SURVEY REPORT AND FINDINGS

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					                           SWAZILAND                                  GOVERNMENT




                          EDUCATION STATISTICS 2005


                                      CENTRAL STATISTICAL OFFICE

                                                       P.O. BOX 456

                                                         MBABANE

                                          Email address: statistics@africaonline.co.sz




                                                            FOREWORD


This publication is the thirty-third report in the series of publications on Education Statistics. The reference date of the
information published is the 31st March 2005. The Central Statistical Office on behalf of the Ministry of Education conducts the
Education Survey.

The Education Statistics Section of the Central Statistical Office, headed by Mr H.S. Dlamini, conducted the survey. Completion
of this survey and report was due to the hard work and co-operation of the Mrs L. Khumalo and Ms E. Abdul a.

We also acknowledge with thanks the help of the data processing unit of the CSO, Mr. M. Dube and Mr. C Mavuso for trouble
shooting in data processing and writing of tabulation programs to produce the tables contained in this report.

Our Office wishes to thank all Heads of Schools together with their teaching staff who have made this survey a success. The
assistance and co-operation of Mr E. Dlamini and the Ministry of Education is highly appreciated.



I.S Hlophe
DIRECTOR OF STATISTICS




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                                                    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Introduction:

The 2004 survey of primary and secondary/high schools is similar to previous year’s Surveys on Education Statistics. The survey
covers the teachers and pupils at all schools in Swaziland as well as enrolment in tertiary education.

The Schools are divided into three categories that is Government, Grant –Aided and Privately maintained schools.

The total number of all schools covered in the 2005 survey was 754, of which 555 and 199 were primary and secondary/high schools
respectively.

Forms:

Two sets of forms were sent to all schools in the country before the 31st March of 2005 to be completed on the last school day of
March and returned to this office. The forms included the staffing form and classes register slips. The head teachers were requested
to complete the staffing forms, listing their teachers personal characteristics, namely qualification, citizenship, sex, experience,
marital status, gross salary and the type of pay (i.e whether government or privately paid). Some characteristics pertaining to the
schools were also listed such as laboratories, classes taught etc.

Each class teacher completes the class register slips. Information requested includes name of pupil, age, whether a repeater or re-
starter etc.

Response:

   All 754 schools were sent the forms to complete and sent back to the office. After some initial non-response, a follow-up was
    made and all schools in the country submitted their returns, bringing the response rate to 100%.


KEY EDUCATION INDICATORS

Enrolment:

 There were 221956 pupils enrolled in primary schools as at 31st March 2005. Enrolled in secondary/high schools were 71124
  pupils.
 There were 5762 students enrolled full-time/part-time in the country’s institutions of higher learning as at 31st October of 2005.
   3393 from the University of Swaziland and 2369 from the other colleges (SCOT, William Pitcher, Ngwane College, Nazerene
   Teacher and Nursing College etc).

Number of Teachers:

   There were 6741 teachers in primary schools during the survey period.
   The number of secondary/high schoolteachers were found to be 4241 during the survey period



Number of Teachers Undergoing Training:

   From all the tertiary institutions that offer teacher training, 1754 students were enrolled in teacher training programs, of which
    about 456 students were doing their last year of training in that program as at 31st October 2005.




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APPERENT INTAKE RATE        (AIR)                         =      99.21%

NET INTAKE RATE (NIR)                                     =      44.19%

LATE STARTERS    (LS)                                     =      68.91%

EARLY STARTERS (ES)                                       =      08.18%

OVERALL ENROLMENT RATE      (OER)                         =      81.89%

GROSS ENROLMENT RATE PRIMARY (GERp)                       =      101.26%

GROSS ENROLMENT RATE SECONDARY           (GERs)           =      51.31%

NET ENROLMENT RATE PRIMARY          (NERp)                =      84.29%

NET ENROLMENT RATE SECONDARY (NERs)                       =      38.74%

AGE SPECIFIC ENROLMENT RATIOS (ASER)

Age (years) School Age Population   Primary       Secondary Total          ASER

6           31394                   16884                     16884        53.78
7           29289                   23189                     23189        79.17
8           24588                   24256                     24256        98.65
9           25410                   25201                     25201        99.18
10          26342                   25528                     25528        96.91
11          26619                   24663                     24663        92.65
12          27573                   23902         739         24641        89.37
13          27622                   20826         3921        24747        89.59
14          27594                   15439         8181        23620        85.60
15          27614                   9903          11636       21539        78.00
16          27707                   5200          12613       17813        64.29
17          27849                   2458          11762       14220        51.06
18          27849                   1426          9504        10930        39.25



PROMOTION RATE , REPETITION RATE, DROPOUT RATE, SURVIVAL RATE,
PUPIL YEARS and COEFFICIENT OF EFFECIENCY SEE TABLE 27



Class Ratios

PUPIL TAECHER RATIO PRIMARY                        =      33:1

PUPIL TAECHER RATIO SECONDARY                      =      17:1

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General Notes:

    New comers refer to pupils who are transferred from other schools, this include pupils who are registered for the first time in the
     school i.e pupils in grade 1 and pupils who completed their last higher grades from other schools.

Symbols:

Not available: -
Revised figure: +




                                                                v
                                                         CONTENTS

                             SURVEY REPORT AND SUMMARY OF FINDINGS

SECTION I – GENERAL TABLES

TABLE NO.

     1. Pupils and Teachers in Primary Schools:                            1990-2005

     2. Pupils and Teachers in Secondary Schools:                          1990-2005

     3. Highest Class Taught by Type of School:                            2005

     4. Students Undergoing Training in Swaziland:                         1990-2005

     5. Analysis by Teacher Training:                                      2005

     6. Teacher Training Examination Results:                              1999-2005


SECTION II – PRIMARY EDUCATION AS OF 31ST MARCH 2005

     7. Primary Schools Enrolment by Sex of Pupil, Rural/Urban and Type of School

     8. Primary School Teaching Staff by Qualification, Citizen of Teacher and
       Type of School

     9. Primary School Staff by Qualification and Status of Teacher

     10. Pupils in Primary Schools, Ratio of Pupils/Teacher, Classes and Separate
        Teaching Rooms

     11. Age Distribution of all Pupils Receiving Primary Education


SECTION III – SECONDARY EDUCTION AS OF 31ST MARCH, 2005

     12. Number of Secondary Schools and enrolment by District, Rural/Urban, sex and Type of School

     13. Secondary School Enrolment by Sex of Pupils and Type of School

     14. Secondary School Teaching Staff by Major and Minor Subject Studied

     15. Secondary School Teaching Staff by Subjects taught and Whether Teacher is a
        Volunteer or Non-Volunteer

     16. Secondary School Teaching Staff by Qualification and Subject Taught

     17. Secondary School Teaching Staff by Qualification and Citizenship and Type of
        School

     18. Secondary School Teaching Staff by Qualification and Marital Status

     19. Secondary School Pupils/Teacher Ratios, Class and Separate Teaching Rooms

                                                           vi
    20. Age Distribution of all Pupils Receiving Secondary Education by Age, Sex and
       Form of Pupil


SECTION IV – REPETITION CONTINUATION AND DROP-OUT RATES IN PRIMARY AND
SECONDARY SCHOOLS AS ON 31ST MARCH, 2005

    21. Age Distribution of Repeaters in all Primary Schools by Grade and Sex of Pupil

    22. Age Distribution of all Re-starters in Primary Schools by Grade and Sex of
       Pupil

    23. Age Distribution of all Repeaters in all Secondary Schools by Grade and Sex of
       Pupil

    24. Age Distribution of Re-starters in all Secondary Schools by Grade and Sex of
       Pupil

    25. Number of all New Comers (Transfers Receiving Primary Education by Age
       Distribution, Sex and Grade

    26. Number of all New Comers (Transfers Receiving Primary Education by Age
       Distribution, Sex and Form

    27. Rates of Continuation, Repetition, Re-starters and Dropouts between Classes

    28. Rates of Continuation throughout the School System Implied by its structure

    29. Number of Repeaters in Junior Secondary and High Schools




SECTION VA - DISTRICT TABLES – SECONDARY SCHOOLS ENROLMENT, TEACHING STAFF
AND CLASS RATIOS IN ALL DISTRICTS IN 2005

    30. Secondary School Enrolment in Hhohho District

    31. Secondary School Teaching Staff in Hhohho District

    32. Secondary School Enrolment in Manzini District

    33. Secondary School Teaching Staff in Manzini District

    34. Secondary School Enrolment in Shiselweni District

    35. Secondary School Teaching Staff in Shiselweni District

    36. Secondary School Enrolment in Lubombo District

    37. Secondary School Teaching Staff in Lubombo District

    38. Secondary School Ratios of Pupils/Teacher, Classes and Separate Teaching rooms, by District




                                                          vii
SECTION VB - DISTRICT TABLES – PRIMARY SCHOOLS ENROLMENT TEACHING STAFF AND
     CLASS RATIOS IN ALL DISTRICTS – 2005

     39. Primary School Enrolment in Hhohho District

     40. Primary School Teaching Staff in Hhohho District

     41. Primary School Enrolment in Manzini District

     42. Primary School Teaching Staff in Manzini District

     43. Primary School Enrolment in Shiselweni District

     44. Primary School Teaching Staff in Shiselweni District

     45. Primary School Enrolment in Lubombo District

     46. Primary School Teaching Staff in Lubombo District

     47. Primary School Ratio of Pupils/Teacher, Classes and Separate Teaching Rooms, by District




SECTION VI - DISTRIBUTION OF ALL PUPILS INCLUDING REPEATING PUPILS IN PRIMARY AND
     SECONDARY SCHOOLS BY TYPE OF SCHOOL, SEX AND GRADE – 2005

     48a. Number of Male Pupils and Repeaters by Age and Grade in Government
          Primary Schools

     48b. Number of Female Pupils and Repeaters by Age and Grade in Government
         Primary Schools

     49a. Number of Male Pupils and Repeater by Age and Grade in Grant-Aided
        Primary Schools

     49b. Number of Female Pupils and Repeaters by Age and Grade in Grant-Aided
        Primary Schools

     50a. Number of Female Pupils and Repeaters by Age Distribution and Grade in
         Private Primary Schools

     50b. Number of Female Pupils and Repeaters by Age and Grade in Private
         Primary Schools

     51. Number of Pupils and Repeaters by Age, Sex and Form in Government
       Secondary Schools

     52. Number of Pupils and Repeaters by Age, Sex and Form in Grant-Aided
       Secondary Schools




                                                             viii
SECTION VII - PRIMARY AND SECONDARY PUPILS BY AGE, SEX, GRADE AND DISTRICT – 2005

     53. Number of Primary Pupils by Age, Sex and Grade in Hhohho District

     54. Number of Secondary Pupils by Age, Sex and Form in Hhohho District

     55. Number of Primary Pupils by Age, Sex and Grade in Manzini District

     56. Number of Secondary Pupils by Age, Sex and Form in Manzini District

     57. Number of Primary Pupils by Age, Sex and Grade in Shiselweni District

     58. Number of Secondary Pupils by Age, Sex and Form in Shiselweni District

     59. Number of Primary Pupils by Age, Sex and Grade in Lubombo District

     60. Number of Secondary Pupils by Age, Sex and Form in Lubombo District




SECTION VIII - AGE DISTRIBUTION OF ALL TEACHERS BY QUALIFICATION, 31ST MARCH 2005

     61. Primary School Teachers by Age Group, Type of pay and experience

     62.Primary Teachers by Qualification, Type of Pay and experience

     63. Primary School Teachers Distributed by Age Group, Sex and Qualification

     64. Junior Secondary School Teachers Distributed by Age Group, Type of Pay and
        Experience

     65. Junior Secondary School Staff by Qualification, Type of Pay and Experience

     66. High School Teachers Distributed by Age Group, Type of Pay and Experience

     67. High School Staff Distributed by Qualification, Type of Pay and Experience

     68. Secondary/High School Teachers Distributed by Age Group, Sex and
         Qualification


SECTION IX - TERTIARY ENROLMENT BY PROGRAM, SEX AND                                   YEAR OF STUDY – 2004/05

     69. Tertiary training (Colleges) enrolment by program, Sex and Year of Study

     70. University of Swaziland Enrolment by Program and Year of Study

     71. University of Swaziland Enrolment by Faculty, Gender and year of study




                                                           ix

				
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