The design process
This is a series of stages that you follow throughout your
D&T projects. You need to know the stages and understand
what they are, it comes up every year in the exam.
This presentation will take you through the stages and
explain each one.
This is a simple statement saying exactly what you are
going to do in the project. At KS3 you will probably be
given a design brief but at KS4 you will be expected to
Write your own. The design brief should outline the major
Factors in the project.
Eg: I am going to design, make and evaluate a jewellery box
To go in my bedroom. The unit should have space for earrings,
Rings and necklaces as well as bracelets. The unit should be
Small enough to fit on my bedside cabinet and should be modern
In style to fit in with my bedroom. The jewellery box should be
made within my budget of £15.
This is where you think of all possibilities to do with
your project, the limitations and the options available to
You. You need to consider things such as materials, sizes,
Safety and cost amongst other things.
The analysis is often in the form of a bubble/ spider diagram.
For this part of the project you need to gather information
that will help you design and make your project. You could
Find out things like:
•Finding out about different materials and their properties
•How to join different materials together
•How to form and shape materials
•Looking at similar existing products
•Asking your target audience questions
•Finding out important sizes
It is important that you only include useful information. You
Will not get marks if it is not useful to your project!!
This is basically a list of things that your final product
should fulfil. A specification could be divided into
‘Essential’ and ‘Desirable’ (the essential being really
Important and the desirable making it better). It is also
Important that all specifications are fully justified (you
Give a reason for them).
Eg; My table could have a drawer for storage that I could
Keep my magazines in
My Cabinet could have a glass door to display my trophies
You need to come up with a broad and imaginative range of
ideas for what You want to make. All ideas should be labelled
and should be clearly drawn Out. You don’t have to worry
about details too much at this stage or how you Are going to
make it. That comes at the next stage.
This is where you look at your best idea in detail and start
To add more detail. You might change the way it looks, start
Thinking about the way it will be made and generally add
Enough detail so that it could be made. It is important that
Development is done in a step by step approach.
This is a final drawing of what you are going to make
And should include all construction details and sizes.
To go with a final design you should also have a working
Drawing (a 2D orthographic drawing with sizes) and a
Detailed cutting list (a list of all the materials and sizes
You will need).
The important thing to think about is you need to include
Enough detail so that a total stranger who knows nothing
About your design could make it.
This is where you start to think about how you will make
your project. You will need to consider how much time you
Have, what materials and equipment you will need and how
you are going to check that the item is of a good quality.
You also need to think carefully about the order you will
Make it in as if you don’t things can get really complicated.
Always double check your planning with either a teacher or
This is where you actually make your final design. It is
Important that you do not rush this stage and complete
Your item to the highest possible standard. If your
Planning is good this stage should go smoothly!
Even though this is the last stage of the project
Evaluation should be happening in all of your work
(for example you will evaluate similar products, you will
Evaluate your design ideas as you go along).
At the end of your project you will produce a report
Based on what you have achieved and you will also compare
Your finished product against your original brief and
Specification. You will also think about what you could have
done better in your project and if you could change anything
what it would be.