Acne Vulgaris - Diagnosis and Treatment

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					What is Acne Vulgaris?

Acne vulgaris (or cystic acne) is a fairly common skin condition that results in
whiteheads, blackheads, and inflamed red bumps to develop. Technically known as
comedones , papules, pustules and nodules these growths are commonly called
pimples, spots or "zits."

Acne occurs most commonly in teenagers even continuing into the early twenties, but
it can happen at any age, even babies can get acne. In adolescence, acne is usually due
to an increase in testosterone, which affects both genders during puberty. Apart from
scarring, the main effects of acne are psychological, such as reduced self esteem,
which particularly in the teenage years can have a profound affect.

What causes Acne?

Your skin is covered in tiny holes called pores each of which contain an oil gland.
When these glands become overactive, as can happen during adolescence, the pores
become blocked and dirt, skin debris and bacteria can build up. This causes
blackheads, whiteheads or if inflammation occurs pimples.

Acne can occur because of hormonal changes related to menstruation, pregnancy or
the use of birth control pills. It can also be triggered by oily cosmetics or hair care
products. Certain drugs may also be responsible, for example testosterone, estrogen or
phenytoin. Even excessive humidity or sweating could cause an outbreak of acne.

Where does Acne usually occur?

Acne commonly occurs on the face, usually in the T zone – the forehead and down
the nose and the chin. It can also occur on the shoulders or the chest and even on the
trunk, legs and buttocks.

How to Treat Your Acne

Try to keep your skin as clean as possible. Wash twice a day with a cleanser that is
specifically designed formulated for getting rid of pimples or spots such as
Clearpores. Never leave makeup on overnight, and if possible go for extended periods
without makeup on at all to give your skin a chance to “breathe”.

Keep your hair clean too. Oil from your hair can cause outbreaks on your face, so
shampoo your hair regularly and keep it tied back off of your face.

It is VERY tempting to pick at or squeeze your blackheads or spots, but try not to –
you can quite easily infect your skin which will only make the situation worse.

Sitting in the sun for short periods of time can be helpful, but remember NOT to
overdo it as you risk sunburn or an increased risk of skin cancer.

Over the counter acne medications usually contain either benzoyl peroxide, sulfur or
salicylic acid. These products can be particularly helpful if your acne is severe. They
work by killing the bacteria and drying up the oil in the skin. These cleansers usually
take a few weeks to clear your acne, but the results can be excellent.

If you have tried over the counter acne treatments without success you could try
approaching your health practitioner for stronger acne treatments.

Antibiotics can sometimes help people with acne. These can be oral antibiotics (taken
by mouth) such as tetracycline, doxycycline, minocycline, erythromycin,
trimethoprim or amoxicillin. Or those that are applied to the skin (topical) such as
clindamycin, erythromycin, or dapsone.

There are also a range of prescription creams or gels that are applied to the skin:
Retinoic acid cream or gel (tretinoin, Retin-A), prescription formulas of benzoyl
peroxide, sulfur, resorcinol, or salicylic acid or topical azelaic acid. These
medications should only be used under the guidance of your general practitioner.

Laser Therapy For Acne

The latest treatment for acne involves the use of laser or light. These therapies treat
the deeper layers of skin without harming the skin's surface. Some of the laser
systems are intended to damage the oil (sebaceous) glands, which cause them to
produce less oil. There are other laser and light therapies that target the bacterium that
causes acne inflammation. These therapies also improve skin texture and can lessen
the appearance of scars. Although these treatments are expensive they are good
choices for people with both active acne and acne scars.

You can buy Clear Pores online – use it regularly to get rid of your acne and face the
world with clean, clear, glowing skin.

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