Classification of Hazardous Waste in EU legislation – experience .ppt by lovemacromastia

VIEWS: 56 PAGES: 54

									 Workshop on Hazardous Waste Management

  Classification of Hazardous Waste
           in EU Legislation
(2) Experience of the Czech Republic

      Jaromír MANHART
  12. - 13. October 2010   Turkey, Izmir
 HARMONISED (EWL)
 EUROPEAN WASTE LIST
Commission Decision
 2000/532/EC of 3.5.2000 replacing Decision
 94/3/EC establishing a list of wastes
 pursuant to Article 1(a) of Council Directive 75/442/EEC on
 waste and Council Decision 94/904/EC establishing a list of
 hazardous waste pursuant to Article 1(4) of Council
 Directive 91/689/EEC on hazardous waste


Council Decision 2001/573/EC of
 23.7.2001 amending Commission Decision
 2000/532/EC as regards the list of wastes
HAZARDOUS WASTES PROPERTIES
        HW = waste showing 1 or > hazardous waste
                          properties
15 hazardous waste properties
H1-Explosive - substances and preparati-
  ons which may explode under the effect
  of flame or which are more sensitive to
  shocks or friction than dinitrobenzene
H2-Oxidizing - waste causing fire or increase risk of fire
  if it comes in contact with a flammable material
H3A/B-High-/inflammability - liquid substances and
  preparations having a flash point below 21 °C
  (including extremely flammable liquids), or substances
  and preparations which may become hot and finally
  catch fire in contact with air at ambient temperature
  without any application of energy, or solid substances
  and preparations which may readily
HAZARDOUS WASTES PROPERTIES
H4-Irritant - non-corrosive substances and
 preparations which, through immediate, prolonged
 or repeated contact with the skin or mucous
 membrane, can cause inflammation
H5-Harmful - substances and preparations which, if
 they are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate the
 skin, may involve limited health risks
H6-Toxic - substances and preparations (including
 very toxic substances and preparations) which, if
 they are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate the
 skin, may involve serious, acute or chronic health
 risks and even death
H7-Carcinogen - substances and preparations which,
 if they are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate
 the skin, may induce cancer or increase its
 incidence
HAZARDOUS WASTES PROPERTIES
H8-Corrosive - substances and preparations which
 may destroy living tissue on contact
H9-Infectious - substances and preparations
 containing viable micro-organisms or their toxins
 which are known or reliably believed to cause
 disease in man or other living organisms
H10-Toxic for reproduction - substances and
 preparations which, if they are inhaled or ingested or
 if they penetrate the skin, may induce non-
 hereditary congenital alformations or increase their
 incidence
H11-Mutagenic - substances and preparations which,
 if they are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate
 the skin, may induce hereditary genetic defects or
 increase their incidence
HAZARDOUS WASTES PROPERTIES
H12-Waste which releases toxic or very toxic
 gases in contact with water, air or an acid
H13-Sensitizing - substances and preparations
 which, if they are inhaled or if they penetrate the
 skin, are capable of eliciting a reaction of
 hypersensitization such that on further exposure to
 the substance or preparation, characteristic adverse
 effects are produced (testing methods not
 available yet)
H14-Ecotoxic - Waste capable by any means, after
 disposal, of yielding another substance, e.g. a
 leachate, which possesses any of the characteristics
 listed above
H15-Waste capable by any means, after
 disposal, of yielding another substance,
 e.g. a leachate, which possesses any of the
 characteristics listed above
                         Hazardous Properties
                         of Chemicals

                             Highly flammable (F)

 Explosive (E)                                                      Corrosive (C)


                                                    Extremely flammable (F+)
            Oxidizing agent (O)




                                  Very toxic (T+)
                 Toxic (T)                           Harmful (Xn)
Dangerous for the environment (N)
                                                                       Irritant (Xi)
CLASSIFICATION AND EVALUATION
OF HW PROPERTIES I
Specially authorized persons
 - Ministry of the Environment, or
 - Ministry of Health
MoENV authorizes only for H1-H3, H12,
 H14, H15
 85 people/companies

MoHealth authorizes only for H4-H11,
 H13
  6 people/organizations
 (must be MUDr. – doctor)
CLASSIFICATION AND EVALUATION
OF HW PROPERTIES II
Experts in waste management,
 chemical management or similar
 branches
10 years experience in the field
University graduated persons
Need the special training course
Every year sampling and legislative
 training
Valid for 3 years
EUROPEAN WASTE LIST BACKGROUND
Structure and industrial branch system
Chapters 01 – 20
Subchapters 01 XX – 20 XX
Six-digit code XX XX XX
Non-hazardous XX XX XX waste
Hazardous XX XX XX* waste
XX XX 99 - wastes not otherwise specified(*)
839 all codes
401 hazardous codes (+ 5 more Czech Rep.)
CATALOGUES OF WASTES – HISTORY
     IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC
1st CW   August, 1st 1991
         706      H 358

2nd CW   December, 11th 1997
         669    H 388

3rd CW   November, 17th 2002 - 08
         839    H 401+3(+2)
CZECH HAZARDOUS EXCEPTIONS
401 hazardous wastes codes in the EWL
    3 codes considered as hazardous
18 01 09* wastes from human care - medicines
  other than those mentioned in 18 01 08
18 02 08* wastes from animals care - medicines
  other than those mentioned in 18 02 07
20 01 32* municipal wastes - medicines other than
  those mentioned in 20 01 31
           2    other special exceptions
18 01 01 wastes from human care - sharps (except
  18 01 03)
18 02 01 wastes from animal care - sharps (except
  18 02 02)
EWL – USE AND PURPOSE

Harmonisation
Identification
Reporting system
Comparability of data on wastes
 production and their management
EU wastes statistic (EUROSTAT)
Different systems – AT, FI
Codes added on the list – CZ, PL
 EWL – CLASSIFICATION, STEP 1
1) Identify the source producing the waste
      01 to 12 or 17 to 20
2) Identify the appropriate six-digit code of the waste
  (excluding codes ending „99“ of these chapters)

A specific production unit may need to classify its activities
  in several chapters.

E.g.: a car manufacturer may find its wastes in:
 - 12 (wastes from shaping/surface treatment of metals),
 - 11 (inorganic wastes containing metals from metal
   treatment and the coating of metals),
 - 08 (wastes from the use of coatings);
       depending on the different process steps.
EWL – CLASSIFICATION, STEP 2
3) Separately collected packaging waste
  (incl. mixtures of different packaging
  materials) shall be classified in 15 01 not
  in 20 01
4) No appropriate code found in chapters
 01 - 12 or 17 - 20 → chapters 13, 14 and
 15
5) No waste codes in 13, 14, 15 → chapter
  16
6) No waste in 16 → „99“ code must be
  used in the section of the list
  corresponding to the activity identified in
  step one.
 THE PROBLEMATIC PARTS
 OF THE EWL I
18 01 03* vs. 18 01 04
        human care wastes – Diapers
       (infectious → incinerated as HW)
16 01 the rest of the engine and gearbox containing
  oils
15 01 02 and 15 01 07 vs. 15 01 10*
       plastic or glass packaging / HW packaging
15 01 04 vs. 15 01 11*
        metallic packaging / HW packaging
12 01 01 and 12 01 03
       ferrous and non-ferrous metal filings/turnings
       containing oil/water-oil emulsion
17 02 C&D wood, glass and plastic vs. 17 09 03*
       used wood train-sleepers
THE PROBLEMATIC PARTS
OF THE EWL II
„99“ should be described by waste producers
 properly
WEEE is not sufficiently described –16 02 13*/
 16 02 14 or 20 01 35* /20 01 36
POPs wastes codes – just can write
 „…containing pesticides…“ but for nothing
Hazardous properties are not described well in
 the EWL e.g. asbestos waste containing
 POPs – which is worse asbestos or POPs?
THE PROBLEMATIC PARTS
OF THE EWL III
Waste used solvents containing 85 % of oil
 – is waste oil or solvent?
Glass-ceramic construction fibres? HW x non-HW
Asbestos-cement roof coverings (roofings)?
                               HW x non-HW
Empty glass packaging from medicine?
                               HW x non-HW
A drip empty packaging used in hospital (without
  syringe/injection) ?        HW x non-HW
Waste from medicure/manicure, blood
  tampons, skin, nails?       HW x non-HW
DATA GENERATED BY INSTITUTE
VÚV/CeHO
VÚV/CeHO      http://www.vuv.cz
The T. G. Masaryk Water Research
 Institute, Public Research Institution,
 established by the Ministry of the
 Environment of the Czech Republic
http://www.vuv.cz/ceho/isoh/fin.p
 hp
http://www.vuv.cz/ceho/isoh/
WM2006 = WASTE MANAGEMENT IN 2006
EWL – Waste Example I
02 01 WASTES FROM AGRICULTURE,
  HORTICULTURE, AQUACULTURE, FORESTRY,
  HUNTING AND FISHING
02 01 08* agrochemical waste containing
  dangerous substances
15 WASTE PACKAGING; ABSORBENTS, WIPING
  CLOTHS, FILTER MATERIALS AND PROTECTIVE
  CLOTHING NOT OTHERWISE SPECIFIED
15 01 packaging (incl. separately collected
  municipal packaging)
15 01 10* packaging containing residues of or
  contaminated by dangerous substances
15 01 11* metallic packaging containing a
  dangerous solid porous matrix (e.g.
  asbestos), incl. empty pressure containers
      EWL – Waste Example II

20 MUNICIPAL WASTES (HOUSEHOLD WASTE
  AND SIMILAR COMMERCIAL, INDUSTRIAL
  AND INSTITUTIONAL WASTES) INCLUDING
  SEPARATELY COLLECTED FRACTIONS

20 01 separately collected fractions (except 15 01)

20 01 19* pesticides
   Usual Ways of Packaging Disposal

D1 Deposit into or onto land (e.g. landfill, etc.)
D5 Depositing in specially engineered landfills (e.g. placement
 into lined discrete cells which are capped and isolated from
 one another and the environment, etc.)
D9 Physico-chemical treatment which results in final
 compounds or mixtures which are discarded by means of any
 of the operations numbered D1 to D12 (e.g. evaporation,
 drying, calcination, etc.)
D10 Incineration on land
D12 Final or permanent storage
D13 Modification of the composition or mixing of waste prior to
 its disposal by any of the operations numbered D1 to D12
USUAL WAYS OF PACKAGING
RECOVERY
R1 Recovery of waste in a manner similar
 to fuels or in some other manner for
 energy production
R4 Recycling/recovery of metals and metal
 compounds
R11 Recovery of waste generated by any of
 the operations numbered R1 to R 10
R12 Preliminary treatment of waste for any
 of the operations numbered R1 to R 11
   02 01 08* agrochemical waste
   containing dangerous substances [T]
9000               8422,7434


                                    PRODUCTION
6000




3000
       2027,4309
                               1245,2542   1191,539   1337,043


   0
         2002        2003        2004        2005       2006
        WM2006:       D1, 9, 10, 13             R1
   15 01 10* packaging containing residues
   of or contaminated by danger. subst. [T]
60000   PRODUCTION                                   48010,255
                            45147,3242
                                         42382,782
                 35705,5869
        34819,8932

30000




    0
          2002       2003        2004      2005        2006

         WM2006: D1, 5, 9, 10 R1, 4, 11, 12
  15 01 11* metallic packaging containing danger.
 solid porous matrix (e.g. asbestos), incl. empty
 pressure containers [T]
                1734,0298
2000
       1691,7073              PRODUCTION
1500
                                                960,062
1000
                         806,9011
                                     628,491
 500



   0
         2002     2003      2004       2005       2006
          WM2006: D1, 9, 10, 13     R1, 4, 12
  20 01 19* pesticides
  (household separated waste) [T]

450   415,663
                    PRODUCTION                 274,234
                          234,0374
300
               206,9283                224,9

150




  0
      2002        2003      2004        2005      2006

             WM2006: D9,10,13        R 1, 12
 Health Care Waste Classification
 European Waste List I
839 waste types / 401 hazardous-W (3 CZ)
18 WASTES FROM HUMAN OR ANIMAL
  HEALTH CARE AND/OR RELATED
  RESEARCH (except kitchen and
  restaurant wastes not arising
  from immediate health care)
18 01     wastes from natal care,
  diagnosis, treatment or prevention of
  disease in humans
18 02     wastes from research, diagnosis,
  treatment or prevention of disease involving
  animals
18 01 HCW or prevention of disease
in humans PRODUCTION in 2008 (I)
18 01 01 * = 246.996 t
(sharps)
18 01 02 = 66.807 t
(body parts)
18 01 03* = 26 134.979 t
(mixed HCW infectious, hazardous)
18 01 04 = 6.971 t
(mixed HCW non-infectious, no-hazard)
       18 01 01 (CZ*!!)
       sharps (except 18 01 03)                                 [T]
1200
                                                       1009,032
1000
            PRODUCTION
 800                                         736,101

 600


 400
                         356,779
                                   307,204
        244,43 236,331                                            246,996
 200


   0
         2002   2003      2004      2005      2006       2007      2008
  18 01 02 body parts and organs
  including blood bags and blood
  preserves (except 18 01 03)                                   [T]
250
                  PRODUCTION
      191,546
200                                151,935             190,543
                                             123,992
150             136,56
                         103,546
100
                                                                 66,807
 50


  0
       2002      2003      2004     2005      2006       2007     2008
 18 01 03* wastes whose collection and
 disposal is subject to special requirement
 in order to prevent infection     [T]
36000
                                                     34672,545

30000               PRODUCTION
                                                               26134,979

24000                                       21366,508
               20068,321
                                  19634,9
18000

                         18898,732
    17138,052
12000



 6000



    0
        2002      2003     2004      2005     2006      2007      2008
  18 01 04 wastes whose collection
  and disposal is not subject to special requirements
  in order to prevent infection (for example dressings,
  plaster casts, linen, disposable clothing, diapers) [T]
10000                   9377,784

8000                              PRODUCTION
        5739,369
6000

               4534,828
4000
                                 1600,828
                                               1501,95
2000
                                       1212,679
                                                          6,971
   0
        2002     2003     2004      2005    2006   2007    2008
  18 01 06* chemicals consisting of or
  containing dangerous substances [T]
500
                 PRODUCTION
400
                                          333,134
              327,153
                                                            276,812
300
                                                  231,771
      161,632
200                    152,559
                                 108,59
100


  0
       2002     2003    2004      2005     2006     2007     2008
  18 01 08* cytotoxic and cytostatic
  medicines             [T]
100

       PRODUCTION               79,056
 80                                               72,495

                                         57,917
 60            53,31   50,456                              51,575

 40   31,713

 20


  0
       2002    2003     2004     2005     2006     2007     2008
 18 01 09 (CZ*!!) medicines other than
 those mentioned in 18 01 08     [T]

500
                                                           357,907
                       PRODUCTION
400                                               345,493

300                                     284,456
              121,554
200                            136,455
      111,765
100                    63,321
  0
       2002     2003    2004     2005      2006     2007     2008
     18 01 10* amalgam waste from
     dental care        [T]
10



 8            PRODUCTION

 6
                              3,563
              3,226
 4
                                                     2,352
                                             1,883
 2                    1,087
      0,653
 0
       2002   2003     2004   2005    2006    2007   2008
COLLORS SEPARATING BAGS AND
CONTAINERS FOR COLLECTION OF HCW
Collection means: packaging, bags,
   containers in hospitals or surgeries
YELLOW         – infectious
RED            – combustible (hazardous)
BLACK          – pathologic-anatomic
BLUE           – other waste (non-hazardous)
GREEN          – waste to be decontaminated
Transparent – household similar HCW

BASED ON RECOMMENDATIONS OF „WHO“
   GUIDELINE
Collection means – SIZE and NEEDS
PLASTIC BAGS
- FOR COLLECTION MAXIMUM OF 100 litres,
    MINIMUM WALL THICKNESS 0.1 mm
HARD CONTAINERS
- MATERIALS OF CONTAINERS BREAKING-PROFF,
    DOUBLE-WALL
- IF RETURNABLE – MUST BE CLEANED AND
    DISINFECTED OR STERILIZED
NO PAPER CONTAINERS – dangerous for sharps,
    needles
LABELLING
WASTE TYPES

ONE-WAY AND CLOSED/WITH COVERS „ONE-
  CLICK-AWAY“
02 03 04* materials unsuitable for
30        consumption or processing [T]
                       24,175

20
     14,132
              13,195
                       10,466
10
                                       6,41
                                               4,916

 0
      2002     2003     2004    2005   2006    2007
         WMU: D1, D10                     R1
   02 03 99* wastes not otherwise
4500          4455,076      specified [T]
4000

3500

3000                    2515,29
2500

2000
                                  1659,27
       1577,44
1500                                                 918,025
1000                                        635,28
 500

   0
        2002     2003     2004      2005     2006     2007
         WMU: D1                    R3
USUAL “20 01 21*“ RECOVERY
and DISPOSAL
R4 Recycling/recovery of metals/its compounds
R12 Preliminary treatment of waste for any of
the operations numbered R1 to R 11


D9 Physico-chemical treatment which results in final
compounds or mixtures which are disposed of by
means of any D1 to D12 (e.g. evaporation, drying)
D10 Incineration on land
D15 Storage of waste pending its disposal
  20 01 21* fluorescent tubes and other
           mercury containing waste [T]
2000                         1889,168

                  1664,742

1500
       1344,265

                                        1095,973
1000
                                                             837,958

                                                   629,133

 500




   0
         2002       2003       2004       2005      2006      2007
Waste Types of PCB waste management
  Decree No. 381/2001 Coll., European Waste
   List Catalogue Numbers used for statistical
                        data:
13 01 01* hydraulic oils, containing PCBs
13 03 01* insulating/heat oils containing PCBs
16 01 09* components containing PCBs
16 02 09* transformers/capacitors containing PCBs
16 02 10* equipment containing or contaminated by
 PCBs other than those in 16 02 09
17 09 02* construction and demolition wastes
 containing PCB (for example PCB containing
 sealants, PCB-containing resin-based floorings,
 PCB-containing sealed glazing units, PCB-
 containing capacitors)
 WAYS OF PCB WASTE MANAGEMENT
D8 Biological treatment which results in final compounds
 or mixtures which are discarded by means of any of the
 operations numbered D1 to D12
D9 Physico-chemical treatment which results in final
 compounds or mixtures which are discarded by means
 of any of the operations numbered D1 to D12 (e.g.
 evaporation, drying, calcination, etc.)
D10 Incineration on land
D12 Final or permanent storage
 (e.g. emplacement in containers in mines)
D15 Storage of waste pending its disposal by any of the
 operations numbered D1 to R14 (except for temporary
 storage at the place of generation prior to accumulation
 of the required quantity)
PCBs, PCBs WASTE, PCBs EQUIPMENTS

PCB inventory in the period
                1.1.2002 – 30.4.2009
Number of companies and organisations
 in 14 Czech regions:

  made the inventory      1250
   PCBs owners             214
   PCB-free equip. owners 1036
 PCBs National Inventory
 30.4.2009
Summary of inventory (pieces)     24.824 pc
Containing PCBs!!!                16.390 pc
May contain PCBs???               8.434 pc
+ other PCB-equipment         7.026 kg

Volume of PCBs in equipments
  (tonnes of liquids with PCBs inside):

Containing PCBs!!!                    9.193,39 t

May contain PCBs??                        3.227,79 t
Disposal of obsolete pesticides 2003-2007

Disposal/T 2003   2004   2005   2006   2007

Support   93.051 75.591 24.407 25.898 141

No supp. -        -      1.301 1.219   -




 Money and data given by the Ministry
 of Agriculture of the Czech Republic
 EXPORT OF PCBs WASTE 1999 - 2002
 NO EXPORT OF POPs SINCE 2002
Export/T    1999      2000     2001      2002

Amount     281.84     230.96   96.74     87.27

Country    BE,NL,DE   DE,NL    DE        DE

Waste      Oil       WEEE      WEEE      WEEE
R/Dcode    R12,3,4,5 D12,15    D12,15    D12,15
           BE, NL    DE        DE        DE

WEEE = small and big capacitors, transformers and
 others
DISPOSAL CAPACITY FOR POPs WASTE
2 hazardous waste incinerators for PCB
   waste
- total capacity 20,000 t/year = 1,800 t
   of capacitors containing PCBs; solids,
   oils, capacitors (up to 100 kg), soil,
   sludge, C&D, paste containing PCBs
Dismantling decontamination unit for
   transformers and capacitors with PCBs
1 Thermal desorption unit
1 BCD technology in Spolana Neratovice
   – PCDD/F waste capacity of about
   45,000 tonnes (PCDD/F, OCPs, HCH…)
DISPOSAL CAPACITY FOR WASTES
CONTAINING PCB
6 waste co-incineration cement kilns
  for wastes limited content of PCB
Only 1 of 6 took 2005-2007 waste oil
Limit is between 20 - 30 ppm PCB

IN DEVELOPMENT
Biodegradable unit for soil containing
 PCB
Microwave thermal desorption unit
CMD unit
 PROBLEMS AND ISSUES TO BE SOLVED

LOW COMPOSTING
BETTER SEPARATION – organic waste
LACK OF FACILITIES – MBT of BDMW/BDW
LANDFILLING – high 69 % of mixed MW
Technical material for the purpose of
 technical securing of the landfill is higher
 than 25 %
FEES for HAZ-waste are not paid
 administratively and regularly ► Czech
 ENV Inspectorate FINE!!
 EWL CLASSIFICATION
 RECOMMENDATION
More people working together
Discussion on different classification
Practicians and Officials
Final classification should not change
To take into account disposal capacity
Possibilities of the country
To be or not to be STRICT
HW x non-HW
Teşekkür Ederim


    Jaromír
   MANHART
Ministry of the Environment
Environmental Damage Department
Vršovická 65
100 10 PRAHA 10               ++420 267 12 2109
Česká republika              ++420 776 27 87 37

                JAROMIR.MANHART@MZP.CZ
              MANHARTJAROMIR@SEZNAM.CZ

								
To top