Applications of Mirrors
The first known mirrors were recovered from graves in
Anatolia modern Turkey. The cemetery was dated
approximately 6000 to 5900 BC.
These mirrors were made from ground and polished
obsidian (a volcanic glass) and had a round reflective
surface. They were slightly convex, highly polished, and
approximately 9 cm in diameter.
Lilyquist, C. Woman in an Antolian Mirror. N.d. Optometry and Vision Science.
Web. 10 Mar. 2011. <http://journals.lww.com/optvissci/Fulltext/2006/
The Egyptians used mirrors around 4500 BC.
These mirrors were wetted ground stone palettes. They
could make good images but the water evaporated very
rapidly from their surfaces.
From approximately 4000 to 3000 BC, small copper
disc mirrors were recovered in the Tigris-Euphrates
Valley in Southern Mesopotamia, now Iraq. From then
on, records of mirror use appeared within sculptures,
carvings, texts, and as actual mirrors.
Bronze Mirror. N.d. Optometry and Vision Science. Web. 8 Mar. 2011. Mirror from 600 BC. N.d. Optometry and Vision Science. American Academy of
<http://journals.lww.com/optvissci/Fulltext/2006/10000/ Optometry, n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2011. < http://journals.lww.com/optvissci/
Mirrors in China
In China mirrors were first located around 2000 BC.
Early Chinese mirrors ranged from 6 to 12 cm in
diameter, were not ornate, and had a centered pierced
knob used to hold the mirror on the back surface.
The mirrors were generally thin, and raised ridges
included in patterns on their rear surfaces possibly
provided some rigidity. Copper alloys or bronze were
used early, and handles appeared later.
Mirrors in China
Earliest Chinese Mirror. N.d. Optometry and Vision Science. American Academy of
Optometry, n.d. Web. 9 Mar. 2011. <http://journals.lww.com/optvissci/
South/Central American Mirrors
Mirrors were found in South America from 1925 BC
In Mexico, they were made by the Olmec, Mayan, and
The La Tolita people (600-300 BC) of Columbia and
Ecuador refined techniques for working gold and
polishing precious stones.
In Peru, the Chavin culture (900/800-200 BC),
developed polished anthracite mirrors.
The Moche culture (200 BC-600 AD),had copper-
framed mirror-holders and rock crystal lenses.
Modern Day Uses
Used for domestic
purposes such as
or dressing mirrors.
Hall of Mirrors at Versailles
Used for reflecting telescopes....
Telescope. N.d. Best Letest. Web. 8 Mar. 2011. <http://www.bestletest.com/
Fixed around road bends....
Fish-eye Convex Mirror. N.d. eHow. Demand Media, Inc, n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2011.
And placed behind headlights on cars.
Car headlamps. 10 Apr. 2010. Picasa Web Albums. Google, n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2011.
Used for Make-up and Shaving mirrors....
Double Magnifying Mirror Compact . N.d. Generally Awesome. GenerallyAwesome.com,
n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2011. <http://www.generallyawesome.com/store/
And in reflecting telescopes.
Reflecting Telescopes. N.d. Reflecting Telescopes. University of Oregon,
n.d. Web. 7 Mar. 2011.
Angelo, Joseph A., Jr. "Illumination from Space.“
Science Online. Facts on File, Inc., n.d. Web. 10 Mar.
Barnbaum, Cecilia. "Hubble Space Telescope." World
Book Advanced. World Book, 2011. Web. 10 Mar.
Enoch, Jay M. "History of Mirrors Dating Back 8000
Years." Optometry and Vision Science. American
Academy of Optometry, 11 July 2006. Web. 10
Works Cited (continued)
Kirkland, Kyle, and Sean M. Grady. “Mirrors and
Lenses in Optics." Science Online. Facts On File,
Inc. Web. 10 Mar. 2011.
Klein, Ronald. "Ophthalmoscope." World Book
Advanced. World Book, 2011. Web. 20 Mar.
Schmittberger, R. Wayne. "Kaleidoscope." World Book