Statistical Annex explanatory notes by EuropeanUnion

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         Statistical Annex to the Country Fiches – explanatory notes
     The statistical annex presents 14 short-listed Structural indicators derived from the European
     Statistical System, with a gender breakdown where possible.

     The full database of Structural indicators, including data and metadata relating to the EU
     Member States, the Acceding and Candidate countries, USA, Japan and EFTA countries, is
     publicly      available     on      the     Eurostat   Structural   indicators     website:
     http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/structuralindicators. For each EU Member State, all 14
     indicators are presented in one table and two charts.

     The 14 short-listed indicators

     GDP per capita in PPS                 Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Purchasing Power
                                           Standards (PPS)

                                           (EU-27 = 100)

     Labour productivity per person GDP in Purchasing Power Standards (PPS) per person
     employed                       employed relative to EU-27 (EU-27 = 100)

     Employment rate*                      Employed persons aged 15-64 as a share of the total
                                           population of the same age group

     Employment      rate    of     older Employed persons aged 55-64 as a share of the total
     workers*                             population of the same age group



     Gross domestic expenditure on Gross domestic expenditure on R&D as a percentage of
     R&D (GERD)                    GDP

     Youth    education      attainment Percentage of the population aged 20 to 24 having
     level*                             completed at least upper secondary education



     Comparative price levels              Comparative price levels of final consumption by private
                                           households including indirect taxes (EU-27 = 100)

     Business investment                   Gross fixed capital formation by the private sector as a
                                           percentage of GDP

     At-risk-of-poverty     rate     after Share of persons with a disposable income below the
     social transfers*                     risk-of-poverty threshold, which is set at 60 % of the
                                           national median disposable income

     Dispersion     of            regional Coefficient of variation of employment rates across
     employment rates*                     regions (NUTS 2 level) within countries




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     Long-term unemployment rate*                  Long-term unemployed (12 months and more) as a
                                                   percentage of the total active population

     Total greenhouse gas emissions                Index of greenhouse gas emissions and targets according
                                                   to Kyoto Protocol / EU Council Decision for 2008-2012
                                                   (Actual base year = 100).

     Energy intensity of the economy               Gross inland consumption of energy divided by GDP (at
                                                   constant prices, 1995=100), measured in kilogram of oil
                                                   equivalent per 1000 Euro

     Volume of freight                 transport Index of inland freight transport volume relative to GDP,
     relative to GDP                             measured in tonne-km / GDP (at constant prices,
                                                 1995=100)

     * Indicators disaggregated by gender

     For each EU Member State, all 14 indicators are presented in one table and two charts.

     The table

     The country-specific table presents data from 2000, 2003-2006 for that country and the EU-27
     average. The following flags are used in the data tables:

     b      break in series        f       forecast

     e      estimates              :       not available

     p      provisional value      -       not relevant

     The charts

     The 14 indicators are presented in two charts which compare the actual value with the EU-27
     value 1 , illustrating in which areas a particular Member State is performing better or worse
     than the European average.

     The “At risk of poverty” indicator measures relative poverty in a particular country and the
     EU-27 average is computed as a population-weighted average of individual national values. A
     comparison of national values with the EU-27 average can therefore be difficult to interpret,
     and may give a different result than if risk-of-poverty rates were computed based on a
     common reference threshold. During the transition to data production under the new EU-SILC
     regulation by all Member States with effect from 2005, indicators were drawn from national
     sources which were not fully harmonised. The indicators are computed using an income
     definition which until 2007 excludes imputed rent revenues and mortgage interest payments.

     For the presentation in charts, indicators have been divided into two groups:




     1
         Values in the chart = Current national value / Current EU-27 value * 100



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     • First chart; those indicators for which increasing values indicate a positive trend, i.e. where
       a value of the indicator above 100 when compared to EU-27 is a relatively good
       performance;

     • Second chart; those indicators for which decreasing values indicate a positive trend, i.e.
       where a value of the indicator below 100 when compared to EU-27 is a relatively good
       performance.

     The charts also display the two central EU targets of reaching 3 % of expenditure on Research
     and Development and an overall employment rate of 70 % by 2010. In the same way as the
     indicators are compared to the EU-value, the targets have been converted to a ratio which
     compares the EU target to the real EU-27 value in 2006 (or latest year available).

     Data sources

     All indicators were extracted from the Eurostat database on 19 November 2007. The source of
     the information is Eurostat in all cases except for Greenhouse gas emissions (European
     Environment Agency and European Topic Centre on Air Climate Change) and Gross
     Domestic expenditure on R&D (Eurostat and OECD).

     The European Council has invited Member States to set up national targets on the
     employment rate and on the gross domestic expenditures on R&D as a share of GDP. The
     national targets presented are those that respond to this invitation and have been extracted
     from the respective National Reform Programs.

     Explanation of abbreviations

     EU-27:         European Union (27 countries)

     Euro Area:     Euro Area (13 countries for all years)




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