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The Seven Cancer Warning Signs +. The beginning letter of each sentence spells out the word CAUTION. There are many other health problems that may cause the following signs and symptoms. If you or someone you know has one of these signs they should seek medical care! Change in bowel or bladder habits. Black tarry stool is often a signs of internal bleeding from the stomach or intestines. This is a medical emergency! Frequent urination may be a sign of a bladder infection. A sore that won’t heal. Unusual Bleeding or discharge. Thickening in the breast or elsewhere. VERY late diagnosis will = death Don’t die of embarrassment! Indigestion or difficulty swallowing. This is also a sign for strep throat. Obvious change in a wart or mole. Here is one example, the following slide shows more! Warts or moles larger than a standard pencil eraser need to be checked by a medical professional. NOTES:↓ Benign= non- cancerous Malignant= cancerous Metastasis= The spreading of cancer Nagging cough or hoarseness. A nagging cough is also a symptom of bronchitis. Pap Smear is used to detect cervical cancer: HPV Two-thirds of college students have been in a "friends with benefits" relationship, citing the lack of commitment required as the main advantage to such an arrangement. More than half of those who had sex with a friend said they had engaged in all forms of sex; 22.7 percent said they had intercourse only, while 8 percent said they did everything but have intercourse. According to a survey of adults aged 20 to 59, women have an average of four sex partners during their lifetime; men have an average of seven. The controversy: With 26 million vaccinated the risk of a serious reaction to Gardasil is one in .00004046 (1,050 of 26,000,000) Consistent & Correct Condom use may lower your chances of passing HPV to a partner or developing HPV-related diseases. But HPV can infect areas that are not covered by a condom—so condoms may not fully protect against HPV. NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Women run a significant risk of acquiring human papillomavirus (HPV) from their very first sex partner, according to a new report. Human papillomavirus or HPV is the cause of genital warts, as well as most cases of cervical cancer. "HPV infections are common among newly sexually active young women, even in those reporting only one partner," Dr. Rachel L. Winer told Reuters Health. Therefore, she pointed out, the new HPV vaccines will have the greatest impact when they're given before young women become sexually active. Winer, from the University of Washington in Seattle, and colleagues attempted to determine the risk of HPV infection in 244 young women enrolled in a study before or within 3 months of their first intercourse. They were followed for up to three years. Women who acquired a second sex partner during follow-up were excluded from the analysis. Within 12 months of intercourse with their first sex partner, 29% of the women tested positive for HPV, the researchers report in the Journal of Infectious Diseases. After 24 months, the cumulative rate of HPV infection increased to 39%, and at 36 months it was 49%. The investigators found that the only factor associated with risk of HPV infection was the male partner's number of previous partners. "Our previous work has shown high rates of female HPV infection following sexual debut, "Therefore, it is not surprising to see a high risk of infection from a first male partner."It is important to encourage condom use with all new partners, and regular Pap smear screening.” Winer said SOURCE: Journal of Infectious Diseases, January 15, 2008. How common are HPV-related health problems in men? About 1% of sexually active men in the U.S. have genital warts at any one time. Each year in the U.S. there are about: 800 men who get HPV-related penile cancer 1100 men who get HPV-related anal cancer 5700 men who get HPV-related head and neck cancers. [Note: although HPV is associated with some of head and neck cancers, most of these cancers are related to smoking and heavy drinking.] Some men are more likely to develop HPV- related diseases than others: Men who have sex with men are about 17 times more likely to develop anal cancer than men who only have sex with women. Men with weakened immune systems, including those who have human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), are more likely than other men to develop anal cancer. Men with HIV are also more likely to get severe cases of genital warts that are harder to treat. Have FDA and CDC changed their recommendations for the use of the HPV vaccine based on their vaccine safety monitoring? While no vaccine or medicine is completely without risk, CDC and FDA have reviewed all of the safety information available to them on Cervarix and Gardasil. Based on this, CDC and FDA have determined that Gardasil is safe to use and effective in preventing 4 types of HPV. CDC continues to recommend the vaccination of 11 and 12 year old girls with 3 doses of vaccine to prevent the types of HPV that most commonly cause cervical cancer and genital warts. The vaccine is also recommended for girls and women ages 13 through 26 who did not get any or all of the doses when they were younger. Additionally, Gardasil protects males against most genital warts. This vaccine is available for boys and men, 9 through 26 years of age. The seven cancer warning signs are worth 15% on your unit test. Start learning them now!
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