OPTIMAL USE OF LOCAL
RESOURCES FOR LOW
AAKASHDEEP SEVA SANSTHAN
NEW LINK ROAD,PITHORAGARH .
VISION : Balance the Social & Economic status of the
marginalized communities with emphasis on SC/ ST/ OBCs
We efford to established the bridge remove gap
between lab & land and facilitate low cost and safer
constructions to rural mass .
MISSION : Prioritization of immediate community needs
and to address them in an approach enabling them to
Issues & Opportunities
Need for energy efficiency and environmental
protection in manufacturing technologies.
Need to develop cost effective construction
technologies to mitigate the effects of natural
Need to create employment and skill improvement
opportunities leading to poverty alleviation.
Need to substitute expensive & scarce building
materials,and components by low cost locally
available materials to suit local design typologies.
CRITERIA FOR LOW COST HOUSING
Reduce the cost of construction and at the sametime not
sacrifice any element of safety or serviceability of the house
over the life cycle.
There is need for adoption of :
affordable and adaptable
appropriate technologies in Con struction
Various aspects for cost
Optimisation of land use
Functional design of buildings
Optimum use of building materials
Rationalisation of specifications
New construction materials with low
Advantages of Low Cost Housing
Low energy and emissions
Goals and Objectives
A simple appropirate model which may be taken
to be the much cheaper fulfilling the minimum
living conditions is suggested here.so discuss
techology with rural mass or where rises the
demand such a technology which will be much
cheaper and within their means.
To establish appropriate mechanisms for
promoting investment and technology transfer
in the area of innovative and cost effective
building materials based on agro – industrial
Promotion of Technology for Low Cost
MUD BRICKS SCEB MCR TILES
Low Cost Building Materials
Easy to manufacture .
Easy affordability .
Easy Erection/commissioning .
Faster & cheaper construction .
Effective Waste utilization .
Energy efficient and Environment
Characteristics of mud bricks
• Low embodied energy (bricks are sun-dried) .
• Low transport cost and energy requirements (local materials are
• Easy methods to learn and share (children as young as 3 have
• Easy to repair, modify, and add new design features .
• Labour not capital-intensive (i.e. accessible technology for the
• Versatile and lends itself easily to creative design and artistic
• Cooler in the summer due to thicker walls .
The earth material is free, save for the labour
Costs incurred in excavating the soil.
1.ADVANTAGE it is truly a low cost technology
50% cheaper than the conventional roofing tiles
are light-weighthave good acoustic qualities
2.ADVANTAGE and are easy to lay.
micro-concrete roofing (MCR) tiles and the rammed earth
3.ADVANTAGE construction tcehnoloy arge set to revolutionise the
Building materials and construction sector in this region.
Stabilized Compressed Earth Blocks
The Stabilised Compressed Earth Block (SCEB) Technology
offers a cost effective, environmentally sound masonry system.
The stabilised compressed earth block has a wide application
in construction for walling, roofing, arched openings, corbels
Stabilised earth blocks are manufactured by compacting raw
material earth mixed with a stabilised such as cement or lime
under a pressure of 20 – 40 kg/cm using manual soil press
such as Balram.
These interlocking blocks are highly suitable for speedy and
mortar less construction.
SCEB technology helps in offsetting the use of fuel wood that
is getting expensive
USEAGE OF SCEB ‘S CONCERTE
To upgrade the rural traditional Kutcha houses.
To introduce cost-effective and durability houses
an alternative of burnt bricks.
To demonstrate and popularise the technology
of stabilised mud blocks using locally available
To uplift the poor people with standard houses
of the technology
To impart the technology to rural artisans for
Area to be Covered under Proposal
Bin, Munakote, Gangolihat, Didihat,
Dharchula, Munsiyari, Kanalichina & Berinag
05 Villages in each block
UTILIZATION OF LOCALLY AVAILABLE RESOURCES
Artisan provide Research with
the training After that Participating
will Construction made Institute
be used by them
Cost Comparison chart
SR MAIN ITEMS CONCRETE BLOCKS & BRICK SCEB(MUD BLOCK CONSTRUCTION)
1 SAND HUGE QUANTITY REQUIRED+VERY VERY SMALL QUANTITY –LOCALLY
HIGH RATE+HEAD LOAD CARTAGE AVAILABLE AND SUIT SCEB’S
2 GRIT -----------DO----------- --------------DO------
3 CEMENT IT IS 8+TIMES THE QUANTITY COMPARATIVELY VERY SMALL QUANTITY
REQUIRED FOR SCEB’S HEAD LOAD +HEAD LOAD
4 FLOOR CONCRETE HIGH RATES MUD FLOOR
5 STONE IF REQUIRED –HIGH RATES LOCALLY AVAILABLE
6 LABOUR UN+SEMI SKILEED VERY HIGH RATES MUCH CHEAPER BECAUSE LOCALLYMASON
CAN CAN UNDERTAKE THE WORK DUE TO
ENGAGHEMENT WITH MUD TECHNOLOGY
7 STEEL VERY HIGH RATE AND HEAD LOAD NOT REQUIRED
8 WOOD HIGH RATES LOCALLY USED DISMANTLED BUILDING
MATERIAL ECONOMICAL DESIGN
9 BRICK HIGH RATE +HEAD LOAD CARTAGE NOT REQUIRED
10 SCEB’S NOT REQUIRED LOCAL MANUFACTURE WITH AVAILABLE
LOCAL RESOURCES THEREFORE NO HEAD
LOAD CARTAGE INVOLVE
11 DOOR/WINDOWS WOOD/PLYWOOD ,VERY HIGH RATES LOCALLY AVAILABLE TIMBER
12 ROOFING R.C.C+VERY LABOUR CHARGES R.C.C +VERY HIGH RATES
13 PAINTS ETC. HIGH RATES LIMC/MUD LOCALLY AVAILABLE
Role of Science &Technology in
Reduce Construction cost by reduce labour cost,
material cost .
Safer construction in earthquake prone area.
Reused of dismantled material.
Renovation of deteriorated construction at
much lower cost.
No noise hazards during rain.
Prospect of rain water harvesting.
MCR tiles durability as good as concrete.
Advantage of Technology
ECO-FRIENDLY EMPLOYMENT ENVIRONMENT
Reduce Construction cost by reduce labour cost, material
Renovation at much lower price.
Financially within the reach of poor.
substitute expensive & scarce building materials and
components by low cost locally available
Employment generation for local artisan & youth.
• Simple machines – saves energy in production .
• Raw Materials – derived from agro-industrial
wastes and natural fibres, requires less energy in
• Products – when used in house, buildings provide
better thermal comfort that results in conservation
of operational energy.
Converts agro-industrial waste into alternative material
for low cost housing, thus improving waste management
& environmental protection.
Utilises local resources.
Substitutes wood – preserving forest cover .
Substitutes top soil – preserving soil for agriculture
Clean and Safe environment increase the health safety.
Prospects for rain water harvesting.
No noise hazards during rain.
Simple machines – with manual handling, increases
employment for unskilled and semi-skilled workers.
Small enterprises – can be set up at decentralized
Production of components – involves local people
after short training.
Employment generation for local artisans and youth.
Science Technology Input
Technology intervention in
Determiation of Optimun Customized Moulds &
Use locally available material
& Material Testing
Awareness Generation among Rural
Masses for Technology Transfer
• Trained Students for Careers promotion of
low cost Houses in Construction Technology
Disaster Mitigation & Management
Damage Assessment Studies &Technology
Guidelines/Manuals on Disaster Resistant
Building Byelaws/ Regulations .
Capacity Building Repair, econstruction and
Publicize the proposal and invite enquiry at one end..
Awareness generation among rural mass throught
demostration unit with focus on rural stratra.
Selection of local artisans for training .
one day workshop will conducted for youth to mobilize them
market the technology.
After the training of artisans simple construction at block
level in block office premises will be carried out.
Science & Technology inputs will be from the stage of usage
of local resources to the preparation of building material
enabling a low cost construction process .
Expected Outcome of Regional
Identification of local resource based new
Skill development through demonstration &
Saving in energy & material by adoption of
pre-fabricated building components.
Skill upgradation of local workers for
implementation of disaster resistant housing
Regional Cooperation Framework –Demand Driven
Sharing of experience, expertise and technologies
for manufacturing of building materials using agro–
industrial wastes and employment generation
potential of machines through micro and small
enterprises Regions to facilitate and promote
Procurement of technical know : how and
dialogue on latest Development
Our community in PAR Research
Methodology covering emerging
topics (Land Titling-Informal
We are asking for your support for this project to
help children and a whole community, through the
construction of a center of knowledge and learning
Benefit of rural Mass
• Financially within the reach of the poor.
• Employment generation for local artisans and
• No noise hazards during rains.
• Prospects of rain water harvesting
• Renovation of deteriorated constructions at much
lower cost .
• Clean and safe environment with increased health
safety Uniform Shape and Size.
• Sharp edges and Curves – good outlook.
• Consistency in quality.
MAINTANCE CHARGES & AND SUCH
OTHER CHARGES FROM BENEFICIARY .
TOTAL RECURRING COST
TOTAL NON RECURRING COST
DURATION FOR COMPLESION
3 YEARS FROM DATE OF SANCTION
DR.L.M PANT OF PAHAR GROUP.
NIRMAN GROUP :ENGNEERING ‘S
GROUP AS PLANNER (registered).
EDUCATION AND RESEARCH BY
PARTICIPANTING INSTITUTE DST &
The Re-branding and change process can only
be realized with the help of you thanks to
the support, Participation and active
DST entire staff (management and support
DST Executive Committee.
The donor community.
Thank you for
your kind attention