Document Sample

                     CENTRAL KENYA DRY AREA SMALLHOLDER AND                         International Fund
                     COMMUNITY SERVICES DEVELOPMENT PROJECT                         For Agricultural
Republic of Kenya                                                                   Development


                                       Financed by:

                                Government of Kenya (GOK)

           International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) Loan No. 547-KE

          Government of Belgium/Belgium Survival Fund (BFFS) Grant No. BG-033-KE

                              PROJECT EXIT STRATEGY

                                  DECEMBER 2010
                                                          Table of Content

List of Tables ...................................................................................................................... ii
Abbreviations and Acronyms ............................................................................................ iii
Executive Summary .................................................................................................... vii
1.0        INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................. 1
   1.1         Project Background ..................................................................................................... 1
   1.2         Project Objectives ........................................................................................................ 1
   1.3         Project Coverage .......................................................................................................... 2
   1.4         PROJECT FOCUS AND STRATEGY ...................................................................... 4
   1.5 Institutional structures ....................................................................................................... 6
2.0 IMPLEMENTATION OVERVIEW.......................................................................... 8
   2.1         Table 2: Summary of CKDAP’s Key Achievements ................................................. 8
   2.2         Financial Performance .............................................................................................. 11
3.0        EXIT STRATEGY ................................................................................................ 13
   3.1         Inbuilt project design sustainability/exit strategy activities ................................... 13
   3.2         Specific sustainability mechanisms........................................................................... 13
       3.2.1       Collaborating institutions.......................................................................................................18

   3.3         Exit Strategy Plan ...................................................................................................... 19
       3.3.1 Process of developing the exit strategy plan ................................................................................19

........................................................................................................................................... 29

                                                List of Tables
Table 1: Areas covered by project ……………………….........................................................................2

Table 2: Summary of CKDAP’s achievements.………………………………………......9

Table 3: CKDAP’s Sustainability Mechanisms……………………………………….....15

Table 4: Sustainability Exit strategy Plan………………………………………………..22

        Abbreviations and Acronyms
ADGs    Agriculture Development Groups
AIA     Appropriation in Aid
BFFS    Belgian Fund for Food Security
BSF     Belgian Survival Fund
CACC    Constituency AIDS Control Committee
CEPs    Community Extension Persons
CHWs    Community Health Workers
CIGs    Common Interest Groups
CKDAP   Central Kenya Dry Areas Smallholder Community Services
        Development Project
CORPS   Community Resource Persons
DEC     District Executive Committee
DDC     District Development Committee
DFRD    District Focus for Rural Development
DPCC    District Project Coordinating Committee
DPCU    District Planning and Coordinating Unit
DPIT    Divisional Planning and Implementation Team
EIA     Environment Impact Assessment
FDA     Focal Development Area
FDAC    Focal Development Area Committee
GoK     Government of Kenya
IFAD    International Fund for Agriculture Development
HH      House hold
MGCSD   Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Development
MOA     Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation
MOH     Ministry of Health
MOPHS   Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation

MWI      Ministry of Water and Irrigation
PCC      Project Coordinating Committee
PLWHAs   People Living With HIV/AIDS

TBAs     Traditional Birth Attendants

USD      US Dollars

VDCs     Village Development Committees

                      36°20'8"E        36°32'8"E             36°44'8"E             36°56'8"E                  37°8'8"E              37°20'8"E


                                MAP SHOWING CKDAP DIVISIONS



                     Ol Joro Orok


                                                                                                    Kieni East
                                                                                                            Nyeri Mt. Kenya Forest

                                                                Kieni West

                         NYANDARUA                                                                                         Kirinyaga Mt. Kenya Fore


                                                                NYERI              Nyeri Municipality
                                                    Aberdare Forest Park Tetu

                                                                              Othaya                                        Ndia


                                                                                                 Mukurweini                     KIRINYAGA

                                                                                MURANGA NORTH



                                                                             Gatanga     MURANGA SOUTH
                                                                                            KANDARA                    MAKUYU


                        Mwea                                                 Gatundu
                        Maragua                                                                               Thika Municipality
                                                          KIAMBU                         THIKA




                        Ruiru                                                     0    5 10             20         30           40

                      36°20'8"E        36°32'8"E             36°44'8"E             36°56'8"E                  37°8'8"E              37°20'8"E


Project Title:         Central Kenya Dry Area Small Holder Community
                       Development Services Project

IFAD Loan No:          547-KE

BFF GRANT NO:          BG-033-KE

Duration:              Nine years (July 2001-December 2010)

                       Completion Date (31st December 2010)

                       Closing Date (30th June 2011)

Funding:               IFAD loan USD 10.9million
                       BSF grant USD 4.1 million
                       GOK USD 2.6 million
                       Community USD 0.4 million

Borrower:              Ministry of Finance

Lead Agency:           Ministry of State for Planning, National Development and
                       Vision 2030

Implementing line Ministries: Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation(MoPHS);
                              Ministry of Water and Irrigation (MOWI);
                              Ministry of Agriculture (MOA); Ministry of
                              Livestock Development (MOLD), Ministry of
                              Fisheries and
                              Ministry of Gender, Children and Social
                              Development (MGCSD).

Project Components: Primary Health Care and Domestic Water Supply

                       Water Technical Services

                       Agriculture Extension Services

                       Group Development

                       Project Management and Coordination

Collaborating Institutions:   Kenya Agriculture Research Institute

                              Dairy Goat Association of Kenya

Executive Summary
Central Kenya Dry Area Smallholder and Community Services Development Project
(CKDAP) became effective on 1 July 2001, and had a project completion date of 30 June
2008 and closing on 31 December 2008. The project period was however reviewed in
2008 and extension granted with revised completion date as 31st December 2010 and 30th
June 2011 as the closing date. The estimated total project cost is USD 18 million,
constituting of GOK’s contribution of       USD 2.6 million; project beneficiaries
contribution of USD 0.4 million; IFAD’s contribution of USD10.9; BFFS contribution of

Selection of arid and semi-arid pockets that now comprise the project area was done in
the five districts of Central Province namely: Nyandarua, Nyeri, Kirinyaga, Maragua and
Thika Districts.

The goal of the project in these areas is to contribute to reduction in poverty and
vulnerability to diseases among the poor rural communities living in the semi-arid
pockets of the above districts estimated at 42,000 households. The purposes of the project

   a) To improve health status of the target community;
   b) To improve household food security, nutrition and income;
The project is designed to achieve the above purposes through 5 defined components
namely: Project Management and Coordination, Primary Health Care and Domestic
Water Supply, Water Technical Services, Agricultural Extension Services, Group
Development Services.

Towards enhancing sustainability of the CKDAP’s interventions, this document presents
the project exit plan which defines the implementation strategies adopted at design, the
different approaches adopted and mechanisms that have been put in place so far, and
further proposes possible processes that can be pursued upon project completion and
 At design, the CKDAP embraced an implementation strategy that assured sustainability
of initiated interventions. Some of these approaches are outlined below:

      Implementation of the project through five existing Ministries;

      Use of the Group approach as an entry point for all project interventions;

      Inclusion of Group Development Component in the project design to spearhead
       overall group formation and development and organizing community for resource

      Requirement for community contributions in form of labour, cash and materials
       on infrastructural and other works;

      Implementation of the project based on the District Focus for Rural Development
       (DFRD) Strategy

      Approaches that have continuously been adopted in the course of implementation
       by the project towards enhancing sustainability and preparing communities for the
       completion and exit in December 2010 are discussed; some of which are:

      Issuance of full contracts for major civil works with bulk of the payments made
       through Appropriation In Aid (AIA) mode of payment;

      Strengthening the Agriculture groups for marketing through formation of
       enterprise based umbrella groups;

      Support to construction of marketing infrastructure for agriculture produce;

      The project teams have also been creating awareness of the project completion
       dates to stakeholders, including the community through various forums eg DDCs,
       DECs, DPCU/DPIT meetings, FDACs meetings, DPCC meetings, PCC meetings
       and other organised meetings.

During the 2009/2010 Financial year the project conducted exit strategy workshops
which brought together stakeholders at the district levels with the objective of clearly
taking stock of project achievements, the status of remaining works and identify
remaining works that can be supported by potential collaborators. More meetings for
further engagement with collaborators are envisaged during the 6 months (July-December
2010) before project completion.

As a follow up on the exit strategy workshops conducted, the project has planned during
the 2010/2011 financial year to conduct meetings of specific groups (enterprise based
umbrella groups, Health groups, Water groups, Savings and Credit groups). The meetings
will involve the specific collaborators and draw short and long term action plans that will
provide the path on which the community groups will move following the emerging
collaborative arrangements.

It is expected that the long term action planning and commitment by the respective
collaborators will guide the community groups in pursuing and achieving their long term
objectives beyond the life of CKDAP.

This document also highlights key projects that will be taken up by identified
collaborators, clearly setting out the type of pending works and related estimated costs
and other operations.


1.1      Project Background
The Government of Kenya (GOK) and the International Fund for Agricultural
Development (IFAD) signed a Loan and Finance Agreements of SDR 8,450,000 (Loan
No. 547-KE, USD 10.9 million) and BEF 185 million, Grant No. BG-033-KE, about
USD 4.1 million), respectively, on 27 February 2001, to finance a seven-year Central
Kenya Dry Area Smallholder and Community Services Development Project (CKDAP).
The estimated total project cost is USD 18 million, including contributions by the GOK
and project beneficiaries of USD 2.6 million and 0.4 million, respectively. The project
became effective on 1 July 2001, and had a project completion date of 30 June 2008 and
loan closing on 31 December 2008. However the completion and closure dates were
reviewed and extended to 31st December 2010 and 30th June 2011 respectively.

1.2      Project Objectives
Project’s Broad objective

To contribute towards poverty reduction and vulnerability to hunger and diseases among
the targeted 42, 000 HH in the project area.

Project’s Purpose

     Improved health status
     Improved food security, Nutrition and Income

The above purposes are designed to be realized through:

             o Improved access to community and facility based health services premised
               in the construction and equipping of dispensaries and maternities,
               Procurement of ambulances and installation of radio call systems;
             o Improved access to water for safe domestic use and irrigation based on
               key activities such as the training and equipping Community Health
               workers (CHWs);
             o Improved crop and livestock production through procuring and
               distributing small stock such as bucks, DOEs, rabbits and poultry for
               upgrading local breeds and stocking of fingerlings in demonstration fish
               ponds; Providing vaccines for Shoats and Poultry; Acquisition of clean
               planting materials (High value crops, Drought tolerant crops and Fodder);
               Conducting soil conservation activities such as gully healing, construction
               of demonstration water pans;
             o Improved technical and management capacity among the communities to
               manage their small projects through training the community groups on
                              resource mobilization, leadership, conflict management, financial
                              management etc;
                            o Improved technical and management capacity among project staff and
                              institutions     through    equipping     and    furnishing    offices,
                              construction/rehabilitation of offices, procuring and distribution of
                              vehicles to project components.

            1.3        Project Coverage
            The Project covers arid and semi arid sections of 5 larger districts namely: Nyandarua,
            Nyeri, Kirinyaga, Muranga South and Thika. There has been splitting of original districts
            into several others but most of the project intervention areas have been left intact
            (sublocation/FDA identity has remained). The areas are characterized by unreliable
            rainfall averaging at 700mm to 900mm per annum. The specific number of Focal
            Development Areas (FDAs)/Sublocations covered since 2001/2002 are 39 as in the table
            1 below:

            Table 1: Areas covered by CKDAP

District        New Districts           Division         Location     Sublocation/FDA   No. of hh   Population

Nyandarua        Nyandarua North          Ndaragwa         Leshau       Leshau            1611        7391

                                                                        Mbuyu             1367        5979

                                                           Mathingira   Ndivai            635         2812

                                                           Kiriita      Mairo- Inya       2579        10597

                                                           Kahutha      Uruku             554         2471
                                                                        Kiriogo           588         2705
                                                                        Muricho           1468        6049
                                                                        Kianjogu          634         2932
Nyeri            Kieni East               Kieni East       Thigu        Maragima          613         2501

                 Kieni West               Kieni West       Mweiga       Njengu            678         2747

                 Nyeri Central            Municipality     Kiganjo      Kiganjo           889         2480

                                                                        Nyaribo           643         2454

                 Mukurweini               Mukurweini       Rutune       Kariara           618         2706

                District names as at design before split

                District names after the split in 2008

                                                      Mutundu          689    3488

                                                      Ngamwa           525    2761

Kirinyaga   Kirinyaga South   Mwea      Murinduko     Kamunyange       1100   4381

                                                      Kamiuu           533    2200

                                                      Riagicheru       1758   7564

                                        Mutithi       Rukanga          1027   4249

                                        Nyangati      Kirimara         1795   6583

                                        Tebere        Kiumbu/Kianugu   1000   5000

                                                      Ndindiruku       500    2500

                                                      Kiandegwa        674    3029

Maragua     Muranga South     Maragua   Maragua       Maragua ridge    698    2940
                                                      Kamuiru          610    2565

                              Makuyu    Kambiti       Maranjau         2988   13100

                                                      Mihango          961    4305

                                                      Kambiti          983    4301

                                                      Kariaini         663    3015

                                                      Kimorori         1295   5438

            Kandara           Kandara   Gaichanjiru   Kagumoini        1262   5381

                                                      Mariaini         899    3837

Thika       Thika East        Kakuzi    Ithanga       Kakuku           1732   8433

                                                      Kiathanini       725    3206

                                                      Ngelelya         1433   6578

                                                      Gatuanyaga       1642   6247

                                                      Ngoliba          2220   6485

            Ruiru             Ruiru                   Kiora            5770   19117

                                                                 Komo                 1410        4256

          Thika West             Municipality    Juja            Kalimoni             12420       41136

                                                                 Munyu                1221        5210

Total                                                                                 56774       221038


        The project was designed to target the vulnerable and food insecure households within its
        operational area. The project target groups are defined as communities in the selected
        marginal rural area of 5 districts in central province who are exposed to constant threat of
        hunger and malnutrition, lack access to basic facilities in health, safe drinking water,
        income earning opportunities and have high risk to diseases. The areas are also classified
        as marginal as a result of having low resource endowment.
        In summary, the project target groups were classified as having the following
              characteristics: -

              i.            Female headed households
              ii.           Landless household and those with small plots of between 0.4 – 2 ha
              iii.          Families which rely on irregular casual labour
              iv.           Orphans and unemployed youths of households
              v.            Families with poor access to health facilities and domestic water supply

        The implementation approach was through various forms of groups namely: Health
        Groups, Water Users Groups, Agricultural Development Groups, Savings and Credit and
        other forms of self-help groups.

        The overall strategy was to support demand driven sustainable activities that are centered
        on the community with the poor forming the bulk of the beneficiaries. In this regard,
        technical staff from the various implementing sectors were expected to facilitate the
        projects delivery system through participatory approaches.

        In summary, the project approach and strategy focus on the following: -

                        Integrated components’ planning and implementation of all the projects
                         development initiatives;
                        Enhanced beneficiary participation in the project’s development process by
                         empowering them through capacity building, training and strengthening of
                         their local planning and implementation institutions. The project envisages
                         to strengthen community institution such as the Water Users Association,
                         Health Facility Management Committees, Agricultural Development
                         Groups, savings and credit institutions and other forms of self-help groups

               with a view to enabling them administer and manage their poverty
               alleviation initiatives sustainably;
           Improved equity in development by giving special attention to needs and
               aspirations of the socially and economically weaker groups particularly
               women who are the main producers in the rural areas;
           Support to and promotion of off-farm income generating activities where
               the landless and squatter population sources their livelihood through
               provision of off-farm activities or services;
 Main activities to support the above strategies were as outlined below:

Primary Health Care
 Training of CORPS (CHWs, TBAs), health education including nutrition and
  environmental sanitation, district health planning, local management of health facilities;
 Construction, rehabilitation and equipping of health facilities;
 Undertaking reproductive health Programme;
 Information, Educations and Communication (IEC) Programme plus counseling for
  HIV/AIDS control;
 Promotion of Bamako initiatives on community pharmacies;
 Sanitation Education and demonstration;
 Nutrition education;
 Training of component staff
 Youth counseling Programme against drug abuse HIV/AIDS, responsible sexual

Domestic Water Supply and Technical Services

 Construction of water schemes,
 Development and protection of shallow wells and springs
 Construction of water pans/dams,
 Drilling and Development of boreholes,
 Construction/Installation of rain water harvesting tanks;
 Undertaking Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs);
 Capacity building of Water Users Associations in project operations and maintenance
  collection and financial administration of their project, environmental planning etc in
  collaboration with DSS;
 Training of component staff

     The training of TBAs was phased out by the ministry in 2005

Agriculture Extension Services

 Establishment and development of Agricultural Development Groups (ADGs),
      Common Interest Groups (CIGs);
 Technology validation for applicable crops and livestock;
 Bulking of improved planting materials through ADGs;
 Promotion and upgrading of small stock
 Drawing of partnership arrangements with relevant NGOs and other service providers;
 Promotion of environmental conservation activities;
 Capacity building for staff and beneficiaries.

 Group Development
    Group capacity building, establishment of village development committees (VDCs);
    Development of community plans;
  Development and design of agreement with intermediary credit agency and NGO
    network for Channeling of credit funds to community based organizations (CBOs) for
    economic activities;
  CBO training;
  Training of DSS staff.

 Project Management and Coordination

    Assist implementing agencies in preparing AWP/B;
    Preparation of withdrawal applications;
    Maintenance of project accounts and financial records of the project;
    Establishment of relevant and effective M&E system for the project;
    Project supervision and monitoring;
    Promotion of participatory planning and implementation of project activities and in
     development of AWP/B;
    Preparation of progress reports
    Training of component staff.

    1.5 Institutional structures
 At the national level, there is the Project Coordinating Committee (PCC) that supports the
 project’s implementation on policy related issues. The committee comprises of
 Permanent Secretaries (PSs) or their representatives drawn from the implementing line
 ministries (MoF MOA,MOLD MoPHS, MWI, MGCSD). The Chairman is the PS
 Planning and Secretary Projec Manager
 A National Coordinating Unit is located at the Ministry of State for Planning, National
 Development and Vision 2030.The Unit is charged with day to day coordination and
 follow up of project issues at the National level while linking directly with the Project
 Management Unit (PMU) based in Nyeri.

The PMU constitutes of the Project Manager, Project Accountant, Monitoring and
Evaluation officer, Procurement Officer, Technical experts in Agriculture, Water, Group
Development and Health who are supported by 6 support staffs. Due to the 2002 water
reforms, the PMU had to recruit 3 water coordinators to be in charge of the
implementation of water activities in the five districts. The PMU provides the day to day
technical and management guidance to the implementing teams in the project districts.

At the district level, the District Development officers are the coordinators who work
closely with the component coordinators drawn from the implementing departments
based on the outlined Project components. The team constitutes the District Project
Coordinating Unit (DPCU) charged with the day to day coordination of the project’s
To support the DPCU on areas that require policy action at the district level, there exists a
District Project Coordinating Committee (DPCC). The committee is comprised of the
district Heads of Departments from implementing line ministries and is chaired by the
area District Commissioner with the DDO serving as the secretary.

Closer to the targeted communities are the divisional officers of the implementing
departments who are engaged in the day to day actual implementation of project activities
with the communities. They constitute the Divisional Planning and Implementing Teams

At the community level there are the Focal Development Area Committees (FDACs)
responsible for coordinating project activities among their communities. This committee
comprises of sector representatives as elected by the communities.
Closely working with the FDACs are the Enterprise based Umbrella groups that are
constituted by representatives drawn from the various Project Management Committees
(PMCs) implementing various projects in Water, Health, crops and Livestock.


Over the nine (9) years of implementation, CKDAP has made significant achievements as
summarized in table 2 below:

2.1        Table 2: Summary of CKDAP’s Key Achievements
Physical      Number      Number    Specific outputs               Outreach & Realized Effects
outputs       completed   Ongoing

Health        15          1         8completed and functional      A total of 225,200 community
Facilities                          dispensaries are Kiriogo,,     members have been reached
                                    Mbuyu and Ndivai in            through both community Health
                                    Nyandarua, Athi in Thika,      workers & facility based health
                                    Rukanga in Kirinyaga and       services.
                                    Nyaribo in Nyeri South,
                                    Katibanga and Mariaini
                                    dispensary in Muranga
                                                                   Facility based effects have been
                                    South). 7 maternity blocks
                                                                   confirmed as:
                                    include    Ndaragwa     and
                                    Leshau Pondo maternity in             Distances      to    the
                                    Nyandarua, Maragwa ridge               completed dispensaries
                                    in Muranga South, Mutithi              on average reduced from
                                    and Kiumbu in Kirinyaga,               11km to 2km.
                                    Ngelelya in Thika, , Island         Distances to completed
                                    farm in Nyeri                          maternity facilities on
                                                                           average reduced from
                                    1   ongoing,    Kagumoini              25km to 3km.
                                                                   Effects of the trained CHWs is
                                    maternity in Muranga South
                                                                   evident in the reduction of
                                                                   preventable diseases.

Staff         7           2         Completed ones are: 2 in
Houses                              Rukanga in Kirinyaga, 1 in
(Health)                            Nyaribo in Nyeri, 3 in Thika
                                    (Athi and Gatuanyaga).

                                    Ngelelya maternity in Thika
                                    completed but not yet

                                    Ongoing ones are 2 in
                                    Ndivai      and kiriogo

DHMT          4                     The 4 are distributed in       All the 4 blocks are occupied by
                                    Nyandarua,     Kirinyaga,

Physical     Number      Number    Specific outputs               Outreach & Realized Effects
outputs      completed   Ongoing

Blocks                             Thika and Muranga South.       72 DHMT members

VCT Blocks   3           2         Completed are at Ndula
                                   dispensary Thika, Mutithi
                                   and Kiumbu in Kirinyaga.
                                   Ongoing are Island Farm
                                   and Gumba in Nyeri

MCH block    1                     The completed is in Kiuu
                                   dispensary in Nyeri

Water        12          4         The     12     substantially   About    43,262      people are
Projects                           completed schemes that are     accessing water out of the
                                   providing water to 20,210      expected 116,825 translating to
                                   people include: Rukanga        37%. This has resulted to:
                                   W/P, Ndikiki water project
                                   and    KamumweW/P         in            Distances to the water
                                   Kirinyaga;    Juja    farm,              sources    among      the
                                                                            benefiting communities
                                   Ngoliba and Kenyathena in
                                                                            have drastically been
                                   Thika;     Gathuka      and              reduced (an average
                                   Ndaragwa in Nyandarua;                   reduction of 26 minutes
                                   Wakahare and Njororo ya                  of time spent in fetching
                                   Makara in Muranga South;                 water).
                                   Maragima     Tagwa      and          Distance reduction of
                                   Rutune in Nyeri South.;                  about 100% for the piped
                                                                            schemes and 50% for
                                   Maragwa Ridge in Muranga
                                                                            wells and springs.
                                   South.                         Farmers are also using the water
                                                                  to irrigate High value crops.
                                   The ongoing ones are 4:
                                   Matundu Mariki in Muranga
                                   South, Ndivai/Mbuyu in
                                   Nyandarua,     Gatuanyaga
                                   extension in Thika and
                                   Kiandegwa Kirimumbi in

Shallow      17                    The completed 17 wells (12
wells                              in    Nyandarua,     1    in
                                   Kirinyaga and 4 in Thika)
                                   are providing water to 8,550

Physical     Number      Number    Specific outputs                 Outreach & Realized Effects
outputs      completed   Ongoing

Springs      12                    The 12 functional springs (1     The springs are serving 3,850
                                   Nyeri South, 4 Thika, 7          people across the respective
                                   Muranga South). 3 (1 Nyeri,      districts.
                                   2 Muranga South) of the
                                   springs are gravitated to
                                   provide extended communal
                                   water points (Wakahare and
                                   Njororo ya Makara in
                                   Muranga South; Kahigaini
                                   in Nyeri)

Boreholes    1           3         The completed is Kiumbu in

                                   Ongoing ones are Kagaa
                                   and Iganjo in Muranga
                                   South;    Kandoro   in

Rain water   13                    The     functional    water
harvesting                         harvesting providing water
tanks                              to 800 people. These are in
                                   public institutions (4 in
                                   Nyandarua schools and 1
                                   dispensary, 1 in a school in
                                   Thika, 4 in Nyeri south
                                   primary schools and 3 in
                                   Kirinyaga in 2 primary

Irrigation   6           0         The Substantially completed      100 households are already
schemes                            6 schemes are providing          irrigating in the main substantially
                                   water for irrigation over 45     completed irrigation schemes and
                                   hac    with     about     300    growing high value crops.
                                   households         benefiting.
                                   These are Karathe Thaara in
                                   Muranga South, Kirimara
                                   Ngamini in Nyandarua and
                                   Njengu Nyaribo in Nyeri
                                   South. Thiha Sagana, Karia
                                   and    Thiha      micro     in

Physical        Number         Number        Specific outputs               Outreach & Realized Effects
outputs         completed      Ongoing

Groups          497                          The groups constitute 320
mobilized                                    CIGs/ADGs; 28 CHWs; 37
and                                          WUGs; 15 FDACs; 10
strengthene                                  HFMCs; 82 Savings and
d                                            credit; 5 PLWHAs

Hives           509                          They are distributed across         A total of 786 farmers
purchased                                    all the 5 districts                 practicing beekeeping. They
and                                                                              currently own 2400 modern

Rams            54                           The rams are mainly in         On their own farmers have an
purchased                                    Nyandarua with a few in        estimated 967 upgraded sheep
and                                          Nyeri.                         (530 m, 437 f) have been

Dairy Goats     421                          The goats are distributed      421 goats have been introduced to
purchased                                    across the 5 districts         the project area. There is an
and                                                                         estimated 7500 farmers practicing
                                                                            goat rearing. Goat milk
                                                                            production ranges from 1.5 litres
                                                                            per goat to 5 litres
Green           4                                                           The target is production of 10kg
houses                                                                      per plant about 10,000kg per
                                                                            green house. In a 15mX7m
                                                                            farmers expected to realize
                                                                            400,000 to 800,000 depending on
                                                                            the price

The realized achievements have been supported by the financial contributions from
IFAD, BSF, GoK and Community as reflected in the financial status tabulated in the
ensuing section.

2.2        Financial Performance
CATEGORY              ALLOCATIONS            EXPENDITURE           BALANCES           %CUMM EXP
                      KSH                    KSH                   KSH
I-Civil works               306,393,600.00      104,534,272.80       201,859,327.20            34
II-Equipments               126,048,000.00         77,031,044.00      49,016,956.00            61
III-Training                446,258,400.00      345,491,838.88       100,766,561.12            77

operating expenses          133,320,000.00      121,422,940.13        11,897,059.87            91
Unallocated                  12,100,000.00                                                      0
Total                   1,024,120,000.00        648,480,095.81       363,539,904.19            63


CATEGORY                             ALLOCATIONS            EXPENDITURE       BALANCES            %CUMM EXP

I-Civil works                            321,300,000.00     297,940,143.46    23,359,856.54                  93
II-Equipments                             91,800,000.00       74,683,467.42   17,116,532.58                  81
III-Training                              54,000,000.00       57,658,032.90   -3,658,032.90                 107
IV/V-Incremental operating
expenses                                  27,000,000.00       19,683,284.69      7,316,715.31                73
Unallocated                                5,400,000.00                0.00               0.00                  0
Total                                    499,500,000.00     449,964,928.47    44,135,071.53                  90

Government and beneficiary contribution
                                                Actual GoK                               Expected        beneficiary
                                               contribution    Cum GoK                   total ben.      contribution    Cum ben.
 Expected total government Contribution        2010/2011       contribution              Contribution    2009/2010       Contribution

 Taxes(USD)     Budget(USD)     Total(USD)     USD              USD                %      (USD)          (USD)            USD       %

  2,405,600      247,400         2,653,000      11,520.42         1,596,643.42     60     400,000               67,767    870,733       217

Donor Contribution (Ksh)

Expected        IFAD       Actual IFAD                            Expected BSF         Actual BSF
contribution               Contribution      %contribution        Contribution         Contribution     %contribution
817,500,000                558,966,841       63.38                307,500,000          300,141,547      97.61

3.1    Inbuilt project design sustainability/exit strategy activities

Sustainability of project interventions is often considered during design as a necessity to
ensure continued flow of benefits to the target communities beyond external support.
In the case for the CKDAP, and as evident in the project focus and strategy, the
sustainability of project initiatives was adequately inbuilt in the design through key
strategies that include: Implementation of the project by existing Ministries; Use of the
Group approach as an entry point of project’s interventions; the requirement of
community contributions on infrastructural works in form of labour, cash and materials;
Inclusion of Group Development component in the project design to spearhead
organizing community for resource mobilization and overall group strengthening.
Further, regular review of approaches and processes in the course of project
implementation has guided the identification of possible gaps in sustenance of initiated
interventions and informed on appropriate corrective approaches. In addition, there has
been continuous dissemination on the project funding cycle timeline and information
sharing with implementers and all relevant collaborators to ensure awareness and
preparedness of target communities on CKDAP’s exit. .

It is these sustainability elements that have facilitated the gradual phase out process in
which the project has been able to graduate some of the projects in water, health and
Agriculture which now run with minimal CKDAP’s support. Rukanga Water group for
example has graduated into a Limited Company; others such as KAMUMWE and
Maragima have been awarded interim certificates as water providers.

3.2    Specific sustainability mechanisms
Guided by the above mentioned     strategies, a wide range of inbuilt sustainability
activities and mechanisms employed by the project across all the components are as
articulated in table 3 below:

Table 3: CKDAP’s Sustainability Mechanisms
Area of focus   Inbuilt exit activities        sustainability              Outcomes
Community       -Training and equipping of     -Recognition of CHWs        -Functional        CHW
based health    Community            Health    as level 1 health service   groups       at      the
service         Workers with growth            providers      by     the   community unit as
delivery        monitoring      kits    and    Ministry of Public          defined      by      the
                bicycles                       Health      under     the   community strategy
                -Registration of the CHWs      Community strategy          -Practicing artisans
                groups with Ministry of        -CHWs             groups
                gender, Children & social      operating their IGAs
                Development                    - Communities have
                -Establishment of Income       been sensitized to pay a
                Generating        Activities   token fee for hygiene
                (IGAs) for the CHW             and            sanitation
                groups                         technology       services
                -Training of community         provided by the artisans
                artisans                       -Linkage of artisans to
                                               CHW groups
Facility based -Completion of all ongoing      - Gazzettement of           -Operational      health
Health         health                          Health facilities by the    facilities under MOPHS
Services       facilities(dispensaries,        MOPH&Sanitation             -Functional       Health
delivery       maternities, Laboratories)      -Recognition of the         Facility Management
               -Equipping health facilities    health facilities by        Committees
               -Training      of     Health    Kenya            Medical
               Facility        Management      Supplies         Agency
               Committees (HFMCs)              (KEMSA) for supply of
                                               -Existence of the cost
                                               sharing     arrangement
                                               between      community
                                               and the HFMC
                                               - Staffing by MOPHS
HIV and         -Formation and Training of     -Linkage of PLWHAs          -Functional PLWHAs
AIDS services   People Living with HIV         to support groups           groups
                and AIDS (PLWHAs)              -Linkage of PLWHAs          -Operational     Home
                groups                         to               relevant   based Care Services
                -Training PLWHAs &             collaborators               -Operational VCT
                CHWs on Homebased care         -Linkage of PLWHAs          services
                -Establishment of IGAs for     to the Comprehensive
                PLWHAs                         Care Centre (CCC)
                                               -VCTs managed by the
                -Construction      and         HIV and AIDS
                equipping the Voluntary        programme under
                Counselling and Testing
                                               NASCOP in MOPHS
                Centres (VCTs)
                -Construction        of
                Comprehensive     Care

Domestic and -Formation and training of        -Community                  -Operational        water
Irrigation     Water       User      Groups    participation        and    facilities
Water delivery (WUG)                           contribution in the         -Functional Water User
               -Formation and Training         construction         and    Groups(WUGs)
               Irrigation Water User           maintenance of water        -Functional Irrigation
               groups       (IWUG)       on    facilities                  Water User Groups
               efficient crop water use        -Metering and control       (IWUGs)
               -Training      the     WUG      measures within the         -Farmers         utilizing
               Management Committee            water facilities            irrigation water for crop
               on O&M                          -Linkage of WUGs to         -WUGs       transformed
               -Completion of all ongoing      the Water Boards            into water companies
               water facilities including 1    -Linkage of WUGs to         with legal powers to
               water treatment unit            Water Resource User         sue and be sued.
               -Completion        of    the    Associations (WRUAs)
               installation of storage         -Registration of WUGs
               water tanks in schools and      to      Water    Service
               dispensaries                    Providers
               -Training of community          -Artisans employed by
               artisans on Operations and      the WUGs
               Maintenance (O&M)               -Technical personnel
                                               employed       by     the
Farmer      to -Capacity        building       - Communities have          -Functional CEPs
Farmer         Community       Extension       been sensitized to pay a
agriculture    Persons (CEPs) in basic         token fee for services
technology     agriculture technologies        provided by CEPs
transfer       e.g DGAK assistants             -Mainstreamed CEPs
                                               into          agriculture
                                               extension services at
                                               the locational level
                                               -Linkage of CEPs to
                                               collaborators          eg
                                               DGAK, Techno-serve
                                               and Harvest Africa
Partnership     -Participation in existing     -Established linkages       -MOUs signed between
and             district based stakeholders’   between Community           farmers and various
Collaboration   forums      by    CKDAP’s      institutions         and    collaborators
in technology   community institutions and     respective collaborators
transfer        implementers                   e.g              DGAK,
                -                              Technoserve,       KARI
                                               and Africa Harvest

Community      -Bulking    of Drought        Established            -Functional          bulking
based source Tolerant Crops and High         commercialized seed groups
for   planting value crops                   bulking groups e.g
and breeding                                 Tissue Culture Bananas
materials                                    (TCB)        hardening

                -Distribution of bucks and -Formation of livestock       -Functional    breeding
                does                       Umbrella groups e.g           groups
                                           Dairy goat, Rabbits,
                                           -Registration of the
                                           umbrella        member
                                           groups     with   other
                                           National Associations
                                           e.g DGAK
                                           -Trained         DGAK
                                           assistants within the         -Practicing DGAK
                                           DGAK framework                assistants
                                           -Established      buck
                                           rotation     and    kid       -Functional rotation
                                           transfer programme            programme

Agriculture    -Formation of common          -Established    market      -Functional enterprise
value addition Interest Groups (CIGs)        Linkages eg DGAK,           based umbrella groups
and Marketing -Formation of enterprise       Technoserve,     Africa     -Functional marketing
               based umbrella groups         Harvest                     structures
               along                         -Established enterprise     -Existing       market
                the value chain approach     based Umbrella groups       contracts
               -Construction of marketing    -Management of the
               structures       (marketing   marketing structures by
               sheds, livestock yards,       user groups
               input/output stores)
Environmental -Training and equipping of     -Communities         have   -Practicing CEPs
conservation   Community         Extension   been sensitized to pay a    -Functional
               Persons on environment        token fee for services      commercialized energy
               conservation                  provided by CEPs            saving groups
               -Bulking fruit and tree       -Mainstreamed CEPs
               seedlings                     into          agriculture
               -Formation               of   extension services at
               commercialized       energy   the locational level
               saving       groups     e.g
               maendeleo liners              Established commercial
                                             fruit and tree nurseries

participation    -Re-constitution of the     -Establish linkages with
in       project FDAC’s      by    drawing   local              level -Functional
activities       membership from the         Development structures Development sub-
                 enterprise based umbrella   such as Sub-DDCs, committee of the DDC
                 groups                      CDF etc
                                                                      -Existing networks of
                -Capacity         building   -Link the CERPs to community              based
                Community        Extension   existing District Social resource persons
                Resource Persons(CERPs)      Development
                in group Management and      Committees (DSDCs)
                enterprise development

                                                                         -Functional registered
                -Formation            and                                enterprise umbrella
                registration of enterprise                               groups managing
                based umbrella community
                                                                         promoted enterprises
                                                                     -Enterprise     based
                                                                     umbrella       groups
                                                                     affiliated to existing
                                             -Formation of special enterprise      National
                                             interest sub committees Associations
                                             within       community
                -Inclusion of vulnerable                                 -Higher outreach to the
                and marginalized groups in
                                                                         vulnerable members of
                project interventions        -Registration          as
                                             cooperatives/societies      the community
                                             and companies
                -Formation               and                             -Existing and
                registration of savings and                              functioning friendly
                credit enterprise groups                                 community based
                                                                         financial entities at
                                                                         FDA level

Government      -Equipping               the -Existing implementing Heads of implementing
extension       implementing departments departments                departments at the
services        (Vehicles and equipments)                           district and Province
                -Trainings to the officers
                                                                    providing continuous
                                                                    updates to their
                                                                    Permanent Secretaries
                                                                    on the performance
                                                                    status of the CKDAP’s
                                                                    supported community
                                                                    groups and

3.2.1 Collaborating institutions
Partnership arrangements was one of the areas that was explicit in the project design and
the base on which CKDAP succeeded to enter into formal Memorandum of
Understanding with two agriculture Institutions namely: Dairy Goat Association of
Kenya (DGAK) and Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI). Over the
implementation period, the project has been providing funds to these institutions to
facilitate the delivery of their technical expertise and appropriate crop and livestock
materials to the target communities.

The DGAK is a farmers’ organization that has mandate to ensure systematic Dairy goat
breeding processes through training of DGAK assistants, Buck rotation services and
also undertakes scouting of goats to distribute to targeted groups. Farmers within
CKDAP areas rearing dairy goats become members by registering with the organization
through their groups. The DGAK has also link the goat farmers to potential buyers thus
enhancing marketing of the dairy goats. Being a farmer‘s association, continuous support
to CKDAP initiated dairy goat groups is assured.

KARI on the other hand is a Semi-Autonomous Government Agency within the Ministry
of Agriculture and has had the mandate of providing crop/fodder seeds to CKDAP’s
agriculture groups, conducting on-farm trials through joint effort with extension staff and
promoting alternative source of fuel in form of Plastic Tuber Digester biogas
Technology. Continuity of this collaboration is inbuilt within the Agriculture department
in the districts.

Other collaborating institutions have been Constituency Development Fund (CDF) in the
area of supporting the community in water and health projects funded by CKDAP;
AMREF has been collaborating with CKDAP in the area of provision of technical
expertise in sanitation and hygiene in Thika and Muranga South and conducting a study
in Nyandarua; APHIA II has also been collaborating in supporting the Community Health
Workers trained by CKDAP mainly in Nyeri and Thika.

3.3    Exit Strategy Plan
To intensify awareness on the completion of CKDAP in December 2010, the districts
conducted exit strategy workshops that brought together various stakeholders. These
workshops were conducted during the 2009/2010 FY and provided a forum to share
information on:

      The achievements made through the project over the implementation period;

      The targets set for the 2010/2011 implementation period;

      The remaining works/activities that required support from the collaborators for
       continuity of what the community groups are already engaged in;

      Potential collaborators to be considered for dialogue in soliciting for support.
The result of the workshops was the exit strategy plans for each district considered for
consolidation at the PMU to attain the CKDAP exit strategy plan.

3.3.1 Process of developing the exit strategy plan
      Exit strategy workshops were targeted for the 2009/2010 and thus defined in the
       year’s AWPB. This was defined in each of the districts and coordinated by
       District Development Officers.

      In January 2010, the framework was shared with the district teams to ensure a
       common understanding on the information requirements and approach.

      The timing of January was deliberate since it was the period for undertaking the
       AWP&B development processes. This would allow the district teams to conduct
       the workshops with clear outline of the extent to which CKDAP would implement
       the pending activities thus providing direction on areas that required support from
       the stakeholders and potential collaborators.

      The districts identified the existing relevant collaborators who were to participate
       in the workshops. The targeted collaborators included the community
       representatives, Constituency Development Fund (CDF), local authorities,
       Constituency AIDS Control Committees (CACC), Water boards, Divisional
       Officers (Dos), District Commissioner (DC), Members of Parliament (MPs),
       councilors and other identified Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs)
       operating within the project areas.

      The districts conducted the workshops in February 2010 with backstopping from
       the PMU members.

       During the workshops, the district teams held discussions with the participants.
       The collaborators present had an opportunity to define the likely areas of support
       based on their operations.

       Such information was captured in the exit strategy plan matrix and submitted to
        PMU for consolidation as in Appendix I Group Based Long Term Plans
   The exit strategy workshops conducted provided an overall framework against which
   specific community group based plans would be developed e.g if the exit plan
   indicates an upgrading of the dispensary to a health center, how does the group plan
   to get there. This therefore required further discussions with specific groups together
   with the respective identified collaborators to draw each of the party’s firm
   commitment on the continuity of what the community groups are already pursuing.
   This process of defining the specific development paths for the various community
   groups is planned to be finalized during the July-December 2010 period by:
   1.      Conducting meetings with the specific community groups (enterprise based
          agriculture umbrella groups, Health groups, Water groups, Savings and Credit
          groups). This will facilitate detailed understanding of what is required of the
          group (path of action) to realise the desired group’s overall objectives. The
          collaborators will also make a commitment on the area of support to the
          community groups. This exercise will be spearheaded by the Group
          Development component while involving the relevant components accordingly.
   2.      As a follow up to the group based meetings a wider collaborators workshop
          will be conducted bringing together the various collaborators who will have
          interacted with the specific community groups to share information on the
          district’s preparedness status on CKDAP’s exit. This will be spearheaded by
          the DDOs. Consequently, this will form the basis of the District Development
          Officers follow up on the continued interaction of the collaborators and the
          community groups and updating the District Development Committees (DDCs)
          on the continuous progress. Performance is expected to be continually captured
          in the districts performance reports eg District Annual Monitoring and
          Evaluation Reports (DAMER) within their mandate of coordinating
          development initiatives in the districts. Detailed Exit Strategy Plan
           The exit strategy plan is split into two sections based on the nature of support
           required beyond the CKDAP’s life.
           Section one as in Table 4 is on continued sustainability of the project’s
           interventions and mainly constituting follow ups, refresher trainings and
           growth of groups to associations/cooperatives and Companies.
           Section two as in Appendix 1 is on expansion of infrastructural works as
           proposed by the community. This is specific on expansion of water and health

Table 4: Sustainability Exit Strategy Plan
AREA OF INTERVENTION            ACTIVITY STATUS                      PROJECTED GROWTH                         EXISTING/POTENTIAL
                                                                     ACTIVITIES(For consideration by          COLLABORATORS
                                                                     collaborators on CKDAP’s exit)


Strengthen and Transform FDACs -Re-strengthening of FDACs by         -Follow up and reporting on committee -Directorate for Rural Planning
into sustainable local level inclusion of representatives from       activities periodically                -District Development Officers
Development structures         the umbrella enterprise based                                                -District   Gender     and     Social
                                                                     - Continuous capacity building through Development Officers
                                                                     needs assessment and training          -Provincial Administration
                                -FDAC committees elections and
                                                                     -Annual review and planning meetings
                                review of by-laws to include focus
                                on umbrella enterprises

                                -Development of FDAC
                                strategic/long term plans

                                -Establish linkages to the DDC
                                through in-cooperation of FDAC
                                chair persons to the sub-location
                                based development committees

Graduate Savings and Credit -Formation of Umbrella Savings            -Establish linkages with the Ministry of   -District    Gender     and     Social
Groups into Revolving Fund and Credit Groups at FDA level             Cooperative Development                    Development Officers
entities at FDA level                                                                                            - District Cooperative Officers
                            -Hold committees elections and            -Follow up and reporting on committee
                            review by-laws to include focus           activities periodically
                            on fund mobilization and
                                                                      - Continuous capacity building through
                            building of revolving fund entities
                                                                      needs assessment and training
                                -Develop        Long-term      plans
                                towards      mainstreaming      fund -Annual review and planning meetings
                                entities into cooperatives/societies

                              -Formation of umbrella water user       -Follow up and reporting on committee -District Water and Irrigation
 Graduate and mainstream WUGs organizations                           activities periodically                Officers
into Water service provision                                                                                 -Regional Water Authorities
entities (Companies)          -Mainstream WUGs into existing          - Continuous capacity building through
                              Water        Resources      User        needs assessment and training
                              Associations (WRUAS)
                                                                      -Annual review and planning meetings

                                -Establish linkages to the regional
                                water authorities

                                -In consultation with the Regional
                                Water Authorities, spearhead the
                                development of long term action
                                plans for respective WRUAS in
                                the project area

                             -Formation of enterprise based           -Follow up and reporting on committee
Growth and development of umbrella committees                         activities periodically                  District Gender      and   Social
enterprise based agriculture                                                                                   Development Officers
groups                       -Election of       management            - Continuous capacity building through -District Agriculture and Livestock
                             committee per enterprise with            needs assessment and training especially Officers
                             clear by-laws                            in areas of enterprise development

                                  -Development of enterprise based -Annual review and planning meetings
                                  long term/strategic (growth)plans

                                  -Establish linkages to existing
                                  enterprise based national bodies
                                  and partners

                                -Election of a governing Health       Follow up and reporting on committee District      Gender      and    Social
Graduate and mainstream Health Community Committee with clear         activities periodically                Development Officers
based Groups into the Community terms of reference at FDA level                                              -District Public Health Officers
Health Strategy                                                       - Continuous capacity building through
                                 -Establish               linkages    needs assessment and training
                                (mainstream)to             existing
                                government systems                    -Annual review and planning meetings

                                  -In consultation with the MoH
                                  develop a long term action plan
                                  (per respective health group)


Fruit orchard production include;    Fruit      Tree       Nurseries   -Identification of the opportunities – juices, - Africa Harvest
Mango, Pawpaw,         Pineapples,    established for production of     fruit crisps, fresh produce and targeted
Avocadoes, Citrus, Tissue Culture     seedlings on commercial basis     markets                                        -Technoserve
Bananas                              CIGs existing with potential to   -Develop a seedling distribution plan among
                                                                        the farmers                                    -District Agriculture Officer
                                      produce similar products
                                  Umbrella       Groups      formed,    -CEPs support farmers in grafting of fruit
                                  currently under going trainings       trees as appropriate
                                                                        -Members through networks to agree on
                                                                        standards and volumes for Mangoes to
                                                                        facilitate steady competition
                                                                        -Identify marketing capacities, logistic for
                                                                        joint collection, post harvest handling and
                                                                        -foster improved business registration
                                                                        procedures to reduce costs and speed up
                                                                        business activities
                                                                        -Formation of Producer Associations

Dairy Goat Production Sheep, Umbrella groups for Dairy goat            -Identification of the opportunities – milk, live   -Dairy Goat Association of
Rabbits, Sheep, and Poultry production are in all districts. The       goats, manure, cheese, yoghurt                      Kenya (DGAK),
umbrella groups development  Groups already linked to Dairy            -Assess volumes by mapping out existing             -Kenya Stanbuk,
                             Goat Association Of Kenya and             producers ( small dairy farmers, Dairy goat         -Private Sector Development in
                             milk processing unit are under            milk CIG, medium and large dairy farmers            Agriculture
                             establishment in Muranga South.           -Identification value addition channels –           -District Livestock Production
                             Other districts have auction yards        processing centres                                  Officer
                             for enhanced sales                        -Identify potential markets and possibilities of    -Dairy Milk processors such as
                                                                       contractual farming ( hawkers or milk bars,         KCC, Brookside,Tuzo
                                                                       small and large retailers, caterers/ hoteliers
                                                                       -Implement production through setting up of a
                                                                       production and marketing infrastructure
                                                                       – The goat transfer program to be used in up-
                                                                       scaling the enterprise to medium and small
                                                                       -Members through networks to agree on
                                                                       production standards to facilitate steady
                                                                       -The entire process will entail – production,
                                                                       collection, cooling, pasterising, processing,
                                                                       transporting, whole sale and retail managed
                                                                       by farmer producer association

Environmental conservation and   More than 150 tree nurseries are          -Identify potential markets for products ( -District Agricultural Officer
sustainable land use.            established in the project area for       tree seedlings, porcelain materials)
The liner energy saving device, tree – woodlots.                           -Develop a plan for input supply for -Kenya Agricultural Research
and tree nurseries as commercial                                           production ( raw materials, tree seedlings) Institute
enterprises                                                                -Sorting, labeling, transportation, sales
                                                                       -Net working through Formation of Producer
                                                                       -Restart the process after chain analysis


Sustained strengthening of the Trainings provided to Community Refresher trainings and follow-ups to -District     Health   Management
Community       Health      Workers Health Workers             Community     Health    Workers through Team
groups in all project areas                                    community strategy approach

Sustained Community Based Trainings provided to CHWs on Follow-ups with the CHW groups                 District    Health   Management
Health   Information System the CBHIS                                                                  Team

Sustained strengthening of Health Training of Health   Facility Refresher trainings and follow-ups     -District   Health   Management
Facility Management Committees Management Committee                                                    Team
for health facilities supported by

Sustained  strengthening    of -PLWHAs group trainings on -Refresher trainings and follow-ups          Nyeri:
PLWHAs’ groups                 Home based care and nutrition
                                                                                                       CHAK & Tumutumu hospital for
                                -Provision of seed investment in                                       Ngumba PLWHAs in Nyeri
                                Income Generating Activities
                                                                                                       Kimathi University & DMOH
                                                                                                       for Nyaribo PLWHAs in Nyeri


                                                                                                       Wato wenye nguvu

                                                                                                       World Health Organisation,

                                                                                                       National AIDS Control Council

                                                                                                       Japanese          International
                                                                                                       Corporation Agency,

                                                                                                       Christian Children Fund,




Sustained     operation      and -Training of WUCs in Tariff -Refresher trainings and follow-ups   Respective   Water             Resource
management of Water projects     setting   &   Operation and                                       Management Authorities
                                 Maintenance (O&M)
                                                                                                   Respective water services Boards
                                -Training of community artisans
                                                                                                   District Water officers

Individual water connections       -Training of artisans           - Continuous water connections        Water User Committees

                                   -Acquisition of meters by WUG                                         District Water Officers

Sustained      water       quality Periodical sampling and water Continued sampling and water quality District Public Health Officers
monitoring                         quality analysis are conducted analysis
                                                                                                         District Water Officers/WARMA
                                                                  Disseminate results to the WUG members




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