China by chenmeixiu

VIEWS: 10 PAGES: 29

									Leandro Pileggi



                                     China




I. Cultural Analysis

           a. History

       China is one of the oldest countries in the world. Its history is so rich that these

two pages about their history wouldn’t even give you a basic knowledge. But let’s start

from the beginning. There is human settlement in the area of Huang He basing from 5000

B.C.

       Then there was the Xia dynasty. This dynasty started around 2070 B.C. and lasted

until about 1600 B.C. About this year is when they created schools, but the only problem

is that they only passed information through words. Not for a long time they would

develop a writing system. During this period is when they began their history of benign

government and harsh punishments for those who broke the law. Jie, the last ruler, was a

corrupt emperor and was overthrown by Tang, the first emperor of the Shang Dynasty.

       The Shang dynasty began in 1600 B.C. and went until 1046 B.C. This civilization

survived mostly with agriculture, hunting and animal husbandry. During this dynasty is

when they fully developed a writing system. Their civilization was one of the most

advanced, they were able to discover Mars, invent many musical instruments and spotted
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many other comets. Their form of political control was far less severe than in the Xia

dynasty. Shang Zhou, the last king of this dynasty, committed suicide after his army was

defeated by the Zhou people. After his defeat came the Zhou dynasty.

       The Shang dynasty did many accomplishments in the military field. It used

bronze for many of its weapons and military clothe which putted them ahead of any other

armies close to their region.

       Following the Shang dynasty was the Zhou dynasty. This dynasty was the first to

use iron in China. They also increased the usage of bronze for their military forces, which

was even stronger than the Shang dynasty. This was also called the Mandate of Heaven

because the say said that those ruling the dynasty were the son of heaven.

       After the fall of the Zhou dynasty many followed them. The most important and

significant dynasty that not only shaped China’s culture but also gave them most of their

traditions was the Ming dynasty. This dynasty ruled China from 1368 to 1644. They had

one of the strongest and biggest navies of all times and revolutionized the ship industry

with new technology. Also, it started China’s tradition of an army of one million men.

       The founder emperor Hong Wu attempted to create a self sustainable economy,

but by the 16th century China had done major accomplishments with maritime trades with

Spain. At the peak of the Ming dynasty they had a population of at least 160 million

people, but during a small period of time when the temperatures drop throughout the

entire world their economy collapsed, production of iron slowed down along with the

trades, and fields were not as producing as much any more. This series of events lead to

the fall of the Ming dynasty.
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          After the Ming dynasty came the Qing dynasty. This dynast lasted from 1644 to

 1911. Following them was the creation of the Republic of China. This government did a

 series of military accomplishments but failed many times as well, and that took them to

 their fall.

          From 1949 until the present China has been called the People’s Republic of China.

 Just the name itself shows how China is finally changing after its 2000 years of dynasties

 into a more free country.

               b. Geographical Setting

          China is located between the 55th parallel and the 20th parallel. Its vast vertical

range allows it to have many different types of climates and land. To the north it has the

Gobi desert, the rest of the country is mostly composed by mountains. Another great factor

about China’s location which gives many advantages to it is their neighboring countries. In

the north it borders with Russia, Mongolia, Korea, Siberia and Kazakhstan. In the East you

can find India, Nepal and Pakistan. In the south there are Bhutan, Thailand, Laos, and

Vietnam. At the west China borders a sea which gives them a great advantage when trading

over seas. Also, really close to them there is the island of Japan and Taiwan.

          China’s highest region is the Qinhai-Tibet Plateau averaging more than 4,000 m

above sea level. To the north of the country is located the Loess and Yunnan-Guizhou

plateaus, and the Tarim, Junggar and Sichuan basins, with an average elevation of between

1,000 m and 2,000 m. Ranging form 500m to 1000m there are the Greater Hinggan,

Taihang, Wushan and Xuefeng mountain ranges and extends eastward to the coast.
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         China has 3 main rivers the Yangtze, Xi, and the Hang He. These are enormous

rivers that facilitate transportation of people and goods in and out of China. Having such a

great basin also helps them to construct men made aqueducts to irrigate their plantations.

             c. Political System

         The Chinese Communist Party continues to dominate the Chinese government.

 Now they have over 58 million members. China’s single-party socialist form of

 government has been active in the country since 1950s. Because China is so big and

 there are so many people in there, it is almost impossible for that entire country to be

 ruled from one location, Beijing. For the last forty years political power has been more

 institutionalized. Still, the central government continuously build consensus about new

 policies to political parties along the country and to the people as well. They are able to

 control all these opposing information through control of information from the media,

 internet and also restricting the freedom from citizens.


 Even though this is a socialist and communist government, many people are seeing China

 going through a really strong change. Many believe they are changing from a system of

 public ownership to a private ownership. The government has recently allowed the

 privatization of housing and also increased the freedom of the citizens. They increased

 their freedom by allowing them to make more decisions independently about their own

 jobs, and education. The communist party control is much tighter in urban and highly

 populated areas. The primary organs of power in the Communist Party include:


        The Politburo Standing Committee, which currently consists of nine members;
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       The Politburo, consisting of 22 full members (including the members of the

        Politburo Standing Committee);

       The Secretariat, the principal administrative mechanism of the CPC, headed by

        the General Secretary;

       The Central Military Commission;

       The Central Discipline Inspection Commission, which is charged with rooting out

        corruption and malfeasance among party cadres.


        The state government consists of three main organs, the president, the National

People’s Congress, and the State Congress. Under the constitution of the People’s

Republic of China, the national people’s committee meets annually for 2 weeks to review

and approve major new policy directions, laws, the budget, and major personnel changes.

            d. Legal System

        The Chinese legal code is extremely complex. It has been in effect since 1987 and

it focus mainly in criminal offenses. One of the main advances in the Chinese legal

system was done when they imposed the rule of law; this means that everyone (including

political officials) is subjected to the law.

        During the 1990’s they Chinese officials putted extreme efforts to modernize and

professionalize the nation’s lawyers, judges, and prisons. During the same period the

government passed a law allowing their citizens to sue officials for malfeasance and

abuse of authority.

        There have been extreme improvements within their legal system, but still, the

Chinese government still has a long road ahead of them. The government is still
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determined in stop any kind of opposition and evidence shows that the government has

many political prisoners.

             e. Religion

          China is a country of many religions. Among the main religions practiced in this

enormous country are; Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, Islam and Christianity.

          Confucianism began over two thousands years ago. This all began with Confucius

which is not a God but just a man whose system of ethics helped shaped Chinese culture

and traditions. Even though you can see many monasteries throughout the entire country,

this is not actually a religion.

          Daoism was the escape from Confucianism. The Chinese usually go to this

religion for their romantic and superstitious beliefs. Buddhism is the most believed

religion in China. It drew attention form many scholars throughout the entire world

because of its classical writing and paintings.

             f. Language

          Chinese is the most spoken languages in the world. Even though it has many

varieties and dialects, mandarin alone has about 850 million speakers alone. Chinese is

also considered a language group alone. The four most famous Chinese dialects are

known as Mandarin (the most famous by far), Cantonese, Wu, and Hi. It is typical for a

Chinese to speak two to three dialects of Chinese. The media and government have been

pushing mandarin to be the official language therefore that is the only languages used by

them. Still, when I go to Shanghai I will encounter other versions of Mandarin like

Shanghainese.

    II.          Culture
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          China has many years of existence, and many different dynasties and emperors

got to shape this extremely diverse cultural country. When in China, I want to be apart of

their New Year celebrations, business etiquette, and different cuisine. The day before

New Year every one eats fish and cleans their house in order to wash away any bad

spirits. The day after they light up fireworks and see their elderly parents. Every one

wears red clothing because it is believed that red will scare away evil. Also, every one

gives each other flowers, and each flower has a different meaning. I am also really

excited about participating in the lantern festival. This is when people build or buy big

lanterns and light them up by their houses or especial locations.

          I am also planning to learn about Chinese business etiquette. I already know a few

things about it. I know that it is impolite for a man to touch a woman in public, it is not

polite as well to point at something during a presentation, and any time you receive a

business card or a gift you are supposed to use both hands.

          American and Brazilian culture is very open minded and liberal, especially the

Brazilian culture. This is going to be the most extreme cultural shock about this entire trip.

I am used to saying anything that comes up to my mind. I grew up in a very liberal

country and having to watch what I say and to who I say it will be tough.

          The biggest challenge that I will have while living China will be eating their home

food. They eat really different than I did in Brazil and also than I do eat now in America.

I have heard that they eat fried scorpions, spiders, bees, and also drink snake blood. I do

have an open mind and I also intend to try those different animals that I never imagined

to eat, but I can not live those 15 weeks only on those types of food.

   III.          Travel
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       In China I intend to travel to the main cities and also to the main touristic

attractions. Let’s begin with Shanghai. In that city I plan to go see the HuangPu River,

which, from what I hear, is gorgeous. I want to check the different architecture and how

different it is compared to other places in the world that I have been. The Jade Buddha

temple in Shanghai also seem to be really pretty, and it is on my must go list. The

Oriental Pearl TV Tower which is located in the Pudong Park seems like it would be a

great postal card.

       There are other places that I would love to visit outside Shanghai like the Great

Wall of China. This wall was built during the Ming Dynasty and any historical events

happened that involved it. To see the longest human made structure will be a terrific

experience. Also, I plan to visit Beijing to see how differently it has developed than

Shanghai. Also, Beijing is the capital of China and to see the Forbidden City will be great.

       China has a great rail system, and Shanghai being the economic power of China

will allow me to go around the country for a cheap price. Many trains will take me

straight from Shanghai to Beijing, and also until the location of the Great Wall of China.

       When traveling and exploring China, I intend to face many situations (awkward

or not) that I am going to be able to tell my family and friends and laugh at it when I

come back. I want to merge with the Chinese natives and try to communicate with them

as much as possible. I want to make Chinese friends over there so I can experience

traditions that would be impossible for me to experience otherwise. I think it would be

great if I met a person and they invited me to a Chinese weeding. Also, it would be just

awesome if I would get to go on a date with a Chinese girl.
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         Those experiences that I just mentioned would increase tremendously my cultural

knowledge. Besides those already mentioned experiences, I also want to go see how

factories are run over there. An experience like that would just open my eyes about how

business is conducted over there and how working conditions are enforced.



   IV.          Reflection Analysis

         I am had intentions to study in China since my freshmen year in college. I hear

constant news about their developments and how their country is going to be the next

economic power. It is obvious to me that they are doing everything possible to move

towards that direction and that in the close future China is going to be one of the most

powerful countries in the world. I want to be a part of the success that China is having

and that they are going to have.

         I have been learning their language for one and a half years so far and I just felt in

love with it. Their language is so full of culture and traditions that I believe it should be a

complete section in this paper. Along with their interesting language also comes the

difficulty to learn it. I have learned four languages fluently so far and I know that the best

way to learn them is to emerge yourself in it. Upon my arrival in China I plan to try to

talk to every friendly face and I will not care about my mistakes. I have learned that being

shy does not help when trying to practice a total different language so my strategy is to

talk to as many people as possible.

         When I look to my future I do not want to see barriers. Knowing this many

languages are going to open many different doors of opportunities to me and by going to

China I am trying to open a different door. I see myself working for a multinational
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company which buys and sells products world wide. After I created that mental picture of

my future I knew my next step was to learn Chinese.

       When in there I not only hope to learn the language extremely well but I also plan

to be more familiar with their traditions and business procedures. The language is going

to be the easiest part to learn. I can open a book over here in America and learn it, or just

use my Rosetta Stone software to practice it, but an opportunity like this to learn about

how they live their lives don’t come every day.

       I want to learn how their family customs is different than ours, do they sit together

in a table and eat as a family or do they go in front of the TV to eat their dinners? I will

arrive with many questions to the natives and I am hoping to leave with none unanswered.

       Another piece of their culture that I still don’t understand much is their culinary.

Off course I read and watch on TV all the weird stuff that they eat, but it will be a totally

different thing going over there and finally tasting it. To me native food tells so much

about a culture. I am hoping to understand just by eating in restaurants or even fast food

places how they respect each other and what are their capitalistic views within their

communistic country.

       One of the most valuable lessons that I will bring back with me is how to be more

independent of my family. This will not be the first time that I will find myself away

from my family and having to learn how to deal with my problems on my own. But this

is going to be the first time that any of my family’s help will be out of reach. I hope to

come and for my parents to look me in the eye and say “You are a changed men.” Then I

will know that this trip was worth it.
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       Another subject about this trip that I am really excited about is learning how to

live in a communist country. In Brazil as well as in America I have enjoyed all the

freedom that I could get. I cussed my government, I disagreed with politicians as well as

my president and over there I will not be able to do that, unless I am willing to be

deported. This is going to be one of the greatest cultural shock for me and I am expecting

to come back with a greater knowledge of what natives of China experience by having a

government like that. I am also expecting to come back with a greater appreciation about

my government.

       Academically this is going to great. If I get placed where I want to be placed in

their Chinese language program I will come back to Lubbock and take only one more

class of Chinese and I will have a minor in it. This will show anyone that is interested in

hiring me that I am able to speak and understand that language.

       In China I will also take other classes besides Chinese. Academically this is also

going to be a huge help. I will be taking classes about entrepreneurship in China as well

as Finance and China in the global market. These classes are going to give me some

insights about China that I could never learn anywhere else. They are going to teach me

how the economic is growing and why. I am hoping to leave those classes with ideas of

how I can go in that market and explore it.

       The class China as a global market is going to teach me more about this economy

and how it is viewed world wide. This is going to be extremely beneficial to me and my

major. I am studying International Business and being able to look at these classes when I

graduate is going to be great because this is going to provide me with the right

information on how to trade with this country and how is their financial status.
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        Professionally this is going to be a tremendous bust. I will be able to put in my

resume that not only I lived in china but also that I have great knowledge of the Chinese

language. I am going to be a very important asset to any multinational company because I

will know five languages, with mandarin included. When companies look at my resume I

want them to be extremely impressed with my diversity, cultural knowledge, intelligence,

and my world comprehension. This experience is going to is going to enhance all of those

for aspects of my resume because I will have a great knowledge of four continents.

        I want for the company that I work for to see me as a tool that will put them ahead

of their competition because of my abilities to communicate in most countries in the

world. Also, I want them to realize my potentials as a person representing their

companies in important business meetings because I know how to behave according to

the county that I find myself in.

   V.          Economic Analysis

        Population:

1,321,851,888 (July 2007 est.)

        Age structure:

0-14 years: 20.4% (male 143,527,634/female 126,607,344)

15-64 years: 71.7% (male 487,079,770/female 460,596,384)

65 years and over: 7.9% (male 49,683,856/female 54,356,900) (2007 est.)

        Median age:

total: 33.2 years

male: 32.7 years

female: 33.7 years (2007 est.)
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       Population growth rate:

0.606% (2007 est.)

       Birth rate:

13.45 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)

       Death rate:

7 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)

       Net migration rate:

-0.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)

       Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.11 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.134 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.057 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.914 male(s)/female

total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2007 est.)

       Infant mortality rate:

total: 22.12 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 20.01 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 24.47 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)

       Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 72.88 years

male: 71.13 years

female: 74.82 years (2007 est.)
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        Total fertility rate:

1.75 children born/woman (2007 est.)

        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

0.1% (2003 est.)

        HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

840,000 (2003 est.)

        HIV/AIDS - deaths:

44,000 (2003 est.)

        Nationality:

noun: Chinese (singular and plural)

adjective: Chinese

        Ethnic groups:

Han Chinese 91.9%, Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi,

Korean, and other nationalities 8.1%

        Religions:

Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%

note: officially atheist (2002 est.)

        Languages:

Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue

(Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese),

Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)

        Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
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total population: 90.9%

male: 95.1%

female: 86.5% (2000 census)

       Location:

Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China

Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam

       Geographic coordinates:

35 00 N, 105 00 E

       Map references:

Asia

       Area:

total: 9,596,960 sq km

land: 9,326,410 sq km

water: 270,550 sq km

       Area - comparative:

slightly smaller than the US

       Land boundaries:

total: 22,117 km

border countries: Afghanistan 76 km, Bhutan 470 km, Burma 2,185 km, India 3,380 km,

Kazakhstan 1,533 km, North Korea 1,416 km, Kyrgyzstan 858 km, Laos 423 km,

Mongolia 4,677 km, Nepal 1,236 km, Pakistan 523 km, Russia (northeast) 3,605 km,

Russia (northwest) 40 km, Tajikistan 414 km, Vietnam 1,281 km

regional borders: Hong Kong 30 km, Macau 0.34 km
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       Coastline:

14,500 km

       Maritime claims:

territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

       Climate:

extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north

       Terrain:

mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in west; plains, deltas, and hills in east

       Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Turpan Pendi -154 m

highest point: Mount Everest 8,850 m

       Natural resources:

coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese,

molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, uranium, hydropower potential

(world's largest)

       Land use:

arable land: 14.86%

permanent crops: 1.27%

other: 83.87% (2005)
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       Irrigated land:

545,960 sq km (2003)

       Natural hazards:

frequent typhoons (about five per year along southern and eastern coasts); damaging

floods; tsunamis; earthquakes; droughts; land subsidence

       Environment - current issues:

air pollution (greenhouse gases, sulfur dioxide particulates) from reliance on coal

produces acid rain; water shortages, particularly in the north; water pollution from

untreated wastes; deforestation; estimated loss of one-fifth of agricultural land since 1949

to soil erosion and economic development; desertification; trade in endangered species

       Geography - note:

world's fourth largest country (after Russia, Canada, and US); Mount Everest on the

border with Nepal is the world's tallest peak.

       GDP (purchasing power parity):

$10.21 trillion (2006 est.)

       GDP (official exchange rate):

$2.527 trillion (2006 est.)

       GDP - real growth rate:

11.1% (official data) (2006 est.)

       GDP - per capita (PPP):

$7,800 (2006 est.)

       GDP - composition by sector:

agriculture: 11.7%
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industry: 48.9%

services: 39.3%

note: industry includes construction (2006 est.)

       Labor force:

795.3 million (2006 est.)

       Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 45%

industry: 24%

services: 31% (2005 est.)

       Unemployment rate:

4.2% official registered unemployment in urban areas in 2005; substantial unemployment

and underemployment in rural areas (2005)

       Population below poverty line:

10% (2004 est.)

       Household income or consumption by percentage share:

lowest 10%: 1.6%

highest 10%: 34.9% (2004)

       Distribution of family income - Gini index:

46.9 (2004)

       Inflation rate (consumer prices):

1.7% (2006 est.)

       Investment (gross fixed):

40.9% of GDP (2006 est.)
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       Budget:

revenues: $482.2 billion

expenditures: $515.8 billion; including capital expenditures of $NA (2006 est.)

       Public debt:

22.1% of GDP (2006 est.)

       Agriculture - products:

rice, wheat, potatoes, corn, peanuts, tea, millet, barley, apples, cotton, oilseed; pork; fish

       Industries:

mining and ore processing, iron, steel, aluminum, and other metals, coal; machine

building; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemicals; fertilizers;

consumer products, including footwear, toys, and electronics; food processing;

transportation equipment, including automobiles, rail cars and locomotives, ships, and

aircraft; telecommunications equipment, commercial space launch vehicles, satellites

       Industrial production growth rate:

22.9% (2006 est.)

       Electricity - production:

2.372 trillion kWh (2005)

       Electricity - consumption:

2.197 trillion kWh (2005)

       Electricity - exports:

11.19 billion kWh (2005)

       Electricity - imports:

5.011 billion kWh (2005)
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       Oil - production:

3.631 million bbl/day (2005)

       Oil - consumption:

6.534 million bbl/day (2005)

       Oil - exports:

443,300 bbl/day (2005)

       Oil - imports:

3.181 million bbl/day (2005)

       Oil - proved reserves:

16.3 billion bbl (2006 est.)

       Natural gas - production:

47.88 billion cu m (2005 est.)

       Natural gas - consumption:

44.93 billion cu m (2005 est.)

       Natural gas - exports:

2.944 billion cu m (2005)

       Natural gas - imports:

0 cu m (2005)

       Natural gas - proved reserves:

1.448 trillion cu m (1 January 2006 est.)

       Current account balance:

$249.9 billion (2006 est.)
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       Exports:

$969.7 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

       Exports - commodities:

machinery and equipment, plastics, optical and medical equipment, iron and steel

       Exports - partners:

US 21%, Hong Kong 16%, Japan 9.5%, South Korea 4.6%, Germany 4.2% (2006)

       Imports:

$751.9 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

       Imports - commodities:

machinery and equipment, oil and mineral fuels, plastics, optical and medical equipment,

organic chemicals, iron and steel

       Imports - partners:

Japan 14.6%, South Korea 11.3%, Taiwan 10.9%, US 7.5%, Germany 4.8% (2006)

       Economic aid - recipient:

$NA

       Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:

$1.073 trillion (2006 est.)

       Debt - external:

$315 billion (2006 est.)

       Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:

$699.5 billion (2006 est.)

       Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:

$67.4 billion (2006 est.)
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         Market value of publicly traded shares:

$2.426 trillion (2006)

         Currency (code):

Yuan (CNY); note - also referred to as the Renminbi (RMB)

         Exchange rates:

Yuan per US dollar - 7.97 (2006), 8.1943 (2005), 8.2768 (2004), 8.277 (2003), 8.277

(2002)




   V.           Practical Analysis

         Accommodations

         The accommodations in Shanghai don’t seem to be the most comfortable. It will

definitely not be a Murray Hall. Even though sheets, pillows and comforter will be

provided, there is hot water for only 15 minutes. Before I got take showers during the

cold Chinese winter, I will have to turn the water heater an hour before I wake up, and

then enjoy only precious 15 minutes of hot water. This is really not a big deal.
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       The Alliance for Global Education web site is saying that we will have access to

heaters and air conditioners which seems great especially because of their cold winters.

Another great feature about our rooms is that we are going to have kitchens. We will be

able to cook and hopefully when I start missing some home made food that my aunt or

mom used to make I can just run to the store which is close to the location where we will

be living and just purchase some food.

       The facilities that we will be living at seem to be mostly for international students.

All the international students will be placed there. We will have a balcony with a view of

the Shanghai University of Finance and Economics. The accommodations are going to be

located really close to campus, probably walking distance which will be great because I

will not have a car over there.

       The main thing that will not be provided for us will be the towels.

       Airlines

       Not many airlines provide this flight to China, and no airlines provide a straight

flight from Dallas Forth Worth airport to China. A few airlines that have this flight are

American Airlines, United and China Eastern Airlines. I will be trying to do the group

flight. The tickets for that trip cost about $1060 dollars. I have been thinking about going

to China a week earlier. Alliance wants us to arrive at the university for the orientation

February 12th, but Chinese New Years starts on the 5th, and I believe that this will be such

a unique experience that I cannot miss to be there at for those celebrations.

       They want me to leave June 9th. Which sounds like a great plan for me, but

Beijing Olympics will start and I believe it will be a great career opportunity for me to
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volunteer for that event. This will be a huge event and to put in my resume that I helped

and participated in such an event is just amazing.

       Because no airlines offer Flights straight from DFW to China I will be flying to

Chicago first and then going to Pudong. Shanghai has two international airports,

Shanghai Hong Qiao International Airport (SHA) and Pudong International Airport

(PVG). Both of them are a taxi distance from my accommodations but landing in Pudong

will be closer.

       Upon my arrival I am going to take a taxi to my accommodations. I am going to

be staying in a hostel for a week before moving in to my provided accommodations. I

plan to have the address of the hostel written down in a piece of paper so I can attempt to

communicate to the taxi driver, but if I fail I can just hand it to him and he will take me to

the location.

       Communications

       I will be provided with a hard-line in my room along with a telephone. I will be

the one responsible for the charges of that phone and I am sure it will not be financially

wise for me to talk to my parents through that line. There are more affordable ways to

communicate with the U.S.A. and Brazil, like calling cards for example. Some of them

cost about two cents per minute. Another easy and cheap way to communicate with other

countries will be using Skype. This internet based system can be free if the other person

has Skype as well. Another interesting way to communicate for free is using Vonage.

Vonage is another internet system but it is used just like a regular phone. This system will

allow me to have an area code just like the one in Dallas and I will be speaking for free as

well with those who use Vonage as well.
Leandro Solera Pileggi
Page 25
        Internet service will be provided if I pay an extra fee. It is likely that I will be

paying that fee because internet is the easiest way that I communicate with my friends.

Also, many coffee houses around town offer wireless internet. They will be great for a

study break where I just have to get out and use the computer.

        It is most likely that I will be using Skype or Vonage. Both my parents in Brazil

and my aunt and uncle here in the United States use Vonage. This is a very easy system

to install and really reliable. Right now this is the way I communicate with my parents

that live in Brazil that’s why I plan to get that same system over there.

        Transportation Infrastructure

        I can not wait to go to China and ride my bicycle like one of them. I am really

excited about it and especially going to school riding one of those. I have been riding the

bicycle around over here at Texas Tech all my college career but riding the bicycle in

China will be a complete different experience.

        The metro is the easiest way to go around town. They are every where and are

very cheap. Busses as well are very efficient in Shanghai. First I have to learn how to

read the busses and metro map so I can start taking them. To go around the city they have

a plastic card that I can purchase and add money in it. That card can be used every time I

take a bus, metro, taxi, ferry or light-rail.

        The same card can be used to pay for long trips by bus, but I do not plan to make

many of those trips by bus. To make those long trips I intend to use the train which is a

faster and more reliable way to travel. Those train rides are quite cheap and usually they

are much more enjoyable than the buses.

        Weather
 Leandro Solera Pileggi
 Page 26
         The weather seems to be very predictable in China. I will not be face much rain

 which is great because that will allow me to see the city during the day or night without

 any worries of getting my camera wet. When I arrive in February the temperatures are

 going to be a little low. I might have to bring a heavy jacket so I can be ready walking to

 class during the cold months.

         China’s vast territory allows the climate to vary tremendously. Bellow is how

drastically the climate is going to change during the period that I will be in Shanghai.

            Average Data           Jan      Feb     Mar    Apr     May      June

            Average High ( C)      7/9      8/10    12/14 18/20 23/25       27/29

            Average Low ( C)       -1/1     0/2     4/6    9/11 14/16       19/21

            Rain (mm)              45/50 60/65 80/85 90/95 110/115 160/165



         Food

         This is going to be the most interesting factors about this entire trip. I was hoping

 to arrive in Shanghai and go around town to try some local food at Panda Express but I

 am sure they do not consider Panda Express local. Shanghai has many markets where

 they sell extremely fresh food, and by that I mean still alive.

         Most people freak out when I say that I will eat fried scorpions or drink snake

 blood when I get there, but what is so wrong about? If it was not good for their health to

 eat those types of food, China would not be the most populated country in the world. I

 can understand these type of dishes not being present in my daily eating habits, but

 grabbing a bite of a few bees or fresh snake meet once in a while would not be bad at all,
Leandro Solera Pileggi
Page 27
and believe or not probably something that I would miss when I would come back from

China.

         The place that I am staying has many options for me to eat around it or even in it,

but unfortunately my program does not offer a meal plan. I can still have many meals on

campus for a really for a little less than three dollars. Places outside campus a more

expensive, I will pay about five dollars to eat in a Chinese restaurant close to my

accommodations. If I start missing home too much and feel like eating some westerner

food I can easily find that in Shanghai but I will also pay a high price for them. Some

places sell bowls of noodles on small restaurants for just a dollar, I know this does not

sound very hygienic but I have to at least give it a try, and if my stomach is able to hold it

once, I am sure it will hold it a second time.

         In my accommodation I will also have a kitchen. I am hoping not to use it much

because I really want to have authentic Chinese food. I did not go all around the world to

cook. Once in a while I will be cooking a few dishes just because I miss home, but I will

always prefer to enjoy an authentic and extremely unique Chinese cuisine. If I decide to

cook I will need to purchase a pan, because none of those cooking materials are provided.

         It is going to be hard to find any similarities between Chinese and American food.

I am sure that not even the Chinese restaurants in America have authentic Chinese cuisine.

One great component of my westerner eating habits is steak. Brazilians just love a nice

steak with more steak and a little bit of rice and beans, and over here in America who

does not love to eat a nice a juicy Top Sirloin? This is going to be a habit that I will have

to leave behind. In china the price of steaks are really high, taking the prices of food that

contains it along with it.
Leandro Solera Pileggi
Page 28
        Food is going to be my biggest challenge when I am in China. I will have to be

really open minded about everything that I try. I just hope that my stomach is going to be

able to keep up with my open mind.

        Money

        The currency currently in use in China is the Renminbi. The translation of it is

people’s money, but this currency is mostly known over there as the Yuan. The Yuan’s

value that been appreciating along the years constantly in relation to the dollar.

        It is going to be very important that I organize my spending over there. I plan to

have a note book where I am going to save every receipt and write down every single

dollar that I spend. This is going to help me control how much money I have spent and

how much money I can still spend. I have been researching banks that I can deposit my

money over here in America and still use it in China without the fee for a change of

currency.

        Once I find the right bank for me over here in America I plan to check my bank

account constantly so I can be sure how much money I still have or don’t have. Visa and

MasterCard is widely used in Shanghai. I am hoping that I can pay for most of my

expenditures with my debit card. If not I will have to exchange currencies a lot. Many

banks in China offer the service of money exchange; the trick will be finding the one that

exchange it for a fair price.
Leandro Solera Pileggi
Page 29
       Resources:



       http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/china/gov/backgrnd.htm



       http://www.chinatravel.com/china-travel-guides/china-travel-handbook/about-

       china/china-religion.shtml



       http://www.travelchinaguide.com



       http://www.allianceglobaled.org/housing-and-meals.html



       https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ch.html



       http://finance.yahoo.com/q/bc?s=USDCNY=X&t=2y&l=on&z=m&q=l&c=

								
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