Television Production Handbook
Producing – The business of taking a concept to completion.
Preproduction Planning – From Idea to Script
Note: When it comes to budget and time instead of looking at what you don’t have
concentrate on all the resources and time available to you.
1. Program Ideas
a. Brainstorming – Record a session of starting with one idea and building
b. Clustering – Writing down ideas using a flow chart layout.
c. Organizing ideas – Different individuals researching certain aspects of the
2. Production Models
a. Effect-to-cause model – The effect a message will have on an audience
and the process of causing that effect.
i. Helps to streamline production process
b. Process Message – The effect information will have on an audience by
watching and listening to media.
c. Defined Process Message – The intent of the production to cause a certain
d. Actual Process Message – The effect that is achieved on the audience.
3. Writing The Program Proposal
a. A written document that states what is intended. It briefly explains the
process message and the major aspects of the presentation.
i. Program or Series Title – Short & impactful/memorable
ii. Objective (Process Message) – The intent of the program
iii. Target Audience – Age group, ethnic group, sex
iv. Show format – length, type (documentary, news, series)
v. Show Treatment – Written story
vi. Production Method – Where, when, how, single camera, multi-
vii. Tentative budget – List resources needed
4. Preparing A Budget
a. Two Types of budget breakdowns
i. Budget by preproduction, production and postproduction
ii. Budget by Above The Line & Below The Line costs
b. Always add 15-20% contingency
5. Writing The Script
Preproduction Planning – Coordination
Note: Important question to ask, “Can this production happen given the resources”?
Note: Paying attention to detail makes for a good producer.
a. Establish a database of names, addresses, emails and cell numbers
2. Facilities Request
a. Form for requesting time, space, resources in the studio and on location
a. Production Schedule – States who is doing what, when and where over the
course of the production
4. Permits and Clearances
e. Principal’s approval – Always send him a email to keep him in the loop of
what is happening on campus
5. Publicity and Promotion
d. Email Campaigns
e. Social Networks – Facebook, Youtube, Twitter
Line Producer: Host and Watchdog
1. Line producer – daily production tasks
2. Taking care of the guest
b. Green Room
3. Watching the production
a. Watch for too much downtime
b. Watch for director obsessing over takes
c. Watch for lingering set up times
Note: Write thank you notes
1. Postproduction Editing
2. Evaluation and Feedback
a. Previewing of show by a select group of people
b. If showing an incomplete project always view on the computer project is
a. Burn a DVD of project
b. Save the Quicktime file to server
c. Export the project to Schooltube, Youtube, Livestream
d. Put together a file that contains important information
i. Program Proposal
ii. The Budget
iii. The Time line – including rehearsals, crew calls, etc.
iv. Facilities Request
v. List of production personnel
vi. List of talent
vii. Talent contracts
ix. Various Permits
x. Shooting Script