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					Village Settlers
      Anglo-Saxon place names:
  Soon after the Anglo-Saxon invasion (from what
  is now Germany), the inhabitants gave their
  settlements new names.
The most common Saxon place names are those
  ending in -ton (fenced area), -wick (dwelling), -
  ham (home), -worth(homestead), -den(pasture),
  -hurst(wooded hill), and -burn(stream).
Some settlement names began with more than one
  word which either stated the owner or described
  a physical description of the area and would
  later evolve into one word.
One example of this evolution would be the word
  Chatham which was originally Ceatta's Ham
  (Ceatta's home).
LO: To find evidence on maps about
       historical settlements
Britain has seen its fair share of invaders and
 settlers, and especially place names provide
 interesting glimpses into the early settlement of
 Britain.
Your task today is to find these traces of history on
modern maps, maybe even working out the
meaning of some place names.
Which names stem from which group of
invaders/settlers?
     Celtic               Roman               Anglo-Saxon                   Viking
Tor-: rocky place   -chester: Roman          -ham or – ingham:        -by: farmstead
e.g. Torquay        town or fortress         homestead                e.g. Grimsby
                    e.g. Chichester          e.g. Birmingham
Pen-: headland      -street (or strat or –   -ton or –ington:         -thwaite: hamlet
e.g. Penzance       stret) : Roman road      Farmstead                e.g. Braithwaite
                                             e.g. Leamington
Avon: river         -coln: a settlement      -ing: settlement         -thorpe: village
                    e.g. Lincoln             e.g.                     e.g. Scunthorpe


aber-: mouth of a   porta (-port): a gate    -bury: fortified         -toft: homestead
river                                        place, manor             e.g. Lowestoft
                                             e.g. Salisbury
-coombe: a deep     portus (-port): a        -stead: enclosure,       -wick: farm
valley              harbour                  place                    e.g. Keswick
e.g. Hollycoombe                             e.g. Hampstead
glen-: a narrow                              -ley, -leigh: clearing
valley                                       (or later: meadow)
                                             e.g. Eastleigh
                 Weblinks:
http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/english/ins/epntest/ke
  ytoepn.html

www.anglosaxondiscovery.ashmolean.org/Life/sett
 lement/placenames.html

				
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posted:9/18/2011
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