ARAB TIMES, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 2011
Europe gears up for fight over border controls
EU proposes curbs on passport-free travel
BRUSSELS, Sept 16, (Agencies): But the Commission’s plan is likely to making unilateral decisions. in 1985. Critics point to Greece in particular, Commission and other governments to
European Union states could see border meet heavy resistance from many capi- “With these proposals, we are safe- However, France and Denmark largely because of persistent surveillance continue controls.
checks with their neighbours restored in tals, given national sovereignty issues, guarding the future of Schengen,” the EU sparked controversy this year by setting problems on its border with Turkey. Countries that want to tighten border
the future if they persistently fail to pro- and fuel heated debate over the limits of commissioner in charge of home affairs, up border points, although Copenhagen, The Commission said that under its controls ahead of expected events such as
tect the EU’s external frontier, legislative free movement of people, one of the cor- Cecilia Malmstrom, said in a statement. unlike Paris, said its checks were meant proposals, EU states could temporarily the soccer World Cup would have to seek
proposals by the EU executive showed on nerstones of European integration. “Our proposals will introduce a to stop crime, not illegal migration. reintroduce border checks as a last resort, prior permission.
Friday. The plan proposes taking away deci- European decision-making system which Debates if a country repeatedly failed to improve Meanwhile, plans to admit two more
The plans unveiled by the European sion-making from national governments will reinforce trust among member states controls despite EU assistance. EU countries — Romania and Bulgaria
Commission propose new rules on con- and giving more say over travel curbs to and will make the Schengen area better Debates across Europe over immigra- “The new mechanism would play a — to the Schengen visa-free zone hit a
ducting border controls in the EU’s pass- the executive and EU states as a group, an equipped to cope with future chal- tion and border controls intensified this more decisive role, ensuring that this snag Friday when Dutch Immigration
port-free Schengen zone to address idea already rejected by France, Germany lenges.” year when popular revolts in Tunisia and ‘ultimate sanction’ will encourage mem- Minister Gerd Leers said his country
mounting concern in parts of Europe over and Spain. Citizens of all of the 27 EU states are Egypt and a civil war in Libya fanned ber states to fully comply with their obli- plans to block their entry. Approval of
illegal immigration, notably from North generally allowed to travel freely concerns hundreds of thousands of illegal gation under the Schengen rules,” the new Schengen countries must be unani-
Africa Right throughout the bloc. Twenty-two EU workers could seek refuge and jobs in Commission said. mous.
Several EU governments have lobbied The Commission has argued its plan, states and three other countries have gone Europe. Other proposals allow a state to rein- “The trust isn’t there,” said Leers’
to make it easier to curb unrestricted trav- which would have to be approved by EU further, eliminating controls between No more than 30,000 ended up reach- troduce border controls for several days spokeswoman, Elaine de Boer. She said
el in Europe and reinstate internal fron- states and the European parliament, will then entirely under the Schengen agree- ing European shores, mostly Italy’s, but in unforeseen circumstances, such as ter- Leers “wants to see more work in the
tiers abandoned in most of the bloc in the protect the right of Europeans to travel ment, named after a village in concerns that borderless travel facilitates rorist attacks. After that, a government fight against corruption” in both coun-
last two decades. freely by preventing governments from Luxembourg where the pact was signed illegal immigration remained. would need approval from the tries.
as Western nations pledge to stand by long-term solutions,” police said, adding
Protesters urge Libya’s rebels as they build up their gov- that “all the conditions have been met for
ernment after overthrowing Gaddafi. there to no longer be prayers in
Continued from Page 1 “The president will have the opportu- Marseille’s streets.”
nity to congratulate chairman Jalil on the
resign, parliament dissolved and popular success of the Libyan people of ending
elections held for the selection of the the Gaddafi regime,” said Ben Rhodes, a Klum most
prime minister and the National deputy US national security advisor.
Assembly. “He will be able to express US support Continued from Page 1
A youth activist Hamad Al-Olyan in an for a post-Gaddafi transition in Libya and
interview said too much money is being “While slightly safer than last year,
discuss the (NTC’s) plans for a post searching for top celebrities continues to
wasted with no new development taking Gaddafi transition.”
place in Kuwait. He alleged that monies generate risky results,” said Paula Greve,
Obama will then take place in a high- director of Web security research at
are being dished out to MPs by the prime level international and multilateral meet-
minister as bribe for their support for his McAfee.
ing on Libya hosted by United Nations “Consumers should be particularly
continued stay in power, adding that Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, Rhodes
those monies could have been put to bet- aware of malicious content hiding in
said. ‘tiny’ places likes shortened URLs that
ter use in the expansion of healthcare and “This will involve many leaders who
education for the people, as those sectors- can spread virally in social networking
will express their support for Libya,” sites, or through e-mails and text mes-
education and health have not seen any Rhodes said.
new development in a long time. “So we sages.”
The Libyan visit of David Cameron Making news headlines does not seem
want the prime minister to resign imme- and Nicolas Sarkozy marked the start of
diately and be replaced by someone else, to be a factor. Charlie Sheen was ranked
the “colonisation” of the oil-rich country, 59 in the 2011 list, despite his acrimo-
but our ultimate aim is to have that posi- Gaddafi’s spokesman Mussa Ibrahim
tion elected by the people of Kuwait”. nious departure from television show
warned on the Arrai television channel. “Two and A Half Men,” and Lindsay
There were others among the protest- The British prime minister and French
ers like Khalid Al-Mulaifi, who apart Lohan was 18th despite being in an out of
president, whose forces spearheaded the court and jail again this year.
from the common demand they all held NATO air war that helped to topple
calling for the dissolution of parliament The five most dangerous celebrities in
Gaddafi, were hailed as heroes during cyberspace, according to McAfee are:
and government, demanded an equal their visit on Thursday to Tripoli and the
share of the national cake for all citizens 1. Heidi Klum
eastern city of Benghazi. 2. Cameron Diaz
as well as hold to account those found to But Ibrahim, in a telephone call to the An image grab from footage uploaded on YouTube shows a what pro-reform activists said was a protest against President
be plundering the national wealth. Bashar al-Assad in the Damascus suburb of Douma on Sept 16, under the slogan ‘we advance toward the fall of the 3. Piers Morgan
Syria-based Arrai late on Thursday, 4. Jessica Biel
Ummu Abdullah was worried about charged that their joint mission had ulte- regime’. (AFP)
5. Katherine Heigl
the health minister getting his priorities rior motives.
misplaced, when he sanctioned the evac- “The visit marks the start of a project ties) can go back to stopping people and “I believe that the shortest path for sta- cessfully to have Defense Minister Ehud
uation of wounded foreigners into
Kuwait to be flown out to Europe for
of colonisation of Libya,” he said.
“They are hurrying to collect the fruits
searching them for no reason. It gives bility can be reached if the king takes a Barak arrested during a visit to Britain. ‘Anti-nausea drug’
medical attention at the state’s expense. of the fall of Tripoli... because they obvi- them a free rein. We had this for 30 brave decision to drive the kingdom “We are glad that Britain has made the
Another issue she complained about was ously fear the arrival of America and years,” he told AFP. (towards) tolerance and real political right choice,” said Israeli Foreign Continued from Page 1
the alleged stagnation in development in other countries wanting a slice of the On Thursday, Egyptian cyber-activist reform,” Matar said. Ministry spokeswoman Ilana Stein.
Wael Ghonim called for a clear roadmap Security forces in the archipelago were However, she did not comment on could prolong a patient’s QT interval, a
the country, citing the inadequate hospi- cake,” he said, without disclosing where measure of heart rhythm. The results of
tals as well as one university serving the he was phoning from. in an open letter to military ruler Field aided in the March crackdown on mostly whether Israeli officials would now
Marshal Hussein Tantawi, the head of Shiite protesters after being backed by resume trips to London. the study are expected in summer of
entire country. “It’s a shame that Guinea-Bissau President Malam Bacai 2012.
Kuwaitis are suffering from chronic ill- Sanha on Friday distanced himself from SCAF and Mubarak’s long-time defence troops with tanks from neighbouring Some human rights attorneys, howev-
minister. Sunni monarchies. er, disagreed with the change, saying it In the meanwhile, the FDA said it was
nesses without any proper healthcare in an offer by his prime minister to host making interim changes to the drug’s
place”, she said. ousted Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi “After weeks and months, the mode of Authorities said 24 people were killed could keep real criminals from seeing
governance in our nation has not funda- in the unrest, including four policemen. labels to include a warning that Zofran be
The protesters, whose attempt to take in the west African nation. justice. avoided in patients with congenital long
“The presidency is concerned by the mentally changed and the excuse has The opposition put the toll at 30. “This marks a backward, nervous step
their march to the street got thwarted by the QT syndrome.
strong security presence, dispersed with a prime minister’s declaration and espe- been ‘stability’,” he said in the letter pub- Yemen by the UK, which is reluctant to bring
lished on Facebook. Thousands of protesters took to the tyrants and torturers to justice if it suits See Also Pages 33 & 34
decision to meet again at a later date. cially the interpretation of it. The presi-
dency is not going in the same direction He called on the council to “quickly streets of Yemen Friday demanding the the government to sell them arms or to
See Also Page 5
as this declaration,” said a statement.
“The presidency is available to intensi-
announce specific dates for the process of
transferring complete power from the
resignation of the president, a day after
the US State Department said it hoped a
turn a blind eye to their human rights vio-
lations,” said Geoffrey Robertson, who as
SCAF to an elected civilian authority that power transfer deal could be signed with-
Twenty killed fy dialogue with Libya’s new authorities
in a manner which will keep bilateral would control everything in the nation.” in a week.
a UN appeals judge delivered key deci-
sions on war crimes. Continued from Page 1
relations healthy and cement ties of fra- The tension between activists and the President Ali Abdullah Saleh has been “The change in the law has nothing to the process of transcription, in which cells
Continued from Page 1 ternity and kinship which unite the ruling military has been building up in hanging on to his post despite local, do — as the UK claims — with insuring copy the DNA of genes into RNA, ultimate-
said adding that Erdogan’s government Libyan and Bissau-Guinean people.” recent months, marked by protests, clash- regional and international pressure to that cases proceed on solid evidence. No ly leading to the manufacture of proteins,
had been a close partner of Washington Prime Minister Carlos Gomes Junior es and general unrest. leave office. Al-Qaeda linked militants district court judge would issue an arrest they said.
during the regional political turmoil said Saturday that Gaddafi would be wel- On Thursday, Amnesty International have been taking advantage of the tur- warrant lightly.” Transcription must be tightly controlled
comed “with open arms” if he sought slammed the recent expansion of the moil to overrun parts of southern Yemen. Although universal jurisdiction is a because otherwise the cells can die or grow
sparked by the Arab Spring. and multiply without restraint, as seen in
“I anticipate the two leaders will talk exile in Guinea-Bissau, a message he has emergency law as a “serious erosion of Saleh has come close to signing the concept in international law, British
human rights.” Gulf Cooperation Council’s power trans- certain human diseases including cancer.
about events in Syria where we share repeated several times in recent weeks. judges have been more open to the con- (KUNA)
great concerns with the Turks about the “The Libyan guide Muammar Gaddafi “The military authorities have essen- fer proposal several times, only to back cept than those in other countries.
deserves all the respect of our govern- tially taken Egypt’s laws back to the bad out at the last minute. It offers him and ❑ ❑ ❑
actions of President Assad,” Rhodes said. Spain and Britain jointly pioneered the
France welcomed the formation of a ment who will host him with open arms. old days,” said Philip Luther, Amnesty’s his family immunity from prosecution universal jurisdiction concept when, in PARIS: Iranian drama “A Separation”,
Syrian National Council by activists He will be welcome in our country, if he Deputy Director for the Middle East and over the deaths of protesters in exchange which won top prize at the Berlin Film
1998, Britain executed a Spanish arrest
working to bring down President Bashar needs exile in our country,” Gomes North Africa. for leaving office. Festival, has been chosen to represent Iran
warrant for former Chilean dictator
al Assad, the foreign ministry said on Junior told independent Radio Bahrain Saleh has been in Saudi Arabia since Augusto Pinochet on torture claims. at the US Oscars despite opposition from
Friday, noting French officials met this Bombolom. early June, when he was seriously Pinochet was kept under house arrest in Tehran, its French distributor said Friday.
Bahraini security forces fired tear-gas, Directed by Asghar Farhadi, the movie
week in Paris with Syrian opposition Egypt rubber bullets and stun grenades Friday wounded in an attack on his compound in London until he was ruled physically and
members. Sanaa. On Friday a Saudi official said he tells the story of a crumbling marriage and
Hundreds of people gathered in Cairo’s to disperse thousands of mourners at the mentally unfit to stand trial and released looks at the conflict between strict religious
Foreign Ministry spokesman Bernard funeral of a man who died after he him- will not return to Yemen. in 2000. When he was arrested, however,
Tahrir Square Friday to protest against While that could be an indication that observance and the shifting values of Iran’s
Valero said that Paris, which was instru- self was tear-gassed, a Shiite politician Pinochet was no longer head of state. educated urban elite. (AFP)
mental in getting the West’s backing for the recent expansion of the emergency he will agree to leave office, the official,
law, amid palpable anger over the mili- said. ❑ ❑ ❑
Libya’s rebel uprising, was “developing who spoke on condition of anonymity
its contacts” with the Syrian opposition tary’s handling of transition from auto-
“Security forces used tear-gas, rubber
bullets and stun grenades to disperse the because he was not authorized to release Paris takes BERLIN: The union representing German
as it ramps up pressure on Assad’s gov- demonstrators while the majority of them the information, said that in his conversa- air traffic controllers has rejected an arbitra-
ernment. Protesters waved flags and chanted “no tions with Saleh, the president expressed tor’s proposal to end a long-running pay
to the emergency law” in what was the were trying to leave at the end of the Continued from Page 1 dispute that nearly led to strikes last month.
Separately, a secular Syrian opposition funeral,” said Matar Matar, a senior discontent with the Gulf Cooperation
movement is holding a conference in epicentre of rallies that toppled the Council’s proposed deal. Saleh, accord- burqa and earlier this week Interior But the GdF said Friday that it’s prepared
regime of president Hosni Mubarak in member of Al-Wefaq, Bahrain’s largest Minister Claude Gueant warned that to continue talking to employers, and didn’t
Paris on Saturday and Sunday with Shiite opposition formation. ing to the official, felt that Saudi Arabia
activists, academics and writers to dis- February. cheated him by backing the accord fol- “from September 16 there will be no immediately threaten new walkouts.
Last week the ruling Supreme Council Tens of thousands of Bahrainis, he more prayers in the street.” It didn’t give details of the arbitrator’s
cuss the uprising. said, were at the funeral of Jawad lowing pressure from the United States.
of the Armed Forces (SCAF) widened the The official said he met Saleh at the “If anyone happens to be recalcitrant proposal but said it wouldn’t accept it “in its
Libya scope of the emergency law — restricted Marhun, a 36-year-old who died late we will put an end to it,” Gueant said, current form.” The national air traffic con-
Wednesday from what Al-Wefaq said was palace where he is residing in Riyadh and trol authority had accepted the plan. (AP)
Fighters loyal to Libya’s new leaders in 2010 by Mubarak to narcotics and ter- that the president was with a number of suggesting police could be brought in.
on Friday thrust deep into the city of Sirte rorism — to include strikes, traffic dis- “excessive exposure to tear-gas from a “Prayers in the street are unacceptable, ❑ ❑ ❑
canister tossed into his parents home on his children. He said the luxurious palace
and into desert oasis Bani Walid, two of ruption and the spreading of rumours. offered to Saleh by Saudi leaders is meant a direct attack on the principle of secular- MINSK: One of the two defendants on trial
fugitive Muammar Gaddafi’s few Imam Gomaa Mohammed, delivering Sept 10.” ism,” Gueant told AFP last month, citing
The government of Sunni-ruled to show the extent to which they want for the Minsk metro bombing revoked his
remaining bastions, AFP reporters said. the Muslim noon prayer sermon, called him to remain in the kingdom. the government’s defence of the repub- initial confession Friday, saying he had
Erdogan was in Tripoli, boosting inter- on the authorities to repeal the law imme- Bahrain, which crushed a month of lic’s secular values as reason for the new delivered it under police pressure, in testi-
Shiite-led democracy protests in mid- The US issued a statement late
national support for the National diately and also to end the military trial of Thursday that indicated arrangements for policies. mony ignored by state media.
Transitional Council (NTC) a day after civilians. March, said Marhun had died from “acute In Paris, a former barracks just north of A Minsk court this week opened the trial
respiratory” problems as a result of sick- him to resign could be nearly complete.
Britain’s David Cameron and France’s “The application of the emergency law “The United States believes that these the city limits has been designated the of two 25-year-old men accused of staging
Nicolas Sarkozy became the first foreign totally contradicts the demands of the le cell disease. new prayer area for those living in the an April metro bombing attack that killed 15
In April, the government said two other remaining tasks can and should be
leaders to visit the new Libya. revolution” that toppled Mubarak follow- accomplished quickly and it hopes that an multi-ethnic Goutte d’Or neighbourhood, people and injured several hundred near the
Columns of NTC fighters backed by ing 18 days of mass nationwide rallies, activists died from the blood disorder around 2 kms (over a mile) away. offices of veteran President Alexander
while in custody. agreement is reached and the signing of Lukashenko. (AFP)
tanks launched the assault late morning Mohammed said. the GCC Initiative takes place within one The praying faithful at the Goutte
on Sirte, Gaddafi’s hometown 360 kms He urged the military council to “abol- “Sooner or later, the people will d’Or’s two mosques have overflowed ❑ ❑ ❑
achieve victory,” the mourners chanted in week,” said the State Department in a
(225 miles) west of Tripoli, after a first ish (the law) and to apply civil law to all statement. Opponents of the president into the streets since a nearby mosque PARIS: Former IMF chief Dominique
attack on Thursday was repulsed by loy- citizens without exception.” the Shiite village of Sitra, according to where 4,000 people could pray closed
Matar. kept up their pressure Friday. Strauss-Kahn told police he made a pass at
alists, who set up sniper nests on Mohammed called for “an end to the years ago, sparking the ire of French a young author in 2003 but denied her claim
rooftops. military trials of civilians” and demanded “He is the second victim within about right-wing and anti-immigration parties. that he tried to rape her, a source close to the
An AFP reporter witnessed heavy
fighting at the airport and two kilometres
a retrial of all those sentenced by military
courts. A number of rights groups put that
two weeks in Sitra,” said the former
member of parliament.
Britain limits law The neighbourhood’s mosques are to
be closed for at least the coming three
inquiry told AFP on Friday.
The 62-year-old Socialist politician, who
(about a mile) southeast of the city centre, figure at more than 10,000. “In general, the tension in Bahrain is Fridays in order to encourage those want- returned to France this month after the col-
with NTC forces firing anti-aircraft guns Echoing demands by youth groups that increasing and the government is still Continued from Page 1 ing to pray to go to the renovated bar- lapse of another rape investigation against
and heavy cannon within the city limits helped launch the uprising, Mohammed using excessive force against the demon- Under the new amendment ratified racks, one of the mosques’ preachers, him in New York, was interviewed by
and Gaddafi forces responding with urged authorities to lay out a “clear strators and ignoring the demand for real Thursday, private citizens can still pursue Sheikh Mohammed Hamza, told AFP. French police on Tuesday over the allega-
sniper fire and Grad rockets. timetable for legislative and presidential dialogue that would lead to major politi- arrest warrants, but the government’s The barracks has two 750- and 600- tions. (AFP)
Senior military commander Salem elections,” stressing that “security and cal reforms.” chief prosecutor must approve them. square-metre (8,000 and 6,500 square ❑ ❑ ❑
Jear, also a member of Misrata Military stability will only return to the country On Aug 31, Ali Jawad Ahmed al- Justice Secretary Kenneth Clarke said the feet) rooms for prayers pending the con-
after elections.” Sheikh, 14, died in the Shiite village of change will ensure that “the balance is struction of a new 4,000-square-metre
BERLIN: Berlin police are investigating
Council, told AFP that NTC forces were the story of an English-speaking teenager
nearing the centre of Sirte. An AFP correspondent said that about Sitra during a protest after prayers com- struck between ensuring those who are 30-million-euro Institute for Islamic who appeared in the German capital last
“We are advancing in from the west 1,000 people were gathered in Tahrir memorating the beginning of the Muslim accused of such heinous crimes do not Cultures set for 2013. week saying he had lived the previous five
and the south towards the city centre,” he Square by late afternoon. holiday of Eid al-Fitr. escape justice and that universal jurisdic- The temporary prayer site can hold years in the woods with his father, a
said by telephone. “Our forces retreated “The emergency law takes us back to The opposition said Sheikh was fatally tion cases are only proceeded with on the around 2,700 people, police said. spokesman said Friday.
strategically during the night but are now the style of the old regime,” said one pro- wounded when he was struck in the face basis of solid evidence.” Authorities in the southern city of Michael Maass said the approximately
speeding towards the centre and some tester, carrying his young son on his by a tear-gas canister fired by security In the past, attempts have been made to Marseille on Thursday said they too 17-year-old boy appeared Sept. 5 at Berlin’s
have already entered.” shoulders. forces. obtain warrants to arrest visiting foreign would provide a 1,000-square-metre city hall and was then taken in by a youth
Field commander Hadi Saleq of the He said he feared the military would The government said the teenager died dignitaries such as Henry Kissinger, building for Friday prayers. emergency center. (AP)
Karama (Generosity) Brigade, who has keep finding reasons or justifications to of trauma after suffering a blow from a Chinese Trade Minister Bo Xilai and “Most of the organisations running ❑ ❑ ❑
160 men under his command and who remain in power, either directly, or by blunt object to the back of the neck that Tzipi Livni, former foreign minister and mosques managed to find solutions
himself has roots in Sirte, reported skir- getting one of their ranks elected as pres- could not have been caused by a rubber now leader of the opposition in Israel. allowing them to avoid this kind of prac- TOKYO: A strong 6.6-magnitude undersea
bullet or tear-gas. earthquake hit off the eastern coast of
mishes on three fronts. ident. The threat of arrest has strained diplo- tice (praying in the street),” Marseille Japan’s main Honshu island Saturday, not
Obama will meet Libya’s interim Abdullah Mohammed, a young pro- The deaths come ahead of parliamen- matic relations between Britain and police said. far from the area devastated by a huge
leader, Mustafa Abdel Jalil, on the side- tester from the working class neighbour- tary elections scheduled for Sept 24. Israel. But with this change a thorn in “However, a small number of them quake and tsunami in March, US geologists
lines of the UN General Assembly in hood of Shubra Masr, said the revolution The opposition has already boycotted their relations has been removed. don’t seem to be able to deal with the said.
New York on Tuesday, the White House that toppled Mubarak had demanded the polls and wants democratic reforms in Last year, both Deputy Israeli Prime influx of the faithful into their too-small But there were no immediate reports of
said Friday. “bread, freedom and social justice” and the Gulf kingdom where a Sunni monar- Minister Dan Meridor and Livni canceled premises.” damage or casualties from the early-morn-
The meeting with the leader of the vowed not to accept anything less. chy has ruled over a majority Shiite pop- trips to Britain, fearing arrest. While in “This provision is temporary and ing quake, and no widespread tsunami
National Transitional Council will come “This emergency law means (authori- ulation for decades. 2009, Palestinian activists tried unsuc- should allow the organisations to find warning. (AFP)