Applications of Mirrors

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					Applications of Mirrors
        Katie Hanna
History
                   First Mirrors

   The first known mirrors were recovered from graves in
    Anatolia modern Turkey. The cemetery was dated
    approximately 6000 to 5900 BC.
   These mirrors were made from ground and polished
    obsidian (a volcanic glass) and had a round reflective
    surface. They were slightly convex, highly polished, and
    approximately 9 cm in diameter.
       First Mirrors




Lilyquist, C. Woman in an Antolian Mirror. N.d. Optometry and Vision Science.
   Web. 10 Mar. 2011. <http://journals.lww.com/optvissci/Fulltext/2006/
   10000/History_of_Mirrors_Dating_Back_8000_Years_.17.aspx>.
               Egyptian Mirrors

   The Egyptians used mirrors around 4500 BC.
   These mirrors were wetted ground stone palettes. They
    could make good images but the water evaporated very
    rapidly from their surfaces.
   From approximately 4000 to 3000 BC, small copper
    disc mirrors were recovered in the Tigris-Euphrates
    Valley in Southern Mesopotamia, now Iraq. From then
    on, records of mirror use appeared within sculptures,
    carvings, texts, and as actual mirrors.
                                   Egyptian Mirrors




Bronze Mirror. N.d. Optometry and Vision Science. Web. 8 Mar. 2011.   Mirror from 600 BC. N.d. Optometry and Vision Science. American Academy of
   <http://journals.lww.com/optvissci/Fulltext/2006/10000/               Optometry, n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2011. < http://journals.lww.com/optvissci/
   History_of_Mirrors_Dating_Back_8000_Years_.17.aspx>.
                                                                        Fulltext/2006/10000/History_of_Mirrors_Dating_Back_8000_Years_.17.aspx>.
                Mirrors in China
   In China mirrors were first located around 2000 BC.
   Early Chinese mirrors ranged from 6 to 12 cm in
    diameter, were not ornate, and had a centered pierced
    knob used to hold the mirror on the back surface.
   The mirrors were generally thin, and raised ridges
    included in patterns on their rear surfaces possibly
    provided some rigidity. Copper alloys or bronze were
    used early, and handles appeared later.
     Mirrors in China




Earliest Chinese Mirror. N.d. Optometry and Vision Science. American Academy of
   Optometry, n.d. Web. 9 Mar. 2011. <http://journals.lww.com/optvissci/
   Fulltext/2006/10000/History_of_Mirrors_Dating_Back_8000_Years_.17.aspx>.
South/Central American Mirrors
   Mirrors were found in South America from 1925 BC
    onward.
   In Mexico, they were made by the Olmec, Mayan, and
    Teotihuacan peoples.
   The La Tolita people (600-300 BC) of Columbia and
    Ecuador refined techniques for working gold and
    polishing precious stones.
   In Peru, the Chavin culture (900/800-200 BC),
    developed polished anthracite mirrors.
   The Moche culture (200 BC-600 AD),had copper-
    framed mirror-holders and rock crystal lenses.
Modern Day Uses
Plane Mirrors

   Used for domestic
    purposes such as
    bathroom mirrors
    or dressing mirrors.




                           Hall of Mirrors at Versailles
                Convex Mirrors
   Used for reflecting telescopes....




                Telescope. N.d. Best Letest. Web. 8 Mar. 2011. <http://www.bestletest.com/
                   tags/telescopes>.
                   Convex Mirrors
   Fixed around road bends....




             Fish-eye Convex Mirror. N.d. eHow. Demand Media, Inc, n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2011.
                <http://www.ehow.com/how_7652778_install-fish-eye-convex-mirrors.html>.
                      Convex Mirrors
   And placed behind headlights on cars.




           Car headlamps. 10 Apr. 2010. Picasa Web Albums. Google, n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2011.
              <http://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/nvEiupyMzH6ztT6bRecDAw>.
                 Concave Mirrors
   Used for Make-up and Shaving mirrors....




            Double Magnifying Mirror Compact . N.d. Generally Awesome. GenerallyAwesome.com,
              n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2011. <http://www.generallyawesome.com/store/
              gift-ideas/stocking-stuffers-under-20>.
               Concave Mirrors
   And in reflecting telescopes.




                Reflecting Telescopes. N.d. Reflecting Telescopes. University of Oregon,
                                  n.d. Web. 7 Mar. 2011.
                                  <http://abyss.uoregon.edu/~js/glossary/
                                  reflecting_telescope.html>.
                    Works Cited
   Angelo, Joseph A., Jr. "Illumination from Space.“
        Science Online. Facts on File, Inc., n.d. Web. 10 Mar.
    2011. <http://www.fofweb.com/Science/
        default.asp?ItemID=WE40>.
   Barnbaum, Cecilia. "Hubble Space Telescope." World
    Book Advanced. World Book, 2011. Web. 10 Mar.
    2011.       http://www.worldbookonline.com/adva
        nced/article?id=ar265630&st=mirrors
   Enoch, Jay M. "History of Mirrors Dating Back 8000
    Years." Optometry and Vision Science. American
    Academy of Optometry, 11 July            2006. Web. 10
    Mar. 2011.
         Works Cited (continued)
   Kirkland, Kyle, and Sean M. Grady. “Mirrors and
        Lenses in Optics." Science Online. Facts On File,
        Inc. Web. 10 Mar. 2011.
        http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemI
        D=WE40&SID=5&iPin=STIFO0005&Single
        Record=True
   Klein, Ronald. "Ophthalmoscope." World Book
        Advanced. World Book, 2011. Web. 20 Mar.
        2011.
        http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/a
        rticle?id=ar403940&st=mirrors
   Schmittberger, R. Wayne. "Kaleidoscope." World Book

				
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