The Halifax Citadel

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Constructed between 1828 and
1856, the Halifax citadel is an
impressive star-shaped masonry
structure complete with defensive
ditch, earthen ramparts, musketry
gallery, powder magazine, garrison
cells, guard room, barracks and
school room.
   Entrance Gate & Information Centre

- The present Citadel in 1856,
but since the founding of
Halifax in 1749 several
fortresses were build on the

- On the first floor of the
Cavalier building you find
the Information Center and
gift shop.

            1st Floor & Outside

- On the second floor of
the Cavalier building you
will find the Army
Museum with display of
Armour through the ages.
- You can walk around
the walls, see the
cannons, viewing
platforms, the casements
and the Musketry
     Musicians & Look off Views

- One thing you must
like is the music of

- From the outer walls
viewing platforms you can
look far on Halifax
surroundings like Georges
Island, another former
British fortress.
                       Town Clock
To find the Citadel, drive to downtown
Halifax and look for Sackville Street near
the corner of Brunswick Street. If you
are walking, look for the Town Clock
just below the Citadel on the Harbour
side and the signal flags flying high atop
the Citadel wall corner ramparts. A set of
stairs begins just below the Town Clock
and continues above it to the fort
entrance. Pedestrian access is also
available at the Sackville Street entrance
and tour buses disembark visitors at a
small parking lot near the fort gates.
           Closing Time

At the end of the
day the closing
of the fortress
will be loudly
announced by the
   From the time of its
    founding in 1749 through to
    the late 19th century, Halifax
    was one of four principal
    overseas naval stations in
    the British empire. Military
    authorities built a system of
    coastal fortifications in and
    around this strategic port to
    defend the harbor and its
    approaches, with a mighty
    citadel to serve as a
    command post and to ward

    off a landward attack.
         The Halifax Citadel
     The present citadel was completed in 1856, and is
the fourth in a series of forts to occupy the hill
overlooking the town. .
At the height of its influence in the mid-Victorian era,
the citadel was the headquarters of one of the Halifax
garrison’s two infantry regiments and an important
center of operations in the garrison. This garrison
consisted of many different British units over the
course of its operation who generally were posted to
Halifax for a two year period. Two of these units were
the 78th highland regiment of foot and the 3rd brigade
royal artillery.
 Halifax Historical Background
     Founded in 1749, Halifax is steeped in British
military tradition. A magnificent statue of Winston
Churchill in front of the Spring Garden road
memorial public library is a lasting testament to the
British connection, and the union jack flies on
buildings throughout the city.

The city's protected harbor was ideally suited to stave
off invaders. Halifax's active involvement with naval
affairs began in 1758, when a large dockyard area was
built. The following year, Halifax operated as a base
for British forces attacking the French fort at nearby
     The Harbourside market
     In the 17th and 18th centuries, privateers used Halifax to
unload pirated booty. Permitted to keep a portion of the stolen
goods, they shipped the rest to Britain. Harbourside market at
privateers wharf is now a popular shopping district. Further
south on the waterfront is the brewery, where gigantic barrels of
plunder were transferred to ships Britain bound. Today it is
home to the Halifax farmers' market and Alexander Keith's
brewery tour.

      The Halifax citadel, sits high above the streets of Halifax.
Within its ironstone walls and ramparts are a military museum,
garrison cells, soldiers' barracks and a fully restored powder
magazine. At the foot of citadel hill, the old clock tower is the
city's most distinctive landmark, built by the punctuality-
conscious prince Edward, duke of Kent, in 1803.

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