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					Terms of Reference for GEF Medium Sized Project (MSP) Preparation
National and International Consultants


Government of Botswana is presently carrying out a national IWMR planning exercise. Several other
countries in the Southern Africa region are engaged in similar IWRM planning processes. UNDP is
proposing the MSP “Support Integrated Water Resources Management Planning in Southern Africa” to
assist these efforts. The MSP would provide direct support to the national IWMR planning process in
Botswana and establish a regional knowledge management mechanism to strengthen institutional capacity
to support and foster IWRM in the region.

In order to complete consultations will the project stakeholders and partners, and prepare the MSP project
document, UNDP would like to engage consultant assistance to carry out the preparatory activities as
described in these ToR‟s.


The project background, objectives, log frame etc are described in the PID document, Appendix 1.

Objectives of the consultancy

The anticipated results of the services are to formulate a framework for GEF support to national IWRM
planning and regional knowledge management platform and prepare a MSP document.

Scope of Work

The work will be carried out by a team comprising an international consultant (IC) and a national
consultant (NC). Jointly they will be responsible for ensuring that the MSP is prepared and agreed in
consultation with all relevant project stakeholders and partners, and will carry out the necessary activities
to formulate the MSP document in accordance with UNDP requirements. To this end the consultants will
carry out consultations to confirm and elaborate:
     1. project outcomes, outputs and activities;
     2. roles and responsibilities of the various project partners
     3. costed inputs the project partners will provide to the project;
     4. implementation and management arrangement
     5. project time frame and budget.

Further, the consultants will gather all information required to formulate the MSP document as per the
requirements laid out in the MSP Proposal Template, and produce a final draft for comment and
subsequently the final MSP document.

Activities, Duration and Outputs

The consultants will work in collaboration with UNDP and the GEF Regional Coordinator for Southern
Africa, and in cooperation with implementing partners.

A description of the detailed activities, their timing and suggested roles and responsibilities within the
consultant team are provided in table below.

DURATION     ACTIVITY                  TASKS and OUTPUTS                               ROLES OF THE
Weeks from   1. Initial revision of    Discuss & revise background info etc.           After initial discussions
  start      the PID                   updating of log frame. Preparation of a         between the NC and the
                                       new Zero Draft PID.                             IC the NC takes a lead
   1-2                                                                                 role in revising the
                                                                                       PID. NC sends the
                                                                                       updated Zero Draft PID
                                                                                       to the IC as a basis for
                                                                                       the upcoming mission.
    3        2. Preparations for the     Logistics                                    Mainly done by the NC
             mission of the              Make appointments
             international               Prepare a verification workshop
             consultant                   confirming the Zero Draft MSP
                                          document with all stakeholders
    4        3. Mission of the          Carry out and document the workshop           Collaborative effort
             international                and other consultations with project         between the NC and the
             consultant                   stakeholders and implementing                IC.
                                          partners to agree the design of the MSP
                                        Agree on outputs, indicators,
                                          management structure etc
   5-6       4. Complementary           Follow-up meetings with key                   Mainly done by the NC
             fact-finding and             stakeholders
             consultations              Collection of additional information
                                          and data for incremental cost baseline
   7-8       5. Preparation of 1st     Describe and elaborate project                  It is foreseen that this
             draft MSP document        components, outputs and accompanying            will commence already
                                       activities, stakeholder participation,          during activity 3.
                                       monitoring frameworks etc.
                                                                                       The responsibility for
                                       Draw up the project outcome budget, as          preparing the 1st draft
                                       well as outcome-output-input budget.            rest with the NC.
                                                                                       However, the IC should
                                       Elaborate the project monitoring and            provide guidance.
                                       evaluation plan, derived from the project
                                       logical framework.                              This task ends with the
                                                                                       NC sending the 1st Daft
                                       See detailed task description below.            MSP Document to the
    9        6. Editing of 1st draft   Editing of the 1st draft to produce the final   Mainly done by the IC
             MSP document              MSP Proposal document, addressing all
                                       GEF and UNDP requirements (as per
                                       MSP Proposal template), including
                                       assessment and description of project
                                       incremental costs.

                                       See detailed task description below.
  10-11      7. Client review                                                          No input from NC/ IC.
   12        8. Final revision and     Adjustments and revisions to reflect            Joint effort between the
             submission to GEF         comments received.                              NC and the IC

                                       Submission of the final project output –
                                       the MSP document to the GEF IW office
                                       in Pretoria.

Details for activity 5 above:

Describe and elaborate project components, outputs and accompanying activities, i.e.:
   a. assessment of water resources issues and priorities (specific contributions and technical inputs to
       the Botswana NWMP review process);
   b. cross-sectoral coordination mechanism (IMCC) (composition, role and tasks; specific support to
       the IMCC, such as secretariat services; relationship and delegation of tasks to CWP; managing
       horizontal and vertical exchange and flow of information);
   c. links to transboundary processes and institutions (mechanism, managing exchange and flow of
   d. stakeholder participation process (stakeholder analysis, managing participation and dialogue);
   e. capacity building and awareness raising activities (contents and delivery of capacity building, e.g.
       workshops, target audiences);
   f. regional knowledge management mechanism (host of the mechanism; outputs, such as
       documentation of lessons and best practices; means of knowledge and information dissemination
       and exchange);
   g. IWRM monitoring framework (development of indicators, links to MDG monitoring systems).

Details for activity 6 above:

Define project management and implementation arrangements, including project personnel and short-term
inputs.1 Define roles, responsibilities and functions of project implementing partners, and the inputs
(activities) they will provide to project components. This includes defining the roles and contributions of
GWP-SA and WaterNet/Cap-Net, and their collaboration with respect to implementation of capacity
building activities and documentation of the IWRM processes;


As indicated above the duration of the project is 12 weeks. During this period the total input
from the National Consultant is limited to 30 days and for the International Consultant 14 days.

The travel cost (air travel economy class); accommodation and allowances for one mission of 7
days will be reimbursed.

GEF and UNDP Country Office Support

The UNDP country office in Gaborone will furnish the consultant team with all locally available
UNDP documentation that could form input or guidance to the preparation of the MSP. They
will also be available to assist with setting up appointments and official communication.

  It is expected that the project will recruit a national project coordinator and assistant, who, in concert with lead
agency designated staff, will function as the “Project Management Unit”. Responsibilities would include overall
project coordination; day-to-day management of project activities; preparation of work plans; support to the
„IMCC‟; and interaction with transboundary institutions and processes. The „IMCC‟ would constitute the formal
cross-sectoral coordination mechanism and may delegate various coordination, consultation, and advisory tasks to
the Botswana Country Partnership; the „IMCC‟ would approve the project work plans and recruitment of
personnel/technical inputs, and provide project oversight. UNDP will be responsible for overall project

The GEF IW office for Southern and East Africa will furnish the consultant team with the
necessary GEF documentation and guidance.

Lines of Reporting

Contract Administration
On all matters regarding the administration of the contract, the consultant will report to:

Ms .Cecile Collas
Outpost Coordinator
Tel. and email: +41 (22) 917 8288

Technical Supervision
On all technical aspects of the project, the consultant will report to:

Mr. Nik Sekhran
Regional Coordinator/Task Manager
GEF IW Southern and East Africa
Tel. and email:+ 27.12.354.8131



1.1 Introduction

The WSSD Plan of Implementation calls for the development of integrated water resources management
and water efficiency plans by 2005 (IWRM plans), with support to developing countries. Further,
adoption of national IWRM policies and strategies for the management and development of water
resources is a fundamental step towards reaching most of the MDGs. Consistent with the MDG and
WSSD targets, IWRM strategies involve balancing societies‟ multiple needs and uses of water with the
need to protect ecosystems and their ability to sustain multiple uses.

Conventional fragmented, sectoral approaches to water allocation, use and management are not
sustainable. A wide range of issues – such as competing sectoral uses, land degradation, pollution from
various sources, climate variability and change – impact water resources quality and quantity and need to
be addressed in concert. Where water resources are shared between countries, it is also essential to take
into account transboundary concerns. While there are many good efforts ongoing globally that in one
way or another support IWRM principles and aim to address water issues in a more integrated manner,
comprehensive national IWRM processes are lacking or in incipient stages. There are no tried and tested
methodologies and processes for the development of national IWRM plans that could offer models for
countries for their national IWRM planning.

UNDP is proposing to support the formulation of several GEF Medium-Size Projects to assist countries
with the development of their national IWRM and water efficiency plans. GEF support would enable
countries to better integrate the environmental dimensions of water resources management and
incorporate transboundary and global environmental issues into national IWRM processes and plans.
Specifically, it would assist countries to:
       integrate relevant work within the GEF focal areas (BD, CC, IW, POP, LD) into national IWRM planning
        and implementation processes;
       improve cross-sectoral communication and coordination for IWRM, bringing together the various actors
        (ministries, agencies, CSOs, GEF projects) through processes already piloted in the IW focal area by
       strengthen the bi-directional relationship between national and transboundary water resources management
        and links between national IWRM processes and transboundary initiatives; and
       integrate global environmental concerns, especially land resource considerations into IWRM.

The MSPs would utilize the experience of several processes that have been piloted under the GEF IW
focal area to achieve integrated approaches for transboundary water systems, which can be adapted for
use on a national basis. By capturing lessons learned and best practices from both the international waters
and national IWRM processes, the MSPs would contribute to the development of IWMR planning

1.2 MSP to Support Integrated Water Resources Management Planning in Southern Africa

The first MSP, proposed here, aims to support IWRM planning in the Southern Africa region. It
comprises two components:

        a. Support to the development of the national IWRM plan in Botswana
        b. Regional knowledge management and institutional support for lessons learning and
           replication of best practice within SADC

National IWRM Plan in Botswana:

Botswana is presently undertaking a review of its National Water Master Plan. The summary objective of
the review is to assess and project water demands and potential sources over a thirty year period, and
identify water resources development options that best meet economic efficiency, sustainability, and
poverty alleviation objectives. It also includes institutional, policy and legal aspects of water resources
management and effective implementation of the NWMP. While the review is a comprehensive effort
that aims to address all sectoral needs, GoB requires assistance to fully integrate water resources
management and development options across all sectors. In particular, support is needed to identify and
develop water efficiency and conservation options to respond to the problem of increasing water scarcity
and balancing allocation and use of water resources. Further, even though GoB strongly supports cross-
sectoral coordination and stakeholder participation, actual coordination is weak and requires concrete
assistance to develop consensus between sectoral interests in the formulation of national water resources
policy and implementation strategy.

Regional Knowledge Management

Several countries in the Southern Africa region are presently at the beginning stages of national IWRM
planning processes, including Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, and Zambia. The
only country in the region to have formulated an IWRM plan is South Africa. As mentioned above, tested
methodologies and processes for developing IWRM plans are lacking. The proposed project would
establish a regional knowledge management mechanism to support exchange of experience and lessons
learned, and eventually derive best practice and guidance on IWRM planning. Collaboration with SADC
and regional capacity building institutions would thereby strengthen institutional capacity in the region to
support national IWRM processes.

The diagram in Annex 1 illustrates the project process.


Chapter 12 of the National Development Plan 9, 2003/4 – 2008/9, puts forth Botswana‟s priorities vis a
vis water resources, consistent with its “Vision 2016” – “A Long-Term Vision for Botswana: Towards
Prosperity for All”. The review of the NWMP is one of these priorities, and it is expected to produce “…
a revised institutional framework for the water sector in Botswana, which can respond and adequately
deliver Vision 2016 goals and aspirations on water.” Also prioritized is the work of the International
Waters Unit of the MMEWR to continue Botswana‟s participation in transboundary water resources
issues and full engagement in negotiation and promotion of international agreements on water resources
development and use at the regional level. The proposed project thus is directly linked to NDP9

The Country Programme for Botswana 2003-2007 recognizes the threat of environmental degradation to
the long-term sustainability of Botswana‟s development, as well as the reliance of a large part the
population on environmental resources for their livelihoods. The CP is based on UNDAF which
identifies environment as one of three strategic areas of focus for UN support, along with poverty and
HIV/AIDS. The CP supports the UNDAF objective to assist Botswana to fulfill its obligations under

global and regional commitments and goals. The proposed project is directly linked with, in fact identical
to, the output “Integrated water resources management plan developed” under this objective.

Chapter four of the Common Country Assessment (2001) lays out the constraints and challenges to
sustainable utilization of Botswana‟s natural resources vis a vis six inter-related „environmental‟
concerns, including rangeland degradation, depletion of water resources, pollution, waste and sanitation,
and climate change impacts. The proposed project contributes directly to addressing a range of the
identified constraints, including increasing public awareness, capacity building and participatory decision-

The Second Regional Cooperation Framework for Africa, 2002 – 2006, addresses “protecting and
regenerating the environment” as a cross-cutting objective critical to sustainable human development and
poverty eradication. The proposed project contributes to several expected results of the RCF, including
effectively addressing the environmental dimensions of conflicts and disasters and effective management
of cross-boundary water resources.

The proposed project contributes to the objectives of the GCFII (2001- 2005), specifically with respect to
promoting equitable and sustainable management of the global commons [para. 32 (c)] and generating
tools and sharing approaches for equitable access to, and sustainable use of, water, land and biological
resources as natural resource assets for poverty reduction [para 38 (b)].


At the national level, stakeholders and beneficiaries include the ministries and their agencies involved in
and having a bearing on water and land resources management, such as Ministry of Minerals, Energy and
Water Affairs; Ministry of Environment, Wildlife and Tourism; Ministry of Local Government; Ministry
of Lands and Housing; Ministry of Agriculture; and Ministry of State President. Other partners include
civil society organizations and NGOs such as Kalahari Conservation Society and Environment Watch
Botswana. The proposed MSP should also benefit a number of related GEF and other projects, e.g.
UNEP Desert Margins Initiative and UNDP Botswana LANDCARE, as well as GEF IW projects
(Okavango, Orange Senqu, Groundwater and Drought Management in SADC), and vice versa these
projects would contribute vital information on water-relevant concerns to the national IWRM planning

At the regional level, stakeholders include capacity building organizations in the region, Global Water
Partnership – Southern Africa, Cap-Net/WaterNet, and SADC.


GEF has been supporting countries‟ work within the GEF Focal Areas – biodiversity, climate change,
international waters, persistent organic pollutants and land degradation – that has direct relevance for
IWRM. UNDP and other agencies have utilized GEF support to assist countries in planning under each
of these focal areas. Results of this work, priorities that have been established, and ongoing action within
these areas should be utilized effectively and linked with national IWRM planning and implementation
processes, because they contribute to achieving the MDGs and Johannesburg targets. Not only would this
promote more holistic and comprehensive water resources management, it would also facilitate progress
with the issues addressed under these focal areas.

Such „cross-sectoral‟ coordination adds complexity to water and land resources management, and in many
instances exceeds the capacity of developing countries. GEF has piloted processes in its international

waters focal area that may help countries to delineate where such integrated approaches are necessary,
and to simplify the perceived complexity. These processes will be useful to consider in formulating
national IWRM plans. Indeed, GEF is considering terminating support for separate national action plans
under its international waters focal area, and may ask nations to integrate these transboundary
considerations into their national IWRM plans. Consequently, GEF would support the MSPs for national
IWRM plans through the international waters focal area in Operational Program 10 (global technical
support component). This series of pilot MSP projects would serve as innovative demonstrations under
Strategic Priority III for the focal area.


The expected goal, objectives and outcomes are elaborated in the draft project Logical Framework
attached in Annex 2.

 Project Goal:            IWRM is operationalized across southern Africa, and contributes to
                          environmentally, economically and socially sustainable development.
 Project Objective:       National processes and institutional mechanisms are in place to undertake
                          adaptive IWRM planning.
 Outcome 1:               IWRM Plan for Botswana is adopted that addresses national and transboundary
                          water management priorities, integrates global environmental management
                          objectives, and balances multiple uses of water resources.
 Outcome 2:               Increased awareness and capacity of stakeholders (government, civil society,
                          private sector) to engage in the IWRM planning and implementation process.
 Outcome 3:               Monitoring of progress in planning and implementing IWRM is improved.

Outcome 1 comprises support to the national IWRM planning process while outcome 2 encompasses the
project‟s regional knowledge management component, and capacity building and awareness raising at
national and regional levels. A monitoring framework, linked to national MDG and poverty monitoring
systems, will be derived from the identified best practice and guidance to improve systematic tracking of
progress on IWRM in the region.

The final project is directly relevant to the four intended outcomes of the CP under the thematic area
       Improved national capacity to monitor environmental conditions and trends and assess policy performance
        in promoting environmental sustainability,
       Improved awareness and understand among decision makers and the public of linkages between
        environmental sustainability and human poverty and well-being,
       Global environment concerns and commitments integrated in national planning and policy,
       Improved national capacity to negotiate and implement global benefits.

As mentioned above, the national IWRM plan is one of the CP outputs.


Initial consultations have been carried out with Government of Botswana and other project partners on the
scope and activities of the proposed MSP, and have broadly identified proposed project support. The
purpose of this PDF A project is to carry out follow-up discussions, agree project outputs and activities
and the roles and responsibilities of the various project partners, and prepare and agree the final MSP
project document. The PDF A will finance activities required to elaborate the cross-sectoral coordination

mechanism, links to transboundary processes and institutions, stakeholder participation process, capacity
building and awareness raising activities, and the regional knowledge management mechanism. The
preparation phase of the MSP will emphasize stakeholder participation.

6.1 Expected Outcomes and Completion Date of PDF A Project

The expected outcome of the PDF A project is a framework for GEF support to national IWRM planning
and regional knowledge management platform.


The project will be executed by UNOPS. The Botswana Department of Water Affairs will be the lead
agency for project implementation at the national level, in close collaboration with the above-mentioned
water-relevant ministries and their agencies. Project activities will further be implemented in
collaboration with the Global Water Partnership – Southern Africa, Cap-Net/WaterNet, and UNDP.

7.1 Roles and Responsibilities of the Parties

UNOPS will be accountable to UNDP for financial management and timely contracting of project inputs.
Overall project management and technical backstopping will be carried out by UNDP. Elaboration and
agreement of roles, responsibilities and functions of project implementing partners will be finalized
during the project preparation phase.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Annex 1
GEF Support for Developing National IWRM/WE Plans to meet multiple MDGs: IWMR Planning in Southern Africa MSP

                        Nationally Owned Process: Botswana

                            Establish Inter-Ministerial

                            Work plan for project adopted
                            by Inter-Ministerial Committee

                                                                                                                    Other nationaL IWRM planning processes in region

                                                                                                                                                                       Other nationaL IWRM planning processes in region
    Interact with           Conduct rapid water and
    GWP, Cap-Net;           land related resources
    donor                   analysis by catchment and
                                                                     Interact with
    coordination &          from institutional standpoint
    facilitation            (local, catchment, national)
    through UNDP                                                        boundary
    Country Office;                                                    processes
    Capacity                    Draft basin analyses
    building &               reviewed by stakeholders,
                                                                      institutions if
    coordination              revised if necessary and
    inputs                   adopted by Inter-Ministerial

                            Draft IWRM plan formulation
                            process undertaken

                            Draft IWRM plan reviewed                     with
                            by stakeholders                              regional
                                                                         works -
                            Draft IWRM plan revised                      SADC
                            and adopted by
                            Interministerial Committee

                                                         Regional Knowledge Management
                                                     Exchange experience and lessons learned
                                  Develop best practice and guidance for IWRM planning, disseminate in the region

                                                                                                                                                     Annex 2
                        Logframe Matrix: Integrated Water Resource Management Planning in Southern Africa

                              INDICATORS                                                  MOV                                ASSUMPTIONS/RISKS

Goal: IWRM is                                                                                                                   Political stability and law and
operationalized across                                                                                                           order are in place
southern Africa, and                                                                                                            Continued political commitment
contributes to                                                                                                                   to meeting MDGs and WSSD
environmentally,                                                                                                                 resolutions
economically and socially
                                                                                                                                Continued support to IWRM from
sustainable development.
                                                                                                                                 social and economic sectors
                                                                                                                                Development assistance
                                                                                                                                 organizations remain ready to
                                                                                                                                 assist countries to undertake
                                                                                                                                 IWRM reforms and investment
Project Objective: National      SADC countries have developed and adopted IWRM          IWRM Plan documents                   Consensus can be achieved and
processes and institutional       plans for water resources management, water sector                                             conflicts of interest can be
mechanisms are in place to        reforms and investments.                                PRS and PRSP documents                 resolved on balancing competing
undertake adaptive IWRM           Baseline: 1 country                                                                            uses of water at both national and
planning                          EOP at least 7 countries                                Documentation of national –            transboundary scales
                                                                                          transboundary coordination and        IWRM concerns receive sufficient
                                 IWRM plans are integrated into PRSs and PRSPs           harmonization mechanisms               attention and allocation of
                                  Baseline: zero                                                                                 national and external sources of
                                  EOP 3 Countries                                         Transboundary SAPs or                  financing
Outcome 1: IWRM Plan for         Situation assessment of the status of water resources   Assessment reports                    Sufficient information can be
Botswana is adopted that          management is completed and priority IWRM issues                                               generated to support resource
addresses national and            and actions are identified                              IWRM plan                              management and allocation
transboundary water              Baseline: water sector studies available                                                       decisions
management priorities,            Mid-term: cross-sectoral situation assessments          Transboundary management
integrates global                 completed                                               strategies and programmes             Willingness/ability to achieve
environmental management                                                                                                         agreement on priorities and
objectives, and balances         IWRM plan reflects national priorities and consensus    Documentation of cross-sectoral,       resolution of potential WR use or
multiple uses of water            agreed through cross-sectoral multi-stakeholder         participatory consultation and         allocation conflicts
resources                         processes                                               coordination processes
                                  Baseline: agreement to prepare IWRM plans EOP:
                                                                                                                                Government leadership and
                                                                                          Records and outputs of IMCC

                                   adopted by parliament                                                                            prioritization of IWRM issues
                                                                                            Planning documents
                                  Transboundary basin concerns and agreements are
                                   incorporated into national plans and reflect national    Monitoring reports
                                   Baseline:8 transboundary water management
                                   programmes in place
                                   EOP: transboundary planning targets incorporated
                                   into IWRM plans

                                  Cross sectoral institutional coordination mechanisms
                                   for IWRM are functional
                                   Baseline: incipient CWP established       EOP:
                                   functional Inter-ministerial Coordinating Committees
                                   in place and CWPs actively supporting IWRM
                                   planning processes and mandated by IMCCs

                                  Coordination of roles and responsibilities clearly
                                   defined across spatial (hydrologic units – basins) and
                                   administrative (local-national) levels
                                   Baseline: roles and responsibilities not defined
                                   EOP:roles and responsibilities clearly delineated
Outcome 2:                        Bi-directional mechanisms in place to incorporate        Proceedings of dialogue and         Intergovernmental relations between
Increased awareness and            national and transboundary basin concerns into           networking events                   riparian countries remain sufficiently
capacity of stakeholders           respective WR planning and management                                                        cooperative
(government, civil society,        arrangements                                             Requests for information
private sector) to engage in       Baseline:no integration                      EOP:                                            Sufficient institutional and human
the IWRM (planning &               knowledge management platforms in place and              Project monitoring reports          resources capacity to carry out IWRM
implementation) process            informing CWP & IMCC processes                                                               planning processes
                                                                                            GWP/CWP progress reports and
                                  Consistent and practical guidance for IWRM planning      documentation                       Sufficient support for meaningful
                                   is developed and accessed throughout the region          Cap-Net documentation               stakeholder participation, particularly
                                   Baseline:no consistent guidance available                                                    of constituencies with low capacities
                                   EOP:Guidance formulated and accessible through           IWRM planning guidance              and marginalized groups
                                   knowledge management platform                            document(s)

                                                                                            Documentation of planning

                                                                                            Public outreach and participation

Outcome 3: Monitoring of             Monitoring framework derived from IWRM guidance           Monitoring framework                 Sufficient capacity/resources to carry
progress in planning and              and best practices is adapted and used across region      document                             out information collection and
implementing IWRM is                  Baseline: no framework in place                                                                reporting
improved                              EOP:monitoring framework applied in at least 3


Working definition of terms for the purposes of this MSP:

Characteristics of IWRM processes:
 Addresses both management of water as a resource, and provision of water services
 Addresses multiple domains that shape WR management and provision of water services:
              o enabling environment – policy, legislation, financing mechanisms
              o institutional arrangements that determine how policy is implemented and who is involved
              o management instruments and tools to manage water resources, their use, and the behavior of water users
 is cyclical, ongoing process of assessing issues, agreeing goals and priorities, implementing priority actions, and monitoring and evaluating approaches and
 aims to balance competing uses of water resources towards the end of social equity and poverty reduction, environmental sustainability, and economic
 aims to coordinate and integrate WRM across spatial and political scales – catchment, basin; local, national, transboundary
 promotes participation of all stakeholder groups in decision-making processes to level the playing field in the negotiation of roles, rights, and responsibilities

Project scope:
Project addresses the „assessment of issues‟ and „agreement of goals and priorities‟ phase of the cyclical process. In practice, it builds on existing work done in the
IWRM process, and assessment of its effectiveness and gaps/omissions; it emphasizes strengthening the process of assessment and decision-making (e.g. inter-
ministerial coordination, participation of marginalized groups and public at large), and development of lessons learned and guidance for effective IWRM planning,
so as to promote replication of effective IWRM planning across the southern Africa region.


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