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Water Sanitation Project Proposal by qpk11734

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									              Zimbabwe



BUHERA INTEGRATED COMMUNITY WATER AND
           SANITATION PROJECT
                PROPOSAL




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List of Acronyms


AIDS               Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
DDF                District Development Fund
EHT                Environmental Health Technicians
GOZ                Government of Zimbabwe
HIV                Human Immune Deficiency Virus
IWS                Integrated Water and Sanitation
NGOs               Non governmental organizations
PLWHA              People living with HIV/AIDS
RDC                Rural District Council
TOT                Training of Trainers
VIP                Ventilated Improved Pit




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I. Background
Africare/Zimbabwe is requesting U$50,000.00 from African Wells Fund (AWF) for
leveraging the Buhera Integrated Community Water and Sanitation Project into the
organization’s current interventions in Buhera District. The water and sanitation
project will contribute immensely to Africare’s broad aim of improving access to
clean water through the rehabilitation of bore-holes to the rural community, where
children frequently bring their own water to school and health services are being
compromised by the wide-spread shortage of clean water. The spate of cholera cases
is re-surfacing in the district since February 2010and this is largely attributed to the
underlying challenge of poor access to clean water, which results in unhygienic living
conditions for the majority of the community.

The Buhera Integrated Water and Sanitation Project will be implemented over a
period of 9 months targeting 2,200 beneficiaries in 1 ward where Africare is already
implementing the Expanded Emergency Preparedness and Response Programme. This
is a cholera response project funded by UNICEF, reaching out to 230 890
beneficiaries in the district’s 33 administrative wards. The water and sanitation project
is expected to consolidate the achievements attained by the UNICEF funded project
through the provision of clean water and health education. The identified ward is
Nerutanga in Buhera North. It was selected based on its poor water points’
infrastructure that is either broken down or in urgent need of repairs, and the people
are experiencing untold suffering in their daily quest to access clean water.

The cholera epidemiological figures show that Buhera is one of the districts worst hit
by the cholera outbreak which ravaged the country since 2008. The crisis was
compounded by the deteriorating socio-economic situation that resulted in the
inability to repair existing water infrastructure and development of new ones by both
local authorities and the government departments mandated with water and sanitation.
A recent study carried out with the participation of the Ministry of Health and Child
Welfare (MoHCW) revealed that an estimated 50% of boreholes and wells in rural
areas are non-functional, while access to adequate sanitation in the targeted
geographical area is below 30%. Apparently, the rate of borehole breakdown is
exacerbated by the degree of pressure at the few existing water points being used for
both domestic purposes and livestock. This scenario has exposed the beneficiaries to
the serious risk of contracting water-borne diseases that include cholera.

While Africare has made rapid strides in improving communities’ access to safe
portable water elsewhere in the district in the last few months alone, the funding from
UNICEF will unfortunately not be adequate to rehabilitate water points in the
identified ward. With the award of the AWF grant, the organisation looks forward to
extending this critical service to Nerutanga ward to complement the non-food items
currently being distributed.

2. Problem Statement
Buhera is an entirely rural district with an estimated population of 228 9951 situated in
the eastern part of the country, in Manicaland Province. Buhera district lies in natural
agro-ecological regions IV and V it receives very little rainfall annually. The
inhabitants always endure numerous hardships as they are forced to travel long

1   CSO Report, 2002


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distances in order to access clean and safe water. The consecutive droughts
experienced from 2005 to 2007 resulted in pronounced lowering of groundwater
tables and therefore resulted in some sources of water drying up. The deteriorating
socio-economic situation exerted more pressure on the existing facilities thereby
increasing the frequency of breakdowns. Limited attention was consequently paid and
the non-availability of essential resources that include pump-minders repair kits as
well as spare parts for the boreholes directly affected the servicing of the water points.
This situation was further exacerbated by the loss of local skills within local
communities since the trained people migrated to centres of economic activity in
search of better livelihoods, leaving behind elderly people and children without both
the physical capability and the skills to carry out repair work.

Against the background of limited water and sanitation coverage, Buhera district
experienced the worst cholera impact in Zimbabwe that resulted in a startling
epidemiology. Cholera cases totalling 3,890 and 90 deaths were recorded over a
period of only nine months (August 2008 to April 2009)1. This high communal case
fatality rate is clear testimony to the low knowledge, practices and attitudes (KPAs)
with respect to water and sanitation obtaining in the targeted location.

While government, in partnership with humanitarian agencies, has carried out
significant work on development of rural water and sanitation since the 1980s, the
momentum has been lost. Nevertheless, as the economy shows signs of early recovery
and communities’ sedentary way of life resumes, there is scope for strengthening
local systems to ensure sustainability in water and sanitation provision. The budget
allocations for the water and sanitation sector have dwindled

3. Project Goal, Specific Objectives, Activities and Indicators
The overall goal of the project is to enhance the quality of life for 2,200 community
members in the Nerutanga ward of Buhera district through improved access to clean
portable water and improved sanitation and hygiene knowledge, practices and
attitudes. The above goal will be realised through three complementary objectives as
highlighted below.

3.1

       Specific Objective (SO) 1: Improved access by 2,200 beneficiaries to safe, clean
      and adequate water for domestic use through rehabilitation of 3 boreholes, and
      sinking 6 new deep wells.

The project will increase the number of people with access to clean, safe and adequate
water by deepening and equipping 6 deep wells and rehabilitating 3 boreholes in the
needy ward of Nerutanga in Buhera District. This will be done through community
participation in collaboration with the District Development Fund and the local
authority. Statistics provided by the District Development Fund show that Nerutanga
has more than 20 broken down water points. An assessment will be conducted to
identify water points that can be rehabilitated and possible sites for new deep wells.
Training will be extended to the local volunteer well sinkers. The well sinkers will be
compensated with USD$10 per meter sunk. In addition, the capacity of existing water

1
    World Health Organisation/Zimbabwe Epidemiological Bulletin, January 2010.


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point committees will be enhanced, while new ones will be established where the old
ones had become redundant, to ensure on time maintenance and governance of the
water points.

An assessment will be conducted to identify non-functional and malfunctioning water
points with good quality water. The District Development Fund will assist with water
quality testing. Training will be carried out for the maintenance teams which will
comprise of pump minders (6) who will undergo training in pump and well
maintenance and repair before assuming their duties.

3.1.2 Indicators
     Number of sensitization meetings held
     Number of wells sunk and commissioned
     Number of water point minders trained
     Number of households with access to safe and clean water

3.1.3 Expected Results
     1 sensitization meetings held with RDC, government departments, ward
       leadership and benefiting communities
     6 deep well deepened and fitted with water lifting devices and 3 boreholes
       rehabilitated
     2,200 households with access to clean, safe and permanent water source
     One baseline survey conducted


3.2

SO 2: Reduced water point breakdowns by at least 50% through formation and
capacity building of water point committees and provision of maintenance kits

To ensure continued functioning of both new and existing water points, a water
committee for each water point will be set-up or revitalized in cases where a
committee is already in place. These water committees will be responsible for
mobilization of local resources, usage of water, and mobilization of funds for repairs
and maintenance of water points among others. The communities will be responsible
for electing members of the committee. Women and PLWHA will be encouraged to
be members of these committees. The committees will be capacitated through training
on ownership and organizational skills such as leadership, decision-making and
budgeting. Africare, Ministry of Water and District Development Fund will facilitate
these trainings.

3.2.1 Indicators
     Number of water point committees established and trained
     % reduction in water point break down
     Number of maintenance kits replenished

3.2.2 Expected Results
- 2, 200 Nerutanga households have access to safe drinking water throughout the year.



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For these proposed strategies to succeed, consultative and awareness meetings will be
held with all relevant stakeholders and the beneficiaries before the project is
implemented. These meetings will be aimed at establishing the current situation, the
resources available from other partners, the roles and responsibilities of these partners
in project implementation, community preferences and development of participatory
impact indicators.

3.3.1

Objective 3: Improved households’ knowledge, attitudes and practices on sanitation,
health and hygiene.


The project will train 10 Participatory Health and Hygiene volunteers from the local
community, based on the UNICEF/Institute of Water and Sanitation volunteer toolkit.
Volunteers will in turn cascade the training to the rest of their constituents. They will
engage in house-to-house sanitation, health and hygiene awareness activities. Where
appropriate, they will engage the public at community gatherings and help propagate
information. School children will specifically be reached through sanitation, health
and hygiene clubs at Nerutanga primary and secondary schools. Volunteers will take
turns raising awareness at Nerutanga clinic, complementing the lean medical staff.

3.3.2 Indicators
    - % increase in knowledge on sanitation, health and hygiene.
    - % increase in practices on sanitation, health and hygiene.

3.3.3 Expected Result
- Enhanced knowledge and practice in sanitation, health and hygiene amongst the community
members in Gokwe South and Buhera districts.


4. Implementation Methodology
Africare will hire 1 Project Officer who will implement the project and provide
monthly progress reports and activity completion reports. This Project Officer will
report to the Health Programs Manager who will in turn report to the Officer in
Charge. Weekly and monthly reports will be compiled detailing implementation
progress. The community, other stakeholders and project implementers will carry out
regular monitoring and the logical framework approach will be used to monitor
project progress. Monitoring tools that are specific to each objective will be
developed and used to collect information. Process indicators as outlined in the
proposal will be used to monitor the project. All the monitoring and assessments will
use the participatory approach based on key informants, community discussions and
feedback from community members, council and water committees.

Before implementation of the project, an assessment will be carried out to ascertain
communities/villages that are most needy. In addition the baseline will also
investigate if the identified communities perceive the interventions as necessary.
Previous experience in the district of Gokwe shows that if a borehole is allocated in a
village where the beneficiaries do not perceive it as a requirement, the water point



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would be neglected. It is also necessary to assess the religious and traditional beliefs
of the people in the target communities in order to devise the most responsive
implementation strategy.

To ensure sustainability of the activities beyond the project, Africare would ensure
formation of water point committees and strengthening of the existing ones. The
water point committees would be trained and commissioned to coordinate activities
on maintaining water points. The water point committee will raise funds through
subscriptions from beneficiaries. The funds will be used in purchasing and
replenishing maintenance kits for the pumps. Africare did this during the previous
African Well Fund project and beneficiaries already have funds for maintenance of
borehole and deep well pumps. Where it is possible beneficiaries will be encouraged
to set up water related projects such as nutrition gardens and brick moulding. Such
projects would help in raising funds required for maintenance of boreholes and
thereby complementing subscriptions.

V. Africare Experience in the water sector and geographic area
Africare/Zimbabwe has been a major player in the water and sanitation sector in
Zimbabwe since 1980. Recently, Africare/Zimbabwe has successfully implemented
water and sanitation projects funded a host of partners that include UNICEF, the
African Wells Fund, USAID/OFDA and from individuals targeting communities in
Manicaland and Matabeleland provinces. In the last three years Africare successfully
implemented a water and sanitation project in four of thirty wards of Gokwe South
District. The project went a long way to alleviate the shortage of safe water and
sanitary facilities within the communities. The project increased the number of
reliable water points bringing a lot of relief who would sometimes queue for unsafe
water during night. Instead of the intended 2,000 beneficiaries the water points are
benefiting 6,500 people. The project has made a difference and has been applauded by
stakeholders for improving the communities’ quality of life in such a short pace of
time.

Africare/Zimbabwe is currently implementing a water and sanitation project in 16
wards of Buhera where the organization is scaling up prevention of cholera through
through participatory health and hygiene promotion (PHHP) and the rehabilitation of
40 boreholes.




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