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					Sustainability Appraisal of the
   Newark and Sherwood
Local Development Framework

Core Strategy Options Report


        October 2009
                                               Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



CONTENTS
                                                                                               Page
Non–Technical Summary                                                                             1

Compliance with the SEA Regulations                                                                 7

1.0 Introduction                                                                                   9
   Background                                                                                      9
   Sustainability Appraisal                                                                       10
   The Core Strategy Options Report                                                               12
   Purpose of the Report                                                                          17
   Structure of the Report                                                                        17
   Consultation                                                                                   18

2.0 The Sustainability Appraisal Process and Methodology                                          19
   Overview of the Process                                                                        19
   Scoping Report                                                                                 20
   Sustainability Appraisal Framework                                                             21
   Assessing Sustainability Performance                                                           25
   Difficulties Encountered                                                                       27

3.0 Context, objectives and baseline                                                              29
   Overview                                                                                       29
   Other plans, programmes and policies                                                           29
   Key Environmental and Sustainability Issues                                                    29
   Internal compatibility of Sustainability Objectives                                            42

4.0 Core Strategy and Options                                                                     44
   Introduction                                                                                   44
   Core Strategy Spatial Vision                                                                   44
   Core Strategy Spatial and Area Objectives                                                      45
   Alternative Options                                                                            50
   Comparison of Sustainability Effects of Options                                                59

5.0 Core Strategy identifying Preferred Options                                                   60
   Introduction                                                                                   60
   Appraisal of Preferred Options (policies)                                                      60
   Secondary, Cumulative and Synergistic Effects                                                  73
   Uncertainties and risks                                                                        76
   Conclusions                                                                                    77

6.0 Core Strategy Implementation                                                                  78
   Links to other Local Development Framework documents                                           78
   Links to other Plans and Policies                                                              78
   Proposals for Monitoring                                                                       82




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                                            Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



CONTENTS

Appendices
   Appendix A –      Organisations consulted on the Scoping Report

   Appendix B –      Appraisal of the Vision

   Appendix C –      Appraisal of Objectives

   Appendix D –       Appraisal of Alternative Options

   Appendix E –       Glossary

Tables                                                                                     Page
   Table C1    –   Compliance of the Sustainability Appraisal Report with                        6
                   Schedule 2 of the SEA Regulations 2004
   Table 1.1 –     Newark & Sherwood Strategic Objectives                                      14
   Table 2.1 –     Sustainability Appraisal stages and tasks                                   19
   Table 2.2 –     Sustainability Appraisal objectives and detailed                            22
                   decision–making criteria
   Table 2.3 –     Sustainability Appraisal matrix                                             25
   Table 2.4 –     Symbols to record performance of alternative and                            26
                   preferred options
   Table 2.5   –   Difficulties encountered                                                    27
   Table 3.1   –   Key messages from document review                                           30
   Table 3.2   –   Summary of Key Environmental and Sustainability Issues                      36
   Table 3.3   –   Internal compatibility of revised Sustainability Objectives                 42
   Table 4.1   –   Appraisal of Core Strategy Strategic Objectives                             46
   Table 4.2   –   Appraisal of Core Strategy Area Objectives                                  48
   Table 4.2   –   Recommended amendments to Core Strategy Objectives                          49
   Table 4.3   –   Spatial Strategy Options                                                    53
   Table 4.4   –   Impacts of Growth Options                                                   54
   Table 4.5   –   Homes for All Options                                                       55
   Table 4.6   –   Economic Growth Options                                                     56
   Table 4.7   –   Protecting and Enhancing the Environment Options                            57
   Table 4.8   –   Options for Addressing the Needs of Particular Areas                        58
                   Of the District
   Table 4.9 –     Newark Strategic Sites Options                                              58
   Table 5.1 –     Key findings of the Sustainability Appraisal of Preferred                   62
                   Options (policies)
   Table 5.2 –     Summary of the impacts of the Sustainability Appraisal of                   74
                   Preferred Options (policies)
   Table 6.1 –     Other Local Development Framework documents                                 78
                   to be produced
   Table 6.2 –     Links to other Plans and Programmes                                         79
   Table 6.3 –     Sustainability Issues that will require monitoring                          84




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                                           Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




Non–Technical Summary

      Introduction

S1.   This report outlines the methodology and main findings of the Sustainability
      Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood Core Strategy Options Report
      (Regulation 25 Consultation). Its purpose is to inform the decision making
      process by highlighting the main impacts that each Option considered could
      have, and the associated scope for mitigation. Newark and Sherwood District
      Council sustainability appraised its Core Strategy Issues and Options
      (published October 2005) and its Preferred Options Report (published
      October 2006), following this further work was undertaken on the Core
      Strategy to take into account the areas Growth Point Status. This Options
      Report is the result of this work.

S2.   The Options, accompanied by this Sustainability Appraisal Report, are the
      subject to consultation from October 2009 to December 2009. Following
      this, the Core Strategy will be submitted for independent Examination.

S3.   When completed, the Core Strategy DPD will provide a long–term vision and
      broad framework for the planning of future development in Newark and
      Sherwood District.

      Sustainability Appraisal

S4.   The Sustainability Appraisal (SA) process is a way of ensuring that all plans
      and programmes which relate to land use issues are compatible with the
      aims of sustainable development. This includes the constitute documents
      that will form the Newark and Sherwood Local Development Framework
      (LDF), including the Core Strategy.

S5.   While the issue of ‘sustainable development’ is a complex one, sustainable
      development can be defined as development which:

      ‘meets the needs of everyone, while ensuring environmental quality is also
      maintained. Specifically, sustainability looks at balancing environmental,
      social and economic aims’.

S6.   The SA process is now intrinsically linked with the European Union’s Strategic
      Environmental Assessment (SEA) Directive, which acts to ensure that all
      plans/policies with land use implications take into consideration
      environmental issues and impacts. The UK’s SA process has widened this
      scope, to also include consideration of social and economic issues when
      assessing specific plans and programmes relating to land use issues.




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                                            Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




       Sustainability Appraisal: Scoping Report

S7.    In December 2005, the District Council published the Sustainability Appraisal
       Scoping Report for its Local Development Framework for a five–week period
       of stakeholder consultation (see Appendix A).The purpose of the scoping
       stage, which culminated in the publication of the Scoping Report, was to
       identify the main sustainability issues in the District and to establish a
       framework for appraisal for its emerging Local Development Framework,
       including the Core Strategy. The Scoping Report has recently undergone a
       review process intended to bring the sustainability appraisal process fully up
       to date.

S8.    In updating the Scoping Report in the second half of 2009, the District Council
       conducted a review of other plans, programmes and strategies that may have
       an influence or important bearing on the Newark and Sherwood District Local
       Development Framework. The scoping stage also assessed the current
       environmental, social and economic conditions in the District, and the key
       environmental and sustainability issues. This baseline information assisted in
       the development of the Sustainability Appraisal Framework (see Table 2.2,
       page 22) and, subsequently, the identification of Options for the Core
       Strategy which the District Council is due to consult upon from 12th October
       2009 to 7th December 2009.

       Core Strategy: Issues and Options

S9.    The District Council developed a series of Options for addressing some of the
       key sustainability issues in Newark and Sherwood District. These were
       developed, in part, from the issues identified in the Sustainability Appraisal
       scoping stage and, earlier, in the consultation undertaken by the District
       Council on the 2003 Issues Report.

S10.   The Options considered were, principally, the general location of new
       development, the need for protection of employment land, access to facilities
       and services, and road transport options.

S11.   A Sustainability Appraisal of the Alternative Options for Newark and
       Sherwood District was undertaken, with the findings reported. The
       information was made available to stakeholders, the public and other
       interested parties, to assist in their consideration of the Preferred Options
       (see below).

S12.   Each Option was assessed against the SA objectives established through the
       preparation of the Scoping Report (the Sustainability Appraisal Framework).
       The main environmental, social and economic implications of each Option
       were recorded, and a comparative assessment made of their relative
       advantages and disadvantages.



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                                           Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




       Core Strategy: Preferred Options

S13.   Based upon the sustainability issues identified in the Scoping Report,
       stakeholder views, and the findings of the Sustainability Appraisal of Options
       available, the Council prepared a series of preferred policy options for the
       Core Strategy.

S14.   The Core Strategy Preferred Options Paper built on the preceding Issues and
       Options stage in further developing a ‘Spatial Vision for the District’ and
       ‘Spatial Objectives’ for the delivery of that Vision. Preferred Options were
       presented across a range of issues including a strategy for the locating of
       development within the District, housing and employment provision, tourism,
       retail development, transport, community facilities and the natural and built
       environment.

S15.   A Sustainability Appraisal of the Preferred Options for Newark and Sherwood
       District was undertaken, with the findings reported in a Sustainability Report.
       The information was made available to stakeholders, the public and other
       interested parties, to assist in their consideration of the Preferred Options.
       This document is available to view on the Council’s website at www.newark-
       sherwooddc.gov.uk/planningpolicy by following the links to the Local
       Development Framework.

S16.   Each Preferred Option was assessed against the SA objectives established
       through preparation of the Scoping Report (the Sustainability Appraisal
       Framework). The main environmental, social and economic implications of
       each Option were recorded, and a comparative assessment made of their
       relative advantages and disadvantages.

       Core Strategy Options Report

S17.   Following a review of the work undertaken so far, the designation of Newark
       as a New Growth Point and the then emerging East Midlands Regional Plan
       (Regional Spatial Strategy) it was felt that further work was required before
       the Core Strategy could be advanced. This led to ‘Key Decisions for our Core
       Strategy’ paper which was consulted upon in October and November 2009.
       The comments that were received as part of this were taken into
       consideration in the formulation of options and preferred options set out in
       the Core Strategy Options Report.

S18.   The Core Strategy Options Report further develops the Spatial Vision and
       Objectives set out in previous Core Strategy stages. Where appropriate the
       Report also sets out a Preferred Option that the District Council feels best
       addresses a particular issue. These options have been selected on the basis of
       meeting the Spatial Vision and Objectives, feedback from previous stages of
       the Core Strategy, results from the Sustainability Appraisal of options and the


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                                           Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



       findings and results from reports and studies.

S19.   Each Option put forward by the District Council has been assessed against the
       SA objectives within the revised Scoping Report. The main environmental,
       social and economic implications of each Option were recorded, and a
       comparative assessment made of their relative advantages and
       disadvantages.

S20.   The purpose of Sustainability Appraisal is not to identify the best Option, but
       to inform the decision making process, by highlighting the potential
       implications of pursuing a particular strategy or policy approach.

       Sustainability Appraisal Report

S21.   This Sustainability Appraisal Report is a key output of the appraisal process,
       presenting information on the likely significant effects of the Newark and
       Sherwood District Core Strategy. In summary, the likely significant effects will
       include:

        the majority of development directed to Newark Urban Area and, below
         this, identified larger centres.
        Improved infrastructure provision
        Strategic sites developed around Newark Urban Area, accommodating
         housing, employment and social provision
        the delivery of more housing to meet local needs, including affordable
         housing and Gypsy and Traveller accommodation
        business growth in the district.
        conservation of natural resources, including biodiversity and local habitats.
        improved access to community facilities and services.
        creation of environments that are more conducive to use of public
         transport, and cycling and walking.
        the appropriate consideration of climate change issues in planning and
         delivering new developments.

S22.   The Sustainability Appraisal process has played an important role in the
       development of the Newark and Sherwood District Core Strategy. It has
       identified the likely significant effects of alternative options, and has
       informed the District Council’s decisions on the approaches to be taken
       forward in the Core Strategy Options Report.

S23.   More generally, the Sustainability Appraisal has made the following positive
       differences to the process of preparing the Core Strategy:

        Improved baseline information – Preparation of the Scoping Report
         helped to identify the principal sustainability issues facing Newark and
         Sherwood District.




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                                           Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



        Other Plans, programmes and strategies –the scoping stage identified a
         number of plans and strategies that have now been considered in
         preparing the District’s Core Strategy.

        Greater clarity – The iterative process of developing and appraising
         options has helped to ensure that the Preferred Options are clear and
         concise. The Sustainability Appraisal process has also helped to identify
         where possible the potentially adverse impacts of each option – leading to
         further refinement or the consideration of appropriate mitigation.

S24.   In broad terms, the Core Strategy policies perform well against the
       sustainable development objectives, although certain specific adverse
       impacts have been identified in respect of individual proposed policies. Many
       of the individual policies make a positive contribution towards specific
       sustainable development objectives and, even where adverse impacts are
       identified, most can be appropriately addressed through appropriate
       mitigation considerations. Through the completion of this sustainability
       appraisal, the Council has ensured that through the various iterations of the
       Core Strategy, its performance and contribution towards a more sustainable
       future is one that has improved.

S25.   Overall, the role of the Local Development Framework is not to achieve
       sustainability on its own, but to ensure spatial planning contributes to
       sustainable development aims alongside the implementation of other policy
       documents. The Sustainability Appraisal process has provided the
       opportunity for the sustainability issues associated with the Core Strategy to
       be considered by policy makers, decision makers and the wider community.
       Whilst some issues remain, and some of these will be inherent within the
       trade off between the elements of sustainability, the Core Strategy provides a
       robust framework from which to progress sustainability objectives within the
       District.

       Consultation

S26.   This Sustainability Appraisal Report is published for consultation alongside
       the Core Strategy Options Report. This will provide the opportunity for the
       public and statutory bodies to make comments on the sustainability appraisal
       report and to use the findings of the sustainability appraisal report to inform
       comments which may be made on the Options Report.

S27.   The District Council welcomes any comments you may have on this
       document. To make your views known, please send your representations to
       the Planning Policy Manager, Planning Services, Newark and Sherwood
       District Council, Kelham Hall, Newark. NG23 5QX by 5:15pm on 7 December
       2009.




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                                          Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




S28.   For more information on the Sustainability Appraisal process please go to the
       Council’s website www.newark–sherwooddc.gov.uk/planningpolicy or
       contact the Planning Policy Team on 01636 655850, or by email on
       planningpolicy@nsdc.info




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                                              Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




      Compliance with the SEA Regulations

C1.   Whilst the term ‘sustainability appraisal’ has been around for a number of
      years, it is with the implementation of the SEA Directive (and its enactment in
      the UK through the SEA Regulations), that the process has moved from being
      solely a qualitative process to one that relies more substantively on an
      evidence base.

C2.   There is now a requirement that Sustainability Appraisal also includes
      compliance with the SEA Regulations. In order to demonstrate compliance
      against the reporting requirements of the Regulations, Table C1 below
      assesses the compatibility of the Sustainability Appraisal Report against the
      Schedule 2 of the Regulations, which concern information to be contained in
      Environmental (Sustainability Appraisal) Reports.

      Table C1: Compliance of the Sustainability Appraisal Report with
                Schedule 2 of the SEA Regulations 2004
       Report           Information Included       Information to be provided under
       Sections                                    Article 5(1) of the SEA Directive –
                                                   subject to Article 5(2) and (3)
       Non–Technical    Non–technical summary      Schedule 2(10) requires a non–technical
       Summary          of the process, the        summary of the information provided under
                        difference it has made,    paragraphs 1 to 9 of Schedule 2.
                        summary of the
                        appraisal findings,
                        proposed mitigation
                        and how to comment
                        on the report.
       Section 1:       Purpose of the Report,     Schedule 2(1) requires an outline of the
       Introduction     Strategy Objectives,       contents and main objectives of the plan or
                                                   programme, and of its relationship with
                                                   other relevant plans and programmes.
       Section 2: The   Appraisal Method, links    Schedule 2(2) requires the relevant aspects
       Sustainability   with other plans,          of the current state of the environment and
       Appraisal        programmes and             the likely evolution thereof without
       Process and      strategies, description    implementation of the plan or programme.
       Methodology      of the baseline and
                        trend information, any     Schedule 2(3) requires the environmental
       Section 3:       difficulties encountered   characteristics of areas likely to be
       Context,                                    significantly affected.
       objectives and
       baseline

                                                   Schedule 2(4) requires any existing
                                                   environmental problems which are relevant
                                                   to the plan or programme including, in
                                                   particular, those relating to any areas of a
                                                   particular environmental importance, such as
                                                   areas designated pursuant to Council
                                                   Directive 79/409/EEC on the conservation of
                                                   wild birds and the Habitats Directive.




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                                            Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



Report               Information Included        Information to be provided under
Sections                                         Article 5(1) of the SEA Directive –
                                                 subject to Article 5(2) and (3)
                                                 Schedule 2(5) requires the environmental
                                                 protection objectives, established at
                                                 international, Community or Member State
                                                 level, which are relevant to the plan or
                                                 programme and the way those objectives
                                                 and any environmental considerations have
                                                 been taken into account during its
                                                 preparation.
Sections 4 and       Summary of significant      Schedule 2(6) requires the likely significant
5: (results of the   environmental effects       effects on the environment, including short,
appraisal)           of the alternatives, the    medium and long–term effects, permanent
                     preferred policies, how     and temporary effects, positive and negative
                     they were considered        effects, and secondary, cumulative and
                     and proposed                synergistic effects, on issues such as:
                     mitigation                  (a) biodiversity;
                                                 (b) population;
                                                 (c) human health;
                                                 (d) fauna;
                                                 (e) flora;
                                                 (f) soil;
                                                 (g) water;
                                                 (h) air;
                                                 (i) climatic factors;
                                                 (j) material assets;
                                                 (k) cultural heritage, including architectural
                                                 and archaeological heritage;
                                                 (l) landscape; and
                                                 (m) the inter–relationship between the
                                                 issues referred to in sub–paragraphs (a) to
                                                 (l).
                                                 Schedule 2(7) requires the measures
                                                 envisaged to prevent, reduce and as fully as
                                                 possible offset any significant adverse effects
                                                 on the environment of implementing the
                                                 plan or programme.
                                                 Schedule 2(8) requires an outline of the
                                                 reasons for selecting the alternatives dealt
                                                 with, and a description of how the
                                                 assessment was undertaken including any
                                                 difficulties (such as technical deficiencies or
                                                 lack of know–how) encountered in compiling
                                                 the required information.
Section 6:           Links to other plans and    Schedule 2(9) requires a description of the
(implementation      programmes and              measures envisaged concerning monitoring
and monitoring       proposals for               in accordance with regulation 17 (of the SEA
framework)           monitoring                  Regulations) .




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                                          Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




1.0   Introduction

      Background

1.1   The report presents the findings of the Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark
      and Sherwood Core Strategy (to the Regulation 25 stage consultation known
      as the ‘Options Report Consultation’). The Core Strategy Options Report stage
      is part of developing the Newark and Sherwood Local Development
      Framework (LDF). The Core Strategy will provide a long–term vision and
      broad framework for the planning and control of development in Newark and
      Sherwood District. This Sustainability Appraisal also incorporates the
      requirements of an Environmental Report, consistent with the requirements
      of the Environmental Assessment of Plans and Programmes Regulations
      2004.

1.2   The Core Strategy Development Plan Document (DPD) is the first key
      document being prepared by the District Council as part of the LDF. The LDF
      is a joint set of planning policy documents for the District which are being
      prepared in stages. The LDF will, overtime, replace the existing Newark and
      Sherwood Local Plan, adopted 1999, which currently sets planning policy for
      the District.

1.3   The Core Strategy will ultimately be complemented by a more detailed
      document, setting out site specific allocations and policies for determining
      planning applications. Collectively these DPDs will be the basis for decision–
      making on new development and the use of land. DPDs will be
      supplemented by Supplementary Planning Documents (SPD). Further
      information on the LDF is contained in the District Council’s published Local
      Development Scheme (www.newark–sherwooddc.gov.uk/planningpolicy).

1.4   In October 2005, the District Council published the Core Strategy Issues and
      Options (CSIO) Paper for public consultation, setting out the main issues and
      alternative options facing the District from a planning policy perspective. The
      Preferred Options built on this with the District Council setting out its
      preferred approach to a variety of strategic planning policy issues.

1.5   The Core Strategy Options Report is the latest stage of the Core Strategy and
      takes account of reviews of the work undertaken thus far; the adoption of
      the East Midlands Regional Plan (Regional Spatial Strategy) and the
      confirmation of Newark as a Growth Point. Within the Report options are put
      forward to tackle a range of issues, these options are based upon the Spatial
      Vision and Objectives, consultation feedback, Sustainability Appraisal and the
      findings of reports and studies underpinning the Local Development
      Framework.

1.6   Following the Options Report stage a Pre-submission (Draft Core Strategy)
      will be produced and representations sought. Once this stage has been


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                                           Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



       completed a formal ‘submission’ version of Core Strategy will be submitted to
       the Secretary of State, and subjected to Public Examination by the Planning
       Inspectorate.

1.7    The ‘soundness’ of this ‘submission’ document is assessed by an independent
       Inspector, who will consider any consultation representations received, and
       issue a report with recommended changes that are binding on the District
       Council; from this, the District Council will then finalise and adopt the Core
       Strategy.

       Sustainability Appraisal

1.8    Sustainability appraisal is a technique used to assess the potential impacts of
       a plan, policy or development on the economy, society and the environment.
       It helps to identify areas where the plan performs well, where there is scope
       to increase the positive impacts or where there are risks of negative impacts.
       It can also help to make clear where there is a trade off between different
       positive and negative impacts. The appraisal is underpinned by the concept
       of sustainable development.

1.9    At the heart of sustainable development is the simple idea of ensuring a
       better quality of life for everyone, now and in the future. The most widely
       used definition was drawn up by the World Commission on Environment and
       Development in 1987 (Bruntland Commission):

       ‘Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the
       ability of future generations to meet their own needs’.

1.10   In 1999, the Government set four main aims for sustainable development in
       its strategy ‘A Better Quality of Life: A Strategy for Sustainable Development
       in the UK’. These were:

          Social progress which recognises the needs of everyone;
          Effective protection of the environment;
          Prudent use of natural resources; and
          Maintenance of high and stable levels of economic growth and
           employment.

1.11   No one of these objectives is more important than any other. Whilst there
       will be tensions between them, in the long term, success is dependent upon
       simultaneous delivery of all four objectives.

1.12   This Sustainability Appraisal is undertaken to fulfil the requirements of two
       independent but complementary statutory requirements. These are the
       Environmental Assessment of Plans and Programmes Regulations 2004




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                                              Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



       (referred to as the SEA Regulations) which enact EC Directive 2001/42/EC 1
       (SEA Directive) in England. The second statutory requirement is Section 39 of
       the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004, which requires that local
       planning authorities exercise their functions with the purpose of contributing
       towards sustainable development.

       The Environmental Assessment of Plans and Programmes (England)
       Regulations 2004

1.13   The EC Directive 2001/42/EC (enacted in the UK under the ‘Environmental
       Assessment of Plans and Programmes Regulations 2004’) requires a ‘Strategic
       Environmental Assessment’ (SEA) to be completed on spatial plans. As
       defined by Article 1 of the SEA Directive, the purpose of the SEA process is:

       ’to provide for a high level of protection of the environment and to
       contribute to the integration of environmental considerations into the
       preparation and adoption of plans and programmes with a view to promoting
       sustainable development…’

1.14   The SEA Directive (Article 2 (b)) defines ‘environmental assessment’ as a
       procedure comprising of:

        Preparing an Environmental Report on the likely significant effects of the
         draft plan or programme;
        Carrying out consultation on the draft plan or programme and the
         accompanying Environmental Report;
        Taking into account the Environmental Report and the results of
         consultation in decision making; and
        Providing information when the plan or programme is adopted and
         showing how the results of the environmental assessment have been
         taken into account.

1.15   Appendix 1 of the ODPM (Office of the Deputy Prime Minister) guidance on
       SEA provides an indicative list of plans and programmes which will be subject
       to SEA. This includes Local Development Documents2 such as the Core
       Strategy.

       The Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act

1.16   Section 39 of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 requires that
       any person or body responsible for the development and implementation of
       regional or local spatial plans must exercise the function with the objective of
       contributing to the achievement of sustainable development. Paragraph 24

1. Directive 2001/42/EC on the Assessment of the Effects of Certain Plans and Programmes
on the Environment.
2 ODPM et al (2005) A Practical Guide to the Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive,
ODPM, London


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                                           Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



       of PPS 1: Delivering Sustainable Development states:

       ’In particular they *planning authorities] should carefully consider the
       interrelationship between social inclusion, protecting and enhancing the
       environment, the prudent use of natural resources and the environment.’

1.17   The ODPM guidance on ‘Sustainability Appraisal for Regional Spatial
       Strategies and Local Development Documents’ states that sustainability
       appraisal is mandatory for new or revised Development Plan Documents and
       Supplementary Planning Documents. The guidance highlights that
       sustainability appraisal under the Planning and Compulsory Act 2004 should
       include the requirements of the SEA Directive.

1.18   In consequence, the work undertaken in support of this Sustainability
       Appraisal is compliant with both the requirements of sustainability appraisal
       and SEA.

       The Core Strategy Options Report

1.19   As detailed above, the Core Strategy is one of the District’s Local
       Development Framework DPDs. It is the document that sets out the spatial
       vision for Newark and Sherwood to 2026, and outlines the strategy to
       accommodate future housing, employment, retail and transport needs and
       the protection, conservation and enhancement of the built and natural
       environment through defined spatial objectives and policies.

1.20   The Core Strategy Options Report consists of a Vision and Objectives and
       more detailed strategic policies that will guide development within the
       District. The overarching Vision of the Core Strategy is:




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                                              Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




By 2026, Newark and Sherwood will become:

“An area providing a high quality of life, made up of thriving sustainable urban and rural
communities where people want to and can, live and work. These sustainable, balanced
communities will feature good quality housing with a mix of different sizes, types and
tenures which will address local needs.

The District will have a successful, diverse economy providing employment opportunities
to a local workforce, equipped with a wide range of skills arising from improved
education, learning and training.

The District will be made up of attractive and vibrant towns and larger villages that act as
employment and service centres for smaller villages and the surrounding rural areas, as a
result of sustainable growth and development, and in particular, Newark will have
complemented its existing role as a Sub-Regional Centre. This will bring new economic
and infrastructure investment, regeneration and a major response to affordable housing
shortages. Such investment will be located within the town and sustainable urban
extensions. Key transport improvements will have been secured. In the wider
countryside, our rural communities will have benefited from new, appropriate
development that addresses their needs and will enjoy improved accessibility through
good communications and transport, linking people to jobs, schools, and other services.

The District will be a place where people can enjoy a natural and built environment that
has been protected and enhanced in cleaner, safer and greener neighbourhoods that
encourage health, well-being and address local issues relating to the causes and effects of
climate change. Development will have been environmentally sensitive and resource
efficient with energy consumption and waste production minimised and opportunities for
appropriate forms of renewable energy maximised.

The District Council’s wealth of natural and built heritage will have been complemented
with new buildings and spaces that are well designed and respectful of local character.
Additional green and woodland spaces will have promoted the interests of nature
conservation and biodiversity. There will be more opportunities for tourism and visitors,
together with residents, will be welcome to take advantage of the area’s increased
attractions and improved facilities.

The District will have strong local distinctiveness as Newark and Sherwood’s unique
diverse character, culture and heritage will have been respected and promoted in the
course of change that has been guided by the principles of sustainable development.”




                                            13
                                           Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



1.21   The Vision was subject to Sustainability Appraisal consultation during the
       previous stages on the Core Strategy. This in addition to the review of work
       undertaken thus far has led to the Vision being refined and further
       developed. Subsequently a revised Vision has been included in the Core
       Strategy Options Report.

1.22   In order to assist delivery of the Vision, the Options Report identifies 14
       Strategic Objectives. These are set out in Table 1.1 below and have also been
       subject to Sustainability Appraisal.

       Table 1.1: Newark & Sherwood Strategic Objectives

       Objective To manage growth and change to ensure that sustainable
          1      development is achieved and promoted and the quality of life
                 for all improved.
       Objective To establish an appropriate spatial strategy that will guide the
          2      scale, location and form of new development across the
                 District, providing a long term basis for the planning of Newark
                 and Sherwood.
       Objective To ensure and sustain a network of sustainable communities
          3      which offer a sense of place that are safe, balanced, socially
                 inclusive and can respond to the needs of local people.
       Objective To develop a strong, sustainable economy that will provide a
          4      diverse range of employment opportunities for local people by:
                          providing a range of well located sites and premises for
                          employment development, including provision for small
                          and medium sized firms.
                          supporting the retention of existing jobs and the
                          development of local businesses.
                          protecting additional growth and diversification of the
                          District’s economy, linked to a desire to raise local
                          aspirations and an ambition to secure new service-
                          sector and higher skill level jobs and “knowledge-rich”
                          business, that will increase the scope for good jobs and
                          incomes available.
                          actively attracting regional, national and international
                          companies to the District.
                          developing an improved education base with enhanced
                          learning and training opportunities for local people,
                          that will enable the attainment of higher educational
                          standards/qualifications and skill levels.
                          stimulating tourism.
       Objective To manage the release of land for new housing, employment
          5      and other necessary development to meet the needs of the
                 District to 2026, in general conformity with the East Midlands
                 Regional Plan and integrated with the provision of new
                 supporting infrastructure.


                                         14
                                           Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




        Objective To reinforce and promote Newark’s role as an important Sub-
           6      Regional Centre, by ensuring that the town is the main focus
                  for new housing, employment, and other appropriate
                  development within the District. Such development will be
                  coordinated to ensure sustainable development.
        Objective To ensure that new, well-designed residential development
           7      helps to satisfy the housing needs of the District, providing a
                  mix of types, sizes and tenures, including:
                          affordable and social housing
                          local needs housing
                          special needs housing
                  that will support the development of balanced communities.
        Objective To retain and improve accessibility for all, to employment,
           8      services, community, leisure and cultural activities, through:
                          the integration of development and transport provision,
                          ensuring that most new development will be located
                          where it is accessible to use elements and facilities by a
                          range of means of transport;
                          the retention and upgrading of existing infrastructure,
                          services and facilities relating to transport and
                          communications;
                          encouraging the increased use of public transport,
                          walking and cycling.
        Objective To protect and enhance the built and national environment,
           9      heritage and biodiversity, giving additional protection to those
                  areas and buildings of recognised importance.
        Objective To secure high quality design in new buildings and
           10     development form that will provide a built and natural
                  environment reflecting local distinctiveness.
        Objective To produce a District that is environmentally sensitive where
           11     opportunities are taken to reduce our impact on the climate
                  system, including the reduction of CO² emissions and
                  encouraging the use of appropriate renewable energy
                  solutions, and to adapt to the implications of climate change.
        Objective To maintain and enhance the vitality and viability of the
           12     District's town centres.
        Objective To support the education sector and opportunities for training,
           13     including higher and further educational organisations, to
                  encourage the attainment of higher educational and skill
                  levels.
        Objective To engage in collaborative working with partner organisations
           14     and agencies to secure a better quality of life.

1.23   The District is also very diverse; within it are a number of areas which have
       their own distinct spatial characteristics. To aid the achievement of the Vision
       and the Strategic Objectives, the Council have in the Options Report
       formulated a number of Area Objectives these are:


                                         15
                                 Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




Newark Area
NA O1       To manage growth in and around Newark Urban Area (Newark,
            Balderton and Fernwood)and ensure that housing and
            employment growth are developed alongside appropriate
            infrastructure and facilities.
NA O2       To promote, protect and enhance the character and qualities of
            Newark Town Centre as a place for retail, business,
            administration, entertainment and tourism.
NA O3       To promote local services in remote rural areas and secure
            public transport linkages to Newark Urban Area, Collingham
            and Sutton-on-Trent.
Sherwood Area
ShA O1      To encourage the regeneration and redevelopment of the
            former mining communities of the area by fully exploiting the
            opportunities presented by Sherwood Forest Regional Park, the
            Sherwood Growth Zone and the skills and knowledge of the
            residents of the area.
ShA O2      To strengthen the role of Ollerton Town Centre as a retail and
            employment centre for both Ollerton and Boughton and the
            wider Sherwood Area.
ShA O3      To protect and enhance the Birklands & Bilhaugh Special Area
            of Conservation.
Mansfield Fringe Area
MFA O1      To encourage the regeneration and redevelopment of the
            former mining communities of the area by fully exploiting the
            opportunities presented by Sherwood Forest Regional Park, the
            Sherwood Growth Zone and the skills and knowledge of the
            residents of the area.
MFA O2      To encourage sustainable housing and economic growth in the
            settlements on the Mansfield Fringe to complement
            Mansfield’s role as a Sub-Regional Centre, support the
            Sherwood Growth Zone and to increase the self-sufficiency of
            the Mansfield Fringe Settlements.
Southwell Area
SoA O1      To protect the unique historic character of Southwell whilst
            promoting the town’s role as a Service Centre for the wider
            area and as a centre for tourism.
SoA O2      To support the sustainable development of the Nottingham
            Trent University Brackenhurst Campus, both as a place of
            learning and as a potential driver for economic growth in the
            District.
Nottingham Fringe Area
NFA O1      To protect the Green Belt from inappropriate development,
            facilitating development to meet local needs without
            promoting levels of development which would result in an
            increase in commuting to the Nottingham Principal Urban Area.


                                16
                                            Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




1.24   The objectives are realised by a range of Spatial, Core and Area Policies that
       collectively provide the framework for development in the District. The other
       DPDs included within the Local Development Framework should, when
       completed, also be read with reference to the policies contained in the Core
       Strategy.

       Purpose of the Report

1.25   This Report sets out the findings of the sustainability appraisal of the Core
       Strategy, up to and including its Options Report stage. It highlights the
       potential implications of the Core Strategy policies for the environment,
       economy and society within Newark and Sherwood, and also potentially
       outside the District. The Sustainability Appraisal is part of an ongoing process
       that aims to improve the sustainability performance of the Local
       Development Framework (this process is set out in Section 2.0).

1.26   This Sustainability Appraisal Report provides information for the policy
       makers within Newark and Sherwood District Council and also for interested
       parties and individuals outside the authority. Information on the
       sustainability performance of the Core Strategy Options Report allows for
       more informed debate, benefits public participation in the plan making
       process, and helps to ensure that the preferred spatial options selected make
       an effective contribution towards achieving sustainability within Newark and
       Sherwood District.

       Structure of the Report

1.27   The report contains the following sections:

         Section 2 – outlines the appraisal methodology including when and who
         were involved in the process, along with any difficulties encountered;

         Section 3 – sets out the approach to understanding the context and
         sustainability baseline, and developing the sustainability objectives;

         Section 4 – outlines the alternative options for the Core Strategy and the
         findings of the sustainability appraisal of these options; The Section also
         summarises the key sustainability issues associated with the Core Strategy
         Preferred Options including proposed mitigation measures where
         appropriate; and

         Section 5 – sets out proposals for monitoring the sustainability impacts.




                                          17
                                              Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



1.28   These sections include information to fulfil the requirements of the ODPM
       guidance3 on Sustainability Appraisals (its Appendix 15) and the SEA
       Regulations4. Table C1 (above) indicates which sections of this Sustainability
       Report include the information required by the SEA Regulations.

       Consultation

1.29   This Sustainability Appraisal Report is published for consultation alongside
       the Core Strategy Options Report. This will provide the opportunity for the
       public and statutory bodies to make comments on the sustainability appraisal
       report and to use the findings of the sustainability appraisal report to inform
       comments which may be made on the Options for the Core Strategy.

1.30   The District Council welcomes any comments you may have on this
       document. To make your views known please send your representations by
       5:15pm on 7th December 2009 to:

       Planning Policy Manager
       Planning Services
       Newark and Sherwood District Council
       Kelham Hall
       Newark NG23 5QX

1.31   For more information on the Sustainability Appraisal process please go to the
       Council’s website www.newark–sherwooddc.gov.uk/ planningpolicy or
       contact the Planning Policy Team on 01636 655850, or by email on
       planningpolicy@nsdc.info




3 Sustainability Appraisal of Regional Spatial Strategies and Local Development Documents,
ODPM, November 2005
4 The Environmental Assessment of Plans and Programmes (England) Regulations 2004


                                            18
                                             Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




2.0   The Sustainability Appraisal Process and Methodology

      Overview of the Process

2.1   Sustainability Appraisal is an iterative process that identifies and reports on
      the likely significant effects of the Plan, including whether implementation
      will achieve the social, environmental and economic objectives by which
      sustainable development is defined.

2.2   The principal elements of the Sustainability Appraisal process can be
      summarised as follows:

       Collecting and presenting baseline information;
       Reviewing other relevant plans, programmes and strategies;
       Predicting the significant effects of the plan and addressing them during its
        preparation;
       Identifying reasonable plan options and their effects;
       Involving the public and authorities with social, environmental and
        economic responsibilities as part of the assessment process; and
       Monitoring the actual effects of the plan during its implementation.

2.3   Table 2.1 provides a more detailed summary of the key stages and processes
      involved in sustainability appraisal.

      Table 2.1: Sustainability Appraisal stages and tasks
       DPD Stage 1: Pre–production – Evidence Gathering
       SA Stages and Tasks
       Stage A: Setting the context and objectives, establishing the baseline and deciding on
       the scope
       • A1: Identifying other relevant policies, plans and programmes, and sustainability
       objectives.
       • A2: Collecting baseline information.
       • A3: Identifying sustainability issues and problems.
       • A4: Developing the SA framework.
       • A5: Consulting on the scope of the SA.

       DPD Stage 2: Production
       SA Stages and Tasks
       Stage B: Developing and refining options and assessing effects
       • B1: Testing the DPD objectives against the SA framework.
       • B2: Developing the DPD options.
       • B3: Predicting the effects the DPD.
       • B4: Evaluating the effects of the DPD.
       • B5: Considering ways of mitigating adverse effects and maximising beneficial effects.
       • B6: Proposing measures to monitor the significant effects of implementing the DPDs.

       Stage C: Preparing the Sustainability Appraisal Report
       • C1: Preparing the SA Report.



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                                              Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




        Stage D: Consulting on the preferred options of the DPD and SA Report
        • D1: Public participation on the preferred options of the DPD and the SA Report.
        • D2 (i): Appraising significant changes.

        DPD Stage 3: Examination
        SA Stages and Tasks
        • D2 (ii): Appraise significant changes resulting from representations.

        DPD Stage 3: Adoption and Monitoring
        SA Stages and Tasks
        • D3: Making decisions and providing information.

        Stage E: Monitoring the significant effects of implementing the DPD
        • E1: Finalising aims and methods for monitoring.
        • E1: Responding to adverse effects.


2.4    This Sustainability Appraisal incorporates the requirements of the SEA
       Directive5. It also incorporates the requirements contained in ‘Planning Policy
       Statement 12: Local Development Frameworks’ for the Sustainability
       Appraisal of Development Plan Documents. The structure and content of this
       Sustainability Appraisal Report follows guidance in ‘Sustainability Appraisal of
       Regional Spatial Strategies and Local Development Documents’ (published by
       the ODPM in November 2005).

       Scoping Report

2.5    A Scoping Report was prepared which identified links with other relevant
       plans, programmes and policies, established the baseline conditions in
       Newark and Sherwood District (with reference to social, environmental and
       economic issues), identified the key environmental and sustainability issues
       to be addressed and identified a Sustainability Appraisal (SA) Framework with
       appraisal objectives and indicators.

2.6    The Scoping Report was subject to stakeholder consultation in December
       2005 and January 2006. The Council consulted the four statutory bodies as
       required by the SEA Regulations (the Environment Agency, the Countryside
       Agency, English Heritage and English Nature), as well as other stakeholders
       such as local authorities, environmental, social and economic development
       related interest groups and organisations (see Appendix 1).

2.7    A total of 10 consultation responses were received. The comments made
       have been given careful consideration, resulting in a small number of changes
       to the Sustainability Appraisal Framework. The comments received and the



5 Directive 2001/42/EC on the Assessment of the Effects of Certain Plans and Programmes
on the Environment.


                                            20
                                            Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



       District Council’s responses to each are set out in a separate report: ‘Scoping
       Report – Consultation Responses’ (March 2006).

2.8    Given the length of time since the production of the first SA Scoping Report
       the Council decided there was a need to update the Scoping Report. An
       update to the Scoping Report also provided the opportunity to use the
       Nottinghamshire Joint Sustainability Appraisal Framework (JSAF) to update
       the Scoping Report. The JSAF is a shared resource developed by all the
       Nottinghamshire Councils to aid production of the SA/SEA. The revised
       Scoping Report underwent a 5 week consultation period in June/July 2009,
       following this a range of comments were received which have been factored
       into the finalised document.

2.9    The District Council used the scoping process and its report in developing the
       issues and alternative options for the Core Strategy.

       Sustainability Appraisal Framework

2.10   The SA Framework’s development followed the review of other plans,
       policies and programmes, and an analysis of the social, economic and
       environmental baseline (as set out below in Section 3.0 of this document).
       This Framework contains a number of Sustainability Appraisal Objectives
       (SOAs), key questions and assessment criteria. The Framework has then been
       used to appraise the potential effects of the proposed policies of the Core
       Strategy (along ultimately with all the other Development Plan Documents
       and those Supplementary Planning Documents which are subject to SA/SEA).

2.11   The development of the SOAs was influenced by a review of plans, policies
       and programmes which took into account the analysis of baseline data and
       the identification of sustainability issues. From this a series of sustainability
       objectives were devised along with objective indicators, which aid in the
       application of the objectives and the testing of the sustainability of the LDF.
       The objectives are based on those in the East Midlands Regional Plan SA
       framework, although they have been adapted to better reflect the key
       sustainability issues most relevant to Newark and Sherwood District. This led
       to the Scoping Report identifying 14 objectives, along with the linked key
       decision–making criteria and relevant indicators. The SA objectives and
       detailed decision–making criteria are listed below in Table 2.2.




                                          21
                                    Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



Table 2.2: Sustainability Appraisal objectives and detailed decision–making
criteria
                       Decision making
     Objective                                                        Indicators
                             criteria
 1. To ensure that    Will it increase the        Affordable housing
    the housing       range and                   House prices; housing affordability
    stock meets       affordability of            Homelessness
    the housing       housing for all social      Housing completions (type and size)
    needs of the      groups?                     Housing tenure
    District          Will it reduce              LA stock declared non decent
                      homelessness?               Sheltered accommodation
                      Will it reduce the          Vacant dwellings by tenure
                      number of unfit
                      homes?
 2. To improve        Will it reduce health       Adults taking part in sport
    health and        inequalities?               Health inequalities
    reduce health     Will it improve             Life expectancy at birth
    inequalities      access to health            New/enhanced health facilities
                      services?                   People killed/seriously injured in road
                      Will it increase the        accidents
                      opportunities for           Teenage conception rates
                      recreational
                      physical activity?
 3. To provide        Will it provide new         Open spaced managed to green flag award
    better            open space?                 standard
    opportunities     Will it improve the         New and enhanced open space
    for people to     quality of existing         Satisfaction with open space
    value and         open space?                 Museums
    enjoy the         Will it help people
    District’s        to increase their
    heritage          participation in
                      cultural activities?
 4. To improve        Will it provide safer       Crimes – by category and total
    community         communities?                Fear of crime
    safety, reduce    Will it reduce crime        Noise complaints
    crime and the     and the fear of
    fear of crime     crime?
                      Will it contribute to
                      a safe secure built
                      environment?
 5. To promote        Will it improve             Community centres
    and support       access to, and              Gains/losses of community facilities
    the               resident’s                  Leisure centres
    development       satisfaction with           Libraries/mobile library stops
    and growth of     community facilities        Participation involuntary and community
    social capital    and services?               activities
    across the        Will it encourage           A place where people from different
    District          engagement in               backgrounds get on well together
                      community                   Satisfaction with leisure facilities
                      activities?


                                 22
                                 Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



                      Decision making
    Objective                                                      Indicators
                            criteria
6. To increase       Will it help protect      Local/National nature reserves
   biodiversity      and improve               Local wildlife sites (Biological SINCs)
   levels across     biodiversity and in       SSSIs
   the District      particular avoid          Status of key priority species
                     harm to protected
                     species?
                     Will it help protect
                     and improve
                     habitats?
                     Will it increase,
                     maintain and
                     enhance sites
                     designated for their
                     nature conservation
                     interest?
                     Will it maintain and
                     enhance woodland
                     cover and
                     management?
7. To protect and    Will it protect and       Ancient woodland
   enhance the       enhance existing          Conservation Areas
   rich diversity    cultural assets?          Historic Parks and Gardens
   of the natural,   Will it protect and       Listed Buildings/Buildings at risk/locally
   cultural and      enhance the               listed buildings
   built             historical and            Archaeological
   environmental     archaeological            Scheduled ancient monuments
   and               environment?              Woodland areas/new woodland
   archaeological
   assets of the
   District
8. To manage         Will it improve           Greenfield land lost
   prudently the     water quality?            Carbon dioxide emissions
   natural           Will it improve air       Contaminated land
   resources of      quality?                  Flood risk
   the District      Will it lead to           Households in Air Quality Management
   including         reduced                   Areas
   water, air        consumption of raw        Number of days moderate/high air
   quality, soils    materials?                pollution
   and minerals      Will it promote the       Employment and housing developed on
                     use of sustainable        PDL
                     design, materials         Density of dwellings
                     and construction          Developments incorporating SUDS
                     techniques?               Planning applications granted contrary to
                     Will it minimise the      advice of EA
                     loss of soils to          Biological/chemistry levels in rivers, canals
                     development?              and freshwater bodies
                     Will it maintain and      Production of primary and
                     enhance soil              secondary/recycled aggregates
                     quality?


                               23
                                    Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



                        Decision making
     Objective                                                        Indicators
                              criteria
9. To minimise         Will it reduce             Controlled waste produced
   waste and           household waste?           Capacity of new waste management
   increase the        Will it increase           facilities by alternative to landfill
   re-use and          waste recovery and         Household waste arisings composted, land
   recycling of        recycling?                 filled, recycled, used to recover energy
   waste               Will it reduce
   materials           hazardous waste?
                       Will it reduce waste
                       in the construction
                       industry?
10. To minimise        Will it improve            Energy use – renewables and petroleum
    energy usage       energy efficiency of       products
    and to develop     new buildings?             Energy use (gas/electricity) by end user
    the District's     Will it support the        Renewable energy capacity installed by
    renewable          generation and use         type
    energy             of renewable
    resource,          energy?
    reducing
    dependency on
    non-renewable
    sources
11. To make            Will it utilise and        Accessibility to education sites,
    efficient use of   enhance existing           employment sites, health care, leisure
    the existing       transport                  centres, open space, shopping centres
    transport          infrastructure?            Change in road traffic mileage
    infrastructure,    Will it help to            Development of transport infrastructure
    help reduce        develop a transport        that assists car use reduction
    the need to        network that               Levels of bus and light rail patronage
    travel by car,     minimises the              New major non-residential development
    improve            impact on the              with travel plans
    accessibility to   environment?               People using car and non-car modes of
    jobs and           Will it reduce             travel to work
    services for all   journeys                   Railway station usage
    and to ensure      undertaken by car          Road traffic levels
    that all           by encouraging
    journeys are       alternative modes
    undertaken by      of transport?
    the most
    sustainable
    mode available
12. To create high     Will it improve the        Average annual income
    quality            diversity and quality      Benefit claimants
    employment         of jobs?                   VAT business registration rate,
    opportunities      Will it reduce             registrations, deregistration
                       unemployment?              Businesses per 1000 population
                       Will it increase           Employment rate
                       average income             Jobs
                       levels?                    New floor space
                                                  Shops, vacant shops


                                  24
                                             Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



                                Decision making
             Objective                                                         Indicators
                                    criteria
                                                           Unemployment rate
        13. To develop a       Will it increase            15 year olds achieving 5 or more GCSEs at
            strong culture     levels of                   Grade A* - C
            of enterprise      qualification?              19 year olds qualified to NVQ level 2 or
            and innovation     Will it create jobs in      equivalent
                               high knowledge              21 year olds qualified to NVQ level 3 or
                               sectors?                    equivalent
                                                           Working age population qualifications
        14. To provide the     Will it provide land        Completed business development
            physical           and buildings of a          floorspace
            conditions for     type required by            Land developed for employment
            a modern           businesses?                 Employment land lost
            economic           Will it improve the         Employment land allocated
            structure,         diversity of jobs           Profile of employment by sector
            including          available?
            infrastructure
            to support the
            use of new
            technologies



       Assessing Sustainability Performance

2.12   The SA Objectives formed the basis for District Council Officers appraising the
       sustainability performance of the Core Strategy (and ultimately all LDF policy
       documents). An example of the Sustainability Appraisal Framework
       assessment is presented at Table 2.3

       Table 2.3: Sustainability Appraisal matrix

       Policy Area:
       Option
       SA Objective          Short    Long              Comments/Proposed Mitigation
                             Term     Term
       1 Housing



       Policy Area:
       Summary of
       Appraisal
       Preferred Option


2.13   The Core Strategy Issues and Options and the Preferred Options were
       appraised against the Sustainability Appraisal Objectives from the initial
       Scoping Report, following the process of updating these have seen some


                                           25
                                            Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



       amendments. The update has resulted in the Options Report being appraised
       against the new objectives derived as part of this process. However this
       difference aside, at each stage of the Core Strategy the results of the
       sustainability appraisal have all been recorded in a series of matrices, and the
       appraisals of each option/policy have all incorporated the following criteria
       and considerations:

          Impact of effect: is the effect positive or negative when viewed against
           the sustainability criteria, or has it no impact?
          Significance of effect: will the effect be marginal or strongly significant?
          Spatial extent of the effect: where will the effect be felt. For example,
           urban and/or rural; and/or beyond the District’s administrative area?
          Timing of effect: will the effect manifest itself within the short term (e.g.
           the next 10 years) or longer term? The temporary, permanent or
           reversible nature of the effect may be commented upon in the
           commentary section.
          Secondary, cumulative or synergistic effects: for example, on an
           environmental resource or a geographical area. The impact of such effects
           could be positive or negative in nature (see paragraph 5.14 for definitions
           of secondary, cumulative or synergistic effects).

2.14   The direction and severity of effects are recorded using the categories and
       symbols shown in Table 2.4. Where relevant, commentary has been provided
       against each objective.

       Table 2.4: Symbols to record performance of alternative and preferred
                  options
        Symbol Description
          +++      Strong and significant beneficial impact
          ++       Potentially significant beneficial impact
           +       Supports objective, but beneficial impact may be minor
           0       Policy has no impact or effect is neutral
           –       Conflicts with objective and may have adverse impacts
          ––       Potentially significant adverse impact
         –––       Strong and significant adverse impact
           ?       Uncertain or insufficient information on which to base the
                   assessment at this stage
          +/-      Mixed effects (e.g. both positive and negative effects)

2.15   Where relevant, commentary has been provided in respect of each objective.
       These comments have been instrumental in providing the rationale for
       appraisal recommendations.

2.16   Appraisal of the alternatives was undertaken once options had been drawn
       up and included within the Core Strategy: Issues and Options Paper,
       published October 2006. With the Preferred Options, appraisal was
       undertaken during their drafting, through the summer months of 2006;


                                          26
                                             Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



       during which time draft Preferred Options were taken to a series of Council
       Member task groups. At the Options Report stage the appraisals of the
       Options put forward occurred as an integral part of their development prior
       to and during document production throughout the summer / autumn of
       2009.

       Difficulties Encountered

2.17   Table 2.5 describes difficulties encountered during the completion of the
       Sustainability Appraisal, as required by the SEA Regulations.

       Table 2.5: Difficulties encountered
       SA stage            Difficulties
       Context,
       objectives and
       baseline
       Setting the         Review of plans and programmes: the key plans and programmes
       context,            were reviewed, but there may be other relevant documents
       establishing the    which were not included. This is particularly the case were the
       baseline and        time involved in the process is such that a number of national and
       developing the      regional strategies are adopted following completion of the
       SA objectives.      review.

                           Baseline data collection: it was not possible to collect information
                           for all of the issues covered by the sustainability appraisal
                           objectives. There are limitations on the range and type of
                           information that is available, and it is hoped that future work will
                           be able to draw upon a more comprehensive data set. There are
                           identified gaps in data for a broad range of themes, although
                           economic and demographic statistics are reasonably
                           comprehensive. There tends to be greater deficiencies relating to
                           environmental considerations. For example, there is a shortage
                           of information on the condition of priority wildlife habitats and
                           species. Other identified data deficiencies include figures for
                           those participating in leisure and sports activities.
       Issues and
       Options
       Sustainability      Ensuring that there was sufficient clarity in the definition of the
       appraisal           strategic alternatives considered to enable the appraisal to be a
       information for     meaningful process that could lead to constructive comment on
       the Core Strategy   the contribution of the alternatives to the appraisal objectives.
       Development
       Plan Document.




                                           27
                                        Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




Preferred
Options
Preparation of       None identified.
the Sustainability
Appraisal Report.

Sustainability       Lack of baseline information on some issues made it harder to
Appraisal Report     develop a potential set of indicators to monitor the impacts of
                     the Core Strategy.

                     The very iterative, and often rapid, nature of policy development,
                     with multiple revisions being made by officers to both proposed
                     options and policies, can make it difficult to appraise every draft
                     version. This was done when practical, providing meaningful SA
                     feedback at that point. Whilst sustainability considerations were
                     constantly at the forefront of policy and alternative option
                     formulation, appraisal results represented in the SA Report relate
                     to the proposals set out, respectively, in the Core Strategy Issues
                     and Options Paper and Core Strategy Preferred Options Report.

Scoping Report
Update
Updating the         Review of plans and programmes: the key plans and programmes
context,             were reviewed, but there may be other relevant documents
establishing the     which were not included as there is no definitive list of plans that
baseline and         must be reviewed.
developing the
SA objectives.       Baseline data collection: The baseline data collected and utilised
                     included local, regional and national comparators. However
                     although the baseline data obtained is more comprehensive than
                     at previous stages of the Core Strategy not all the information
                     required is currently available. Thus the data held requires
                     continual refinement and updating as work on the Sustainability
                     Appraisal of the LDF proceeds.
Options Report
Sustainability       The process of policy development being very iterative, and often
Appraisal of the     rapid, with multiple revisions being made by officers to both
Options              proposed options and policies, can make it difficult to appraise
                     every draft version. This was done when practical, providing
                     meaningful SA feedback at that point. Whilst sustainability
                     considerations were constantly at the forefront of policy and
                     alternative option formulation.

                     With the Sustainability Appraisal being undertaken by a range of
                     Officers the development of a consistent application of the
                     sustainability objectives presented itself as a particular issue. This
                     was however overcome through, when practical, a discussion and
                     comparison of appraisals between Officers.




                                     28
                                           Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




3.0   Context, objectives and baseline

      Overview

3.1   The first stage of the Sustainability Appraisal process is to consider the
      existing information about the issues, plans and policies, and priorities within
      Newark and Sherwood, and how this can be used to inform the appraisal.
      Reviewing relevant national, regional and local information identified key
      issues and objectives for the District. These findings are then incorporated
      into a Framework for sustainability appraisal. The Framework and approach
      were initially set out in the 2005 Scoping Report which was issued to the
      statutory consultation bodies and others for comment in December of that
      year. The 2005 Scoping Report was further revised in an update that was
      subject to statutory consultation in July 2009.

      Other Plans, Programmes and Policies

3.2   The Local Development Framework is one of a number of strategies that will
      influence the future direction of Newark and Sherwood. Others, such as the
      Sustainable Community Strategy at the local level, the Regional Spatial
      Strategy (Regional Plan) at the regional level and the UK Sustainable
      Development Strategy at the national level, all make direct and less indirect
      contributions to shaping future development in Newark and Sherwood.

3.3   The sustainability appraisal process highlights that it is important to recognise
      this interconnectedness and to identify other strategies and policies to which
      the appraised document could contribute. In consequence, such objectives
      should where appropriate also be reflected in the appraisal Framework. This
      will ensure that the subsequent appraisal considers the issues that are
      regarded as important in other plans or strategies. It is also important to
      identify where there may be potential conflicts.

3.4   The review looked at relevant documents from an international level down to
      a local one. Appendix C sets out the documents that have been reviewed.

      Key Environmental and Sustainability Issues

3.5   The key topics identified in the documents and the implications for the
      appraisal Framework are summarised in Table 3.1 and have been reflected in
      the Sustainability Appraisal Framework. The key messages are split into 19
      themes, these reflect information derived from the review of other relevant
      plans, policies and programmes undertaken as part of the update to the
      Scoping Report.

3.6   A more detailed assessment of these plans and programmes was presented
      in the Sustainability Appraisal Scoping Report, published in June 2009.



                                         29
                                                Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



       Table 3.1: Key messages from document review
  Key messages from review of relevant                                                   Implications for the
     plans, policies and programmes                    Source of message
                                                                                           SA Framework
Accessibility and transport
  Embed accessibility in decisions            Accessibility Planning Guidance            Requires objectives
  affecting provision, location, design and   PPS1 (and supplement to PPS1)              to enable the
  delivery of services in both urban and      PPS6                                       development of a
  rural areas                                 PPG13                                      sustainable
  Improve social inclusion by making          PPG17                                      transport
  services more accessible                    RSS8                                       infrastructure that
  Tackle crime and fear of crime on public    Making the Connections                     reduces overall
  transport                                   Sustainable Communities: People,           levels of travel and
  Improve the quality and safety of           Places and Prosperity                      ensures accessibility
  pedestrian and cycling networks             The future of transport: a network         to key services (e.g.
  Improve public transport networks           for 2030                                   health services,
  Encourage more people to walk and           UK Climate Change Programme                education,
  cycle                                       Walking and Cycling Action Plan            employment sites,
  Reduce impact of travel on the              Integrated Regional Strategy               and leisure facilities),
  environment                                 East Midlands Urban Action Plan            the provision of safe
  Maximise the use of existing roads          2005 – 2011                                walking and cycling
  infrastructure and avoid inappropriate      Regional Economic Strategy                 routes, and safe
  development                                 Regional Housing Strategy                  accessible public
  Reduce traffic and in particular journeys   Regional Spatial Strategy                  transport.
  made by car                                 Regional Transport Strategy
                                              Regional Freight Strategy
  Improve public transport
                                              East Midlands Regional Plan
  Reduce traffic noise, pollution and
                                              Newark & Sherwood Local Plan
  congestion
                                              Newark & Sherwood Green Travel
  Improve the freight network to reduce
                                              Plan
  amount of road freight
                                              North Nottinghamshire Local
  Promote sustainable transport
                                              Transport Plan
                                              North Nottinghamshire
                                              Accessibility Strategy
                                              British Waterways, River Trent
                                              Water Freight Feasibility Study,
                                              January 2009
Air quality
  Prevent and reduce the detrimental          EU Directive on ambient air quality        Requires objectives
  impact on human health, quality of life     management                                 to prevent pollution
  and the environment                         PPS23                                      and protect air
  Reduce pollution                            Nottinghamshire Air Quality                quality.
  Ensure that new development does not        Strategy
  reduce air quality                          Newark & Sherwood Air Quality
                                              Strategy
                                              North Nottinghamshire Local
                                              Transport Plan
Biodiversity and habitats
  Protect and promote biodiversity            EU Habitats Directive                      Requires objectives
  Conserve threatened species                 EU Birds Directive                         to protect, enhance



                                              30
                                                 Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




  Key messages from review of relevant                                                    Implications for the
     plans, policies and programmes                     Source of message
                                                                                            SA Framework
  Ensure that land uses (including             Biodiversity Strategy for England  and improve
  agriculture) does not threaten               Our Countryside: The future        biodiversity and
  biodiversity                                 RSS8                               habitats.
  Protect, restore and improve habitats        PPS1 (and supplement to PPS1)
  including woodland, and aquatic              PPG2
  ecosystems                                   PPG17
  Create and integrate habitats in urban       PPS9
  spaces and in the built environment          Integrated Regional Strategy
                                               Guide to Planning and Biodiversity
                                               for Nottingham and
                                               Nottinghamshire
                                               Local Biodiversity Action Plan for
                                               Nottinghamshire
                                               East Midlands Regional Plan
                                               Newark and Sherwood Local Plan
                                               Newark and Sherwood Biodiversity
                                               Implementation Plans
Business development and the economy
  Consider the location of new business        RSS8                                       Requires objectives
  with regard to accessibility and the local   Good practice guide on planning            to ensure there is
  environment                                  for tourism                                sufficient land for
  Ensure that the location of industry and     Our Countryside: The future                business
  commerce brings benefit and not harm         PPS1 (and supplement to PPS1)              development; to
  to local communities                         PPG4                                       ensure that
  Support efficient, competitive and           PPS6                                       businesses are
  innovative retail, leisure and other         Sustainable Communities: People,           located in the
  sectors                                      Places and Prosperity                      correct places and
  Regenerate deprived areas through            Integrated Regional Strategy               that local
  business development                         East Midlands Urban Action Plan            communities
  Ensure location of development makes         2005 – 2011                                (especially deprived
  efficient use of existing infrastructure     Regional Economic Strategy                 communities)
  Understand future demands for                Regional Housing Strategy                  benefit from them;
  business land                                Regional Spatial Strategy                  to ensure that
  Develop economic capacity and                East Midlands Regional Plan                businesses do not
  expertise                                    Newark & Sherwood Economic                 cause harm to the
  Increase economic diversity                  Regeneration Strategy 2008-2018            communities in
  Maximise economic benefit from               (2008)                                     which they are
  tourism                                      Newark and Sherwood Local Plan             situated; and to
  Encourage growth in high value, high                                                    encourage diversity
  growth, high knowledge economic                                                         and high value, high
                                                                                          growth, knowledge
  activities
                                                                                          intensive economic
  Ensure that economic growth goes
                                                                                          activities, including
  hand-in-hand with high quality
                                                                                          tourism.
  environment
  Develop flourishing local economies
  Understand future demands for land
  including type of land and location



                                               31
                                              Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




  Key messages from review of relevant                                                 Implications for the
     plans, policies and programmes                  Source of message
                                                                                         SA Framework
  Encourage inward investment
  Promote the vitality of town centres by
  promoting and enhancing existing
  centres
Climate change                              PPS1 (and supplement to PPS1)
   Encourage low or zero carbon             PPS22                                      Requires objectives
   communities                              UK Climate Change Programme                to reduce carbon
   Minimise the effects of climate change   Walking and Cycling Action Plan            dioxide emissions
   on human health and on the               Integrated Regional Strategy               that contribute to
   environment                              Regional Economic Strategy                 climate change; and
   Ensure that new development is able to   Regional Spatial Strategy                  to ensure that new
   cope with climate change                 Nottinghamshire Climate change             development is able
   Spatial planning should contribute to    Framework                                  to cope with the
   sustainable communities and the          Newark & Sherwood Draft Supplier           effects of climate
   reduction of carbon dioxide emissions    Sustainability Appraisal                   change.
                                            Draft Environmental Purchasing
                                            Policy
Community safety
  Reduce crime and the fear of crime        PPS1 (and supplement to PPS1)              Requires objectives
                                            Integrated Regional Strategy               to reduce crime and
                                            Regional Housing Strategy                  the fear of crime,
                                            Bassetlaw, Newark & Sherwood               and change
                                            Community Safety Partnership Plan          behaviour that is
                                            2008-2001 (2008)                           often linked with
                                                                                       crime.
Education
  Improve the quality of educational        Integrated Regional Strategy               Requires objectives
  facilities                                East Midlands Urban Action Plan            that will improve
  Improve educational attainment            2005 – 2011                                educational
                                            Regional Economic Strategy                 attainment.
                                            Newark & Sherwood Partnership
                                            Community Plan (2006-2016
                                            (2006)
                                            Newark & Sherwood Economic
                                            Regeneration Strategy 2008-2018
                                            (2008)
Employment
  Reduce worklessness                       Integrated Regional Strategy               Requires objectives
  Improve skills to help reduce             Regional Economic Strategy                 to improve
  unemployment and deprivation              Regional Spatial Strategy                  employment skills
  Ensure supply of employment land          Newark & Sherwood Economic                 and levels, and to
                                            Regeneration Strategy 2008-2018            ensure supply of
                                            (2008)                                     employment land.
Energy
  Seek secure, clean affordable energy      PPS22                                      Requires objectives
  Reduce amount of energy consumed          Integrated Regional Strategy               to improve energy



                                            32
                                               Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




  Key messages from review of relevant                                                  Implications for the
     plans, policies and programmes                   Source of message
                                                                                          SA Framework
  Generate energy at local levels            Regional Economic Strategy                 efficiency of new
  Increase energy efficiency of homes and    East Midlands Regional Plan                development and to
  businesses                                 Nottinghamshire Climate change             encourage
  Increase the amount of renewable           Framework                                  alternative ways of
  energy produced                            Newark & Sherwood Draft Supplier           generating energy.
  Invest in the energy infrastructure        Sustainability Appraisal
  Recover energy from waste                  Draft Environmental Purchasing
                                             Policy



Flood risk
   Safeguard land used to manage             RSS8                                       Requires objectives
   floodwater                                PPS6                                       to minimise flood
   Avoid inappropriate development on        PPS25                                      risk by considering
   floodplains                               Water Framework Directive                  where development
   Ensure new development does not           Newark and Sherwood Strategic              should take place,
   afford risk elsewhere                     Flood Risk Assessment (Level 1)            and by protecting
                                             Newark and Sherwood Water Cycle            floodplains.
                                             Study
Health
  Improve health and access to quality       PG17                                       Requires objectives
  health facilities                          PPS23                                      to improve health by
  More opportunities for walking and         Walking and Cycling Action Plan            providing
  cycling                                    Integrated Regional Strategy               opportunities for
  Improve access to open space and           Newark & Sherwood District                 walking, cycling,
  leisure opportunities                      Council Vision & Strategic Priorities      sport and leisure
  Understand the economic benefits of        2007-2011 (2007)                           activities.
  better health in the community             Newark & Sherwood Partnership
                                             Community Plan (2006-2016
                                             (2006)
                                             Trent Strategic Local Delivery Plan
                                             2005-2008
                                             Nottinghamshire County Teaching
                                             PCT Strategic Plan 2008-2013
Housing
  Reduce homelessness                        Barker Review                              Requires objectives
  Reduce the number of empty homes           RSS8                                       to ensure that the
  Improve affordability across the housing   PPS1 (and supplement to PPS1)              housing stock is of a
  market                                     PPS3                                       high quality and
  Increase the supply of houses              Planning for Gypsy and Traveller           meets the
  Provide a supply of high quality, well     Caravan Sites                              requirements of all
  designed, energy efficient housing         Sustainable Communities: Homes             sectors of the
  appropriate to needs of the community      for all                                    community.
  including family homes, homes to meet      UK Climate Change Programme
  the needs of the ageing population and     Integrated Regional Strategy
  social housing                             Regional Housing Strategy
  New homes to be energy efficient, zero     East Midlands Regional Plan



                                             33
                                                  Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




  Key messages from review of relevant                                                     Implications for the
     plans, policies and programmes                      Source of message
                                                                                             SA Framework
  carbon by 2016 and able to cope with          Sherwood Forest Housing Market
  the effects of climate change                 Area Housing Strategy 2008-2018
  Provide adequate amount of land for           Newark & Sherwood Local Plan
  gypsies and travellers
Land use
  Increased density of housing                  PPS1                                       Requires objectives
  Maximise the use of brownfield land for       PPS6                                       to ensure that best
  housing, business and commercial              East Midlands Urban Action Plan            use of land is made
  development                                   2005 – 2011                                prioritising the re-
  Prioritise the re-use of existing buildings   Regional Economic Strategy                 use of land and
  Promote good design                           East Midlands Regional Plan                buildings, and
                                                Newark & Sherwood Local Plan               housing
                                                                                           development at
                                                                                           higher densities.
Landscape
  Conserve and enhance the rural and            PPG2                                       Requires objectives
  built landscape                               PPG15                                      to protect and
  Open up access to the countryside             PPG16                                      enhance the natural
  Provide opportunities to value our            Integrated Regional Strategy               and built
  heritage                                      East Midlands Regional Plan                environment; and to
  Bring improvements to the physical            Newark & Sherwood Local Plan               encourage people to
  environment through quality design                                                       enjoy their local
  Protect historic buildings, Conservation                                                 heritage.
  Areas and the historic environment in
  general
  Protect our archaeological and
  geological heritage
  Mitigation against harm to the
  landscape
Resources
  Promote development that minimises            UK Sustainable Development                 Requires objectives
  the use of resources                          Strategy                                   to promote
  Prevent soil loss                             Integrated Regional Strategy               development that
                                                Nottinghamshire Minerals Local             minimises the use of
                                                Plan December 2005                         resources.
Rural
  Prevent decline in some rural                 The Rural White Paper                      Requires objectives
  communities                                   PPG2                                       to ensure
  Promote rural renewal                         PPG17                                      sustainable
  Development of dynamic, competitive           Our Countryside: The future                communities in the
  and sustainable economies in the              Sustainable Communities: Homes             countryside.
  countryside                                   For All
                                                Sustainable Communities: People,
                                                Places and Prosperity
Sustainable communities
  Promote social cohesion and inclusion in Diversity and Equality in Planning              Requires objectives



                                                34
                                               Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




  Key messages from review of relevant                                                  Implications for the
     plans, policies and programmes                   Source of message
                                                                                          SA Framework
  both urban and rural communities           good practice guide                   to create attractive,
  Support vulnerable groups                  The Urban White Paper                 safe, sustainable
  Reduce deprivation, focusing on most       PPS1 (and supplement to PPS1)         communities.
  deprived areas                             PPS6
  Tackle poverty in urban and rural areas    PPG17
  Increase social interaction                Planning for Gypsy and Traveller
  Improve social development of children     Caravan Sites
  Improve quality of life                    Sustainable Communities: Homes
  Create clean, attractive, quality, safe    for all
  urban spaces                               Sustainable Communities: People,
  Access to quality health, education,       Places and Prosperity
  housing, transport, shopping and leisure   UK Sustainable Development
  services                                   Strategy
  Ensure equality of opportunity in          Walking and Cycling Action Plan
  housing, employment and access to          Integrated Regional Strategy
  services                                   Regional Economic Strategy
                                             Regional Housing Strategy
  Recognise that different people have
                                             East Midlands Regional Plan
  different needs
                                             Sherwood Forest Housing Market
                                             Area Housing Strategy 2008-2018
                                             Newark & Sherwood District
                                             Council Vision & Strategic Priorities
                                             2007-2011 (2007)
                                             Newark & Sherwood Partnership
                                             Community Plan (2006-2016)
Waste
 Reduce amount of municipal and              EU Waste Framework Directive               Requires objectives
 commercial waste produced                   RSS8                                       to reduce or re-use
 Recycle, compost or re-use waste            PPS10                                      waste, and to
 Minimise harm to the environment and        UK Waste Strategy                          prevent harm to
 human health from waste treatment           Regional Waste Strategy                    human health and
 and handling                                Integrated Regional Strategy               the environment
 Disposal of waste to be considered the      East Midlands Regional Plan                from waste.
 last option                                 Nottinghamshire and Nottingham
                                             Waste Local Plan
Water
 Improve water efficiency                    EU Water Framework Directive               Requires objectives
 Reduce amount of water used by              UK Water Strategy                          to improve water
 domestic properties                         Water Framework Directive                  efficiency, protect
 Lessen effects of flood and drought         Biodiversity Strategy for England          water systems, and
 Reduce water pollution                      PPS 25 Development and Flood               to lessen the effects
 Enhance and protect aquatic water           Risk                                       of flood and
 systems                                     Newark and Sherwood Strategic              drought.
 Promote the use of SUDS where               Flood Risk Assessment (Level 1)
 appropriate                                 Newark and Sherwood Water Cycle
                                             Study




                                             35
                                                  Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



3.7      These key issues and topics were then supplemented with an analysis of the
         social, economic and environmental baseline information collated during the
         course of the update of the scoping stage of the sustainability appraisal.

3.8      The analysis of programmes, plans and policies, together with that of the
         baseline situation, have led to the identification of a number of key issues for
         consideration in the SA Framework. These are outlined in Table 3.2 below,
         along with the potential influence of the Core Strategy on such issues and,
         also the likely evolution of issues in the absence of the Core Strategy. Table
         3.2 also explores how the Core Strategy might address identified issues,
         including mitigating measures. This identification of outcomes in the absence
         of policy involvement is in order to assist in identifying where and in what
         form the Core Strategy should deal with key issues, and ultimately to justify
         Core Strategy intervention.

3.9      As with the review of programmes, plans and policies, a more detailed
         assessment of baseline information was presented in the Sustainability
         Appraisal Scoping Report, updated July 2009.

Table 3.2: Summary of Key Environmental and Sustainability Issues

                                       Potential influence of the
                                                                         Possible role of the Core Strategy
                                              Core Strategy
             Key issue
                                        Likely evolution of issue
                                       without the Core Strategy
Social
There is a lack of Affordable         Major                             The LDF can attempt to ensure that
Housing within the District.                                            the right quantity of housing is
                                      Continuation of current           brought forward at the right time.
Affordability rates in the District   trend                             It can also set out clear policies to
(the ratio between household                                            help deliver affordable housing
income and average cost of            New requirement in PPS3           through both the LDF process and
housing) are some of the worst in     enables affordable housing        through the planning application
Nottinghamshire as a whole.           to be secured on smaller          process. However a poor /weak
                                      sites (i.e. 15 units or more)     housing market may well limit the
                                      might help. However, the          numbers of affordable units being
                                      economic downturn may             delivered as planning gain in the
                                      lead to projected levels of       short to medium term.
                                      affordable not being
                                      delivered due to market
                                      housing schemes being
                                      unviable and not coming
                                      forward.


Population growth.                    Major                             The impact of the forecasted
                                                                        population growth could be
                                      Continuation of current           significant. The LDF can attempt to



                                               36
                                                  Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




                                       Potential influence of the
                                                                         Possible role of the Core Strategy
                                              Core Strategy
             Key issue
                                        Likely evolution of issue
                                       without the Core Strategy
                                      trend, although other             ensure that the right quantity of
                                      strategies and initiatives        housing is brought forward at the
                                      may well impact on this           right time. However, the economic
                                      trend.                            downturn may require intervention
                                                                        to help encourage/facilitate house
                                                                        building possibly by assisting in the
                                                                        provision of necessary physical and
                                                                        social infrastructure.
There are concentrations of           Moderate/Major                    New employment land provision,
deprivation in some parts of the                                        housing and associated community
District.                             Continuation of current           facilities could help reduce
                                      trend, although other             deprivation within the most
                                      strategies and initiatives        disadvantaged part of the District.
                                      may well impact on this
                                      trend.                            Within Sherwood Forest, further
                                                                        promotion of tourist opportunities
                                                                        could help to reverse the economic
                                                                        and environmental decline
                                                                        associated, partly, with the decline
                                                                        of the mining industry.
Serving a more elderly            Minor/Moderate                        The LDF can attempt ensure that an
population- the District has a                                          appropriate range of homes, jobs
relatively high age profile, with Continuation of current               and community facilities (and
higher than average               trend.                                supporting infrastructure) are
representation of people aged 45                                        made planned for available to
and over.                                                               adequately serve and ageing
                                                                        population.
As the average age continues to
increase this will have potentially
significant implications for social
care provision in the future.
Lack of key services (including       Moderate                          Policies can be inxcluded within the
grocery provision) in rural                                             LDF which safeguard existing
settlements within the District.      Continuation of current           facilities. Policies that promote the
                                      trend.                            development of new shops, post
There are a number of small                                             offices and rural banks in village
villages within the District                                            locations may be appropriate.
without grocery provision, a Post
Office or other banking facilities,                                     New developments can also be
doctor’s surgeries etc... Public                                        located where existing facilities are
transport provision is patchy at                                        already located, in order to
best.                                                                   contribute to their long-term
                                                                        viability.




                                               37
                                                Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




Economic
There is a need to diversify the  Moderate                            Employment site could be
employment base of the District.                                      protected for continuing
                                  Whilst the economic                 employment uses. New
The District continues to be      markets are probably the            employment sites, including scope
heavily reliant on three          strongest driving force,            for office development, could be
employment sectors:               without positive policies           bought forward where there is
         Manufacturing            and proposals in the LDF            demand.
         Distribution, hotels and there is likely to be a
         restaurants              continuation of this trend.         The District Council’s Newark and
         Transport and                                                Sherwood Employment Land Study
         communications                                               (2004) in particular recommends a
There is a recognised need to                                         strategy of maximising the
diversify the employment base,                                        potential of office plots and
particularly into areas which are                                     business parks in and around
under-represented, such as                                            Newark. Competitively priced
business activity, information                                        office development is seen as
technology, public administration                                     providing a strong pull for
health and education.                                                 investors.

‘High value’ knowledge based
industries and business are
identified as deficient in the
District.
Impacts of the continued             Minor/Moderate                   LDF policies to assist rural and farm
contraction and rationalization                                       diversification to strengthen the
of the agricultural sector.          Continuation of current          rural economy by both providing
                                     trend.                           alternatives to agriculture in the
Although a small sector overall in                                    rural context, and also by better
Newark and Sherwood’s                                                 enabling farmers to remain in
economy, it is nevertheless                                           business by allowing them to
important to the rural economy                                        generate other sources of incomes
and has a significant role in the                                     through diversification activities.
management of landscape and
biodiversity.


Need to enhance tourism              Moderate                         The LDF could allocate sites for new
potential.                                                            tourist facilities and also put in
                                     Continuation of current          place policies that facilitate the
Tourism already plays a              trend.                           development of new facilities.
significant role in the economy of                                    However, there is significant
the District. It has been identified                                  potential for conflict between
that such benefits could be                                           developing new facilities and their
enhanced further with, in                                             environmental impact. As an
particular, the development of                                        extreme, in attempting to further
overnight stay potential and a                                        tap into this tourism potential, it
greater realization of economic                                       could undermine the very ‘product’
benefits from the attraction of                                       being offered in the District.



                                              38
                                                 Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




Sherwood Forest. The                                                   Support of the Sherwood Forest
establishment of a Sherwood                                            Regional Park could help promote a
Forest Regional Park could help                                        valuable tourism asset which could
capitalise on this valuable local                                      at the same time deliver
cultural and economic asset.                                           regeneration and environment
                                                                       benefits to the District.
Environmental
Large areas of the District are       Moderate/Major                   The LDF can ensure that areas of
subject to flood risk.                                                 flood risk are not developed in the
                                      Continuation of the current      future. In addition, policies on
This is primarily in the Trent        trend, although the extent       Sustainable Drainage Systems and
Valley where Newark and a large       to which new development         rainwater harvesting could help
number of the District’s villages     is at risk is reduced by         reduce runoff into the District’s
are located.                          national planning guidance       watercourses to reduce the risk of
                                      elevating the issue of flood     flooding. The promotion of flood
                                      risk through the planning        storage area, balancing ponds etc.
                                      application development          related to new development could
                                      control process.                 also be promoted.
The District has significant   Major                                   Listed Buildings, Conservation
cultural assets that could be                                          Areas and Scheduled Ancient
threatened by developments and Continuation of trend.                  Monuments and their immediate
land allocations.                                                      surroundings can all be protected
                                                                       through the LDF, or more
As identified in the baseline                                          specifically the policies set out in
assessment, the District has a                                         the Development Control Policies
large number of listed buildings                                       Development Plan Document.
and conservation areas. In
particular, there is potential                                         In addition, further policies relating
conflict between the presence of                                       to the economic re-use of rural
significant historical assets in                                       buildings not listed or within
central Newark and the fact that                                       conservation areas could be
it is also the focus for commercial                                    included within the LDF.
and leisure development (see the
review of other plans and
programs).
The District has important            Minor/moderate                  The scope and influence of the LDF
biodiversity, nature conservation                                     is restricted to controlling
and landscape assets which            Continuation of current         development requiring planning
could be threatened by                trend, although other           permission, on and around
development and other human           strategies and initiatives (for protected sites. Changes to both
activity.                             example, local Biodiversity landscapes and natural habitats
                                      Action Plans) will also have arising from changing agricultural
Here are significant areas of both a critical influence on future or management practices cannot
statutory and non-statutory           patterns.                       be addressed through the LDF.
nature conservation sites across
the District. Whilst the state of                                     Countryside Character Assessment
statutory protected sites is                                          will be a key mechanism for the
relatively good (78.6% of the                                         LDF in landscape protection. In this
District’s SSSIs are classified as in                                 respect, the appropriateness of


                                               39
                                                  Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




favourable or recovering state),                                        local landscape designations will
marked improvements are                                                 need to be reviewed.
needed to reach Government
targets (95% of SSSIs into
favourable condition alone by
2010).
Action to reduce Newark and            Moderate                     Energy reduction could be
Sherwood’s contribution to                                          delivered through minimising the
climate change.                        Continuation of current      need to travel and locating new
                                       trend, although other        development in existing areas well
                                       strategies and initiatives   served by public transport and
                                       also have a strong influence close to local services and facilities.
                                       on patterns.                 New developments could also be
                                                                    encouraged to provide on-site
                                                                    renewable energy and embrace
                                                                    energy efficiency measures.

                                                                        Areas of the District have been
                                                                        shown to have potential to
                                                                        accommodate renewable energy
                                                                        schemes (principally wind energy)
                                                                        to help achieve renewable energy
                                                                        targets set out in the East Midlands
                                                                        Regional Plan.
Spatial
Utilising vacant previously            Major                        The LDF will need to put in place
developed sites.                                                    policies and proposals that
                                       The extent of such sites is, appropriately reuse vacant
                                       to an extent, likely to      previously developed land.
                                       diminish irrespective of the However, there will be other
                                       new LDF because              factors to take into consideration in
                                       Government planning policy deciding a site’s suitability for
                                       guidance already promotes redevelopment; the existence of
                                       reuse of previously          previously developed land is not a
                                       developed land ahead of      reason alone to allow
                                       Greenfield sites.            development.
The District has a higher than         Moderate                         The LDF can promote
average car usage and lower                                             developments in locations well
than average public transport          Continuation of current          served by public transport, thereby
usage.                                 trends.                          placing less emphasis on the need
                                                                        to travel by car. This will mean that
This situation is part reflective of                                    the main urban areas will continue
the more rural nature of the                                            to be the focus for any new growth.
District, with public transport                                         It will need to be assessed to what
services naturally being more                                           extent more abundant train
numerous in and between the                                             services on the east side of the
main urban areas.                                                       District (including stations in some
                                                                        villages) should affect development
                                                                        patterns.


                                                40
                                                 Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




                                                                       Implementing the essential land-
                                                                       use elements of strategies to
                                                                       reduce car use is critical in assisting
                                                                       in the reduction of road usage (or
                                                                       at least, restraining growth) and
                                                                       limiting vehicle emissions.
Only 14.6% of waste is recycled      Minor                          Policies could be set out within the
or composted (2002/2003)                                            LDF to encourage the provision of
figures) – therefore a significant   Situation is likely to improve on-sites facilities for recycling (for
proportion of waste is still         because of separate waste glass bottles, cans paper etc) on all
landfilled.                          management initiatives to      new major development schemes.
                                     increase the level of
Significant improvements have        recycling.                     Policies can also be included in the
recently been made for recycling                                    LDF to promote the positive reuse
domestic waste (with the                                            of existing buildings rather than
introduction of a twin –bin                                         demolition and rebuild.
recycling scheme).
However, the District does not
perform as well as the best
performing districts nationally.




                                              41
                                                        Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



       Internal Compatibility of Sustainability Objectives

3.10   The internal compatibility of the SA objectives, which have been revised since
       the Scoping Report stage, are tested here for potential conflict (see Table
       3.3). Government guidance6 suggests the usefulness of such testing is to
       identify where there may be tensions between objectives that cannot be
       resolved. Compatibility assessment provides clarification of conflict so that
       subsequent decisions are well based, and mitigation can be considered.


       Table 3.3: Internal compatibility of revised Sustainability Objectives
         1
         2      
         3      – –                                                                                   Key
         4       –                                                                            Compatible
         5                                                                            Potentially incompatible
         6      – –  – –                                                        –           No link/insignificant
         7       –  –                                                        ?           Uncertain/unknown
         8         –   
         9         –    
         10      –  – – –   
         11     –     –   – 
         12     –  – – – – – – –  –                                             
         13     – – – – – – – – –                                               –       
         14     – – – – – –                                                  –              
                1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10                                            11      12      13      14
       1. To ensure that the housing stock meets the housing needs of the district.
       2. To improve health and reduce health inequalities.
       3. To provide better opportunities for people to value and enjoy the district’s heritage and participate
           in cultural and recreational activities.
       4. To improve community safety, reduce crime and the fear of crime.
       5. To promote and support the development and growth of social capital across the district.
       6. To increase biodiversity levels across the district.
       7. To protect and enhance the rich diversity of the natural, cultural and built environmental and
           archaeological assets of the region.
       8. To manage prudently the natural resources of the district including water, air quality, soil and
           minerals.
       9. To minimise waste and increase the re-use and recycling of waste materials.
       10. To minimise energy usage and to develop the district’s renewable energy resource, reducing
           dependency on non-renewable resources.
       11. To make efficient use of the existing transport infrastructure, help reduce the need to travel by car,
           improve accessibility to jobs and services for all and to ensure that all journeys are undertaken by
           the most sustainable mode available.
       12. To create high quality employment opportunities.
       13. To develop a strong culture of enterprise and innovation.
       14. To provide the physical conditions for a modern economic structure, including infrastructure to
           support the use of new technologies




6. Sustainability Appraisal of Regional Spatial Strategies and Local Development Documents,
ODPM, November 2005


                                                     42
                                            Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



3.11   As Table 3.3 indicates, most of the sustainability objectives selected are
       internally compatible or have no significant impact on each other. However,
       a small number, mostly associated with the development of new industrial or
       residential areas, have clear potential for conflict with objectives that seek to
       protect or enhance biodiversity and natural resources, minimise waste and
       energy usage and reduce dependency on non-renewable energy resources.
       These are issues that must be addressed when appraising specific policies
       and/or proposals. Mitigation measures may have to be proposed to minimise
       or offset potential conflicts; there will be situations where measured
       compromises must be made.

3.12   The tensions between certain objectives will become increasingly apparent as
       the components of the Newark and Sherwood Local Development Framework
       are prepared, and further consideration is given to the specific locations for
       new development.




                                          43
                                          Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




      4.0    Core Strategy Options

      Introduction

4.1   The development of the various elements of the Core Strategy has evolved
      over the past three years since the publication of the Core Strategy Preferred
      Options Report in October 2006. In that time the Council has carried out
      additional consultation on a range of ‘Key Decisions’ we identified as
      important to preparing our Core Strategy and we engaged a critical friend to
      help ensure our work was in line with the spatial planning system. Also in
      March 2009 the East Midlands Regional Plan was published, finalising the
      strategic planning context for the District.

4.2   In formulating the Core Strategy Options Report (2009) the Council has
      developed a range of potential alternative options for each issue. The Council
      has generally identified one of these alternatives as a ‘Preferred Option’ for
      each issue; this has been the result of consideration of the results of the
      sustainability appraisal and the compatibility with the overall emerging
      strategy.

      Core Strategy Spatial Vision

4.3   The development of the Core Strategy’s Vision has been closely aligned to the
      development of the District’s Community Plan and its Vision. Consultation on
      a draft Community Plan (now known as the Sustainable Community Strategy),
      and with it the proposed Vision, was coordinated to coincide with
      consultation on the earlier Core Strategy Issues and Options Paper. The
      intention was that there should be a shared Vision between the two
      documents in order to better link and integrate the two complementary
      processes. However it became clear that once the Preferred Options
      consultation had been undertaken that our vision had to be significantly
      strengthened to be fit for purpose in planning terms.

4.4   Using the Sustainable Community Strategy Vision as a basis, the Council
      developed a broader Vision which outlined in more detail the seven priorities
      and how they interacted with the process of spatial planning. As with the
      alternative options put forward at this stage, the vision, too, was assessed
      using the Sustainability Appraisal (SA) Framework.

4.5   Given its broad and visionary nature the Vision scored well in respect of most
      Sustainability Appraisal Objectives (SAOs). There was nothing in the Vision
      that was inherently likely to conflict with any objective.




                                        44
                                          Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




      Core Strategy Strategic and Area Objectives

4.6   More detailed Strategic Objectives have been formed in order to guide
      preparation of the Core Strategy and to outline how the Vision will be
      delivered, taking strong account, amongst other matters, of the sustainability
      issues identified at the scoping stage. Given their strategic and spatial
      importance it is important that these objectives accord with the principles of
      sustainable development.

4.7   The relationship between the SAOs and the Core Strategy’s spatial objectives
      put forward at the Options stage is set out in Table 4.1; the former are used
      to test the latter. This assessment highlighted the areas where the objectives
      support each other, where they could be complementary and areas where
      they may conflict, depending, in certain cases, on the way in which a policy is
      implemented.




                                        45
                                                                                                                                                                                           Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



       Table 4.1: Appraisal of Core Strategy Strategic Objectives




                                         1 Housing

                                                     2 Health and health inequalities

                                                                                        3 Access to Culture and Recreation

                                                                                                                             4 Community Safety/Crime

                                                                                                                                                        5 Develop Social Capital

                                                                                                                                                                                   6 Biodiversity
                                                                                                                                                                                   assets
                                                                                                                                                                                   7 Natural, built, cultural, archaeological

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    8 Natural Resources

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            9 Waste and Recycling

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10 Energy

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                11 Transport

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               12 Employment

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               13 Enterprise and Innovation

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              14 Infrastructure for employment
         Sustainability
          Objectives
                Strategic Objectives




        1                                +           +                                  +                                    +                          +                          +                          +                     +                       +                       +           +              +               +                              +
        2                                +           +                                  +                                    +                          +                          +                          +                     +                       +                       +           +              +               +                              +
        3                                +           +                                  +                                    +                          +                          +                          +                     +                       +                       +           +              +               +                              +
        4                                -           +                                  0                                    +                          +                          -                          -                     -                       +                       -           +              +               +                              +
        5                                +           +                                  +                                    ?                          ?                          -                          -                     -                       -                       0           +              +               +                              +
        6                                +           +                                  +                                    +                          +                          -                          -                     -                       +                       +           +              +               +                              +
        7                                +           +                                  0                                    +                          0                          -                          -                     -                       0                       0           +              -               -                              -
        8                                0           +                                  +                                    0                          +                          0                          0                     +                       0                       +           +              +               +                              +
        9                                0           0                                  +                                    0                          +                          +                          +                     +                       +                       +           0              0               0                              0
        10                               +           0                                  0                                    0                          0                          +                          +                     0                       0                       0           0              -               -                              -
        11                               -           +                                  0                                    0                          0                          +                          +                     +                       +                       +           +              +               +                              +
        12                               0           0                                  +                                    +                          +                          0                          +                     0                       0                       0           +              +               +                              +
        13                               +           +                                  0                                    +                          +                          0                          0                     0                       0                       0           0              +               +                              +
        14                               +           +                                  +                                    +                          +                          +                          +                     +                       +                       +           +              +               +                              +

        +                              Positive Compatible                                                                                                                                                                      0                         Neutral
        –                              Possible conflict                                                                                                                                                                        ?                         Uncertain/unknown

Core Strategy Strategic Objectives                                                                                                                                                                                                  Sustainability Appraisal Objectives (SAO)
1. To manage growth and change to ensure that sustainable                                                                                                                                                                           1. To ensure that the housing stock meets the housing
   development is achieved and promoted and the quality of life for                                                                                                                                                                      needs of the district.
   all improved..                                                                                                                                                                                                                   2. To improve health and reduce health inequalities.
2. To establish an appropriate spatial strategy that will guide the                                                                                                                                                                 3. To provide better opportunities for people to value
   scale, location and form of new development across the District,                                                                                                                                                                     and enjoy the district’s heritage and participate in
   providing a long term basis for the planning of Newark and                                                                                                                                                                           cultural and recreational activities.
   Sherwood.                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4. To improve community safety, reduce crime and the
3. To ensure and sustain a network of sustainable communities                                                                                                                                                                           fear of crime.
   which offer a sense of place that are safe, balanced, socially                                                                                                                                                                   5. To promote and support the development and growth
   inclusive and can respond to the needs of local people.                                                                                                                                                                              of social capital across the district.
4. To develop a strong, sustainable economy that will provide a                                                                                                                                                                     6. To increase biodiversity levels across the district.
   diverse range of employment opportunities for local people by:                                                                                                                                                                   7. To protect and enhance the rich diversity of the
          providing a range of well located sites and premises for                                                                                                                                                                      natural, cultural and built environmental and
          employment development, including provision for small and                                                                                                                                                                     archaeological assets of the region.
          medium sized firms. supporting the retention of existing jobs                                                                                                                                                             8. To manage prudently the natural resources of the
          and the development of local businesses.                                                                                                                                                                                      district including water, air quality, soil and minerals.
          protecting additional growth and diversification of the District’s                                                                                                                                                        9. To minimise waste and increase the re-use and
          economy, linked to a desire to raise local aspirations and an                                                                                                                                                                 recycling of waste materials.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10. To minimise energy usage and to develop the
          ambition to secure new service-sector and higher skill level jobs



                                                                                                                                                                                   46
                                                                  Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



            and “knowledge-rich” business, that will increase the scope for         district’s renewable energy resource, reducing
            good jobs and incomes available.                                        dependency on non-renewable resources.
            actively attracting regional, national and international            11. To make efficient use of the existing transport
            companies to the District.                                              infrastructure, help reduce the need to travel by car,
            developing an improved education base with enhanced learning            improve accessibility to jobs and services for all and
            and training opportunities for local people, that will enable the       to ensure that all journeys are undertaken by the
                                                                                    most sustainable mode available.
            attainment of higher educational standards/qualifications and
                                                                                12. To create high quality employment opportunities.
            skill levels.
                                                                                13. To develop a strong culture of enterprise and
            stimulating tourism.                                                    innovation.
5. To manage the release of land for new housing, employment and                14. To provide the physical conditions for a modern
    other necessary development to meet the needs of the District to                economic structure, including infrastructure to
    2026, in general conformity with the East Midlands Regional Plan                support the use of new technologies.
    and integrated with the provision of new supporting infrastructure.
    To support and encourage economic growth, a diverse economy
    and job creation in the District.
6. To reinforce and promote Newark’s role as an important Sub-
    Regional Centre, by ensuring that the town is the main focus for
    new housing, employment, and other appropriate development
    within the District. Such development will be coordinated to
    ensure sustainable development.
7. To ensure that new, well-designed residential development helps
    to satisfy the housing needs of the District, providing a mix of
    types, sizes and tenures, including:
            affordable and social housing
            local needs housing
            special needs housing
            that will support the development of balanced
            communities.
8. To retain and improve accessibility for all, to employment,
    services, community, leisure and cultural activities, through:
            the integration of development and transport provision,
            ensuring that most new development will be located where
            it is accessible to use elements and facilities by a range of
            means of transport;
            the retention and upgrading of existing infrastructure,
            services and facilities relating to transport and
            communications;
            encouraging the increased use of public transport, walking
            and cycling.
9. To protect and enhance the built and national environment,
    heritage and biodiversity, giving additional protection to those
    areas and buildings of recognised importance.
10. To secure high quality design in new buildings and development
    form that will provide a built and natural environment reflecting
    local distinctiveness.
11. To produce a District that is environmentally sensitive where
    opportunities are taken to reduce our impact on the climate
    system, including the reduction of CO² emissions and
    encouraging the use of appropriate renewable energy solutions,
    and to adapt to the implications of climate change.
12. To maintain and enhance the vitality and viability of the District's
    town centres.
13. To support the education sector and opportunities for training,
    including higher and further educational organisations, to
    encourage the attainment of higher educational and skill levels.
14. To engage in collaborative working with partner organisations
    and agencies to secure a better quality of life.




                                                               47
                                                                                                                                                                                             Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




Table 4.2: Appraisal of Core Strategy Area Objectives



                               1 Housing

                                           2 Health and health inequalities

                                                                              3 Access to Culture and Recreation

                                                                                                                   4 Community Safety/Crime

                                                                                                                                              5 Develop Social Capital

                                                                                                                                                                         6 Biodiversity
                                                                                                                                                                         assets
                                                                                                                                                                         7 Natural, built, cultural, archaeological

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      8 Natural Resources

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            9 Waste and Recycling

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10 Energy

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                11 Transport

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               12 Employment

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               13 Enterprise and Innovation

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              14 Infrastructure for employment
      Sustainability
       Objectives
             Area Objectives




  NA O1                        +           +                                  +                                    +                          +                          -                          -                 -                     0                       0           +              +               +                              +
  NA O2                        0           0                                  +                                    +                          +                          +                          +                 +                     0                       0           +              +               +                              +
  NA O3                        0           +                                  +                                    0                          +                          0                          0                 ?                     0                       +           +              0               0                              0
  ShA O1                       +           +                                  +                                    +                          +                          +                          +                 +                     0                       0           +              +               +                              +
  ShA O2                       0           +                                  0                                    +                          +                          0                          0                 0                     0                       +           +              +               +                              +
  ShA O3                       0           0                                  +/-                                  0                          0                          +                          +                 +                     0                       0           0              0               0                              0
  MFA                          +           +                                  +                                    +                          +                          +                          +                 +                     0                       0           +              +               +                              +
  O1
  MFA                          +           +                                  0                                    0                          +                          0                          0                 +                     0                       +           +              +               +                              +
  O2
  SoA O1                       0           +                                  +                                    0                          +                          +                          +                 0                     0                       0           +              +               +                              +
  SoA O2                       +           0                                  0                                    0                          +                          0                          -                 0                     0                       0           0              +               +                              +
  NFA O1                       -           0                                  0                                    0                          0                          +                          +                 +                     0                       0           +              0               0                              0

  +                            Positive Compatible                                                                                                                                                                         0                 Neutral
  –                            Possible conflict                                                                                                                                                                           ?                 Uncertain/unknown

  Core Strategy Area Objectives                                                                                                                                                                                                       Sustainability Appraisal Objectives (SAO)
  NA O1 - To manage growth around Newark Urban Area (Newark,                                                                                                                                                                          1. To ensure that the housing stock meets the housing
  Balderton and Fernwood) and ensure that housing and                                                                                                                                                                                      needs of the district.
  employment growth are developed alongside appropriate                                                                                                                                                                               2. To improve health and reduce health inequalities.
  infrastructure and facilities.                                                                                                                                                                                                      3. To provide better opportunities for people to value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          and enjoy the district’s heritage and participate in
  NA O2 - To promote, protect and enhance the character and                                                                                                                                                                               cultural and recreational activities.
  qualities of Newark Town Centre as a place for retail, business,                                                                                                                                                                    4. To improve community safety, reduce crime and the
  administration, entertainment and tourism.                                                                                                                                                                                              fear of crime.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      5. To promote and support the development and growth
  NA O3 - To promote local services in remote rural areas and                                                                                                                                                                             of social capital across the district.
  secure public transport linkages to Newark Urban Area,                                                                                                                                                                              6. To increase biodiversity levels across the district.
  Collingham and Sutton-on-Trent.                                                                                                                                                                                                     7. To protect and enhance the rich diversity of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          natural, cultural and built environmental and
  ShA O1 -To encourage the regeneration and redevelopment of                                                                                                                                                                              archaeological assets of the region.
  the former mining communities of the area by fully exploiting the                                                                                                                                                                   8. To manage prudently the natural resources of the
  opportunities presented by Sherwood Forest Regional Park, the                                                                                                                                                                           district including water, air quality, soil and minerals.
  Sherwood Growth Zone and the skills and knowledge of the                                                                                                                                                                            9. To minimise waste and increase the re-use and
  residents of the area.                                                                                                                                                                                                                  recycling of waste materials.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      10. To minimise energy usage and to develop the
  ShA O2- To strengthen the role of Ollerton Town Centre as a                                                                                                                                                                             district’s renewable energy resource, reducing
  retail and employment centre for both Ollerton and Boughton and                                                                                                                                                                         dependency on non-renewable resources.



                                                                                                                                                                                   48
                                                           Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



  the wider Sherwood Area.                                             11. To make efficient use of the existing transport
                                                                           infrastructure, help reduce the need to travel by car,
  ShA O3 - To protect and enhance the Birklands & Bilhaugh                 improve accessibility to jobs and services for all and
  Special Area of Conservation.                                            to ensure that all journeys are undertaken by the
                                                                           most sustainable mode available.
  MFA O1 To encourage the regeneration and redevelopment of            12. To create high quality employment opportunities.
  the former mining communities of the area by fully exploiting the    13. To develop a strong culture of enterprise and
  opportunities presented by Sherwood Forest Regional Park, the            innovation.
  Sherwood Growth Zone and the skills and knowledge of the             14. To provide the physical conditions for a modern
  residents of the area.                                                   economic structure, including infrastructure to
                                                                           support the use of new technologies.
  MFA O2 - To encourage sustainable housing and economic
  growth in the settlements on the Mansfield Fringe to compliment
  Mansfield’s role as a Sub-Regional Centre, support the Sherwood
  Growth Zone and to increase the self-sufficiency of the Mansfield
  Fringe Settlements.

  SoA O1 - To protect the unique historic character of Southwell
  whilst promoting the town’s role as a Service Centre for the wider
  area and as a centre for tourism.

  SoA O2 - To support the sustainable development of the
  Nottingham Trent University Brackenhurst Campus, both as a
  place of learning and as a potential driver of the economic growth
  in the District.

  NFA O1 - To protect the Greenbelt from inappropriate
  development, facilitate development to meet local needs without
  promoting levels of development which would result in an
  increase in commuting to the Nottingham Principal Urban Area.


4.8      None of the Core Strategy objectives are inherently incompatible with the
         delivery of sustainable development. However, in certain circumstances,
         there are tensions between the objectives.

4.9      The appraisal of their compatibility suggests that the accommodation of new
         housing and employment in Newark and Sherwood may give rise to particular
         issues, with potential adverse effects for a number of the sustainability
         objectives. The Core Strategy and associated policies will have an important
         role to play in directing development to appropriate locations (for example,
         avoiding areas at risk from flooding) and, in due course, ensuring that the
         design of new development does not adversely impact upon landscape and
         townscape character.

4.10     None of the Area Objectives are inherently incompatible with the delivery of
         Sustainable Development. However, in relation to the Nottingham Fringe
         Objective the potential adverse effects of restricting development of new
         housing and employment through Greenbelt policy should be addressed
         through the Core Strategy. As with the Strategic Objectives, it is important to
         ensure that development in and around Newark Urban Area as defined in
         Newark Area Objective 1, and the potentially adverse impacts on the natural
         environment should be addressed by the Core Strategy and associated
         policies.

4.11     An explanation of the potential conflicts between the Core Strategy
         Objectives, Area Objectives and the Sustainability Appraisal Objectives (SAO)
         is provided at Appendix C.




                                                        49
                                           Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




       Alternative Options

4.12   This section defines the alternative options that have been identified for
       consideration as part of the Core Strategy Options Report (October 2009).
       The options represented different forms of spatial development that could,
       potentially, be included within the Core Strategy. The options evolved during
       the plan preparation process and analysis of the evidence base. Officers
       were mindful of:
        The sustainability issues identified in the Scoping Report.
        The guidance in Planning Policy Statement 12: Local Development
         Frameworks, and associated good practice guidance – which provides a
         steer on the topics to be covered in a Core Strategy.
        The emerging Core Strategy Vision, Strategic Objectives and the Area
         Objectives.
        The comments and concerns raised as a result of previous rounds of
         consultation.
        The objectives and requirements of other plans, programmes and
         strategies.

4.13   The main strategic issues and topics identified were:
        Strategy for locating development – Spatial Strategy
        Managing the impacts of growth
        Serving the range of housing needs
        Encouraging economic growth and prosperity
        Protecting and enhancing the environment
        Addressing the needs of particular areas of the District
        Developing Strategic Sites.

4.14   Within this framework, Officers have identified a series of alternative options
       for delivering the emerging Strategic Vision, Spatial Objectives and Area
       Objectives. This process was iterative, with certain individual options being
       modified or rejected during development, or the decision being taken that
       alternative options could not legitimately be put forward for consideration in
       respect of a particular issue because higher-level strategic policy had been
       identified to give little scope for manoeuvre: allowing, broadly, only one
       course of action to be realistically followed.

4.15   Drawing on key environmental and sustainability issues and national, regional
       plan policy requirements identified through the SA scoping process, a
       summary of how key issues surrounding the definition of options evolved is
       set out here.




                                         50
                                            Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




       Spatial Strategy

4.16   The District Council has developed two key policy approaches for determining
       the strategy for locating development through its Spatial Strategy. These are
       options for a Settlement Hierarchy and for a range of Growth Scenarios.

4.17   Options for a sustainable settlement hierarchy have been proposed as the
       organising basis for development and service provision within the District.
       Such a hierarchy will allow the Council to plan positively for future
       development within the District. It is proposed that any hierarchy would
       attempt to define which settlements are central to the delivery of the
       Council’s Spatial Strategy. In developing the options the Council has taken
       into account the requirements of the national and regional policy and the
       results of previous consultation exercises. In this instance the Regional Plan is
       of particular relevance as it:

             Identifies Newark Urban Area (including Newark, Balderton and
              Fernwood) as the District's only Sub-Regional Centre. This definition
              applies to settlements which have been identified “for their ability to
              perform a complementary role to the Principal Urban Areas and have
              been selected on the basis of their size, the range of services they
              provide, and their potential to accommodate further growth (Policy 3
              Distribution of new development).
             Requires that Local Development Frameworks will identify and justify
              levels of development for those other urban areas identified below [in
              Newark and Sherwood, this is Ollerton & Boughton and Rainworth],
              which are suitable for development due to urban capacity, sub-area
              regeneration needs or the need to support the present role of the
              settlement in servicing the surrounding area. The scale of
              development will be related to the existing level of infrastructure, the
              range of community facilities and job opportunities, availability of
              public transport, and existing character of the settlement (Policy
              Northern SRS 1Sub Regional Development Priorities).
             Seeks to ensure that LDFs identify development needs of other
              settlements and rural areas (Policy 3 Distribution of new
              development).

4.18   These policies are in line with the higher level guidance contained within the
       various PPS’s in particular the following messages that:

        most new development should be directed to existing towns and cities, to
         help maximise accessibility to employment and services by walking, cycling
         and public transport (e.g. PPG13 para. 6, PPS3 para.36, PPS 7 para. 1(iii)).
        in rural areas, development should be focused on settlements that can act
         as service centres for surrounding areas (e.g. PPS7 para.3, PPG13 para.6 ).
        in the case of housing, only a limited amount of growth should be expected
         through the expansion of villages, with significant development being


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                                            Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



         appropriate only where: (a) it can be shown to be necessary for
         maintaining local services; (b) the houses are required to meet local needs;
         and (c) it will be in keeping with the character of the village (PPS3 Para 38).

4.19   The District Council formulated two approaches to developing the hierarchy
       however given these national and strategic policy conditions, there is no
       question that Newark Urban Area has to be placed alone at the top of the
       hierarchy; there is no scope for alternatives here. However, where there was
       considered to be scope for alternatives, which were: (1) whether there
       should be a split in the group of settlements below Newark, with the largest
       towns and villages grouped separately; and (2) which settlements to put
       within either of the two options.

4.20   The first option proposes that three broad groups of settlements should be
       identified:

             Settlements which are central to delivering the Spatial Strategy i.e.
              Newark Urban Area, and the other larger towns and villages
             Villages with Facilities
             Villages with limited or no facilities

       Within the first broad group beyond Newark a number of ‘Service Centres’
       have been identified as settlements which have a range of local facilities
       including a secondary school, good public transport, and local employment
       and act either as a focus for service provision for a rural hinterland or for a
       large local population. Below that are ‘Principal Village’ Villages which have a
       good range of facilities - primary school, food store, health facilities,
       employment or access to nearby employment.

4.21   The second option groups the settlements below Newark as;
            Rural Centres - this effectively does not distinguish between Service
              Centre size settlements and those the size of Principal Villages.
            Villages – these are those settlements which are of a size which would
              presently see them identified in the Local Plan as Large Villages.
            Settlement - these are those settlements which are of a size which
              would presently see them identified in the Local Plan as Small Villages.
            Green Belt Settlements – small villages in the Green Belt.


4.22   The various growth scenarios which the Council prepared were the result of a
       long process of assessment and evaluation between Officers and Members
       on the range of options which the Council could reasonably take. Each
       scenario had to set out a reasonable spatial approach to the distribution of
       new housing, employment development and the services and facilities
       required to support it, taking into account that the Regional Plan specified
       that Newark should be looking to accommodate 500 dwellings a year for the
       plan period.


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4.23    The Council has identified that four potential scenarios exist; three of these
        base their allocation of growth on proportioning development out in line with
        a settlements place in the Settlement Hierarchy, the other option points
        development towards settlement which has a social and economic need for
        regeneration. The four options are;

                  Dispersal – Development would be spread across the District
                   reflecting the size of the settlement of which 50% would be in
                   Newark, with the other 50% in the Service Centres, Principal
                   Villages, Secondary Villages and the other Villages and Hamlets in
                   the District.
                  Regeneration – Development targeted to areas and communities in
                   need of social, economic, physical and social regeneration. 55% of
                   new housing would be in Newark and the remaining 45% being
                   distributed amongst Blidworth, Bilsthorpe, Clipstone, Ollerton and
                   Boughton and Rainworth.
                  Focussed Growth – Development targeted to the Sub-Regional
                   Centre, Service Centres, and Principal Village with around 60% of
                   new housing in Newark with the remainder being distributed
                   amongst the Service Centres and Principal Villages.
                  Urban Concentration – Concentrates growth in the District’s main
                   urban areas, 70% of new housing would be in Newark and the
                   remaining 30% in Ollerton & Boughton, Southwell, Rainworth and
                   Clipstone and limited growth in the Principal Villages.

4.24    The consequences of these policy options were further investigated in
        options for rural development and the Green Belt.

Table 4.3 Spatial Strategy Options
Settlement Hierarchy
Spatial Policy 1 Role of Settlements in       Spatial Policy 2 Settlement Hierarchy
Newark and Sherwood (2 alternative            (2 alternative options)
options)
Growth Scenarios
Spatial Policy 3
Growth Scenario 1 Dispersal                   Growth Scenario 3 Focused Growth
Growth Scenario 2 Regeneration                Growth Scenario 4 Urban Concentration
Rural Areas
Spatial Policy 4 (3 alternative options)
Green Belt
Spatial Policy 5A Extent of the Green Belt    Spatial Policy 5B Green Belt Villages
(2 alternative options)                       (3 alternative options)




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        Managing the impacts of growth

4.25    PPS12 makes clear that LDFs should explain how the infrastructure which
        supports new development will be delivered. The previous rounds of public
        consultation have indicated that the public’s major concern with new housing
        development is that it will not be accompanied with the necessary supporting
        infrastructure. In order to appropriately support this growth the Council
        considered a range of methods for securing delivery of infrastructure, taking
        into account the results of an Infrastructure Delivery Plan which indentified
        existing infrastructure and what new infrastructure would be required.

4.26    Firstly, as much of the growth is accommodated under all growth scenarios in
        Newark Urban Area, the Council has investigated the potential for locating
        this growth and has identified that ‘strategic sites’ around the town are
        effectively the only way to deliver this. The key concern is to ensure that the
        Council can properly plan for such strategic sites and the impact they would
        have on the existing infrastructure and what new infrastructure would be
        required. The Council has considered whether to allocate sites in the Core
        Strategy or wait for later in the LDF process.

4.27    In terms of infrastructure, the Council has considered how best to secure
        funding from new development, looking at the potential of a strategic
        infrastructure tariff or whether existing approaches to Section 106 legal
        agreements are still appropriate. Also issues surrounding the protection of
        existing community and leisure facilities and allocating new sites for new
        development and transport schemes have been proposed.


Table 4.4 Impacts of Growth Options
Strategic Sites
Spatial Policy 6 Delivering Strategic Sites
(3 alternative options)
Infrastructure
Spatial Policy 7 Infrastructure for Growth     Spatial Policy 9 – Protecting Leisure and
(2 alternative options)                        Community Facilities (1 option)
Spatial Policy 8 Safeguarding Land for New     Spatial Policy 10 Selecting Appropriate Sites
Transport Schemes (1 option)                   for Allocation (1 option)

        Serving the range of housing needs

4.28    In respect of affordable housing needs, the issue was not whether affordable
        provision should be made, but how it should be made. Survey work
        conducted for the District Council had illustrated a high need for affordable
        housing across the District. This survey work was conducted as part of the
        Newark and Sherwood Housing Needs Market and Affordability Study in
        2009.




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4.29    The Council’s existing Local Plan requires that a proportion of affordable
        housing (currently 30%) is provided on large housing schemes (those of 25
        proposed houses or more, or on sites of 1 hectare or more). However, the
        District Council identified that this had rather limited the supply of affordable
        housing, particularly in rural areas where opportunities for sites of this size
        are limited and, therefore, in order to secure more affordable housing have
        been applying a lower threshold of 10 proposed houses or more on proposed
        sites in Newark Urban Area and 5 or more dwellings in the rest of the District.

4.30    The Council has set out options which consider to what extent District-wide
        or localised policies should be adopted for the percentage of affordable
        housing, the qualifying thresholds for delivery of such development and the
        location of ‘exceptions’ affordable housing sites. It also considers to what
        extent different types of affordable housing should be secured. In this
        particular instance the Council believes that it is limited in the approach it
        should take by the evidence of the Study which suggests that 60% of new
        affordable housing should be Social Rented and 40% Intermediate housing.

4.31    The Council has also considered the need to ensure new housing is of a high
        standard and reflects the housing need of the District. Evidence from the
        Study suggests that there is a particular need for family homes, smaller
        homes and homes for the elderly population. The Council has set out a range
        of options to achieve this objective.

4.32    The other major area of housing need in the District is that of Gypsies and
        Travellers. The East Midland Regional Plan has identified that 84 pitches
        should be allocated in the District. In this respect the Council has considered
        two realistic options for distributing pitches, one which will see pitches
        focused in Newark and Ollerton & Boughton (where existing Gypsies and
        Traveller communities are focused) the other looks at distributing pitches to
        all the larger settlements across the District.


Table 4.5 Homes for All Options
Affordable Housing
Core Policy 1A Affordable Housing Provision:    Core Policy 1C Affordable Housing:
Percentage of Affordable Housing Required       Qualifying Thresholds (3 alternative options)
(2 alternative options)                         Core Policy 2 Affordable Housing Exceptions
Core Policy 1 B Affordable Housing Provision:   Sites (2 alternative options)
Tenure & Type Mix (1 option)
New Housing Development
Core Policy 3A New Housing Development (2       Core Policy 3B New Housing Development:
alternative options)                            Type (2 alternative options)
Gypsies, Travellers and Travelling
Showpeople
Core Policy 4 Gypsies, Travellers and           Core Policy 5 Criteria for Selection of
Travelling Showpeople New Pitch Provision       Gypsies, Travellers and Travelling
(2 alternative options)                         Showpeople Sites (1 option)



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       Encouraging economic growth and prosperity

4.33   The key issues for the District Council in terms of encouraging growth and
       prosperity need to take into account the following:

              The need for economic growth to support the increase in population
               and new homes, and seeking to ensure that new growth keeps people
               in the District and reduces out commuting.
              The need to address the findings of the Northern Sub-Region
               Employment Land Review which indicates that between 30 and 50
               hectares of net employment land is required.
              The challenges identified in the Council’s own Economic Development
               Strategy which include diversifying the economic base, encouraging
               the establishment of higher level skills and knowledge based jobs and
               stimulating tourist sector.

4.34   In formulating alternative options the key defining issue that emerged is to
       what extent should the Council consider prioritising particular types of
       employment – given the present economic circumstance to what extent
       should the authority be discouraging economic growth of any type. The
       options proposed attempt to steer development to the more sustainable
       settlements as set out in the Settlement Hierarchy at 4.21 above. To what
       extent the Council accommodates the requirements of the Employment Land
       Review is dependent on which growth scenario is identified as a preferred
       option and how the strategic sites are progressed in the upcoming Draft Core
       Strategy.


4.35   Tourism is already a significant contributor to the local economy and an area
       where the District Council has identified further expansion as desirable for
       economic development aims. However, there is concern that opportunities
       to promote rural tourism to assist this aim are being limited by existing Local
       Plan policy which restricts rural development, particularly given the rural
       nature of its most significant tourism attraction: Sherwood Forest. This is
       however balanced by the need to be compatible with environmental
       constraints and government guidance. It was consequently considered
       appropriate to construct and then test alternative options to determine
       whether an area based or topic based approach to tourism policies should be
       developed.

Table 4.6 Economic Growth Options
Economic Growth                             Tourism
Core Policy 6 Economic Growth and           Core Policy 7 Tourism (3 alternative options)
Prosperity (2 alternative options)




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        Protecting and enhancing the environment

4.36    A series of options were considered in relation to the District’s built, historic
        and natural environments. However, it was considered that in many
        circumstances the scope for alternative options did not exist, because of the
        prescription of national or regional planning policy. On this basis only 1
        option was taken forward for appraisal and consultation in the following
        areas: Flood Risk; Biodiversity Geological Conservation and Green
        Infrastructure; and the historic environment.

4.37    In terms of policies relating to encouraging sustainable energy the Council is
        keen to see new development meet high environmental standards. There are
        a wealth of different schemes, policy approaches and proposals which the
        Council has considered in terms of trying to meet this goal. In general terms
        the Council has identified the Code for Sustainable Homes and the Building
        Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method (BREEM)
        approach as the most appropriate way to achieve this in concert with the
        Nottinghamshire Sustainable Energy Planning Partnerships work on a county
        wide evidence base. The alternative options turn on the degree to which this
        can this be delivered.

4.38    Presently, the Council has general policies which protect the countryside
        from inappropriate development and a number of Mature Landscape Areas
        (MLA) which define areas where the least landscape change has occurred.
        PPS 7 requires Councils to move from local landscape designations to a
        comprehensive assessment of Landscape Character. This approach has the
        benefit of assessing the whole of an area's landscape rather than focusing on
        particular locations. In Nottinghamshire, the County Council has developed a
        Landscape Character Assessment process. The alternative options consider
        whether the District Council will be using this approach to comprehensively
        assess Newark and Sherwood District's area.

Table 4.7 Protecting and Enhancing the Environment Options
Climate Change                                Managing Flood Risk
Core Policy 8 Sustainable Energy (2           Core Policy 9 Managing Flood Risk (1 option)
alternative options
Natural and Built Environment
Core Policy 10 Biodiversity, Geological       Core Policy 11 Landscape Character
Conservation and Green Infrastructure         (2 alternative options)
(1 option)                                    Core Policy 12 Historic Environment
                                              (1 option)




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       Addressing the needs of particular areas of the District.

4.39   A range of policy options have been developed to address the needs of
       particular areas of the District. These alternative options focus on:
              Supporting the role of a particular settlement or groups of
               settlements i.e. Newark Town Centre, Southwell, Ollerton and the
               Mansfield Fringe.
              Supporting the development of a particular locally important facility
               or attraction i.e. Sherwood Forest, Brackenhurst Campus of
               Nottingham Trent University or Newark Sports Hub.

Table 4.8 Options for Addressing the needs of particular areas of the District.
Newark Area
NAP1 Newark Town Centre                      NAP3 Newark Sports Facilities (1 option)
(3 alternative options)                      NAP4 Rural Accessibility in the Newark Area
                                             (2 alternative options)
Southwell Area
SoAp1 Role and Setting of Southwell          SoAp 2 Brackenhurst Campus- Nottingham
(2 alternative options)                      Trent University (1 option)
Sherwood Area
ShAP1 Sherwood Forest (1 option)             ShAP 2 Ollerton Town Centre (1 option)
Mansfield Fringe Area
MFAP 1 Mansfield Fringe (1option)

       Developing Strategic Sites

4.40   As discussed at 4.26 the Council has considered the need to allocate Strategic
       Sites in the Core Strategy. In looking at this we have had to consider the
       potential sites around Newark Urban Area which could be identified as
       Strategic Sites. The Council has identified 3 sites which could fulfil this role:

              Land South of Newark
              Land East of Newark
              Land Around Fernwood

       In identifying these sites the Sustainability Appraisal will help to assess
       whether these sites are suitable.

Table 4.9 Newark Strategic Sites Options
NAP2A Location of Strategic Sites Land   NAP2C Location of Strategic Sites Land
South of Newark (1 option)               around Fernwood (1 option)
NAP2B Location of Strategic Sites Land
East of Newark (1 option)




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       Comparison of Sustainability effects of Options

4.41   In accordance with practice guidance, the Sustainability Appraisal only seeks,
       in the main, to identify and document the main differences between the
       alternative options. The appraisal process was comparative, enabling the
       relative advantages and disadvantages of each option to be assessed.

4.42   The main social, environmental and economic effects of each Option are
       summarised at Appendix D. These appraisals were used to help the Council
       choose which options would form the District Council’s Preferred Options,
       either unaltered or in a modified form.




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5.0   Core Strategy identifying Preferred Options

      Introduction

5.1   The Council has identified preferred options taking into account the findings of the
      Sustainability Appraisal of the alternative options (See Appendix D). Preferred Options
      were selected for all options where alternatives existed, apart from the 4 Growth
      Scenarios. The Council believes that each growth scenario should be given equal weight
      in the public consultation on the Core Strategy Options Report.

5.2   The Council’s Spatial Vision, Spatial Objectives and Area Objectives were found to be
      consistent, in broad terms, with the sustainability Appraisal Framework. Therefore they
      were identified as the Council’s preferred approach.

      Appraisal of Preferred Options (policies)

5.3   The appraisal presented at Appendix D identifies the significant effects of each Preferred
      Option, and where appropriate, highlights any cumulative, short-term and long-term
      effects.

5.4   In summary, the likely significant effects will include:

       the majority of development directed to Newark Urban Area and, below this,
        identified larger centres.
       Improved infrastructure provision
       Strategic sites developed around Newark Urban Area, accommodating housing,
        employment and social provision
       the delivery of more housing to meet local needs, including affordable housing and
        Gypsy and Traveller accommodation
       business growth in the district.
       conservation of natural resources, including biodiversity and local habitats.
       improved access to community facilities and services.
       creation of environments that are more conducive to use of public transport, and
        cycling and walking.
       the appropriate consideration of climate change issues in planning and delivering new
        developments.

5.5   Table 5.1 highlights some of the most significant issues and effects that have been
      identified through the Sustainability Appraisal. Recommendations are also made, where
      appropriate, on how mitigation measures should be implemented. These
      recommendations will be used to inform preparation of the District Council’s submission
      Core Strategy, when the preferred options will be worked up into policies for inclusion in
      the Core Strategy.

5.6   There will undoubtedly be environmental impacts associated with the provision of the
      required housing, employment land and associated infrastructure to meet the needs of
      the Newark and Sherwood District to 2026. There will be particular pressures on the loss


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       of greenfield land, landscape character and habitats. Key challenges may also arise
       when trying to provide development that is in keeping with the distinctive nature of
       some settlements, but also incorporates sustainable construction and design measures.
       It is key that the Core Strategy policies, and, in turn, the policies of subordinate
       Development Plan Documents, address the issue of sustainable construction as
       stringently as possible.

5.7    In broad terms however, key findings lead to the conclusion that Core Strategy policies
       do, as a whole, perform well against the sustainable development objectives through
       policies that direct development to the most sustainable locations, whilst at the same
       time attempting to appropriately balance the needs of urban and rural communities.

5.8    Where potential significant adverse impacts have been clearly identified is in respect of
       proposals for strategic sites and to safeguard land for road schemes. However, given the
       nature of such development, it is unlikely that negative impacts on the environment
       could be totally avoided. As part of the Strategic Sites proposals there are, however, a
       number of mitigating measures including the provision of significant new green
       infrastructure (e.g. country parks, open space), requiring the development to be built to
       the highest sustainable standards and the requirement to avoid the most
       environmentally sensitive areas when undertaking built development.

5.9    There are inherent adverse impacts identified related to road schemes. It is recognised
       that traffic reduction in the communities affected may be deemed significant enough by
       the District Council to warrant their inclusion in the Core Strategy. Mitigation measures
       would obviously be required in respect each individual scheme.

5.10   Adverse impacts are also indentified with regard to the Rural Areas Preferred Option as
       this limits development within the rural areas and therefore does not meet the objective
       of providing for the housing and employment needs of the District. However, this must
       be looked at against the need to provide for more sustainable development options and
       the ability to fulfil the needs of the District in the larger more sustainable settlements.




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Table 5.1: Key findings of the Sustainability Appraisal of Preferred Options (policies)
                    Summaries                  Key findings of the sustainability appraisal

                                                                        Spatial Policies
Spatial Policy 1:   Appraisal outcome:         Through identifying settlements which have a range of services ensures that the best use of existing facilities and
Role of                                        the most efficient provision of new facilities can be achieved. Also The identification of settlements which have
Settlements in                                 services that need to be sustained will allow the Council to plan appropriately whilst not allowing development in
Newark and                                     unsustainable locations. The policy option either supports or has a neutral impact on a number of social, economic
Sherwood                                       and environmental sustainability appraisal objectives
                    Mitigation proposals:      There is a potential for adverse impact on the historic environment in and around Newark and Southwell, there will
Spatial Policy 2:                              be implications from particular development schemes that will need to be mitigated against. Will be important to
Newark &                                       ensure that the sites identified are not subject to flooding or that it is able for this to be mitigated.
Sherwood's          Secondary, cumulative or   This policy approach underpins the Core Strategy and will significantly affect the form of development across the
Settlement          synergistic effects:       District. It supports those objectives that seek to minimise environmental impacts associated with any level of new
Hierarchy                                      development and best mitigate against the worst effects.
Spatial Policy 3:   Appraisal outcome:         The policy option disperses growth across many settlements, with limited growth directed at Newark, thereby
Growth Scenario 1                              restricting the town’s potential to develop and drive wider regeneration, with its attendant benefits. Would not
Dispersal                                      provide new housing, including affordable housing in most sustainable locations, and could promote travel and
                                               travel patterns, involving the private car. Would generate excessive infrastructure costs arising from dispersed
                                               development form, and make least contribution to addressing causes of climate change. Thus the option
                                               undermines a number of the sustainability appraisal objectives particularly in terms of health and health
                                               inequalities, natural resources, waste and recycling and transport.
                    Mitigation proposals:      The full effect of the option on biodiversity depends on the specific locations identified for development.
                    Secondary, cumulative or   This policy approach underpins the Core Strategy and will significantly affect the form of development across the
                    synergistic effects:       District.
Spatial Policy 3:   Appraisal outcome:         The policy option would deliver growth to a limited number and location of settlements that occupy sustainable
Growth Scenario 2                              locations, and would address their regeneration needs. This will restrict development outside of these areas, and
Regeneration                                   while safeguarding character, may prevent improvement opportunities arising from growth. Growth at Newark will
                                               be beneficial but limited extent will restrict towns potential to maximise benefits, ensure the delivery of necessary
                                               housing, and succeed in its role as a Sub-Regional Centre ensuring wider regeneration. The option supports a
                                               number of social, economic and environmental sustainability appraisal objectives.
                    Mitigation proposals:      The full effects of the option on biodiversity and natural, built, cultural and archaeological assets depends on the
                                               specific locations identified for development. However it is recognised that concentrating development in a
                                               restricted number of developments may put pressure on greenfield land and the settlement’s associated natural
                                               environments and other assets. In terms of impacts on natural resources the resultant scale of development could
                                               lead to schemes securing water efficiency, improved flood defence measures and improved air quality. However
                                               there should be scope for brownfield opportunities given the locations identified.




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                                                                                                                 Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF
                    Secondary, cumulative or   This policy approach underpins the Core Strategy and will significantly affect the form of development across the
                    synergistic effects:       District.
Spatial Policy 3:   Appraisal outcome:         The policy option distributes development to a wide range of settlements, including Newark, which will bring
Growth Scenario 3                              benefits but not locate this growth in the most sustainable locations. Major growth at Newark will help the town to
Focussed Growth                                develop sustainability, achieve an improved economy and address housing need, but potential will not be fully
                                               exploited. Smaller settlements may require infrastructure improvements and their dispersal location and number
                                               may promote the need to travel, and use of car. The option does however support a range of social, economic and
                                               environmental sustainability objectives.
                    Mitigation proposals:      The full effect of the option on the biodiversity objective is dependent upon the specific locations identified for
                                               development. The option could also place pressure for development of greenfield sites, especially in and around
                                               Newark. The resultant scale of development could however lead to schemes that lead to water efficiency, improved
                                               flood defence measures and improved air quality by providing new development in a form that enables travel by
                                               means other than the private car, and generally reduces the need to travel.
                    Secondary, cumulative or   This policy approach underpins the Core Strategy and will significantly affect the form of development across the
                    synergistic effects:       District.
Spatial Policy 3:   Appraisal outcome:         The policy option concentrates growth in the most sustainable and accessible locations, and supports development
Growth Scenario 4                              of sustainable communities. Will help Newark and its town centre achieve a new critical mass, enabling the town to
Urban                                          thrive economically and in other respects, and provide the scale and type of new housing to address need, including
Concentration                                  affordable housing. Town can fulfil its role as a Key Sub-Regional Centre and drive regeneration for the benefit of
                                               the town, wider District and area. This development form will help to reduce the need to travel, and encourage
                                               fullest use of public transport and non-car modes, helping to address the causes of climate change. Provides for
                                               most efficient use of existing and new infrastructure to accompany growth. This results in the policy option strongly
                                               supporting a wide range of the sustainability appraisal objectives.
                    Mitigation proposals:      The full effects of option on the biodiversity objective are dependent on the specific locations identified for
                                               development. This concentration option is likely to result in greatest opportunities for planned green infrastructure
                                               enhancements to include biodiversity gains, especially in the Newark area. In terms of the natural, built, cultural,
                                               archaeological assets objective the affects of this option will again be dependent on the sites identified for
                                               development. However it is recognised that concentrating development in a restricted number of developments
                                               may put pressure on their associated natural environments and other assets. The effects of the option on the
                                               natural resources objective are also dependent upon the sites identified for development. By promoting
                                               development in a limited number of settlements could place pressure for development of greenfield sites, especially
                                               in and around Newark. However the resultant scale of development could lead to schemes that secure water
                                               efficiency and improved flood defence measures. Air quality would be best improved by providing new
                                               development in a form that enables travel by means other than the private car, and generally reduces the need to
                                               travel.
                    Secondary, cumulative or   This policy approach underpins the Core Strategy and will significantly affect the form of development across the
                    synergistic effects:       whole of the District. It strongly supports those objectives that seek to minimise the environmental impacts
                                               associated with any level of new development and best mitigates against the worst effects. In addition the option
                                               also strongly supports social and economic objectives.


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                                                                                                                    Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF

Spatial Policy 4:    Appraisal outcome:         The policy option allows for some small scale development and growth, but would be restrictive on smaller rural
Rural Areas                                     communities; it would however still allow for a certain level of organic growth. The option finds the right balance
                                                allowing for development that supports communities. In doing so the option supports a number of the social,
                                                economic and environmental sustainability objectives.
                     Mitigation proposals:      Over time if less housing is provided to meet rural need then more needs will arise that cannot be met. This could
                                                be mitigated by addressing need in nearby more sustainable settlements. Some restraint on growth could protect
                                                rural areas biodiversity, there may however be limited opportunity to improve biodiversity if no development is to
                                                take place, the option does however encourages biodiversity and woodland replanting. The option could result in
                                                more energy use in remote locations this could be mitigated by requiring renewable energy generation on site. The
                                                option could restrict some employment opportunities, however this may be mitigated by the fact that such
                                                opportunities are more likely to be present in larger centres.
                     Secondary, cumulative or   The policy approach is significant in defining how the District’s rural areas are accommodated within the Core
                     synergistic effects:       Strategy and will thus significantly affect the form of development taking place in such areas.
Spatial Policy 5A:   Appraisal outcome:         This Option will allocations to be made in the most appropriate location in the larger Green Belt to accommodate
Extent of the                                   potential local housing need.
Green Belt           Mitigation proposals:      The option could restrict communities from developing housing, restricting the opportunity for provision of
                                                community facilities through development, however local facilities can still be independently developed in Green
                                                Belt communities. The effects of the option on biodiversity, natural, built, cultural, archaeological assets and natural
                                                resources would be dependent upon on the particular land areas identified for exclusion from the Green Belt. The
                                                option could encourage more car use in Green Belts larger settlements; however this may be offset by focussing
                                                development in settlements with frequent public transport.
                     Secondary, cumulative or   The policy approach is significant in how the District’s Green Belt area is accommodated within the Core Strategy
                     synergistic effects:       and will significantly affect the form of development taking place in the District’s Green Belt settlements.
Spatial Policy 5B:   Appraisal outcome:         The Option overall has mainly a slightly positive or neutral impact on the majority of the sustainability indicators. It
Green Belt                                      is acknowledged that the Option will have impacts in the smaller settlements where infill development will no
Villages                                        longer be allowed, however it will be important to make clear that development of appropriate community facilities
                                                will still be allowed. Also any identified local housing need will need to be accommodate elsewhere in nearby larger
                                                settlements. The restrictive nature of Greenbelt designation would continue for the rest of the area as at present.
                     Mitigation proposals:      The option will end the ability for new dwellings to be built in the smaller Green Belt. In order to mitigate this
                                                impact identified local housing need in these settlements should be addressed in the larger greenbelt settlements.
                                                Though the option could restrict communities from developing housing, restricting the opportunity for provision of
                                                community facilities through development, however local facilities can still be independently developed in Green
                                                Belt communities.
                     Secondary, cumulative or   The policy approach is significant in how the District’s Green Belt area is accommodated within the Core Strategy
                     synergistic effects:       and will significantly affect the form of development taking place in the District’s Green Belt settlements.




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                                                                                                                      Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF

Spatial Policy 6:    Appraisal outcome:         The allocation of strategic sites as a sustainable urban extension provides a scale and critical mass that enables a
Delivering                                      sustainable neighbourhood to be built including the creation of local facilities centred around new primary schools,
Strategic Sites                                 retail community and employment need. The use of alternative energy sources, drainage, sustainable solutions and
                                                modern methods of construction are realistic considerations for developments of this size and nature. The option
                                                provides the opportunity to create sustainable urban settlements with a high quality design and sense of place that
                                                builds a local identity at the same time as provides growth for Newark, which in turn supports retail, leisure and
                                                cultural facilities in the town centre.
                     Mitigation proposals:      The options impact on biodiversity, natural, built, cultural, archaeological assets and natural resource objectives
                                                could be detrimental especially where strategic sites are Greenfield locations.
                     Secondary, cumulative or   The policy approach will strongly influence the location of a significant proportion of new housing development,
                     synergistic effects:       impacting on the form of development across the whole District.
Spatial Policy 7:    Appraisal outcome:         Having a developer contributions policy and developer contributions SPD would appear to have a positive impact on
Infrastructure for                              many of sustainability criteria. For example providing new and enhanced facilities which would help improve the
Growth                                          viability and sustainability of urban and rural communities, requiring measures that protect and enhance the built
                                                and natural environment.
                     Mitigation proposals:      No significant issues identified.
                     Secondary, cumulative or   Policy provision for the necessary infrastructure to support growth will enable adverse development impacts to be
                     synergistic effects:       mitigated and for sustainable communities to be developed.
Spatial Policy 8:    Appraisal outcome:         The appraisal has indicated that this approach would have positive effects on a number of the appraisal objectives
Protection of                                   in particular the social indicators relating to health, access to facilities and social capital. It could also have positive
Leisure and                                     impacts on transport and employment indicators as it could help provide employment for local people and help
Community                                       reduce the need to travel.
Facilities           Mitigation proposals:      No significant issues identified
                     Secondary, cumulative or   Policy provision for leisure and community facilities supports the creation of sustainable communities.
                     synergistic effects:
Spatial Policy 9:    Appraisal outcome:         This option has mixed impacts on the Sustainability Appraisal indictors, the positive elements are that it could help
Safeguarding Land                               open up land for various development including housing, employment and community facilities. It could also help
for New Transport                               improve the appearance and quality of life of settlements due to the loss of vehicles from settlements for which
Schemes                                         schemes are proposed. Potential negative impacts relate to the natural environment especially in relation to
                                                possible impacts on landscape, wildlife habitats and the loss of open land which could be affected or lost by building
                                                new transport infrastructure. To mitigate these issues the policy will have to be supported by other protection
                                                policies in the Core Strategy/LDF, to minimise significant adverse impacts if the road proposal is progressed. Any
                                                detailed scheme will also likely to be subject to environmental impact assessment.




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                                                                                                                   Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF

                     Mitigation proposals:      Road development could have significant consequences due to the loss of landscape and wildlife habitats and upon
                                                natural features especially in areas around protected routes. However, it could help improve the appearance of
                                                settlements due to the loss of vehicles from settlements for which schemes are proposed. Such schemes would
                                                result in the loss of greenfield land a point potentially mitigated through the reduction in levels of air pollution
                                                especially in settlements for which schemes are proposed. In terms of natural resource sustainability appraisal
                                                objectives the option is likely to increase traffic generation overall.
                     Secondary, cumulative or   Conflicts with a number of SA objectives are identified. However those relating to housing, employment growth and
                     synergistic effects:       infrastructure perform positively, however significant impacts on the natural environment are also evident within
                                                the appraisal.
Spatial Policy 10:   Appraisal outcome:         This option ensures that allocations meet appropriate locational and sustainability principles and thus strongly
Selecting                                       supports a number of the sustainability appraisal objectives particularly those relating to employment and transport
Appropriate Sites                               provision.
for Allocation       Mitigation proposals:      None suggested
                     Secondary, cumulative or   Through ensuring appropriate sites are selected for allocation support is given to those objectives that seek to
                     synergistic effects:       minimise the environmental impacts associated with any level of new development and best mitigates against the
                                                worst effects. In addition the option also strongly supports social and economic objectives.
                                                                          Core Policies
Core Policy 1A:      Appraisal outcome:         This option allows the District Council to deliver Affordable Housing across the District. Allowing for local and site
Affordable                                      circumstance to be taken on board and is strongly in support of in particular the social sustainability appraisal
Housing Provision                               objectives.
Percentage           Mitigation proposals:      None suggested
                     Secondary, cumulative or   Allowing for the maximum level of affordable housing provision across the District is identified as having the
                     synergistic effects:       significant impact on reducing social exclusion and supporting the social sustainability indicators.
Core Policy 1B:      Appraisal outcome:         The option allows the Council to deliver a good mix of tenure and type of affordable housing that significantly
Affordable                                      supports a number of the social sustainability indicators.
housing Tenure       Mitigation proposals:      None suggested.
                     Secondary, cumulative or   By securing a tenure mix that reflects local housing need the option is identified as having the potential for a
                     synergistic effects:       significant impact on reducing social exclusion and supporting social sustainability indicators.
Core Policy 1C:      Appraisal outcome:         This option will secure new affordable homes across the District though this would lead to more sites in Newark
Affordable                                      missing out than in the rest of the District. Apart from that relating directly to housing the Option has a neutral
Housing                                         impact across all of the sustainability indicators.
Qualifying           Mitigation proposals:      None suggested.
Thresholds           Secondary, cumulative or   By securing affordable housing across the District the option is identified as having the potential for a significant
                     synergistic effects:       impact on reducing social exclusion and supporting social sustainability indicators.




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                                                                                                                   Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF

Core Policy 2:      Appraisal outcome:         The Option would assist in meeting housing need in sustainable locations as a result strongly supports social
Affordable                                     sustainability indicators relating to housing.
Housing             Mitigation proposals:      Whilst affordable housing will be allowed in locations with recreational and cultural facilities some of the villages
Exceptions Sites                               have limited access to them. As a result the policy option would help to sustain rural communities and develop
                                               social capital, however some communities will not have their housing need addressed at source and therefore social
                                               capital may be affected. There is also the potential for incompatibility of the policy option on the environment,
                                               biodiversity and the natural, built heritage; however there would be a need to ensure that new development did
                                               not impact negatively on these indicators.
                    Secondary, cumulative or   By securing affordable housing exceptions sites the option is identified as having the potential for a significant
                    synergistic effects:       impact in support of social sustainability indicators.
Core Policy 3A:     Appraisal outcome:          The option will lead to well designed safe and sustainable new housing development and allows for greater
New Housing Sites                               flexibility in terms of the density of new development, the Option therefore show’s strong support for social
                                                sustainability indicators relating to housing and either support or neutral impacts across the rest.
                    Mitigation proposals:      None suggested
                    Secondary, cumulative or   There are significant cumulative effects across social, economic and environmental sustainability indicators from
                    synergistic effects:       delivering well designed, safe and sustainable new housing. For example new housing provision can be significant in
                                               terms of promoting more sustainable patterns of development which would include how natural resources are
                                               exploited in both the short and longer terms.
Core Policy 3B:     Appraisal outcome:         This option will secure a range of housing to meet the District’s housing need in relation to house type and allows
New Housing                                     for the District Council to achieve appropriate development mix straight away and therefore show’s strong support
Development:                                    for social sustainability indicators relating to housing with neutral impacts upon the remainder of the indicators.
Type                Mitigation proposals:      None suggested
                    Secondary, cumulative or   By securing housing types that reflect local housing need the option is identified as having the potential for a
                    synergistic effects:       significant impact in support of social sustainability indicators.
Core Policy 4       Appraisal outcome:         This option will facilitate the allocation of new pitches to help meet local housing need in locations which have
Gypsies and                                    existing Gypsy and Traveller communities, support services and employment opportunities particularly supporting
Travellers and                                 social and economic sustainability indicators whilst having a neutral impact upon the environmental indicators.
Travelling                                     Particular support is identified in terms of developing social capital through the creation and reinforcing of links with
Showpeople                                     existing communities.
Allocation          Mitigation proposals:      None suggested
                    Secondary, cumulative or   None of significance identified
                    synergistic effects:




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                                                                                                                 Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF
Core Policy 5     Appraisal outcome:         This Option aims to secure sustainable new sites for Gypsy and Traveller and Travelling Showpeople communities. It
Gypsies and                                  will help deliver sites which are well located in relation to existing facilities and with access to public transport and
Travellers and                               jobs in doing so the Option supports a range of the social, economic and environmental sustainability indicators.
Travelling                                   Particular support is identified in terms of developing social capital through the creation and reinforcing of links with
Showpeople                                   existing communities.
Criteria          Mitigation proposals:      None suggested
                  Secondary, cumulative or   None of significance identified
                  synergistic effects:
Core Policy 6     Appraisal outcome:         This Option will help sustain and secure economic growth in accessible locations. Its emphasis on priority sectors
Economic Growth                              offers comprehensive approach to developing and widening current employment base and structures, and
and Prosperity                               supporting enterprise and innovation which will promote more rapid development of new businesses and jobs.

                                             Thus the option demonstrates strong long term support of social and economic sustainability objectives including
                                             those relating to Health and health inequalities, Transport, Employment, Enterprise and Innovation and creation of
                                             a Modern Economic Structure these would contributes towards sustainable economic development.
                  Mitigation proposals:      None suggested.
                  Secondary, cumulative or   This policy approach will strongly influence the location of new business development, impacting on the form of
                  synergistic effects:       development across the District.
Core Policy 7     Appraisal outcome:         This option will enable a comprehensive approach to stimulating tourism, and utilise the full tourist potential of the
Tourism                                      District at a faster pace. The option therefore shows support for social, economic and environmental sustainability
                                             indicators in particular through increasing Access to Recreation and Culture whilst support is also provided for
                                             those indicators concerned with Biodiversity, Natural, built, cultural, archaeological assets, Transport and
                                             Enterprise and Innovation.
                  Mitigation proposals:      Potential detrimental impacts arising from increased access to recreation and culture and upon biodiversity would
                                             require mitigation.
                  Secondary, cumulative or   The secondary effects from tourist growth in particular locations could be significant because of, for example,
                  synergistic effects:       related support for local services and wider economic development. Limiting development to accessible locations
                                             would restrict significant tourism development from taking place in the more unsustainable locations
Core Policy 8     Appraisal outcome:         The option represents a moderate, staged approach in line with Government aim ensuring all new homes will be
Sustainable                                  zero carbon from 2016. Government has been working with house building industry, Local Government and other
Energy                                       stakeholders on this project, and delivery may depend on continuation of this partnership approach. Option
                                             includes scope for viability of targets to be further assessed and enables for local circumstances to be reflected in
                                             the criteria-based approach to assessing renewable energy developments. Thus the option in terms of sustainability
                                             objectives shows support for social and economic and in particular strong support for environmental indicators.
                  Mitigation proposals:      None suggested
                  Secondary, cumulative or   The option will strongly influence the form of development that takes place across the District and would be
                  synergistic effects:       significant in promoting a more sustainable form of development that in particular exploits natural resources and
                                             utilises energy more efficiently.



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                                                                                                                  Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF

Core Policy 9      Appraisal outcome:         The Option will seek to manage flood risk within the District, helping to avoid flood risk and damage to people and
Managing Flood                                property whilst allowing for the water resources of the District to be managed effectively. Therefore the option
Risk                                          shows a level of support for social, environmental and economic indicators especially with regard to minimising
                                              flood risk to housing and prudent management of natural resources.
                   Mitigation proposals:      None suggested
                   Secondary, cumulative or   Flood risk is a significant determinant of what can be considered as suitable locations for development in the
                   synergistic effects:       District.
Core Policy 10     Appraisal outcome:         The Option is in support of a number of the sustainability indicators, particularly in terms of those relating to social
Biodiversity,                                 and environmental aspects. The Option could deliver a positive impact on people’s health, provide better
Geological                                    opportunities for people to value and enjoy the District’s heritage and participate in cultural and community
Conservation and                              activities. It would also help contribute to the protection and enhancement of the built and natural environmental
Green                                         assets, including areas such as Sherwood Forest. Creating new areas of interest, dispersing visitor pressure and
Infrastructure                                providing links through to other green infrastructure could all be of benefit in providing opportunities for enjoyment
                                              of the District’s heritage.
                   Mitigation proposals:      None suggested
                   Secondary, cumulative or   None of significance identified.
                   synergistic effects:
Core Policy 11     Appraisal outcome:         The option through actively categorising, conserving, reinforcing, restoring and creating the distinctive features of
Landscape                                     the local landscape could lead to positive effects which help to enhance the diversity of the natural, cultural and
Character                                     built environment for the benefit of residents and visitors. The option makes the most of locally distinctive features
                                              and in the removal or mitigating of detracting features. Thus the option is in support of a number of social and
                                              environmental sustainability indicators especially with regard to Natural, built, cultural, archaeological assets given
                                              that Landscapes are intimately related to the cultural and built heritage of an area. The positive effect of a holistic
                                              approach can help to enhance the diversity of the natural, cultural and built environment.
                   Mitigation proposals:      None suggested.
                   Secondary, cumulative or   None of significance identified.
                   synergistic effects:
Core Policy 12     Appraisal outcome:         The Option has mostly neutral or positive impacts on the sustainability indicators. The reuse of Listed Buildings for
Historic                                      housing or employment use could help to meet the needs of the District whilst Encouraging the reuse of historic
Environment                                   buildings could have an impact on reducing both crime and the fear of crime.
                   Mitigation proposals:      However, there could potentially be a limited negative impact if it led to the loss of unlisted buildings in order to
                                              harvest the building materials which would need to be mitigated against.
                   Secondary, cumulative or   None of significance identified.
                   synergistic effects:




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                                                                                                                Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF

                                                                       Area Policies
Newark Area        Appraisal outcome:          The Option shows support for a range of social, environmental and economic sustainability indicators. Whilst care
Policy 1: Newark                               must be taken to ensure that the character of the town centre is not damaged and that a balanced approach to
Town Centre                                    transport improvement is taken, this option will ensure that Newark town centre can grow sustainably.
                   Mitigation proposals:      The Option necessitates that car based road improvements do not undermine improvements in public transport and
                                              the encouragement of walking and cycling.
                   Secondary, cumulative or   Supporting the role of Newark as the key location within the District for administration, business, entertainment
                   synergistic effects:       and leisure and shopping is vital to the wider economic prosperity of the District and in providing accessible
                                              services.
Newark Area        Appraisal outcome:         The appraisal has highlighted a number of positive impacts on the sustainability objectives including improvements
Policy 2A –                                   to housing mix, opportunities for new employment, new/improved social facilities such as schools, health and
Location of                                   education, and recreation and new/improved transport infrastructure.
Strategic Sites    Mitigation proposals:      Due to the size of the development it would lead to the loss of a large area of greenfield land to the south of
Land South of                                 Newark which could affect local habitats. Development would have to be planned carefully to mitigate these issues.
Newark             Secondary, cumulative or   The Option is a significant element of the policy approach for accommodating the strategic housing requirement for
                   synergistic effects:       the District. The Option therefore has the potential to significantly affect the form of development across the whole
                                              District.
Newark Area        Appraisal outcome:         The appraisal has highlighted a number of positive impacts on the sustainability objectives including improvements
Policy 2B –                                   to housing mix, new/improved social facilities such as schools, health and education, and recreation and
Location of                                   new/improved transport infrastructure.
Strategic Sites    Mitigation proposals:      Due to the size of the development it would lead to the loss of a large part of the Newark Green Wedge which could
Land East of                                  affect local habitats and the SINCs and MLA which lie within it. Development would have to be planned carefully to
Newark                                        mitigate these issues.
                   Secondary, cumulative or   The Option is a significant element of the policy approach for accommodating the strategic housing requirement for
                   synergistic effects:       the District. The Option therefore has the potential to significantly affect the form of development across the whole
                                              District.
Newark Area        Appraisal outcome:         The appraisal has highlighted a number of positive impacts on the sustainability objectives including improvements
Policy 2C –                                   to housing mix, opportunities for new employment, new/improved social facilities such as schools, health and
Location of                                   education, and recreation and new/improved transport infrastructure.
Strategic Sites    Mitigation proposals:      Due to the size of the development it would lead to the loss of a large of area of greenfield land around Fernwood
Land around                                   which could affect local habitats. Development would have to be planned carefully to mitigate these issues
Fernwood           Secondary, cumulative or   The Option is a significant element of the policy approach for accommodating the strategic housing requirement for
                   synergistic effects:       the District. The Option therefore has the potential to significantly affect the form of development across the whole
                                              District.




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                                                                                                                     Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF

Newark Area           Appraisal outcome:         This Option has only positive or neutral impacts. Locally accessible community facilities reduce the need to travel to
Policy 3 – Newark                                other locations. Locating the Sports Hub in Newark, close to public transport helps with accessibility to the wider
Sports Hub                                       District population. The provision of these facilities can lead to increased opportunity for social interaction,
                                                 community activity and physical activity which can lead to healthier lifestyles.
                      Mitigation proposals:      None suggested
                      Secondary, cumulative or   The Option has significant consequences for creating and maintaining sustainable communities and, thereby,
                      synergistic effects:       minimise traffic generation to facilities further afield.
Newark Area           Appraisal outcome:          This option would encourage new transport links in rural areas and encourage new local facilities. Would help
Policy 4 – Linkages                               people access jobs and facilities in Newark and Principal Villages. Thus the Option is in particular support of a wide
to Rural Areas                                    range of the social and economic sustainability indicators.
                      Mitigation proposals:      None suggested
                      Secondary, cumulative or   The Option is a significant element of the policy approach for accommodating the strategic housing requirement for
                      synergistic effects:       the District. The Option therefore has the potential to significantly affect the form of development across the whole
                                                 District.
Southwell Area        Appraisal outcome:         This option is in support of a number of social, environmental and economic sustainability indicators in particular
Policy 1 –                                       through the balancing of the settlements role as a Service Centre with the continued protection of its historic
Southwell’s Role                                 environment.
and Setting           Mitigation proposals:      The Option necessitates that any new development would not impact on the identified flooding issues in the town.
                      Secondary, cumulative or   The Option is a significant element of the policy approach for Southwell and its area. The Option therefore has the
                      synergistic effects:       potential to significantly affect the form of development in the area.
Southwell Area        Appraisal outcome:         This Policy has positive or neutral impacts on the objectives. The development of new educational and research
Policy 2 -                                       facilities and encouraging the development of local businesses and companies in to the area actively supports some
Brackenhurst                                     of these objectives.
Campus -              Mitigation proposals:      This Option could potentially have had a negative impact on the setting of Southwell’s historic core. However, the
Nottingham Trent                                 potential adverse impacts have been mitigated through the inclusion of the criterion which seeks to ensure that
University                                       new development does not detrimentally affect the setting of the Campus or the town of Southwell.
                      Secondary, cumulative or   The Option can provide a catalyst for wider economic development in the Southwell Area.
                      synergistic effects:
Sherwood Area         Appraisal outcome:         The option generates a number of positive impacts on the SA objectives. In some cases, especially environmental
Policy 1 –                                       objectives, there are both positive and negative impacts. On a positive side it would help improve health, provide
Sherwood Forest                                  better opportunities for people to value and enjoy the District’s heritage and participate in cultural activities. It
Options                                          would also help contribute to the protection and enhancement of the built and natural environmental assets and
                                                 contribute towards the development of a modern economic structure.




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                                                                                                                   Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF

                      Mitigation proposals:      Increased visitor numbers and leisure activities could have a detrimental impact on built and natural environmental
                                                 assets and could result in increased pressure on water resources, waste creation and energy usage which would all
                                                 require mitigation. Due to its location many visitors may be reliant on the private car to access the area which
                                                 impacts on congestion and air quality although there are a number of walking and cycle routes in the area which
                                                 could be utilised and help mitigate against this.
                      Secondary, cumulative or   The Option is a significant element of the policy approach for the Shewood Forest and therefore has the potential to
                      synergistic effects:       significantly affect the form of development across the whole District.
Sherwood Area         Appraisal outcome:         The option particularly supports social, environmental and economic sustainability indicators by encouraging
Policy 2 – Ollerton                              appropriate new development and improved public transport.
Town Centre           Mitigation proposals:      None suggested.
                      Secondary, cumulative or   The strengthening of Ollerton Town Centre as the Service Centre is a significant element of the policy approach for
                      synergistic effects:       the Sherwood Area and therefore has the potential to significantly affect the form of development seen in this
                                                 wider location.
Mansfield Fringe      Appraisal outcome:         This option supports social, economic and to an extent environmental sustainability indicators through supporting
Area Policy 1 -                                  the Service Centres of Rainworth and Clipstone and the Principal Village of Blidworth by creating greater housing
Mansfield Fringe                                 and employment opportunities and additional new community infrastructure, increasing the sustainability of the
                                                 local area. This could help to reduce the need to travel to other areas as well as encouraging improved public
                                                 transport links into Mansfield, to access the wider range of facilities of the Sub Regional Centre.
                      Mitigation proposals:      The Option promoting the redevelopment of brownfield sites could have either a positive or negative impact on
                                                 biodiversity depending on the nature of the site to be redeveloped and the extent to which it has been reclaimed by
                                                 flora and fauna.
                      Secondary, cumulative or   Option is a significant element of the policy approach for the Mansfield Fringe Area and therefore has the potential
                      synergistic effects:       to significantly affect the form of development seen in this wider location.




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                                                         Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




       Secondary, Cumulative and Synergistic Effects

5.11   The SEA Directive requires the consideration of the secondary, cumulative and
       synergistic effects of the Core Strategy: Preferred Options. These are defined as
       follows7 :

        Secondary effects: ‘effects that are not the direct result of the plan, but occur
         away from the original effect or as a result of a complex pathway’.
        Cumulative effects: ‘arise, for instance, where several developments each have
         insignificant effects but altogether have a significant effect; or where several
         individual effects of the plan…have a combined effect’.
        Synergistic effects: ‘interact to produce a total effect greater than the sum of
         the individual effects’.

5.12   Table 5.2 graphically highlights the potential impacts of Core Strategy Preferred
       Options policies on the SA objectives, in terms of negative or positive impact. The
       information in Table 5.2 has been used to identify the main secondary,
       cumulative and synergistic effects of the Core Strategy.

         Key to Table 5.2
            +      Positive impact              0       No impact or neutral
            –      Negative impact              ?       Uncertain

            *
       No Preferred Option has been identified for the 4 Growth Scenarios




7 ODPM (2005). A Practical Guide to the Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive (Appendix 8)


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                                                                                                          Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF


Table 5.2: Summary of the impacts of the Sustainability Appraisal of Preferred Options (policies)
               Core Strategy Preferred Options (Spatial Policies)
     SA
  Objectives    1/2      3.1*     3.2*     3.3*     3.4*       4    5A     5B       6       7        8          9         10
       1         +        +        ++       ++      +++        -    ++         -   ++       ++       +          +         ++
       2         0        -        ++       ++      +++        0    0          0    ?       ++       0          +          +
       3         0       +/-       +        ++      +++        0    0          0    +       ++       +          +          +
       4         0        ++       ++       ++       ++        0    0          0    0       0        0          0          0
       5         0        +        ++       ++      +++        +    +/-    +/-      +       ++       +         ++          0
       6         +       +/-      +/-       +/-      +/-       +    0          +    -       ++      --          0         ++
       7        +/-      +/-        -       +/-      --        +    0          +    -       ++      +/-         +         ++
       8         +        --      +/-       +/-       +        +    0          +    -       +       +/-         0         ++
       9         0        --       ++       ++       ++        0    0          0    +       0        0          0          0
      10         0        +        ++       ++      +++        -    0          0    +       ?        -          0          0
      11         ++       -        +        +        ++        +    +      ++      ++       ++      +/-        ++        +++
      12         0        +        ++       ++      +++       -/0   0          0   ++       0       ++          +        +++
      13         0        +        +        +       +++        +    0          0   ++       0        0          0          0
      14         0         +       +       ++      +++         -    0          0   ++       0       ++          0         ++
               Core Strategy Preferred Options (Core Policies)
     SA          1A       1B      1C        2      3A        3B     4          5    6       7        8          9         10        11         12
  Objectives
       1        +++      +++       ++      +++      +++      +++    ++     ++       0       0       +++        ++          0         0          +
       2         ++       ++       0        +        ++        +    +      ++      ++       +       ++          0          +         0          0
       3          0       0        0         -        +        0    0          +    0       ++       0          0         ++         +        +++
       4          0       0        0        0         +        0    0          0    0       0        +          0          0         0          +
       5          +       0        0        +/-       +        0    +          +    0       0        +          0          +         0          0
       6          0       0        0         -        0        0    0          0    0      +/-       +          +        +++         +          0
       7          0       0        0         -        +        0    0          +    0      +/-       0          +        +++        ++        +++
       8          0       0        0        0         +        0    0          +    0       0       +++        ++         ++         0          0

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                                                                                                    Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF


    9         0       0        0       0        ++       0      0          0    0      0      0           0          0         0         +/-
   10         0       0        0       0        ++       0      0          0    ++     +     +++          0          0         0          0
   11         0       0        0       +        +        0      +          +   +++     ++     0           0          0         0          0
   12         0       0        0       0        0        0      +          +   +++     +      ++          +          0         0          +
   13         0       0        0       0        0        0      0          0   +++     ++     ++          0          0         0          0
   14         0        0       0        0       0          0    0          0   +++     0      ++          0          0         0          0
           Core Strategy Preferred Options (Area Policies)
   SA       NAP      NAP     NAP      NAP      NAP      NAP    SoAP   SoAP     ShAP   ShAP   MFAP
Objectives    1       2A      2B       2C       3          4     1      2        1      2     1
    1         0      +++      +++     +++       0        0      ++         0    +      0     +++
    2         +       ++      ++       +        ++       +      0          0    ++     0      0
    3        ++       ++      ++       +        0        +      ++         0   +/-     +      0
    4         +       +        +       +        0        0      0          0    0      0      0
    5         0       ++      ++       ++       ++       +      +          0    ++     +      +
    6         +      +/-      +/-      +/-      0        0      +          0   +/-     0      +/-
    7        ++      +/-       ?       +        0        0     +++         0   +/-     0      0
    8         0       -        -        -       0        0      -          0   +/-     0      0
    9         0       +        +       +        0        0      0          0    0      0      0
   10         0       ++       +       +        0        0      0          0    0      0      0
   11        +/-     +/-      +/-      +        ++      ++      +      ++      +/-     ++     ++
   12         +       ++       +       ++       0       ++      +      ++       ++    +++     ++
   13         +       +        +       +        0        +      +      +++      0      +      ++
   14         +       ++       0       ++       0        0      +          0    ++     +      ++




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                                           Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




5.13   From the assessment of the cumulative effects, for the majority of objectives
       the impacts are viewed as broadly positive. Those areas where there is the
       potential for cumulative adverse effects to occur relate mainly to the
       potential of some to, directly or indirectly, allow scope for development of
       sizable areas of greenfield land. Also, there is the potential for some
       proposed policies to allow scope for development that is potentially or clearly
       contrary to traffic reduction aims. The following four Sustainability Appraisal
       objectives have been specifically highlighted as potentially compromised by
       certain Core Strategy policies, in terms of collective impact (to varying
       degrees).

       6)    To increase biodiversity levels across the District.
       7)    To protect and enhance the rich diversity of the natural, cultural and
             built environment and archaeological assets.
       8)    To manage prudently the natural resources of the District including
             water, air quality, soils and minerals.
       11)   To make efficient use of the existing transport infrastructure, help
             reduce the need to travel by car, improve accessibility to jobs and
             services for all and to ensure that all journeys are undertaken by the
             most sustainable mode available.

5.14   In consequence, these effects will need to be subject to careful monitoring.
       However, a number of mitigation measures (either through the inclusion of
       recommended wording suggestions, or, at the implementation stage,
       through, for example, the incorporation of sustainable building techniques)
       are identified in Table 5.1. The effect of such mitigating measures should also
       be taken into consideration when assessing the resulting District wide
       impacts.

       Uncertainties and risks

5.15   Uncertainties and risks always exist in any qualitative assessment where
       subjective judgements are required and deductions and assumptions underlie
       the assessment. This Section attempts to explain these uncertainties and
       risks.

       Risk of sustainability issues being incorrectly identified

5.16   Some of the baseline data presented in the Core Strategy Scoping Report was
       only available at a wider geographic level. In these situations, it was
       necessary to assume that the issue identified by the data was relevant to
       Newark and Sherwood District.




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                                           Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



       Risk of the Sustainability Appraisal Framework not addressing all relevant
       issues

5.17   A balance must be struck between addressing all of the sustainability issues
       and creating a practical and usable document. The assessment of each of the
       Options is a qualitative process in that if the number of ‘+’ was added up for
       each option it would not necessarily lead to a definitive conclusion as to
       whether the option was sustainable.

       Risk of inaccurate predictions

5.18   The process leading to an expert judgement cannot be fully recorded in this
       document. A question mark is used in the assessment of the Options where
       the baseline data or the relationship between the Options and any possible
       effect is not clear. The consultation process may help to clarify this.

       Risk of the SA and SEA processes conflicting

5.19   This issue has not yet been resolved in national guidance. The approach
       taken has been to concentrate on the Sustainability Appraisal, applying equal
       weight to social, economic and environmental issues.

       Conclusions

5.20   In broad terms the Core Strategy Options Report performs well against the
       sustainable development objectives. Many of the options make a positive
       contribution towards specific sustainable development objectives and the
       proposed mitigation measures suggested are not usually in response to
       significant identified adverse impacts, but are usually less fundamental in
       nature. With the completion of this Sustainability Appraisal, the District
       Council has ensured that through the various iterations of the Core Strategy,
       its performance and contribution towards a more sustainable future should
       be one that improves as the Core Strategy is taken forward to the submission
       stage.

5.21   Overall, the role of the Local Development Framework is not to achieve
       sustainability on its own, but to make the land use planning contribution to
       sustainable development which needs to be implemented alongside other
       policy documents. The sustainability appraisal process has provided the
       opportunity for the sustainability issues associated with the Core Strategy to
       be considered by policy makers, decision makers and the wider community.
       Whilst some issues remain, and some of these will be inherent within the
       trade off between the elements of sustainability, the Core Strategy provides a
       robust framework from which to progress sustainability objectives within the
       District.




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                                            Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




6.0   Core Strategy Implementation

      Links to other Local Development Framework documents

6.1   The Core Strategy sets the long–term Vision for Newark and Sherwood
      District along with Strategic and Area Objectives and Policies required to
      deliver that Vision. The Core Strategy sets the framework for the preparation
      of a number of other Development Plan Documents (DPDs), which together,
      will put in place policies and proposals to achieve Core Strategy strategic aims
      and to also mitigate against the potential adverse impacts identified through
      this appraisal.

6.2   Other documents may also be identified, at a later date, that are of a more
      site-specific nature, such as planning and development briefs for site
      allocations. The following table (Table 6.1) sets out the key documents to be
      produced and how they link to the Core Strategy.

      Table 6.1: Other Local Development Framework documents to be produced
       LDF Document       Link
       Site Specific Land   The role of this document is to identify and allocate sufficient
       Allocations and      housing land to cover the period to 2026 whilst taking into
       Policies             account the requirements of the emerging East Midlands Regional
       Development Plan     Plan (RSS8). This document should accord with the requirements
       Documents (DPD)      of the Regional Plan and the requirements, vision and strategy set
                            out in the Core Strategy. This document will also include
                            allocations for other land uses where appropriate. Site-specific
                            aspects considered for the various Preferred Options in the
                            Sustainability Appraisal will need to be assessed further and
                            incorporated into this document.
       General              To establish a limited range of policies which set out criteria
       Development          against which planning applications for the development and use
       Control Policies     of land and buildings will be considered. Content will include
       DPD                  topic–related policies such as protecting residential amenity;
                            protecting landscape accessibility; highways and transport issues;
                            protecting vitality and viability; and addressing visual impact, etc.
       Supplementary        The District Council has committed to the production of SPD on:
       Planning             Affordable Housing – will directly assist the implementation of
       Documents (SPD)      Preferred Options on Core Policy 1A, 1B, 1C and 3.
                            Developer Contributions – which will identify how potential
                            adverse impacts resulting from development (such as impact on
                            community facilities) may be mitigated against.

      Links to other Plans and Policies

6.3   The Core Strategy Options Report, like all DPDs, must be in general
      conformity with the Regional Spatial Strategy (RSS). This is currently the East
      Midlands Regional Plan published in March 2009.




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                                            Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



6.4   The Core Strategy should be read in conjunction with the other DPDs and
      SPDs (once written) to gain a holistic understanding of the implications and
      implementation of the spatial policies – indeed this remains a key intention
      of the new approach to planning. There are also links with the various plans
      and programmes identified in the review of plans and programmes (See Table
      3.1, page 30). Table 6.2 sets out other plans and programmes to be prepared
      (outside the Newark and Sherwood Local Development Framework process)
      that will help to inform or deliver the Preferred Options.

      Table 6.2: Links to other Plans and Programmes

      Preferred Option      Other plan                Link
                            programme
      SPATIAL POLICIES
      1 and 2: Role of       East Midlands           Will implement the locational
      Settlements and         Regional Plan –         requirements of the East Midlands
      Settlement              Northern Sub–           Regional Plan and the Sub-Regional
      Hierarchy               Regional Strategy       Strategy.
      3: Growth              East Midlands           Will implement the locational
      Scenarios (there is     Regional Plan –         requirements of the East Midlands
      no preferred            Northern Sub–           Regional Plan and the Sub-Regional
      option for this         Regional Strategy       Strategy. The IDP will provide the
      scenario)              Newark and              context for infrastructure investment to
                              Sherwood                support growth.
                              Infrastructure
                              Delivery Plan
      7: Infrastructure      Newark and              The IDP will provide the context for
      for Growth              Sherwood                infrastructure investment to support
                              Infrastructure          growth.
                              Delivery Plan
      8: Safeguarding        North                   Future LTP could potentially address
      Land for New              Nottinghamshire       road funding.
      Transport Schemes         Local Transport
                                Plan
      9: Protecting          Newark and              Will help protect the Green Spaces
      Leisure and               Sherwood Green        identified as important in the Strategy.
      Community                 Spaces Strategy
      Facilities
      CORE POLICIES
      1A: Affordable         East Midlands           Will ensure that future proposals are
      Housing Provision:      Regional Plan           consistent with Regional Plan policies,
      Percentage of          (Newark and             and are informed by the content of the
      Affordable              Sherwood District       District Council’s Housing Strategy and
      Housing Required.       Council) Housing        the outcome of the Housing Needs,
                              Strategy                Market and Affordability Study which is
                             Housing Needs,          currently at draft stage.
                              Market and
                              Affordability Study
      1B: Affordable         East Midlands           Will ensure that future proposals are
      Housing Provision:      Regional Plan           consistent with Regional Plan policies,


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                                       Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




Preferred Option     Other plan                  Link
                     programme
Tenure and Type       (Newark and               and are informed by the content of the
Mix.                   Sherwood District         District Council’s Housing Strategy and
                       Council) Housing          the outcome of the Housing Needs,
                       Strategy                  Market and Affordability Study which is
                      Housing Needs,            currently at draft stage.
                       Market and
                       Affordability Study
1C: Affordable        East Midlands             Will ensure that future proposals are
Housing Provision:     Regional Plan             consistent with Regional Plan policies,
Qualifying            (Newark and               and are informed by the content of the
Thresholds.            Sherwood District         District Council’s Housing Strategy and
                       Council) Housing          the outcome of the Housing Needs,
                       Strategy                  Market and Affordability Study which is
                      Housing Needs,            currently at draft stage.
                       Market and
                       Affordability Study
2: Affordable         East Midlands             Will ensure that future proposals are
Housing                Regional Plan             consistent with Regional Plan policies,
Exceptions Sites      (Newark and               and are informed by the content of the
                       Sherwood District         District Council’s Housing Strategy and
                       Council) Housing          the outcome of the Housing Needs,
                       Strategy                  Market and Affordability Study which is
                      Housing Needs,            currently at draft stage.
                       Market and
                       Affordability Study
3B: New Housing       Housing Needs,            Will ensure that future proposals are
Development:           Market and                informed by the outcome of the Housing
Type                   Affordability Study       Needs, Market and Affordability Study
                                                 which is currently at draft stage.
4: Gypsies,           East Midlands             Will ensure that future policies and
Travellers and        Regional Plan              proposals, including, where necessary,
Travelling            Nottinghamshire           site–specific land allocations and
Showpeople –          Gypsy and Traveller        policies, accord with the Regional Plan
New Pitch             Accommodation              and reflect the outcome of the
Provision             Needs Assessment           Nottinghamshire Gypsy and Traveller
                                                 Accommodation Needs Assessment.
6: Economic           East Midlands             Will ensure that future policies and
Growth and             Regional Plan             proposals reflect Regional Plan policies,
Prosperity.                                      and are also informed by the the East
                      East Midlands             Midlands Employment Land Provision
                       Employment Land           Study.
                       Provision Study
7: Tourism            East Midlands             Will ensure that future policies and
                       Regional Plan             proposals, including, where necessary,
                                                 site–specific land allocations and
                                                 policies, accord with any Regional Plan
                                                 policy concerning the creation of a
                                                 ‘Sherwood Forest Regional Park’.
8: Sustainable        A Sustainable             Will ensure that future policies and


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                                       Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




Preferred Option       Other plan                Link
                       programme
Energy                  Energy Policy For        proposals reflect the Nottinghamshire
                        Nottinghamshire          approach to Sustainable Energy.
9: Flood Risk           Newark and              The Strategic Flood Risk assessment will
                         Sherwood Strategic      evaluate potential sites for future
                         Flood Risk              development within the District
                         Assessment (Level       including strategic sites and provide
                         1 and Level 2)          appropriate policy approaches for
                                                 windfall development within settlements
                                                 in the District.
10 Biodiversity,        Nottinghamshire         This Preferred Option embeds the key
Geological               Local Biodiversity      nature conservation documents within
Conservation and         Action Plan             the Core Strategy, the latter two are
Green                   Green                   being prepared at the moment.
Infrastrucutre           Infrastructure
                         Strategy
                        Nature
                         Conservation
                         Strategy
11: Landscape           Landscape               The County Council has produced
Character                Character               Landscape Character Guidelines for
                         Assessment              Nottinghamshire and with the District
                                                 Council are developing a full Landscape
                                                 Character Assessment dividing the
                                                 District’s landscape into a range of
                                                 ‘policy areas’, this work will be used to
                                                 implement the Preferred Option.
AREA POLICIES - NEWARK
2A: Strategic Site –    Newark and              The IDP will provide the context for
Land South of            Sherwood                infrastructure investment to support
Newark                   Infrastructure          growth on this site.
                         Delivery Plan
2B: Strategic Site –    Newark and              The IDP will provide the context for
Land East of             Sherwood                infrastructure investment to support
Newark                   Infrastructure          growth on this site.
                         Delivery Plan
2C: Strategic Site –    Newark and              The IDP will provide the context for
Land around              Sherwood                infrastructure investment to support
Fernwood                 Infrastructure          growth on this site.
                         Delivery Plan
4: Rural                North                   Will attempt to improve rural
Accessibilty in the        Nottinghamshire       accessibility in this part of the district
Newark Area                Local Transport       and are informed by the provisions of
                           Plan                  the Local Transport Plan and its
                        Accessibility           accompanying Accessibility Strategy.
                           Strategy for
                           Nottinghamshire
AREA POLICIES - SOUTHWELL
2: Brackenhurst         Future investment       This preferred option sets out the



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                                             Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




        Preferred Option      Other plan               Link
                              programme
        Campus                  plans of               context for joint working between the
                                Nottingham Trent       District Council and the University on the
                                University             Brackenhurst Campus, and will therefore
                                                       by nature be reliant on their future
                                                       plans.
        AREA POLICIES – SHERWOOD
        1: Sherwood            Future Regional        This preferred option supports the
        Forest                  Park Proposals         development of a regional park and will
                                                       therefore by nature be reliant on the
                                                       future plans of the partnership for the
                                                       creation of it.
        AREA POLICIES – MANSFIELD FRINGE
        1: Mansfield Fringe    Mansfield District     This preferred option sets out the
                                Council’s Local        context for joint working between the
                                Development            two District Councils, in relation to
                                Framework              development in the Mansfield Fringe
                               Newark and             settlements, and will therefore by nature
                                Sherwood               be reliant on the future Mansfield LDF
                                Infrastructure         and both Council’s infrastructure
                                Delivery               planning work..
                                Plan/Mansfield
                                Infrastructure
                                Delivery work.



       Proposals for Monitoring

6.5    It is a requirement of the SEA Directive that the significant environmental
       effects of the implementation of Plans must be monitored to identify any
       unforeseen adverse effects and to enable appropriate remedial action to be
       taken.

6.6    Guidance provided by the (former) Office of the Deputy Prime Minister on
       monitoring Local Development Frameworks8, and the suggested approach to
       monitoring set out in guidance on SA, suggests that local planning authorities
       should adopt an integrated approach to monitoring the sustainability
       performance of local development frameworks, that incorporates the
       monitoring of the framework’s impacts alongside SA/SEA related significant
       effects. This monitoring should consider the following questions to assess
       whether the impacts of the Local Development Framework were those
       expected during the development of the framework:




8 Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (2005) Local Development Framework Monitoring: A
Good Practice Guide.


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                                            Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




          Were the assessments predictions of sustainability effects accurate?
          Is the Local Development Framework contributing to the achievement of
          the desired sustainability appraisal objectives and targets?
          Are mitigation measures performing as well as expected?
          Are there any adverse effects?
           Are these within acceptable limits, or is remedial action desirable?

6.7    ‘Unforeseen adverse effects’ require monitoring which, according to the
       European Commission guidance9 on these, should be understood as:

       ‘….shortcomings of the prognostic statements in the environment report (e.g.
       regarding the predicted intensity of an environmental effect) or unforeseen
       effects resulting from changes of circumstances, which have led to certain
       assumptions in the environmental assessment being partly or wholly
       invalidated’.

       Although it is not possible to know how to monitor unforeseen impacts,
       consideration of the indicators associated with each objective will assist in
       highlighting any unforeseen changes related to the implementation of the
       plan.

6.8    Interpretation and analysis of the indicators should focus on the significant
       sustainability impacts of the Local Development Framework. Sustainability
       issues that will require monitoring are described in Table 6.3.




9 European Commission (2003) ‘Implementation of Directive 2001/42 EC on the assessment
of effects of certain plans and programmes on the environment’


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                                          Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




Table 6.3: Sustainability Issues that will require monitoring
 Source                   Explanation                        Sustainability issue
 Environmental            It is important that               Biodiversity, population,
 topics listed in the     monitoring is used to show         human health, fauna, flora,
 SEA Directive            if the issues identified in the    soil, water, air, climatic
                          SEA Directive are being            factors, material assets,
                          addressed.                         cultural heritage including
                                                             architectural and
                                                             archaeological heritage,
                                                             landscape
 Sustainability           The monitoring framework           Examples include:
 Appraisal objectives     should show whether the                 The gap between the
                          sustainability objectives are           most disadvantaged
                          being met. The table of                 communities and the
                          baseline information and                rest and level of
                          indicators is attached at               prosperity
                          Appendix B.                             Education levels and
                                                                  opportunities to
                          Indicators which are already            everyone to acquire the
                          being used by Newark and                skills they need to access
                          Sherwood District Council               job opportunities
                          and other organisations will
                          be utilises, where
                          appropriate, to monitor the
                          effects of the Local
                          Development Framework.
 Features of the          The summary of the main            Examples include:
 baseline that will       social, environmental and             Development on
 indicate the effects     economic baseline                     greenfield land.
 of the strategy          characteristics of Newark             Diversity of the
                          and Sherwood highlights key           economy.
                          issues which the Local                Car use
                          Development Framework
                          should affect.
 The likely significant   There are a number of key          Examples include:
 effects that were        issues where the Local                Number of new houses
 identified during the    Development Framework is              Area of
 appraisal                likely to have a particularly         land/development at risk
                          large impact and are                  from flooding
                          therefore important to                The need to travel
                          monitor.
 Mitigation measures                                         Examples include:
 proposed to offset                                             Development of
 or reduce negative                                             transport infrastructure
 impacts                                                        that assists car use
                                                                reduction.
                                                                Output of renewable
                                                                energy schemes within
                                                                the District.



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                                           Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



6.9    Under the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004, the Council is
       required to produce an Annual Monitoring Report (AMR) on the progress of
       implementation of the Local Development Scheme (LDS). The monitoring of
       the Sustainability Appraisal Objectives will take place annually alongside
       production of the AMR. Table 2.2 on page 22, provides a list of indicators
       that will form the basis for monitoring. To coordinate this process, take
       account of any unforeseen circumstances or changes to available indicator
       data (e.g. new data becoming available), where appropriate, the indicators
       listed in Table 2.2 on page 22 may be amended to ensure compatibility within
       the AMR.

6.10   Whilst significant effects of Core Strategy policies must be monitored to
       identify any unforeseen adverse effects so that the appropriate mitigation
       can be implemented, guidance on SA sets out that it is not necessary to
       monitor everything, or monitor an effect indefinitely. Instead monitoring
       needs to be focused on significant sustainability effects. For example, those:

             That indicate a likely breach of international, national or local
              legislation, recognise guidelines or standards;
             That may give to irreversible damage, with a view to identifying
              trends before such damage is cause; and
             Where there is uncertainty in the SA, and where monitoring would
              enable preventative or mitigation measures to be undertaken.




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                         Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




Appendix A:   Organisations consulted on the Scoping
              Report
                                                  Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF



Organisations consulted on the Scoping Report

SEA Consultation Bodies
Countryside Agency                                      English Nature
English Heritage                                        Environment Agency

     These organisations were sent a copy of the Scoping Report and asked to comment upon the
     proposed SA Framework and intended appraisal methodology.


Adjoining Local Authorities
West Lindsey District Council                             Bassetlaw District Council
Lincolnshire County Council                               South Kesteven District Council
Melton Borough Council                                    Leicestershire County Council
Rushcliffe Borough Council                                Nottinghamshire County Council
Gedling Borough Council                                   Mansfield District Council
Nottinghamshire County Council                            North Kesteven District Council

     These local authorities were notified of the Scoping Report and asked to comment upon the
     proposed SA Framework and intended appraisal methodology.


Other
Newark Area Chamber of Commerce                        Newark and Sherwood Homes
Ollerton and District Chamber of Trade                 Pedals
Newark & Sherwood Disability Voice and Access          Country Land and Business Association
Group
Notts Coalition of Disabled People                     Age Concern Nottingham & Notts
Groundwork Ashfield and Mansfield                      The British Wind Energy Association
Newark Civic Trust                                     Equal Opportunities Commission
Southwell Civic Society                                Sherwood Forest Hospitals (NHS) Trust
Campaign to Protect Rural England                      Nottinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust
RSPB (North West England Regional Office)              Newark and Sherwood Council for Voluntary
                                                       Services
Newark and Sherwood Primary Care Trust                 Newark Archaeological and Local History
                                                       Society
Highways Agency                                        Network Rail
The Inland Waterways Association                       Severn Trent Water
Newark Internal Drainage Board                         Seven Trent Water, Raynesway
Severn Trent Water                                     Nottinghamshire Police
East Midlands Regional Assembly                        Bassetlaw Primary Care Trust
Federation of Small Businesses (East Midlands)         Sports England
Newark Business Club                                   Government Office for the East Midlands
Trent Strategic Health Authority                       Highways Agency
The Woodland Trust                                     Cyclists Touring Club
Anglian Water Developer Services                       Nottinghamshire Wildlife Trust
East Midlands Development Agency                       Ollerton & District Econmic Forum
National Farmers Union                                 Sherwood Forest Trust
Forestry Commission                                    Defra (RDS)
British Waterways (East Midlands Office)               The Coal Authority
Experience Nottinghamshire                             East Midlands Tourism
Nottinghamshire Rural Community Council                Trent & Peak Archaeological Unit
East Notts Travellers Association

      These organisations were notified of the Scoping Report and asked to comment upon the
      proposed SA Framework and intended appraisal methodology.
                         Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




Appendix B: Appraisal of the Vision
                                                                                                              Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




         Core Strategy Vision
POLICY AREA: Newark & Sherwood’s Vision
By 2026, Newark and Sherwood will become:

“An area providing a high quality of life, made up of thriving sustainable urban and rural communities where people want to and can, live and work. These
sustainable, balanced communities will feature good quality housing with a mix of different sizes, types and tenures which will address local needs.

The District will have a successful, diverse economy providing employment opportunities to a local workforce, equipped with a wide range of skills arising from
improved education, learning and training.

The District will be made up of attractive and vibrant towns and larger villages that act as employment and service centres for smaller villages and the
surrounding rural areas, as a result of sustainable growth and development, and in particular, Newark will have complemented its existing role as a Sub-
Regional Centre. This will bring new economic and infrastructure investment, regeneration and a major response to affordable housing shortages. Such
investment will be located within the town and sustainable urban extensions. Key transport improvements will have been secured. In the wider countryside,
our rural communities will have benefited from new, appropriate development that addresses their needs and will enjoy improved accessibility through good
communications and transport, linking people to jobs, schools, and other services.

The District will be a place where people can enjoy a natural and built environment that has been protected and enhanced in cleaner, safer and greener
neighbourhoods that encourage health, well-being and address local issues relating to the causes and effects of climate change. Development will have been
environmentally sensitive and resource efficient with energy consumption and waste production minimised and opportunities for appropriate forms of
renewable energy maximised.

The District Council’s wealth of natural and built heritage will have been complemented with new buildings and spaces that are well designed and respectful of
local character. Additional green and woodland spaces will have promoted the interests of nature conservation and biodiversity. There will be more
opportunities for tourism and visitors, together with residents, will be welcome to take advantage of the area’s increased attractions and improved facilities.

The District will have strong local distinctiveness as Newark and Sherwood’s unique diverse character, culture and heritage will have been respected and
promoted in the course of change that has been guided by the principles of sustainable development.”
                                                                                                           Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




POLICY AREA: Newark & Sherwood’s Vision

                   Short   Long
  SA Objective     Term    Term                                               Comments/Proposed Mitigation

                                  The Vision makes specific reference to the achievement of balanced communities featuring good quality housing with a
1 Housing           +       ++    mix of house type and tenure that address local needs and so strongly supports the objective.

                                  Integral to the Vision is the importance attached to infrastructure investment (which would include additional healthcare
2 Health and        +       ++    provision where appropriate) and improved accessibility to services both of which are in strong support of this objective.
  health                          More broadly the pattern of development portrayed within the Vision is more sustainable with much importance being
  inequalities                    placed upon the encouraging and achieving of communities that promote health and well-being and that also assist in
                                  reducing health inequalities across the District.
                                  Envisaged is a District where improved accessibility exists, and where people can enjoy the natural and built environment
3 Access to         +       ++    which has also been successfully protected and enhanced. This is important in providing the basis for more detailed
  Recreation                      Option development with the Report which strongly supports this Objective.
  and Culture
                                  Implicit within a District that is envisaged as providing for a high quality of life and communities where people want to
                    +       ++    live and work is that communities are safe and crime free. The Vision also refers to buildings and spaces being well
4 Community
                                  designed which are significant considerations in the development of safe communities and reduction in crime. The Vision
  Safety/Crime
                                  therefore implicitly supports the objective.
                                  The Vision is significant in guiding the development of a range of Policy Options within the Report that could have
                    +       ++    profound effects in the development of social capital. For example this includes reference to development of sustainable
5 Develop
                                  and balanced communities where housing meets local needs and improved accessibility and service provision exists for
  Social Capital
                                  both urban and rural communities. In doing so the vision strongly supports this objective.
                                                                                                        Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




                             The Vision explicitly refers to additional green and woodland spaces having been promoted in the interests of nature
                    +   ++   conservation and biodiversity. In addition to this the natural environment so integral to the nature of the District will have
6 Biodiversity               been protected and enhanced along with the provision of greener neighbourhoods all of which are in support of the
                             biodiversity objective.
                             The Vision makes mention of the District’s wealth of natural and built heritage having been complemented and the
7 Natural, built,   +   ++   District’s diverse culture and heritage been respected and promoted. The Vision therefore supports this objective.
  cultural,
  archaeological
  assets
                             The Vision incorporates the desire for prudent management of the Districts natural resources to have taken place firstly
                    +   ++   through the pattern of development envisaged. The Vision also states that development will have been environmentally
8 Natural
                             sensitive and resource efficient with energy consumptions and waste production minimised and opportunities for
  Resources
                             appropriate forms of renewable energy maximised, all in support of this objective.
                             The Vision incorporates the desire for prudent management of the Districts natural resources to have taken place firstly
                    +   ++   through the pattern of development envisaged. The Vision also states that development will have been environmentally
9 Waste and
                             sensitive and resource efficient with energy consumptions and waste production minimised and opportunities for
  Recycling
                             appropriate forms of renewable energy maximised, all in support of this objective.
                             The Vision incorporates the desire for prudent management of the Districts natural resources to have taken place firstly
                    +   ++   through the pattern of development envisaged. The Vision also states that development will have been environmentally
10 Energy                    sensitive and resource efficient with energy consumptions and waste production minimised and opportunities for
                             appropriate forms of renewable energy maximised, all in support of this objective.
                             Transport issues are considered within the Vision in terms of improving accessibility through utilisation of current
                    +   ++   infrastructure and the provision of new additional infrastructure required whilst the pattern of development envisaged is
11 Transport                 more sustainable which will lead to more sustainable transport choices being made. Thus the Vision supports this
                             particular sustainability objective.
                                                                                                               Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




                                    Central to the Vision is the creation of a District where people want to work. Furthermore it is envisaged that the District
                      +       ++    will have a successful, diverse economy providing employment opportunities to a local workforce, equipped with a wide
                                    range of skills arising from improved education, learning and training. Reference is also made to there having been
12 Employment
                                    economic investment attracted to the Sub-Regional Centre of Newark. Given this the support of the Vision for this
                                    Objective is clear.
                                    The Vision envisages that the District will have a successful, diverse economy providing employment opportunities to a
13 Enterprise         +       ++    local workforce, equipped with a wide range of skills arising from improved education, learning and training. This
   and                              especially in the longer-term should be supportive of the enterprise and innovation Objective.
   Innovation
                                    The Vision is supportive of the objective to deliver a modern economic structure for the District especially in terms of
14 Modern             +       ++    infrastructure provision.
   Economic
   Structure

POLICY AREA: Newark & Sherwood’s Vision
                 Given its broad and visionary nature the vision scored well in respect of most Sustainability Objectives (SAOs) especially over the long-
  Summary of     term where it is reasonable to assume that the full effects of the implementation of the Vision through the application of planning policy
   Appraisal     will be seen. There was nothing in the Vision that was inherently likely to conflict with any objective. The vision is also significant in
                 providing for the development of Policy Options that accord with and illustrate in more detail strong support for the sustainability
                 objectives.
                          Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




Appendix C:   Appraisal of Objectives
                                                                                                                 Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




Appraisal of Core Strategy Strategic Objectives

                        Objectives                                                         Why possible conflict (–) or uncertainty (?)
    Strategic Objective         Sustainability Appraisal
                                       Objective
4. To develop a strong,       1. Housing                     Potential conflicts between the desire to develop a strong economy and those objectives relating to
sustainable economy that 6. Biodiversity                     housing provision are both clear and evident. This is could particularly be the case where these two
will provide a diverse        7. Natural, built, cultural,   significant development types are competing for land. It is important that the Core Strategy and
range of employment           archaeological heritage        subsequent Development Plan Documents (particularly the Site Specific Land Allocations and Policies
opportunities for local       8. Natural Resources           DPD) ensure that both employment and housing land requirements are both well served, and where
people                        10. Energy                     such competition does occur, that the most sustainable option is pursued.

                                                             Development of a strong economy has the potential for obvious conflict with those objectives
                                                             Seeking to protect/enhance the District’s built and natural environment and to prudently exploit its
                                                             natural resources. It may be the case that it is not possible for this tension to be entirely resolved,
                                                             however the options pursued and decisions taken will need to balance and put in place mitigation
                                                             measures to minimise such conflict. Where possible the sustainability appraisal of the Core Strategy
                                                             should identify the possible mitigation measures that could be undertaken.

                                                             It should however be noted that all of the possible conflicts highlighted above are to an extent
                                                             dependent upon which locations are identified and pursued through the further development of the
                                                             Local Development Framework.
                                                                                                                  Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




5.To manage the release        6. Biodiversity                The release of land for new necessary development has the potential for a number of potential
of land for new housing,       7. Natural, built, cultural,   conflicts with the sustainability appraisal objectives.
employment and other           archaeological heritage
necessary development to       8. Natural resources           For example conflict is inevitable between the releases of land for development and the desire to
meet the needs of the          9. Waste and recycling         protect/enhance the District’s built and natural environment and to prudently exploit its natural
District to 2026, in general                                  resources. It may be the case that it is not possible for this tension to be entirely resolved, however
conformity with the East                                      the options pursued and decisions taken will need to balance and put in place mitigation measures to
Midlands Regional Plan                                        minimise such conflict. Where possible the sustainability appraisal of the Core Strategy should identify
and integrated with the                                       the possible mitigation measures that could be undertaken.
provision of new
supporting infrastructure.                                    It should however be noted that all of the possible conflicts highlighted above are to an extent
                                                              dependent upon which locations are identified and pursued through the further development of the
                                                              Local Development Framework.
6.To reinforce and             6. Biodiversity                Reinforcing Newark’s role as a Sub-Regional Centre with the result that the Town becomes the main
promote Newark’s role as       7. Natural, built, cultural,   focus for housing, employment and other development within the District has the potential to cause a
an important Sub-Regional      archaeological heritage        range of conflicts with sustainability appraisal objectives.
Centre, by ensuring that       8. Natural resources
the town is the main focus                                    For example conflict may be inevitable given the scale of development between the strategic
for new housing,                                              objective and those sustainability appraisal objectives that seek to protect/enhance the District’s built
employment, and other                                         and natural environment and to prudently exploit its natural resources, . It may be the case that it is
appropriate development                                       not possible for this tension to be entirely resolved, however the options pursued and decisions taken
within the District. Such                                     will need to balance and put in place mitigation measures to minimise such conflict. Where possible
development will be                                           the sustainability appraisal of the Core Strategy should identify the possible mitigation measures that
coordinated to ensure                                         could be undertaken.
sustainable development.
                                                                                                                 Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




7.To ensure that new,          6. Biodiversity                Potential conflicts between the desire to satisfy the District’s housing needs and those objectives that
well-designed residential      7. Natural, built, cultural,   relate to the District’s economy are both clear and evident. This is could particularly be the case
development helps to           archaeological heritage        where these two significant development types are competing for land, or where residential
satisfy the housing needs      8. Natural resources           development could constrain the provision of infrastructure for employment development. It is
of the District, providing a   12.Employment                  important that the Core Strategy and subsequent Development Plan Documents (particularly the Site
mix of types, sizes and        13. Enterprise and             Specific Land Allocations and Policies DPD) ensure that both employment and housing land
tenures                        Innovation                     requirements are both well served, and where such competition does occur, that the most
                               14. Infrastructure for         sustainable option is pursued.
                               Employment
                                                              Conflict may also be inevitable between the strategic objective relating to housing provision and
                                                              those sustainability appraisal objectives that seek to protect/enhance the District’s built and natural
                                                              environment and to prudently exploit its natural resources. It may be the case that it is not possible
                                                              for this tension to be entirely resolved, however the options pursued and decisions taken will need to
                                                              balance and put in place mitigation measures to minimise such conflict. Where possible the
                                                              sustainability appraisal of the Core Strategy should identify the possible mitigation measures that
                                                              could be undertaken.

                                                              It should however be noted that all of the possible conflicts highlighted above are to an extent
                                                              dependent upon which locations are identified and pursued through the further development of the
                                                              Local Development Framework.
10. To secure high quality     12.Employment                  A potential conflict between seeking to secure high quality design that reflects the District’s existing
design in new buildings        13. Enterprise and             local distinctiveness and particularly those sustainability objectives relating to employment provision,
and development form           Innovation                     enterprise and innovation and infrastructure for employment. The desire for aesthetically high quality
that will provide a built      14. Infrastructure for         development may be seen by some prospective developers as an additional constraint upon the
and natural environment        Employment                     financial viability of their proposals.
reflecting local
distinctiveness.
                                                                                              Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




11. To produce a District    1. Housing   Conflict may also be inevitable between the strategic objective relating to housing provision and
that is environmentally                   those sustainability appraisal objectives that seek to reduce the District’s impact upon the climate
sensitive where                           system. Though much can be done to limit the impact of residential development through the
opportunities are taken to                embedding of the principles of sustainable development into new development it may be the case
reduce our impact on the                  that it is not possible for this tension to be entirely resolved. Given this the options and decisions that
climate system, including                 are ultimately pursued and taken will need to balance and put in place mitigation measures to
the reduction of CO²                      minimise such conflict. Where possible the sustainability appraisal of the Core Strategy should identify
emissions and                             the possible mitigation measures that could be undertaken.
encouraging the use of
appropriate renewable
energy solutions, and to
adapt to the implications
of climate change.
                                                                                                                 Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




Appraisal of Core Strategy Area Objectives

                       Objectives                                                          Why possible conflict (–) or uncertainty (?)
    Strategic Objective        Sustainability Appraisal
                                      Objective
NA O1. To manage growth 6. Biodiversity                      Growth in and around the Newark Urban Area has potential to cause a range of conflicts with
in and around Newark         7. Natural, built, cultural,    sustainability appraisal objectives.
Urban Area (Newark,          archaeological heritage
Balderton and Fernwood) 8. Natural resources                 For example conflict may be inevitable given the scale of development between the strategic
and ensure that housing                                      objective and those sustainability appraisal objectives that seek to protect/enhance the District’s built
and employment growth                                        and natural environment and to prudently exploit its natural resources . It may be the case that it is
are developed alongside                                      not possible for this tension to be entirely resolved, however the options pursued and decisions taken
appropriate infrastructure                                   will need to balance and put in place mitigation measures to minimise such conflict. Where possible
and facilities.                                              the sustainability appraisal of the Core Strategy should identify the possible mitigation measures that
                                                             could be undertaken.

SoA 02. To support the        7. Natural, built, cultural,   The further development of the Brackenhurst Campus could potentially have a negative impact on the
sustainable development       archaeological heritage        setting of Southwell’s historic core and the natural heritage adjacent to the settlement. It is
of the Nottingham Trent                                      important that policy developed within the wider LDF includes criterion which sees to ensure that
University Brackenhurst                                      new development does not detrimentally affect the setting of the Campus or the town of Southwell.
Campus, both as a place
of learning and as a
potential driver for
economic growth in the
District.
                                                                                           Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




NFA 01 To protect the       1. Housing   A potential conflict exists between this strategic area objective and the sustainability appraisal
Green Belt from                          objective of contributing towards the meeting of the District’s housing need. Through a continued
inappropriate                            restriction of residential development within the Green Belt the ability to meet local housing need at
development, facilitating                source could in some cases be constrained. This could however be overcome through the
development to meet                      development of a policy approach within the Core Strategy and wider LDF that would allow for
local needs without                      appropriate development to meet local needs in the larger Green Belt settlements where the housing
promoting levels of                      need of the smaller Green Belt settlements could be met.
development which would
result in an increase in
commuting to the
Nottingham Principal
Urban Area.
                       Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




Appendix D: Appraisal of Core Strategy
            Alternative Options
                                                                                             Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




Key performance:
+++    Strong and significant beneficial impact
++     Potentially significant beneficial impact
+      Supports objective, but beneficial impact may be minor
0      Policy has no impact or effect is neutral
?      Uncertain or insufficient information on which to base the assessment at this stage
–      Conflicts with objective and may have adverse impacts
––     Potentially significant adverse impact
–––    Strong and significant adverse impact
                       Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




Appendix E: Glossary
                                             Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




Annual Monitoring Report (AMR)
Part of the LDF, the Annual Monitoring Report will assess the implementation of the
Local Development Scheme and the extent to which policies in Local Development
Documents are being successfully implemented.

Baseline
A description of the present and future state of an area, in the absence of any plan,
taking into account changes resulting from natural events and from other human
activities.

Community Strategy
Local authorities are required under the Local Government Act 2000 to prepare
these, with aim of improving the social, environmental and economic well being of
their areas. Through the Community Strategy, authorities are expected to coordinate
the actions of local public, private, voluntary and community sectors. Responsibility
for producing Community Strategies may be passed to Local Strategic Partnerships,
which include local authority representatives.

Consultation Body
An authority, which because of its environmental responsibilities is likely to be
concerned by the effects of implementing, plans and programmes and must be
consulted under the SEA Directive. The Consultation Bodies, designated in the SEA
Regulations are the, English Heritage, Environment Agency and Natural England.

Core Strategy
Sets out the long–term spatial vision for the local planning authority’s area, the
spatial objectives and strategic policies to deliver that vision. The Core Strategy will
have the status of a Development Plan Document.

Development control policies
These will be a suite of criteria–based policies which are required to ensure that all
development within the areas meets the spatial vision and spatial objectives set out
in the Core Strategy. They may be included in any Development Plan Document or
may form a standalone document.

Development Plan
As set out in Section 38(6) of the Act, an authority’s Development Plan consists of
the relevant Regional Spatial Strategy and the Development Plan Documents
contained within its LDF.
                                            Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




Development Plan Document (DPD)
Spatial planning documents that are subject to independent examination, and
together with the relevant Regional Spatial Strategy, will form the Development Plan
for a local authority area. They can include a Core Strategy, Site Specific Allocations
of land, and other Development Plan Documents, such as generic development
control policies. They will all be shown geographically on an adopted Proposals Map.
Individual Development Plan Documents or parts of a document can be reviewed
independently from other Development Plan Documents. Each authority must set
out the programme for preparing its Development Plan Documents in the Local
Development Scheme.

Environmental Report
Document required by the SEA Directive as part of an environmental assessment,
which identifies, describes and appraises the likely significant effects on the
environment of implementing a plan or programme. See SA Report.

Indicator
A measure of variables over time, often used to measure achievement of objectives.

Local Development Documents (LDD)
The collective name for Development Plan Documents and Supplementary Planning
Documents.

Local Development Framework (LDF)
The name for the portfolio of Local Development Documents: it consists of
Development Plan Documents, Supplementary Planning Documents, a Statement of
Community Involvement, the Local Development Scheme and Annual Monitoring
Reports. Together these documents will provide the framework for delivering the
spatial planning strategy for a local authority area and may also include Local
Development Orders and Simplified Planning Zones.

Local Development Scheme (LDS)
Sets out the Council’s programme for preparing Local Development Documents. All
authorities must submit a Scheme to the Secretary of State for approval within six
months of commencement of the Planning & Compulsory Purchase Act 2004.

NSDC
Newark and Sherwood District Council

Objective
A statement of what is intended, specifying the desired direction of change in trends.
                                           Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




Proposals Map
The adopted Proposals Map illustrates on a base map (reproduced from, or based
upon a map base to a registered scale) all the policies contained in Development
Plan Documents, together with any saved policies. It must be revised as each new
Development Plan Document is adopted, and it should always reflect the up–to–date
planning strategy for the area. Proposals for changes to the adopted Proposals Map
accompany submitted Development Plan Documents in the form of a submission
Proposals Map.

Regional Spatial Strategy (RSS)
Sets out the region’s policies in relation to the development and use of land and
forms part of the Development Plan for local planning authorities. The Core Strategy
Development Plan Document must conform with the Regional Spatial Strategy.

Scoping
The process of deciding the scope and level of detail of an SA, including the
sustainability effects and options which need to be considered, the assessment
methods to be used, and the structure and contents of the SA Report

SEA Directive
European Directive 2001/42/EC ‘on the assessment of the effects of certain plans
and programmes on the environment’.

Statement of Community Involvement (SCI)
Sets out the standards which authorities will achieve with regard to involving local
communities in the preparation of Local Development Documents and development
control decisions. The Statement of Community Involvement is not a Development
Plan Document but is subject to independent examination.

Supplementary Planning Document (SPD)
Provides supplementary information in respect of the policies in Development Plan
Documents. They do not form part of the Development Plan and are not subject to
an independent examination.

Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)
A generic term used to describe environmental assessment as applied to policies,
plans and programmes. The European ‘SEA Directive’ (2001/42/EC) requires a formal
‘environmental assessment of certain plans and programmes, including those in the
field of planning and land use’.

Sustainability Appraisal (SA)
A tool for appraising policies to ensure they reflect sustainable development
objectives (i.e. social, environmental and economic factors) and required in the Act
to be undertaken for all local development documents. Sustainability Appraisal will
be undertaken alongside Strategic Environmental Assessment.
                                         Sustainability Appraisal of the Newark and Sherwood LDF




Sustainability Appraisal Report
Term used in this guidance to describe a document required to be produced as part
of the SA process to describe and appraise the likely significant effects on
sustainability of implementing a plan, which also meets the requirement for the
Environmental Report under the SEA Directive.

				
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