2b_Food_Production_and_Markets-1 by yaoyufang

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									FOOD PRODUCTION AND
      MARKETS
             Learning objective

Analyse the impacts at a variety of scales of trade
 barriers, agricultural subsidies, bilateral and
 multi-lateral agreements, and TNCs on the
 production and availability of food.
THE ISSUES
• HIC’s (High Income Countries) such as USA and a number of
  EU countries protect their domestic agriculture.
• This restricts access to these large developed markets and
  prevents LIC’s (Low Income Countries) from exporting
  goods to Europe and the USA.

• Europe and the USA make exceptions for certain tropical
  produce such as bananas and coffee.

• In addition, the HIC producers (especially the USA) are able
  to export large quantities of staple crops such as wheat and
  corn to LIC’s.

• This impedes the development of a strong domestic
  agricultural sector within many LIC’s.
The main trading blocs
       MAP TO SHOW AGRICULTURAL TRADE
Use the map below to describe the main flows of food exports and imports. (use
regions/continents in your answer highlighting most common feature but also
mentioning any anomalies).
Extension activity - do the same exercise for the Rabobank map (link on our website)
DEFINITIONS
Write a one sentence definition of the following
words in terms of agriculture.
• TRADE BARRIERS (TARIFF or NON
  TARIFF)
• QUOTAS
• GUARANTEED PRICE
• SUBSIDIES
• TRADING AGREEMENTS
• TNC’s
   REASONS FOR PATTERNS IN FOOD
 PRODUCTION AND LOCATED EXAMPLES
1. TRADE BARRIERS (EU and CAP, ‘Food and Famine’
   Chapter 4)
2. AGRIBUSINESS and TNC’s (‘Food and Famine’ Chapter 4)
3. SUBSIDIES (France and Mali on ‘Battle over Trade’ site)
4. TRADING AGREEMENTS (Banana exports - Jamaica, UK
   and USA – see ‘Life and Debt’)


  Resources
  The Battle Over Trade - BBC Special Report - see link on www.ecumene.co.uk
  ‘Food and Famine’ - Chapter 4
  Life and debt DVD

  Also
  ‘IB Study Guide’ - p.124
  'Agriculture and Food' - p.114-115, 110
  Other links on 'Trading Patterns' list of links.
WHAT TO DO
For each of the 4 reasons do the following....
Explain how each of the four reasons have affected food
production in LICs and HICs.
                     Trade barriers   Agribusiness   Subsidies   Trading
                                                                 agreements


   Read places and
   data


   Advantages

   Disadvantages

								
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