Measuring the impact of
cohesion policy on employment Making it happen: delivering cohesion policy 2007–13
The European Commission has published
a guide entitled Measuring Structural Preparations for the new EU cohesion policy are now at an advanced stage, with programmes
Funds’ employment eﬀects. The guide is worth 90 % of the overall budget currently being negotiated.
designed to provide practical, step-by-
step guidance using a ‘bottom-up’
approach. Three key steps are suggested Speaking at a press conference in Brussels on 2 April, European importance.’ Early estimates suggest
— setting targets and estimating gross Regional Policy Commissioner Danuta Hübner and that around EUR 200 billion will be spent directly
employment eﬀects, converting gross Vladimír Špidla, Commissioner for Employment, So- on investments to deliver the Lisbon agenda, in-
employment estimates into net eﬀects, cial Aﬀairs and Equal Opportunities, both praised cluding EUR 50 billion on R & D and innovation
and an overall assessment — which
the Member States for submitting their strategic and EUR 70 billion on human capital.
broadly correspond with successive
stages in the Structural Funds
plans and priorities for the new programming peri-
od on time and encouraged them to keep up the The Commission has also received 340 of the ex-
pace for the remaining operational programmes. pected 444 operational programmes (232 for the
European Regional Development Fund and 108 for
employ_en.pdf The documents setting out Member States’ strategic the European Social Fund). On 10 May the German
priorities (national strategic reference frameworks or EU Presidency organised a conference in Hof,
Knowledge for regional NSRFs) for 2007–13 were all received by the 5 March Germany, to mark the launch of the cohesion
innovation policy programmes for the 2007–13 period.
deadline and are currently under examination by the
The ﬁnal conference of the European Commission. The NSRFs for Austria, Cyprus, Denmark, The conference, entitled ‘Strong regions —
regions’ knowledge-based innovation Building bridges for Europe’, was addressed
Germany, Greece, Hungary, Lithuania, Malta, Poland
network ERIK+ was held in Brussels on 10
and Spain have already been adopted, and the Com- by Minister for Economy and Technology Mi-
and 11 May and focused on ‘Knowledge
for regional innovation – Towards regions mission has issued a decision on the list of opera- chael Glos and Commissioner Hübner.
for economic change’. The aim of the tional programmes, the indicative annual allocations
conference was to examine the future
Progress in the negotiations on the NSRFs and the
and other aspects. Decisions on the remaining NSRFs
role of regions in promoting economic operational programmes can now be followed
are expected by the end of July.
growth through innovation, online on a new ‘programming scoreboard’, which
entrepreneurship and the knowledge is updated on a weekly basis.
economy, with particular reference to the
Commenting on the NSRFs, Commissioner Hüb-
evolution of the European Commission ner said: ‘The message from Member State strate- http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/newsroom/
initiative ‘Regions for economic change’. gies is clear. Programmes in the new period will pdf/scoreboard020407.pdf
http://www.eriknetwork.net/ deliver EU priorities of growth, jobs and sustaina-
conf04.html ble development on the ground. There will also http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?re
be major investments in renewable energies and ference=IP/07/457&format=HTML&aged=0&lang
The future of European territorial
energy eﬃciency, as well as infrastructures of uage=EN&guiLanguage=en
The Interact secretariat organised a
conference on ‘European territorial
cooperation programmes 2007–13:
expectations, changes and challenges’ in Report highlights leverage eﬀect of the Structural Funds
Budapest from 27 to 30 March.
The conference was addressed by keynote The success of EU cohesion policy and the Structural Funds as a catalyst for economic development
speakers from the European Commission
throughout Europe is the focus of a major new report from the Committee of the Regions (CoR).
and other European institutions and
governmental representatives of the EU
Member States. The conference The report, which was prepared by Manuel Chaves This catalytic role of the Structural Funds is attribu-
proceedings are now available online. González, CoR member and President of the Spanish ted to the fact that they oﬀer funding stability over a
http://www.interact-eu.net/227138/ region of Andalusia, was adopted at a special CoR multiannual budgetary period and mobilise critical
242330/0/1205914 plenary session in Rome on 23 March to celebrate the funding mass. According to estimates by the Euro-
Citizens contribute to EU rural 50th anniversary of the founding treaties of the Euro- pean Commission, every euro spent at EU level on
policy pean Union. cohesion policy leads to between EUR 1 and EUR 3
On 2 April, the Committee of the Regions in additional expenditure by national or regional
Focusing on the leverage eﬀect of the Structural
hosted a conference to present the governments.
Funds, the report concludes that EU funding does
conclusions of the ‘European citizens’
panel’ initiative. The initiative, which was make a diﬀerence when it comes to attracting The report uses case studies from diﬀerent coun-
launched in May 2006, facilitated a year- additional public and private investment for projects tries to demonstrate this multiplier eﬀect, and puts
long dialogue with 87 citizens from 10 aimed at generating growth and jobs — one of forward a number of recommendations on how it
diﬀerent regions of Europe on the the EU’s top priorities under the Lisbon strategy. can be further enhanced in the future.
policies that aﬀect Europe’s rural areas.
These include the following points. concentration of funds in priority sectors, such as urban areas, and
more emphasis on territorial cooperation.
• The European Commission should incorporate the concept of leverage
into its evaluation of the current state and progress of cohesion policy. The report was welcomed by EU Regional Policy Commissioner
• The Commission should step up eﬀorts to raise awareness of cohe- Danuta Hübner, who also drew attention to its recommendation that
sion policy and its beneﬁts, proﬁle and image. the concept of leverage should be extended to non-ﬁnancial as-
pects. ‘In this meaning,’ she said, ‘we can say that European cohesion
• Member States should cut red tape and establish a legal, adminis- policy fosters multi-faceted partnership between diﬀerent layers of
trative and ﬁnancial framework that facilitates innovative activity. the public administration and the private sector. These interactions
• More attention should be paid to the goals in the Kyoto Protocol on link regional, national and European levels and contribute to eco-
Climate Change, respect for the environment and sustainable nomic development and better governance.’
growth when implementing the Structural Funds.
The report also suggests that the leverage eﬀect of EU cohesion
policy could be signiﬁcantly reinforced in the 2007–13 programming http://ec.europa.eu/commission_barroso/hubner/speeches/pdf/
period through the adoption of a more strategic approach, a greater rome_cor_230307_en.pdf
Promoting the urban dimension of EU policy
At the informal Council of Ministers of Urban Aﬀairs in Leipzig, Germany, on 24 and 25 May, Regional Policy Commissioner Danuta
Hübner presented a new guide on the urban dimension in Community policies.
The aim of the guide is to assist urban areas in taking full advantage Some of the ﬁndings of the report include the following.
of the opportunities presented by EU policies. It provides detailed
• The GDP of cities with more than 1 million inhabitants is 25 %
information on how these policies can beneﬁt cities and towns,
higher than the EU average and 40 % higher than their national
and how urban stakeholders can have a greater role in their imple-
mentation. The guide provides an overview of the urban dimen-
sion of all Community policies for the period 2007–13 and identiﬁes • Despite a concentration of jobs in cities, residents do not always
the various initiatives with direct and indirect implications for the beneﬁt from these employment opportunities.
sustainable development of urban areas. • In almost all cities where unemployment is at a level of 10 % or
higher, unemployment rates are at least double in certain areas and
The ﬁrst of its kind, the guide was drawn up on the initiative of the
up to 60 % in the more deprived areas.
Commission inter-service group on urban development, which is
chaired by the Directorate-General for Regional Policy and involves • In west European cities, the service sector is by far the greatest
13 other directorates-general. source of employment.
The electronic version of the guide is available at: http://ec.europa.eu/ • Cities in Spain, Ireland, Finland, and Greece have experienced some of
comm/regional_policy/ the highest rates of population growth in the EU. In contrast, many
urban areas in central and eastern Europe have witnessed a popula-
Facts and perceptions about quality of life in European cities: tion decline.
adding value to the urban audit
• The average living space per inhabitant in many east European cities
The urban audit, which was initiated by the Directorate-General for is almost a third of that in more aﬄuent western cities.
Regional Policy, is coordinated by Eurostat and the Regional Policy DG • City dwellers are better educated than other European citi-
and involves the EU’s 27 national statistical oﬃces. Data are collected zens.
on more than 300 variables describing the quality of life in European
A survey on the quality of life in European cities carried out within the
cities and these are used to prepare a ‘State of European cities’ report,
context of the audit found that the vast majority of people like living in
which has been contracted out to Ecotec, a consulting company. The
their city and expect it to become an even better place to live and
report is the most comprehensive of its kind on European cities.
work in future.
It builds on a unique collection of urban statistics and provides in-depth
analysis of demographic, economic and social conditions, as well as Details of the audit and survey can be found at: http://ec.europa.eu/
education levels, civic involvement and the environment. regional_policy/urban2/audit_en.htm
Open Days: 212 regional and city partners
A record 212 Brussels-based oﬃces of European regions and cities, representing 33 countries, have signed up
as oﬃcial partners of ‘Open Days 2007 – European week of regions and cities’. This year’s event, which is once
again being organised jointly by the European Commission and the Committee of the Regions, will take place
from 8 to 11 October in Brussels. An Open Days 2007 newsletter is now available online, oﬀering four pages of
Directorate-General for Regional Policy Text finalised on 25 May 2007.
Editor: Thierry Daman, European Commission, Regional Policy DG, Unit 01, fax (32-2) 29-66003. The texts of this publication do not bind the Commission.
Electronic address of the Regional Policy DG on the Internet: http://ec.europa.eu/comm/regional_policy/index_en.htm
Commissioner Danuta Hübner: http://ec.europa.eu/comm/commission_barroso/hubner/index_en.htm
Orders for publications: firstname.lastname@example.org — This newsletter is published in 19 oﬃcial languages of the European Union.
Printed on recycled paper.