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Capacity building at University of Concepcion

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									  Capacity building at the
Department of Oceanography,
University of Concepción, for
  Chile and South America

Wolfgang Schneider
Department of Oceanography and FONDAP
COPAS Center
Director Graduate Studies in Oceanography
 Department of Oceanography
(Faculty of Natural Sciences and
         Oceanography)
    • Director: Marco Salamanca
    • 27 Scientists from various fields of
      Oceanography

Center of Oceanographic Research
   in the eastern South Pacific
       (COPAS), since 2002
      • Director: Carina Lange
Undergraduate and graduate
        Programs
•   Undergraduate programs:
•   Marine Biology
•   (202 students currently enrolled)
•   Marine Biotechnology and Aquaculture
•   (124 students currently enrolled)
•   To be implemented: Patalogy of Hydro-biological Resources

•   Graduate programs:
•   Fishery Oceanography (MSc)
•   (15 students currently enrolled)
•   Oceanography (MSc)
•   (16 students currently enrolled)
•   Oceanography (PhD) since 1993
•   (41 students currently enrolled)
      PhD in Oceanography
• Fundamental courses in physical, biological, chemical
  and geological (paleo) oceanography at UdeC
  (additional courses of specialization) ca. 20 credits
• Thesis work, mainly at UdeC
• Austral Summer Institute courses
  and international courses at UdeC (now combined to ASI
  only) ca. 10 credits
• International courses abroad
• Research stays abroad
• PhD abroad
• 30 credits minimum in total
INITIATIVES 1993-2006
• UNESCO IOC Chair in
  Oceanography
• DAAD scholarship program
• Agreement
  WHOI/UDEC/Fundación Andes
• Mecesup I, Ministry of Education
• CONICYT scholarship program
• CONICYT research grants
• COPAS Research Center
• UdeC, Graduate School
• Others
                          Indices of success
                            Students (1993 - 2006)

MSc            Chileans    Non        Total   PhD            Chileans   Non        Total
Program                    Chileans           Program                   Chileans

Enrolled          70          14         84   Enrolled         48          43              91
(cumulative)                                  (cumulative)

Graduated         32          11         43   Graduated        12          21              33
(cumulative)                                  (cumulative)
Currently                                16   Currently                                    41
enrolled                                      enrolled
               Indices of success
             Whereabouts of PhD Graduates
•   Wilmer Carbajal Villalta: IMARPE,                         Peru
•   Jorge Larry Tam Málaga: IMARPE,                           Peru
•   Dimitri Alexey Gutierrez Aguilar: IMARPE,                 Peru
•   Michelle Ivette Graco Carlucci: IMARPE,                   Peru
•   Sara Regina Purca Cuicapusa: IMARPE,                      Peru
•   Danilo Luis Calliari Cuadro: UNIVERSIDAD DE LA REPUBLICA, Uruguay
•   Laura Rodríguez Graña: UNIVERSIDAD DE LA REPUBLICA,       Uruguay
•   Alan Giraldo López: UNIVERSIDAD DEL VALLE,                Colombia
•   Andrés Franco Herrera: UNIVERSIDAD JORGE TADEO LOZANO, Colombia
•   Angela Guzman Alvis: UNIVERSIDA NACIONAL DE COLOMBIA, Colombia
•   Efrain Rodriguez Rubio: CCCP,                             Colombia
•   Maribeb Castro González: Universidad del Tolima, Ibagué,  Colombia
•   Eric Alfaro: UNIVERSIDAD DE COSTA RICA,                   CostaRica
•   Klaudia Hernández Rondón: INSTITUTO PUERTO MADRIN,        Argentine
•   Andres Conrado Milessi Millan: Conicet-INIDEP,            Argentine
             Indices of success
           Whereabouts of PhD Graduates
•   Aldo Manuel Montecinos Gula: UNIVERSIDAD DE CONCEPCION,     Chile
•   Paola María Dávila Romero: UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTOFAGASTA,      Chile
•   Laura Farías: UNIVERSIDAD DE CONCEPCION,                    Chile
•   Marcus Sobarzo Bustamante: UNIVERSIDAD DE CONCEPCION,       Chile
•   Felipe Leonel Ríos Rodriguez: CONSULTORA BENTOS-SANTIAGO,   Chile
•   Práxedes Muñoz Parra: UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DEL NORTE,       Chile
•   Javier Sellanes Lopez: UNVIERSIDAD CATOLICA DEL NORTE,      Chile
•   Rodrigo René González Saldia: UNIVERSIDAD DE CONCEPCION,    Chile
•   Cristian Vargas Galvez: UNIVERSIDAD DE CONCEPCION,          Chile
•   José Garcés Vargas: POSTDOC UNIVERSIDAD DE CONCEPCION,      Chile
•   José Luis Iriarte Machuca: UNIVERSIDA AUSTRAL DE CHILE,     Chile
•   Eduardo Joel Quiroga Jamett: CIEP,                          Chile
•   Beatriz Elizabeth Yannicelli de Olivera B.: IFOP,           Chile
•   Pamela Hidalgo Díaz: POSTDOC UNIVERSIDAD DE CONCEPCION,     Chile
•   Verónica Molina: POSTDOC UNIVERSIDAD DE CONCEPCION,         Chile
•   Winston Palmer: Universidad Arturo Prat,                    Chile
•   Ricardo Hernán De Pool Holz: Postdoc WHOI,                  USA
•   Maria Yoanna Eissler Parada: POSTDOC                        USA
    “Non measurable” impacts

• E.g. Efrain Rodriguez (Colombia) graduated with
  his PhD in 2003. After a 1 year PostDoc position
  at UdeC he returned to his home country and is
  currently working at CCCP in Colombia.
• Since 2005 he is Colombian representative at
  IOC.
             “Non measurable” impacts
                  Multipliers, e.g.
             Ciclo de Conferencias deOceanografía, La Habana, Cuba
   El Centro de Investigaciones Pesqueras de Cuba en cooperación con la
   Universidad de Concepción y COPAS (Centro de Oceanografíadel Pacifico Sur
   Oriental) de Chile, les invita a participar en el ciclo de conferencias de
   Oceanografía, a impartirse por el M.Sc.Iván E. Pérez Santos, estudiante de
   Doctorado del Programa de Postgrado de la Universidad de Concepción, Chile.
1.Circulación en el Mar Caribe y su relación con la corrientes marinas al sur de Cuba.
2.Cambio climático: Mas allá del incremento de la TSM, acidificación e impactos biológicos en
    la escala global y regional.
3.Incremento e intensificación de la temporada de Huracanes: Ciclo natural o cambio
    climático?
4.Paleoceanografía: Conceptos, procesos y proxys.
5.Ciclos biogeoquímicos que dominan los océanos.
6.Fertilización de los océanos: Una solución al cambio climático?
7.Procesos ecuatoriales: Evento Niño, teorías y mecanismos.
8.Introducción a la Oceanografía Satelital.
9.Proyectos de impacto global: Plataformas de investigación e instrumentación.
ASI – an important component in
        our PhD program
           CURRENT FUNDING
     •   Fundación Andes
     •   UNESCO IOC
     •   UdeC and the Graduate School at UdeC
     •   Escondida Mining Co.
     •   POGO
     •   Ministry of Education-Chile
     •   ICOMM

     Additional funding for specific courses
     • PAGES
     • DAAD
     • IMBER
                7th ASI 2007
 METHANE BIOGEOCHEMISTRY AND GEOPHYSICS &
       REMOTE SENSING AND OCEAN-LAND
                INTERACTION

1. Methane: Microbes, biomarkers & carbon cycle
2. Methane hydrates,
3. Sediment diagenesis & biology
4. Methane turnover & seeps,
5. Rivers: Connecting land and the ocean. Processes and
   problems
6. Use of remote sensing and bio-optics for coastal water
   quality monitoring
                           Lecturers
• Ajit Subramaniam, Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory at Columbia, USA
• Antje Boetius, Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Germany
• Gerald R. Dickens, Department of Earth Science Rice University, USA
• Gerhard Borhmann, RCOM, University of Bremen, Germany
• Guillermo Alfaro H., Instituto de Geología Económica Aplicada, University
    of Concepción, Chile
• Jean Whelan, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, USA
• Jeffrey Chanton, Department of Oceanography, Florida State University,
    USA
• John Milliman, The College of William & Mary, USA
• Kai-Uwe Hinrichs, RCOM, University of Bremen, Germany
• Lisa Levin, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, USA
• Richard J. Behl, California State University Long Beach, USA
2005-2007
39 Lectures
           ASI + IC              2005-2007




About 300 students enrolled in
ASI + IC classes 2001-2007
      In which capacity have you participated?


            11%
                            16%

                                            Survey
17%
                                          Undergraduate student

                                          Graduate student

                                          Professional

                                          Faculty and/or researcher




                          56%
Survey:   In which aspects were they beneficial?


       13%                            Obtain a better CV



                                      Interaction with visiting professors
14%                                   to facilitate access to graduate
                                      schools abroad
                                44%
                                      Support from visiting professors
                                      for development of research
                                      theses

                                      Interaction with visiting professors
                                      to develop joint research projects
 16%

                                      Interaction with visiting professors
                                      to facilitate research visits in
             13%                      international research centers
Contribution of IC+ASI to get a better education in
                  oceanography



                                              Survey

                                                Exceptional
  50%                                 50%
                                                Good
                FUTURE
1. Consolidating Advanced Research and Higher
   Education in Ocean Sciences at the University
   of Concepción, 2006, 2007, 2008
   (www.udec.cl/oceanoudec)

   WHOI-UDEC agreement: Financial support
   for: ASI, student exchange, faculty exchange,
   participation in joint oceanographic cruises,
   instrumentation

   Coordinator
   S. Pantoja, Department of Oceanography at
   UdeC
              FUTURE

2. Applied marine sciences training (data
   manager, technicians)

   Coordinator
   NN, Department of Oceanography at
   UdeC
                  FUTURE
3. MECESUP II
   Future funding, in particular for the Austral
   Summer Institute (2008-2010). Funding approved.

  Coordinator
  M. Sobarzo, Department of Oceanography at
  UdeC
                Activities
Financial Volume for 3 years: 450.000 $ US

1 new faculty position (physical, chemical or
    fisheries oceanographer)
1 PostDoc (physical, chemical or fisheries
    oceanographer)
Austral Summer Institute (3 years)
5 full PhD-student scholarships (3 years each)
7 Phd-student short visits abroad (2 months
    each)
                 FUTURE
4. Latin America-Europe School of Oceanography
   ALFA LAESO

  Coordinator
  T. Antezana, Department of Oceanography at
  UdeC
                Objectives
1. To initiate a network cooperation between Latin
  American and European educational institutions

2. To achieve transparency of programs and
  curricular at PhD level of education in
  Oceanography and Applied Marine Sciences

3. To reach consensus on concepts and
  procedures for credit evaluation and certification
  of courses, for the sound implementation of
  future academic exchanges in Oceanography
  and Applied Marine Sciences
                  Course requirements for different specializations in Oceanography
                                   and applied Marine Sciences
Specializations         Biological   Physical    Chemical    Geological   Fisheries   Aqua-     Marine
                        Oceanogr.    Oceanogr.   Oceanogr.   Oceanogr.                culture   Conservation
Courses
Biological Ocean.           X                         X          X            X          X            X
Physical Ocean.             X            X            X          X            X          X            X
Chemical Ocean.             X            X            X          X                       X            X
Geological Ocean.                                     X          X                                    X
Philosophy of Science       X            X            X          X            X          X            X
Marine Meteorology                       X                                                            X
Fisheries                                                                     X
Oceanography
Population dynamics                                                           X          X
Marine Physiology                                                             X          X
Fluid Mechanics                          X
Modelling                                X                                    X                       X
Marine Ecology              X                                                                         X
Law and Economics                                                             X          X            X
Statistics                  X            X            X          X            X          X            X
Remote Sensing              X            X                                    X
Geophysics                                                       X
             Implementation
• Each partner University/Institution defines the
  fundamental courses to be offered to LAESO
• Every student of each partner University can enroll at
  these fundamental courses at Universities of his/her
  choice
• Students conduct their PhD research under supervision
  of scientists of their choice from any of the partner
  Universities
• Students will receive a PhD degree from their “home”
  University
• Identify possible sources of national and inter-national
  funding
• Coordination of actions
               Advantages
• Internationalization of higher education
• Exchange of higher educational programs
  (Synergy)
• Universities which cannot come up with a PhD
  program on their own will be able to issue a PhD
  degree
• LAESO will promote and stimulate joint research
  with mixed international participation (Know How
  exchange)
          LAESO Universities
Latin American universities:
• University of Costa Rica (San José, Costa Rica)
• Jorge Tadeo Lozano University (Santa Marta, Colombia)
• National Agricultural University of La Molina (Lima, Peru)
• El Litoral Polytechnic (Guayaquil, Ecuador)
• Center of Scientific Investigation and higher Education
  (Ensenada, Mexico)
• University of Concepción (Concepción, Chile)
European universities:
• University of Kiel (Germany)
• Vigo University (Spain)
• Gothenburg University (Sweden)
• University of Plymouth (United Kingdom)
• University of South Hampton (South Hampton, United
  Kingdom)
• New partner Universities from any country are welcome
                             Challenges
• Scholarships for national and foreign students
•   Identify new sources: International agencies and private sector
•   70,000 $ US for 4 years per full time PhD student (tuition and living expenses)
•    1,000-1,500 $ US per student to participate at an ASI
•    2,500-3,000 $ US per ASI visiting professor

• Employment for newly graduates
•   Raise awareness for the need of oceanographic research and education at national
    and international level. Fresh funding needed for new positions.

• Research Platform
•   Convince Chilean government to purchase and maintain a state of the art research
    vessel
         Pogo-10, 2009

     University of Concepción, Chile,
is offering to host the POGO-10 Meeting
              in January 2009.

								
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