DCG 6-14-2001

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					                         CENTRAL WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY


            The Design and Construction Guidelines (DCG) are intended to assure the campus
            is provided with functional and long-lasting buildings, based on the experience with
            existing campus buildings, and maintenance issues that have been encountered.
            This information is to be applied to renovation and new construction on all Central
            Washington University campuses from the very first planning and design phases
            through construction and facilities maintenance and management. Facilities
            personnel within the University, as well as outside architects, consultants, and
            contractors should become familiar with these standards. A separate Professional
            Services Guide (PSG) will be provided to all consultants doing business with CWU
            to explain project administrative requirements such as invoicing, document
            submittals and drawing format standards.

            A. DCG Scope. The DCG shall serve as a code of quality for all CWU design,
               construction, and maintenance procedures. The level of quality deemed by any
               one guideline is determined on the basis of reliability, serviceability, safety, and
               cost (including design, construction, inventory, operating, and maintenance
               costs). These guidelines are organized initially by general information, followed
               by Divisions (0-17) relating to the Construction Specifications Institute (CSI)
               standard. Some of the sections within each division may not correspond exactly
               with the official CSI numbering. This has been done for clarity as well as
               simplification of the guidelines text.

            B. Revisions to the DCG. The information in this document is not project specific,
               but common to all facilities. If any project cannot incorporate the guidelines set
               forth herein because of its particular program limitations and/or special
               conditions, the issues in question should be brought to the attention of the
               Facilities Planning and Construction Services (FPCS) Project Manager for
               clarification and/or authorization. Substitutions to suggested products, including
               any and all deviation(s) from the material(s) or brand name(s) suggested herein,
               must be approved by the Project Manager or authorized representative with the
               agreement of FMD shop managers. Proposed modifications or revisions to these
               guidelines shall be submitted to the Manager of Facilities Planning &
               Construction Services with Appendix A – the “Project-Specific Modification or
               Document Change Proposal Form” - and will be reviewed by the DCG
               committee. Once changes are adopted, addenda will be issued to those
               registered on the mailing list.

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            C. Guidelines versus Specifications. These guidelines form the basis from which to
               create specifications. The use and inclusion of these standards in bid documents
               does not relieve the consultant of the responsibility and legal liability for any bid
               documents created from these guidelines.

            General Design Guidelines

            A. Goals. The following goals provide the basis for this section:

                 1. Projects' aesthetics must contribute to the improvement of the institutional
                    image and establish a sense of visual continuity throughout the campus.

                 2. Cost effectiveness, maintainability, life cycle costs, budget constraints, safety
                    and the operational aspects of the University's facilities must always be

                 3. Infrastructure systems must integrate/interface with and/or improve existing
                    systems and jurisdictions.

                 4. Landscaping and open spaces must preserve and complement existing
                    features, pedestrian and vehicular traffic, and the outdoor environment.

            B. Energy Conservation. The University, as a large user of energy in the operation
               of its facilities, tries to minimize its energy consumption within the bounds of
               safety and functional requirements. This implies a comprehensive,
               interdisciplinary approach to energy-efficient design. Examples include the use
               of native vegetation in landscaping, proper building orientation, adequate
               fenestration, appropriate design and performance of mechanical systems, etc.
               Refer to the Washington State Energy Code for guidelines regarding the
               University's energy conservation objectives.

            C. Acoustical Privacy. These guidelines apply to all rooms requiring acoustical
               protection and/or isolation. The items to be considered as general design
               considerations are as follows:

                 1. All plumbing penetrations in walls must be caulked airtight with acoustical

                 2. Where recessed fixtures of any type are installed (e.g., medicine cabinets, fire
                    extinguishers, electric panels, drinking fountains, bookcases, etc.,) the
                    Consultant must ensure that the required acoustical isolation extends behind
                    these elements.

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                 3. Installation of noise-generating equipment (such as telephones, drinking
                    fountains, vending machines, etc.) should be avoided on walls or rooms
                    requiring acoustical protection.

                 4. Use surface-mounted fixtures in rooms adjacent to areas requiring acoustical
                    protection to minimize sound transference.

                 5. Locate doors to rooms requiring acoustical protection so that neighboring
                    rooms do not have adjoining doors or openings on opposite sides of corridors
                    facing each other. In cases where acoustical isolation is imperative on both
                    sides of corridors, all doors should be staggered.

                 6. Avoid placing doors to rooms requiring acoustical isolation opposite to
                    stairwells, elevator lobbies or restrooms.

                 7. When possible, the gap at the bottom of all doors should not exceed 1/2".

                 8. Do not locate restrooms (public or private) or lounges directly over rooms
                    requiring acoustical protection, especially rooms having non-carpeted

                 9. Separate studs, with a structural in-wall air gap, must isolate the jambs of all
                    heavily-used corridor doors from any adjacent rooms requiring acoustical

                 10. Mechanical equipment, piping and conduit in spaces above, beside, or below
                     rooms requiring acoustical isolation must be vibration-isolated from walls,
                     floors and ceilings.

                 11. Demising walls for general purpose instructional spaces should have a Sound
                     Transmission Coefficient (STC) rating of 50, although higher ratings may be
                     required depending on the room(s) proximity to noise-generating spaces such
                     as mechanical rooms, elevator(s) shafts, restrooms, etc. Ceiling height and
                     material(s) shall provide a Noise Reduction Coefficient (NRC) of .55 to .65.
                     See Section 3.3.16 E for detailed general purpose instructional spaces
                     acoustical requirements.

                 12. Back-to-back utility installations shall be avoided. Place these installations
                     one stud spacing apart to avoid sound transmission.

            D. Buildings Configuration. Minimize the ratio of the surface area of walls and
               roofing to the gross building area as much as possible to reduce heat loss and/or
               heat gain. Design roofs to shed snow, ice and rain in a controlled manner and
               away from the path of building occupants. All entries and exits must be protected
               from snowfall by their specific roof design, not by roof-level barriers.

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            E. Environmental Issues. There may be environmental issues which must be
               addressed in the early planning stages of a project and for this purposes, Risk
               Management and Campus Safety requirements must be considered. Of the
               greatest concern are environmental regulations imposed at the local, state and
               federal levels pertaining to air and water quality mandating that considerations be
               given to vehicular emissions and discharges to storm and/or sanitary systems, as
               well as the handling of solid and hazardous substances, including their disposal.

            F. Custodial Closets.
               1. One custodial closet must be provided for every ten to fifteen thousand
                  (10,000-15,000) Net Assignable Square Feet (NASF) of floor area. In
                  multistory buildings, provide one custodial closet per floor, minimum.
                  Custodial closets shall not be placed any farther than three hundred feet
                  (300') from each other on a single floor. For all new construction, including
                  remodelings and additions, verify any and all particular requirements for
                  custodial closets requirements with the FPCS Project Manager.

                 2. Ideally, custodial closets should be located near elevators, toilets, or
                    centralized among the areas they will service. Do not locate custodial closets
                    on stair landings.

                 3. Entrances to custodial closets through restrooms, mechanical rooms or
                    similar intermediate spaces and vice versa are not permitted.

                 4. Do not locate components of any telecommunications, electrical or
                    mechanical systems in custodial closets. Specifically, the following shall not
                    be located inside custodial closets:
                    a Desks
                    b Telephone Panels
                    c Electrical Panels
                    d Water Heaters
                    e Circulation Pumps
                    f Mechanical Equipment
                    g Roof hatches/access panels

                 5. A large capacity floor sink with hot and cold running water and a floor drain
                    must be provided in each custodial closet. Provide a threaded hose bib
                    faucet. Sinks are best located near the door and should be positioned so
                    cleaning machines and equipment can be maneuvered easily and emptied in
                    the sink prior to being refilled.

                 6. Provide doors that open outward. A three-foot (3') wide single door is
                    adequate except in cases where the closet is wide and relatively shallow in
                    depth. In those cases, double doors may be required.

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                 7. Provide shelving on three walls for a minimum of fifteen linear feet (15') with a
                    minimum of fourteen inches (14") clearance measured vertically between
                    shelves. Mop hangers and racks for mops, hoses or brooms must also be

                 8. At least two (2) 125 volts, 20 amps, GFI electrical duplex outlets are required
                    in each custodial closet. Occupancy sensor lighting control is desired, but not
                    imperative. Lighting level design standard should be figured at 50-75 fc level
                    maintained. When occupied, adequate ventilation and exhaust are essential;
                    provide a minimum of fifteen (15) air changes per hour. Barring fire rating
                    restrictions, the door must have a ventilation louver and a fire extinguisher
                    must be placed immediately outside the door.

                 9. Floors should be either quarry tile, ceramic tile, or sealed concrete. Wall
                    finishes should be lead-free ceramic tile or other impervious material up to
                    fifty-four inches (54") from the floor.

                 10. Semi-gloss or gloss epoxy paint is the minimum finish requirement.

                 11. A one hundred and twenty (120) square feet Custodial Supplies Storage
                     Room shall be provided per building in addition to or combined with the wet
                     custodial closets previously mentioned. Preferred location: near elevators.

            G. Equipment Rooms.

                 1. Provide one (1) 125 volts, 20 amps, duplex outlet, one (1) telephone and one
                    (1) data outlet in each mechanical room, electrical room, substation(s), and
                    penthouse(s). Verify with project Manager if/which equipment room(s) will
                    require a service sink.

                 2. All mechanical equipment rooms and penthouses must have a 3-phase, 50
                    amps receptacle for welders' equipment.

                 3. Cooling towers and chillers shall be located at ground level. They shall never
                    be roof mounted or enclosed at mid-floor levels.

                 4. Transformers, boilers, chillers, and other large equipment shall be located to
                    permit easy servicing, operation and removal. Equipment rooms layout must
                    indicate graphically how servicing, operation and repair clearances are
                    assigned. This graphic representation(s) must include all necessary carrying
                    beams/cranes locations as well as equipment and personnel moving paths
                    from equipment location to point of building egress. Clearly delineate all
                    house keeping pads. Similarly, roofing or roof-mounted maintenance tools

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                     and equipment clearances must be considered and graphically illustrated
                     when designing roof access points.

                 5. Provide adequate circulation around equipment, including valves and
                    accessory piping. Access to equipment rooms must never be by means of
                    ship ladders and/or vertical ladders. Access(es) to and from equipment
                    rooms must be clearly diagrammed in the Schematic Design drawings.

                 6. Mechanical rooms must be thermally, acoustical, and vibration isolated from
                    adjacent spaces.

            H. Maintenance/Materials Storage Room.
               1. Every new CWU building or major remodeling and/or addition project must
                  provide a maintenance and materials storage room. This space should not
                  be combined with another space, such as a custodial closet. This room shall
                  be one hundred (100) square feet minimum (approximate dimensions 10' x
                  10'), with a nine feet (9') high ceiling, and three feet (3') wide access door.

                 2. Locate the maintenance/materials storage room near the service entrance or
                    as otherwise suggested by the Project Manager.

                 3. Two (2) 125 volts, 15 amps, GFI duplex outlets must be provided in the
                    maintenance/materials storage room.

                 4. The maintenance/materials storage room must have heavy-duty/protected
                    lighting fixture(s). Occupancy sensor lighting control is desired, but not

            I. Trash and Recycling Facilities.

                 1. All buildings shall include an area for trash disposal and recycling of

                 2. A recycling paper room of approximately one hundred (100) square feet
                    (approximate dimensions: 10' x 10') must be provided in each facility. The
                    paper recycling room preferred location is near the loading/unloading area or
                    service entrance.

                 3. All trash and recycling areas shall be sheltered from wind and easily
                    accessible by the custodial staff. Location must consider the unpleasant
                    odors normally generated by these spaces.

                 4. Trash pick-up and disposal operations and vehicular accessibility must be
                    carefully studied. Schematic design plans must diagram these

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                 5. Screen all trash collection locations with materials compatible with adjacent

                 6. Provide a hose bib at all trash collection areas.

                 7. All new facilities or major remodeling projects must consider and incorporate
                    locations for recycling bins and trash receptacles.

                 8. Recycling bins shall be located on every floor of every new or remodeled

            J. Loading/Unloading Areas.

                 1. All new or major remodeled facilities shall be provided with off-street
                    adequate service loading and unloading areas. The A/E Consultant shall
                    verify with the Project Manager if the loading/unloading zone requires full
                    loading dock capabilities and to which extent these facilities must be
                    accessible to specific vehicle sizes.

                 2. Many loading and unloading operations may require an indoor or outdoor
                    staging area for packing, unpacking and/or temporary storage of materials.
                    The Detailed Project Program shall list the space allocation for all loading and
                    unloading facilities, and exterior staging areas and consider them at 50% of
                    their total for square foot costs implications. All interior staging areas shall be
                    counted at 100% for cost analyses implications.

                 3. Access to loading/unloading areas must be clearly diagrammed on the
                    Schematic Design drawings.

            K. Restrooms.

                 1. Direct or reflected line of sight into restrooms shall be broken.

                 2. Lighting shall be provided above all enclosed stalls.

                 3. All restrooms to have at least one (1) self-priming floor drain and one (1) hose

                 4. Specify wall-mounted toilets and urinals.

                 5. All wall-mounted fixtures and accessories must have adequate backing.
                    Some rooms may require full plywood backing behind the sheetrock. Verify
                    each room specific requirements with the Project Manager.

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                 6. All lavatories shall be ceramic. Steel lavatories with enamel finish are not

                 7. Provide lead-free ceramic tile walls or wainscots fifty-four inches (54") high
                    minimum with high gloss enamel paint finish above at all restrooms.

                 8. Floors shall be lead-free ceramic tile with unglazed, sealed, lead-free integral
                    dark grout.

                 9. The University may supply some toilet accessories; verify specifics with the
                    Project Manager. Also, refer to Division 10, section 10800 for toilets and bath
                    accessories layout procedures, dimensions, and technical information.

            L. Lobbies.

                 1. Access to buildings shall be through a central, enclosed and lockable lobby

                 2. Provide a vestibule at all buildings main entries unless otherwise indicated in
                    the Detailed Project Program. All vestibules must have walk-off carpet.

                 3. The building lobby shall contain a building directory, a lockable bulletin board
                    and space for one or two telephones, depending on the size of the facility.

                 4. Provide hard flooring in all lobbies and corridors.

                 5. Entrance doors shall be recessed or protected by canopies and/or wing walls.

                 6. Servicing and/or replacement of all lighting in lobbies, atriums and other high-
                    ceiling/high-volume spaces, must be carefully studied during Schematic
                    Design. The placement of any and all fixtures requiring periodic servicing
                    and/or maintenance must be specifically approved by the Project Manager
                    during the Design Development phase, but prior to the Design Development

            M. Stairs.

                 1. All stairs/stairwells lighting fixtures must be accessible from landings using a
                    six feet (6') ladder, maximum.

                 2. All exit stairs must have hard-surface floor coverings. Any carpeted stairway
                    must be approved by the Project Manager.

                 3. Provide one (1) 125 volts, 15 amps, GFI duplex outlet at each stairway floor
                    level landing.

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                 4. Interior stairways shall have rubber tread covers with integral risers, stringer
                    skirts, and rubber flooring at landings.

            N. Offices.

                 1. All office doors must have an eight inches (8") wide vision lite, immediately
                    adjacent to or on the door itself.

                 2. Maximum allowable ambient noise level to meet or exceed: NC 30-35.

                 3. Coordinate space requirements with the Academic Facilities Planning Officer,
                    through the Project Manager.

            O. Instructional Spaces.

                 1. All classroom(s) furnishings, accessibility and required clearances must be
                    diagrammed in the Schematic Design drawings.

                 2. Typical general purpose classroom equipment must include, but not be
                    limited to, the following:
                    a Instructor area: desk and podium or instructors console.
                    b Chalkboards and/or Markerboards.
                    c Tackable display surfaces.
                    d Student seating. Verify seating type on a room-by-room basis.
                    e Trash and recycling receptacles near the classroom door.
                    f Retractable projection screen.
                    g Wall clock.
                    h Pencil sharpener securely mounted with tamper-resistant screws.
                    i Telephone/data outlet.
                    j Broadband video outlet.
                    k Ceiling-mounted Data/Video display unit infrastructure.
                    l General purpose electrical duplex outlets: verify type(s), number, and
                        location for each classroom with the Project Manager. Refer to 3.3.6L.
                        Provide labeling for voice, data, and electrical outlets.

                 3. Verify specific equipment requirements for special-purpose classrooms,
                    lecture halls, seminar rooms, and computer labs with the Project Manager.

                 4. A certain number of classrooms (as a minimum one (1) of each size in any
                    given facility) must be provided with distance-learning equipment
                    infrastructure. Verify specific requirements with the Project Manager.

                 5. Instructional spaces acoustical characteristics to be as follows:
                    a Walls to have a minimum sound transmission class (STC) rating of 50.

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                     b Floor-ceiling assemblies sound transmission class (STC) rating of 58-60.
                     c The surface of the ceiling must be designed to accommodate the required
                       acoustical properties of the room. The area of the ceiling that should be
                       covered with a .55-65 Noise Reduction Coefficient (NRC)-rated acoustical
                       tile is directly related to the ceiling height as follows:
                       1) Eight feet (8') clearance: forty to fifty percent (40%-50%).
                       2) Ten feet (10') clearance: fifty to sixty percent (50%-60%).
                       3) Twelve feet (12') clearance: fifty to sixty percent (50%-60%).
                       4) Mechanical systems ambient noise level must meet or exceed: NC 25-
                       5) Reverberation must be controlled by applying acoustical material to the
                            walls, as necessary.

            P. Safety.

                 1. Notify the University's Department of Environmental Health and Safety
                    (through the Project Manager) of any anticipated or actual hazardous waste
                    generated by the project.

                 2. Materials Safety data Sheets (MSD) for all materials used in the project are
                    an essential part of the required Project Closeout documents to be provided
                    to the University. Any and all materials used in CWU projects shall be
                    asbestos and lead-free.

                 3. Refer to Division 1, Section 1540 of this document for Security and Protection

            Q. Campus Security.

                 1. General. Security is always needed for people, building spaces and
                    equipment. At a minimum, provide a two inch (2") empty conduit installed
                    from building telecommunications room to building telecommunications room
                    and a one-half inch (1/2") empty conduit at all exterior exit doors tied back to
                    telecommunications room(s) for future connection to a security system.
                    Limited access to labs, offices and main computer rooms are always a
                    concern. Access may be by means of keys or magnetic card system(s). In
                    some cases twenty-four (24) hour surveillance may be required.

                 2. Security Levels. In general, there are three different levels of security in most
                    campus facilities although in special cases a fourth level may be required.
                    a Level One (1). Public and Semi-Public Spaces. This security level
                       applies to public spaces with intense traffic and no clear ownership
                       definition. Among the public spaces are: lobbies, unrestricted public
                       corridors, vestibules, classrooms, stairs, elevators, public restrooms, food
                       service facilities, bookstore(s), recreation rooms, parking facilities, etc.

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                       Examples of semi-public spaces are: reception areas, seminar rooms
                       libraries/resource centers, theaters, lecture halls, auditoriums, study areas
                       and conference rooms. The following security measures are
                       recommended for public and semi-public spaces:
                       1) Clearly defined hours of use.
                       2) Well-lighted entries, lobbies and corridors.
                       3) A view into the space(s) before entering.
                       4) Doors lockable only by maintenance staff or Campus Police.
                       5) Visibility from adjacent occupied spaces.
                       6) Emergency telephones linked to campus police 911.
                       7) Easily identifiable and accessible exit routes.
                       8) Fire/smoke alarm system.
                     b Level Two (2). Private and Locked Semi-Public Spaces. Parts of a facility
                       may be secured by locked doors. In those areas, traffic flow is smaller
                       and controlled and more valuable equipment and/or risk factors are
                       involved. Examples of private spaces at this level include: faculty and
                       staff offices, teaching labs, exercise facilities, health and safety areas,
                       lecture halls preparation areas, projection booths, dark rooms, private
                       toilets and baths, special collections areas, general museums and exhibit
                       spaces, mail rooms, police and security areas, campus operation and
                       maintenance spaces, building mechanical and electrical rooms. In
                       addition to the security measures recommended for Level One spaces,
                       these areas should include the following:
                       1) Secured doors with inside, vandal-proof, or pinned hinges and latch
                       2) Lockable windows.
                       3) Controlled/programmable keying system.
                       4) Non-lift sliding windows or doors (if used).
                     c Level Three (3). Secure Spaces. Among these are the following: high-
                       value equipment holding spaces, special collection areas, high value
                       exhibit spaces, supply rooms, computer mainframe rooms, special
                       secured areas, confidential file rooms and vaults. The security
                       requirements for these spaces must be determined on a case-by-case
                       basis, but as a general rule of thumb the following may be considered in
                       addition to all the security features noted before:
                       1) Motion sensors
                       2) Intrusion alarm(s)
                       3) Electronic surveillance
                       4) Time clock access restrictions
                       5) Security guard/patrol intervals
                       6) Special ID detection/access systems
                     d Exterior Security. The protection of people and vehicles at building
                       exteriors is extremely important. Security at walkways, entries, loading
                       and unloading areas, near ground floor windows and building indentations
                       can be significantly enhanced by applying the same principles followed in

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                       the design of other public spaces. Exterior illumination should never be
                       below one (1) footcandle and all plantings which may serve as a hideaway
                       must be kept below three feet (3') in height or above six feet clear trunk
                       with a clear visibility zone between them. All exterior lighting should be
                       vandal-resistant, directed downward and of high-pressure sodium or
                       mercury vapor types. Refer to exterior lighting standards in Division 16,
                       section 16530.
                     e Public Emergency Telephones. Provide public/emergency telephones at
                       strategic locations throughout campus.
                     f All elevators shall have the capability to be key-operated after regular
                       working hours.

            R. Miscellaneous.

                 1. Doors on opposite sides of corridors shall be offset to prevent direct view from
                    one room to the other.

                 2. No vending machines shall be located in main public corridors.

                 3. All corridors must have 125 volts, 20 amps, GFI duplex outlets located no
                    farther apart than eighty feet (80') from each other.

                 4. Consultant must verify corridor display(s) cabinets and/or bulletin board(s)
                    requirements with the Project Manager during the Schematic Design phase,
                    but prior to the Schematic Design Submittal.

                 5. Roof-Mounted Equipment shall be minimized. All roof-mounted equipment
                    shall have stair access and be fully screened from street level and other
                    building’s views.

                 6. Exterior doors shall be recessed and/or protected from snow, ice and water.
                    This requirement may be waived for some emergency exits. Verify specifics
                    with the Project Manager.

                 7. Construction Controls. Limits to the work, haul routes, staging areas, access
                    points and construction fences shall be shown on the contract documents.

            Division 0. Bidding, Contract Forms, and Conditions of the Contract

            A. General: The standard Front-end Documents (Divisions 0 and 1) for Washington
               State Facility Construction are available from the FPCS Secretary Senior or
               Project Manager. Confirm that you are using the latest approved document.

            B. The following notes apply to the Division 0 documents:

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                 1. Architect/Engineer shall not revise or delete any items from the University's
                    standard Front-end Document without specific approval. The only
                    modifications allowed in Division 0 are in the Supplemental Conditions to the
                    General Conditions.

                 2. Any additions to the General Conditions shall be in the Supplemental
                    Conditions Section and shall not conflict with existing statements. Any and all
                    additions or modifications must be previously approved by the Facilities
                    Management Department Project Manager prior to publication.

                 3. None of the items listed in the standard document are to be re-numbered.

            Division 1. General Requirements

            A. General: The standard Front-end Documents (Divisions 0 and 1) for Washington
               State Facility Construction are available from the FPCS Secretary Senior or
               Project Manager. Division 1 documents should be modified specifically for each

            1540 Security and Protection

            This section sets forth guidelines for temporary security and safety provisions not
            addressed elsewhere in this document. Providing adequate jobsite safety and
            security is the Contractor's sole responsibility. Thus, this section is not intended to
            include regulatory, insurance or any other applicable requirements.

            The security facilities and protection services addressed herein include, but are not
            limited to the following:

            A. Barricades, warning signs and lights.

                 1. Comply with all code requirements for erection and maintenance of
                    barricades. Paint and lighting features must be provided for information,
                    warnings and recognition.

            B. Project site fencing and enclosure(s).

                 1. At the time when excavation or other substantial elements of the work begin,
                    install a site fence or enclosure with suitable entrance gates and warning
                    signs. Locate the fence where indicated in the contract documents. If not,
                    enclose the complete project or portion(s) thereof as agreed upon by the
                    Project Manager.

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            C. Storage.

                 1. Where materials and equipment must be temporarily stored, provide secure
                    storage area(s) with limited access and distribution controls. Security of
                    stored materials and equipment is the sole responsibility of the Contractor(s)
                    and/or suppliers involved. The University will not accept responsibility for any
                    damages caused to materials stored on site. Likewise, it will not accept
                    responsibility for falling objects, danger to occupants, and hazardous or
                    noxious materials as a result of improperly stored materials and/or equipment
                    on site.

            D. Accessibility

                 1. Immediately following the completion of the site enclosure, fence or barrier,
                    begin surveillance of persons and vehicles accessing and egressing the
                    project site. Locate sign directing all visitors to the field office.

            E. Personnel Security Program.

                 1. Inform personnel at the site of all security requirements and post notices of
                    measures and violation’s consequences. Keep supervisory personnel
                    appraised of any recognized safety and/or security problems and solutions.
                    The Facilities Maintenance Department shall provide a list of persons who are
                    authorized to have unlimited access to the construction site. The
                    Architect/Engineer will present this list at the pre-construction meeting. These
                    authorized representatives may still be required to sign a visitors log and
                    obtain badges. These authorized representatives must comply with all safety
                    and security requirements established for the job.

            Division 2        Site Work

            2000 General

            A. All site edges shall be designed and/or evaluated. Every completed project site
               must complement its adjacent surroundings.

            B. Building placement must comply with all applicable zoning, Master Plan, design
               review, fire, and service accessibility requirements.

            C. The Project Manual must define the original conditions to remain undisturbed or
               maintained. Anything slated to remain that is disturbed during the operations
               noted below, must be returned to its original condition prior to the Substantial
               Completion inspection.

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            D. Archaeological sites mitigation shall be undertaken as part of a project's site
               work. There are no identified archaeological sites at Central Washington
               University. If one is encountered, it should remain undisturbed. The Project
               Manager will stop work in the area in question and initiate project modifications to
               accommodate the work stoppage. A consultant should be engaged to study the
               site and if needed, to monitor the excavation.

            E. The Contract Specifications must contain a clause addressing soils
               contamination and hazardous conditions.

            2060 Demolition.

            A. The Architect/Engineer shall coordinate with the University's salvage
               requirements during the development of the demolition plans and specifications.

            2065 Asbestos and Lead Abatement.

            A. The University will perform its emergent asbestos and lead abatement. There are
               AHERA surveys available for all academic facilities indicating asbestos hazards
               and containment in each case, and a lead survey available at FPCS.

            2115 Underground Utilities.

            A. The Architect/Engineer must identify and/or verify critical utilities location on a
               project-by-project basis.

            B. Refer to individual divisions within this Section for specific underground utilities

            C. Provide locator tape with metallic strip for all major non-metallic underground
               utility lines, including main irrigation lines. Locator tape to be placed twelve
               inches (12") minimum above all main lines, 4” or greater. Site and/or utilities
               plans shall indicate this tracer wire and locator tape requirement. Provide pea
               gravel or sand bedding and cover around all utility lines.

            D. During construction all pipe ends must be closed when left unattended.

            E. All domestic water lines must be buried at a minimum depth of forty-eight inches

            F. All main sewer lines must be a minimum of six inches (6") in diameter throughout

            G. Utilities Easement. All underground utilities design must be conceived and
               designed with an "easement approach" in mind, thus facilitating their

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                 maintenance and accessibility. The Schematic Design utility site plan and all
                 other utilities site plan(s) thereafter, must clearly indicate the outline of this utility

            2200 Excavation and Earthwork.

            A. All overburden (surplus) fill must be hauled off-campus and associated site
               restoration should be completed before Substantial Completion. In the event that
               the Project Manager determines the soil to be reusable for CWU purposes, the
               Architect/Engineer shall provide language in the Construction Documents
               regarding an approved stockpile location.

            B. Contact underground utilities locator services two (2) working days prior to all

            C. The limits of all excavation area(s) must be outlined in white paint.

            D. The Contractor will be required to obtain a Public Works Permit from the City of
               Ellensburg when excavating within public easements or right-of-ways.

            E. The Contractor must provide a barricade(s)/excavation safety plan for the
               University's approval prior to excavation and/or earthwork activities.

            F. Work affecting fire lanes, easements, and right-of-ways, must be coordinated
               with the City of Ellensburg.

            G. Imported soils materials shall be approved through the submittal process. The
               submittal shall include a 30 pound minimum sample of the material with a test
               report indicating compliance with the specification requirements.

            2223 Backfilling and Compacting.

            A. All backfilling and compaction lifts shall be as recommended in the Geotechnical
               Report and approved by the Project Manager.

            B. Backfill maximum particle size: three inches (3").

            2500 Paving and Surfacing

            A. The Architect/Engineer must consider snow removal, parking lot(s) sweeping
               operations, and the City of Ellensburg Design Standards when developing
               parking lots layouts.

            B. All parking lots to have Type A (curb & gutter) curbs.

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            C. All parking stalls width shall be nine feet (9') minimum.

            D. Snow Removal and Storage. In all parking lots, provide an adjacent area,
               suitable for snow storage, equal to fifteen percent (15%) of the entire parking lot
               area. If this is a landscaped area, the landscape design must be proven to
               withstand any impacts of snow removal and storage.

            E. All parking lots must have an emergency (blue light) phone.

            F. All precast concrete bumpers shall be kept to a minimum. When provided, they
               shall be anchored with two (2) 5/8”smooth bars, twenty-four inches (24") long,

            G. Parking lots lighting must be per CWU Standards (Verify requirements with the
               Project Manager).

            H. Daily permit dispensers must be drive-up type placed in a location that does not
               affect traffic flow.

            2600 Site Drainage.

            A. Where possible, the drainage design should maintain the site natural drainage
               pattern. All exterior drainage must flow (or connect) to storm sewers wherever
               possible and drain away from structures and hardscaped areas. Ponding of
               water on the site ground surfaces is discouraged unless specifically provided for
               in the surface water management design.

            B. All surfaces must have positive drainage. Drain all water away from the building
               foundations and all hardscaping surfaces. Surface drainage systems shall be
               designed for removal of surface water.

            C. Hardscaped areas drainage shall have a minimum slope of one quarter inch per
               foot (1/4" : 1') away from building(s). Use of pavers is discouraged.

            D. Oil and water separation, retainage and connection(s) to storm sewer must
               conform to the City of Ellensburg code requirements.

            2800 Landscaping Guidelines

            A. General Design Considerations

                 1. General Issues
                    a The landscape design must be an integral component of the project. It
                      shall respect existing site attributes and respond to its surroundings. Site
                      design must provide adequate access, egress, views and noise buffers.

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                     b The landscaping vocabulary must be compatible with the University
                       campus-wide elements such as canopies, portals, shaded areas,
                       passageways and hardscapes. Softscape is generally preferred to
                       hardscape. Mature sized plants should be provided whenever possible.
                     c Landscape design must help orient visitors and contribute to the legibility
                       of the campus layout.
                     d The Architect/Engineer shall consider landscape design concepts that
                       incorporate water and energy conservation methods, including appropriate
                       irrigation equipment, selection of drought-resistant materials and adequate
                       lawn and other maintenance-intensive areas. The Architect/Engineer
                       must take into consideration the need for access to windows, for the
                       purposes of cleaning and/or replacement.
                     e Some of the University's existing irrigation systems are connected to a
                       non-potable water system. This system is the preferred irrigation water
                     f Landscape Irrigation design must prevent overspray to adjacent and/or
                       surrounding buildings.

                 2. Irrigation Systems.
                    a All sprinkler systems shall be automatic. All systems components of the
                         same function shall be a uniform brand. Approved components
                         manufacturers: Hunter heads Models number I-20 ADS, 360S, I-25 ADS,
                         360S and I-42 ADS 360S; Irritrol Ultra Flow Model 700 Series control
                         valves installed with Schedule 80 unions; Rain Bird controllers Model No.
                         ESP-MC, and Rain Bird 1800-6 SAM (Seal-a-Matic) shrub sprayers.
                    b Plant materials of differing watering requirements shall not be serviced by
                         the same valve. In no case shall turf be on the same valve as any other
                         plant material.
                    c All new irrigation systems must have an isolation valve and blow pipe.
                    d All irrigation sleeves under sidewalks shall be marked at each end with an
                         irrigation sleeve marker – See Appendix C.

                 3. Planting.
                    a Planting adjacent to curb cuts and the entrance or exit of roadways,
                       parking lots or pedestrian areas, shall be designed to provide clear
                       visibility for persons leaving or entering the vehicular area. Verify
                       allowable heights with the City of Ellensburg landscaping and traffic
                    b Proposed turf areas must be approved by the Project Manager. New or
                       replanted turf areas shall be hydro-mulched or sodded. Preferred grass:
                       Dandy Perennial Rye 30%, Shamrock Kentucky Bluegrass 70%.
                    c All soils used for planting sod/grass shall have a PH of 5-8 71/2 and shall
                       be tested at the Contractor’s expense. (Each load of dirt will be tested.)
                    d Where possible, street trees at medians or along roads should be kept at
                       a minimum of six feet (6') from the curb to facilitate street sweeping and

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                       minimize curb damage. Provide eighteen inches (18") deep minimum,
                       root barriers whenever trees are less than six feet (6') from curbs or
                       hardscaped elements.
                     e Large shrubs and trees shall be selected and located around buildings in a
                       way compatible with accepted standards of solar exposure and energy
                       efficient design.
                     f Plants shall not block or cover buildings' windows, security lighting, or
                       access to line switches.
                     g The following plant types should be avoided:
                       1) Plants having invasive surface root systems near underground utilities,
                           building foundations and lawn areas.
                       2) Plants unduly prone to disease (i.e, Birch, Elm, American Sycamore,
                       3) Plants with incompatible water requirements from existing landscaped
                       4) Plants particularly active in fruit, pollen or leaf fall, except as otherwise
                           approved by the Project Manager.
                       5) Plants known to have particularly brittle structures.
                     h When used, river-run gravel shall be five-eighths of an inch (5/8")
                       maximum size, installed to a minimum thickness of two inches (2") with a
                       landscape barrier underneath.
                     i No river rock or other projectile-type material(s) shall be specified or
                       installed anywhere in the University campus.

            B. Products and Materials

                 1. Related Work
                    a Contractor shall provide a color-coded map of valve areas showing
                         coverage of each valve under control, numbered and labeled to
                         correspond with a controller setting. This map shall be created from a
                         reduced print of the as-built drawings. Copies of this map, sealed in
                         plastic, must be placed in each controller cabinet.
                 2. Irrigation System Materials and Equipment
                    a The University's preference is for sprinklers irrigation systems for all trees
                         and shrubs, rather than any other irrigation type. The following guidelines
                         apply to all irrigation systems:
                    b Pipe and pipe fittings.
                         1) All PVC mains or pipes sustaining static pressure shall be Schedule 40
                            with Schedule 40 fittings.
                         2) All mains or pipes sustaining static pressure shall be PVC #1220, 315
                            psi or Schedule 40 whichever pressure rating is greater. All nipples
                            shall be Schedule 80.
                         3) All laterals shall be #1200, 200 psi or greater pressure rating, Schedule

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                       4) All fittings and risers shall be PVC unless otherwise approved by the
                          Project Manager.
                       5) Solvent cement for PVC pipe solvent-weld pipe and fittings shall be
                          Heavy Duty Gray Cement as manufactured by Oatey, or approved
                          alternate. Solvent primer for PVC solvent-weld pipes and fittings shall
                          be "all Purpose Primer" (purple) for PVC and CPVC pipes and fittings.
                     c Valves.
                       1) All remote control valves shall have a flow control handle adjustable by
                          valve key. Approved manufacturer: Irritrol Model No. 700 Series
                          installed with Schedule 80 union both upstream and downstream.
                       2) Gate valves shall be resilient-seated non-rising stem, enclosed in a
                          box with extensions as required. Contractor is required to supply valve
                          key to shut-off valves. Large valves, four inches (4") or larger, must
                          have square operating nuts.
                       3) Backflow preventers approved manufacturer: Febco Model 805Y.
                     d Wiring.
                       1) All direct-burial wiring shall be waterproof, #14 U.F., unless larger
                          conductors are necessary for specific cases.
                       2) White wire only shall be used exclusively for the common wiring. All
                          signal wiring shall be red. Provide one yellow wire spare for each
                       3) Controller shall be Rain Bird Model No. ESP-MC twelve (12) station,
                          wall-mounted, unless otherwise approved by the University.
                          Installation shall meet all applicable local codes.

            C. Execution and Performance

                 1. Irrigation Systems Installation
                    a Trenching and Backfill.
                         1) All main lines shall be buried at a minimum of eighteen inches (18")
                            and shall be surrounded with at least three inches (3") of sand on the
                            bottom and sides, and six inches (6") on top (or for large pipes, backfill
                            equaling half the pipe diameter minimum).
                         2) Laterals shall be buried a minimum of twelve inches (12") surrounded
                            by a three inch (3") sand bed.

                 2. Piping Installation.
                    a All piping under concrete, asphalt or other hard surface shall be cased
                       loosely in larger-sized piping with at least six inches (6") protruding from
                       the sleeve before any fittings are attached. Provide 3/8” carriage bolts
                       sleeve markers in concrete at each end of sleeve. All irrigation sleeves
                       (Appendix C) to be a minimum schedule 80 pvc. Use galvanized piping
                       where pvc may be damaged by heat.
                    b All fittings shall have at least two inches (2") of clearance from other pipes
                       or fittings.

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                     c    Provide locator tape with metallic strip over main lines 4” diameter and
                          larger. The end of the wire shall terminate in a valve box.

                 3. Valve Installation.
                    a All remote control valves shall be installed in large rectangular plastic
                       boxes (Ametek 12" plastic meter box or 20" Jumbo) unless otherwise
                       approved by the Project Manager. Control valves must be flush to grade
                       unless there is a special need for sub-surface installation. In this case,
                       valve markers shall be used with access to the flow control handle.

                 4. Sprinkler Heads Installation.
                    a Sprinkler heads of different precipitation rates shall not be valved together.
                    b Shrub heads located along pathways or traffic areas shall be the type that
                       retract to ground level when watering is completed.
                    c All shrub, ground cover and lawn heads shall be spaced so as to provide
                       uniformity of coverage and to spray from head to head at a minimum. The
                       preferred coverage is 1.25 to 1.5 times spacing.
                    d All sprinkler heads shall be Hunter for large lawns and Rain Bird for
                       shrubs and grass strips. All heads of a particular type and function shall
                       be marked with the manufacturer's name and identification in such
                       position that they can be identified without being removed from the
                    e All sprinkler heads shall be set perpendicular to finished grades unless
                       otherwise designated on the drawings. Heads set adjacent to walks,
                       curbs or drives shall be set to grade.
                    f All sprinkler heads shall be set and adjusted for adequate coverage with
                       no over spray to areas not intended for coverage.
                    g All risers for heads, quick couplers, etc., shall be swing joint style. Quick
                       couplers to be brass, with one inch (1") or three quarters inch (3/4") inlets,
                       Marlex Street Ells with six inches (6") Schedule 80 nipples.
                 5. Wiring and Splicing.
                    a Wiring shall be run in the piping trenches and taped to one side of the
                       main. All wiring under hardscaped areas must be sleeved (Appendix C).
                       All sleeves must be marked for identification.

                     b Each wire shall have an excess of two feet (2') coiled in the valve box.
                     c One spare wire shall be laid so that it enters and leaves every valve box.
                       The spare shall be yellow.
                     d All splices shall be waterproofed.

            D. Planting

                 1. General
                    a No tree smaller than one and one quarter inches (1.25") caliper shall be
                      specified. All trees shall be properly staked per CWU standards to avoid

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                       damage, (See Appendix D). Landscaping drawings shall specify all tree
                       staking requirements.
                     b Tree planting in sidewalks, curbs, malls, or anywhere that roots are
                       covered by hard surfaces, shall be in accordance with the following
                       1) Excavation. Do not undermine existing facilities. Tree wells located in
                          sidewalks shall have the top of their root ball at the sidewalk surface.
                       2) Trees shall not be planted with the wire cages, grow bags, plastic pots
                          or any other root-encasing device.
                       3) All plant material shall be properly acclimated to the Kittitas Valley

            E. Cleaning

                 1. General.
                      a All areas included in the limits of the work indicated on the drawings
                         shall be completely cleaned before the Substantial Completion
                      b All debris shall be removed from the site and hauled off campus. All
                         paved areas shall be thoroughly washed.

            F. Warranty Period

                     1. Warranty. The Contractor shall guarantee all plantings for one (1) year
                        beyond Substantial Completion and respond within two (2) weeks of
                        written requests by the University for replacement. If the Contractor fails
                        to respond within this time frame, the University may proceed with
                        correction and/or replacement work at the expense of the Contractor.

            2830 Fences and Gates

            A. All chain link fencing and gates shall be made of 9 gauge, 2" weave with Class 2
               hot-dipped galvanized wiring minimum. All posts and rails shall be of at least
               Schedule 40 hot-dipped galvanized piping or high-tensile galvanized steel piping.

            B. Chain link fencing must comply with APWA Standards.

            2920 Landscape Grading

            A. Where retaining walls are necessary, they should be incorporated into other
               design features, such as stairs, ramps or planters.

            B. The landscape drainage concept must be coordinated with the site drainage.

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            C. Grading operations shall avoid soils and debris spillover. Where large areas are
               to be graded, limit clearing the ground too far in advance, to limit erosion. Dust
               control shall be provided during all grading operations.

            D. Slope gradients shall be designed to facilitate surface drainage and limit soil
               erosion. The preferred maximum slope for planted banks is 3:1. In geologically
               stable areas, up to 1:1 may be permitted for exposed rock slopes. Slopes for turf
               areas should be 1.5% minimum cross fall for drainage, and a maximum slope of
               20% (5:1) for mowing. Slopes for plazas and other open space hardscape
               should be a minimum of 1% and a maximum of 2%.

            Division 3.            Concrete

            A. General

                 1. Mix design submittals are required and must be approved prior to placement
                    of any concrete.

                 2. Any colored exterior concrete paving shall have integral coloring. Contractor
                    shall provide integral concrete color manufacturer name, address and
                    telephone number as well as mix specification(s) and any other formula or
                    special designation upon completion of the work.

                 3. No hardscaping or paving concrete shall be painted except for traffic/parking
                    control striping.

                 4. Control joints in exposed flat work shall be tooled with a 1/4" radius tool with a
                    narrow groove (approximately 1/8" wide) made by a deep bit groover such as
                    manufactured by Goldblatt Tool Company Model 06215M7.

                 5. All exterior concrete paving shall have slip-resistant finish(es) (medium or
                    heavy broom), or match adjacent surfaces. Verify approved finish(es) with
                    the Project Manager.

                 6. Exterior concrete floors tolerance shall be 1/8" per every ten feet (10').

                 7. In concrete walks repairs, the slabs shall be cut at the control joints only.

                 8. Special consideration shall be given to vehicular traffic areas relative to
                    concrete thicknesses, fill and compaction.

                 9. It shall be the responsibility of the Contractor to protect the finish of all
                    exposed concrete surfaces from defacement until the project's Substantial

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            Division 4.            Masonry

            A. General

                 1. When exposed masonry finishes are proposed, consideration must be given
                    to graffiti and vandalism. This implies the use of protective coatings and
                    careful consideration in the selection of tooled joints.

                 2. Exposed masonry surfaces shall avoid reveals and ledges that may
                    encourage pigeons loitering.

                 3. Provide tooled mortar joints on all exposed masonry (exterior and interior).
                    No raked joints are allowed.

            Division 5.            Metals

            5050 Basic Materials and Methods

            A. Welding. The Architect/Engineer shall properly specify a testing method for full
               penetration welds.

            5520 Handrails and Railings.

            A. Pipe rails and railings to be ground smooth and filled with body putty.

            B. Pipe rails and railings to be primed with a rust-preventive coating and painted
               with exterior marine-grade paint.

            5805 Seismic Joint Assemblies

            A. At seismic expansion joints, provide all required expansion loops.

            Division 6.            Wood and Plastics

            6200 Finish Carpentry

            A. In remodeling jobs, all finish carpentry must match adjacent surfaces.

            6400 Custom Casework

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            A. Use modular sizes throughout. Consult with the Project Manager for applicable

            B. Exposed/finished cabinetry surfaces must be plastic laminate or hardwood

            C. Use concealed-face frame hinges on all cabinetry. Approved brand: Blum.

            D. Use aluminum finish wire pulls on all cabinetry doors.

            E. All casework to be AWI premium grade.

            Division 7.            Thermal and Moisture Protection.

            7000 General

            A. All roofing material(s) and finish(es) must be manufacturers' standards.

            B. Protective roof guardrails or, parapets, and/or fall protection (5000lb anchor
               points) shall be provided where required by WAC 296-24-87019. Provide fall
               restraint anchor points per OSHA requirements.

            C. Confirm design roof loads with the Project Manager.

            D. Snow and snow fall simulation(s) must be considered and documented during
               Schematic Design.

            E. All roofs shall be designed to avoid the use of gutters. Applied gutters must be

            F. Entries and doorways must be protected from falling snow, ice and water. Heat
               tape must be avoided.

            G. All roofs must have utility outlets located no farther than two hundred feet (200')
               apart. Whenever possible provide a freeze-protected hose bib with hot and cold
               water on each roof.

            7100 Waterproofing and Damp-proofing

            A. All spaces below grade and foundations with crawl space(s) must be
               waterproofed and provided with a perimeter drain connecting or draining to an
               approved storm system or drainage area. Drainage lines must be easily
               accessible and have accessible cleanouts.

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            B. All masonry must have twenty (20) year breathable sealing.

            C. Provide breathable seal damproofing between masonry and veneers in all cavity

            D. Waterproof all slabs below grade.

            7190 Vapor Barriers

            A. Full vapor barriers must be provided in all enveloping building materials and

            7270 Firestopping

            A. Refer to specific sections of these guidelines for firestopping requirements.

            B. All installers to be manufacturer-certified.

            C. Installers must certify that installation meets the manufacturer’s specifications
               and UL assembly requirements.

            D. Only one (1) manufacturer shall be specified for all firestopping applications
               throughout the project.

            E. Provide removal warning label at all firestopping installations.

            7500 Roofing Systems

            A. Low-slope and flat roofing to be single ply EPDM by Carlisle or Firestone, fully
               adhered or ballasted.

            B. High slope roofing to be standing seam metal roofing system with a twenty (20)
               year finish and manufacturer’s standard colors.

            C. Positive drainage is required in all low-slope roofs. Minimum slope to be: one
               eighth of an inch per foot (1/8":1'); one quarter inch per foot (1/4":1') is preferred.

            D. Lessen the insulation thickness at interior roof drains, rain water leaders, and
               built-in gutters.

            E. Provide overflow scuppers in addition to roof drains.

            F. Provide concealed fasteners in all flashing.

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            G. All precast concrete or stone parapet caps must be mechanically fastened over
               continuous flashing or roofing membrane.

            H. All sealants and caulking material(s) and application(s) must be specified.

            I. All roofing must be inspected for insects and birds nesting. Provide bird control
               spikes as required. All openings must be thoroughly sealed prior to roofing

            J. Roofing Warranty (ies):

                 1. All roofing must have a manufacturer's twenty (20) year material(s), five (5)
                    year water tightness, no-dollar limit, warranty. This warranty shall cover all
                    items from the roof deck upwards.

                 2. The roofing manufacturer (or authorized representative) is required to inspect
                    the system's installation and certify in writing that the installation was done in
                    accordance with its recommendations. The roofing contractor must provide a
                    two (2) year workmanship/installation warranty.

            7700 Roofing Specialties

            A. Particular attention shall be paid to roof edges as they meet parapets and/or
               vertical surfaces.

            B. All roofing shall have deck pads from determined roof access point(s) to all
               serviceable rooftop mounted units. Roof plans for the 50% and 100%
               Construction Documents Submittals must clearly show these traffic pads

                 location, including width and length. Deck pads location shall not encumber roof
                 drainage. Enlarge roof pads area at roof access points for equipment staging.

            C. Provide roof access to different height roofs and over demising wall parapets.

            D. All roof drains covers shall be metal.

            7800 Skylights

            A. Skylights should be avoided in all CWU facilities. If skylights are approved,
               provide a freeze-proof hydrant at the roof for cleaning.

            Division 8             Doors, Windows and Glass

            8100 Steel Doors and Frames

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            A. All exterior doors shall have kickplates and a threshold with weatherstripping.

            B. All hollow metal doors shall be a minimum 16 gauge, hardware reinforced as

            C. All frames to be fully welded; knock-down frames are not permitted.

            D. All typical and special frame conditions shall be illustrated on the drawings.

            E. All metal frames shall be filled with gypsum grout.

            F. Metal doors require a lifetime Certificate of Guarantee to be delivered to the
               University during the Project Closeout. The Guarantee shall cover re-hanging
               and finishing costs as well as all services originally provided by the manufacturer
               if deficiencies are uncovered during the guarantee period.

            G. The Architect/Engineer shall provide details of exterior and interior door frames,
               finishes, insulation and sealants.

            8200 Wood Doors and Frames

            A. Wood frames should be avoided except when matching existing
               conditions/remodeling projects.

            B. The Architect/Engineer shall require shop drawings of all wood doors to be
               submitted for approval. A cross-section sample of typical solid core doors shall
               also be submitted for review and approval. This cross-section sample(s) will be
               construed to be sample standards for all doors on the project.

            C. Wood doors require a lifetime Certificate of Guarantee to be delivered to the
               University during the Project Closeout. The Guarantee shall cover re-hanging
               and finishing costs as well as all services originally provided by the manufacturer
               if deficiencies are uncovered during the guarantee period. The Contractor shall
               be responsible for the proper storage and handling of flush wood doors so as not
               to void the manufacturer's required storage conditions specified in the

            D. Any modifications to flush wood doors, including edges and hardware hanging
               points, must be sealed per manufacturer's recommendations.

            E. Wood doors shall be hardwood veneer flush, 1.75" thick solid core AWI
               institutional grade. Glass panels or vision lites, when installed in wood doors,
               shall have at least four inch (4") stiles.

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            F. Top-rail-mounted hardware must be reinforced as required by the door

            G. Architectural wood doors must be AWI premium grade.

            H. Plastic laminate veneers in doors should be avoided.

            8300 Glass, Overhead and Folding Doors.

            A. Avoid pivot hinges and floor closers on all glass/storefront doors.

            B. Bottom rails in glass doors to be twelve inches (12") minimum.

            C. Overhead doors must be insulated.

            8305 Access Doors

            A. All access doors shall be metal and rated as required. Provide access doors to
               attics, roofs, crawl spaces, valves, switches or concealed devices, tunnels and
               similar areas where University personnel must have access for maintenance or
               repair activities. Provide key locks on all access doors accessible to the public or

            8500 Windows

            A. The use of projections and roof overhangs is recommended over windows in
               sunny locations and especially in south and west orientations. The length of the
               projection shall be calculated to maximize solar gain in winter and shading during
               the summer. This function may also be achieved by using horizontal shutters,
               fixed awnings or other architectural devices.

            B. Use appropriate glazing systems to minimize heat gain and reflected glare to
               adjacent buildings or public areas.

            C. Double insulated glazing is required on all exterior windows. Whenever possible,
               interior-side removable glazing is preferred for ease of glass replacement.

            D. No wood windows are allowed on academic or administration buildings. In those
               facilities, only steel or aluminum windows shall be specified.

            E. Operable windows are not desired by the University. When and where operable
               windows are proposed, a careful evaluation must be made of the balancing
               implications of the HVAC system. The Project Manager must be informed of the
               results of this evaluation. In some cases, it may be necessary to report the

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                 results of this evaluation to the building users and University Administration so
                 they become aware of the implications of this natural ventilation approach.

            F. In the event that operable windows are provided, a University approved locking
               mechanism will be required. All operable windows shall be weatherstripped.

            G. All pre-finished windows shall have protective coverings during construction.
               These protective coverings shall not be removed until the project is ready for the
               Substantial Completion Inspection.

            H. Cut sheets for all proposed window types shall be included in the 100% Design
               Development Submittal for approval prior to commencing Construction
               Documents. Shop drawings and/or substitutions submittals must include test
               results for water and air infiltration and certification that the windows meet the
               requirements of the Steel Window Institute or the Aluminum Window Institute.

            I. Architect/Engineer shall provide details showing interior and exterior window
               edges, including finishes, insulation, and sealants.

            8700 Hardware

            A. General.

                 1. Finish Hardware shall include all hardware required for a fully functioning,
                    secure installation for all swing, sliding, and folding doors, except special
                    unique and non matching hardware specified in the same section as doors
                    and frames, and for all architectural millwork. Exterior applications shall
                    provide for weatherproof installation.

                 2. If existing hardware does not conform to the approved manufacturer(s) and
                    model(s) outlined in this section, install hardware types specified herein.

                 3. A complete Hardware Schedule shall be provided to the University Facilities
                    Maintenance Department with the 50% Construction Documents Submittal.
                    The Hardware Schedule shall provide the following information: Door
                    Schedule, including door type(s); door locking hardware, including finishes,
                    make, model number, duty level (medium or heavy duty), and function/use
                    designation (classroom, storage, office, etc.) of each hardware item. The
                    Contractor shall provide a complete set of catalog cut sheets for all specified
                    hardware devices with the submittal.

                 4. The Construction Documents shall require a complete set of tools and
                    maintenance instructions as needed for the University's continued
                    maintenance of the hardware system.

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                 5. The Hardware Specifications shall include a statement to the effect that the
                    supplier of finish hardware is responsible to provide all items necessary for a
                    complete and properly functioning installation, excluding cylinders. Scope of
                    work shall include installation by Contractor.

                 6. All double door openings shall have a removable mullion that allows for the
                    installation of rim exit devices on the doors. Only doors that must allow for
                    the routine passage of large objects shall be exempted from the removable
                    mullion requirement, but only with prior approval of the Project Manager.
                    When double door openings are used where an exit device is not possible
                    (i.e., R.H. & L.H. inward-opening doors) only manually operated flush or
                    surface bolts at the top and bottom of the inactive door shall be used. Also,
                    provide a threshold stop. Absolutely no automatic or coordinating double
                    door flush bolt systems of any type shall be used.

                 7. With the exception of overhead doors, no lock cylinders will be allowed at the
                    base or at the head of any door. This includes aluminum and glass entrance
                    or storefront doors.

                 8. All existing hardware removed from a building shall be turned over to the

            B. Products

                 1. Locksets. Contractor shall install all locksets and test doors for proper
                    latching. If doors are warped, or air balancing, silencers, gaskets or
                    smoke/sound insulators mounted on the door frame prevent the unit from
                    latching properly, the Contractor will take proper measures to correct the
                    problem. Locksets shall be as follows:
                    a "Schlage" or "Falcon" brands, mortise type. “Schlage” for cylindrical locks.
                        Specify Heavy Duty series throughout.
                    b Lever handles: "Rhodes" or "Sparta" on cylindrical locksets. Mortise locks:
                        Schlage 03, 06, or 17, or Falcon DP, QP, or SP.
                    c Lockset backset to be two and three-quarter inches (2.75"). All
                        dimensions must conform to the American National Standards Institute
                        (ANSI) specifications.
                    d All locksets must be ordered without the cylinder. The locksets' cylinders
                        will be Medeco and shall be supplied by the University's Key Shop. The
                        Contractor shall provide his/her own lockset cylinders and keys for
                        security reasons during construction.
                    e No interchangeable core (IC) locksets will be accepted.
                    f Built-in cabinetry locks to be "National" or "Olympus" brands with wafer
                        disc or pin tumbler, as required.

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                     g All keys provided with these locks shall be turned over to the Project
                       Manager prior to building occupancy for safekeeping and key file
                       establishment at the Key Shop.
                     h Final keying is the responsibility of the University's Key Shop.

                 2. Deadbolts.
                    a All deadbolts shall have a thumbturn on the inside unless otherwise
                      approved by CWU.
                    b Deadbolts shall be installed only on doors needing justified extra security.
                    c Provide Medeco brand deadbolts throughout. Deadbolts types D-11
                      (extra heavy duty) shall be used.
                    d Deadbolt backset to be two and three-quarters inches (2.75"). All
                      dimensions must conform to the American National Standards Institute
                      (ANSI) specifications.

                 3. Exit Devices. For all outward-opening double doors, a removable mullion
                    must be used. For inward-opening R.H. & L.H. double doors exit devices see
                    paragraph A.6 of this section.
                    a Exit devices to be Precision, Apex, or Von Duprin 98 or 99 hardware rim
                       exit devices.
                    b All dogging on applicable exit devices shall be standard 1/4 turn Allen

                 4. Door Closers and Opening Devices. Through bolts shall always be specified
                    for all fire door closers.
                    a All door closers and assisting automatic devices to be "LCN" brand.
                        Closers to be models 4041 or 4111 EDA as required.
                    b Finish to match hardware.
                    c Automatic devices to assist in opening doors shall be wireless, push plate
                        activated. Walkway pads or assist devices activated on each swing of the
                        door(s) are not allowed. Do not use power-assisted door operators.
                    d Provide silencers on all metal frames.
                    e Provide overhead drips Pemko 346A on all exterior doors directly exposed
                        to the weather.
                    f Wall bumpers: Concave or Convex type, depending on application.
                        Approved brands: Quality No. 302 or Glynn-Johnson floor stops FB185 for
                        wood doors. Locate wall bumpers on return walls.
                    g Kick Plates shall be twelve inches (12") high and two inches (2") smaller
                        than the actual door width. Install allowing one inch (1") on each side.
                    h Hinges: 4.5" x 4.5" McKinney or Stanley, ball-bearing, full mortise,
                        heavyweight, non removable pin (NRP).

            8800 Glazing

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            A. Standard glazing colors shall be used in all CWU facilities. Approved standard
               colors are: clear, gray, bronze and solex (light green). For solar cool reflective
               glass use gray and bronze.

            B. Only one-quarter inch (1/4") minimum single glazing shall be specified.

            C. Where safety glass is required, laminated horizontal grid wire glass shall be

            D. The use of plastics in lieu of glass is discouraged throughout. Exceptions can be
               made in areas not accessible to the public or students. In those cases, the use of
               a policarbonate compound with scratch-resistant UV coating or composite panels
               may be allowed.

            E. For permanent glass mirror installations, use Mirro Mastic or similar products to
               facilitate reglazing.

            8960 Sloped Glazing Systems

            A. Sloped glazing systems should be avoided throughout the University campus.

            8970 Suspended Glazing Systems

            A. Suspended glazing systems should be avoided throughout the University

            Division 9             Finishes

            9000 General.

            A. All patching is the responsibility of the Contractor.

            9200 Drywall, Lath and Plaster

            A. Provide pre-finished J moulding at all exposed drywall edges.

            B. Drywall texture. Drywall finish textures shall be smooth.

            C. Minimum drywall thickness: five eighths of an inch (5/8").

            D. Plaster finish. No sand finish plaster shall be used. All plaster finishes must be
               approved by the Project Manager.

            9300 Tile

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            A. No porcelain or lead-containing tile is to be used.

            B. Use only standard tile colors and/or patterns. Provide tile samples with the 100%
               Design Development Submittal for approval.

            C. All standard tile grout must be sealed to avoid discoloration. Epoxy grout need
               not be sealed.

            D. Provide integral colored grout in toilet rooms. Avoid white or light colored grouts.

            E. Verify required surplus quantity(ies) with the Project Manager.

            F. All tile installations shall conform to the Tile Council of America guidelines.

            9511 Suspended Acoustical Ceilings

            A. Non-rated suspended acoustical tile ceilings must be easily identifiable by visual
               inspection from rated suspended acoustical tile ceilings.

            B. Surplus/extra stock. Extra stock shall be provided from the same manufactured
               lot as the materials installed and enclosed in protective packaging with
               appropriate identifying labels. Verify quantity(ies) with the Project Manager.

            C. The University preference is two by four (2' x 4') or two by two feet (2' x 2') drop-
               in, tegular acoustical tiles with white suspension frames. All suspended
               acoustical tile ceilings must be specified from standard manufacturers' products.

            D. Suspended acoustical tile ceilings must be designed to avoid less than one-half
               (1/2) tile sections.

            E. All penetrations to suspended acoustical tile ceilings should be centered on a tile.

            9635 Brick Flooring

            A. All brick flooring shall be avoided.

            9680 Carpeting.

            A. General

                 1. Review all proposed rooms or areas to be carpeted with the Project Manager.
                    Carpet should be avoided in all corridors and high traffic areas.

                 2. Verify maintenance/surplus quantity(ies) with the Project Manager.

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                 3. All carpeting must be selected from manufacturers' standard types and colors.

                 4. Review all proposed carpeting substrate(s) and underlayment(s) with the
                    Project Manager. Do not use concrete sealers on floors to receive carpet.

            9700 Resilient and Vinyl Flooring

            A. General

                 1. Review all resilient and vinyl flooring substrate(s) and underlayment(s) with
                    the Project Manager. Do not use concrete sealers on floors to receive vinyl

                 2. Only first quality resilient flooring, applied in strict accordance with the
                    manufacturer's latest specifications shall be furnished and installed. Verify
                    surplus quantity(ies) with the Project Manager.

                 3. Vinyl tile shall be one eighth inch (1/8") minimum thickness with through-chip
                    integral coloring.

            B. Installation and Execution

                 1. Subflooring leveling and/or patching. Do not use gypsum-based products for
                    filling cracks and/ or subflooring depressions. Only epoxy, Portland Cement,
                    or manufacturers' approved/recommended products are acceptable.

            9900 Painting

            A. General Requirements

                 1. Complete paint specifications and color samples must be submitted during
                    the 50% Construction Documents submittal for approval.

                 2. Avoid all dark paint colors for interior painted surfaces. Dark paint colors will
                    not be allowed on any exterior surfaces.

                 3. No interior flat paints are to be used. Use only low-sheen, semi-gloss or
                    gloss washable paint.

                 4. Contractor shall prepare and submit 8.5" x 11" sample drywall boards with
                    samples of each color to be applied to interior surfaces. These boards shall
                    have the approved texture(s) and/or finish(es) specified in each case. The
                    prime coat and the intermediate coat for each color shall be tinted to a slight
                    color variation from each other and from the final coat for field application

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                     verification by the Construction Inspector. Color samples shall have the
                     name of the manufacturer, color, tint and formulation data, factory labels, and
                     specific product(s) name(s).

                 5. Contractor shall provide two (2) four by four feet (4' x 4') exterior painted
                    surface panels for approval. These panels shall each have a sample of each
                    paint coat to be applied to the surface as per the Architect/Engineer's
                    specifications. The prime coat and the intermediate coat shall be tinted to a
                    slight color variation from each other and from the final coat for field
                    application verification by the Project Manager and/or the Construction
                    Inspector. Color samples shall have the name of the manufacturer, color, tint
                    and formulation data, factory labels, and specific product(s) name(s).

                 6. For natural and stained finishes, provide sample on each type and quality of
                    wood used on the project. Sprayed lacquer finish is not allowed.

                 7. Submit the manufacturer's technical product data information, stating the
                    material composition and analysis and the Material Safety Data Sheet
                    (MSDS) on all paint to be used. These must be provided to the Project
                    Manager two working days prior to the paint application.

                 8. At the completion of the job, using paint from the maintenance stock
                    containers, the painting contractor shall paint a twelve inch (12") diameter
                    patch on a wall matching the paint sample color used. This procedure shall
                    be done in the presence of the Construction Inspector. If the color and sheen
                    matches are approved, the painting contractor shall deliver two (2) gallons of
                    each paint color to be used to the Project Manager for definitive maintenance
                    stock supply.

                 9. No paint or special coatings shall contain asbestos or lead products. The
                    University will perform most of its emergent lead paint abatement. There are
                    Labor and Industry surveys available for all CWU facilities.

                 10. Multi-colored Zolotone-type paint is not allowed.

            B. Minimum Construction Standards

                 1. All work where a coat of material has been applied must be inspected and
                    approved by the Project Manager and/or his authorized representative before
                    application of the following coat.

                 2. All visible interior surfaces of ducts at diffusers or air vents servicing rooms
                    must be painted flat black.

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            C. Standard Paint Specifications. No substitutions or modifications to these
                  specifications will be allowed.

                 1. Interior Acrylic Enamel, Low Sheen. The composition of the material shall
                    conform to the following:
                    a Pigment: to be no less than 35% and titanium dioxide to be no less than
                        20% of pigment by weight.
                    b Vehicle: to be no less than 78% and vinyl resin to be no less than 24% of
                        vehicle by weight. Gloss level to be no less than 5% or more than 9%
                        using Garder Gloss Meter after air dry for seven (7) days.
                    c Note: total pigment and vehicle to equal 100% of direct composition
                    d Thickness: 1.5 dry mils.

                 2, Interior Acrylic Enamel, Semi-Gloss. The composition of the material shall
                    conform to the following:
                    a Pigment: to be no less than 43% and titanium dioxide to be no less than
                        22% of pigment by weight.
                    b Vehicle: to be no less than 78% and vinyl resin to be no less than 26% of
                        vehicle by weight. Gloss level to be no less than 50% or more than 60%
                        using Garder Gloss Meter after air dry for seven (14) days.
                    c Note: total pigment and vehicle to equal 100% of direct composition
                    d Thickness: 1.5 dry mils.

                 3. Interior Alkyd Enamel, Semi-Gloss. The composition of the material shall
                    conform to the following:
                    a Pigment: to be no less than 43% and titanium dioxide to be no less than
                        22% of pigment by weight.
                    b Vehicle: to be no less than 78% and vinyl resin to be no less than 26% of
                        vehicle by weight.
                    c Gloss level to be no less than 50% or more than 60% using Garder Gloss
                        Meter after air dry for fourteen (14) days.
                    d Note: total pigment and vehicle to equal 100% of direct composition
                    e Thickness: 1.5 dry mils.

                 4. Exterior Alkyd Enamel Gloss. The composition of the material shall meet or
                    exceed the following:
                    a Pigment: to be no less than 27% and titanium dioxide to be no less than
                       25% of pigment by weight.
                    b Vehicle: to be no less than 73% and vinyl resin to be no less than 37% of
                       vehicle by weight.
                    c Gloss level to be no less than 85-90% using Garder Gloss Meter after air
                       dry for fourteen (14) days.

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                     d Note: total pigment and vehicle to equal 100% of direct composition
                     e Thickness: 1.5 dry mils.

                 5. 100% Acrylic Exterior Flat. The composition of the material shall conform to
                    the following:
                    a Pigment: to be no less than 28% and titanium dioxide to be no less than
                       19% of pigment by weight.
                    b Vehicle: to be no less than 70% and acrylic resin to be no less than 16%
                       of vehicle by weight.
                    c Note: total pigment and vehicle to equal 100% of direct composition
                    d Thickness: 1.5 dry mils.

                 6. 100% Acrylic Exterior Semi-gloss Enamel. The composition of the material
                    shall meet or exceed the following:
                    a Pigment: to be no less than 23% and titanium dioxide to be no less than
                       24% of pigment by weight.
                    b Vehicle: to be no less than 75% and acrylic resin to be no less than 20%
                       of vehicle by weight.
                    c Note: total pigment and vehicle to equal 100% of direct composition
                    d Thickness: 1.5 dry mils.

                 7. Traffic Paint (White). The composition of the material shall conform to the
                    a Pigment: to be no less than 38% and titanium dioxide to be no less than
                        14% of pigment by weight.
                    b Vehicle: to be no less than 60% and acrylic resin to be no less than 15%
                        of vehicle by weight.
                    c Note: total pigment and vehicle to equal 100% of direct composition
                    d Thickness: 1.5 dry mils.
                    e Standard Traffic paint color applications are as follows:
                        1) Parking spaces: Yellow.
                        2) Crosswalks: White Yellow.
                        3) Fire lanes and curbs: Yellow Red.
                        4) Handicapped spaces: Blue and White (See Detail in Appendix E).

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            9950 Wall Coverings

            A. No vinyl, paper or fabric wall coverings shall be used in the University facilities.

            B. Acoustical panels. Acoustical panels finish must be washable or cleanable.

            C. Provide standard manufacturers' stock acoustical panels. No special panels or
               finishes are allowed.

            9990 Adhesives

            A. All adhesives used in carpeting, tile, resilient flooring and base shall be as
               recommended/approved by the flooring product manufacturer and applied as per
               the manufacturer's instructions.

            B. Specified adhesives shall have minimal volatile organic chemical (VOC)-
               releasing characteristics. Verify with information available from the flooring
               product(s) manufacturer.

            C. Adhesives shall not contain asbestos products.

            D. Submit the manufacturer's technical product data information, stating the material
               composition and analysis and the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) on all
               adhesives to be used. These must be provided to the Project Manager two
               working days prior to application.

            Division 10            Specialties

            10160         Toilet Compartments and Urinal Screens

            A. Plastic laminate on particle board toilet compartments and urinal screens are not

            B. Urinal screens are to be avoided.

            C. Toilet partitions shall not be ceiling-mounted. Specify floor mounted, overhead-
               braced units only.

            D. Toilet partitions' and urinal screens' colors shall be manufacturer’s standards,
               preferably light shades. Dark colors must be avoided.

            E. Toilet partitions must include a coat hook and a purse shelf and hardware is to be
               ADA compliant.

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            F. Verify clearances between toilet enclosures, door swings, and the placement of
               toilet accessories.

            10400         Signage and Graphics

            A. All proposed signage (interior and exterior) must be reviewed and approved by
               the Project Manager prior to their inclusion in the Contract Documents, (certain
               signage may also require approval by the CWU Police Chief and Parking
               Manager). The Consultant shall include exterior monument signage or signage
               attached to buildings in the Contract Documents.

            B. All signage must be replaceable and maintainable. Avoid one-of-a-kind signage.

            C. All signage must comply with ADA requirements.

            D. Refer to Appendix F, for CWU room numbering protocol.

            E. In remodeling and additions projects, signage must match existing signs color(s),
               materials, style and lettering.

            F. All graphics lettering shall be die-cut or cast. Hand-painted signage and graphics
               must be avoided.

            G. New buildings or major renovations require a dedication plaque, which should be
               included in the GC’s contract. Refer to Appendix G, for a CWU Dedication
               Plaque sample. Plaque verbiage and design must be approved by the CWU
               President’s office prior to manufacture. The BOT members listed on the plaque
               should be in office at the time of the project Substantial Completion.

            10500         Lockers

            A. Approved manufacturers: Worley or Lyons.

            B. No discontinued locker models shall be specified or used as substitutes. All
               installed units shall have readily available replacement parts to facilitate repairs
               and/or maintenance.

            10522         Fire Extinguishers.

            A. All fire extinguishers shall be placed in fully recessed cabinets. The
               Architect/Engineer must ensure that the required acoustical isolation extends
               behind these cabinets.

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            B. Fire extinguishers in renovated areas shall be steel lockable cabinets, fully or
               semi-recessed. No surface-mounted cabinets are permitted. Provide high
               contrast labels on cabinet.

            C. Brand: Amerex 516 ABC. or CWU approved equivalent.

            10800         Toilet and Bath Accessories

            A. General

                 1. The University will furnish the toilet accessories specified in Subsection B1
                    below. Toilet accessories installation is the responsibility of the Contractor.

                 2. Under no circumstances shall under/counter-mounted soap dispensers be
                    considered or specified.

                 3. The Construction Documents shall show all toilet accessories and their
                    placement in accordance with the sizes and proportions given in Subsection
                    B for the purposes of locating anchors and/or backing. The items listed in
                    Subsection B, however, shall be clearly marked as Not in Contract (N.I.C.) in
                    the plans and specifications. Verify clearances between accessories and
                    handicapped grab bars.

                 4. No recessed or semi-recessed toilet paper, sanitary napkins or paper towel
                    disposal units are acceptable. Only surface mounted units shall be

            B. Products

                 1. The University will furnish the toilet accessories listed below. Each item shall
                    be shown in the plans with the sizes shown in parentheses as follows: (Height
                    (H):, Width (W):, and Depth (D):)
                    a Soap Dispensers (H: 12", W: 6", D: 5") wall-mounted. Avoid the common
                       error of showing these dispensers mounted on mirrors.
                    b Roll Towel Dispensers (H: 15", W: 12", D: 10")
                    c Paper Towel Disposal: free standing plastic trash can 15" diameter, 28"
                    d Toilet Paper Dispenser: 15" diameter, 4" deep.
                    e Feminine Napkin Dispenser (H: 27", W: 10", D: 7") Wall mounted.
                    f Feminine Napkin Disposal (H: 11", W: 8", D: 5") Wall mounted.
                    g Disposable Toilet Seat Covers (H: 12", W: 16", D: 3") Wall mounted.

                 2. All mirrors shall have stainless steel purse shelf. The Architect/Engineer must
                    ensure proper clearance for fixtures below purse shelves.

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                 3. Grab bars in handicapped toilets shall be provided and installed by the

            Division 11            Equipment

            11000         Instructional Spaces Equipment.

            A. All fixed equipment, special mounting brackets and substructure(s) for
               educational components, must be installed by the Contractor.

            B. Plans and Specifications must detail instructional spaces equipment and its
               specific installation requirements on a case-by-case basis. Verify equipment
               needs, quantity, type(s) and models with the Project Manager.

            11014         Fall Protection

            A. Provide OSHA and WISHA compliant fall protection with 5000 lb. capacity anchor
               points at all areas having a fall potential of 10 feet or greater.

            11160         Loading/Unloading Dock Equipment.

            A. All building projects must satisfy the need or verify the availability of off-street
               loading/unloading zone(s) and/or loading dock equipment as part of the
               Construction Contract. Specific requirements must be verified with the Project

            11172         Dumpsters and Waste Compactors

            A. All building projects must provide an area specifically designated for waste, trash
               and recycling containers if no existing waste disposal area can be used for these
               purposes. This area must be carefully screened from public view, but easily
               accessible for collection and/or disposal operations. Specific requirements must
               be verified with the Project Manager.

            11400         Food Service Equipment

            A. All food service equipment must be coordinated with the University's Dining
               Services Department (through the Project Manager). Verify project-specific
               requirements and implications with the Project Manager prior to involving any
               specialized food service consultant or equipment supplier.

            B. All food service equipment and its installation must meet OSHA safety standards
               and the Kittitas County Health Department requirements.

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            C. All exhaust systems in food service areas must provide for appropriate fresh air
               intake to facilitate required air change cycles.

            D. All walls in food service areas where there are pots, pans and/or food carts traffic
               movement or where excessive moisture is present (such as dish washing areas),
               must be lined with an FDA-approved surface veneer.

            E. No dry-fall paint shall be used in any food preparation area.

            F. All corners in food service area walls shall be reinforced with stainless steel
               corner guards.

            G. All walk-in refrigerators and/or freezers doors must provide forty-eight inches
               (48") wide food pallets passage. Allow a minimum clearance of two inches (2")
               on each side of the pallet to a total of fifty-two inches (52") unobstructed opening.

            11700         Athletic Equipment and Installations

            A. Athletic equipment and installations must be considered on a project-by-project

            Division 12            Furnishings

            12100         Furnishings

            A. The Architect/Engineer shall meet with the Project Manager to clarify the scope
               and extent of the FF&E bid package. All proposed furnishings must be
               approved by the CWU Project Manager.

            B. All furnishings shall comply with Washington State Labor and Industries
               Ergonomics Standards and Federal OSHA regulations.

            C. All fixed equipment is to be installed by the Contractor unless otherwise indicated
               in the Construction Documents.

            D. If office systems furnishings are specified, the University's preference is to match
               existing systems when applicable.

            12500         Louvers, Blinds and Drapery

            A. General

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                 1. Louvers, blinds and drapery shall be coordinated with the Project Manager
                    and Purchasing Department, and are to be included in the Contract

                 2. All window louvers and blinds shall be of commercial grade quality. Window
                    blinds may be included in the construction contract or as part of the
                    Furnishings, Fixture and Equipment (FF&E) budget. Verify with the Project
                    Manager for the appropriate method of inclusion in the project.

                 3. Operations and Maintenance manuals must contain all pertinent information
                    relative to all the maintenance and repair requirements of the window
                    coverings of a project. The information must specifically include the following:
                    Item(s) Model Number(s), color(s), type(s) and parts listing. The O & M
                    Manuals must also provide the manufacturer and local distributor names,
                    addresses and telephone numbers.

                 4. Details shall be provided for the proper attachment with backing as required
                    for all louvers and/or blinds. If blinds are to be placed in front of windows,
                    proper clearance for furnishings shall be provided.

            B. Products.

                 1. Vertical or horizontal blinds may be specified at the discretion of the
                    Architect/Engineer. The University's preference is to use vertical blinds for
                    dust control. Building users must be consulted in each case for their

                 2. Overall building appearance shall be taken into consideration when
                    determining the specific type of window covering specified. The
                    Architect/Engineer must take into consideration the facility usage schedule(s)
                    and day and night times exterior appearance when specifying windows

                 3. If a window covering standard has been established for the facility type, such
                    standard shall be maintained throughout. In remodeling or addition projects,
                    consistency of window coverings shall be maintained throughout.

                 4. If horizontal blinds are selected, use aluminum, commercial-grade mini-blinds.
                    Color to be determined on a project-by-project basis, but in all cases the
                    University prefers to unify the blinds and window coverings throughout each

            Division 13            Special Construction

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            13120         Pre-Engineered Bleachers

            A. Pre-Engineered/exterior bleachers and grandstands planking shall be closed-
               skirt aluminum. All plank fasteners connections shall be spot-welded. Submit
               manufacturer's catalog cut sheets with the 50% Construction Documents
               Submittal for review and approval.

            13121         Pre-Engineered Buildings

            A. Pre-Engineered buildings are to be used only when specifically requested by the
               Facilities Management Department.

            Division 14            Conveying Systems

            14300         Escalators.

            A. Escalators are not acceptable in the University campus.

            14400         Stair Lifts.

            A. Stair lifts are not desired anywhere in the University campus, except in retrofits
               where these lifts may be the only way of attaining ADA/accessibility

            Division 15            Mechanical

            15000         General Requirements.

            A. The following information is provided to serve as a guide to Architect/Engineer
               and their subconsultants for the design of facilities mechanical systems at the

                 1. All mechanical systems chosen for use on the University campus shall
                    consider long-term ownership, and their operation and maintenance needs.
                    Provide installation diagrams for all mechanical systems. See Appendix H
                    for typical pipe color coding requirements. Systems and construction
                    methods shall be chosen based on a useful life of 25 to 30 years.

                 2. Floor drains with trap primers shall be provided in all restrooms, mechanical
                    rooms, rooms where water heaters are located, rooms housing backflow
                    assemblies, custodial closets, and any other service, storage or maintenance
                    rooms where water spillage and/or floor hosing may occur. All floor drains

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                     must be located at the low point of the floor with positive drainage to its

                 3. Provide mechanical systems isolation valves to individual buildings. Within
                    each building, provide piping isolation valves to each restroom, mechanical
                    room(s), kitchen, lab, shower room, emergency shower station, and rooms
                    where water heaters are located. These valves should be as close as
                    possible to the restrooms or rooms they isolate. In no case shall these valves
                    be located on any other floor of a building but the floor they serve. No water
                    heaters are to be suspended in ceilings or attic spaces. In addition, detailed
                    placement of isolation valves within buildings' piping systems (chilled water,
                    steam, reheat, compressed air, vacuum, etc.) must be incorporated in the
                    drawings for review.

                 4. Provide easy access to all valves, traps, and strainers for operation and

                 5. Operation and Maintenance Manuals. Provide two (2) complete sets of
                    Operation and Maintenance Manuals for all mechanical systems and
                    applications bound in hard cover and fully indexed. The data included must
                    list all materials and products installed.

                 6. All Operation and Maintenance Manuals shall include the following:
                    a Name, address, telephone number and electronic address (if applicable)
                        of the subcontractor(s) involved in the system(s) included in the Manual.
                        The listing must also contain the project number assigned to the project by
                        each applicable subcontractor.
                    b Complete operating instructions for each item of heating, ventilation, air
                        conditioning, and plumbing equipment.
                    c Written statement of applicable warranty(ies). Each warranty period shall
                        start upon the project's final acceptance.
                    d Test data and air balancing reports as specified.
                    e All HVAC equipment and systems manuals shall include the equipment
                        name plate data, model, serial number and manufacturer's electronic
                        and/or web site address (if applicable). Provide manufacturer's data
                        report(s) on all registered pressure vessels conforming to ASME
                    f Typewritten regular and preventive maintenance schedules and
                        instructions for each item of equipment, listing in detail the lubricants to be
                        used, frequency of lubrication, inspections required, adjustments, etc.
                        These instructions are to be used during shops/maintenance personnel
                        training and must be project-specific; standard/boilerplate information will
                        not be accepted.
                    g Manufacturer's bulletins with parts, numbers and instructions for each
                        equipment item for stripping and assembling.

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                     h Temperature control diagrams and literature.
                     i A complete list or schedule of all valves and trap primers, separated by
                       system, giving the number of the valve, its function, location and the
                       rooms or area(s) controlled by it. Identify each valve with a brass tag
                       permanently attached with a non-corroding metal chain. The tag must be
                       clearly visible and stamped with a number matching the valve schedule.
                       All numbering designation must correspond to existing CWU preventive
                       maintenance program. All valves concealed above a ceiling will be
                       labeled on the ceiling grid,
                     j With the Operation and Maintenance Manuals, a laminated piping diagram
                       shall be provided. This piping diagram must be documented on a reduced
                       floor plan, updated as required, showing all piping and valves location with
                       valve identification as referred to in A.6.9 above. Piping shall be color-
                       coded or otherwise identified by type (potable water, natural gas, steam,
                       etc.). Each piping type must be layered separately in electronic media
                       drawings. All color requirements for piping must be identified in CAD
                       drawings. Refer to Appendix H for piping color coding requirements.

            B. System(s) Testing. Refer to Division 17 for Commissioning Guidelines. In
               projects where commissioning procedures are not employed, the Project
               Manager will determine the required testing procedures on a project-by-project

            15060         Pipes and Pipe Fittings

            A. Pipe and Fittings. The following applies to all pipes and pipe fittings throughout
               the University campus.

                 1. All piping and fittings shall be domestic products or comply with domestic

                 2. All building piping installations shall conform to the Uniform Plumbing Code,
                    the Uniform Mechanical Code, and any other applicable plumbing or
                    mechanical code(s).

                 3. Air venting at all high points of liquid distribution piping are to be manually
                    vented via pipes routed to mechanical rooms with valves, properly tagged, in
                    appropriate locations for indirect waste. Automatic air vents shall be installed
                    at all high points of any liquid distribution piping. Pipe or tubing of appropriate
                    size shall be run from these vents to indirect waste in the mechanical
                    space(s). These lines are to be tagged with a label identifying the location of
                    the automatic vent.

                 4. Steam piping. Any piping over fifteen (15) pounds per square inch (PSI) of
                    pressure shall be considered high pressure steam piping and shall conform to

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                     Section B31.1 of the ASME Piping Code. All high pressure steam piping to
                     be ASTM Grade A53, A or B, seamless pipe. X-ray testing/quality control of
                     these welds will be performed. At a minimum, 10% will be tested. The
                     Owner pays the cost of the initial testing, and if a test fails, the cost for re-
                     testing will be at the Contractor’s expense.
                     a Refer to Appendix J for design and materials specifications for high
                         pressure steam piping.

                 5. Steam condensate piping. All condensate piping to be Schedule 80.

                 6. Any threaded steam or condensate piping must be Schedule 80, (XS), or

                 7. Trap lines on one hundred pounds (100#) (100 PSI) steam piping to be
                    Schedule 80. Trap lines assemblies to be socket-welded per Appendix J.

                 8. All steam or condensate piping up to and including two inches (2") in diameter
                    shall be socket-welded or threaded as indicated on the drawings, see
                    Appendix J. If threaded, piping must be Schedule 80, or greater. All piping
                    above two inches (2") in diameter shall be butt-welded.

                 9. Refer to Appendix K for typical steam piping installation details and to
                    Appendix H for piping color coding.

                 10. No direct burial of steam or condensate piping shall be allowed.

                 11. Di-electric unions shall be used to separate dissimilar materials. Each di-
                     electric union shall have an isolation valve upstream and downstream for
                     maintenance and replacement.

            B. Joints. The following applies to all piping joints throughout the University
               campus. All jointing material shall conform to the Uniform Plumbing Code (UPC),
               the Uniform Mechanical Code (UMC) and any other applicable code(s).

                 1. All piping welded joints shall be done by a certified pipe welder.
                    Workmanship to conform to Section B31.1 of the ASME Piping Code. All butt
                    and socket welding on high pressure steam piping shall follow Central
                    Washington University’s Weld Procedure Specification, ANSI/AWS standard
                    B2.1-1-201.96”. See Appendix J.

                 2. All flanged steam piping to use spiral-wound gaskets.

                 3. All pipe flanges on high pressure steam lines shall be bolted with grade 5
                    bolts or equivalent grade studs.

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            15100         Valves, Cleanouts and Specialties

            A. Valves -- All ASTM approved. Steam valves to be rated for 150 PSI steam,

                 1. Architect/Engineer shall provide details for valves, cleanouts, and other pipe
                    system specialties (strainers, unions, etc.).

                 2. All valves used in one hundred pounds (100#) (100 PSI) steam service, to be
                    forged or cast steel, bolted bonnet, O.S. & Y, repackable under pressure. No
                    cast iron, bronze or brass valves shall be used.

                 3. See Section 15000 A.6.i for valves identification tagging requirements.

                 4. All valves shall have adequate access for servicing, operation, repairs and/or

                 5. Contractor to supply valve key for all underground valves.

            B. Cleanouts and Access

                 1. Urinal cleanouts shall be located above fixtures' flood levels. Cleanout plugs
                    to be easily removable during Commissioning inspection and testing.

                 2. Exterior cleanouts must be located at least four feet (4') away from buildings.
                    Cleanouts in hard surfaced areas shall have brass access cap flush with
                    grade. Cleanouts in non-hard surfaced areas shall be enclosed in 12” x 18”
                    utility access box.

                 3. Cleanouts located in crawl spaces shall have access caps extended to the
                    floor immediately above the crawl space. No cleanouts are allowed in
                    ceilings or attic spaces.

            C. Specialties.

                 1. All relief valves shall be plumbed to atmosphere or indirect waste oriented
                    outside the building in a code-approved manner.

                 2. Unions or flanges shall be installed on the discharge side of the relief valve to
                    allow for easy removal. Unions for removal of serviceable equipment shall be
                    installed in non-parallel lines to eliminate spreading of pipe assembly during

                 3. Provide shut-off valve at each shock arrester to facilitate maintenance.
                    Provide access doors to shut-off valves as needed.

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                 4. Hose bibs and wall hydrants to be frost-proof, self-draining, with approved
                    atmospheric vacuum breakers.

                 5. Trap Primers. All floor drains shall have working trap primers with access
                    panel. Trap primers location must be consolidated and easily accessible.
                    Provide shut-off valve at each trap primer to facilitate maintenance. Provide
                    one trap primer per floor drain. Do not combine traps in different rooms to
                    one trap primer. All trap primers must be labeled to drain.

            15170         Motors and Pumps

            A. All motors shall be high-efficiency motors with sealed bearings. Where
               applicable, all motors used for pumping and air handling shall be controlled by a
               variable-frequency drive and shall include a manual bypass for across the line

            B. All motors and pumps must have adequate maintenance access and removal

            C. Provide isolation valves on suction and discharge sides of all pumps.

            D. Architect/Engineer shall provide details for pump installation.

            15200         Insulation

            A. General

                 1. All insulation to be installed per manufacturer's instructions. No products
                    containing asbestos material are to be used for insulation.

            B. Pipe Insulation

                 1. Within buildings, steam, condensate and hot water to be insulated with pre-
                    formed rigid fiberglass insulation with pre-formed aluminum foil jacket and
                    PVC elbow covers.

                 2. Outside buildings, steam, condensate and hot water to be insulated with
                    closed-cell glass foam with appropriate covering as manufactured by Dow

                 3. Outside building chilled water piping shall be insulated to prevent freezing in

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                 4. All thermal valves (inside and outside of buildings) to be insulated with
                    insulation blankets formed to fit valve size and design.

            C. Pressure Vessel Insulation

                 1. Fiberglass batt insulation.

            D. Insulated Ducts

                 1. All ductwork shall be externally insulated only.

                 2. All metal pipe condensate drains running through air conditioned space(s)
                    shall be insulated.

            15440         Plumbing Fixtures

            The following are the approved manufacturers for all plumbing fixtures to be
            specified in the University campus facilities.

            A. Lavatories, Water Closets, Urinals and Bathtubs shall be vitreous china.
               Approved manufacturers: American Standard, Kohler or Crane. Provide a hose
               bib under each bank of sinks.

            B. Stainless steel sinks: Elkay, Kohler or Just.

            C. Lavatories and sinks faucets: Crane, Chicago, Delta or American Standard. All
               faucets shall be provided with 2.0 gpm aerators. Faucets for handicapped
               lavatories shall conform to ADA standards. Where metering faucets are
               required, provide Delta, Chicago or American Standard faucets.

            D. Flush valves: Zurn or Sloan Optima auto flush, to conform to ADA standards on
               all urinals and handicapped water closets. Provide Sloan flush valves on all

            E. Service sinks: American Standard or Kohler.

            F. Mop sinks: Fiat or Floorstone.

            G. Mop and service sink faucets: Chicago or American Standard faucets with
               approved vacuum breaker, check valves, and internal stops.

            H. Showers, Kitchen faucets and laboratory faucets: Chicago or American Standard
               faucets with approved vacuum breaker.

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            I. Electric drinking fountains: Elkay, Halsey Taylor or Haws. Avoid remote
               compressors in all drinking fountains. Provide an easily accessible isolation
               valve at each unit.

            J. Water Heaters. Fifty (50) gallons or less: State or A.O. Smith, all with approved
               safety devices. Over fifty (50) gallons: A.O. Smith, Rudd, or Parker "WH" Series
               indirect-fired model(s). All propane water heaters must be convertible to natural
               gas. Provide a galvanized metal drain pan at each water heater. Each drain pan
               must also include a drain line.

            K. Circulating pumps: Bell Gossett or Armstrong, all bronze.

            L. Backflow assemblies and vacuum breakers: Febco to meet with the approval of
               the City of Ellensburg Water Department. Testing must meet all standards set
               forth by the State Health Department. Backflow assemblies must be tested and
               shown to be operable prior to the acceptance of the project. Testing will be at
               the expense of the Contractor. Backflow preventers shall be installed with
               provision for thermal expansion where needed. No backflow preventer is to be
               installed above four feet (4') from floor level and no backflow prevention device
               shall be installed within three feet (3’) of any heat producing equipment. When
               connected to heat producing equipment, backflow preventers shall be protected
               by a thermal trap. Provide easy access for maintenance, removal and/or
               replacement work. All backflow preventers must be properly supported. Bleeds
               must be piped to drains. Backflow preventers must not be located within or
               above electrical or telecommunication rooms, or spaces with electronic

            M. Roof drains, floor drains, carriers and grease traps: J.R. Smith, Zurn or Wade.
               Grease traps shall be located outside of buildings. Provide floor drain with floor
               sloped to drain in all toilet rooms. All floor drains must be tested during

            N. Angle stops: Eastman with loose key, 1/4 turn stops.

            O. Steam regulators: Spence. Connection type to conform to steam piping
               standards. Strainers to be installed upstream. Manufacturer’s recommendations
               for up-stream and down-stream distances from fittings shall be followed for
               regulator location. See Appendix K for typical installation detail.

            P. Traps and drain connections: McGuire or T.S. Brass.

            Q. Emergency showers and eye wash units: Haws or Western. Provide floor drains
               with trap primers at all interior emergency showers and eye wash stations. Each
               to have isolating shut-off valve (SOV) and access panel to trap primers. Eye

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                 wash units shall be plumbed on a domestic hot water supply loop. No
                 connections to branch dead-end legs are allowed.

            R. Water filtering system(s): Cuno Systems, or as otherwise approved by the
               Project Manager.

            S. Water treatment: to be approved by the Project Manager on a case-by-case

            15600         Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC).

            A. General

                 1. Location of all HVAC equipment and controls must be easily accessible for
                    servicing and maintenance activities. Allow a minimum of 36" clearance for
                    operator's access to all equipment, including (specifically) coils and the
                    controls side of variable air volume (VAV) boxes. This clearance may need to
                    be increased to allow for the removal and/or replacement of any and all items
                    within the units which may need to be removed for servicing and/or repair
                    operations. There must also be adequate clearance for the replacement of
                    filters and valves access in VAV boxes.

                 2. All selected HVAC units shall be of the highest energy efficiency possible.
                    Wherever possible, HVAC cooling units shall have multiple compressors for
                    diversification and redundancy.

                 3. All mechanical equipment rooms are to be fully enclosed and roofed. Access
                    panels or doors must be large enough to allow the removal of any and all
                    mechanical system components located within.

                 4. All condensate drip pans must be piped to drains. Provide legal air gap. All
                    HVAC units must be mounted over six inches (6") high drip pan(s).

                 5. All roof-mounted equipment must consider re-roofing and roofing
                    maintenance and/or repair operations.

                 6. For re-heat circulating systems, two (2) way control valves are allowed at fan
                    coils. However, three (3) way valves are required at the end of branch

                 7. Chilled water cooling systems within buildings shall use variable frequency
                    drive pumps and variable flow control systems.

                 8. Air Handling Units. Heating coils located in air handling units subject to
                    freezing from required ventilation air intake quantities, shall use fifty percent

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                     (50%) propolene glycol heating fluid supplied from a separate heat exchanger
                     and pump circulation system.

                 9. Heating coils and chilled water coils must be 100% drainable and must have
                    drain valves and air vents installed.

                 10. For all heating and cooling coils, a means of cleaning the air side of the coil
                     shall be provided, (i.e. hinged access door) on inlet side of coil including coils
                     in terminal units.

                 11. Motors on VAV boxes shall be 125 volts, single phase.

                 12. All HVAC unit with 100% outside air intakes for continuous makeup shall
                     utilize electric radiant heaters located in the intake plenum to prevent frost
                     buildup on filters and screens.

            15700         Cooling Towers/Cooling Package Units.

            A. Cooling Towers.

                 1. All mechanical equipment on cooling towers shall be located out of the wet air

                 2. All mechanical equipment must be located and/or positioned so as to be
                    easily serviceable.

                 3. Make-up water to be protected with approved back flow preventers.

                 4. HVAC design and installation must allow for cooling towers cross-over piping
                    when systems involve multiple compressor/cooling tower configurations.

                 5. Provide one (1) 20 amp, 115 volt GFI duplex outlet per National Electric
                    Code, and one (1) back-flow protected hose bib at each cooling tower.

                 6. Provide water taps for water treatment testing on all closed circulating pipe

                 7. Chiller coils must be 100% drainable. Slope coil towards drain end. Provide
                    vents to enable draining coils when valves are closed. Consultant to provide
                    chiller coil installation detail(s).

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            B. Cooling Package and Fan Coil Units.

                 1. Access to roof-mounted units is preferable through stairs and/or elevator(s).
                    Vertical ladders and ship ladders are to be avoided. If and when ladders are
                    provided, equipment lifting cranes must be installed.

                 2. Filters: all units shall have filters located at the unit. Removal and/or
                    replacement must be achieved easily and without damaging the filters.
                    Mechanical rooms are the preferred location. No air filters are to be located
                    inside of classrooms. The Mechanical drawings and/or calculations shall
                    indicate filters efficiency.

                 3. Filters should be pleated-media type, two inches (2”) thick, and thirty percent
                    (30%) efficient, minimum.

                 4. 3. Convenience outlet: a 20 amp, 115 volt, GFI electric outlet shall be
                     provided as per the National Electric Code.

                 5. 4. Safety controls: In all cooling package units, the cooling system shall be
                     protected by a fusible plug, high pressure stat, with manual reset, low
                     pressure stat, compressor motor overload, and a timing device which will
                     prohibit the compressor motor from being subjected to a starting current more
                     than once every five (5) minutes.

                 6. 5. Provide an access panel to the inlet side of coils on all fan coils and in-
                     duct coil installations to facilitate visual inspection and cleaning.

            15900         Ductwork

            A. No more than six feet of flexible duct shall be used in one run. No angles greater
               than forty-five degrees (45º) shall be done with flexible duct. Adhere to all
               SMACNA and manufacturer’s installation instructions.

            B. No ductwork shall be exposed to the elements.

            C. All dampers larger than twelve inches (12”) in any dimension shall be multiple
               blade construction. All dampers larger than four hundred (400) square inches
               shall be opposed blade.

            D. All final air delivery devices shall have diffusers.

            E. No fiberglass or fiberboard shall be used for supply or return ductwork.

            F. All supply and return air duct joints shall be sealed with an approved duct

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            G. In remodeling projects, the Contractor shall be responsible for cleaning and
               repair of all the existing ductwork associated with the project.

            15970         Energy Management Systems (EMS), Controls and Instrumentation.

            A. It is the University's intent to eventually have all its mechanical and electrical
               systems hooked up connected to its EMS.

            B. All Energy Management controls shall conform to BACNET standards and shall
               be fully compatible with the existing campus Energy Management network (by
               Alerton Company).

            C. The Architect/Engineer shall provide complete Sequence of Operations (SOP) for
               each mechanical system and specify a control point list for each SOP.

            D. The Contract Documents shall provide a project controls table indicating, for
               each project area, the description, type and device to be used.

            E. All junction boxes for the EMS are to be painted yellow. EMS conduit must be
               tagged or marked with at least four inches (4") long yellow sections at twenty feet
               (20') maximum intervals.

            F. All controls power must be on a dedicated circuit.

            G. All controls to be fully compatible with the existing and/or approved EMS.

            H. Access to the control system infrastructure (network or backbone) shall be
               provided in each major mechanical room, (for lap top computers) thru the use of
               a “mini hub”. “Mini hub” type must be approved by CWU staff. “Mini hub” shall be
               installed in an enclosure.

            I. All functions and displays shall be available for remote control at the operator's

            J. Shut-down through direct wiring and the EMS of mechanical systems shall be
               coordinated with the fire alarm and fire detection systems.

            K. Controls installation and workmanship shall conform to the latest approved
               edition of the National Electric Code.

            L. Direct Digital Controls (DDC) communication data trunk cable shall have red
               jacket insulation.

            M. Provide local display module at steam condensate meters.

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            15990         Commissioning Guidelines.

            A. Refer to Division 17 of this document for Commissioning Guidelines.

            15995         Operations and Maintenance Training

            A. Refer to Section 2.6.2 of this document for requirements regarding project
               closeout, facilities walk-through and the Facilities Management personnel training

            Division 16    Electrical Design Guidelines
            (Refer to Appendix L for detailed guide specification)

            A. General

                 1. All work shall comply with the electrical ordinances of the State of
                    Washington, OSHA, and with all the requirements of the latest edition of the
                    National Electrical Code. A copy of the latest edition of the National Electrical
                    Code shall be kept at the job site at all times.

                 2. Protection for all material and equipment in storage or installed at the job site
                    is mandatory. Electronic equipment shall be stored in a controlled humidity
                    and temperature environment.

                 3. All damages caused to electrical installations by concrete core/hole cutting,
                    drilling, or sawing shall be repaired by the party who caused the damage.
                    Repairs shall be done immediately and to the complete satisfaction of the
                    University or its authorized representative.

                 4. All electrical work will be inspected and approved by the Project Manager (or
                    authorized representative of the Facilities Management Department) and the
                    State Electrical Inspector before it is concealed.

                 5. Panel locations must be indicated on the 100% Design Development
                    submittal. Do not locate panels behind doors or any other items which may
                    occasionally obstruct access to the panels.

            16100         Conduit

            A. Mininum conduit size: Half inch (½”) trade size. No pre-wired flexible conduit
               other than fixture whips shall be used. No set screw connectors or coupling on
               two inch (2”) and smaller.

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            B. No junction boxes shall be located any closer than four feet (4') from steam
               piping. All junction boxes must be easily accessible.

            C. Provide tracer wire and locator tape in all underground lines per Section 2115.

            D. No condulet bodies are to be used in interior electrical installations, above
               suspended tile ceilings or in concealed areas.

            E. Conduit boxes shall be two-and-one-eighth inches (2 1/8") minimum depth.

            F. Provide four (4) one inch (1") empty conduits --two on each side-- from all
               electrical panels into nearby or accessible ceiling spaces for future electrical

            G. Duct banks and grounding in underground circuits shall be as per Appendix M.

            16120         Wiring and Circuitry

            A. Electrical panels approved manufacturers: General Electric, Cutler-Hammer,
               Square D, and Westinghouse.

            B. Panels and Motor starters. Use NEMA sizes instead of IEC.

            C. Use a separate neutral wire for all convenience outlets and circuits where
               computers will be connected. Elsewhere, the electrical designer must provide for
               the possible effects of harmonics on the neutral wire and the transformer.

            D. When determining rooms electric service, the electrical designer must consider
               the alternative use(s) and possible functional changes affecting such spaces over

            E. Provide all-copper stranded wire throughout on #14 or greater wiring. No solid
               wiring is allowed. Building grounds must be green in color. Isolated grounds:
               green with yellow traces.

            F. Systems voltage wiring colors are to be per the National Electrical Code.

            G. Provide a minimum of thirty percent (30%) expansion capacity for future circuitry
               in all electrical panels.

            H. Circuit Labeling. Each circuit must be labeled at the panel as follows:

                 1. Circuit number/designation.

                 2. Specific use (outlet, lighting, equipment, etc.)

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                 3. Room number and location (Room 203, E. wall, etc.)

                 4. Circuit labeling shall be typed -- not handwritten.

                 5. Provide circuit panel labels on outlet covers. Label with Kroy Dura Type, 240

                 6. Travelers of three (3) and four (4)-way switches shall be purple in color.

            I. Provide duplex outlets in all hallways and corridors for custodial equipment.

            J. All outlet and switch covers shall be stainless steel. All outlets shall be identified
               with its corresponding panel and circuit breaker designation.

            K. All electrical panel covers shall be side-hinged.

            L. Use bolt-in breakers in all electrical panels. Use HACR breakers for all power
               loads. Lighting panels may have standard breakers.

            M. Provide transient voltage surge protection at electrical panels serving DDC

            16190         Supporting Devices

            A. All fixtures and equipment installed or located in suspended ceilings shall be
               supported by seismic wiring.

            16200         Power Generation

            A. Typical fixtures to be connected to emergency power, if provided, shall be: exit
               signage, emergency lighting, telephone system, fire alarm, sound and intercom
               system(s), security alarm, ADA power-assisted doors, electrical and mechanical
               rooms lights.

            B. Built-in UPS system(s) must be reviewed by the Project Manager.

            C. Variable frequency drives (V.F.D.) shall be Type ABB or Gramm Dan Foss-

            D. All pumps and air handling motors shall be V.F.D. friendly of a type approved by
               the manufacturer to be supplied by a V.F.D.

            16400         Service and Distribution

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            A. All main distribution equipment shall have copper buss bars; no aluminum will be

            B. All switchboards, motor control centers, disconnects, etc., shall be lockable in the
               OFF position for compliance with OSHA standard lock/tag out procedures.

            C. All transformers shall have copper windings. No aluminum is allowed.

            16500         Interior Lighting

            A. Submittals

                 1. Provide electric fixtures catalog cut sheets for approval with the 100% Design
                    Development submittal. Catalog cut sheets must specify the following:
                    a Manufacturer and local representative.
                    b Fixture Model number, size(s)/dimensions.
                    c Lamp(s) type, wattage, color(s) and finish(es).
                    d Fixture ballast(s) specifications.
                    e Lenses type(s) and mounting characteristics.
                    f Unit cost.

            B. Products and Materials

                 1. All lighting fixtures shall have energy-efficient electronic ballasts with
                    32W/34W T8/Cool White fluorescent tubes. Color rendition: 3500 Kelvin or
                    (occasionally) 4100 Kelvin. All fluorescent light fixtures shall be four feet (4')
                    long with two (2) or four (4) tubes per fixture only.

                 2. No master/slaves ballast fixtures are allowed.

                 3. All new multimedia and computer classrooms shall be provided with two-level
                    lighting systems. Provide parabolic lenses in all multimedia and computer
                    classrooms/labs light fixtures.

                 4. All general purpose classrooms shall have combination infrared/motion
                    detection sensors.

                 5. All lighting fixtures must be accessible on all sides for maintenance and
                    repair. Accessibility is understood to be without the need to remove the
                    fixture for servicing.

                 6. All switches and outlets shall be specifications grade.

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                 7. Electronic ballasts warranty(ies) must be five (5) years from the date of
                    Commissioning acceptance. The warranties shall be in the name of Central
                    Washington University and must be submitted with the O & M Manuals.

                 8. Stairwells lighting must be reachable using a six-foot (6') ladder, maximum.

                 9. No glass lenses are allowed in interior lighting fixtures.

            16530         Exterior and Site Lighting.

            A. Submittals

                 1. Provide electric fixtures catalog cut sheets for approval with the 100% Design
                    Development submittal. Catalog cut sheets must specify the following:
                    a Manufacturer and local representative.
                    b Fixture Model number, size(s)/dimensions.
                    c Lamp(s) type, wattage, color(s) and finish(es).
                    d Lenses type(s) and mounting characteristics.
                    e Unit cost.

            B. General Design Considerations

                 1. Site lighting should not exceed forty feet (40') in height in parking lots and
                    twenty five feet (25’) elsewhere. Site lighting illumination criteria shall be as
                    a Exterior pole lighting shall be Executive 20 Sterner fixture heads, 5”
                        square Sterner poles, baked enamel, dark bronze, steel, straight, 16.6
                        load. Refer to Appendix N for typical “Light Pole & Base Detail”.
                    b Open parking facilities: 1.0 minimum footcandles (fc) on pavement.
                    c All illuminance uniformity ratios shall be 3:1 (Average/Minimum).

                 2. All proposed site lighting designs must be reviewed by the Project Manager.

                 3. All site lighting circuitry maximum load shall not exceed sixty percent (60%)

                 4. All exterior lighting (including building-mounted fixtures) shall be connected to
                    photoelectric cells and wired to a dedicated central exterior lighting control.
                    Control voltage: 120 volts. Alternate circuits on campus lights with more than
                    one circuit.

                 5. All exterior lighting must be coordinated with the landscaping design to avoid
                    night shadows and fixture accessibility.

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                 6. Standard exterior lighting fixtures are HPS and Metal Halide with multi-tap

                 7. Provide strain relief on cables in exterior lighting poles over twenty feet (20')
                    in height.

                 8. All grade-level exterior lighting must be placed twelve inches (12") minimum
                    above grade.

                 9. Stairwells lighting must be reachable using a six foot (6') ladder, maximum.

            16535         Emergency Lighting

            A. Power for emergency lighting shall be provided by ninety (90) minutes-rated
               battery ballasts. If the building has emergency generator(s), emergency lighting
               can be hooked up to it. may be supplied from these generators.

            B. Exit lighting signs and type: two (2) watt maximum, red light-emitting diodes wall
               mounted, whenever possible.

            C. On new construction, LED lamps with built-in non-replaceable filaments are not

            D. Make allowance for the “atomic” exit lights.

            16700         Fire Alarm System(s)

            A. General Design Considerations.

                 1. All fire alarm systems shall meet NFPA and ADA standards plus the specific
                    requirements of the authority having jurisdiction over the system(s) products,
                    performance and installation.

                 2. The fire alarm system must report to a monitoring center.

                 3. All fire alarm wiring shall be in EMT conduit with junction boxes painted red.
                    Fire alarm conduit must be marked with four inches (4") red paint or taped
                    sections at twenty feet (20') maximum intervals, one mark per room,

                 4. Extension of existing systems may require addressable devices and
                    programming at the alarm panel. Power supplies may need to be increased
                    in some cases.

                 5. Approved fire alarm manufacturer: Simplex.

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                 6. Fire alarm communication trunk cable shall have red jacket insulation.

                 7. Installation, or upgrades of fire alarm control panels shall be of a type that can
                    interface to the current fire alarm network. If the fire alarm network
                    connection is available, the system shall be connected with all necessities
                    provided on the graphics command center.

            16727         Security System(s)

            A. Approved Manufacturer: as approved by the Project Manager (in consultation
               with the University's Environmental Management and Controls Systems

            B. General Design Considerations.

                 1. All security systems must report to a monitoring center.

                 2. In new construction, any exposed security system wiring shall be in conduit.

            16731         Clock Systems

            A. Approved manufacturer: Simplex.

            16735         Telecommunications Facilities

            A. Refer to CWU’s Computing and Telecommunication Services Standards and
               Design Guide on the CWU web page at:

            16850         Electric Heating

            A. Electric heating shall be avoided throughout all University facilities.

            Division 17            Miscellaneous

            17010         Commissioning Guidelines

            A. General

                 1. Introduction. This section may not apply to some projects, so the
                    Architect/Engineer must verify with the FPCS Project Manager the
                    applicability and scope of the procedures and services outlined herein. Work

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                     includes commissioning of building architectural, mechanical and electrical
                     systems and reporting the results of this process.

                 2. Definition. Building commissioning work is a joint effort requiring the
                    participation of all project team members to ensure that all building systems
                    function properly and meet their designed intent. Note that the process
                    defined herein goes well beyond the typical building start-up and testing
                    procedures both in detail of testing and in level of documentation.

                 3. Goals and Objectives. There are six (6) major goals to be achieved by the
                    commissioning process. They can be summarized as follows:
                    a To provide safe and healthy facilities by minimizing building system’s
                       deficiencies relative to air quality and environmental comfort.
                    b To improve energy efficiency and increase the facility's life by improving
                       systems performance.
                    c To reduce operating and maintenance costs by fine-tuning building
                    d To facilitate the training of the operations and maintenance staff and
                       develop appropriate testing and operational processes.
                    e To improve all systems' technical documentation relative to the operation,
                       maintenance, troubleshooting and renovation(s) of facilities.
                    f To aid in meeting the facility users' needs by developing a facility that
                       operates as it was intended.

                 4. Single-Party Commissioning. The type of commissioning services to be
                    retained by the University will be the single-party commissioning approach,
                    where a commissioning team, as defined in Section C, is assigned to perform
                    various commissioning functions as detailed in C.3. Single-party
                    commissioning adds a new element to the traditional Owner-
                    Architect/Engineer-Contractor team, but it does not require significant
                    changes in the functions of the traditional team members.

            B. Commissioning Schedule

                 1. The Commissioning process shall begin during the Design Process and
                    continue through Substantial Completion and Project Closeout. The schedule
                    of Commissioning activities shall be as follows:
                    a The Commissioning Authority (CA), consisting of technical and
                        professional staff employed by the Owner shall coordinate and schedule
                        all commissioning activities during the program development and design
                        phases of the project.
                    b Pre-Commissioning Meeting. Prior to start of any construction activities.
                    c Construction Support. During submittals review and construction period.
                    d Installation Verification. During construction and after completion of
                        specific systems.

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                     e Testing, Adjusting and Balancing (TAB) and Controls Verification. After
                       successful completion of balancing and DDC controls calibration.
                     f Functional Performance Tests. After successful completion of TAB and
                       Controls Verification phase. This phase is to include all systems.
                     g Combined System Functional Performance Tests. After successful
                       completion of the Functional Performance Tests phase.
                     h Final Report. After the successful completion of all preceding phases.

                 All of the above activities must be successfully completed prior to Substantial

            C. Commissioning Team

                 1. The Commissioning Team shall consist of the following members or as
                    required on a project-by-project basis:
                    a Commissioning Authority (CA)
                    b PM or Owner's Representative (OR) -- this role will vary, depending on the
                       system to be tested.
                    c Architectural Representative (AR)
                    d Structural Engineer (SE)
                    e Mechanical Engineer (ME)
                    f Electrical Engineer (EE)
                    g Specialty Consultant (SP)
                    h Test Engineer (TE)

                 In addition, trades people for each trade involved in the construction shall
                 participate in the Commissioning process as described herein. The contractors
                 and/or subcontractors listed below shall provide labor, materials, equipment and
                 technical support as required within the scope of their respective trades, to
                 facilitate the Commissioning process. These contractors shall perform tests and
                 verification procedures required by the Commissioning process when requested
                 by the TE. The TE shall ensure the participation and cooperation of
                 subcontractors. These subcontractors include, but are not limited to the
                  Mechanical Contractor (MC)
                  Sheet Metal Contractor (SC)
                  Plumbing Contractor (PC)
                  Controls Contractor (CC)
                  Balancing Contractor (BC)
                  Electrical Contractor (EC)
                  Security Alarm System Contractor (AC)
                  Fire Alarm Contractor (FC)
                  Voice/Data System Contractor (TD)
                  Broadband System Contractor (VC)
                  Irrigation Installation Contractor (IC)

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                 Landscape Contractor (LC)
                 Manufacturers' Representatives (MR)

                 2. Qualifications

                     a The TE shall be an independent contractor hired directly by the General
                       Contractor or CWU, (to be determined on a project by project basis). The
                       TE shall be a Washington State Registered Professional Engineer in
                       mechanical or electrical engineering with, at least, five years experience in
                       the design and/or construction of building systems. Commissioning tests
                       verifications and final reports shall bear the TE's signature and P.E. seal.
                     b The CA, AR, SE, ME and EE, shall represent the Owner.

                 3. Responsibilities

                     The Commissioning Authority (CA) is the Owner’s Representative consisting
                     of a Project Manager and technical staff employed by the Owner. This
                     authority provides oversight of the commissioning process and reviews

                     The TE shall act as a team leader and be responsible for coordinating and
                     directing each step of the Commissioning process. The TE will have the
                     responsibility for recommending acceptance or non-acceptance to the AR and
                     CA. The TE shall recommend changes to the system to bring it into
                     compliance. These changes must be approved by the AR, the specific
                     system Project Engineer, and the CA. Once these approvals are secured, the
                     Contractor shall implement the changes. In the event of a conflict between
                     the requirements of the TE and the Project Engineer, the requirements of the
                     Project Engineer shall have precedence.

                     The duties of the TE include, but are not limited to:
                     a Develop and submit test plans and checklists for approval.
                     b Schedule commissioning meetings and record/distribute meeting minutes.
                     c Work with the Contractor and other trades to schedule Commissioning
                     d Write, produce and distribute the Final Commissioning Report.

            D. Submittals

                 1. The TE shall prepare and submit the following forms for approval by the CA,
                        within thirty (30) days prior to the Pre-Commissioning Meeting:
                     a Comprehensive test plan and schedule of the entire Commissioning
                        process including the start and duration of each activity. Provide a list of
                        the team members required to be involved in each task. The
                        Commissioning Schedule shall be in a format agreed by the

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                       Commissioning Team. The test plan shall be in paragraph format. Both
                       the plan and the schedule shall use equal task(s) identifiers for reciprocal
                     b All data sheets and checklists to be used during the Commissioning
                       process. A separate data sheet shall be provided for each type of test and
                       each type of system except where combined data from similar tests is
                       reasonable. Data sheets shall contain categories for all information
                       requiring checking or recording as indicated in this section. Data sheets
                       shall present all information in a clear and concise manner.
                     c Complete listing of qualifications of the Commissioning Agent.

                 2. The TE shall submit the following forms to the CA prior to beginning the testing
                     phase of the Commissioning process:
                     a Signed Certification of Completion from all applicable subcontractors.
                     b All reviewed and approved data sheets and checklists.
                     c All certification of completion bearing the TE's P.E. seal and signature.

                 3. The TE shall prepare and submit a draft copy of the Final Commissioning
                    Report, thirty (30) days after completion of all testing. This report shall
                    include, but not be limited to the following information:
                    a Narrative describing the Commissioning process, tests performed, and
                    b Narrative describing all commissioned systems.
                    c Computer-generated single line diagrams of all systems as installed.
                    d All completed testing log forms, checklists and test results.
                    e Signed certification of completion of Commissioning bearing P.E. seal and

            E. Meetings

                 1. The Pre-Commissioning meeting shall be held no later than thirty (30) days
                     after the construction contract award. The purpose of this meeting is to
                     review and approve the proposed Commissioning plan and schedule.

                 2. Commissioning progress meetings shall be held periodically during the
                    Commissioning process to review past activity(ies) and to discuss upcoming
                    tests. These meetings may be called by the TE or the CA, and are to be
                    scheduled on an as-needed basis.

                 3. The TE shall attend the Pre-Construction meeting and periodic construction
                    meetings during construction.

            F. Products

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                 1. Calibration of Test Equipment. The test equipment shall be calibrated as per
                    the system(s) or product(s) manufacturer's recommendations, with calibration
                    tags permanently affixed to the instrument being used. The test equipment
                    shall be maintained in good repair and working condition throughout the
                    duration of the project, and shall be re-calibrated as needed.

                 2. Access. The Contractor shall provide all scaffolds, staging and accessories
                    required to allow the TE to gain access to equipment, dampers, valves, and
                    other devices located beyond the range of a six feet (6') step ladder.

                 3. Jobsite Services. In projects where a full time jobsite TE is required, the
                    Architect/Engineer's specifications must require the following services to be
                    made available to such representative:
                    a Intermittent access to telephone services (for local calls only).
                    b Intermittent access to facsimile (FAX) machine for (local faxes only).
                    c Intermittent use of desk and secure desk storage space.
                    d Access to sanitary facilities.
                    e Use of on-site duplicating equipment.

                 In addition, the Project Specifications shall indicate that the General Contractor
                 and any Subcontractors shall provide the Commissioning Team with names,
                 telephone number(s) and addresses of all Sub-subcontractors, product and
                 materials manufacturers and distributors and any other specialized trades as
                 may be requested by the Commissioning Team.

            G. Execution

                 1. General. Building Commissioning shall consist of, but not be limited to,
                    construction support, installation verification, TAB and controls verification,
                    and performance testing.

                 2. Construction Support. The TE shall perform reviews of all mechanical and
                    electrical shop drawings to determine if systems configurations allow for the
                    optimum measurement of all data required to complete the Functional
                    Performance Tests. If all data required for the Functional Performance Tests
                    cannot be readily measured, the TE shall recommend the appropriate
                    changes to the drawings. In addition, the TE shall review shop drawings to
                    ensure that all required maintenance clearances are provided. The system
                    Design Engineer shall review the TE's recommendations and instruct the
                    Contractor to make any necessary changes and/or adjustments. TE shall be
                    required to field-verify all maintenance clearances and accesses.

                 3. Commissioning Testing Procedures.
                    a General. The purpose of the Commissioning testing is to confirm that all
                      pertinent site work, architectural, structural, mechanical and electrical

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                       systems have been properly installed, and that they are fully operational in
                       the manner in which they were intended. All tests shall be documented in
                       checklist form as described below. If any item on the checklist is not
                       satisfied, the TE shall recommend to the CA and/or the AR to instruct the
                       General Contractor to remedy the situation.
                     b Checklists. All checklists shall be developed on a project-by-project basis.
                       The following constitutes a general listing of all possible areas of
                       involvement and or testing which may be incorporated into the
                       Commissioning scope and that will require detailed installation and/or
                       operations verification checklists. Note that most projects will not require
                       all areas listed below to be included within the commissioning
                       responsibilities. Also, depending on the project, additional system and
                       component testing may be required. The applicable areas must be
                       verified with the FPCS Project Manager on a project-by-project basis.
                       1) Department Specific Systems. (To be defined on a case-by-case
                       2) Site/Utilities
                           a) Steam.
                           b) High-voltage electric service.
                           c) Domestic/Reclaimed water.
                           d) Chilled water.
                           e) Natural gas.
                           f) Compressed air.
                           g) Telephone, Fiber Optics and Data services.
                           h) Condensate return.
                           i) Landscaping and soils.
                           j) Irrigation system.
                           k) Asphalt paving.
                           l) Portland Cement Concrete Paving.
                           m) Storm sewer systems.
                           n) Sanitary sewer systems.
                       3) Architectural/General Building Systems.
                           a) Building envelopes.
                           b) Wall systems (including fireproofing and densities tests).
                           c) Ceiling systems.
                           d) Doors, windows, hardware, and glazing systems.
                           e) Flooring and carpeting
                           f) Paint and interior finishes.
                           g) Cabinetry and millwork.
                           h) Fixed equipment.
                           i) Furniture and furnishings systems and installation.
                           j) Roofing and flashing.
                           k) Snowfall protection.
                           l) Insulation and vapor barriers.
                           m) Waterproofing and damproofing.
                           n) Sealants and caulking.

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                               o) Toilet partitions and accessories.
                               p) Lighting
                          4)   Structural
                               a) Soil(s) analyses.
                               b) Compaction tests.
                               c) Aggregates testing.
                               d) Concrete and masonry strength testing.
                               e) Welding tests.
                               f) Steel, high-strength bolts, and connections testing.
                          5)   Vertical Transportation
                               a) Installation and workmanship.
                               b) Controls and operation.
                               c) Finishes.
                          6)   Plumbing
                               a) Piping.
                               b) Valves.
                               c) Pumps.
                               d) Fixtures.
                               e) Fire protection.
                          7)   HVAC
                               a) Motors and pumps
                               b) Water heaters and Boilers.
                               c) Cooling towers.
                               d) Cooling package and fan coil units.
                               e) Condensate drains.
                               f) Filters.
                               g) Convenience outlets and safety controls.
                               h) Ductwork and insulation.
                               i) Controls and EMS.
                               j) Actuators.
                               k) Hydronic heating system.
                               l) Steam system.
                               m) Chilled water and refrigeration.
                          8)   Electrical
                               a) Conduits
                               b) Wiring and circuitry.
                               c) Power generation.
                               d) Electric service and distribution.
                               e) Interior, exterior and emergency lighting.
                               f) Fire Alarm system.
                               g) Security system.
                               h) Telecommunication and audiovisual systems.
                               i) Broadband Video system.
                               j) Conductor and receptacles identification.
                               k) Lighting.
                               l) Lighting controls.
                               m) Clock system.

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                              n) Lightning protection.
                              o) Grounding.

            H. Specifications.

                 1. Appendix B contains the commissioning specifications (Sections 17010 and
                    17020) to be included in all Project Bid Documents. These Specifications
                    may require modifications for each project and should be used as an initial
                    reference only.

                                                           End of Document

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