Integumentary system (PowerPoint)

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					The Integumentary
          System
Integumentary System
Includes the
      Skin, Hair & Nails
Functions to
protect
 gives moisture
 keeps germs out
 nails protect finger tips
regulate body temp
get rid of wastes (sweat)
  Injuries to the
 Integumentary
         System
(Wounds & Burns)
Wounds
Scrapes
 most common wound
 usually don’t bleed much
 dirt and germs rubbed in
 important to clean well to
  prevent infection
Wounds
Cuts
 may have either jagged
  or smooth edges
 caused by sharp objects
 usually bleed freely
Wounds
Avulsion
  a cut in which a portion
  of skin or soft tissue is
  partially or completely torn
  away
 significant bleeding
Wounds
Puncture
 caused by a pointed
  object (impaled object)
 do not bleed a lot
 easily infected
       Treatment of
           Wounds
Control bleeding &
Prevent Infection
Burns
May damage only the top
 layer of skin or
damage skin and layers
 underneath
Burns
First degree
 only top layer of skin
 skin is red and dry
 sunburn
Burns
Second degree
 top layers of skin
 red skin with blisters
 may open and weep clear
  fluid
Burns
Third degree
 destroys all layers of skin
  and any or all underlying
  structures
 look black or charred
Burns
Severity affected by the
 location on the body
 size of the burn
 victims age and medical
  condition
Burns
Critical burns need
 immediate medical attention
Can be life threatening
Critical Burns
affect breathing
cover multiple body parts
 head, neck, hand, feet, genitals
on a child or elderly person
caused by chemicals,
 explosions or electricity
Treatment of
      Burns
Treatment
Stop the burning
Cool the burning
Cover the burn
Don’t
ice      clean
clean    break
remove   ointment

				
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posted:9/18/2011
language:English
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