Amusement Industry - Garden to Park.ppt

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Amusement Industry - Garden to Park.ppt Powered By Docstoc
					Pleasure to amusement

   The Garden to Park Story
    The Pleasure Garden
• Began in France (1600s)
• England’s Vauxhall Gardens (London)
  became most popular pleasure garden
• Vienna’s The Prater becomes most popular
  pleasure garden and is first to add
  “amusement machines” in 1873 for World’s
• The “beer garden” is rough American
  equivalent of pleasure garden (began
  formally in early 1800s)
Vauxhall Gardens, London
Vauxhall Gardens, London
Vauxhall Gardens, London
     American Advances
• Coney Island

• World’s Columbian Exposition

• Coney Island (again)

• Trolley Parks
           Coney Island
• Located near tip of Long Island (Brooklyn),
  nine miles from Manhattan Island
• Began as beach resort (1820s)
• Daily visits hit 50,000 by 1870s when first
  railroad to Coney is completed
• Pavilions (theatre or vaudeville), bath
  houses, beer stalls, food, dancing,
  sideshows, hotels
         Coney Island
• Charles Feltman “invents” hot dog at
  Coney in 1867
• First major “amusement” in 1877
• LeMarcus Thompson builds first
  “switchback railway” in 1884
World’s Columbian Exposition

• Opened 1893 in Chicago
• City planning, architecture and
  technology all used here (“White
• Introduction of “midway”
• Introduction of
  Ferris Wheel
Coney’s Amusement Parks
• Steeplechase Park (1897) – George Tilyou
• Luna Park (1903) – Frederick Thompson and
  Elmer Dundy
• Dreamland (1904) – Frederick Thompson
  and Elmer Dundy
• Amusement parks are for adults
• “The Nickel Empire” (1924)
• Cyclone opens in 1928 for $175,000
         Trolley Parks
• Built from 1900 to late 1920s,
  with boom from 1910 to 1920
• Located in Northeastern and
  Midwestern cities
• Put at the end of trolley lines to attract
  riders on weekends
           “Golden Age”
• 1920-1929
• Major US cities had from two to six parks
• Over 1,500 amusement parks nationally,
  most in Northeast and Midwest
• No television – amusement parks were
  America’s favorite form of leisure
• Open admission – pay per ride
        Other Players
• Disney, while the obvious leader, is
  not the only major company involved
  in theme parks. In fact, being called a
  “theme park” is so desirable that
  places that aren’t really theme parks
  like Universal Studios and Sea World
  (owned by Busch), call themselves
  theme parks just for the additional
  marketing benefits.
• Most accidents caused by riders
• People in a relaxed state of mind when
  at an amusement/theme park
• Employees often cause harm to
• Running is a major concern at large
 Organizations & Publications

• IAAPA: International Association of
  Amusement Parks and Attractions

• ACE: American Coaster Enthusiasts

• Amusement Business Magazine
    The (Ride) Design Firms
•   Arrow Dynamics (Arrow Development)
•   Vekoma
•   Bolliger and Mabillard
•   Great Coasters International
•   Custom Coasters International
•   S & S Sports
•   The Others:
    – Giovanola, Zamperla, Morgan, Dinn, Chance,
      Premier, Zierer
                  The Top
• Most Visited Theme Park: Tokyo Disneyland
• Highest (Full Circuit) Coaster: Top Thrill Dragster,
  Cedar Point (320ft high/120mph)*
• Highest Thrill Ride: Superman: The Escape, Six
  Flags Magic Mountain (400ft high/100mph)
• Fastest Launch: Hypersonic XLC, Paramount’s
  Kings Dominion (0-80 in 1.84 seconds)
• Highest Wooden Coaster: Son of Beast,
  Paramount’s Kings Island (215ft high)
• Park with Most Coasters: Cedar Point (16 coasters)*
• Current Accident Report Information:
• IAAPA Trade Show:

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