UK Veterinary Checks in BIPs London 17 June 2011 Michael Glavin, DG SANCO, Unit G 6 Responsibilities for import control legislation • European Commission Directorate-General for Health & Consumers • Unit G6 – International Questions – EU Border Import Controls Section Head of Unit: Ella Strickland Lead officials: Michael Glavin & Patricia Langhammer A training initiative of the European Commission Directorate-General for Health and Consumers for EU and third country officials who undertake controls on food safety and veterinary issues. Legal basis: Article 51 of Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 Areas covered: • Food law • Feed law • Animal health rules • Animal welfare rules • Plant health rules General objectives: • High levels of competence and awareness of EU rules amongst official control staff • Ensure more uniform, objective and efficient controls throughout the EU • High levels of consumer protection, animal health and welfare and plant health • Level playing field for food businesses • Enhance trade of safe food Third country specific aims: • Help third countries to better understand and meet EU standards • Reduce rejections at EU borders and the burden on EU border inspectors • Ensure fair trade with third, particularly developing countries • Safer food for third country consumers and a more diverse product range in the EU BTSF in figures from 2006 to 2010 in general: • Around 520 events • More than 23.000 participants • Budget of approx. € 54 million Approx one third of this global activity covers third countries. BTSF in figures for 2011: • around 130 events • ´ 26 different thematic areas, • approximately 6.300 participants, • approx. € 14 million Programmes launched up to present day + EU-third countries 1. HACCP 13. Feed law 2. Animal by Products 14. Animal Health Controls (Aquaculture) 3. Animal Welfare 15. Animal Health Controls (bees/zoo 4. BIPs Airport animals) 5. BIPs seaport/roads/rail 16. TRACES for EU Member States 6. Zoonoses/microbiological criteria 17. Quality schemes 7. Food Hygiene and Control 18. Audit systems 8. Food Contact Materials 19. Support for EU controls 9. Plant Protection Products 20. EU food standards 10. Plant Health Control 21. Avian Influenza 11. TSE 22. Food Testing/SPS issues 12. Food/feed of non-animal origin 23. GMO analysis 24. RASFF and TRACES New EU programmes • Support for EU controls • Internal auditing • Organic farming/geographical indications • TRACES in Member States • E-learning : Pilot phase (first 5 modules) Border Inspection Posts 2006 - 2010 • 2006 with 1 course in an airport and 1 in a port (AT + UK) • 2007 with 3 courses in an airports and 3 in a ports (AT + IT) • 2008 expanded to cover also road/rail BIPs with 2 courses (LT), 2 airport courses (AT) and 2 portal courses (NL) • 2009/2010 with 1 course in an airport (AT), 2 road/rail courses (PL) and 5 portal courses (UK) Conclusions: practical approach proved successful concept, improved harmonised application of veterinary checks and general performance of BIPs and CAs, enhanced awareness for detection of fraud, BTSF decided to relaunch courses for BIPs Border Inspection Posts – 2011/2012 • 4 3-day workshops in seaports (DE) 2 3-day in road/rail BIP (PL) 3 3-day in airport (UK) • 40 participants per workshop • mixture between plenary sessions and practical workshops with practical exercises in BIPs Main subjects: EU legislation, live animals/products of animal/non-animal origin, FVO findings in BIPs, TRACES, import/transit control, information exchange, co-operation with customs, discussion of common problems – e.g. poor certification, composite products Import/transit control legislation Unit G 6 Import Control Section responsible for: • Veterinary checks legislation Directives 91/496/EEC and 97/78/EC • Approval of Border Inspection Posts (BIPs) Decision 2009/821/EC Review of import/transit control legislation • Started with a questionnaire to MS in 2007 • Memorandum with Conclusions agreed by the Agricultural Council in December 2008 • Report of the Commission on the effectiveness of import controls on all goods of SANCO responsibilities presented to the Agricultural Council and the EP in December 2010 Review: what we have done so far • Launch of a website for border controls • Guidance documents agreed with MS in Working Group sessions and adopted by the Standing Committee for the Food Chain and Animal Health: – CITES – Certification for import of fishery products – General Guidance for transit and transhipment • Enhanced co-operation with DG TAXUD and involvement in the Single Window Project Who knows our website ? The EC Health and Consumer DG has published a website for veterinary border controls http://ec.europa.eu/food/animal/bips/index_en.htm Review: what has been decided • System based on Directives 91/496/EEC and 97/78/EC has proved to work well • Organisation and functioning of BIPs will remain • Introduction of more risk based physical checks • Consolidation of an integrated approach to official controls • Simplification of the legal framework • Clarification and coherence of the legislation involved Review: what has been decided • Revision of Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 – In application since 2006 – Commission Report of 2009 concluded: • A solid and innovative system on an integrated and horizontal approach is in place – However, experience (MS CAs, FVO) has showed that adjustments are necessary in a number of areas Review: what has been decided • Integration of general principles of import controls on live animals, animal products, plant products and seeds in the framework of the official control Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 • Integration of general principles regarding residue controls in Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 and repeal Directive 96/23/EC • Review of requirements for inspection fees • Alignment of Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 with the review of the Animal Health Law, the Plant Health Law and the Modernised Customs Code Review of Reg. (EC) No 882/2004 (Single proposal) OC on Veterinary AH PH Seeds&PM Inspection residues border related related related Recast Fees of vet med controls controls controls controls General principle for imports/transits Animal products and live animals should only be authorised for entry into the EU if there is no potential risk to animal or public health relating to origin product animal Risk criteria considered for imports Origin • Country • Establishment • Residue control Animal Product • Species • Type: beef offal, sheep meat… • Disease • Treatment: temperature, pH, deboned… • Purpose: human consumption, feed… Import/transit requirements will remain Origin • Animal + public health Animal status + legislation • Certificate • Structure and power of • Quarantine veterinary services • Testing • Results of FVO missions Product • Certificate • Animal (transport, clinical exam, slaughter…) • Treatment (temperature, deboned…..) Review: what will change • Repeal of Directives 91/496/EEC and 97/78/EC • Detailed requirements will be laid down in secondary legislation based on Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 • Development of a more risk based approach to physical checks at EU borders taking account of: – RASFF data and Article 20/24 data – re-enforced checks – Results of FVO reports – Laboratory results national monitoring plans for border controls – Known scientific data (EFSA) – Safeguard Decisions and Safeguard Cell data • Use of TRACES for data mining to identify risky consignments for physical checks Review: what needs to be addressed • Further problematic areas to be addressed – Re-enforced checks – a Guidance Document and the integration in TRACES is in preparation – Re-import of live EU animals rejected at the border – Certification issues – Implementation of pre-notification – Channelled, split consignments, rejections, re- imports Review: what we continue • Enhance harmonised import controls in all MS and BIPs – to avoid “BIP shopping” • Regular missions of the Food and Veterinary Office – performance of CAs • Regular working group meetings to tackle problematic issues and to develop guidance or new legislation • BTSF - programme Review: challenges • Co-ordination • With other Directorate Generals, TAXUD • Within the different Units in SANCO • Internal and external Task Forces and Working Groups • Consultation MS CAs (Heads of Food Agencies, CVOs, COPHs) • Commission to present a proposal to the Council and the Parliament by spring 2012 Thank you for your attention !
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