SIGNS OF THE TIMES

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					Signs of the Times
Luke 21.5-38

Beautiful Temple


“the temple was adorned with beautiful stones and with gifts dedicated to God” (21.5).
– The reason the disciples noted these stones was because they were new; “Because [the temple] was still under construction when Jesus was in Jerusalem, it is possible that the reference to the beautiful stones was to the stones that were not yet lifted into place” for “the temple was completed in A.D. 63” (Evans 1990: 312).

Beautiful Temple


“Now the outward face of the temple in its front lacked nothing that was likely to surprise either men's minds or their eyes: for it was covered all over with plates of gold of great weight, and, at the first rising of the sun, reflected back a very fiery splendour, and made those who forced themselves to look upon it to turn their eyes away, just as they would have done at the sun's own rays.

Beautiful Temple


But this temple appeared to strangers, when they were coming to it at a distance, like a mountain covered with snow; for as to those parts of it that were not golden, they were exceedingly white. On its top it had spikes with sharp points, to prevent any pollution of it by birds sitting upon it. Of its stones, some of them were forty-five cubits in length, five in height, and six in breadth”
(Josephus, The Jewish War 5.222-224).

Beautiful Temple Destroyed


“As for what you see here, the time will come when not one stone will be left on another; every one of them will be thrown down” (21.6).

– “On the ninth day of the fifth month (August 5), the anniversary of the destruction of the first temple by the Babylonians, the sanctuary was set on fire by invaders. A month later the whole city was in Titus‟s hands. The arch of Titus on the east end of the Forum in Rome depicts the table of showbread and seven-branched lampstands from the temple being carried in the triumphal procession” (Ferguson 2003: 421 [cf. Josephus, The Jewish War 1]).

Hasn’t this happened before?


Israel rejects Yahweh
 destruction of Jerusalem temple


586 BC



Israel rejects Jesus
 destruction of Jerusalem temple


70 AD

Rejection of Temple Capstone


“„The stone the builders rejected has become the capstone‟” (20.17 [Ps 118.22]).

Persecution, etc.
Lk 21.8, 11-12a, 12b-15 Earlier in Luke

“There will be great earthquakes, famines and pestilences in various places, and fearful events and great signs from heaven” (v.11).

“For the Son of Man in his day will be like the lightning, which flashes and lights up the sky from one end to the other” (17.24).

Persecution, etc.
Lk 21.8, 11-12a, 12b-15 Later in Luke

“There will be great earthquakes, famines and pestilences in various places, and fearful events and great signs from heaven” (v.11).

“It was now about the sixth hour, and darkness came over the whole land until the ninth hour, for the sun stopped shining. And the curtain of the temple was torn in two” (23.44-45).

Persecution, etc.
Lk 21.8, 11-12a, 12b-15 Earlier in Luke

“But before all this, they will lay hands on you and persecute you” (v.12).

“But first he must suffer many things and be rejected by this generation” (17.25a).

Persecution, etc.
Lk 21.8, 11-12a, 12b-15 Later in Luke

“But before all this, they will lay hands on you and persecute you” (v.12).

“The men who were guarding Jesus began mocking and beating him” … “Then Herod and his soldiers ridiculed and mocked him. (22.63; 23.11a).

Persecution, etc.
Lk 21.8, 11-12a, 12b-15 Earlier in Luke

“They will deliver you to synagogues and prisons, and you will be brought before kings and governors, and all on account of my name. This will result in your being witnesses to them” (v.12b-13).

“When you are brought before synagogues, rulers and authorities,” (12.11a)

Persecution, etc.
Lk 21.8, 11-12a, 12b-15 Later in Luke

“They will deliver you to synagogues and prisons, and you will be brought before kings and governors, and all on account of my name. This will result in your being witnesses to them” (v.12b-13).

“Then seizing him, they led him away and took him into the house of the high priest” … “So Pilate decided to grant their demand.” (22.54a; 23.24).

Persecution etc.
Lk 21.8, 11-12a, 12b-15 Earlier in Luke

“But make up your mind not to worry beforehand how you will defend yourselves” (v.14)

“do not worry about how you will defend yourselves or what you will say,” (12.11b)

Persecution etc.
Lk 21.8, 11-12a, 12b-15 Later in Luke

“But make up your mind not to worry beforehand how you will defend yourselves” (v.14)

“Jesus answered, „If I tell you, you will not believe me, and if I asked you, you would not answer‟” (22.6768a).

Persecution etc.
Lk 21.8, 11-12a, 12b-15 Earlier in Luke

“For I will give you words and wisdom that none of your adversaries will be able to resist or contradict” (v.15).

“for the Holy Spirit will teach you at that time what you should say” (12.12).

Persecution etc.
Lk 21.8, 11-12a, 12b-15 Later in Luke

“For I will give you words and wisdom that none of your adversaries will be able to resist or contradict” (v.15).

“They all asked, „Are you then the Son of God?‟ He replied, „You are right in saying I am.‟ … So Pilate asked Jesus, „Are you the king of the Jews?‟ „Yes, it is as you say,‟ Jesus replied” (22.70; 23.3).

Persecution? Here?


“Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will never pass away” (21.33)
//



“It is easier for heaven and earth to disappear than for the least stroke of a pen to drop out of the Law” (16.17).

Persecution? Here?


Righteous are “able to stand before the Son of Man” (21.36c)
//



“the wicked will not stand in the judgment,” (Psa 1.5a).


				
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