Docstoc

EMUHAYA CONSTITUENCY DEVELOPMENT FUND

Document Sample
EMUHAYA CONSTITUENCY DEVELOPMENT FUND Powered By Docstoc
					EMUHAYA CONSTITUENCY DEVELOPMENT FUND
STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN
                     2015)
             (2010 – 2015)




                   1
EMUHAYA STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN
                      2010-2015




                               2
        EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN
                           FOR
EMUHAYA CONSTITUENCY DEVELOPMENT FUND
               (2010-
               (2010-2015)




        The Emuhaya CDF Committee




                               3
        EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
 EMUHAYA CDFC’S VISION, MISSION AND CORE VALUES
Introduction: This Strategic Development Plan aims at addressing issues raised in the
introduction. To this end, there is need to have a common approach to the values that
bind us as a people in implementing the Strategic Development Plan. During the
consultation process, we deliberated on our mission and values. After exhaustive
deliberations, it was agreed as follows:


                                            VISION
Emuhaya CDFC aspires “to be a leading Constituency in effective use of
Constituencies Development Fund in the socio-economic development in the
country”


                                          MISSION
Emuhaya CDFC commits itself “to equitably distribute and prudently manage
resources within the set economic, political and social structures to meet
socio-economic development of the constituents in a participatory process”


                                    CORE VALUES
Emuhaya CDFC commits itself to the following values:
                      1. Commitment to team Work
                      2. Transparency and Accountability
                      3. Participatory Approach
                      4. Responsibility
                      5. Trustworthiness
                      6. Reliability
                      7. Hard work
                      8. Integrity
                      9. Co-Operation
                      10. Love and ethical standards
                      11. Creativity and Innovation
                      12. Gender Sensitivity




                                                 4
                          EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
Table of Content
Strategic Plan............................................................................................................      i
Emuhaya CDFC’S Vision, Mission and Core Values ................................................                                4
List of Tables.............................................................................................................    7
Acknowledgement.....................................................................................................           8
Foreword by the Member of Parliament ....................................................................                      9
List of Abbreviation....................................................................................................      10
Executive Summary ..................................................................................................          11

CHAPTER ONE
1.0 Introduction .........................................................................................................    13
1.1 Background of Emuhaya Constituency ...............................................................                        13
1.2 Administrative and Political Units ........................................................................               13
1.3 Population ...........................................................................................................    13
1.4 The preparation of the strategic plan...................................................................                  15
1.5 Justification for a strategy....................................................................................          16

CHAPTER TWO
2.0 Background of the National CDFC Programme ..................................................                              17
2.1 Introduction .........................................................................................................    17
2.2 The CDFC Mandate ...........................................................................................              17
2.3 The CDF Committees………………………………………………………………….                                                                              17
2.4 The CDF Committee ...........................................................................................             18
2.5 Location Development Committee ......................................................................                     19
2.6 Overview of Emuhaya CDF operations……………….……………………………..                                                                    19
2.7 Performance of the CDFC in the last three years................................................                           20
2.7.1 Agriculture........................................................................................................     20
2.7.2 Education .........................................................................................................     20
2.7.3 Infrastructure development...............................................................................               20
2.7.4 Health...............................................................................................................   21
2.7.5 Environment……………………………………………………………………………                                                                                22
2.7.6 Socio-Cultural and Youth activities…………………………………………………                                                                  22

CHAPTER THREE
3.0 Situational Analysis .............................................................................................        23
3.1 Introduction………………………………………………………………………………                                                                                23
3.2 Agriculture and Rural Development ....................................................................                     23
3.2.1 Crop Production………………………………………………………………………                                                                               23
3.2.2 Livestock Production…………………………………………………………………                                                                            24
3.2.3 Fisheries………………………………………………………………………………                                                                                  24
3.2.4 Cooperative Development…………………………………………………………..                                                                          24
3.3. Education & Human Resource ...........................................................................                    25
3.4 Water and Sanitation…………………………………………………………………..                                                                            26
3.5 Health……………………………………………………………………………………                                                                                     26
3.6 Physical Infrastructure………………………………………………………………….                                                                          27
3.7 Trade and Industry……………………………………………………………………..                                                                             27
3.8 Environment……………………………………………………………………….…….                                                                                 27
3.9 Other Cross-cutting Issues..................................................................................              28
3.9.1 Security ………………………………………………………………………………..                                                                               28

                                                                         5
                                            EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
3.9.2 The youth .........................................................................................................      29
3.9.3 HIV/AIDS..........................................................................................................       29
3.9.4 Poverty.............................................................................................................     30
3.9.5 ICT ..................................................................................................................   30


CHAPTER FOUR
4.0 Institutional Analysis............................................................................................         31
4.1 Pestel Analysis....................................................................................................        31
4.2 Constituency Swot Analysis ................................................................................                32

CHAPTER FIVE
5.0 Constituency strategic issues, objectives and strategies.....................................                              36

CHAPTER SIX
6.0 The Strategic Plan Delivery Committee...............................................................                       44
6.1 Composition and Terms of Reference for the Committee ...................................                                   44

CHAPTER SEVEN
7.0 Monitoring and evaluation framework .................................................................                      45

IMPLEMENTATION MATRIX……………………………………………………………..                                                                                 46




List of Tables

                                                                         6
                                             EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
Table                                                                                      Pg
Table 1: Administrative units and area by Division ................................        13
Table 2: Population Projections 1999 - 2014.........................................       13
Table 3: CDF Disbursement to Emuhaya Constituency since 2003…....                          20
Table 4: PESTEL Analysis Findings......................................................    31
Table 5: SWOT Analysis Findings.........................................................   32
Table 6: Summary of Strategic Issues...................................................    37
Table 7: Implementation Schedule .......................................................   46




                                                       7
                                EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
Acknowledgement
On behalf of Afrisol Consultants, we wish to express our profound appreciation to the many
stakeholders and those who played key roles in the development of this Strategic Development
Plan. We would particularly like to acknowledge the support given to us by the area Member of
Parliament Hon. W. K. Ottichilo, members of Emuhaya CDF Committee including Rameson Ongalo
(Chairman–CDFC), Newton Okwiya (CDFC Secretary), Paul Mogendi (CDF Fund Account
Manager), Paul Mukuna (NGO Representative in CDFC), Christopher Amwayi (CDF office
Secretary) and Charles Franklin Pulu (Public Relations Officer)

Special acknowledgement goes to the following Heads of Government Departments: William
Murindatt (District Officer 1), Charles Njeru (District Officer – Luanda), Rodgers Achieng (District
Development Officer), Jacob Asembo (National Environmental Management Authority), Elishama
Njeli (Fisheries), Stephen Njau (District Fisheries Officer), Dickson Olala (Security), Elsham Ambale
(Health), Ahindukha Kizito (Education), Joan Olachi (District Youth Officer), Alex Adala (Livestock
Development), Boaz Mung’aya (District Forest Officer), Elam Imbogo (District Water Officer),
Reuben Chumba ( District Agricultural Officer) and John Diang’a (Chairman, District Cultural
Council),




                                                     8
                              EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
Foreword by the Member of Parliament

This Strategic Development Plan for Emuhaya has been mooted in line with the Kenya Poverty
Reduction Strategy Paper of 2004 and the Economic Recovery Framework for Wealth Creation of
2003/2004 to act as a roadmap for development in Emuhaya. The Plan charts out a five-year
roadmap from 2010 to 2015 that will guide in alleviation of poverty and champion the creation of
wealth. 58% of Emuhaya residents live below the poverty line and as such, there is need to act
strategically to spur economic development in a coordinated and planned manner.


In line with Vision 2030, this Strategic Development Plan seeks to revamp all sectors of our
livelihood including agriculture, healthcare, education, infrastructure, environment management,
business development, cooperative movements, information technology, security, culture and good
governance. Specific emphasis has been laid on improvement in education performance,
infrastructure development and business agriculture.


The Strategic Development Plan has been formulated by the members of the CDF Committee in
collaboration with District technical officers and other key stakeholders in the District and has
received key stakeholders’ approval. Its success is backed by the political dispensation of hope that
currently sweeps across the country hinging on the New Constitution. However, the budget alluded
to in the Implementation schedule is tentatively pegged on the average annual allocation of KShs.
63M that we currently receive from the National CDF Board. Increased allocation of revenues from
the new County Government and the National CDF Board is expected to play a big role in realizing
key targets envisioned in this Development Plan.


The Plan proposes broad and specific objectives-cum-targets that the people of Emuhaya wish to
achieve in five years’ time. To achieve this, it is hoped that all stakeholders will actively participate
in their implementation and will be committed to the spirit of hard work and good governance to
achieve the set targets by end of the five years of the plan.


Hon. Dr. W. K. Ottichilo, M.P.




                                                      9
                               EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
List of Abbreviations

AIDS         Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
CBOs         Community Based Organization
CDFC         Constituency Development Fund Committee
CSO          Civil Society Organizations
DC           District Commissioner
DDC          District Development Committee
DDO          District Development Officer
DDP          District Development Plan
DO           District Officer
DPC          District Project Committee
ESP          Economic Stimulus Program
GDP          Gross Domestic Product
ICT          Information Communication Technology
LDC          Location Development Committee
MDGs         Millennium Development Goals
MP           Member of Parliament
MTP          Medium Term Plans
NGOs         Non Governmental Organization(s)
NMB          National Management Board
PESTEL       Political, Economical, Social, Technical, Environmental and Legal
PMCs         Project Management Committees
PPP          Public Private Partnership
SDP          Strategic Development Plan
SWOT         Strength, Weaknesses, Opportunity, and Threats




                                                10
                          EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
Executive Summary
This Strategic Development Plan is organized around seven chapters. Chapter one covers a
general introduction in terms of administrative boundaries of Emuhaya Constituency, population
size, the process of developing the strategic plan and the justification for Emuhaya CDFC strategic
plan. Chapter two highlights Emuhaya CDFC’s mandate, CDFC committees, financial disbursement
to Emuhaya CDFC since 2003, the performance of the Emuhaya CDFC in the last three years and
Emuhaya CDFC’s Vision, Mission and Core Values.

Chapter three presents the situational analysis in terms of performance of all development sectors
and key challenges which will have to be addressed in order to uplift the standards of living of the
people of Emuhaya. Chapter four is a review of various opportunities while acknowledging the
limiting factors that affect Emuhaya CDFC’s enhanced participation and contribution to the
development efforts. Chapter five presents a strategic framework that gives the Strategic goals,
objectives, strategies and expected output for the period 2010-2015.

Chapter six gives a roadmap of how the Strategic Development Plan will be implemented, while
chapter seven covers the Monitoring and Evaluation aspect. The last part of the Strategic Plan is an
implementation matrix during the Plan period indicating the activity to be undertaken, the expected
results, the time frame, the targets and the estimated cost.

This Strategic Plan has been formulated with a view to acting as a guide towards improved
efficiency in resource-utilization for enhanced service-delivery and assessment of performance and
achievements of the Constituency within a period of five years. The following therefore, is a
summary of specific targets per sector that Emuhaya CDFC will be undertaking in the Plan period;

In the education sector, main emphasis will be placed on improving the infrastructure in all our
schools, renovating existing classrooms and constructing new ones. Academic performance,
particularly that of the girl child, will be improved by constructing boarding facilities and equipping
science laboratories in Secondary schools and sponsoring Mocks and Cats while at the same time
increasing enrolment and retention rates through provision of bursary support.

In agriculture, the main focus will be on food security by adopting modern farming methods.
Horticulture will be promoted through establishment of greenhouses and the promotion of small
scale irrigation practices. In addition, commercialization of agriculture will be done through capacity
building on value addition and assisting in the construction of small scale agricultural and livestock
processing plants. Emphasis will be placed on fish-farming by establishing more fish ponds as well
as fish hatcheries and constructing a fish cold storage and processing plant. In addition, the
cooperative movement will be promoted to spearhead value addition. This will involve reviving the
collapsed Coffee Society in Emuhaya and rehabilitating the coffee factory besides supplying coffee
seedlings for new farmers.

Under infrastructure development, priority will be placed on opening, grading and gravelling the
entire road network in Emuhaya to an all-weather standard while at the same time maintaining the
same roads periodically. In addition, major and foot bridges will be given due consideration to link
the road network in the Constituency.

In the energy sector, electricity will be extended to cover the entire constituency by connecting all
public institutions and markets. In order to promote investment in key sectors of our economy,
security will be boosted throughout the Constituency through construction of new police posts and

                                                     11
                               EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
AP. lines as well as recruiting and training community police besides equipping the security organs
and facilitating their movement/patrols.

To ensure increased accessibility to healthcare, this Strategic Development Plan will endeavour to
engage the relevant Ministry towards upgrading Emuhaya Sub District Hospital to a District level so
as to reduce referral cases to other hospitals outside Emuhaya. Existing health Centres will be
equipped, maternity wings and staff houses and other facilities constructed. Within the Plan period,
an ambulance will be procured for the District hospital.

In the water sector, emphasis will be placed on increased water and sanitation facilities through
rehabilitation of the existing water springs and construction of new water projects, expanding
existing water schemes and constructing boreholes.

Under environment Conservation, focus will be placed on fencing all shrines in the constituency,
protecting water catchment areas, restoration of wetlands, arresting soil-erosion, reforesting
hilltops, and capacity building on waste-management. Promotion of environmental awareness at all
levels will also be undertaken.

To increase income levels in the Constituency, capacity-building in entrepreneurship will be
undertaken by establishing, encouraging and supporting of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs).
In this regard, youth empowerment through supporting youth groups in income-generating activities
will be promoted through the construction and equipping of the Cultural Centre and marketing of
our cultural activities; promoting tourism through identifying and marketing tourist sites, finalizing
the construction of the District Cultural Centre and equipping it.

The financial consideration for realizing the said targets will be pegged on an average annual CDF
allocation of KShs.70M spread over the Plan period of 5 years totaling to Kshs.350M besides other
additional disbursements affiliated to CDF like the KERRA funds for rural roads amounting to about
KShs. 30M annually and REA allocation of KShs.18M.




                                                    12
                              EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
                                                  CHAPTER ONE

                                                  INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of Emuhaya Constituency

This chapter provides basic information about Emuhaya Constituency in terms of size,
administrative structures, population projections and socio-economic activities.

1.2 Administrative and Political Units
Emuhaya Constituency, which doubles up as Emuhaya District, is one of the nineteen districts in
Western Province. The District was curved from Vihiga District in 2007. The Constituency borders
Butere District to the North, Vihiga District to the East, Kisumu West District to South and Gem
District to the West. It covers a total area of 173.2 km².

Administratively, the Constituency comprises four Divisions namely Luanda, Esiembero,
Elukongo and Ekwanda. Each Division in turn is divided into four Locations. (for details see table
1 and map below). The Constituency has one local authority namely Luanda Town Council though
some of the electoral Wards fall under Vihiga County Council. Currently the Constituency has 10
electoral Wards.

Table 1: Administrative Units and Area by Division
 Division               Area (km²)             Locations                                         Sub-locations
 Luanda                 58.4                   4                                                 16
 Ekwanda                41.1                   4                                                 13
 Esiembero              29.6                   4                                                 11
 Elukongo               44.5                   4                                                 14
 TOTAL                  173.6                  16                                                54
Source: District Statistics Office,



1.3 Population
According to the 1999 population census, the population of Emuhaya was estimated to be 161,712.
This population was expected to grow at an average rate of 2.2% per annum. According to the
2008 projections, Emuhaya had, 231,752 persons. Based on the area of 173.2 sq. km, Emuhaya
Constituency has an average population density of 1,234 persons per sq. km (see table 2 below),
which is one of the highest densities in the rural areas of Kenya.

Table 2:       Population Projections 1999 - 2014
 Division              1999                       2010                           2012                       2014
                   T           D            T              T               D               D            T          D

 Luanda          92462        938        130034          138352          1403             1319

 Emuhaya         69250        928        97390           103619          1389             1306
 Total          161712         934       227424          241971          1397             1313
Source:District Statistics Office, Mbale (2008)




                                                            13
                                      EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
Map 1: EMUHAYA DISTRICT – NEW ADMINISTRATIVE UNITS




                                             14
                       EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
1.4 Socio –Economic Profile
A larger proportion of Emuhaya Constituency can be classified as arable. The major on-farm
activities constitute mainly crop production and livestock rearing, Crops grown include tea, maize,
beans, sorghum, ground nuts, bananas, sweet potatoes, local vegetables and coffee though on a
small scale. With livestock rearing majority of residents in the constituency keep local breeds of
cattle and poultry. The constituency however has great potential for horticultural farming and
irrigation. Some of the constituents are also involved in small business activities which need to be
developed.

The Constituency has a large population mainly comprising of youth who are unemployed. Due to
this fact most of them have engaged themselves in drug and substance abuse and theft. This
problems need to addressed urgently for the youths to contribute to national development.

In education the constituency has several primary and secondary schools. Most of these schools
need serious renovation and staffing. The teacher/pupil ratio is quite high. There are five youth
polytechnics.

On health the constituency has two Mission hospitals, one Sub District Hospital five Health Centres,
five Dispensaries and eleven Private clinics. There is need to upgrade the sub district hospital to a
district one while at the same time upgrading at least two health Centres to sub Distict status. The
constituency lacks adequate rental houses for the people who want to stay around the district
headquarters.

There is need for rental houses to be put around the headquarters in order to accelerate the
development activities that are likely to accompany the formation of the Emuhaya district.

On infrastructure the constituency has approximately 30km of paved roads, 40km gravel surface
while others are earth surface. There are two piped water schemes, two boreholes and a number of
springs which provide water to the constituents. The constituency is near adequately covered by
electricity though most residents are yet to connect.


1.4 The Preparation of the Strategic Plan

Based on the lessons learnt in the past three years that the current Emuhaya CDFC has been in
existence, we have chosen to put in place a Strategic Development Plan to steer us through the
next five years (2010-2015) This plan is a product of a highly participatory, consultative and
inclusive stakeholders’ process carried out between the months of February - May, 2010.
Specifically, the process enlisted the support and active participation of LDCs, PMCs, Constituency
Professionals, Politicians, Constituency Development Fund Committee, Constituency Stakeholders
Consultative Forum, the Community, and all heads of Government Departments in the District. The
process also saw extensive review of relevant documents such as Emuhaya District Development
Plan, Luanda Town Council LASDAP, Emuhaya Strategic Development Plan 2008-2018, Emuhaya
District Council of Elders New Social Rules and Guidelines for Accelerated Development of
Emuhaya, and Kenya Demographic Health Surveys. As a requirement the plan is aligned to Kenya
Vision 2030, Economic Stimulus Program and Millennium Development Goals.

This SDP focuses on Agricultural modernization, provision of education facilities, increasing access
to water and sanitation facilities, increased access to health facilities, development of physical
Infrastructure, revamping of tourism, reversing environment degradation, reducing insecurity,

                                                    15
                              EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
empowerment the youth and streamlining monitoring and evaluation. A number of strategic
objectives have been proposed and include: Promotion of horticulture, crop and animal production;
improving academic performance in educational institutions; increasing community access to safe
water for domestic and economic use; improving existing health care facilities and systems and
improvement in road infrastructure.


1.5 Justification for a Strategic Plan

Emuhaya CDFC has been in existence for more than six years and has operated on the basis of
work plans and rolling budgets to achieve its objectives. The operations of the CDFC have,
however, grown in terms of number, size and scope such that a more focused guidance is deemed
necessary. In the meantime, the Government has developed policies and programmes that present
opportunities and challenges that impact on the affairs of the Fund. Top among the policy and
programmes include: Kenya Vision 2030, MTP, ESP, and MDGs.

This Strategic Development Plan will act as a bridge between the leadership and the community. It
will enable the leadership or the implementers to communicate development strategies, goals and
objectives to their Constituents with justification. This will lead to a more effective use of community
resources and act as a leadership and management tool to assist the committee to meet its set
objectives. It will also serve as a measure against which progress towards attainment of those
objectives will be appraised.




                                                     16
                               EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
                                         CHAPTER TWO

BACKGROUND TO NATIONAL CONSTITUENCIES DEVELOPMENT FUND
PROGRAMME
2.1. Introduction
This chapter basically describes the CDFC mandate, CDF committees, Emuhaya CDFC, the
performance of Emuhaya CDFC in the lastly three years and Emuhaya’s Vision, Mission and Core
Values.

2.2. Constituencies Development Fund Mandate
The Constituencies Development Fund (CDF) was established through an Act of Parliament, which
was gazetted under Kenya Gazette Supplement No. 107 (Act No. 11) of 9th January 2004.
The objectives of the fund are:
     • to activate development activities at the Constituency level in order to reduce poverty;
     • to promote equity in sharing of national resources,
     • to reduce imbalances in regional development,
     • to provide opportunities for local communities to get involved in development planning and
         project implementation.
The fund comprises an annual budgetary allocation equivalent to 2.5% of Government's ordinary
revenue. 75% of the fund is allocated equally amongst all 210 Constituencies. The remaining 25%
is allocated as per Constituency poverty index and population size.

Emuhaya CDFC has been in existence for more than six years. Its operation has grown in terms of
number, size and scope; requiring a more focused guidance. Similarly, the magnitude of
decentralized funds such as the Local Authority Transfer Fund (LATF), the District Roads
Maintenance Levy Fund, the Constituency/District HIV/AIDS Fund, the Bursary Funds, Youth
Enterprise Fund, Women Enterprise Fund, and others has increased. The increased local resource
management calls for better planning, coordination, and monitoring to avoid mismanagement,
duplication, and wastage of resources.


2.3 The Constituencies Development Fund Committees

The CDFC Act establishes four committees to manage the Fund. These include;
     • Parliamentary Standing Committee on CDF
     • the National Management Board (NMB),
     • the District Project Committee (DPC)
     • the Constituency Development Fund Committee (CDFC).
The Act clearly spells out the functions and the mandate of the Fund to ensure that the fund
operates efficiently. For example, the Emuhaya CDFC is a committee at the Constituency level with
institutional roles in managing the operations and monitoring the implementation of projects under
the Fund. The CDFC has membership of up to15 people and the Act provides how to appoint or
nominate 12 members while the remaining 3 are appointed at the discretion of the Member of
Parliament. Whereas the MP is an automatic member he may opt out in which case the committee
is obliged to elect a chairman.
The membership is drawn from within the Constituency and members must be people of honesty,
high integrity and ability to read and write. The Act also stipulates other considerations such as
diverse representation related to gender, political and ethnic orientations.

                                                   17
                             EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
The office tenure for CDFC members is three years and members are eligible for re-appointment.
CDFC therefore, comprises:
• The area Member of Parliament
• Two Councillors from the Constituency
• One District Officer from the Constituency
• Two persons representing religious organisations
• Two men representatives from the Constituency
• Two women representatives from the Constituency
• One youth representative
• One person nominated from the NGOs in the Constituency
• Three other members (nominated by the M.P.)

The Fund Accounts Manager is a Government officer charged with the responsibility of supervising
and controlling day to day administration of the Fund by preparing regular periodic returns, keeping
proper books of account, signing and transmitting to the NMB as well as performing other duties
reasonably assigned by the National Board.

The Fund Accounts Manager is also at the disposal of the CDFC when it comes to interpreting the
CDF Act, CDF regulations, Government financial regulations and Treasury circulars. It is important
to note that the CDF Act is currently under review to better the implementation of the CDF. The
review task force was launched on 23 July, 2009 by the Minister for Planning.


2.4. Constituency Development Fund Committee

The Constituency Development Fund Committee (CDFC) is the policy and implementing arm of the
Emuhaya CDF. The mandate of CDFC includes the following; to administer, allocate, monitor
and account for the funds channeled to the Constituency through the CDF kitty. It is also
answerable to the National Management Board. The CDFC has the responsibility of building the
capacity of the local communities so that they can identify priority needs and development projects
to be funded by the CDFC. The PMCs are the basic units of implementing projects supported by
CDFC.
From the Act, the specific functions of CDFC are as follows:
• CDFC members are expected to interpret and apply the Principles of the CDF Act of 2003 and
    subsequent amendments to the same Act.
• Play an oversight role to the Project Management Committees (PMCs)
• Consult with the stakeholders to design and prioritize development projects for respective
    Locations
• Formulate project proposals for submission to the National Management Board in line with the
    project outlined in the CDF Act.
• CDFC is the custodian of all moveable and fixed assets acquired by the CDF and are expected
    to hand over the same to a new Committee (i.e. whenever its term expires, or once Parliament
    is dissolved) and a new committee is appointed.
• The CDFC shall cause for proper record-keeping and documentation of all projects funded by
    the CDF
• Carry out baseline surveys and assessment of needs to determine the priority needs or
    projects of each Location or sub-location
• Conduct Monitoring and Evaluation of CDFC projects periodically as stipulated in the Act.


                                                    18
                              EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
•   Formulate appropriate criteria for project approval and participation by partners and
    stakeholders
•   Meet monthly and not more than twice a month to review progress as well as discuss issues
    related to their functions and mandate
•   Post relevant information at strategic points for public consumption
•   Formulate policy options or recommendations to the Board for consideration.

2.5. Location Development Committees

This is the level at which identification of community needs is done and proposals of projects to be
funded by the CDF are made. These meetings are supposed to be as inclusive as possible in order
to give a fair representation by giving the community a chance to contribute by proposing
community development needs and projects. It is the responsibility of the CDFC to conduct
meetings at this level.

In addition, the Emuhaya CDFC works closely with heads of departments. The general role of the
departmental heads is to give technical advice to projects under their jurisdiction. The key
departments that Emuhaya CDFC works with include, District Development Office, Education,
Agriculture, Public Health, Roads, Public Works, Water, District Accounts Office, Procurement,
Audit, Environment, Culture, Youth and Sports, Gender and Social Services, among others. The
departmental heads are ex-officio members of the District Project Committee (DPC), which has a
coordinating function for all development projects including those initiated by the CDFC or
implemented by the PMCs.

Since its inception in 2003 the National Management Board of CDF has disbursed a total of KShs.
297,178,606.00 to Emuhaya Constituency distributed sector-wise as follows:-

2.6. Overview of Emuhaya CDFC operations

The current CDF Committee came into office in July 2008 following a by-election in which Hon. Dr.
Wilbur Ottichilo, became the area Member of Parliament to replace Hon. Marende who had been
elected the Speaker of the National Assembly. Immediately Hon. Dr. Wilbur Ottichilo was sworn in
as the Member of Parliament for Emuhaya, he put in place a CDF Committee as required by the
CDF Act which empowers an incoming M.P. to constitute a new committee to administer the Fund
for a period of three years.

The current CDFC comprises the following;
• The area Member of Parliament – Hon. Dr. Ottichilo
• Two Councillors from the Constituency – Nelson Andale and Clyde Kweya
• One District Officer from the Constituency – Charles Njeru
• Two persons representing religious organisations- Betty Opati and Ernest Akhaenda
• Two men representatives from the Constituency- Rameson Ongalo and Charles Amimo
• Two women representatives from the Constituency – Bsp. Hellen Alitsi & Sophia Monyo
• One youth representative – Morrison Osanya
• One person nominated from the NGOs in the Constituency – Paul Mukuna
• Three other members (nominated by the M.P.) Peter Okeng’a, John Newton Okwiya &
   Zebedee Osabwa




                                                    19
                              EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
Table 3: CDF Disbursement to Emuhaya Constituency Since 2003 in ‘000’s

 Sector            03/04    04/05         05/06         06/07         07/08        08/09       09/10       Total
 Agriculture       2122.3   6093.812      1880          309.301       1786.482     2735.196    1050        18227.091
 Bridges           Nil      428.837       7250.         8887.233      6078.837     1150        800         28994.907
 Education         2050     7964.439      14205.3       13209.508     14303.566    12638.897   13900       77271.764
 Electrification   Nil      300           2850          300           474.058      1000        450         5374.088
 Mocks& Tests      Nil      Nil           Nil           Nil           2500         Nil         1500        4000
 Environment       Nil      270           200           100`          300`         500         1023.839    2393.830
 Health            447.7    4155.5        3750          2500          1157.964     2850        3050        17911.164
 Roads             600      2193.296      133.328       8000          4000         10401.428   12000       37328.052
 Security          Nil      1065          2250          950           750          4678.069    6800        16493.069
 Sports            Nil      Nil           Nil           Nil           Nil          1046.299    1277.740    2323.540
 Trade&Industry    Nil      Nil           749,9         950           Nil          200         Nil         1899.9
 Water             Nil      Nil           1100          1900          2407.701     1799        800         8006.701
 Recurrent Exp.    Nil      Nil           Nil           Nil           Nil          1569.448    1915.816    3485.264
 Emerg. Fund       Nil      1333.3433     1673.481      2318.3        2232.619     2232.169    2847.481    3485.264
 StudentsBursary   600      2800          2500          4000          5000         6638.619    6140        23678.619
 Administration    180      830.599       1075.758      1490.265      1499.470     1499.470    1830.437    8405.999
 CDFC Offices      Nil      169.401       Nil           Nil           5000         4831        5400        15231
 CDFC Vehicle      Nil      Nil           Nil           Nil           2800         Nil         Nil         2800
 TOTAL             6000     32754..171    40618.806     49964.607     52214.027    52314.947   63862.047   297,178.606


2.7 Performance of the CDFC in the last three years

Since it came into office three years ago, the current Emuhaya CDFC has made great
strides in delivery of service to the constituents in every key sector as highlighted below;

2.7.1 Agriculture

Among the projects being implemented in the Agricultural sector include, livestock development,
fisheries, veterinary and crop-development. In the last three years, Emuhaya CDFC has managed
to rehabilitate two cattle dips at Echichibulu and Emusire, stock three fish hatcheries at Ebusiralo
godown, Hillside Ebulako and Esikhuyu Munjiti, construct six tea-buying Centres at Esibuye,
Emuhaya, Esirulo, Emusenjeli, Esirembela and Ebubayi, promote horticulture, poultry, bee-keeping,
dairy farming and rehabilitate the coffee industry in Emuhaya by reviving Musinaka Coffee factory
in Ebusamia Location .

2.7.2 Education

Since its inception, the education sector has taken about 35% of Emuhaya CDFC allocation. Of this
amount, primary school improvement has taken the lion’s share followed by bursary allocation to
needy students in various institutions of learning. In the last three years, the Emuhaya CDFC has
supported the construction of classrooms in 80 Primary Schools, 20 secondary schools, 4
polytechnics, 2 science laboratories, 2 libraries in Secondary Schools and triple-door pit latrines in
20 primary schools. In addition, the CDFC has awarded about 2, 253 students with bursaries to
pursue their education in various academic institutions. To further enhance education performance
in the Constituency, the CDFC has supported the type-setting, printing and marking of District
Mocks and Continuous Assessment Tests.

2.7.3 Infrastructure development

Since its inception, Emuhaya CDFC has focused on road-opening, grading, gravelling and
culverting besides extending the National grid to various parts of the Constituency. This has been
done to increase access to public institutions such as schools, markets, health facilities and


                                                           20
                                     EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
movement of agricultural produce to available markets. In the last three years, Emuhaya CDFC has
opened, graded, and graveled 10 major roads as follows.
The following roads were completed during 2008/2009 period: Luanda to Esirulo, Fort Jesus to
Esirulo, Esirabe to Emagada, Emakakha to Ebusiloli and Ekwanda to Emaloba while the
following were completed during 2009/10: Luanda to Ekwanda, Epanga to wemilabi, wemilabi to
Emagada. The following roads are under construction during 2010/11: Esiandumba to Eramula,
Ebuyalu-Ebukoolo-Erabuor, Ebuyangu to Emusire. The roads that have been graded but not
murramed are: Maseno to Ebwiranyi, Essongolo to Standi Matope, Khwipanga to
Ekwanda/Mwitukho, Ebukanga to Esikhuyu, Wekhomo to Hobunaka

A number of foot-bridges and bridges have been constructed during the period 2008 to 2010. The
Ogada bridge connecting Ebunangwe/Ikumu to Kilingili was completed and opened in mid-2009.
The construction cost Ksh. 5m. The foot-bridges constructed are Esirumba, Khusikuku, Manyasi,
Mundika, Okonda, Okondo, Owakhatonde, Machenieli, Mmusimbi and Wamwila. The
Mukhalakhala Bridge connecting Luanda to Ekwanda is under construction at a cost of 5 Million
Shillings. Money (Ksh. 8m) for construction of Emmukunzi bridge connecting Emmukunzi to
Ematsuli will be released before the end of 2010 and construction is expected to commence in
January 2011.

During the period 2008 to 2010, a lot has been achieved in terms of power supply to the main
markets and secondary schools. In 2008/9, the following areas received power: Emanyanya
Secondary school and market, Emmukunzi polytechnic, Ebukhaya secondary school,
Esirulo market , Ebusiralo polytechnic and Ebusikhale areas. In2009/10 the following areas
received power: Ebwiranyi secondary school and Mukhalakhala market, Ebulonga Secondary
School, Essongolo secondary School, Nzalwa polytechnic,Ebukoolo Chief’s
Centre,Ebukanga Secondary School and Sofia market and Esirulo water Supply.
In August 2010 construction work on Mwituha Secondary School and environs commenced and is
to be extended to Ilungu market and Ematsuli Secondary School.
The planned construction for 2010/11 include: Kwiliba to Emaloba, Musitinyi health Cenctre,
Ipali to Ebulondi Primary School, Ebusundi Primary School, Emmatsi Secondary School and
Wemilabi to Essongolo.
To aid public administration and security, the Emuhaya CDFC has constructed Emuhaya District
Commissioner’s residential house, two Chief’s Offices at Ebukanga and Mulukhoro besides six
Police staff houses at Esirulo, Mwichio, Emanyinya, Ebusiratsi, Essaba and Mulukhoro.

2.7.4 Health

The Emuhaya CDFC recognizes that good health will play an important role in boosting economic
growth, poverty-reduction and the realization of strategic goals in the next five years. In particular,
the CDFC has constructed wards at Ebusiratsi, Ekwanda, Musitinyi and Ipali Health Centres.
It has also constructed three outpatient wings at Ematsuli, Mumboha, Esitsaba, Eliangoma,
Emusenjeli, Ekamanji and Ebusyubi Dispensaries. CDF has supported Kima Mission hospital for
the construction of a theatre and also a hostel at Maseno Hospital.
CDF has supported the electrification of the Ekwanda Health Centre. Rehabilitated Esiarambatsi,
Eliangoma, Ebukanga, Ekamanji and Luanda at a cost of 700,000/=. Emusire outpatient


                                                     21
                               EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
Department being done at a cost of 700,000/=. CDF supported Kima and Maseno Hospitals in
infrastructure construction. CDF has allocated money for buying equipment in the Health Centres.

2.7.5 Environment

The Emuhaya CDFC planted 13,000 stems of gravillea robusta trees in 8 primary schools
(Mumboha, Ekwanda, Ebusiratsi, Mwituha, Esiandumba, Esirabe, Ebwali, and Ebukanga),
protected three shrines two at Ebusiekwe and one in Ebukoolo and set aside funds to
protect wetlands at Mwiliba and Mwitoko. In addition, CDF has trained women groups in
Emuhaya on energy-saving stoves and tip tap technology and promoted the planting of
tree nurseries.

2.7.6 Socio–Cultural and Youth activities

CDFC co-funded the 2008 and 2009 Cultural festivals. CDFC constructed three workshops in four
Youth Polytechnics namely; Ematete, Nzalwa, Ebusiralo and Emmukunzi as well as supporting the
electrification of the District Youth office at Emuhaya. CDF has also sponsored two football
tournaments in 2009 and 2010 besides supporting athletics at the provincial level.
In 2010, the Cultural Council will diversify activities at the festival to include performing arts and
visual arts.




For the youths, CDF will invest more in youth activities. So far CDF supplied electricity in the Youth
Office. Two ICT Centres planned for Esibuye and Kima by CDF. Youth Groups funded in buying
dairy goats. Capacity Building in entrepreneurship to be sponsored by CDF. 34 Youth shortlisted for
the Youth Loan Scheme. 3M allocated for funding 60 groups in District from the Youth Enterprise
Fund. Youth groups to be asked to diversify operations. Youths to be trained using the Youth Fund
but CDF can buy them direct inputs not cash. Young Farmers Clubs to be revived. Ministry of
education, Ministry of Youth Affairs and CDF to link up and activate 4k clubs.




                                                    22
                              EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
                                         CHAPTER THREE

                                   SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS
3.1 Introduction:

In this chapter, we present a glimpse into the performance and challenges facing various
development sectors in the Constituency. Since it was established, Emuhaya Constituency
Development Fund Committee has attempted to initiate projects and programs aimed at uplifting
the living standards of the Abanyole people. However, the constituency is still characterized by high
incidences of poverty. The causes of poverty are diverse and include; lack of capital to invest, high
population, un-economical land units, high dependency syndrome, HIV/AIDs, alcoholism, high cost
of education, poor infrastructure, lack of market for farm produce and repugnant cultural beliefs and
practices. It is worth noting that the high poverty levels are contributed by early marriages, high
school dropouts with no employment opportunities and poor implementation of pro-poor projects.
Poverty reduction will have to rank high among the strategic issues in this strategic plan.

3.2 Agriculture and Rural Development

The sector comprises, crop production, livestock production, cooperative and fisheries
development. Emuhaya Constituency has 60% of 164 Km2 arable land out of the total area of
173.2km2.

3.2.1. Crop Production

Due to high population density, the average farm size is about 0.5 hectares which is basically used
for subsistence farming. Most farms suffer from the striga menace and there is need for capacity-
building in controlling striga. For horticulture, greenhouses are not doing well due to untreated soil.
With many bananas, value addition can be an option. The Ministry of Agriculture is promoting the
growing of high breed avocados, passion fruit, pineapples and mangoes.




Generally, subsistence crop production is not doing well because of the following;
   • high population density,
   • traditional farming methods,
   • declining land productivity,
   • poor market access,
   • unaffordable credit facilities,
   • inaccessible farm inputs and

                                                     23
                               EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
    •   poor access to agricultural information.
    •   Low adaptation rates of agriculture as a business.

The Constituency is however endowed with rivers and springs which can be harnessed for
promotion of modern agricultural technologies to increase food security.

3.2.2. Livestock Production

Livestock production in Emuhaya comprises dairy cows, goats and beekeeping Limited breeding
stock for livestock production is a main problem in this sub sector. CDF has been partnering with
the Ministry of Livestock Development in capacity building for youths and women groups to
promote the sector. Beekeeping is the best for youth groups. The demand for livestock products
like milk, hides and dung for manure out-strips the supply. Livestock production faces challenges
like lack of community-owned cattle dips, few service providers and livestock diseases.




3.2.3 Fisheries:

The population of fish farmers is still low with areas that are covered by ponds being 15,766 sqM.
The main species of fish include tilapia and cat fish. Presently, the number of fish ponds stands at
398. The sub sector is currently experiencing improvement as a result of the Economic Stimulus
Programme and capacity strengthening to fish farmers. Lack of fish storage facilities is still a
challenge. There is need for increased fish pond production in order to take advantage of the
expanding market opportunities.




3.2.4 Cooperative development
All major agricultural cooperative societies have collapsed in Emuhaya. The collapse has witnessed
a significant reduction in coffee and milk production. These moribund cooperative societies have
impacted negatively on revamping horticultural production at the Constituency level. Therefore,

                                                    24
                              EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
during this strategic plan period, cooperative movements will have to be revived to encourage
farmers to carry out value addition of their produce. In particular, efforts will be put towards reviving
Bunyore Coffee Farmers Society to revamp coffee growing

3.3 Education and Human Resource

The constituency has 97 primary schools and 32 secondary schools. In both primary and
secondary schools, the enrolment for girls is higher than that for boys. In primary schools, the
teacher-pupil ratio is high with one teacher handling around 60 pupils. In Primary, there are a total
of 1,003 Government teachers (males – 512 and females – 491). For primary schools, there are
51,466 pupils (25,351 boys and 26,115 girls)

In Secondary schools there are 262 teachers (males 63 and females 99). Secondary schools have
9,976 students (4803 boys and 5173 girls). Over 91% of the pupils attend public schools in both
primary and secondary levels. Over 9,344 (Boys 4737, Girls 4607) children attend the available 203
ECD schools. There are few tertiary colleges including Youth Polytechnics which are not well
attended.

In 2009, the District Education Board approved the conversion of some mixed Secondary schools
to single sex boarding schools as below; Girls Boarding (Ebusiratsi, Esibila, Ibubi, Ebusakami,
Ebukanga, Kilingili), Boys Boarding (Hobunaka, Esalwa, Ebubayi, Ekwanda) Ebusyubi Primary
was to become a mixed Boarding Primary School.




Emuhaya CDF has allocated huge sums of money to the education sector

The main challenges faced by this sector include;

    •    Poor academic performance,
    •    Several condemned classrooms,
    •    High drop and repeat rate,
    •    Poor sanitation facilities
    •    Overstretched infrastructure,
    •    Increased enrolment,
    •    Dilapidated infrastructure,
    •    Understaffing and
    •    Poor management of schools.

There 2 adult education centres which are experiencing staff shortage and inadequate teaching
and learning materials. To address some of these challenges, the Emuhaya CDFC will have to

                                                       25
                                 EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
support construction and renovation of additional ECD Centres, classrooms, dormitories, science
laboratories, school administration blocks, construction of gender friendly sanitation facilities and
procuring examination printing press.

3.4 Water and Sanitation

Most people in Emuhaya constituency do not have access to piped water and opt to use water
drawn from springs, rivers, wells and from boreholes. Most of this water is not treated and can lead
to waterborne diseases. However, in the recent past, the Constituency has witnessed the revival of
major water projects including Maseno water supply and Esirulo pipeline besides rehabilitating and
protected many water springs all over the Constituency. This has led to provision of clean water
and improved sanitation. The presence of all season flowing rivers and springs if well harnessed
can improve irrigation especially for horticultural production. Although sanitation facilities are
available at the household level, there are no waste and sewage disposal facilities in most of the
public places such as markets and towns. There will be need to construct sanitation and social
facilities in such places in the Constituency to prevent waterborne diseases.




3.5 Health

The constituency has a Sub District Hospital which is supported by health Centres and
Dispensaries. There are two Mission Hospitals and one Nursing homes. There are a number of
private Clinics which are also operational. The most prevalent diseases are Malaria, respiratory
infections, pneumonia, skin diseases, HIV/AIDS and intestinal worms. In addition, malnutrition has
also been reported in some parts of the Constituency. Mechanisms of coping with the management
and control of these diseases and other health related problems are still lacking. During the
implementation of this plan, the focus of CDFC will be to ensure accessibility to quality healthcare. :
Equipment (Inventory of equipment needed in every facility).




                     Esitsaba Dispensary in Ebuhando (constructed by Emuhaya CDF)

                                                     26
                               EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
3.6 Physical Infrastructure

The Constituency has established the Constituency Roads Committee which oversees the
construction and maintenance of all roads that are classified in the District. Presently, a number of
roads and bridges are being constructed to ensure that there is easy transportation of people and
goods in the Constituency. However, more roads are yet to be opened and even those already
constructed will require maintenance. There are also several projects that fall under rural
electrification programme that are being implemented in the constituency. However, many public
institutions such as schools, dispensaries, and market still lack electricity. During this plan period,
CDFC will ensure that electricity is supplied to all, if not; most of these institutions.




                Epang’a to Emagada road is one of the roads constructed recently by Emuhaya CDF

3.7 Trade and Industry

The Constituency has Luanda town which is strategically placed along Kisumu- Busia highway. The
town has a long history in terms of trade within the Western, Nyanza, and Rift Valley Provinces.
The rapid growth of Luanda town has been attributed to Abanyole business prowess, increase in
the number of financial institutions and the high population in Emuhaya which offers market to
various trade commodities. Currently, the volume of business has increased as a result of security,
good infrastructure, improved crop production, and animal husbandry. However, there are no
established industries in spite of immeasurable amounts of rocks that can be used for ballast, slabs
and tile production. Moreover, modern tourist facilities such as hotels, travel and tour operators are
unavailable. During this strategic plan period, efforts will be made to revamp trade, industries and
tourism through provision of infrastructure and increased accessibility to tourist attraction sites and
security.




Small-scale business-ladies at Luanda market

3.8 Environment

Several environmental related challenges still persist in the Constituency. These include;
    • unsustainable management of the eco-system,
    • increased pollution especially in urban centres,

                                                        27
                                  EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
    •   environmental degradation along the river banks and
    •    mismanagement of liquid and solid wastes.
    •   Soil erosion and land degradation
    •




        A tree-nursery in Emuhaya for supplying seedlings meant for environmental replenishment

Others include poor land use systems;
   • improper waste disposal,
   • pollution of rivers and springs,
   • Invasion of the existing forests and water catchment areas.

Similarly, the Constituency experiences disaster related incidences such as fire outbreaks,
hailstones and lightning. Government has trained its staff on disaster-management. During this plan
period, CDFC will endeavor to reverse environmental degradation by reforestation and protection of
and restoration of wetlands and water catchment areas as well as promote good land use
practices.

3.9 Other Cross-Cutting Issues

3.9.1 Security

CDF has over the past three years invested huge sums of funds towards improving security in the
Constituency by putting up AP lines and Police Posts. This has in turn improved overall security in
the Constituency. However, there exist some pockets of insecurity which can be attributed to;
    • poverty,
    • increased population,
    • limited job opportunities,
    • poor security management,
    • break down of community values and
    • drug abuse
Such acts scares away potential investors to keep off due to the fear of incurring losses.
Incidences of house breaking, assault and stock theft are on the decline. During this plan period,
CDFC will strive to reduce insecurity by constructing more AP Camps and police posts, equipping
the security organs as well as recruiting and training community police. CDFC will also buy a
security vehicle and introduce security toll-free cell-phone numbers.




                                                     28
                               EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
3.9.2 The Youth
There is a high population of youths in the Constituency forming 76% of the total population (0-
34yrs). The youths in the Constituency have formed groups that engage in productive activities and
some are even receiving support from the Ministry of Youth Affairs. However, the majority of the
youths in the Constituency are involved in drug-abuse besides contracting sexually transmitted
infections. While there is the political will to ensure that the youths are empowered, the youth have
limited information on how to empower themselves. During the plan period, the youth will be trained
in entrepreneurship, ICT and will also be helped to access credit facilities. CDFC will continue to
sponsor soccer and athletics for the youths.




            Blue Rangers Football Club emerged tops in the 2009 CDF-Sponsored Youth tournament

3.9.3 HIV/AIDS
Emuhaya constituency has been hard hit by the HIV/AIDS with prevalence rate standing at 9.5%
which is much higher than the national rate of 5.1%. This is attributed to the fact that a major
highway passes through Luanda town which brings to the town many truck drivers as well as
business people. The Constituency has well trained and dedicated health staff and community
health workers, though inadequate which has hindered control of HIV infections. Anti retroviral
drugs are also available in the health facilities. There are several VCT centres in the constituency.
In the next five years, CDFC will support HIV AIDS awareness promotion.




         Emuhaya puts emphasis on the eradication of HIV/AIDS. CDF partners with NGOs in this sector

                                                      29
                                EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
3.9.4 Poverty
The poverty index for Emuhaya stands at 58%. Generally, this poverty situation is due to;
    • inadequate capital to invest,
    • high population,
    • un-economical land units,
    • high dependency syndrome,
    • HIV/AIDs,
    • alcoholism,
    • high cost of education,
    • poor infrastructure,
    • lack of market for farm inputs and
    • repugnant cultural beliefs and practices.




Poverty levels are high in Emuhaya, CDF strives to bring the index down by empowering the community

3.9.5 ICT
The Constituency has inadequate ICT Centres where people can access internet services.
However, the availability of electricity in most trading Centres can ease the installation of internet
facilities. The major mobile phone networks are available almost all over the Constituency while
most radio and television signals are also received. During the implementation of this plan, the
CDFC will strive to construct youth friendly ICT Centres and promote ICT uptake in schools and
vocational Centres.




                              Students busy learning at an ICT Clinic in Luanda

A comprehensive strategies for addressing the development challenges identified in this chapter
are provided in chapter five of this Strategic Plan.




                                                      30
                                EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
                                              CHAPTER FOUR

                                        INSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS

4. Introduction
This chapter reviews various opportunities while acknowledging the limiting factors that affect
Emuhaya’s CDFC’s enhanced participation and contribution to the development efforts in the
Constituency.

4.1 PESTEL ANALYSIS
The institutional context of Emuhaya CDFC is characterized by opportunities and challenges that
cut across political, economic, social, technological, environmental, and legal factors. Leveraging
on these opportunities and mitigating the challenges will be critical to ascertaining the specific
contributions that Emuhaya CDFC can make at the grass-root level.

Table 4: PESTEL Analysis findings

 Political     Kenya Vision 2030                 The national requirement that all local level strategic plans be aligned with
                                                 the Kenya Vision 2030 may enhance the CDFCs ability to achieve its
                                                 objectives.
               New Constitution                  The new Constitutional dispensation that is sweeping across the country
                                                 will have significant impact on the operation of the CDFC in terms of the
                                                 Act and subsequent policies.
               Changes in political              Changes in political representation will demand a degree of versatility on
               representation                    the part of the CDFC to deal with the possible implications of the politically
                                                 dynamic operational environment.
               Corruption                        The prevalent perception of corruption in the management of CDFC affairs
                                                 will have to be addressed to enable it play is rightful role in the socio-
                                                 economic development of the constituency
 Economic      CDF Board                         Since its enactment, the CDF Board has ensured timely and efficient
                                                 disbursement of funds to the constituency.
               Unpredicted Economic Growth       The annual CDFC budgetary allocation might significantly be affected by
                                                 the national economic growth. This growth will be impacted on by several
                                                 national and global activities. Such activities include; the levels of inflation,
                                                 Gross Domestic Product, development trends of imports and exports,
                                                 climatic changes, the findings of 2009 National Population Census, and
                                                 global economic meltdown
               Other Devolved Funds              Currently, the government has introduced other development funds within
                                                 the CDFC mandate. These include ESP, Kenya Rural Roads Authority,
                                                 and a host of other funds competing with the CDFC such as LATF.
               Poverty                           Poverty levels in the Constituency are among the highest in the region.
                                                 However, the constituency economy has remarkable potentials in terms of
                                                 agriculture, tourism, wind and solar energy, horticultural production, fish
                                                 farming, mining and exploitation of the vast granite rocks in curbing
                                                 poverty.
               Public/Private Partnership        There is a growing realization within the CDFC that the vast economic
                                                 opportunities which exist in the constituency can only be exploited to the
                                                 benefit of the constituents if the various development partners work
                                                 together
               Increased Awareness               There has been increased awareness on the citizen rights concerning
                                                 access to CDF Funds which is likely to increase the performance of the
                                                 CDFC.
 Social        Rich Cultural Heritage            The people living in Emuhaya constituency have a rich cultural heritage,
                                                 which offers immense opportunity for greater mutual understanding
                                                 between clans. However, the Abanyole culture is under threat occasioned
                                                 by its proximity to Kisumu city, drunkenness, intolerance, drug abuse, and
                                                 poor work ethics.
               High Population Growth            The high population increase in the constituency is expected to impact
                                                 negatively on socio-economic development. Some of the undesirable
                                                 effects of the population increase include increased dependency,

                                                          31
                                   EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
                                                        unemployment, and increased pressure on land and other basic facilities
                                                        such as health, education water infrastructure.
                     HIV/AIDS                           The high HIV/AIDS prevalence(9.5%) is likely to impact negatively on the
                                                        delivery of services by CDFC in the human resource sector.
 Technological       Access to ICT                      The constituency has the following institutions to its proximity; Maseno
                                                        University, Masinde Muliro University, Walter Reed Project, and
                                                        KEMRI/CDC. The constituency is further crossed by the Fiber optic Cable.
                                                        When well tapped these can help the constituency improved on ICT
                                                        uptake. Moreover, the constituency is well covered by the three leading
                                                        mobile phone networks, and vernacular radio coverage. However, these
                                                        developments will have no meaningful impact if the constituency continues
                                                        to be characterized by low internet connectivity, inadequate rural
                                                        electrification, limited use of alternative energy, over reliance on rain fed
                                                        agriculture, and lack youth friendly ICT centers.

 Environmental       Increased attention on             The constituency is situated within the Lake Victoria Basin (LVB). The LVB
                     environmental issues               is characterized by a number of national, regional and international
                                                        organizations involved in environmental restoration. These include; Lake
                                                        Basin Development Authority, National Environmental Management
                                                        Authority, Lake Victoria Regional Integrated Solid Waste Management,
                                                        Lake Victoria Region Local Authorities Cooperation, East African
                                                        Communities Organization for Management of Lake Victoria Resources,
                                                        and Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency. These
                                                        organizations are capable of influencing rapid environmental restoration in
                                                        the constituency

 Legal               Revision of the CDF Act            The CDF Act is also under review by a Government appointed taskforce.
                                                        The other relevant CDF legal frameworks are also under review. These will
                                                        offer opportunity to re-evaluate the legal structures that have been used to
                                                        operate the CDFC in terms of making them more efficient and effective.
                                                        These will also address the CDF Act enforcement weaknesses and the
                                                        associated problems of corruption and project duplication.




4.2 CONSTITUENCY SWOT ANALYSIS

Table 5: Swot Analysis Findings
SECTOR       STRENGTHS        WEAKNESSES                                     OPPORTUNITIES                  THREATS
1. Education     •      Availability of       •    Mismanagement of          •    Close proximity to        •    Teachers’ strikes.
                        trained                    resources.                     higher institutions       •    High turnover
                        teachers.             •    Understaffing.                 of learning -                  rates of teachers.
                 •      Availability of       •    High dropout rates.            Maseno University.        •    Disasters.
                        learners.             •    Inadequate school         •    Presence of               •    Student riots.
                 •      Presence of                development funds.             devolved funds.           •    Drug and
                        school                •    Scarcity of land.         •    Presence tertiary              substance abuse
                        supervisory           •    Unsupportive                   colleges.                 •
                        structures.                school mnagement          •    Provision of
                                                   committees                     teachers.
                                              •    Poor management           •    FPE/FSE
                                                   of schools                     Programs
                                              •    Poor school
                                                   infrastructure
                                              •    Apathy of parents
                                                   and students
2. Agriculture   •      Adequate              •    Inadequate                •    Provision of farm         •    Insecurity.
                        rainfall                   extension services.            inputs.                   •    Diseases.
                 •      Presence of           •    Poor agricultural         •    Presence of               •    Disasters
                        fertile land.              practices/husbandr             Economic Stimulus         •    Global climatic
                 •      Availability of            y.                             Programs (ESP).                changes
                        manpower.             •    Limited land for          •    Presence of               •    Frequent fall in

                                                                 32
                                          EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
               •   Potential for           cultivation/agricultur       devolved funds.             prices of key
                   horticultural           e                        •   Available                   agricultural
                   and other          •    Limited agricultural         agricultural                products
                   production              mechanization                extension officers      •   Unpredictable
               •   Availability of    •    Low uptake of                                            market
                   water                   modern agricultural
                   catchment               practices
                   areas              •    In adequate water
               •   Availability of         supply
                   local market
                   for agricultural
                   products
               •   Good road
                   network
3. Security    •   Availability of    •    Poor co-ordination       •   More
                   security                of security                  administrative          •   New crime
                   personnel.              personnel.                   units.                      techniques.
               •   Availability of    •    Apathy from the          •   Good                    •   Disasters.
                   offices for             general public.              communication           •   Infiltration of
                   security           •    Understaffing.               network.                    illegal firearms.
                   personnel.         •    Increasing               •   Ongoing police
               •   Presence of             consumption of               reforms
                   Community               illicit brews and        •   Availability of other
                   Policing                drugs                        devolved fund
                   Program.           •    Lack of patrol               such as youth fund
               •   Provision of            vehicles
                   enough             •    Corruption
                   stationery to      •    Apathy of court
                   the officers.           witnesses
4. Health      •   Availability of    •    Poor management.         •   Presence of             •   Increase in
                   health             •    Inadequate                   Economic Stimulus           HIV/AIDS
                   facilities.             personnel/drugs.             Program.                    prevalence.
               •   Availability of    •    Poor transport           •   Presence of             •   Limited funds for
                   personnel.              network.                     devolved funds.             health facility
               •   Availability of    •    Inadequate heath         •   Collaboration with          expansion.
                   drugs.                  equipment                    development             •   Limited availability
                                      •    Inadequate                   partners.                   of highly trained
                                           ambulance service                                        health personnel
                                                                                                •   Explosion of
                                                                                                    epidemic
                                                                                                    diseases
5. Transport   •   Presence of        •    Poor road                •   Existence of            •   Un-qualified and
                   railway line.           maintenance                  KERRA                       lack of
               •   Existence of       •    Road side                •   Presence of                 professionalism in
                   B1 (NTR) road           encroachment.                devolved funds.             road construction.
                   network.           •    Poor road                                            •   Change in climate
                                           construction                                             e.g el nino
                                                                                                •   Increasing cost of
                                                                                                    road construction
                                                                                                •   Corruption
6. Energy      •   Existing           •    Inadequate               •   Existence of solar      •   High cost of
                   infrastructure          coverage.                    and wind energy.            electricity.
                   (national grid).                                                             •   Vandalism.
7. Trade       •   Availability of    •    Apathy towards           •   Presence of micro       •   Insecurity,
                   markets.                credit/bank loans.           finance agencies.           thuggery, robbery,
               •   Willingness of     •    Certain cultural         •   Existence of major          house breaking.
                   the people to           beliefs/voodoo               banks.                  •   Global economic
                   participate in          practice in trade.       •   Presence of ESP.            depression/crunch
                   trade.             •    Poor market              •   Availability of other       .

                                                         33
                                  EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
               •   High                   infrastructure.              devolved funds
                   population        •    Lack of proper               such as Youth
                   (ready                 lighting of markets.         Fund and Women
                   market).                                            Fund
               •   Existence of
                   better road
                   network.
8. Industry    •   Existence of      •    Lack of local           •    Vision 2030.          •   Political instability.
                   raw materials          investments.            •    MDGs.                 •   Insecurity.
                   e.g.              •    Inadequate land.
                   rocks/stones      •    Heavy capital
                   hides and              involved.
                   skins.            •    Poor feeder roads.
               •   Existence of
                   road/ railway
                   network.
9. Co-         •   Existence of      •    Inactive/moribund       •    Existence of micro    •   Corruption
operative          co-operative           co-operatives.               finance agencies      •   Insecurity
                   societies.        •    Poor management.             and other
               •   Existence of      •    Lack of                      development
                   Ministry of Co-        commitment by                partners.
                   operatives             cooperative
                   Development            members
10. Water      •   Existence of a    •    High rate of            •    Existence of Lake     •   Climatic changes.
    and            high number            pollution.                   Victoria North        •   Commercialization
  Sanitation       of natural        •    Destruction of water         Water Services            of water
                   springs in the         catchment areas.             Board.
                   area.             •    Poor waste              •    Devolved funds.
               •   Existence of           disposal methods.       •    Existing
                   rivers and                                          development
                   streams.                                            partners focusing
               •   Availability of                                     on water.
                   heavy rainfall
                   ideal for roof
                   catchment.
               •   Availability of
                   underground
                   water.
               •   Existence of
                   water projects
                   like Maseno,
                   Esirulo e.t.c.
11. I.C.T      •   Fiber optic       •    Poor I.C.T.             •    Vision 2030.          •   High cost of
                   cable cuts             knowledge.              •    Existence of I.C.T.       electricity.
                   across the        •    Limited ICT                  policy.               •   Vandalism.
                   area.                  facilities              •    Maseno University
               •   Proximity to                                        and Masinde
                   institutions of                                     Muliro University
                   higher
                   learning for
                   training
                   purposes.
               •   Availability of
                   electricity.
12. Youths     •   Youths exist in   •    Poor maintenance        •    Existence of a        •   Drug abuse.
     and           large                  of playing grounds.          youth fund.           •   Lack of active
    Sports         numbers.          •    Lack of sports          •    Y.E.C.                    sports clubs.
               •   Sports                 equipment.              •    K.K.V.Programmes      •   Crime
                   grounds also      •    High unemployment       •    Line ministries       •   Hiv/aids

                                                        34
                                 EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
                    exist.                  rates.                       mainstreaming       •   Alcoholism
                •   Presence of        •    Misuse of youths by          youth issues        •   Non-payment of
                    the youth               selfish politicians.    •    Availability of         CYES/YEDFloans
                    office.            •    Poor sportsgrounds           partners and        •   Youth apathy
                •   Youth Officers     •    High unemployment            stakeholders        •   No active clubs
                    at the                  rates
                    District/Divisio   •    Laziness/idleness
                    nal level.         •    Early marriages
                •   Many Youths        •    Misuse of youths by
                •   Sports centres          politicians
                •   Youth              •    Lack of skills
                    Enterprise
                    Dev. Fund
                •   Youth poly’s
                •   ICT Clinics
13. Fisheries   •   Availability of    •    Limited knowledge       •    Existence of an     •   Insecurity
                    water.                  and skills.                  Economic Stimulus   •   Natural disasters.
                •   Availability of    •    Inadequate funding.          Program.
                    land.
                •   Existence of
                    fisheries dep
14. Tourism     •   Existence of       •    Poor accessibility.     •    Partnership with    •   Insecurity.
                    cultural/tourist   •    Inadequate                   IGAD.               •   Some cultural
                    sites e.g.              marketing.              •    Partnership with        sites have not
                    rainmakers         •    Lack of awareness            Kenya                   been gazetted
                    shrines in              amongst members.             meteorological
                    Ebusiekwe,         •    Human                        department.
                    Wonder stone            encroachment on
                    e.t.c.                  the sites.
                •   Existence of
                    indigenous
                    knowledge.
15.             •   Existence of       •    High rate of            •    NEMA.               •   Global warming.
Environment         NEMA and                environmental           •    Devolved funds.
                    forests                 degradation.
                    department.        •    Lack of
                •   Existence of            environmental
                    CBOs and                knowledge.
                    other groups.
                •   Existence of
                    hill tops and
                    forests.




                                                         35
                                   EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
                                             CHAPTER FIVE

    CONSTITUENCY STRATEGIC ISSUES, OBJECTIVES, AND STRATEGIES
In this chapter, Emuhaya CDFC identifies ten strategic issues it intends to address within its vision
and mission :
     1. Agricultural modernization – ensure food security, commercialize agriculture, promote
        horticulture, increase fish-farming and revamp cooperatives.
    2. Provision of education facilities – improve infrastructure in schools, improve academic
        performance, increase enrolment and retention rates
    3. Increasing access to water and sanitation facilities – Reduce water-borne diseases, access
        to safe water, save time and distance wasted in search of water.
    4. Increased access to quality healthcare – improve existing healthcare system
    5. Develop physical Infrastructure – improve road network in the constituency and extension
        of electricity supply line throughout the constituency.
    6. To reverse environment degradation – conserve natural resources and reverse
        environmental degradation
    7. Improvement of Security – improve security throughout the constituency
    8. Youth Empowerment/Sports – integrate youths into mainstream development activities and
        reduce idleness
    9. Tourism – diversify investment opportunities and increase income levels.
    10. Streamline monitoring and evaluation – improve delivery of service.


STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES
Table 6 below presents a summary of the strategic issues, objectives specific strategies to be
deployed in addressing each identified issue.




                                                     36
                               EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
     STRATEGIC ISSUE/PRIORITY AREA            STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE                        STRATEGIES                                 KEY RESULTS

1.   Agricultural modernization      •   To commercialize crop-production and   Capacity-building on how to manage        Improved agricultural production
                                         increase food security                 striga weed                               High quality produce
                                                                                Promotion horticulture production         More employment opportunities
                                                                                Adoption of modern farming                Increased household income and
                                                                                methods and technology                    eventually the living standards
                                                                                Facilitate the introduction cash crop     Reduced poverty levels
                                                                                farming for new crops like flowers        Increase acreage under food and cash
                                                                                Establish horticultural demonstration     crop production
                                                                                farms in every Location                   Increased fish production
                                                                                Liaise with local research institutions   Increased Youth empowerment
                                                                                Improve land management i.e. soil         Increased partnership in agricultural
                                                                                conservation                              production
                                                                                Partner in irrigation schemes such        Increased cash crop production
                                                                                as Esianda, Emabungo, Essaba,             Improved access to agricultural fields and
                                                                                Khalwala and Essaba water springs         markets
                                                                                and Emabungo Bidii.                       Higher uptake of AI services
                                                                                                                          Better agricultural produce prices
                                                                                                                          Increased poultry production


                                     •   To increase fish production.           Establish fish hatcheries
                                                                                Capacity-build fish farmers
                                                                                Construction of modern fish
                                                                                marketing structures
                                                                                Establish a fish cooling plant
                                                                                Establish local fish-feed processing
                                                                                plant.
                                                                                Capacity-building on fish feed
                                                                                formulation.
                                                                                Construct roads leading to fish
                                                                                production areas
                                                                                Supply electricity to fish production
                                                                                and processing plants




                                                                        37
                                           •   To increase animal production                      Capacity building for livestock
                                                                                                  farmers
                                                                                                  Procure modern beekeeping
                                                                                                  equipment
                                                                                                  Establish dairy goats multiplication
                                                                                                  Centres
                                                                                                  Establish Local indigenous poultry
                                                                                                  incubator
                                                                                                  Establishment of poultry marketing
                                                                                                  bandas at Luanda market.
                                                                                                  Mass vaccination of livestock
                                                                                                  Rehabilitation and construction of
                                                                                                  cattle dips
                                                                                                  Upgrading existing and local
                                                                                                  livestock



                                           •   To ensure value addition to agricultural
                                                                                                  Establish new and revive dormant
                                               produce
                                                                                                  agricultural-based cooperative
                                                                                                  societies
                                                                                                  Value addition for agricultural
                                                                                                  products
                                                                                                  Procure milk storage and cooling
                                                                                                  facilities for dairy farmers
2.   Provision of educational facilities   •   To improve the infrastructure in all our           Renovation of schools                  Improved access to information in
                                               learning institutions                              Construction of school classrooms      learning institutions
                                           •   To improve academic performance in                 Construction of boarding facilities    Enhance capacity of ICT in terms of
                                               educational and vocational training                Provide Braille machines for           equipment and skills.
                                               institutions.                                      learners with disability               Increased number of disabled in schools
                                           •   To increase the retention levels of                Establish centres of academic          Increased enrolment in primary schools
                                               pupils/students in schools..                       excellence                             Reduced distance students travel to
                                                                                                  Construction of disabled friendly      reach schools
                                                                                                  sanitation facilities in learning      Improved performance of pupils and



                                                                                38
                                                         EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
                                                                                                  institutions                            students
                                                                                                  Construction of science laboratories    Efficiency in all learning institutions
                                                                                                  Supporting the Construction of          Youth empowerment
                                                                                                  existing youth polytechnics             Decline in crime in the constituency
                                                                                                  Supply electricity and water to all     Increased computer literacy in the
                                                                                                  schools and polytechnic                 constituency
                                                                                                  Provide ICT facilities to schools and   Increase enrolment and retention of
                                                                                                  polytechnics                            needy students in schools
                                                                                                  Facilitate sensitization campaigns to   Improved performance in science
                                                                                                  the community on the importance of      subjects
                                                                                                  investing in education                  Improved school transition, enrolment
                                                                                                  Coordination and harmonization of       and retention
                                                                                                  bursaries to needy but bright           Increased adult learners
                                                                                                  students
                                                                                                  Construction and stocking of adult
                                                                                                  education centres
                                                                                                  Procurement of examination printing
                                                                                                  press
3.   Increasing access to safe water and   •   To increase community access to safe               Rehabilitation of existing water        Increased access to safe clean piped
     sanitation facilities                     water for domestic and economic use                schemes                                 water
                                           •   To reduce water-borne related diseases             Construction of piped water             Reduced time wastage in water
                                                                                                  schemes                                 collection
                                                                                             •    To promote safe water harvesting        Reduced prevalence in water borne
                                                                                                  and storage facilities                  diseases
                                                                                                  Construction of multi-purpose dams.     Improved agricultural activities
                                                                                                  Protection of water catchments          Water catchments areas protected
                                                                                                  areas                                   Improved management of water
                                                                                                  Sinking of boreholes.                   Increased capacity in use and
                                                                                                  Establishing community water            management of water resources
                                                                                                  management committees.
                                                                                                  Capacity building on sanitation and
                                                                                                  environmental conservation.
                                                                                                  Protection of water springs
                                                                                                  Encourage roof water catchment in
                                                                                                  schools
                                                                                                  Purchase land for building a District
                                                                                                  water office



                                                                               39
                                                         EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
                                                                                                       Purchase land for sewerage
                                                                                                       treatment
                                                                                                       Expand Maseno and Esirulo water
                                                                                                       supply.
4.   Increased access to quality health care   To improve on existing healthcare facilities and        Construction of a mortuary within        Healthy and productive population
                                               systems                                                 the sub-district hospitals               Reduced mortality and morbidity rates
                                                                                                       Creation of awareness on HIV/AIDS        24 hour access to health services
                                                                                                       in the community                         Constant supply of water to health units
                                                                                                       Construction of more maternity           Reduced cases of common ailments
                                                                                                       wings                                    Creation of employment
                                                                                                       Partner in the procurement of            Reduced prevalence of HIV/AIDS
                                                                                                       essential equipment in health
                                                                                                       facilities
                                                                                                       Construction of housing facilities for
                                                                                                       health staff
                                                                                                       Constructing power lines to health
                                                                                                       facilities
                                                                                                       Provision of water supply to health
                                                                                                       facilities
                                                                                                       Partner with the MOH in procuring
                                                                                                       an ambulance
                                                                                                       Construction of more VCT centers
                                                                                                       Lobbying for employment of more
                                                                                                       health staff.
5.   Develop physical infrastructure           •    To increase road and electricity access to         Gravelling of all Constituency roads     Improved road network
                                                    both public and private institutions.              Opening of new roads                     Improve education standards
                                               •    Increased access to markets,                       Regular maintenance of existing          Improve connectivity between public
                                               •    To open up business opportunities in               road network                             institutions
                                                    remote areas.                                      Construction of bridges                  Improve rural security
                                                                                                       Protecting road reserves and             Increased investment opportunities
                                                                                                       footpaths                                Increase economic activities in the area
                                                                                                       Culverting of rural roads                Reduced transport costs
                                                                                                       Coordinate all road funds at the         Timely movement of agricultural produce
                                                                                                       constituency level                       to markets
                                                                                                       Acquire basic equipment in road          Reduced wastage to funds for
                                                                                                       construction                             development of roads
                                                                                                       Provision of electricity supply to



                                                                                    40
                                                              EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
                                                                                         public institutions such as schools,
                                                                                         dispensaries, and markets.
6.   To promote tourism           •   To improve access to tourist attraction            Identifying and marketing tourist        Increased number of tourists visiting the
                                      sites                                              attraction sites                         constituency
                                  •   Diversify investment opportunities                 Constructing roads leading to tourist    Increased employment opportunities
                                                                                         attraction sites                         Increased income
                                                                                         Providing electricity around tourist     Reduced poverty
                                                                                         sites                                    Increased partnership in tourism
                                                                                         Re-branding tourist sites                Improved infrastructure around tourist
                                                                                         Building ICT and Community               sites
                                                                                         centers around tourist sites
                                                                                         Provision of security around tourist
                                                                                         sites
                                                                                         Partnering with tourist sector players
                                                                                         to put up conference and tourist
                                                                                         facilities in the constituency
7.   Environmental Conservation   •   To strengthen conservation of natural              Construction of terraces                 Improved forest cover
                                      resources.                                         Planting trees along major roads         Green and clean environment
                                  •   To reverse environmental degradation               Reforestation programs for all           Improved soil fertility
                                                                                         hilltops                                 Increase food production
                                                                                         Enhance waste management by              Reduced wind related disasters
                                                                                         constructing a bio centre in Luanda      Reduce the common outbreak of
                                                                                         town.                                    diseases related to pollution
                                                                                         Capacity-build youths on waste
                                                                                         management
                                                                                         Establishment of botanical gardens
                                                                                         within indigenous shrines.
                                                                                         Fund school tree-planting
                                                                                         programmes.
                                                                                         Register shrines as community
                                                                                         projects. Capacity building on tree-
                                                                                         planting
                                                                                         Protection of river banks
                                                                                         Put up tip taps in all schools
                                                                                         Train youth groups on establishment
                                                                                         bamboo nurseries
                                                                                         Fencing of all shrines and wetlands



                                                                       41
                                                EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
10. Monitoring and Evaluation   To improve the delivery of service by the CDFC          Construction         of    constituency
                                                                                        Planting of indigenous trees               Increase office space.
8. Security                     • To improve security in the Constituency
                                through a strong monitoring and evaluation              administrative complex
                                                                                        Construct more Regular Police              Peace and stabilityskills. constituency
                                                                                                                                   Staff with relevant in the
                                • Spur economic growth
                                system.                                                 Developing clear
                                                                                        posts and administrationorganization
                                                                                                                    police lines   Improve coordination economic activities
                                                                                                                                   Businesses and otherof CDFC staff.
                                                                                        structures
                                                                                        in market centres.                         will thrive use of financial resources at
                                                                                                                                   Improved
                                                                                        EncourageCDFC staffpolicing
                                                                                        Enhance community capacity in              the CDFC.
                                                                                        M&E.
                                                                                        Support in the provision of efficient      More efficient PMCs
                                                                                        and cost effective modes of                Quality projects
                                                                                        transport for the security officers
                                                                                        Construct adequate housing for
                                                                                        security personnel
                                                                                        Train community policing officers
                                                                                        Sensitization of community on
                                                                                        security issues.
                                                                                        Provision of community police with
                                                                                        basic equipment
9.   Youth Empowerment              To hasten youth integration into                    Support rehabilitation of Emuhaya          Reduction of crime rates
                                    mainstream development initiatives                  Stadium                                    Increased job opportunities
                                    To reduce idleness among the youths                 Campaign against drug and                  Reduction of rural-urban migration
                                    which leads to criminal activities                  substance abuse                            Increased productivity
                                                                                        Support workshops on                       Growth of local industries
                                                                                        entrepreneurial training for youths        Change in behavior
                                                                                        Encourage the youths to apply for          An empowered future generation hence
                                                                                        Youth Fund                                 sustainability
                                                                                        Create employment opportunities for        Highly informed youths
                                                                                        youth                                      Increased access to e-government
                                                                                        Support community recreation and           services.
                                                                                        sport facilities for the youth             Enhance the capacity of ICT in terms of
                                                                                        Construction of two youth                  equipment and human skills
                                                                                        empowerment centers
                                                                                        Construction of ICT centers
                                                                                        Construction of youth polytechnics
                                                                                        Construction of electricity lines to
                                                                                        markets and youth resource centers
                                                                                        Create youth rehabilitation centers
                                                                                        Construct digital villages.
                                                                                        Encourage more youths to form and
                                                                                        register groups



                                                                     42
                                               EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
                                       CHAPTER SIX

                      IMPLEMENTATION OF STRATEGIC PLAN
6.0 The Strategic Plan Delivery Committee:
The implementation of this five-year Strategic Development Plan will require commitment and
leadership by all stakeholders. To be implemented, a Strategic Development Plan Sub-Committee
will have to be established. The sub-committee will comprise sector experts in all the strategic
areas to guide in the implementation of priority issues identified by the stakeholders. This Sub
Committee will ensure that Emuhaya CDFC strategic plan is fully and timely implemented.

6.1 Composition and Terms of Reference for the Committee
The committee will comprise CDFC members, heads of departments at the district level and private
sector professionals. This committee will provide;
    • Overall leadership in the implementation of Emuhaya CDF Strategic Plan
    • Oversight and guidance on the implementation of the identified CDF Strategic Plan
        projects
    • Professional sectoral advice to the CDFC
    • Constant remedial measures to enable CDFC achieve its stated vision and mission,
    • Work closely with the Monitoring and Evaluation team
    • Mitigation measures against project implementation challenges
    • Advice to reduce resource wastage
    • Yearly work plans in consultation with CDFC




                                              43
                                        CHAPTER SEVEN

                   MONITORING AND EVALUATION FRAMEWORK
The process of strategic planning does not end at the stage of the completion of its development. It
needs to be regularly monitored and evaluated. Emuhaya CDFC will put a sub-committee in place
to help in monitoring the progress of implementation of the plan. This sub-committee will largely
use the objectives that have already been incorporated in the strategic plan.

Annual work plans with clear time frames for implementation of specific activities will be drawn. The
CDFC will organize regular meetings to review implementation, identify constraints and make
appropriate recommendations with stakeholders and other collaborating institutions will be
enhanced for information dissemination. It is against this background that M&E will involve:

    •   Monthly meetings by implementing agencies
    •   Quarterly meetings with stakeholders
    •   Quarterly reports on success and failures and recommendations
    •   Annual review meetings at Location and Constituency level
    •   Formation of thematic M&E standing committees
    •   Field visits
    •   Observations
    •   Performance Appraisals
    •   Mid-term and end of plan evaluation




                                                    44
                              EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
  Table 7                                                                IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE
STRATEGIC       STRATEGIC        ACTIVITY                                        EXPECTED RESULTS              KEY INDICATORS                   TARGETS                       BUDGET
ISSUE           OBJECTIVE
                                                                                                                                                  Y1      Y2   Y3   Y4   Y5
EDUCATION       Improve          1.Renovation of classrooms                      • Increased access to         •    No. of renovated              20      20   20   25   30   11,500,000
(139,400,000)   Infrastructure                                                       quality education              classrooms
                                 2.Construction of additional classrooms         • Improved teacher/student    •    No. of new constructed         5       8   10   15   15   10,600,000
                                                                                     learning environment           classrooms
                                 3.Construction of labs and workshops            • Reduce the distance         •    More students in boarding      2       2    2    2    2    5,000,000
                                                                                     travelled by students          schools
                                 4.Support the construction of existing          • Enhanced capacity in        •    More computer literates        2       2    2    2    2    2,000,000
                                 polytechnics                                        ICT.

                                 5.Construction of Boarding facilities (Dorms)                                                                     1       1    1    1    1    5,000,000

                                 6.Supply electricity and water to all                                                                             3       3    3    4    4    1,700,000
                                 educational institutions

                                 7.Construct sanitation facilities in schools      Reduce sanitation-related   Increased regular attendance       10      10   10   10   10    5,000,000
                                                                                     diseases
                                 8.Construct 5 special needs classes               Increased enrolment         No. of classes constructed          1       1    1    1    1    1,500,000
                                 9. Construct ECD classes                          Increased enrolment in      No. of ECD classes constructed      2       2    2    2    2    2,500,000
                                                                                     Pri. Schools
                Improve          1. Increase number of boarding schools          • High grades for             •    No. of pupils/students         2       2    2    3    3   12,000,000
                academic                                                             Sec/university intake          joining sec/university
                performance      2.Establish Centres of excellence               • High grades for job         •    No of Centres established      1       1    1    1    2   12.000,000
                                                                                     market                    •    No. of labs equipped
                                 3.Equip science laboratories                                                  •    No. of mocks/CATS done         2       2    2    2    2   10,000,000
                                                                                 • Put Emuhaya on the          No. of congresses held
                                 4.Sponsor MOCKS and CATS                           national                                                       4       4    4    4    4    7,000,000
                                                                                    academic map
                                 5.To promote science congress in                                                                                  2       2    2    2    2    2,500,000
                                 secondary schools
                                 6.Create a reward system for teachers and                                                                                                     1,000,000
                                 students
                                 7.Sponsoring motivational talks to                                                                                                            1,000,000
                                 students and professional talks to
                                 teachers
                                 8. Capacity build school management                                                                                                           1,000,000
                                 committees
                                 9. Set up a printing press for printing            Reduce cost of printing    Machine installed                                               1,000,000
                                 Mocks                                               exams



                                                                                               45
                 Increase           Provision of bursary support to                Improved school transition    •     No of students receiving    800    900   1000   1100   1200   45,500,000
                 enrolment and      needy/bright students                          Reduced dropout rates               bursary
                 retention rates                                                   Reduced idleness
                 in schools         Campaign in the community on                   Reduced crime                 •     No of campaigns done          2      3      3      4      4    1,600,000
                                    importance of investing in education           Reduced teenage
                                    through Chief’s barazas                        pregnancies/early
                                                                                   marriages
SECURITY         To improve         Construct Police posts and AP Lines                 •    Reduced crime       • No of Police Posts and AP         2      2      2      3      3    6,000,000
(16,000,000)     security in the                                                             rate                   Lines constructed
                 Constituency       Recruit and train Community Police                                           •  No of Community Police         540    540    540    540    540    1,500,000
                                    Provide basic needs to security organs                                          trained                                                           2.000,000
                                    Support the provision of efficient and                                                                                                            6,000,000
                                    economic mode of transport to security
                                    personnel

                                    Procure communication equipment for                                                                                                                500,000
                                    security personnel
Development      Improve road       •   Opening of new roads, grading and          • Increased investment        Number of established            30km   25km   20km   15km   10km   70,000,000
of Physical      network in             gravelling .                                   opportunities             investments
Infrastructure   constituency to    •   Regular maintenance of existing            • Improved accessibility      Number of kms of roads                                               5,000,000
(127,000,000)    all weather std.       roads                                          to markets                opened, graded and graveled.
                 (75,000,000)                                                      •
                 (26,500,000)       •    construction of major bridges             • Improved connectivity       Number of major bridges             1      1      1      1      1   25,000,000
                                    •    construction of footbridges                   in the constituency       Number of footbridges               3      3      3      3      3    1,500,000

                 Supply of          Extend the National grid throughout the        • create job opportunities    Number of markets,                  1      1      1      1      1   12,500,000
                 Electricity        Constituency                                   • Reduce consumption of       households and institutions
                 (25,500,000)                                                          wood fuel                 connected
                                                                                   • Improve security            Number of public institutions      26     26     26     26     26   13,000,000
                                                                                   • Easy access to ICT          supplied

Agriculture      Commercialize      Adopt modern farming methods                   Reduced famine                Number of farmers practicing      15%    20%    25%    30%    35%     1,000,000
(30,526,000)     crop-                                                                                           modern farming methods
                 production and     Capacity build on value addition in            Increased income levels       Number of farmers capacitated     150    200    250    300    350     1,000,000
                 increase food      agriculture and livestock.
                                                                                                                                                    16     16     16     16     16     4,000,000
                 security           Promote fish-farming                           Increased income levels       No. of fish ponds constructed       1      -      -      -      -     5,000,000
                 To increase fish   Rehabilitate existing cattle dips              Improved livestock health     Construct a cold storage plant
                 production.        Construct irrigation schemes                                                                                     2      2      2      2      2     2,000,000
                                    Identify markets for fish products                                           Number of dips rehabilitated        1      1      1      1      1     5,000,000
                 To increase                                                       Increased income levels       Number of schemes
                 animal             Establish Greenhouses                                                        constructed                         1      1      1      1      1     5,000,000
                 production         Partner with relevant Ministries for info on                                 Number of greenhouses                                                 1,250,000
                                    export opportunities
                                                                                   Establish bull camps                                              3      3      3      3      4      960,000
                 To ensure value    Improve livestock breeds                                                     Number of bull camps

                                                                                                 46
                                                                           EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
                  addition to                                                             Procurement of grade              Number of bucks
                  agricultural                                                            bucks                                                                   3    3    3    3    4     576,000
                  produce                                                                 Establish cockerel                Number of cockerels
                                                                                                                                                                                            300,000
                                                                                          exchange
                                      Value addition on milk                              Equip the Bunyore                 Done                                       1                   1,500,000
                                                                                          DairyCoop Society
                                                                                          Increase coffee incomes           Fully operational coffee society                                500,000
                                      Revive the coffee industry                                                                                                  1    -    -    -    -
                                                                                          Purchase money maker
                                                                                                                                                                                           1,000,000
                                                                                          kick-start pumps for
                                                                                          youth/women groups doing
                                                                                          horticulture and nurseries.
                                                                                          in growing tissue culture
                                                                                          bananas, tomatoes,
                                                                                          vegetables, soya, onions
                                                                                          etc
                                                                                          Improve quality of honey    Quality of honey harvested                                            320,000
                                      Procure 4 honey extractors                                                      Amount of milk produced                          1    1    1    1     120,000
                                                                                          Increase milk production                                                     1    1    1    1     500,000
                                      Establish 4 goat multiplication Centres             Reduce wastage                     ,,
                                                                                                                                                                            1    -          500,000
                                      Establish a cold room                               Increase accessibility            Improved movement of                       1    -
                                      Build a road to a fish cooling plant                                                  products to the market
Increased         Improve existing    •    Upgrade Emuhaya Sub-District Hospital to       Reduce referral cases to other    Construct a theatre, surgical ward                            10,000,000
access to         healthcare               District level                                 hospitals outside Emuhaya         and more general wards
quality Health    system              •                                                   Reduced healthcare costs
(29,400,000)                          •    To equip existing health Centres               Improved healthcare                                                     2    3    3    3    3    7,000,000
                                      •    To put up maternity wings in 8 health          Reduced maternal mortality        No. of health facilities equipped     1    1    2    2    2    3,200,000
                                           centres                                                                          No. of maternities constructed
                                      •    To construct staff houses for health           Create Conducive working                                                1    1    2    2    2    3,200,000
                                           workers                                        environment for staff             Number of houses constructed
                                      •    Provide electricity to health centres                                                                                                           2,000,000
                                      •    Procure an ambulance for Emuhaya               Improved healthcare               Number of facilities accessing
                                           District Hospital                              Save lives                        electricity                                                    4,000,000
                                                                                                                            Done

Increased         Reduce water-       Rehabilitate existing water springs                 Reduced cases of water-borne      No. of water springs rehabilitated   20   20   20   20   20    5,000,000
access to Water   borne diseases      Expand existing water schemes                       diseases                          No. of expanded schemes                         1    1    1    7,000,000
and sanitation    Increase            Promote roof-catchment                              Increased accessibility to safe   No. of H/H and institutions           2    2    2    2    2      500,000
facilities        community           Protect more water springs                          water                             No. of new water springs             10   10   10   12   12    2,700,000
(37,200,000)      access to safe      Construct boreholes                                 More time devoted to              No. of boreholes constructed          1    1    1    1    1   20,000,000
                  water                                                                   productive activities
                  Save time and       Expand Esirulo/Maseno water supply                  Increased water connections       No. of households connected                                    2,000,000
                  distance wasted
Environment       conservation of     Fence all the shrines in the Constituency           A clean environment               No. of fenced shrines                 1    1    1    1    1      250,000
conservation      natural resources   Protect water catchment areas                       Safe water                        No. of protected catchment areas      1    1    1    1    1    1,000,000
(4,250,000)       Reverse             Restrict encroachment on water catchments           More wood products
                  environmental       Reforestation of hilltops                           Increased rainfall                No. of hilltops reforested            1    1    1    1    1    1,000,000


                                                                                                           47
                                                                                   EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015
                 degradation        Filling up derelict areas                           Increased arable land
                                    Reclamation of water catchment areas
                                    Carry out demonstrations on soil erosion                                                                             3     3     3     3         3    1,500,000
                                    Capacity building on waste management                                                                                                                   500,000
Promotion of     Diversify          Identify and market tourist sites                   More tourists                   No. of tourist visits                                               500,000
tourism          investment         Construct roads leading to tourist sites            More income
(2,000,000)      opportunities      Provide electricity around tourist sites            Better standards of living
                 Increase income    Finalize construction and equipping of
                                    Ebusiekwe cultural centre                                                                                                                             1,000,000
                                    Identify and Construct nature trails in tourist
                                    sites                                                                                                                                                  500,000
                                    Encourage cultural activities
Youth            Integrate youths   Involve youths in sports tournaments                More local talents will be      No. of tournaments held          3     3     3     3         3    5,000,000
Empowerment      into mainstream    Construction of one Youth Empowerment               identified
(13,500,000)     development        Centre per Division                                 Increase ICT knowledge          No. of Centres constructed       1     1     1     1         1    2,000,000
                 Reduce idleness    Rehabilitation of 2 stadia                          Increased self-sustenance       No. of stadia rehabilitated            -     -     1         -    2,000,000
                 among youths       Support youth groups in income generation           among youths                    No. of Youth groups supported   16    16    16    16        16    4,000,000
                                    activities                                          Increased sporting facilities
                                    Capacity building in entrepreneurship                                                                                                                   500,000
Monitoring and   Improve delivery   Develop an M&E system                               Efficient project               M&E system in place             150   150   150   150      150    1,000,000
Evaluation       of service         Train PMC members on M&E                            implementation                  Trained PMC members              50    50    50    50       50    1,500,000
(6,500,000)                         Carry out periodic visits to projects                                               No. of visits to projects         4     4     4     4        4    3,000,000
                                    Produce periodic and timely M&E reports                                             No. of reports                                                    1,000,000
Emergency        To cater for                                                                                                                                                            20,000,000
Fund             unforeseen
20,000,000       circumstances
Administration                                                                                                                                                                            7,000,000
7,000,000
Recurrent                                                                                                                                                                                10,500,000
Expenses
10,500,000
                                                                                                                                                                                TOTAL 443,276,000




                                                                                                            48
                                                                                 EMUHAYA CDFC STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2010-2015

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:321
posted:9/18/2011
language:English
pages:48