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Substitution of asbestos and carcinogenic man-made mineral .ppt

VIEWS: 16 PAGES: 13

									Bundesanstalt für Arbeitschutz und Arbeitsmedizin (BAuA)
Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health




                  Biosoluble Fibres
                     Win-Win Strategy of
       Regulation and Product Innovation
                      for Quality of Work
        in Small and Medium Enterprises

              Rolf Packroff, BAuA (Germany)


     European Week for Safety and Health at Work
     Closing event in Bilbao, 24. November 2003
     Workshop 1: “Successful substitution”                 1
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitschutz und Arbeitsmedizin (BAuA)
Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health




   BAuA
                                                   E
                                                 Bremen
                                                           Berlin
                                                            E




                                             E
                                       Dortmund                E
                                                            Dresden
                                                             E
                     E
                                                           Chemnitz         E




personell: ~ 620                                               www.baua.de
budget: ~ 43. Mio €
     European Week for Safety and Health at Work
     Closing event in Bilbao, 24. November 2003
     Workshop 1: “Successful substitution”                              2
  Bundesanstalt für Arbeitschutz und Arbeitsmedizin (BAuA)
  Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health



Rolf Packroff (PhD chemist)
Scientific officer in BAuA working group
"Handling of hazardous substances"
Main working topics
 chemicals and OSH legislation
 simple control scheme
 sustainable chemistry
 man-made mineral fibres (MMMF)
 asbestos
       European Week for Safety and Health at Work
       Closing event in Bilbao, 24. November 2003
       Workshop 1: “Successful substitution”                 3
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitschutz und Arbeitsmedizin (BAuA)
Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health



     Asbestos - from miracle to disaster
                  1930 : known carcinogen
                      2005 : EU ban
      asbestos use [ 1000 t ]                                         mesothelioma
        200                                                                  1200
                                                    D
                                                                             1000
        150
                                                                             800
        100                                                       F          600
                                                                             400
         50                                                           DK     200
          0                                                                  0
          1940        1960       1980        2000          2020       2040


     European Week for Safety and Health at Work
     Closing event in Bilbao, 24. November 2003
     Workshop 1: “Successful substitution”                                           4
     Bundesanstalt für Arbeitschutz und Arbeitsmedizin (BAuA)
     Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health



     Pott and Stanton´s fibre principle (1972)
Carcinogenic                 Fibre number x 107 in i. p.-test for 25 % tumour risk
potency of a fibre           10000
  =                            1000
length                          100
  +                              10
diameter                           1
  +                              0,1
biopersistence                                        Ceramic




                                                                                   B-20-2.0




                                                                                                                           B-09-2.0
                                                                                                                                      R-stone-E3
                                                                                                                                                   B-01-0.9
                                                                         MMVF-21


                                                                                              M-stone
                                                                                                        MMVF-11
                                        Crocidolite


                                                                Basalt




                                                                                                                  M-slag
          European Week for Safety and Health at Work
          Closing event in Bilbao, 24. November 2003
          Workshop 1: “Successful substitution”                                                                                                        5
       Bundesanstalt für Arbeitschutz und Arbeitsmedizin (BAuA)
       Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health


   OSH classification scheme for respirable fibres


 carcinogenicity
   index (KI)



     chemical
   composition
    of the fibre

TRGS 905 (1994 / 97)

            European Week for Safety and Health at Work
            Closing event in Bilbao, 24. November 2003
            Workshop 1: “Successful substitution”                 6
     Bundesanstalt für Arbeitschutz und Arbeitsmedizin (BAuA)
     Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health


     OSH product innovation supported by legislation:
 Biosoluble mineral wool (glass and stone wool)
    OSH measures for
biopersistent mineral wool             1980             Bayer: exp. fibre B-O1-0.9


                                       1990
OSH classification scheme                               1. biosoluble glass wool
legal duty for substitution                             1. biosoluble stone wool
legal ban of biopersistent
                                       2000
                                                         biosoluble
       mineral wool                                     mineral wool
                                                         all over EU

          European Week for Safety and Health at Work
          Closing event in Bilbao, 24. November 2003
          Workshop 1: “Successful substitution”                                      7
    Bundesanstalt für Arbeitschutz und Arbeitsmedizin (BAuA)
    Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health


               OSH basic hygiene measures
   (against mechanical irritation of biosoluble fibres)
good working practice
• low-dust techniques and tools
• pre-cut products
• careful handling of cut-off and waste
• regular wet or vacuum cleaning
                            personal protection and hygiene
                            • loose fitting, closed working clothes
                            • gloves
                            • regular washing, protective cream
                            • FFP1-mask, goggles (overhead work)
         European Week for Safety and Health at Work
         Closing event in Bilbao, 24. November 2003
         Workshop 1: “Successful substitution”                        8
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitschutz und Arbeitsmedizin (BAuA)
Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health



                   Built-in biopersistent mineral wool

                       TRGS 521 "Fibrous dust"
                    standardised working practices




                www.baua.de/prax/ags/trgs521.htm
                (TRGS 521 in German)
                www.workcover.com/ftp/
                documents/resCOPMinFibre.pdf
                (ILO Code of Practice "Mineral Wool")



     European Week for Safety and Health at Work
     Closing event in Bilbao, 24. November 2003
     Workshop 1: “Successful substitution”                 9
    Bundesanstalt für Arbeitschutz und Arbeitsmedizin (BAuA)
    Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health



             Refractory ceramic fibres (RCF)
EC-Classification: Carc. Cat. 2, Xi (1997)
OSH acc. to EC carcinogen directive

                              fibres / m³          typical workplace exposure

                            100,000,000
                             10,000,000                              Asbestos

                               1,000,000                       RCF
                                                   Mineral
                                 100,000            wool


         European Week for Safety and Health at Work
         Closing event in Bilbao, 24. November 2003
         Workshop 1: “Successful substitution”                                  1
                                                                                0
       Bundesanstalt für Arbeitschutz und Arbeitsmedizin (BAuA)
       Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health



                OSH product innovation:
          high-temperature glass fibres (HTGF)

         i.tr. half-life period / application temperature
days

                                   RCF                             HTGF market share (%)
 300
                                                                  45
                                                                  40                        (industry
  65                                                              35                        estimate)
                                                                  30
  40                                              ?               25
          biosoluble               HTGF                           20
         mineral wool                                             15
                                                                  10
                                                                   5
                                                                   0
                 100               1.000              T (oC)           1999   2001   2003



            European Week for Safety and Health at Work
            Closing event in Bilbao, 24. November 2003
            Workshop 1: “Successful substitution”                                                  1
                                                                                                   1
 Bundesanstalt für Arbeitschutz und Arbeitsmedizin (BAuA)
 Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health



Legislation supports substitution with HTGF

 Technical-based OEL for HTGF of 500.000 f / m³ (1999)

 Exemption from ban on biopersistent mineral wool (2000)

 TRGS 619: Recommendation for substitution of RCF (2002)
 Adaptation of the ban exemption from 2000 to technical
 progress (under current discussion)
 Restriction on the use of RCF in domestic applications
 (national legislation, voluntary agreement ?)

      European Week for Safety and Health at Work
      Closing event in Bilbao, 24. November 2003
      Workshop 1: “Successful substitution”                 1
                                                            2
     Bundesanstalt für Arbeitschutz und Arbeitsmedizin (BAuA)
     Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health


safe, healthy and competetive                 co-operation        good practice
    working environment                        + networks           solutions

                 New quality of work
                                        with

              Safe-to-apply products
   purchased with tailor-made
                                               or          inherently safe
        control strategies

          European Week for Safety and Health at Work
          Closing event in Bilbao, 24. November 2003
          Workshop 1: “Successful substitution”                                   1
                                                                                  3

								
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