Appliances by yaoyufang


  Chapter 9
                    Safety Seals
   Manufacturers hire
    independent companies
    to test their products
   When products pass
    safety tests they earn a
   Buy products from well
    known manufacturers at
    reputable dealers
   Look for safety seals
   Warranty – a seller’s promise that a product will be free
    of defects and perform as specified
   Full warranty – issuer will repair or replace a faulty
    product free of charge
   Limited warranty – states conditions under which the
    issuer will service, repair, or replace an appliance
   Check to see if the warranty covers just parts, the whole
    product, labor costs
   Note the length of the warranty
              Service Contracts
   Like an insurance policy for major appliances
    that you can buy from the appliance dealer
   Covers the cost of needed repairs for a period
    after the warranty expires
   Find out if it covers both parts and labor
   Is it good if you sell the appliance? If you move
    out of service area?
                  Energy Labeling
   EnergyGuide labels –
    FTC requirements on
    many major appliances
       Shows the yearly energy
        use estimates
       Required on refrigerators,
        freezers, and dishwashers
       Lets you compare similar
        models to see which is the
        most energy efficient and
        less costly to operate
Energy Star
         EPA (environmental
          protection agency) and DOE
          (department of energy) run
          this label program
         Found on refrigerators,
          freezers, and dishwashers
         Labels not required, all
          labeled products must exceed
          federal minimum energy
         Must perform just as well as
          similar appliances but use less
      Gas ranges require both
       a gas line and 120-volt
       electrical circuit

      Electric ranges require
       240-volt electrical circuit.
       Can be glass-ceramic top
       or coils
   Have finished sides so
    you can have them at the
    end of a counter
   Look built-in when
    placed between counters
   Most popular style
Slide-in Ranges

           Slide-in ranges sit on the
           Available in gas or
           Some have a single oven
            and some have two
                Drop-in Ranges

   Drop-in ranges sit on a
    cabinet base
   Available in gas or
   Some have a single oven
    and some have two
               Convection Oven
   Convection cooking uses
    a stream of heated air to
    bake and roast foods
   Saves energy, reduces
    cook time, and promotes
    more even cooking

        Separate cooktops and
        May be built into a wall
         or a countertop or island
        Separate units offer
         greater flexibilty
   Self-cleaning ovens – use very high temperatures
    to burn away spills
       Consumer must wipe away a small amount of ash
   Continuous cleaning ovens – have specially
    coated walls
     Food spills oxidize over time during normal
     Cost less than self-cleaning ovens but some find
      them less effective
   Microwaves can defrost, cook, and reheat food in a
    fraction of the time required by conventional ovens
   Saves 75% of the energy used by ovens
                  Microwave Styles

   Countertop microwaves are the most popular and offer
    the greatest features
   Over-the-range microwaves – two types
       Type 1 - Above the stove with a light and a vent
       Type 2 – The top half of a built-in oven unit
   A refrigerators’ main job is to keep foods cold
    and slow food spoilage
   To ensure food safety, keep both the inside and
    outside of the refrigerator clean
   Each time you open the refrigerator door you
    raise the temperature of the fridge by letting
    warm air in
   Fresh food compartment 37°F – 40°F Freezer
    compartment 0°F – 5°F
          Top-mount Refrigerator

   The freezer is located
    above the refrigerator

   Most common style

   Most energy efficient
Side-by-side Refrigerator
                The freezer is located
                 next to the refrigerator

                Provides more freezer

                Narrow compartments
                 may make it hard to
                 store large items
       Bottom-mount Refrigerator
   Freezer is located
    beneath the refrigerator

   Places refrigerated foods
    at a height easier to reach

   Fewer models available
Single Door Refrigerator
               Do not have a true freezer,
                instead frozen storage

               Compartments sealed by
                inner doors

               Cold enough to freeze ice
                and keep foods frozen for up
                to one week
   Frost Free – frost does not accumulate
   Manual Defrost – to save energy only defrost when ¼ inch of ice
   Automatic ice-makers
   Ice and water dispensers
   Temperature-controlled compartments
   Available in two styles
    chest and upright

   Chest – allows easy
    storage for large, bulky

   Upright – easier to
    organize for quick
    storage and easy removal
         Built-in – most popular
          type of dishwasher
             Permanently connected to
         Portable – designed to
          roll to the sink for use
             Connects to sink faucet
              with a hose and drains
              into the sink

   Adjustable racks – accommodates dishes of all
   Delay-start – program the dishwasher to start at
    a later time
   Hard food disposal – grinds food particles, so
    you don’t need to rinse the dishes
   Water-heat booster – raises the temperature of
    the wash above 140°F
                Features cont.
   Timer – shows how much time is left in the
    wash cycle

   Sound insulation – provides a quieter operation

   No-heat drying – saves as much as 1/3 of the
    energy used for drying
      Portable Kitchen Appliances
   Is the appliance made by reputable manufacturer?
   Does it come with a warranty?
   Who provides servicing when the appliance needs repair?
   Will you use the appliance frequently?
   Does another appliance you already have do the same job?
   Do you have adequate, convenient storage space for it?
   Does the appliance have adequate power to do the intended job?
   Does it have a convenient size and shape?
   Is it sturdy and well balanced?
   Are parts easy to assemble for operation?
   Does it have quality construction features?
   Does it have safety features and a safety seal?
         Toasters & Toaster Ovens
   Toaster – most common
    kitchen appliance
       Two or four slice models

   Toaster ovens – bake or
    broil small food items
Electric Mixers
           Stand Mixer – hands
            free, heavy duty mixing
               Many attachments
                choppers, juicers, ice
                cream makers, pasta
           Hand Mixer – smaller,
            lighter, and less

   Blenders do not
    incorporate air into food
    like mixers

   Should have a removable
    container made of
    molded heat-resistant
    glass or plastic
Food Processor
          Performs many time
           consuming jobs quickly
           and easily

          Look for safety features,
           a dishwasher safe
           container and disks or

   Electric percolator – hot
    water is repeatedly pumped
    over a perforated basket
    holding ground coffee

   Automatic drip coffeemaker
    – hot water slowly drips
    down through ground coffee
    into a pot
Electric Can Opener
             Opens cans quickly and

             A magnet holds the lid
              for easy removal

             Many can openers
              sharpen knives
                 Electric Skillets
   Thermostat controls the
    temperature throughout
    the entire cooking

   Skillet should have a high
    dome lid to provide
    maximum capacity and
Slow Cookers

         Versatile, timesaving
         Combine ingredients in
          the morning and the
          meal is done in the
         Two heat setting, high
          and low, some have a
          warm setting
                Bread Machines
   Bread machines mix and
    knead dough, allow it to
    rise and then bakes

   Manual settings allows
    you to make dough for
    pizza, rolls, and other
    yeast products
                    Other Appliances
   Pasta maker                Coffee grinder

   Cappuccino maker           Ice cream maker

   Electric tea kettle        Waffle maker

   Ice tea maker              Electric grill

   Electric wok               Popcorn popper

   Electric knives

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