Billy by yaoyufang

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									The Apartment
   Billy Wilder, 1960
           Billy Wilder

• Over 50 films an 6 academy awards
• Born June 22, 1906 Samuel Wilder,
  grew up Austro-Hungarian Empire
• Father, Max died in 1926 and his
  mother Eugenia who spent a great deal
  of time in America told him stories and
  began his fascination with the US
• Nick Named Billie for Buffalo Bill
      Beginning of Career


• Started out as a journalist
• Received his first break as a filmmaker
  in Germany in 1929: MENSCHEN AM
  SONTAG (People on Sunday)
• Rise of the Nazis forced him to move to France,
  and ultimately to the United States
He worked on and off until 1938, when he began a long
and fruitful collaboration with Charles Brackett. Their
partnership, which lasted twelve years, produced a
succession of box office hits including HOLD BACK
THE DAWN (1941), DOUBLE INDEMNITY, THE LOST
WEEKEND, and SUNSET BOULEVARD. DOUBLE
INDEMNITY --PBS (American Masters)
DOUBLE INDEMNITY, co-written with Raymond Chandler was a
tense and thrilling film noir, while SUNSET BOULEVARD
investigated the bizarre and tragic life of a once famous silent
movie star. Both proved Wilder’s ability to create successful and
artistic cinema. --PBS (American Masters)
The 1950s saw Wilder produce several films alone including STALAG 17 (1953)
and THE SEVEN YEAR ITCH, before teaming up with the writer/producer I.A.L.
Diamond in 1957. The two would collaborate for over twenty years, producing
such major hits as WITNESS FOR THE PROSECUTION (1954), SOME LIKE
IT HOT and THE APARTMENT --PBS (American Masters)
              Themes


• clerk gets ahead by hiring his apartment
  to philandering superiors in exchange
  for promotion
• Jack Lemmon’s CC Baxter is a symbol
  of Joe Public’s complicity in corporate
  ethics
• “the great American con game”

• plots revolve around some sort of
  swindle

• moral weaklings trapped in situations in
  which they must lie to live

• sex and money are inextricably linked

• sex/greed conflict as a comment on
  human frailty
      Secondary Themes



• hated television (look for it in The
  Apartment)
• Baxter as little white dot?
               Approach

• innocent fascinated by the world’s
  corruption?
• Material is almost always serious, but
  always ironic
• “What I hate more than not being taken
  seriously is being taken too seriously
• many of his films have happy endings
  (while not necessarily his most famous films)
       Cinematography


• How does the film show Baxter as the
  “little guy?”
• How are Baxter and Miss Kubelik
  framed vs Kubelik and Sheldrake?
                    Exposition

• Pay close attention to the first few
  scene of the film and think about (take
  notes on) all of the different ways
  exposition is communicated
•   Exposition (from wikipedia) is a technique by which
    background information about the characters, events, or
    setting is conveyed in a novel, play, movie or other work of
    fiction. This information can be presented through dialogue,
    description, flashbacks, or even directly through narrative.
Close attention to detail in
       Exposition


• Key to executive office
• Office Details
• Television
• Sleeping Pills
• The movie is about two people who
  become emancipated, so it is important
  to see what they are emancipated from

• Baxter is non-judgmental, bending over
  backwards for everyone to climb the
  corporate ladder

• Miss Kublik is in love with a married
  man and is trapped in an unhealthy
  situation (haircut)
         Mise en Scene

• How does the mise en scene help the
  development and understanding of the
  main character?
• What are the differences between the
  main office, the executive office and the
  apartment?
• What do they say about the
  environments?
       Cinematography



• Use of 40mm Lens (even wide shots)
• Shots weren’t meant to draw attention
  to themselves
         Jack Lemmon

• Perfect “every-man”
• An unlikable character overall, so
  Lemmon is key to make him seem like
  a descent guy
• considered a genius, because he can
  do physical comedy (very complex) and
  act at the same time

								
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