Dissertation Thesis

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					  Real Voice Reminder
An Interactive Application

  Qing Zhao ID: 09002247
   MA Interactive Media
     Dissertation Report
       7th May 2010

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                                             Table of Contents

1.0 Introduction⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯4
   1.1 Motivation⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯4
   1.2 Initial work⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯4
       1.2.1 Inspiration⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯4
       1.2.2 Other point of view⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯5
       1.2.3 Initial work surface drawing⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯5

2.0 The project⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯7
   2.1 What it it⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯7
   2.2 Why it is important⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯8
   2.3 Who it is for⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯8
   2.4 Where it should be used/When it would be needed⋯⋯⋯⋯8
   2.5 How it would be made⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯9
       2.5.1 Technology part⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯9
       2.5.2 Screenshot of operation/function of project⋯⋯⋯⋯10
   2.6 Process of design⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯11

3.0 Background Research⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯12
   3.1 Researches⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯12
   3.2 Record and share the recording files⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯13
   3.3 Related project⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯ 13
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      3.3.1 Traditional reminders⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯ 14
      3.3.2 Drive and Talk⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯14
      3.3.3 Example article⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯ 16
      3.3.4 Technology of mobile phones⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯ 17
      3.3.5 Apple application⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯17
 Voice/RingtoneRecorder⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯ 17
 SpeakEasy Voice Recorder⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯ 18
      3.3.6 Voicemail⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯ 19
      3.3.7 Chronopher⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯ 20
      3.3.8 Software of voice reminder⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯ 20

4.0 Conclusion⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯ 21
   4.1 Prototyping⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯ 21
   4.2 Further imagination⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯21
   4.3 Future plan⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯ 22


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                                                              1.0 Introduction

                                                                    1.1 Motivation

The motivation is from the necessary of reminding human beings of some certain

issues, the creation can be a real voice assistant during the busy society.

                                                                   1.2 Initial work

                                                                  1.2.1 Inspiration

The original idea comes from testers' commends. They were putting the specific

agenda in preparation, wrote some schedules in the article notes, left some

remind sketch painting on the fridge, front door and used to filled up on the

calendar hook on internet, all of these was because they wanted to remember

some issues, such as it was time to take medicine. However, testers said that, in

fact, sometimes they concentrated on doing one thing, even they saw the notes on

the paper but the note did not give them deep impression.

Another example should be mentioned was that there was a little boy, habitual

stay in bed, whatever his mother called him to get up, he never followed the

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order or got up too late. However, his idol is Optimus Prime, the main role of the

movie “TRANSFORMER”, so when his mother asked him if the Optimus Prime

asks you to get up, do you follow his word? He was very straightforward to say

that he would definitely get up immediately. Even no one do test it, but the story

illustrate some inspiration that maybe a specific sound, voice or a certain appeal

to the specific user may play different but better role, fulfill a better function.

                                                           1.2.2 Other point of view

Everything has a life, even if its just a still object, for this reason, if add a human

element, like the human voice (live sound) effects into the project may be

interesting. Imagine that if it has a live pronunciation, reminder on the schedule

will show some kind of psychological familiarity and intimacy, to replace the

original rigid object become a new one, which is filled with vivid effects.

                                                   1.2.3 Initial work surface drawing

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                         Figure 1 - Surface of initial work

This device has a rectangular shape body, divided into three parts: the time and

date, calendar and operating buttons. The storage of the device is depends on the

size of the memory.

First, user have to adjust the current time. At the top position is an indication of

the exactly time and the current date, which is the basis for the agenda setting

(Schedule is based on the user's own situation which is developed out of a

message board.)

SELECT key (Figure 2) is to select button, the main function is to make sure the

adjusted options. UP and DOWN key are the relative two buttons, is responsible

for the content of a specific operation key, the equivalent of up and down

operation. GO RIGHT key is making content to the right move.

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                          Figure 2 – Operation guide

X and V key is to control the RECORD option (Figure 3), when users press the

RECORD button, which has already begun recording devices, X key and V keys

were instructed whether to keep the recorded message.

                          Figure 3 – Recording guide

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                                                               2.0 The project

                                                                     2.1 What it is

The project is a kind of real voice reminder; name may call “Real Voice

Reminder”. This system will probably combine some relevant form of machine

and technology, such as an alarm clock, electronic notebook/notepad, calendar

and so on. The basic framework is based on Apple product packaging and the

function is under the alarm clock, notes, recording device and traditional


                                                         2.2 Why it is important

During this increasingly competitive society, people become increasingly busy

and busy; to remember all the things simultaneously in their brain become more

difficult. So the begin to choose the assistant to help them remember the staff or

select tool to remind them to do something. There are so many form of

memorandum, such as the notepad, alarm clock, calendar and traditional

secretary and so on. For this reason, this project can be assistance to user and

make life easier and full of fun.

                                                                 2.3 Who it is for

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There has a range of users, as long as they want things to note, need to

complement, need to urge them to do it. For example, students, people who need

medical issues, office workers who have to arrange a meeting, housewives,

disables and old people and so on.

                      2.4 Where it should be used/When it would be needed

Originally, this product designed as a kind of device, but after taking consider of

other suggestions, the idea has been changed, change the device into application

form would be better. For instance, it will be inconvenient to carry with the

device, but if it is an application, the problem will be solved; the reason is that

the application can be installed in mobile phones, MP3 or any other electronic

form; besides, these above items are portable and convenient to carry with

people. As everyone knows that the item like the above mentioned are very

popular in the daily life, things can show their best value if user put items in the

right place. This project is to assist user’s social life and the above mentioned

items are playing an increasingly important role in the social life. Therefore, if

the project can be designed as an application, it will show its better value and it

will be easier to remind our users at any time and at any place.

                                                       2.5 How it would be made

                                                            2.5.1 Technology part
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During the design and creating process, with the different teacher’s advice, the

current thinking is trying to put this idea inside the Apple products, so the basic

architecture is based on Apple product packaging. The biggest and difficult thing

during the design process of the project is about the language program issue. As a

developer of Apple product, the developer have to use the certain language

program, the name of this program is called “Objective-C”.

                        Figure 4 – Apple developer center

So, what is this? In the Apple official website, it shows that "The Objective-C

language is a simple computer language designed to enable sophisticated object-

oriented programming. Objective-C is defined as a small but powerful set of

extensions to the standard ANSI C language. Its additions to C are mostly based

on Smalltalk, one of the first object-oriented programming languages. Objective-

C is designed to give C full object-oriented programming capabilities, and to do

so in a simple and straightforward way."

                            2.5.2 Screenshot of operation/function of project

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Figure 5 – The basic framework is under the Apple product packaging

Figure 6 - To press the red button to record the voice

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Figure 7 - There shows a list of what the user have recorded, touch each of the

list, the project will open the file and show user the recording voice

                                                            2.6 Process of design

In the design process may use the following steps and all of these processes are

based on the User Centered Design.

First of all, doing some researches, such as interview, questionnaires and the

method like data collection. According to this research, collecting some user’s

feedback and know more about their current living conditions. Secondly, after

understanding the user’s psychological demands, doing the prototypes (From the

most basic paper prototype to start and constantly improve the functionality,

operation process, etc. Furthermore, updated the project gradually), then,

following a cycle process, do evaluation and feedback again.

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                            Figure 8 – Iteration design

The cycle process can be described as an iteration form, which is learned from the

“Foundation of Interactive Media” module.

                                                 3.0 Background Research

                                                                 3.1 Researches

During the research process, there are some questions and researches and that list


Do you have any problem of remind you to do the list?

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Compare with visual effect, auditory sense or touch feelings, which one can be

the give you a deep impression?

Does the project can be assistance in your life?

Do some investigation of who can be the specific users in this project.

Where to record and record for what?

Do research of the ring tone.

Ask some volunteers to set a voice ring tone and after a few days, interview them

and collect their personal views and feedbacks.

                                      3.2 Record and share the recording files

Share the voice files on the networking calendar.

Send a voice message.

Pre-record from each other.

Download from some free sound website for some special voice, such as the

sound from Disney, movies, etc.

                                                             3.3 Related Project

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The original idea of the project is combined lots of conception of existing work

that show as below:

                                                    3.3.1 Traditional reminders

Some traditional but essential work in the past should be first mentioned, such as

the paper calendar, alarm clock, notepad/notebook or recording pen. All of these

items was playing important role in human beings life, user need these to record

some staff, to note some “ToDo list”...

                                                           3.3.2 Drive and Talk

Dico is developed using the dialogue system GoDiS , GoDiS is an experimental

dialogue system. A technique has been developed to transform GUI (Graphical

User Interface) menus into VUI (Voice User Interface) dialogues, in order to be

able to maintain an existing menu structure. This technique shows how to

translate multi-choice lists into alternative questions and pop-up messages into

actions that inform the user about something.

The novice user can let the system take charge and navigate through the menu

structure by answering questions one by one:

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S: What do you want to do? Make a call, go to the phone book, the settings or the

helper or do you want to change domain?

U: Make a call

S: Ok, let’s see. Who do you want to call?

U: Lisa.

S: Cell phone number is available. Home number is available. Which number do

you want to call?

U: Home number.

S: Ok, calling Lisa’s home number.

The experienced user does not have to follow the menu structure, instead it is

possible to give all the information in one single utterance, and thus speed up the


S: What do you want to do?

U: Call Lisa’s home number, please.

S: Ok, calling Lisa’s home number.

                                                           3.3.3 Example article
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This article just talking about how to set a voice as a ringtone. The author gave a

some steps of how to deal with this function.

While navigating options for cell phone, select the voice memo or sound recorder

function. Record the voice user would like to hear as a ringtone. For example,

user can ask their child to say: "Dad, it's ringing!" As for user's cat or dog, it

might be a bit more challenging to get them to participate in their voice ringtone

experiment. Try to talk to the cat, some of them like to respond. Once recorded,

the audio clip will be stored in a folder which varies depending on the phone


                                             3.3.4 Technology of mobile phones

Nowadays, mobile phone company also hold some functionality competition,

they all want get the high reputation and win the game in the intensive market,

design of mobile phone spread their mind, create more useful, flexibility,

creativity and full of humanity function into the mobile phones.

Voice records and apply them as ringtones in the Motorola RAZR V3. Chose the

Options menu, then, choose option #1 here and you should be able to have your

voce recording as a free ringtone for your RAZR.

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  Figure 9 – Option menu      Figure 10 – Record file Figure 11 – Set as ringtone

In addition, the AD from BlackBerry company shows that “Let your BlackBerry

smartphone sing when it rings! Turn voice notes into specialized ring tones, or

download pre-existing ring tones.”

                                                          3.3.5 Apple Application

The project of this thesis is design for the Apple product, so the existing

information of Apple product will give more better idea and more comparison,

references during the design process.

                                         Voice/Ringtone Recorder

Help record anything and make it audio file or ringtone for your iPhone.

unlimited time of audio and can export audio file to mail.

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                         Figure 12 – Voice/Ringtone Recorder

                                    SpeakEasy Voice Recorder

This voice recorder shows so many merits:

Well spoken, which can give user a recoding studio that fits their pocket.

Ringtones, which can simply record the personalized message but less than forty

seconds into ringtone.

Speak your mind, which can easily create quick reminders for things you might

otherwise forget. And SpeakEasy will quickly give user recording a title and save


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                      Figure 13 – SpeakEasy Voice Recorder

Picture this, which is a very good idea that making an important recording with

picture attachment feature. Take a picture to go along with recording, or just

choose one from photo library.

As the AD of this application said "SpeakEasy Voice Recorder is definitely the

most polished and professional-looking option among all of the voice recorders

that we reviewed, offering more advanced voice recording capabilities within a

very attractive user interface."

                                                                 3.3.6 Voicemail

Voicemail (or voice mail, voice-mail, voicemail or VMS, sometimes called

message bank) is a centralized system of managing telephone messages for a

large group of people, to assist users when they are not available.The term is also

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used more broadly, to denote any system of conveying voice message, including

the answering machine.

                                 Figure 14 – Voicemail

                                                               3.3.7 Chronopher

The chronopher can be described as a time reminder. Especially for some specific

user, such as cooking staff with housewives, doing some experiment with

chemistries or anyone who need the reminder of the exactly time alarm. User can

set a time ahead of time, and then adjust it for when to remind, so, user do not

need to stand and wait for the end of the process.
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                                                 3.3.8 Software of voice reminder

This is based on the calendar.

                         Figure 15 – Reminder and alarm

Add to the task bar clock the customization, recordable time announcements,

images, calendar, forthcoming events list, daily time sheets, quick text/voice note

taking and converting to tasks, appointments and to-do items that reminds about

themselves in the ever-new-color scrollable window with specialized alarms and

reminders. It's for those who are pressed for time. Work in comfort and let Your

Voice Reminder to bother about your time and schedule. Hear the time

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announcements with your friend voice and see her/his pop-up image near the


                                                               4.0 Conclusion

                                                                   4.1 Prototyping

The prototyping is divided into three level-fidelity parts:

Low-fidelity prototyping will quickly show the outline of the project, maybe

some Paper work, storyboarding or sketching. But only some overall features of

the project are represented. Medium-fidelity prototyping may be testing some of

the project’s features in detail, such as some operation, functionality, all under

some specific technology, like program. High-fidelity prototyping is more time-

consuming. However, the project in this stage is close to its final release. For

example, video prototype.

                                                          4.2 Further imagination

With this device, people can make every possible voice in the recording system,

recording the content in a variety languages, different ethnic, family members,

friends, colleagues, puppy or kitten, etc, the family's message gives a warm,

friend's message gives courage, colleague’s to urge and the message from the

puppy's gives love and affection and so on.

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One more further imagination, using a special smelling to remind users. For

example, some related thinking is that user can smell different smell from the

flower selling website, perfume website or food order website/menu. So, why

shall designers create some application or device to release its specific smell to

abstract the attention of users, it would be more creativity and interesting.

                                                                   4.3 Future plan

People create the great development of technology is because people want to

make more convenient and better quality of life, and help people enhance the

work efficiency, so hopefully this project will bring some certain help to users,

bring convenience to the social life, giving people more fun during the social

connecting, making machine interactively, filling with the sense of humanity,

getting closer with human beings, because many people complained that the

development of science and technology obstruct the communication of people

with each other.

For the future schedule of the project, there is so many work to do:

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Figure 16 – Gantt chart

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Luigina Ciolfi(2009)'DesignProcess', CS6021, Foundation of Interactive Media,
University of Limerick.

ple.com/iphone/library/referencelibrary/GettingStarted/Creating_an_iPhone_App/index.html   [accessed 15
April 2010]

Jessica V, DICO: Drive and Talk: TrindiKit/DICO/Future Work, Göteborg university.

Julie A. J, Constantine S, Don H,Human-computer interaction: theory and practice,
Volume 2, GoogleBooks, available: http://books.google.com/books[accessed 20 April 2010]

PhoneRated 'How to use the voice of your child, cat or dog as a free voice ringtone',
available: http://www.phonerated.com/a-mobile-free-voice-ringtone-with-child-cat-or-dog.php
[accessed 1 May 2010]

_records_be_used_as_free_ringtones.html[accessed    28 April 2010]

ceringtone-recorder   [accessed 15 April 2010]

ZARBOO'SpeakEasyVoiceRecorder', available: http://www.zarboo.com/speakeasy.html
[accessed 15 April 2010]
Wikipedia (2008)'Voicemail', available: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voicemail [accessed 5
May 2010]

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LISISOFT(2008)'YourVoiceReminder', available: http://www.lisisoft.com/free-download-
version/152184-your-voice-reminder.html   [accessed 18 April 2010]

Luigina Ciolfi(2009)'Prototyping', CS6021, Foundation of Interactive Media,
University of Limerick.

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