F.3 E.P.A First Term Group Project-
(Group Leader) (7)
Doris Chow (9)
Jennifer Ho (11)
The interview of 25 students’ parents and grandparents’ occupation
Colour to represent: Primary production Secondary production Tertiary production
Class Interviewees' Name Father's job Mother's job Grandfather's job Grandmother's job Interviewed by
F.3C Cherry Chong(10) television producer(監制) (2) Banker (3) Farmer (1) Accountant (3) Cindy
F.3D Daisy Ip(10) civil service worker (3) a civil service worker (3) Construction tailor (2) Cindy
F.3C Jade Pang(26) MTR stationmaster(地鐡站長) (3) Nil Accountant (3) Manager (3) Cindy
F.3A Candice Cheung(10) Bus driver(City bus) (3) Banker (3) Businessman (3) Factory worker(2) Cindy
F.4D Serena Liu(37) businessman (3) secretary (3) businessman(3) Nil Cindy
Class Interviewees' Name Father’s job Mother's job Grandfather's job Grandmother's job Interviewed by
3A Joyce Chak Technical manager (3) Human resources manager (3) Nil Business man (3) Doris
3A Rita Cheung Manager (3) Cosmetician (3) Gardener (3) Cook (2) Doris
3A Christy Law Business man (3) Clerk (3) Business man (3) Worker (2) Doris
3A Sandy Ho Insurance agent (3) Marketing sales (3) Teacher (3) Teacher (3) Doris
3C Stephanie Yu Civil servant (3) Civil servant (3) Fireman (3) Nil Doris
Class Interviewees' Name Father's job Mother's job Grandfather's job Grandmother's job Interviewed by
3C Amy law tour guide3) clerk(3) teacher(3) NIL Rainbow
3D Connie Chan businessman(3) accountant(3) NIL NIL Rainbow
3A Stephanie Chan project manager(3) accountant(3) driving instructor(3) driving instructor(3) Rainbow
4C Priscilla Tang logistic manager(3) clerk(3) businessman(3) businessman(3) Rainbow
5C Annie Wong salesman(3) NIL police(3) NIL Rainbow
Class Interviewees' Name Father's Job Mother's Job Grandfather's Job Grandmother's Job Interviewed by
3A Yvonne Factory worker(3) Banker(3) textile(2) textile(2) Jennifer
7S Carey Banker(3) Nil Businessman(3) Barber(3) Jennifer
3D Cecilia Banker(3) Nil Sailor(3) Nil Jennifer
4A Alice Dentist(3) Nil printing industry(2) Nil Jennifer
3A Theresa Civil Servant(3) Civil Servant(3) Pilot(3) Nil Jennifer
Class Interviewees' Name Father’s job Mother’s job Grandfather’s job Grandmother’s job Interviewed by
7S Queenie Lam Accountant(3) Nurse(3) Electrician(2) Nil Winnie Lam
7A Irene Pong Factory Manager(3) Banker(3) Textile Worker (2) Textile Worker (2) Winnie Lam
3D Mandy Lo Labour(2) Nil Nil Worker(2) Winnie Lam
3A Cecilia Choi Driver(3) Clerk(3) Factory worker(2) Factory worker(2) Winnie Lam
3A Angel Tong Engineer(3) Domestic Helper(3) Nil Clerk(3) Winnie Lam
Referring to the above information, the number and percentage of each type of production
Total of Parents are interviewed 44
Total of Grandparents are interviewed 37
Primary 0 0 1 2.70%
Secondary 2 4.55% 14 37.8%
Tertiary 42 95.5% 22 59.45%
Total 44 100% 37 100.00%
Percentage of production of parents Percentage of production of Grandparents
0. 0% 4.55%
Tertiary 59.45% Tertiary
Summarize the differences found in the two generations.
From the results of our interviews, we can see that there are some differences between the jobs of the two generations. In the old generation, there are more
jobs, like farmer and tailor which are belonged to the primary and secondary production(2.7% and 34% of primary and secondary while there are only 0% and
2.3% in the Parent’s occupation). Nowadays the jobs belonged to primary and secondary productions are decreasing. Tertiary production has the larger share in the
chart of the new generation (97.7%) Among our interviewees’ parents, none of them have jobs belonged to the primary production.(0%)So we can see that
secondary and primary productions are less important in Hong Kong, especially primary production. Tertiary production becomes the most essential and important
economic activity in Hong Kong nowadays.
Also, from our results, the jobs belonged to tertiary production of our interviewees’ parents are often about commercial and needed higher educational level.
In the older generation, there are more jobs belonged to primary and secondary production and most of them are harder and do not need high educational level. So
through this, we can understand the reasons of the changes. One of the important reasons is that people in the new generation have higher educational level and
they don’t want a hard job. So they choose jobs belonged to tertiary production, which are less hard. Another reason is that Hong Kong becomes a more
commercial city than before and so more people choose jobs that are about commercial, like accountant and businessman.
Refer to the 5 pages of newspaper from ‘Job Market’
with recruitment advertisements.
We have classified the job posts into the three types of
Reference number(P.g1) Job Post Type of production
1 Associate Merchandiser Tertiary Production
2 Assistant Merchandiser Tertiary Production
3 Senior Merchandiser Tertiary Production
4 Senior Merchandiser Tertiary Production
5 Assistant Merchandiser Tertiary Production
6 Assistant Merchandiser Tertiary Production
7 Footwear Merchandiser Tertiary Production
8 Merchandiser Tertiary Production
9 Woven Garment Merchandiser Tertiary Production
10 Senior Merchandiser Tertiary Production
11 Merchandiser Tertiary Production
12 Woven Garment Merchandiser Tertiary Production
13 Purchase Clerk Tertiary Production
14 Merchandising Clerk Tertiary Production
Reference Number(P.g2) Job Post Type of Production
15 Sales & Marketing Executive Tertiary Production
16 Lotus Notes Programmer Tertiary Production
17 Technical & Maintenance Engineer Secondary Production
18 Assistant Administration Tertiary Production
19 Recreation Assistant Tertiary Production
20 Waiter / Waitress Tertiary Production
21 Accounts Clerk Tertiary Production
22 PMC Manager Tertiary Production
23 Assistant QA Manager Tertiary Production
24 Assistant / Facility Construction Manager Tertiary Production
25 Engineering Supervisor / Senior PIE Engineer Secondary Production
26 Senior Maintenance Officer Tertiary Production
27 Senior Security Officer Tertiary Production
28 Industrial Engineer / Project Engineer Secondary Production
29 SMT Engineer Secondary Production
30 Warehouse Manager Tertiary Production
31 Assistant Project Manager / Project Supervisor Tertiary Production
32 Assistant Training Manager Tertiary Production
33 Technical Leader Tertiary Production
34 Senior Project Engineer Secondary Production
35 Customer Services Officer Secondary Production
36 Testing Engineer Secondary Production
37 Project Officer Tertiary Production
Reference Number(P.g3) Job Post Type of Production
38 Marketing assistant Tertiary Production
39 Project engineer Secondary Production
40 Accounting assistant / clerk Tertiary Production
41 Tooling engineer Secondary Production
42 Engineer manager Secondary Production
43 Project manager Tertiary Production
44 Quantity surveyor Tertiary Production
45 Draftsman Tertiary Production
46 Financial consultant Tertiary Production
47 Accounting manager Tertiary Production
48 Q.C. Supervisor Tertiary Production
49 Assistant production coordinator Tertiary Production
50 Product Engineer Secondary Production
51 Merchandising clerk Tertiary Production
52 Sales representative Tertiary Production
53 Sales clerk Tertiary Production
54 Graphic designer Tertiary Production
55 Handbag Designer Tertiary Production
56 Temp accounts clerk Tertiary Production
57 General clerk Tertiary Production
58 Personnel & administration officer Tertiary Production
59 Assistant solicitor Tertiary Production
60 Legal secretary Tertiary Production
Reference Number(P.g4) Job Post Type of Production
61 Account Manager Tertiary Production
62 Account Executive Tertiary Production
63 Product Manager Tertiary Production
64 Customer Engineer / Technician Tertiary Production
65 Artist Tertiary Production
66 Audit Assistant Tertiary Production
67 Manager Tertiary Production
68 Account Executive Tertiary Production
69 Audlt Semi-senior Tertiary Production
70 Audit Intermediate Tertiary Production
71 Junior Account Clerk Tertiary Production
72 Logistic Clerk Tertiary Production
73 Shipping Clerk Tertiary Production
74 Senior Clerk Tertiary Production
75 Part-time Customer Service Clerk Tertiary Production
76 Senior Account Clerk / Account Clerk Tertiary Production
77 Receptionist Tertiary Production
78 Office Administrator Tertiary Production
79 Merchandiser Tertiary Production
80 Packaging Designer Tertiary Production
Reference Number(P.g5) Job Post Type of Production
81 Secretary Tertiary Production
82 Clerk Tertiary Production
83 Public Relations Officer Tertiary Production
84 Draftsman Tertiary Production
85 Interior Designer Tertiary Production
86 Purchasing Clerk Tertiary Production
87 Sales Executive Tertiary Production
88 General Clerk Tertiary Production
89 Legal Clerk Tertiary Production
90 Administrative Assistant Tertiary Production
91 Secretary Tertiary Production
92 Senior Quality Engineer Secondary Production
93 Procurement Officer Tertiary Production
94 Purchasing Officer Tertiary Production
95 Business Development Executive Tertiary Production
96 Account Executive Tertiary Production
97 Tooling Engineer Secondary Production
98 Sales Admin. Coordinator Tertiary Production
99 Programmer Tertiary Production
100 Account Clerk Tertiary Production
101 Trainee of Production Tertiary Production
102 Project Officer Tertiary Production
103 Finance &Administration Manager Tertiary Production
104 Receptionist Tertiary Production
105 Customer Service Executive Tertiary Production
106 Project Coordinator Tertiary Production
107 Clerk Tertiary Production
108 General Clerk Tertiary Production
Number of job posts Percentage
Primary Production 0 0%
Secondary Production 13 12%
Tertiary Production 95 88%
Total 108 100%
The Chart represents the percentage of job posts
We have chosen two interesting and special jobs!
(Please refer to page 2 and 3)
Let us show you some detailed information including
interviews and photos about them!
- Jade Pang’s Father-MTR stationmaster(地鐡站長)
interviewed by Cindy and Jennifer
interviewed by Winnie
We found that MTR stationmaster is an interesting job. As the
Mass Transit Railway also known as MTR is playing an
important role in Hong Kong. We believe that it is one the
most efficient transportation in Hong Kong’s traffic patterns, it
provides a smooth flow of traffic, it also helps to reduce traffic
jam on the road. MTR is a fast, comfortable and convenient
transport and that is why many people in Hong Kong like to take
MTR everyday. But who is behind to keep the smooth flow and the
good order ?
it is the......
Mr. Pang-A MTR stationmaster (地鐡站長)
This is Jade’s Father and this is his office
which is called the stationmaster’s
Mr. Pang has been a station master since
1979. He works in the stationmaster’s
room in Tin Hau MTR Station.
Let’s have an interview with him!
I=interviewer (Cindy and Jennifer)
I: Hello, Mr. Pang. Would you mind spending a few minutes to have an interview with us for the EPA project?
I: What is the requirement of doing this job?
P: People who want to take this job must at least reach the Form 5 educational level and over 23 years old.
Candidates must passed an oral examination and a written examination as well as after attended a 4- week
training course organized by the Mass Transport Railway Corporation. And write reports for any
maladministration happened in the MTR station.
I: What is your present salary and working hours of your job?
P: Around $25,000 per month with yearly bonus and we have to work for 8 hours a day on shift duties.
I: What is the responsibility of this job?
P: Monitoring the platform through the close-circuit television in the station master’s room.
-If there is any technical problem is found in the MTR, assign technician to support.
-When there is injury of passenger, find MTR assistants to help when it is a general case, otherwise, call police
or ambulance for help.
-When dealing with argument among passengers, I will approach there immediately and try to understand what
is happening and try to solve it by ourselves. If the case is a crime which is too serious or danger, I will call
the police for help.
I: Do you have any memorable or interesting experience while you are on duty? How about to share with us?
P: Oh yes!! Years ago, I witnessed a The gap between two
passenger who wanted to commit railways
suicide by jumping into the railway from
the platform. When I approach him, he
had already done that. But without
thinking twice, I jumped down the
railway and pushed him aside to the Gap
between the two railways to avoid the
MTR knock him down while other
passengers called the police. Fortunately, both of us were safe.
I: How meaningful it is! We would like to know how we can call for the MTR assistance when we need help?
P: It’s easy, you may simply press the button 222 of the special function telephone at the MTR Station, and we
are always ready to support all our clients.
I: Thanks for having interview with us.
P: You’re welcome. Bye!
Mr. Lam-An Electrician
This is Mr Lam.He is an
Electrician and Winnie.
The card beside is the working
identity card of Mr. Lam, to
represent he is a qualified
These are the Equipments and tools Mr. lam uses while working
We select to interview an electrician because nowadays people in Hong Kong or in the world cannot live
without electricity. Electric appliances become an important part of our life. The electric appliances are
developed by leaps and bounds. For example once a mobile phone was invented, people would think it was a
masterpiece. However they can never think of nowadays mobile phones can have a bunch of special functions
instead of people can just use it to communicate. We can take photos and listen to the music by using the cell
phone. So we want to know the differences between the electric appliances in the old generation and the new
generation as well as having a better understanding of electricians. Let’s have an interview with an old
R: Hello, Mr Chan.
R: Thanks for having an interview with us.
E: You are welcome.
R: So… Let’s start. When did you start to be an electrician?
E: I think it’s about in 1950s, after the Second World War in Hong Kong.
R: How long had you been an electrician?
E: It’s about 50 years.
R: Which occupation was the most popular at that time?
E: I think it’s textile.
R: Then why didn’t you find a job in textile but instead, you became an electrician?
E: It was because no one employed me except this job.
R: What was the qualification of being an electrician?
E: The educational level didn’t need to be very high. I think having secondary school level was enough but
people needed to pass an exam and got the license so that they could be a qualified electrician.
R: How much was your salary?
E: When I started to be an electrician, I just only got $180 a month but then the salary became higher and
higher. By the time that I resigned, I got $5000 a month.
R: Which company did you work for?
E: I worked for a restaurant called Hong Bao Shek and I was responsible for the electric appliances such as
light, cooker etc. When they were out of order, I would mend them.
R: Are there any differences between an old style of electric appliance and a new style of appliance?
E: Of course. The electric appliances have a lot of changes. The old appliances were large in size but now they
become smaller and smaller in size and also they become more convenient, mobile phone is a good example.
Also nowadays we are talking about digital, like digital camera or DVD but I did not know about digital when I
R: So is it different to mend an old appliance and to mend a new appliance?
E: Yes. Nowadays the appliance become much smaller and the accessories inside become smaller in size too. It
is harder to see, check and change the accessories inside.
R: Can you introduce the method of mending an electric appliance?
E: Sure. For example an old iron cannot release heat. So I need to open the cover of the iron. Check what
problem cause the iron do not release heat. For instance the heater is out of order. So I change the heater inside.
Then put the cover back and the iron will work again.
R: It is an old style of iron. How about an iron of new style?
E: For example a steamed iron, one of the reasons that they become out of order is because of the water inside.
I will take away the cover first, then find out why the water will be seen everywhere inside, such as there is a
hole in the water container. So I mend the hole, wipe away the water and change the accessories inside. Then
put the cover back. The iron will work again. The method is more complex than to mend an iron of old style.
R: Wow! What a masterpiece! You’re so professional!
E: You’re welcome.
R: Do you love your job?
E: Yes because I love electric appliances very much. An electrician is just like a doctor. They have to check
what problem the appliance has and change it so that they can work out again. Mending electric appliances is
R: Have you ever thought of changing your job? Such as being a banker etc. Finance industry has been
developed rapidly nowadays.
E: No. Because I love my job and also I know my education is not high enough. Besides, the boss and
colleagues treated me very well and I had a stable salary. So I don’t want to change my job.
R: Being an electrician, what kind of thought do you think you have?
E: I think being an electrician has to learn continuously. They cannot be too stubborn that they just know about
the old appliances. They also need to understand the new appliances. The electric appliances developed very
fast. Electricians have to follow and learn them so that they will not be out-dated.
R: Thank you for having an interview with us.
E: You’re welcome.
---------------------------------------- End of interview ------------------------------------------
Cindy Cheung (Group Leader)
During the project work, I have learn a lot about the changes in Hong Kong’s economic structure.
Like how jobs of secondary and primary production has decreased so much as jobs of tertiary
production become more important and bring the most income to Hong Kong. And nowadays, Hong
Kong becomes a commercial city, less and less workers of primary and secondary production are
needed (through the exploration of recruitment in newspaper). These changes have told us that Hong
Kong has also developed in many ways. People have higher educational level than before, things like
electric appliances are more updated etc.
Besides gaining knowledge, I really enjoy doing this project. I enjoy the part of interviewing and
taking photos of Mr. Pang most! Especially when he said he saved a man who tried to commit suicide.
It’s really memorable and surprising! Thanks Mr. Lam for giving us a really a good opportunity for me
to know more things around us.
I’ve also learn how to be a good group leader. A group leader must be the lowest place in a
group and listen to every member’s needs, problem and opinion. I can see that every group mates is
so active to give out opinions but sometimes, this made up arguments. And I have improved myself
through this bad experience too. I try not to be obstinate to stand my point (I can’t say people must
follow what I think because I’m a group leader!).I calm myself and every group mates. Tell them to
think of their different opinion calmly and take the advantages of them. And that really works! It made
our project even more perfect! I really like this group because everyone will try to participate actively
and punctually! What changed me most through this project work is that, before when I am a group
leader, I will do all the works by myself and just divide a bit works to my group mates, but now I know
what I need is to TRUST them and work together! And I found out E.P.A is not really a difficult subject if
you try to enjoy learning it, it’s the earliest time for me to finish a project!
During the project work, I have learnt how to cooperate, communicate and coordinate with my group
mates and also known more about the economics between the two generations. I think the most
difficult thing is that we do not know how to classify some occupations, for example, designer and
engineer. These occupations are really confusing! Finally, we asked a F.5 student, who has also
finished the same project when she was in F.3, for help and she has really helped us a lot. I am
extremely grateful for her kindness and help! I become more familiar with the three different types of
production and know how to classify the jobs into these three types of production after finished this
project. This skill may help me a lot in the future.
Before doing this project, I never read the ‘Recruitment’on the newspaper conscientiously and did not care
about the growth and decline of the different types of productions. I also never paid attention to the changes
in economic structure in Hong Kong between the two generations. When the project is completed, I have a
better understanding of my classmates and their families, the Hong Kong economy as well as created a general
concept about our society. How interesting it is!
While doing the project, I have met some difficulties such as sometimes we are not quite sure about some of
the translated terms of the jobs, some types of productions and the duties of some jobs are difficult for us to
classify. We began to ask our parents’advice and discuss among group members, do research and arrange
interviews to deal with those problems and seek for improvement. The process has developed my
self-initiated learning spirit and the ability to observe analysis and integrate and how to solve our problems.
Furthermore, I am fortunate enough to have a lot of good teachers and group mates to assist me so that I have
gained not only knowledge but also the love and kindness from them.
From this project, I can have a better understand of the economic characteristics of Hong Kong. It is because
we can proof the theory in the book but not just read the theory in the book without any understanding. Now I
can remember the theory easily. Also, through the interview with the respondents, we can practice our
communication skills. I had an experience to interview the electrician; he couldn’t really understand what I
meant because my setting question skills was not very good. So we lost a lot of time in communicating. My
group mates and I have a great time together. We cooperate very well. During discussion, all the groupmates
give their opinion and suggestions and we discuss together. I really learn a lot in the project as well as having a
great time with my groupmates.
During this project work, we were not sure how to classify the occupations into the three productions. Luckily,
a F.5 student lent us a hand. She taught us how to classify the jobs into different categories. Without her help,
we could not finish the project so smoothly. Also, I would like to thank all the interviewees. They are
co-operative. Besides, I am glad that our group co-operated well with each other. We finished our project
successfully. I enjoyed doing project with my group mates together. After doing this project work, I am more
familiar with the changes in economic structure in Hong Kong. I start to like E.P.A. this subject.
Duty List of each member
Name of Student Duty
Cindy Cheung Cover page, Organizing the result of survey (25
students), Interviewed the 5 students and typed
the data. Calculate the percentage and the
number of each type of production of the whole
survey. Summarized the differences found in the
two generations. Classified the job posts in the
newspaper in to three production group. And
wrote the reference number of the five different
pages of newspaper. Setting question of
interviews and Interviewed Mr. Pang. The whole
organization of the data. Taking Photos and
finding from the websites. The whole format of
the project (fonts, colorings).Reflection and duty
list. Arranged the time of discussion. And
deadline of handing in data.Printing.
Doris Chow Interviewed the 5 students, typed the data. and
made the pie chart for the result of whole survey.
Summarized the differences found in the two
generations. Classify the job posts in newspaper
in to three production group. Count the number
of each production group of job posts in the 5
newspaper and the percentage. Reflection.
Jennifer Ho Interviewed the 5 students and typed the data.
Classify the job posts in newspaper in to three
production group. And wrote the reference
number of the five different pages of newspaper.
Summarized the differences found in the two
generations. Setting questions and Interviewed
Mr. Pang. Translate the Chinese version of the
interview of Mr. Pang. Reflection.
Winnie Lam Interviewed the 5 students and typed the data.
Summarized and wrote the differences found in
the two generations. Classify the job posts in
newspaper in to three production group.
Interviewed Mr. Lam .Translation of the Chinese
version of the interviews with Mr. Lam. Taking
Photos of Mr. Lam and his tools. Reflection.
Rainbow Lee Interviewed the 5 students, typed the data.
Summarized the differences found in the two
generations. Classified the job posts in
newspaper into three production group, count the
number of each production group of job posts in
the 5 newspaper and the percentage. And made
a pie chart for the result of whole survey.
Checking grammatical mistake and typos.
This is the end of our F.3 E.P.A First Term Group Project written
Hope you’ve enjoyed it!