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Musical Theatre Musical

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					                Musical Theatre
Minstrelsy
  -parodies performed by white entertainers
  -comes from America and England
  -first appears on plantations

Dixon and Rice (1820’s and 1830’s)
   -well known for blackface song and dance

Two types of impersonations being used in early minstrelsy:
  -Gumbo Chaff or Jim Crow (plantation or riverboat hand, joyous and
  uncouth)
  -Zip Coon or Dandy Jim (northern, elegant clothing and manners)
                  1840
Fully developed minstrel show, with
  following characteristics:
  -variety show (songs, dances, jokes,
  speeches, skits
  -four performers – what do they play?
  banjo and fiddle in middle; end-men play
  tambourine and bones
                 Dan Emmet
 One of the original Virginia Minstrels (first group
  to use the classic instrumentation)
 He wrote “Dixie” in 1859


   De Boatmen’s Dance
    -use of dialect
    -repetition of short motives/melodies
    -clicking of bones
           1850’s and 60’s
Minstrelsy grows until the Civil War,
Loses its original flavor and character after
 the war
             Civil War to 1900
   Four factors contributing to the growth of Musical
    Theatre
   #1 – the New York stage in the 1860’s was a hot
    spot of activity
   #2 – Vaudeville = clean, family entertainment – a
    succession of individual acts
   #3 – Importations – the earlier British Invasion
    (Gilbert and Sullivan, H.M.S. Pinafore and Pirates
    of Penzance)
   #4 – Americanization – happens from 1900-1920
             George M. Cohan
 Showman, author, composer, director
 Brought new vitality to the theatre


   Yankee Doodle Boy
    –   Fast pace, bold style
    –   Quotes from popular tunes
    –   Mostly in a major key
    –   Simple syncopation (not as elaborate as jazz)
    –   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wlPR97oYOBA
     The Musical in its Maturity
   Showboat (1927)
    -music by Jerome Kern, lyrics by Oscar
    Hammerstein
    -“Widening and deepening of the dramatic
    dimensions of the musical”
    -Realistic and sympathetic portrayal of African
    Americans on the stage
    -Music becomes more important – unity in the
    score
    -Use of Leitmotifs

				
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posted:9/21/2011
language:English
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