9408sl-9300m-MgmtConfig-Jun2005-59906030-TOC

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					                                                                                                                                    Contents





Organization of Product Documentation............................................. xxv


Chapter 1

Getting Started ........................................................................................ 1-1

Introduction ...............................................................................................................................................1-1

Software Versions Covered ......................................................................................................................1-1

Audience ...................................................................................................................................................1-1

Conventions ..............................................................................................................................................1-1

Terminology ..............................................................................................................................................1-2

Support and Warranty Information ...........................................................................................................1-2

Related Publications .................................................................................................................................1-2


Chapter 2

Configuring Quality of Service .............................................................. 2-1

The Queues .............................................................................................................................................2-1

    Automatic Queue Mapping for IP Type Of Service (TOS) Values .....................................................2-2

Queuing Methods .....................................................................................................................................2-2

    Selecting the Queuing Method ...........................................................................................................2-3

    Configuring the Queues .....................................................................................................................2-3

        Renaming the Queues................................................................................................................. 2-3

        Changing the Minimum Bandwidth Percentages of the Queues ................................................. 2-4

        Resetting the Minimum Bandwidth Percentages to Their Defaults ............................................. 2-9

Displaying the QoS Profile Configuration .................................................................................................2-9

Assigning QoS Priorities to Traffic ..........................................................................................................2-10

    Changing a Port’s Priority ................................................................................................................2-10

    Changing a Layer 2 Port-Based VLAN’s Priority ..............................................................................2-11

    Reassigning 802.1p Priorities to Different Queues ..........................................................................2-13

        Displaying the Queue Assignments for the 802.1p Priorities .................................................... 2-14

    Assigning Static MAC Entries to Priority Queues .............................................................................2-15

    Assigning IP and Layer 4 Sessions to Priority Queues ....................................................................2-16

        Routing Switch Syntax............................................................................................................... 2-16


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   Assigning AppleTalk Sockets to Priority Queues (9300 only) ..........................................................2-20

Configuring a Utilization List for an Uplink Port ......................................................................................2-21

   Displaying Utilization Percentages for an Uplink ..............................................................................2-22


Chapter 3

Configuring Enhanced Quality of Service ............................................ 3-1

Basic and Advanced ToS-Based QoS ......................................................................................................3-1

QoS Support When IP ToS-Based QoS Is Disabled ................................................................................3-2

Classification, Marking, and Scheduling ...................................................................................................3-2

    Classification ......................................................................................................................................3-2

    Marking ..............................................................................................................................................3-2

    Scheduling .........................................................................................................................................3-3

    Default QoS Mappings .......................................................................................................................3-3

         Default CoS –> DSCP Mappings................................................................................................. 3-3

         Default IP Precedence –> DSCP Mappings ................................................................................ 3-4

         Default DSCP –> DSCP Mappings.............................................................................................. 3-4

         Default DSCP –> Internal Forwarding Priority Mappings ............................................................ 3-4

Layer 4 CAM Usage .................................................................................................................................3-5

Using ACLs, PBR, or NAT and IP ToS-Based QoS .................................................................................3-5

Note Regarding DSCP Processing for Traffic Forwarded by the CPU .....................................................3-5

Alternative QoS Methods ..........................................................................................................................3-5

Configuring ToS-Based QoS ....................................................................................................................3-6

    Enabling Advanced ToS-Based QoS .................................................................................................3-6

    Specifying the Trust Level ..................................................................................................................3-7

    Changing the QoS Mappings .............................................................................................................3-7

         Changing the CoS –> DSCP Mappings....................................................................................... 3-7

         Changing the IP Precedence –> DSCP Mappings ...................................................................... 3-8

         Changing the DSCP –> DSCP Mappings.................................................................................... 3-8

         Changing the DSCP –> Internal Forwarding Priority Mappings .................................................. 3-8

         Changing the Internal Forwarding Priority –> Hardware Forwarding Queue Mappings .............. 3-9

Displaying Configuration Information ......................................................................................................3-10


Chapter 4

Software-Based IP Access Control Lists (ACLs)................................. 4-1

Chapter Overview .....................................................................................................................................4-2

   How Software-Based ACLs Work ......................................................................................................4-3

       How Fragmented Packets are Processed ................................................................................... 4-3

       Hardware Aging of Layer 4 CAM Entries for software-Based ACLs............................................ 4-4

   Types of IP ACLs ...............................................................................................................................4-4

   ACL IDs and Entries ...........................................................................................................................4-4

   Default ACL Action .............................................................................................................................4-5

   Controlling Management Access to the Device .................................................................................4-6

   ACL Logging ......................................................................................................................................4-6

Usage Guidelines for Access Control Lists (ACLs) ..................................................................................4-6

   Using ACLs as Input to Other Features .............................................................................................4-6

   Using ACLs and Network Address Translation (NAT) on the Same Interface (9300 Series Only) ....4-6

Requirement for Applying ACL Configuration Changes ...........................................................................4-7



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    Reapplying Modified ACLs .................................................................................................................4-8

Disabling or Re-Enabling Access Control Lists (ACLs) ............................................................................4-8

    Enabling ACL Mode ...........................................................................................................................4-8

    Disabling ACL Mode ..........................................................................................................................4-9

Configuring Numbered and Named ACLs ................................................................................................4-9

    Configuring Standard Numbered ACLs ..............................................................................................4-9

         Standard ACL Syntax .................................................................................................................4-10

    Configuring Extended Numbered ACLs ...........................................................................................4-13

    Configuring Named ACLs ................................................................................................................4-15

    Filtering on IP Precedence and ToS Values ....................................................................................4-16

    Filtering ICMP Packets Based on the IP Packet Length ..................................................................4-17

    Extended ACL Syntax ......................................................................................................................4-18

    Adding a Comment to an ACL Entry ................................................................................................4-25

Reapplying ACLs to Interfaces ...............................................................................................................4-26

Modifying ACLs ......................................................................................................................................4-27

Dropping All Fragments That Exactly Match an ACL .............................................................................4-28

Enabling Hardware Filtering for Packets Denied by ACLs .....................................................................4-28

Enabling ICMP Unreachable Messages for Traffic Denied by ACLs ......................................................4-29

ACL Filtering for Traffic Switched Within a Virtual Routing Interface .....................................................4-29

Applying an ACL to a Subset of Ports on a Virtual Interface ..................................................................4-29

Enabling Strict TCP or UDP Mode .........................................................................................................4-30

    Enabling Strict TCP Mode ................................................................................................................4-30

    Enabling Strict UDP Mode ...............................................................................................................4-31

    Configuring ACL Packet and Flow Counters ....................................................................................4-32

Using ACLs to Filter ARP Packets .........................................................................................................4-32

    Configuring ACLs for ARP Filtering ..................................................................................................4-34

Configuring the Layer 4 Session Log Timer ...........................................................................................4-35

Inserting, Deleting, Replacing, and Adding Comments to ACL Entries (Series 9300 Only) ...................4-35

    Displaying a List of ACL Entries .......................................................................................................4-35

         Numbered ACLs .........................................................................................................................4-35

         Named ACLs ..............................................................................................................................4-36

    Inserting an ACL Entry .....................................................................................................................4-36

         Numbered ACLs .........................................................................................................................4-36

         Named ACLs ..............................................................................................................................4-36

    Deleting an ACL Entry From Within a List ........................................................................................4-37

         Numbered ACLs .........................................................................................................................4-37

         Named ACLs ..............................................................................................................................4-38

    Replacing an ACL Entry ...................................................................................................................4-39

         Numbered ACLs .........................................................................................................................4-39

         Named ACLs ..............................................................................................................................4-39

    Adding, Inserting, Replacing, or Deleting a Remark ........................................................................4-40

         Numbered ACL ...........................................................................................................................4-40

         Named ACLs: Remarks for a New ACL .....................................................................................4-41

         Named ACLs: Inserting or Replacing Remarks to Existing ACL Entries ....................................4-42

         Deleting a Remark from a Named ACL. .....................................................................................4-43

ICMP Filtering .........................................................................................................................................4-43

         Numbered ACLs .........................................................................................................................4-44

         Named ACLs ..............................................................................................................................4-44



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Displaying ACLs .....................................................................................................................................4-46

Displaying of TCP/UDP Numbers in ACLs .............................................................................................4-47

Displaying ACL Log Entries ....................................................................................................................4-47

Displaying ACLs Using Keywords ..........................................................................................................4-48

        Numbered ACL ...........................................................................................................................4-49

        Named ACLs ..............................................................................................................................4-50

Displaying and Clearing Software-Based ACL Statistics ........................................................................4-51

    Displaying ACL Statistics for Software-Based ACLs ........................................................................4-51

    Clearing Software-Based ACL Statistics ..........................................................................................4-52

Displaying and Clearing ACL Filters for ARP .........................................................................................4-52

    Displaying ACL Filters for ARP ........................................................................................................4-52

    Clearing Filter Count ........................................................................................................................4-52

Policy-Based Routing (PBR) ..................................................................................................................4-52

    Configuring PBR ..............................................................................................................................4-53

        Configure the ACLs ....................................................................................................................4-53

        Configure the Route Map ...........................................................................................................4-54

    Enabling PBR ...................................................................................................................................4-55

        Enabling PBR Globally ...............................................................................................................4-55

        Enabling PBR Locally .................................................................................................................4-55

    Configuration Examples ...................................................................................................................4-55

        Setting the Next Hop ................................................................................................................. 4-56

        Setting the Next Hop When no Next Hop Is Explicitly Configured............................................. 4-57

        Setting the Output Interface to the Null Interface ...................................................................... 4-57


Chapter 5

Hardware-Based IP Access Control Lists (ACLs)................................ 5-1

Chapter Overview .....................................................................................................................................5-1

Comparison of Flow-Based ACLs and Hardware-Based ACLs ................................................................5-2

    How Flow-Based ACLs Work .............................................................................................................5-2

    How Hardware-Based ACLs Work .....................................................................................................5-2

        How Fragmented Packets are Processed ................................................................................... 5-3

        Hardware Aging of Layer 4 CAM Entries..................................................................................... 5-4

Configuration Considerations ..................................................................................................................5-4

Disabling or Re-Enabling Hardware-Based ACLs ....................................................................................5-5

    Syslog Message for Changed ACL Mode ..........................................................................................5-6

Globally Disabling ACL Logging ...............................................................................................................5-6

    Copying Denied Traffic to a Mirror Port for Monitoring .......................................................................5-6

Reapplying ACLs to Interfaces .................................................................................................................5-7

Specifying the Maximum Number of CAM Entries for ACLs ....................................................................5-7

Enabling ACL Filtering of Fragmented Packets ........................................................................................5-8

    Throttling the Fragment Rate .............................................................................................................5-8

Configuring and Applying an ACL ............................................................................................................5-9

    QoS Options for IP ACLs .................................................................................................................5-10

        Using an ACL to Change the Forwarding Queue ...................................................................... 5-10

        Matching on a Packet’s 802.1p Value ....................................................................................... 5-11

        Matching on a Packet’s DSCP Value ........................................................................................ 5-11

        Using an IP ACL to Mark ToS Values ....................................................................................... 5-12

ACL Filtering for Traffic Switched Within a Virtual Routing Interface .....................................................5-12



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Displaying ACL Information ....................................................................................................................5-12

Troubleshooting Hardware-Based ACLs ................................................................................................5-12

Hardware-Based Policy-Based Routing (PBR) ......................................................................................5-13

        Next Hop Selection.....................................................................................................................5-13

        Configuration Considerations .....................................................................................................5-13

        Configuring a PBR Policy .......................................................................................................... 5-14

        Configuration Examples ............................................................................................................ 5-14

        Using the Most Direct Route...................................................................................................... 5-14

        Enabling PBR for Fragmented Packets ..................................................................................... 5-14

        PBR Syntax ............................................................................................................................... 5-15


Chapter 6

Configuring Rate Limiting 

on the 9300 Series (with M2, M4, and T-flow) ...................................... 6-1

        Additional Notes .......................................................................................................................... 6-1

Fixed Rate Limiting ...................................................................................................................................6-2

    How Fixed Rate Limiting Works .........................................................................................................6-2

    Configuring Fixed Rate Limiting .........................................................................................................6-3

    Displaying Fixed Rate Limiting Information ........................................................................................6-3

Adaptive Rate Limiting ..............................................................................................................................6-4

    Examples of Adaptive Rate Limiting Applications ..............................................................................6-5

        Adaptive Rate Policies For a Trunk Group Uplink ....................................................................... 6-5

        Adaptive Rate Policy for a Virtual Routing Interface that Route VLANs ...................................... 6-6

        Adaptive Rate Policy for a Layer 2 Port-Based VLAN ................................................................. 6-7

    Adaptive Rate Limiting Parameters ....................................................................................................6-8

        Average Rate............................................................................................................................... 6-9

        Normal Burst Size........................................................................................................................ 6-9

        Excess Burst Size........................................................................................................................ 6-9

        Committed Time Interval ............................................................................................................. 6-9

    How Adaptive Rate Limiting Works ..................................................................................................6-10

        Normal Burst Size and Excess Burst Size Counters ..................................................................6-10

        Committed Time Interval ............................................................................................................6-13

    Configuring Adaptive Rate Limiting ..................................................................................................6-13

        Characterizing the Traffic ...........................................................................................................6-14

        Specifying the Bandwidth Allowances and Applying Rate Policy Rules to an Interface .............6-16

    Configuring Port-, VLAN- and Direction-Based Rate Limiting (T-Flow only) ....................................6-18

        Configuration Considerations .....................................................................................................6-18

        Configuring a Port-, VLAN-, and Direction-Based Rate Limiting Policy......................................6-18

    Displaying Configuration Information and Statistics .........................................................................6-20

    Clearing Adaptive Rate Limiting Statistics .......................................................................................6-20

    Complete CLI Examples ..................................................................................................................6-21

        Commands for Adaptive Rate Policies For a Trunk Group ........................................................6-21

        Commands for Adaptive Rate Policy for a Virtual Routing Interface that Route VLANs ............6-22

        Commands for Adaptive Rate Policy for a Layer 2 Port-Based VLAN .......................................6-22

    Disabling Rate Limiting Exemption for Control Packets ...................................................................6-22

    Using a Rate Limiting ACL to Deny Traffic .......................................................................................6-23





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Chapter 7

Configuring EP Rate Limiting

on the 9300 Series (with EP Modules) .................................................. 7-1

Adaptive Rate Limiting ..............................................................................................................................7-1

   EP Rate Limiting Support for Release 07.6.01 and Greater ..............................................................7-2

       Additional Notes .......................................................................................................................... 7-2

   Rate Limiting Algorithm and Parameters ...........................................................................................7-2

       Average Rate............................................................................................................................... 7-3

       Credits ......................................................................................................................................... 7-3

       Rate Limiting Interval................................................................................................................... 7-3

   Rate Limiting of Control Packets ........................................................................................................7-4

   Configuration Considerations .............................................................................................................7-4

   Configuring EP Adaptive Rate Limiting ..............................................................................................7-5

       Configuring a Port-Based Rate Limiting Policy............................................................................ 7-5

       Configuring a Port-and-Priority-Based Rate Limiting Policy ........................................................ 7-6

       Configuring an ACL-Based Rate Limiting Policy ......................................................................... 7-6

       Rate Limiting Syntax.................................................................................................................... 7-6

   Displaying the Policies .......................................................................................................................7-8

   Displaying Adjusted Average Rates .................................................................................................7-10

       Displaying Adjusted Rates for Inbound Rate Limiting ............................................................... 7-11

       Displaying Adjusted Rates for Outbound Rate Limiting............................................................. 7-11


Chapter 8

Configuring Rate Limiting on the 9408sl .............................................. 8-1

Rate Limiting on ProCurve 9408sl ............................................................................................................8-1

   Rate Limiting Parameters and Algorithm ...........................................................................................8-1

        Average Rate................................................................................................................................8-2

        Maximum Burst.............................................................................................................................8-2

        Credits and Credit Total................................................................................................................8-2

   Configuration Considerations .............................................................................................................8-2

   Configuring Rate Limiting on ProCurve 9408sl ..................................................................................8-3

        Configuring a Port-Based Rate Limiting Policy.............................................................................8-3

        Configuring a Port-and-Priority-Based Rate Limiting Policy .........................................................8-3

        Configuring a Port-and-VLAN-Based Rate Limiting Policy ...........................................................8-3

        Configuring a Port-and-ACL-Based Rate Limiting Policy .............................................................8-4

   Displaying Rate Limiting Policies .......................................................................................................8-5


Chapter 9

Configuring IP ......................................................................................... 9-1

Basic Configuration ..................................................................................................................................9-1

Overview ...................................................................................................................................................9-1

   IP Interfaces .......................................................................................................................................9-2

   IP Packet Flow Through a Routing Switch .........................................................................................9-2

        ARP Cache and Static ARP Table .............................................................................................. 9-4

        IP Route Table............................................................................................................................. 9-5

        IP Forwarding Cache................................................................................................................... 9-6

        Layer 4 Session Table................................................................................................................. 9-6

   IP Route Exchange Protocols ............................................................................................................9-7



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   IP Multicast Protocols .........................................................................................................................9-7

   IP Interface Redundancy Protocols ....................................................................................................9-7

   Network Address Translation (9300 Series Only) ..............................................................................9-7

   Access Control Lists and IP Access Policies .....................................................................................9-8

Basic IP Parameters and Defaults ............................................................................................................9-8

   When Parameter Changes Take Effect .............................................................................................9-8

   IP Global Parameters .........................................................................................................................9-9

   IP Interface Parameters ...................................................................................................................9-14

Configuring IP Parameters – Routing Switches .....................................................................................9-15

   Configuring IP Addresses ................................................................................................................9-15

        Assigning an IP Address to an Ethernet Port .............................................................................9-16

        Assigning an IP Address to a Loopback Interface ......................................................................9-17

        Assigning an IP Address to a Virtual Interface ...........................................................................9-18

        Deleting an IP Address...............................................................................................................9-19

   Configuring Domain Name Server (DNS) Resolver .........................................................................9-19

        Defining a DNS Entry .................................................................................................................9-19

        Using a DNS Name To Initiate a Trace Route............................................................................9-20

   Configuring Packet Parameters .......................................................................................................9-21

        Changing the Encapsulation Type..............................................................................................9-21

        Changing the Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU).....................................................................9-22

        No Fragmentation for Jumbo Packets Sent to the CPU (Release 07.8.00 and Higher) .............9-24

        Per-VLAN Forwarding of Jumbo Packets (Release 07.8.00 and Higher)...................................9-25

   Changing the Router ID ...................................................................................................................9-26

   Specifying a Single Source Interface for Telnet, TACACS/TACACS+, 

        or RADIUS Packets ...................................................................................................................9-27

   Configuring ARP Parameters ...........................................................................................................9-29

        How ARP Works.........................................................................................................................9-29

   Rate Limiting ARP Packets ..............................................................................................................9-30

        Changing the ARP Aging Period ................................................................................................9-31

        Enabling Proxy ARP ...................................................................................................................9-31

        Creating Static ARP Entries .......................................................................................................9-32

        Changing the Maximum Number of Entries the Static ARP Table Can Hold .............................9-33

   Configuring Forwarding Parameters ................................................................................................9-34

        Changing the TTL Threshold ......................................................................................................9-35

        Enabling Forwarding of Directed Broadcasts .............................................................................9-35

        Disabling Forwarding of IP Source-Routed Packets ..................................................................9-36

        Enabling Support for Zero-Based IP Sub-Net Broadcasts .........................................................9-37

   Disabling ICMP Messages ...............................................................................................................9-37

   Disabling ICMP Redirect Messages .................................................................................................9-39

   Configuring Static Routes ................................................................................................................9-39

        Static Route Types .....................................................................................................................9-39

        Static IP Route Parameters ........................................................................................................9-40

        Multiple Static Routes to the Same Destination Provide Load Sharing and Redundancy..........9-40

        Static Route States Follow Port States.......................................................................................9-40

        Configuring a Static IP Route .....................................................................................................9-41

        Configuring a “Null” Route ..........................................................................................................9-43

        Configuring Load Balancing and Redundancy 

        Using Multiple Static Routes to the Same Destination ...............................................................9-44

        Configuring Standard Static IP Routes and Interface

        or Null Static Routes to the Same Destination ...........................................................................9-46



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    Configuring a Default Network Route ...............................................................................................9-49

        Configuring a Default Network Route .........................................................................................9-50

    Configuring IP Load Sharing ............................................................................................................9-51

        How Multiple Equal-Cost Paths Enter the IP Route Table .........................................................9-51

        How IP Load Sharing Works ......................................................................................................9-53

        Disabling or Re-Enabling Load Sharing .....................................................................................9-60

        Changing the Load Sharing Method on Chassis Routing Switches ...........................................9-61

        Enabling Host-Based Load-Sharing for a Specific Destination Network ....................................9-61

        Changing the Maximum Number of Load Sharing Paths ...........................................................9-62

    Optimizing the IP Forwarding Cache ...............................................................................................9-63

        Disabling Unicast High-Performance Mode................................................................................9-64

        CAM Optimization Options .........................................................................................................9-64

        Increased CAM Network Aggregation in Release 07.8.00 (9300 Series Only) ..........................9-65

        Enabling Standard Optimization for CAM Network Aggregation ................................................9-66

        Enabling Premium Optimization for CAM Network Aggregation ................................................9-66

        Enabling Supreme Optimization for CAM Network Aggregation ................................................9-67

        Displaying CAM Network Aggregation Entries ...........................................................................9-67

        CAM Default Route Aggregation ................................................................................................9-68

    Configuring IRDP .............................................................................................................................9-70

        Enabling IRDP Globally ..............................................................................................................9-71

        Enabling IRDP on an Individual Port ..........................................................................................9-71

    Configuring RARP ............................................................................................................................9-72

        How RARP Differs from BootP/DHCP ........................................................................................9-72

        Disabling RARP..........................................................................................................................9-73

        Creating Static RARP Entries.....................................................................................................9-73

        Changing the Maximum Number of Static RARP Entries Supported .........................................9-74

    Configuring UDP Broadcast and IP Helper Parameters ..................................................................9-74

        Enabling Forwarding for a UDP Application ...............................................................................9-75

        Configuring an IP Helper Address ..............................................................................................9-76

    Configuring BootP/DHCP Forwarding Parameters ..........................................................................9-78

        BootP/DHCP Forwarding Parameters ........................................................................................9-78

        Configuring an IP Helper Address ..............................................................................................9-79

        Changing the IP Address Used for Stamping BootP/DHCP Requests.......................................9-79

        Changing the Maximum Number of Hops to a BootP Relay Server ...........................................9-79

Displaying IP Configuration Information and Statistics ...........................................................................9-80

    Changing the Network Mask Display to Prefix Format .....................................................................9-80

    Displaying IP Information .................................................................................................................9-80

        Displaying Global IP Configuration Information ..........................................................................9-81

        Displaying CPU Utilization Statistics ..........................................................................................9-83

        Displaying IP Interface Information.............................................................................................9-85

        Displaying Interface Name in Syslog ..........................................................................................9-87

        Displaying ARP Entries ..............................................................................................................9-88

        Displaying the Forwarding Cache...............................................................................................9-91

        Displaying the IP Route Table ....................................................................................................9-93

        Clearing IP Routes .....................................................................................................................9-96

        Displaying IP Traffic Statistics ....................................................................................................9-97


Chapter 10

Configuring RIP..................................................................................... 10-1

    ICMP Host Unreachable Message for Undeliverable ARPs ............................................................10-1

RIP Parameters and Defaults .................................................................................................................10-2



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    RIP Global Parameters ....................................................................................................................10-2

    RIP Interface Parameters .................................................................................................................10-3

Configuring RIP Parameters ...................................................................................................................10-3

    Enabling RIP ....................................................................................................................................10-3

    Configuring Metric Parameters ........................................................................................................10-4

        Changing the Cost of Routes Learned on a Port........................................................................10-4

        Configuring a RIP Offset List ......................................................................................................10-5

    Changing the Administrative Distance ............................................................................................10-6

    Configuring Redistribution ................................................................................................................10-6

        Configuring Redistribution Filters ...............................................................................................10-7

        Changing the Redistribution Metric ............................................................................................10-9

        Enabling Redistribution...............................................................................................................10-9

    Configuring Route Learning and Advertising Parameters ..............................................................10-10

        Changing the Update Interval for Route Advertisements .........................................................10-10

        Enabling Learning of RIP Default Routes................................................................................ 10-11

        Configuring a RIP Neighbor Filter.............................................................................................10-12

    Changing the Route Loop Prevention Method ...............................................................................10-13

    Suppressing RIP Route Advertisement on a VRRP or VRRPE Backup Interface .........................10-14

    Configuring RIP Route Filters ........................................................................................................10-14

        Applying a RIP Route Filter to an Interface ..............................................................................10-16

Displaying RIP Filters ...........................................................................................................................10-17

Displaying CPU Utilization Statistics ....................................................................................................10-19


Chapter 11

Configuring IP Multicast Protocols

(9300 Series Only)................................................................................. 11-1

Overview of IP Multicasting ....................................................................................................................11-1

   Multicast Terms ................................................................................................................................11-1

Changing Global IP Multicast Parameters ..............................................................................................11-2

   Changing Dynamic Memory Allocation for IP Multicast Groups .......................................................11-2

        Increasing the Number of IGMP Membership ............................................................................11-2

        Defining the Maximum Number of Multicast Flows ....................................................................11-3

        Defining the Maximum Number of DVMRP Cache Entries ........................................................11-3

        Defining the Maximum Number of PIM Cache Entries ...............................................................11-3

   Changing IGMP V1 and V2 Parameters ..........................................................................................11-4

        Modifying IGMP (V1 and V2) Query Interval Period ...................................................................11-4

        Modifying IGMP (V1 and V2) Membership Time ........................................................................11-4

        Modifying IGMP (V1 and V2) Maximum Response Time ...........................................................11-5

   Enabling Hardware Forwarding of Multicast Traffic On Tagged Ports (EP only) .............................11-5

        IPC and IGC Requirements ........................................................................................................11-5

        Disabling or Re-Enabling Hardware Multicast Forwarding For Tagged Ports ............................11-6

        Displaying the State of Hardware Multicast Forwarding .............................................................11-7

   Enabling Hardware Forwarding for all Fragments of IP Multicast Packets ......................................11-8

   EP Hardware Forwarding of Multicast Traffic on Tagged and Untagged Ports ...............................11-8

        Disabling or Re-Enabling Hardware Multicast Forwarding .........................................................11-9

        Displaying the State of Hardware Multicast Forwarding .......................................................... 11-10

Adding an Interface to a Multicast Group .............................................................................................11-10

PIM Dense ...........................................................................................................................................11-11

   Initiating PIM Multicasts on a Network ...........................................................................................11-11



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   Pruning a Multicast Tree ................................................................................................................11-12

   Grafts to a Multicast Tree ...............................................................................................................11-13

   PIM DM Versions ...........................................................................................................................11-13

   Configuring PIM DM ......................................................................................................................11-14

        Enabling PIM on the Router and an Interface ......................................................................... 11-14

        Modifying PIM Global Parameters ........................................................................................... 11-16

   Failover Time in a Multi-Path Topology ..........................................................................................11-20

   Modifying the TTL ..........................................................................................................................11-21

   Dropping PIM Traffic in Hardware ..................................................................................................11-21

PIM Sparse ..........................................................................................................................................11-22

   PIM Sparse Router Types ..............................................................................................................11-23

   RP Paths and SPT Paths ...............................................................................................................11-23

   Configuring PIM Sparse .................................................................................................................11-23

        Limitations in this Release ....................................................................................................... 11-24

        Configuring Global PIM Sparse Parameters ........................................................................... 11-24

        Globally Enabling and Disabling PIM without Deleting Multicast Configuration ...................... 11-25

        Configuring PIM Interface Parameters .................................................................................... 11-25

        Configuring BSRs .................................................................................................................... 11-25

        Configuring RPs ...................................................................................................................... 11-26

        Changing the Shortest Path Tree (SPT) Threshold................................................................. 11-27

        Changing the PIM Join and Prune Message Interval .............................................................. 11-28

   Dropping PIM Traffic in Hardware ..................................................................................................11-29

   Displaying PIM Sparse Configuration Information and Statistics ...................................................11-29

        Displaying Basic PIM Sparse Configuration Information ..........................................................11-29

        Displaying a List of Multicast Groups ...................................................................................... 11-31

        Displaying BSR Information..................................................................................................... 11-31

        Displaying Candidate RP Information...................................................................................... 11-33

        Displaying RP-to-Group Mappings .......................................................................................... 11-34

        Displaying RP Information for a PIM Sparse Group ................................................................ 11-35

        Displaying the RP Set List ....................................................................................................... 11-35

        Displaying Multicast Neighbor Information .............................................................................. 11-36

        Displaying Information About an Upstream Neighbor Device ................................................. 11-37

        Displaying the PIM Flow Cache............................................................................................... 11-38

        Displaying the PIM Multicast Cache ........................................................................................ 11-38

        Displaying PIM Traffic Statistics .............................................................................................. 11-40

        Displaying and Clearing PIM Errors ........................................................................................ 11-42

Configuring Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP) ...................................................................11-42

   Peer Reverse Path Forwarding (RPF) Flooding ............................................................................11-44

   Source Active Caching ...................................................................................................................11-44

   Configuring MSDP .........................................................................................................................11-44

        Enabling MSDP ....................................................................................................................... 11-44

        Configuring MSDP Peers ........................................................................................................ 11-45

   Designating an Interface’s IP Address as the RP’s IP Address .....................................................11-45

   Filtering MSDP Source-Group Pairs ..............................................................................................11-46

        Filtering Incoming Source-Active Messages ........................................................................... 11-46

        Filtering Advertised Source-Active Messages ......................................................................... 11-48

   Configuring MSDP Mesh Groups ...................................................................................................11-49

        Configuring MSDP Mesh Group .............................................................................................. 11-50

   Displaying MSDP Information ........................................................................................................11-56

        Displaying Summary Information..............................................................................................11-56



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         Displaying Peer Information .....................................................................................................11-57

         Displaying Source Active Cache Information ...........................................................................11-61

    Clearing MSDP Information ...........................................................................................................11-62

         Clearing Peer Information.........................................................................................................11-62

         Clearing the Source Active Cache............................................................................................11-62

         Clearing MSDP Statistics .........................................................................................................11-62

DVMRP Overview .................................................................................................................................11-62

    Initiating DVMRP Multicasts on a Network ....................................................................................11-63

    Pruning a Multicast Tree ................................................................................................................11-63

    Grafts to a Multicast Tree ...............................................................................................................11-65

Configuring DVMRP .............................................................................................................................11-65

    Enabling DVMRP on the Routing Switch and Interface .................................................................11-65

         Globally Enabling and Disabling DVMRP ................................................................................ 11-66

         Globally Enabling or Disabling DVMRP without Deleting Multicast Configuration .................. 11-66

         Enabling DVMRP on an Interface............................................................................................ 11-66

    Modifying DVMRP Global Parameters ...........................................................................................11-67

         Modifying Neighbor Timeout.................................................................................................... 11-67

         Modifying Route Expires Time................................................................................................. 11-68

         Modifying Route Discard Time ................................................................................................ 11-69

         Modifying Prune Age ............................................................................................................... 11-69

         Modifying Graft Retransmit Time ............................................................................................. 11-69

         Modifying Probe Interval.......................................................................................................... 11-70

         Modifying Report Interval......................................................................................................... 11-70

         Modifying Trigger Interval ........................................................................................................ 11-71

         Modifying Default Route .......................................................................................................... 11-71

    Modifying DVMRP Interface Parameters .......................................................................................11-71

         Modifying the TTL .....................................................................................................................11-72

         Modifying the Metric .................................................................................................................11-72

         Enabling Advertising.................................................................................................................11-73

    Displaying Information About an Upstream Neighbor Device ........................................................11-73

Configuring an IP Tunnel ......................................................................................................................11-74

Using ACLs to Control Multicast Features ............................................................................................11-75

    Using ACLs to Limit Static RP Groups ...........................................................................................11-75

    Using ACLs to Limit PIM RP Candidate Advertisement .................................................................11-77

    Using ACLs to Control Multicast Traffic Boundaries ......................................................................11-78

Configuring a Static Multicast Route ....................................................................................................11-78

Tracing a Multicast Route .....................................................................................................................11-80

Displaying Another Multicast Router’s Multicast Configuration ............................................................11-82

IGMP V3 ...............................................................................................................................................11-83

    Default IGMP Version ....................................................................................................................11-83

    Compatibility with IGMP V1 and V2 .............................................................................................11-84

    Globally Enabling the IGMP Version ..............................................................................................11-84

    Enabling the IGMP Version Per Interface Setting ..........................................................................11-84

    Enabling the IGMP Version on a Physical Port Within a Virtual Routing Interface ........................11-85

    Enabling Membership Tracking and Fast Leave ............................................................................11-85

    Setting the Query Interval ..............................................................................................................11-86

    Setting the Group Membership Time .............................................................................................11-86

    Setting the Maximum Response Time ...........................................................................................11-86

    IGMP V3 and Source Specific Multicast Protocols ........................................................................11-87



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          Enabling SSM...........................................................................................................................11-87

      Displaying IGMP V3 Information ....................................................................................................11-87

          Displaying IGMP Group Status.................................................................................................11-87

          Displaying the IGMP Status of an Interface..............................................................................11-89

          Displaying IGMP Traffic Status.................................................................................................11-90

      Clearing IGMP Statistics ................................................................................................................11-91


Chapter 12

Configuring OSPF................................................................................. 12-1

Overview of OSPF ..................................................................................................................................12-1

   OSPF Point-to-Point Links ...............................................................................................................12-2

   Designated Routers in Multi-Access Networks ................................................................................12-3

   Designated Router Election in Multi-Access Networks ....................................................................12-3

   OSPF RFC 1583 and 2178 Compliance ..........................................................................................12-4

   Reduction of Equivalent AS External LSAs ......................................................................................12-4

       Algorithm for AS External LSA Reduction ..................................................................................12-6

   Support for OSPF RFC 2328 Appendix E ........................................................................................12-6

   Dynamic OSPF Activation and Configuration ..................................................................................12-7

   Dynamic OSPF Memory ..................................................................................................................12-7

Configuring OSPF ..................................................................................................................................12-8

   Configuration Rules ..........................................................................................................................12-8

   OSPF Parameters ............................................................................................................................12-8

       Global Parameters......................................................................................................................12-8

       Interface Parameters ..................................................................................................................12-9

   Enable OSPF on the Router ............................................................................................................12-9

       Note Regarding Disabling OSPF............................................................................................. 12-10

   Assign OSPF Areas .......................................................................................................................12-10

       Assign a Totally Stubby Area ...................................................................................................12-11

       Assign a Not-So-Stubby Area (NSSA) .....................................................................................12-12

   Assigning an Area Range (optional) .............................................................................................12-16

   Assigning Interfaces to an Area .....................................................................................................12-17

   Modify Interface Defaults ...............................................................................................................12-18

       OSPF Interface Parameters .....................................................................................................12-19

   Change the Timer for OSPF Authentication Changes ...................................................................12-21

   Block Flooding of Outbound LSAs on Specific OSPF Interfaces ...................................................12-22

   Assign Virtual Links ........................................................................................................................12-22

   Modify Virtual Link Parameters ......................................................................................................12-25

       Virtual Link Parameter Descriptions ........................................................................................ 12-25

   Changing the Reference Bandwidth for the Cost on OSPF Interfaces ..........................................12-27

       Interface Types To Which the Reference Bandwidth Does Not Apply .................................... 12-27

       Changing the Reference Bandwidth ........................................................................................ 12-27

   Define Redistribution Filters ...........................................................................................................12-28

   Prevent Specific OSPF Routes from Being Installed in the IP Route Table ..................................12-31

   Modify Default Metric for Redistribution .........................................................................................12-34

   Enable Route Redistribution ..........................................................................................................12-34

       Example Using a Route Map ....................................................................................................12-35

   Disable or Re-enable Load Sharing ...............................................................................................12-37

   Configure External Route Summarization ......................................................................................12-38



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    Configure Default Route Origination ..............................................................................................12-39

    Modify SPF Timers .........................................................................................................................12-40

    Modify Redistribution Metric Type ..................................................................................................12-40

    Modify Administrative Distance ......................................................................................................12-41

        Configuring Administrative Distance Based on Route Type .....................................................12-41

    Configure OSPF Group Link State Advertisement (LSA) Pacing ...................................................12-42

        Usage Guidelines .................................................................................................................... 12-42

        Changing the LSA Pacing Interval........................................................................................... 12-42

    Modify OSPF Traps Generated ......................................................................................................12-42

    Modify OSPF Standard Compliance Setting ..................................................................................12-43

    Modify Exit Overflow Interval ..........................................................................................................12-44

    Modify the Maximum Number of Routes ........................................................................................12-44

    Modify LSDB Limits ........................................................................................................................12-45

    Configuring an OSPF Point-to-Point Link .......................................................................................12-46

        Configuration Notes and Limitations........................................................................................ 12-46

        Configuring an OSPF Point-to-Point Link ................................................................................ 12-46

        Viewing Configured OSPF Point-to-Point Links ...................................................................... 12-46

    Specify Types of OSPF Syslog Messages to Log ..........................................................................12-46

Displaying OSPF Information ...............................................................................................................12-47

    Displaying General OSPF Configuration Information .....................................................................12-48

    Displaying CPU Utilization Statistics ..............................................................................................12-49

    Displaying OSPF Area Information ................................................................................................12-50

    Displaying OSPF Neighbor Information .........................................................................................12-51

    Displaying OSPF Interface Information ..........................................................................................12-53

    Displaying OSPF Route Information ..............................................................................................12-55

        Displaying the Routes that Have Been Redistributed into OSPF ............................................ 12-57

    Displaying OSPF External Link State Information ..........................................................................12-57

    Displaying OSPF Link State Information ........................................................................................12-58

    Displaying the Data in an LSA .......................................................................................................12-59

    Displaying OSPF Virtual Neighbor Information ..............................................................................12-60

    Displaying OSPF Virtual Link Information ......................................................................................12-60

    Displaying OSPF ABR and ASBR Information ...............................................................................12-60

    Displaying OSPF Trap Status ........................................................................................................12-61


Chapter 13

Configuring BGP4................................................................................. 13-1

Overview of BGP4 ..................................................................................................................................13-1

   Relationship Between the BGP4 Route Table and the IP Route Table ...........................................13-2

   How BGP4 Selects a Path for a Route ............................................................................................13-3

   BGP4 Message Types .....................................................................................................................13-4

       OPEN Message ......................................................................................................................... 13-4

       UPDATE Message .....................................................................................................................13-5

       KEEPALIVE Message ................................................................................................................13-5

       NOTIFICATION Message...........................................................................................................13-5

Basic Configuration and Activation for BGP4 .........................................................................................13-5

   Note Regarding Disabling BGP4 ......................................................................................................13-6

BGP4 Parameters ..................................................................................................................................13-7




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    When Parameter Changes Take Effect ...........................................................................................13-8

        Immediately ................................................................................................................................13-9

        After Resetting Neighbor Sessions.............................................................................................13-9

        After Disabling and Re-Enabling Redistribution .........................................................................13-9

Memory Considerations ..........................................................................................................................13-9

    Memory Configuration Options Obsoleted by Dynamic Memory ...................................................13-10

Basic Configuration Tasks ....................................................................................................................13-10

    Enabling BGP4 on the Router ........................................................................................................13-11

    Changing the Router ID .................................................................................................................13-11

    Setting the Local AS Number .........................................................................................................13-12

    Adding a Loopback Interface .........................................................................................................13-12

    Adding BGP4 Neighbors ................................................................................................................13-13

        Encryption of BGP4 MD5 Authentication Keys.........................................................................13-20

    Adding a BGP4 Peer Group ...........................................................................................................13-21

        Peer Group Parameters .......................................................................................................... 13-22

        Configuration Rules ..................................................................................................................13-22

        Configuring a Peer Group.........................................................................................................13-23

        Applying a Peer Group to a Neighbor.......................................................................................13-24

        Administratively Shutting Down a Session with a BGP4 Neighbor...........................................13-25

Optional Configuration Tasks ...............................................................................................................13-26

    Changing the Keep Alive Time and Hold Time ..............................................................................13-26

    Changing the BGP4 Next-Hop Update Timer ................................................................................13-26

    Enabling Fast External Fallover .....................................................................................................13-27

    Changing the Maximum Number of Paths for BGP4 Load Sharing ...............................................13-27

        How Load Sharing Affects Route Selection............................................................................. 13-28

        How Load Sharing Works ........................................................................................................ 13-28

        Changing the Maximum Number of Shared BGP4 Paths ....................................................... 13-28

    Customizing BGP4 Load Sharing ..................................................................................................13-29

    Specifying a List of Networks to Advertise .....................................................................................13-29

        Specifying a Route Map Name when Configuring BGP4 Network Information ........................13-31

    Changing the Default Local Preference .........................................................................................13-31

    Using the IP Default Route as a Valid Next Hop for a BGP4 Route ..............................................13-32

    Advertising the Default Route ........................................................................................................13-32

    Changing the Default MED (Metric) Used for Route Redistribution ...............................................13-33

    Enabling Next-Hop Recursion ........................................................................................................13-33

        Example When Recursive Route Lookups Are Disabled ........................................................ 13-34

        Example When Recursive Route Lookups Are Enabled ......................................................... 13-35

        Enabling Recursive Next-Hop Lookups ................................................................................... 13-36

    Changing Administrative Distances ...............................................................................................13-36

    Requiring the First AS to be the Neighbor’s AS .............................................................................13-38

    Disabling or Re-Enabling Comparison of the AS-Path Length .......................................................13-38

    Enabling or Disabling Comparison of the Router IDs .....................................................................13-38

    Configuring the Routing Switch To Always Compare Multi-Exit Discriminators (MEDs) ................13-38

    Treating Missing MEDs as the Worst MEDs ..................................................................................13-39

    Automatically Summarizing Subnet Routes Into Class A, B, or C Networks .................................13-40

    Configuring Route Reflection Parameters ......................................................................................13-40

        Support for RFC 2796 ............................................................................................................. 13-41

        Configuration Procedures ........................................................................................................ 13-42

    Configuring Confederations ...........................................................................................................13-43



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          Configuring a BGP Confederation ............................................................................................13-45

     Aggregating Routes Advertised to BGP4 Neighbors .....................................................................13-46

Modifying Redistribution Parameters ....................................................................................................13-48

     Redistributing Connected Routes ..................................................................................................13-50

     Redistributing RIP Routes ..............................................................................................................13-50

     Redistributing OSPF External Routes ............................................................................................13-50

     Redistributing Static Routes ...........................................................................................................13-51

     Disabling or Re-Enabling Re-Advertisement of All Learned

          BGP4 Routes to All BGP4 Neighbors ......................................................................................13-51

     Redistributing IBGP Routes into RIP and OSPF ............................................................................13-51

Filtering .................................................................................................................................................13-52

     Filtering Specific IP Addresses ......................................................................................................13-52

     Filtering AS-Paths ..........................................................................................................................13-54

          Defining an AS-Path Filter ....................................................................................................... 13-55

          Defining an AS-Path ACL ........................................................................................................ 13-56

          Using Regular Expressions ..................................................................................................... 13-57

     Filtering Communities ....................................................................................................................13-60

          Defining a Community Filter .................................................................................................... 13-60

          Defining a Community ACL ..................................................................................................... 13-62

     Defining IP Prefix Lists ...................................................................................................................13-63

     Defining Neighbor Distribute Lists ..................................................................................................13-66

     Defining Route Maps ......................................................................................................................13-68

          Entering the Route Map Into the Software .............................................................................. 13-69

          Specifying the Match Conditions ............................................................................................. 13-70

          Match Examples Using ACLs .................................................................................................. 13-72

          Setting Parameters in the Routes............................................................................................ 13-76

     Using a Table Map To Set the Tag Value ......................................................................................13-80

     Configuring Cooperative BGP4 Route Filtering .............................................................................13-80

          Enabling Cooperative Filtering ................................................................................................ 13-81

          Sending and Receiving ORFs ................................................................................................. 13-81

          Displaying Cooperative Filtering Information ........................................................................... 13-82

Configuring Route Flap Dampening .....................................................................................................13-83

     Globally Configuring Route Flap Dampening .................................................................................13-84

     Using a Route Map To Configure Route Flap Dampening for Specific Routes .............................13-85

     Using a Route Map To Configure Route Flap Dampening for a Specific Neighbor .......................13-90

     Removing Route Dampening from a Route ...................................................................................13-92

     Removing Route Dampening from a Neighbor’s Routes Suppressed Due to Aggregation ...........13-93

     Displaying and Clearing Route Flap Dampening Statistics ............................................................13-94

          Displaying Route Flap Dampening Statistics........................................................................... 13-94

          Clearing Route Flap Dampening Statistics .............................................................................. 13-95

Generating Traps for BGP ....................................................................................................................13-96

Displaying BGP4 Information ...............................................................................................................13-96

     Displaying Summary BGP4 Information .........................................................................................13-96

     Displaying the Active BGP4 Configuration .....................................................................................13-99

     Displaying CPU Utilization Statistics ............................................................................................13-100

     Displaying Summary Neighbor Information ..................................................................................13-101

     Displaying BGP4 Neighbor Information .......................................................................................13-104

          Displaying Route Information for a Neighbor......................................................................... 13-114



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    Displaying Peer Group Information ..............................................................................................13-118

    Displaying Summary Route Information .......................................................................................13-119

    Displaying the BGP4 Route Table ...............................................................................................13-120

        Displaying the Best BGP4 Routes ......................................................................................... 13-122

        Displaying Those Best BGP4 Routes that Are Nonetheless Not in the IP Route Table ........ 13-122

        Displaying BGP4 Routes Whose Destinations Are Unreachable .......................................... 13-123

        Displaying Information for a Specific Route........................................................................... 13-123

        Displaying Route Details ....................................................................................................... 13-125

    Displaying BGP4 Route-Attribute Entries .....................................................................................13-128

    Displaying the Routes BGP4 Has Placed in the IP Route Table .................................................13-129

    Displaying Route Flap Dampening Statistics ...............................................................................13-130

    Displaying the Active Route Map Configuration ...........................................................................13-132

Updating Route Information and Resetting a Neighbor Session ........................................................13-132

    Using Soft Reconfiguration ..........................................................................................................13-133

        Enabling Soft Reconfiguration ............................................................................................... 13-133

        Placing a Policy Change into Effect....................................................................................... 13-133

        Displaying the Filtered Routes Received from the Neighbor or Peer Group ......................... 13-134

        Displaying All the Routes Received from the Neighbor ......................................................... 13-135

    Dynamically Requesting a Route Refresh from a BGP4 Neighbor ..............................................13-135

        Dynamically Refreshing Routes ............................................................................................ 13-136

        Displaying Dynamic Refresh Information .............................................................................. 13-137

    Closing or Resetting a Neighbor Session ....................................................................................13-138

    Clearing and Resetting BGP4 Routes in the IP Route Table .......................................................13-139

Clearing Traffic Counters ....................................................................................................................13-139

Clearing Route Flap Dampening Statistics .........................................................................................13-140

Removing Route Flap Dampening .....................................................................................................13-140

Clearing Diagnostic Buffers ................................................................................................................13-141


Chapter 14

Configuring MBGP

(9300 Series Only)................................................................................. 14-1

Overview .................................................................................................................................................14-1

Configuration Considerations .................................................................................................................14-2

Configuring MBGP ..................................................................................................................................14-2

    Setting the Maximum Number of Multicast Routes Supported ........................................................14-2

    Enabling MBGP ................................................................................................................................14-3

    Adding MBGP Neighbors .................................................................................................................14-3

    Optional Configuration Tasks ...........................................................................................................14-4

        Advertising Routes from the Local AS to MBGP ....................................................................... 14-4

        Configuring a Network Prefix to Advertise ................................................................................. 14-5

        Enabling Redistribution of Directly-Connected Multicast Routes into MBGP ............................ 14-5

        Configuring Static IP Multicast Routes for Redistribution into MBGP........................................ 14-6

        Aggregating Routes Advertised to BGP4 Neighbors ................................................................. 14-6

        Using Route Maps ..................................................................................................................... 14-7

Displaying MBGP Information ................................................................................................................14-8

    Displaying Summary MBGP Information ..........................................................................................14-9

    Displaying the Active MBGP Configuration ....................................................................................14-10

    Displaying MBGP Neighbors ..........................................................................................................14-10



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      Displaying MBGP Routes ...............................................................................................................14-12

      Displaying the IP Multicast Route Table ........................................................................................14-13


Chapter 15

Network Address Translation

(9300 Series Only)................................................................................. 15-1

Protocols Supported for NAT ..................................................................................................................15-1

Port Address Translation ........................................................................................................................15-2

    Maximum Number of Addresses ......................................................................................................15-3

Inside Source NAT .................................................................................................................................15-3

    Configuring Source NAT ..................................................................................................................15-5

        Configuring Static Address Translations ....................................................................................15-5

        Configuring Dynamic NAT Parameters ......................................................................................15-6

        Enabling NAT .............................................................................................................................15-7

    Configuration Examples ...................................................................................................................15-8

        Private NAT Clients Connected to the Routing Switch by a Switch ...........................................15-8

        Private NAT Clients Connected Directly to the Routing Switch ................................................15-10

Inside Destination NAT .........................................................................................................................15-13

    Configuring Inside Destination NAT ...............................................................................................15-13

        Configuring Static Inside Destination NAT for IP Addresses Only ...........................................15-13

        Configuring Static Inside Destination NAT for IP Addresses and TCP or UDP Ports ..............15-14

        Configuring Dynamic Inside Destination NAT ..........................................................................15-14

        Enabling NAT ...........................................................................................................................15-15

Changing Translation Table Timeouts ..................................................................................................15-16

Changing the Time a Session Table Entry Stays in the Delete Queue ................................................15-17

Displaying the Active NAT Translations ...............................................................................................15-17

Displaying NAT Statistics .....................................................................................................................15-19

Clearing Translation Table Entries .......................................................................................................15-21

NAT Debug Commands .......................................................................................................................15-21


Chapter 16

Configuring VRRP and VRRPE............................................................ 16-1

Overview .................................................................................................................................................16-1

   Overview of VRRP ...........................................................................................................................16-1

       Virtual Router ID (VRID) .............................................................................................................16-3

       Virtual Router MAC Address ......................................................................................................16-3

       Virtual Router IP Address ...........................................................................................................16-4

       Master Negotiation .....................................................................................................................16-4

       Hello Messages ..........................................................................................................................16-4

       Track Ports and Track Priority ....................................................................................................16-5

       Suppression of RIP Advertisements for Backed Up Interfaces ..................................................16-5

       Authentication.............................................................................................................................16-5

       Independent Operation of VRRP alongside RIP, OSPF, and BGP4 ..........................................16-5

       Dynamic VRRP Configuration ....................................................................................................16-5

   Overview of VRRPE .........................................................................................................................16-5

Comparison of VRRP and VRRPE .........................................................................................................16-7

   VRRP ...............................................................................................................................................16-7

   VRRPE .............................................................................................................................................16-8



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    Architectural Differences ..................................................................................................................16-8

        Management Protocol ................................................................................................................16-8

        Virtual Router IP Address (the address you are backing up) .....................................................16-8

        Master and Backups...................................................................................................................16-8

VRRP and VRRPE Parameters ..............................................................................................................16-9

Configuring Basic VRRP Parameters ...................................................................................................16-11

    Configuring the Owner ...................................................................................................................16-11

    Configuring a Backup .....................................................................................................................16-12

    Configuration Rules for VRRP .......................................................................................................16-12

Configuring Basic VRRPE Parameters ................................................................................................16-12

    Configuration Rules for VRRPE .....................................................................................................16-12

Note Regarding Disabling VRRP or VRRPE ........................................................................................16-12

Configuring Additional VRRP and VRRPE Parameters .......................................................................16-13

        Authentication Type ................................................................................................................. 16-13

        Router Type............................................................................................................................. 16-14

        Suppression of RIP Advertisements on Backup Routers for the Backup Up Interface ........... 16-15

        Hello Interval............................................................................................................................ 16-16

        Dead Interval ........................................................................................................................... 16-16

        Backup Hello Message State and Interval............................................................................... 16-16

        Track Port ................................................................................................................................ 16-17

        Track Priority ........................................................................................................................... 16-17

        Backup Preempt ...................................................................................................................... 16-17

Forcing a Master Router To Abdicate to a Standby Router ..................................................................16-18

Displaying VRRP and VRRPE Information ...........................................................................................16-19

    Displaying Summary Information ...................................................................................................16-19

    Displaying Detailed Information .....................................................................................................16-21

        Displaying Detailed Information for an Individual VRID ........................................................... 16-27

    Displaying Statistics .......................................................................................................................16-28

    Clearing VRRP or VRRPE Statistics ..............................................................................................16-31

    Displaying CPU Utilization Statistics ..............................................................................................16-32

Configuration Examples .......................................................................................................................16-33

    VRRP Example ..............................................................................................................................16-33

        Configuring Router1 Using the CLI.......................................................................................... 16-33

        Configuring Router2 Using the CLI.......................................................................................... 16-33

        Configuring Router1 Using the Web Management Interface ................................................... 16-34

        Configuring Router2 Using the Web Management Interface ................................................... 16-36

    VRRPE Example ............................................................................................................................16-37

        Configuring Router1 Using the CLI.......................................................................................... 16-37

        Configuring Router2 Using the CLI.......................................................................................... 16-37

        Enabling VRRPE ..................................................................................................................... 16-38

        Configuring VRRPE Parameters ............................................................................................. 16-39

        Modifying Interface Authentication .......................................................................................... 16-41

        Displaying VRRPE Statistics ................................................................................................... 16-43


Chapter 17

Configuring IPX (9300 Series Only).................................................... 17-1

Overview of IPX ......................................................................................................................................17-1

   Multiple IPX Frame Type Support per Interface ...............................................................................17-1

Configuring IPX ......................................................................................................................................17-1



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    Dynamic IPX Configuration ..............................................................................................................17-2

         Global Parameters......................................................................................................................17-2

         Interface Parameters ..................................................................................................................17-2

    Enable IPX .......................................................................................................................................17-2

    Enable NetBIOS ...............................................................................................................................17-3

    Assign IPX Network Number, Frame Type, Enable NetBios on an Interface ..................................17-3

    Define and Assign a Forward Filter and Group ................................................................................17-5

    Define and Assign an IPX/RIP Filter and Group ..............................................................................17-7

    Configuring IPX SAP Access Control Lists (ACLs) ..........................................................................17-9

    Enable Round-Robin GNS Replies ................................................................................................17-10

    Filter GNS Replies .........................................................................................................................17-10

    Disable GNS Replies .....................................................................................................................17-11

    Modify Maximum SAP and RIP Route Entries ...............................................................................17-11

    Modify RIP and SAP Hop Count Increment ...................................................................................17-12

    Modify the RIP Advertisement Packet Size ....................................................................................17-13

    Modify the SAP Advertisement Packet Size ..................................................................................17-13

    Modify the RIP Advertisement Interval ...........................................................................................17-14

    Modify the SAP Advertisement Interval ..........................................................................................17-14

    Modify the Age Timer for Learned IPX Routes ..............................................................................17-15

    Modify the Age Timer for Learned SAP Entries .............................................................................17-15

Verifying Connectivity ..........................................................................................................................17-16

Displaying IPX Configuration Information and Statistics ......................................................................17-17

    Displaying Global IPX Configuration Information ...........................................................................17-17

    Displaying IPX Interface Information ..............................................................................................17-19

    Displaying the IPX Forwarding Cache ...........................................................................................17-21

    Displaying the IPX Route Table .....................................................................................................17-22

    Displaying the IPX Server Table ....................................................................................................17-23

    Displaying IPX Traffic Statistics .....................................................................................................17-24


Chapter 18

Configuring AppleTalk (9300 Series Only) ......................................... 18-1

Overview of AppleTalk ............................................................................................................................18-1

   Address Assignment ........................................................................................................................18-1

   Network Components .......................................................................................................................18-1

       Nodes .........................................................................................................................................18-1

       Networks.....................................................................................................................................18-1

       Zones..........................................................................................................................................18-2

   Zone Filtering ...................................................................................................................................18-2

   Network Filtering ..............................................................................................................................18-3

   Seed and Non-Seed Routers ...........................................................................................................18-3

AppleTalk Components Supported on ProCurve Routing Switches .......................................................18-3

   Session Layer Support .....................................................................................................................18-3

   Transport Layer Support ..................................................................................................................18-3

       Routing Table Maintenance Protocol (RTMP) ............................................................................18-3

       AppleTalk Echo Protocol (AEP)..................................................................................................18-3

       AppleTalk Transaction Protocol (ATP) .......................................................................................18-3

       Name Binding Protocol (NBP) ....................................................................................................18-3



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     Network Layer Support ....................................................................................................................18-4

         Datagram Delivery Protocol (DDP).............................................................................................18-4

         AppleTalk Address Resolution Protocol (AARP) ........................................................................18-4

     Data Link Support ............................................................................................................................18-4

     Dynamic AppleTalk Activation and Configuration ............................................................................18-4

Configuring AppleTalk Routing ...............................................................................................................18-4

     Enable AppleTalk .............................................................................................................................18-4

     Configuring a Seed AppleTalk Router ..............................................................................................18-5

         Configuring the Cable Range for an Interface ............................................................................18-5

         Configuring a Network Address for an Interface.........................................................................18-5

         Configuring Zones on an Interface .............................................................................................18-5

         Enabling AppleTalk Routing on an Interface ..............................................................................18-5

         Saving Configuration Changes to the Interface ..........................................................................18-6

     Configuring a Non-seed AppleTalk Router ......................................................................................18-7

     Enabling AppleTalk Routing at the Global (System) Level ..............................................................18-7

     Enable AppleTalk Routing on an Interface .......................................................................................18-8

     Modifying AppleTalk Interface Configurations ..................................................................................18-9

Filtering AppleTalk Zones and Networks ................................................................................................18-9

     Defining Zone Filters ........................................................................................................................18-9

     Define Additional Zone Filters ........................................................................................................18-11

     Network Filtering ............................................................................................................................18-13

Routing Between AppleTalk VLANs Using Virtual Interfaces ...............................................................18-13

         Routing Between Protocol VLANs Within Port-Based VLANs................................................. 18-14

Modifying AppleTalk Global Parameters ..............................................................................................18-16

     AppleTalk ARP Age .......................................................................................................................18-16

     AppleTalk ARP Retransmit Count ..................................................................................................18-17

     AppleTalk ARP Retransmit Interval ................................................................................................18-17

     AppleTalk Glean Packets ...............................................................................................................18-18

     AppleTalk QoS Socket ...................................................................................................................18-18

     AppleTalk RTMP Update Interval ...................................................................................................18-18

     AppleTalk ZIP Query Interval .........................................................................................................18-19

Displaying AppleTalk Information .........................................................................................................18-20

Clearing AppleTalk Information ............................................................................................................18-20


Chapter 19

Route Health Injection (9300 Series Only).......................................... 19-1

Configuration Example ...........................................................................................................................19-2

HTTP Health Check Algorithm ...............................................................................................................19-4

Configuration Considerations .................................................................................................................19-5

CLI Syntax ..............................................................................................................................................19-5

    Global CONFIG Level ......................................................................................................................19-5

    Real Server Level .............................................................................................................................19-5

    Interface Level ..................................................................................................................................19-6

Configuring the HTTP Health Check on the Routing Switch ..................................................................19-6

    CLI Commands for HP6308-SX R1 .................................................................................................19-6

    CLI Commands for 9308M R2 .........................................................................................................19-7

    CLI Commands for HP6308-SX R3 .................................................................................................19-7



xxii                                                                                                                                           June 2005
                                                                                                                                                   Contents



Displaying Server and Application Port Information ...............................................................................19-8

    Displaying Server Information ..........................................................................................................19-8

    Displaying Keepalive Information .....................................................................................................19-9


Appendix A

Remote Network Monitoring ..................................................................A-1

Basic Management .................................................................................................................................. A-1

    Viewing System Information .............................................................................................................. A-1

    Viewing Configuration Information .................................................................................................... A-1

    Viewing Port Statistics ....................................................................................................................... A-2

    Viewing STP Statistics ...................................................................................................................... A-2

    Clearing Statistics ............................................................................................................................. A-3

RMON Support ........................................................................................................................................ A-3

    Statistics (RMON Group 1) ............................................................................................................... A-3

    History (RMON Group 2) ................................................................................................................... A-6

    Alarm (RMON Group 3) .................................................................................................................... A-7

    Event (RMON Group 9) ..................................................................................................................... A-7

NetFlow ................................................................................................................................................... A-8

    Hardware Support ............................................................................................................................. A-8

    Flow Aging and Export ...................................................................................................................... A-9

    Aggregate Caches ............................................................................................................................ A-9

    Collectors ........................................................................................................................................ A-10

    Source Interfaces ............................................................................................................................ A-10

    Export Packet Format Versions ...................................................................................................... A-10

        Format Version 1 ...................................................................................................................... A-11

        Format Version 5 ...................................................................................................................... A-12

        Format Version 8 ...................................................................................................................... A-13

    Configuring a 9300 series Routing Switch for NetFlow ................................................................... A-15

        Enabling Flow Switching on an Interface.................................................................................. A-16

        Enabling NetFlow ..................................................................................................................... A-16

        Changing the Export Format Version ....................................................................................... A-16

        Specifying the Collector ............................................................................................................ A-16

        Changing the Size of the Main Flow Caches............................................................................ A-17

        Setting the Source Interface ..................................................................................................... A-18

        Disabling Export of Flows for Some Transport Protocols ......................................................... A-19

        Enabling AS Flow Information .................................................................................................. A-19

        Changing the Cache Timeouts ................................................................................................. A-19

        Configuring Aggregation ........................................................................................................... A-20

        Displaying NetFlow Information ................................................................................................ A-21

    SNMP Support ................................................................................................................................ A-28

        snNetFlowCollectorTable ......................................................................................................... A-29 

        snNetFlowAggregationTable .................................................................................................... A-29

sFlow ..................................................................................................................................................... A-30

    Configuration Considerations .......................................................................................................... A-31

        Hardware Support .................................................................................................................... A-31

        Source Address ........................................................................................................................ A-31

        Sampling Rate .......................................................................................................................... A-31

        Port Monitoring ......................................................................................................................... A-32

        sflow Support for IPv6 Packets................................................................................................. A-32



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Advanced Configuration and Management Guide for ProCurve 9300/9400 Series Routing Switches



       Configuring and Enabling sFlow ..................................................................................................... A-32

          Specifying the Collector ............................................................................................................ A-33

          Changing the Polling Interval.................................................................................................... A-33

          Changing the Sampling Rate.................................................................................................... A-33

          Enabling sFlow Forwarding ...................................................................................................... A-36

          Displaying sFlow Information.................................................................................................... A-37 

          Clearing sFlow Statistics .......................................................................................................... A-38


Appendix B

Policies and Filters .................................................................................B-1

Scope ...................................................................................................................................................... B-2

Default Filter Actions ............................................................................................................................... B-2

Policy and Filter Precedence ................................................................................................................... B-4

    QoS ................................................................................................................................................... B-4

    Precedence Among Filters on Different Layers ................................................................................ B-4

    Precedence Among Filters on the Same Layer ................................................................................ B-4

HP Policies .............................................................................................................................................. B-4

    Quality-of-Service Policies ................................................................................................................ B-5

        Actions......................................................................................................................................... B-5

        Scope .......................................................................................................................................... B-5

        Syntax.......................................................................................................................................... B-5

    Layer 3 Policies ................................................................................................................................. B-6

        Protocol-Based VLANs................................................................................................................ B-6

        IP Access Policies ....................................................................................................................... B-7

    Layer 4 Policies ............................................................................................................................... B-16

        TCP/UDP Access Policies ........................................................................................................ B-16

HP Filters ............................................................................................................................................... B-18

    Layer 2 Filters ................................................................................................................................. B-19

        MAC Filters ............................................................................................................................... B-19

        Broadcast Filters....................................................................................................................... B-20

        Multicast Filters......................................................................................................................... B-20

        Address-Lock Filters................................................................................................................. B-21

    Layer 3 Filters ................................................................................................................................. B-22

        IP Filters ................................................................................................................................... B-23

        IPX Filters ................................................................................................................................. B-25

        Appletalk Filters ...................................................................................................................... B-27

        BGP4 Filters ............................................................................................................................. B-29

        Redistribution Filters................................................................................................................. B-31

    Layer 4 Filters ................................................................................................................................. B-34

        TCP/UDP Forwarding Filters .................................................................................................... B-34


Index..................................................................................................Index-1





xxiv                                                                                                                                             June 2005

				
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