Docstoc

The Late or “High” Middle Ages

Document Sample
The Late or “High” Middle Ages Powered By Docstoc
					Ms. Cawsey                                                                                SS8

                          The Late or “High” Middle Ages
The Early Middle Ages were a time of struggle and slow change. The era was focused on trying to
rebuild Europe after the Roman Empire. The Late Middle Ages (or High Middle Ages) also saw slow
change. But these changes will still impact our world today!




                                                                       !
                                         "   #   $%         &                      '
   Subject                     General Info                                Detail
The Crusades     ______________ is a holy city to __     P62 Did you know box = The term
                 major religions.                        “crusade” refers to the ______________
                    • __________ = where Jesus was       ________________________________
                                                         ________________________________
                        _____________ and ascended
                        to heaven
                                                         P62/1 The three main reasons why
                    • _____________ = place where        Europeans went to the Crusade were
                        Muhammad ____________ to            1. deep religious feelings
                        heaven                              2. prejudice __________________
                    • _______ = site of the _______             __________________________.
                        __________ built by Solomon         3. lust for __________ (or $)

                 In ______ CE, _________ entered the 62/3-63/1 Knights saws fighting in a
                                                         holy was as a way of _______________
                 city and took __________________.
                                                         ________________. He also gained an
                                                         ________________________________
                 But the Arabs __________________ through his warlike deeds.
                 and _____ pilgrims ______ Jerusalem.
                 In fact, Jews and Christians could ____ 63/1 Many of the knights were _______-
                 in Palestine as long as they _______    _________________ feudal nobles who
                 their _________ like everyone else.     hoped to win _____________ and even
                                                         ________________ from their enemies.


                 The Problem: Around 1095, a ______
                 _______ of ________ took _______
                 of Jerusalem. They _______ the ____
                 to Jewish and Christian __________.     P63/2 Thousands of men, ________, and
                                                         ________ walked across _____. On the
                 The Solution: The Pope acted. He called way to Constantinople, this ______ band
                 for a ________ - a ______________ of ________ was _________ for several
                                                         ________ of ____ and fellow ________.
                 whose goal was to _______________
                                                         In return, they were _______ and driven
                                                         from place to place
_______ people _______________.            Look at the map on page 64 (figure 2-
                                           11). Give at least three reasons that you
About _____________ left Western           can get from the map as to why the
Europe to fight in Jerusalem.              Crusaders could not keep control of their
   • For knights, this was a chance to     conquests:
                                            1. _____________________________
      _____ their _____________,               _____________________________
      something they enjoyed and did
                                               _____________________________.
      well. They were delighted to
                                            2. _____________________________
      have such a worthy battle to
                                               _____________________________
      fight.
                                            3. _____________________________
                                               _____________________________
   •   For _______, this was a chance          _____________________________.
       to ______ from their dreary life
       in the feudal system. The pope          Page 64 read the Atrocities of War box
       promised that if they died while
       fighting a holy crusade, they                         Now read the following
       would _______________ be                      Fill out the form that follows
       ______________________
   •   For others, it was a chance to                        !       "
       have an ____________, and
       perhaps even to ___________.
                                                                         "
                                                 •       #
The Results: After about ________ of                             "                                       "
______ traveling, _______, ______,               •       #
                                                                                                     $
______ weather, and quarrels amongst                                                                             "
themselves, the crusaders finally arrived        •       #
in Jerusalem. After a ___-_____ siege
of the city, the _______. The crusaders
                                                 •       #
had _____ back Jerusalem. Some men                                                                                       "
____. Some _____________. Those                          %               "                                   "
                                                                                                 "
who returned brought _____________
and new forms of _______________. &                          $                           %
                                           !
                                                 •       '
                   : It was a short victory.     •       (
_____ than _______ later, ________
once again ___________ Jerusalem.                    !                       $
                                                 "                                           $           "
Again the pope called for a crusade to                                                   "
take back the city.                                  !                                                               "
    • Second Crusade (1147-1149) not )                                           *
       successful.                               •       #                           +
    • Third Crusade (1189-1192) not              •       #
                                                 •       #
       successful.
    • Fourth Crusade (1202-1204).
       Instead of attacking Jerusalem,
    the crusaders attacked                            Discussion: In groups of 2-4
    Constantinople. They _______                      people fill out the following
                                                      chart $!
    ______, _______, ________                                     )*       !
                                                                                     (

    and ________. They _______                                   &+
    ________. They __________
    __________. Their ridiculous
    excuse was that they needed             ____________                 ____________
    money to defend Constantinople        _____________                _____________
    from the same fate as Jerusalem,        ____________                 ____________
    as well as to fund the rescue of      _____________                _____________
    Jerusalem. The people of                ____________                 ____________
    Constantinople did not find this      _____________                _____________
    excuse acceptable, and they were        ____________                 ____________
    ____________________ for              _____________                _____________
    the west.                             _____________                _____________

•   The ____________ Crusade in
    1212 was a terrible _________.
    Many ________ of French and
    German children ____ trying to
    reach Jerusalem. They believed
    ____ would ____ them because
    they were children. Many died of
    _______. Other ________ to           What do YOU think? Were the Crusades
    death. When the survivors            about religion or something else?
    reached the Mediterranean Sea,                          '(
    they expected the waters to part              $          ,                   ,
    and let them pass. When this did     ________________________________
    not happen, those who were left      ________________________________
    returned dismally home.              ________________________________
                                         ________________________________
•   Over the ____________, there         ________________________________
    were __________________              ________________________________
    crusade attempts, but they were      ________________________________
                                         ________________________________
    motivated more by _________
                                         ________________________________
    ____ than by religious purpose.      ________________________________
    _______________. By 1291,            ________________________________
    200 years after the first crusade,   ________________________________
    European leaders lost interest.      ________________________________
    Western Europe never admitted        ________________________________
    defeat. They simply stopped          ________________________________
    asking for new crusaders.            ________________________________
                                         ________________________________
                                         ________________________________
A Humane Warrior                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                May 28 / 30, 2005

'       % - ' ( +! -
    # -                        #            .                                       /                       0                             1
                                                                                                                                                      %                                                                                        "
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 2
                       /                                          3                                                     /                         0                                        4                                      5                                 #             .                           "
#                              6                              %                                     4                                 /                                                                          7                         %                                 3%
                                                                                                                                              "
    !             8                . 8                    /                                         .                                                                                                                                                                    #
                  .                                 .                                                                        3/                        2                                             9               1                         8       .                                  :               "
                   %                                                           .#           .                                                         "&                                                                                                            ;                 '
+                          #                        1                      4                                                          #                           "#                       %
                       2                                                                    #                           '         +                                                                                                                                                               "
    %                                           #                                                                                                                              2                3%
              "1                                                                                                                                                                                                     2
                                   %                                                                            "                                                                                                                                          .
                  3 3 :                                                                                                                                                                         "
                                                                                                                                                                               #                                                                                                  33
%                                      3%                 33                                                                                                               "                                             /                 0
5                          #                                                                                                                                                                   "1                .
          .                                               .                                                 "-                                                                                                                                                   "
                   /                                                                                                                                          5        /                                 %                                                     <
                                                          < #                               $                                                                                                                                                                   ==                            "
                                                           /                                                                                      "
                   -                                    +    1                                                                      5                                                                                        #         .
                   "8                                                                                                             > ???                                                -                     .                                     5                 #
                                                                      "<                        <                       "<                                                                                                              "<                 -
                                            #                                                                                                             "
                                                         @>                                     #                                                                                                                                                                                             2
                                                                                        "
    &         %                         #                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 "
                                                                                                                                                                  2    #
                                                                  %                                     *                                                                          2                                              2
                                                                                                                    "
                                   #                                                                                                                  !                                                                                                                                                       "
&                                      #                              <                                                                                                                                                      "<
                                                                                                                                                                                   %                                         "1                                 *        A                            "
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      http://www.counterpunch.org/butler05282005.html


What are key words that sum up Saladin? _______________________________________________

Highlight (or underline) at least FIVE examples of Saladin’s character / behaviour towards others (on
the article above.

The article points out that many Muslim leaders today want to be called Saladin. Do you think a leader
like Saladin could be successful today? Why or why not? ____________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
Rise of       ___________ was an _______ king.         P66/1 Eleanor of Aquitaine
Monarchies                                             She lived for ___ years. She was the
& the Magna   He was ____ a very ________ person. queen of _________ and ____________.
Carta         He told _______.                         P66/2 She believed there should be
                                                       ______ between the sexes – a ________
              He put ______________ in _______ idea for many in feudal society. With
              so that he could _____ their belongings. her first husband, the king of France, she
                                                       went on a _______. For the journey, she
              He put a _________ in _______ once dressed in ___________ armour. Louis
              just so he could _________ the man' ended that marriage & she re-married the
                                                    s
              __________ and ________.                 king of England, ___________ II.
                                                       P66/3 With Henry, she had ___ children.
              There was a rumour that he _________ She encouraged her children to _______
              his ______, but it was ___________. against her husband. He threw her in
              The King of France demanded to know      __________ for many years.
              where the boy was. King John was a       She ruled England while her son ______
              vassal of the King of France. That meant ______________ was fighting in the
              he had to answer. But he did not respond Crusades (against Saladin). After
              to the King of France.                   Richard died, she helped her other son
              ____________________________ _______________________________.
              _______. He would promise anything
                                                        P67/1 King John
              to anybody, especially if there was
                                                        Known to us as the _____ in the ______
              money in it for him, but he soon _____    _______ legend.
              ___________________________.              The pope excommunicated ______ and
              When the archbishop of Canterbury         placed all of England under an interdict,
              died, King John _____ the ________,       which ___________________________
                                                        __________. No one could be properly
              ________ all the _____, and kept the      ______, _______, or _____. B-
              _______and the _______ for himself.                                             C
              This made the _________________.          %
                                                                            7
              The archbishop ________ the ______
                                                                            C DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDE
              together and _____ the _____ of the
              land to them.                             P67/2 So he could hunt better, he _____
              He made sure they _______________         ______________ hedges that protected
              _____________under the law.               _________________ from wild animals.
              Some could _________, and many did        He took the relatives of ___________ as
              not know their rights.                    hostages and sometimes ___________
              They were _________ to discover that      them. He even hired foreign _________
                                                        to fight his own ___________________.
              ___________ was ______ the ____,
              and that they could do something about
              it.
              The nobles ____________ King John.
                                                                      Quick review:
              King John ______________ he would ,
              do _________________.             -
                                                 He promised the nobles that he would
                                                 ______________________ again
                                                 without discussing it first. After all, it
                                                 was the law.
                                                 In truth, however, the law had as much
                                                                                                                 ,            67
                                                 value to King John as did his word.
                                                 _______ later, he ______________
                                                 again without consulting anyone.

                                                 He had ____ of his _____________,
                                                 and _________ their ______, without                  +"!                          688*
                                                 allowing them to present any defence.
                                                 The nobles were _______. ________
                                                 and ready, they gathered a _________                                !                      "      #
                                                                                                                      $
                                                 of nobles at the town of ___________.

                                                 They brought the _______________.
                                                 The archbishop read aloud to the king
                                                 from a parchment he held, a parchment
                                                                                                  9           - !                          6:;7+
                                                 called the ______________, the Great
                                                 Charter.                                     http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/king_john.htm

                                                                                              Which source is a primary document?
                                                 As the king listened, he became more
                                                 and more _______. How _______ his
                                                                                              Which source is a secondary document?
                                                 nobles treat him like this? How dare the
.                                   /0
                            !                    archbishop read from a piece of paper
    (                                            and _________him to __________?              Which source states that John was just
                        !                                                                     plain bad & evil?
%                                                It was clear, even to selfish King John,
                                                 that if he __________ sign, his nobles
                                !
                                                 would __________ him.                 Which source states that he had potential
            1                            2
                                                                                       but was sabotaged by all fohte people
                        2           (            ________ an _____ behind him, some around him?
                    3
                                                 pretender would soon ____ his _____.
        2 4$                                                                           Which source states that he had the
                        !           (
                                                 The king was furious about it, but he training to be successful but he didn’t
                                             5                                         have the personality to rule properly?
        !                                        _____ the ___________ in ____.
                4
                                                 The Magna Carta was a ___________. Why would there be so many different
                                                 _______ rights were ____________. points of view on King John?
                                                                                    ________________________________
                                                 The Magna Carta ___________ them ________________________________
                                                 so there would be _______________. ________________________________
                                                                                    ________________________________
                                                 The Magna Carta added __________. ________________________________.
              One of the new rights was that ______                   Canadian Charter of Rights and
              could keep _______ over the ______.                     Freedom states F!
                                                                                                      G "!
              They could _____ his _______ if he
                                                                                                                     "H

              did not keep his word.                     Written 767 years earlier the Magna
              Some historians say that after signing the Carta declared:
              Magna Carta, King John went home in a I                                                                G
                                                                                           G $
              ________, and ________, and rolled                                                                  "
              around on the floor like a madman.                                                                          "H
                                                         http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/magna_carta/
              Perhaps he did. But it did not matter.
              From that day on, things changed in        How is the Magna Carta a cornerstone
                                                         for the Canadian basis of law? _____
              England forever. _______________           ________________________________
              __________________________.                ________________________________
              He had to obey the law, just like          ________________________________
              everyone else. If he did not, his nobles
              could seize his lands and banish him       What is the Magna Carta the first step
              from England.                              towards? (hint 67/3) ________________

Knights,      !     : At age _, a _______________   141/5 (knighthood and chivalry) Two new
Squires and   began his _________. During this firsttechnologies of war, the _________ and
Pages                                               ______ made heavy plate amour useless
              step of training, boys were called ____.
                                                    142/2 In practice, of course, ___ knights
                                                    were truly ____________. For instance,
              As a page, a boy ______ how to ____, knights _______ extended their code of
              how to ______________, and how to chivalry to the ______ who worked on
              _______ a _________ into battle.      manors to _______ them. Mistreatment
                                                    of serfs by knights—including ________
              He learned _____________ from the     – was so common that ______ had to be
              nobleman' ________.
                        s                           passed ________________ on peasants.
                                                    142/ “Did you know?” blue box The
                                                    word “chivalry” comes form the French
              Like everyone, pages had a _________
                                                    word __________, meaning _________,
              ________________, a certain way of and refers to the fact that knights almost
              behaving that they had to follow.     always fought on ________________.
                                                    142/ 4 A page would serve by learning
              The rules were ___________ and very to ride, fight and also learning to play
              _______. Some of the rules were:      ___________ and _________.
                 • When you _____ a lord' place,
                                              s     143/2 Most squires expected to be
                     say, "____________" and with knighted, but some could not ________
                                                    the necessary armour and other
                     humble cheer, _________ who
                                                    equipment and so ___________ squires
                     are present.
                                                    for ______. In modern times, a suit of
                                                    good plate amour, would cost as much as
                 • _____________ in rudely, but a modern _________________.
                     enter with _________ and at an 143/3 Those who did advance usually
                     easy pace, and ______on ____ became knights at the age of ____.
                     ____________ to your ____.
                                             •   Make obeisance (_____) to your                & (% )
                                                                                              %' & * #              #
                                                                                                    +8     %
                                                 lord always ______________,                         " %
                                                 otherwise ______ as ______
                                                                                                 "
                                                 as a stone _______________.              "
                                                                                  /
                                                                                                               ";
                                        "#    At age ____, a ______ could
                                        ___________ a _________.                               " '                      6
                                                                                  B   $         E
                                        Each squire was _______ to a _____.
                                        A knight could have _____________.
!                       J
                    K                   The squire ___________ the knight to
                                        whom he was assigned.
6                                                                                 ________________________________
                                        Squires _________________ how to
                                                                                  ________________________________
                B6                      fight and how to behave.
                                                                                  ________________________________
                                                                                  ________________________________
                L                       $          Once a _______________ ________________________________
                                        __________ in __________, and his ________________________________
        K                               knight felt he was ready, he could        ________________________________
                                    E
    "       B                           _____________________ himself. ________________________________
                                                                                  ________________________________
                                        Squires were knighted in __________ ________________________________
                                        ___________________________. ________________________________
    G

                            K
                                                                                  ________________________________
                                                                                  ________________________________
                "                       _____: All knights, like all people from ________________________________
                                        all walks of life in the Middle Ages, had ________________________________
                                B       to __________________________. ________________________________
                            E                                                     ________________________________
                                    K   This way was called the ___________ ________________________________
    K                K
                                        ___________________________. ________________________________
                                                                                  ________________________________
                                        The code said that all knights had to be  ________________________________
                                        ___________________________. ________________________________
                                                                                  ________________________________
                                        They had to keep their ___________. ________________________________
                                                                                  ________________________________
                                                                                  ________________________________
                                        They had to ______ the _______.            ________________________________
                                        They had to ___________________
                                        in a _____________ manner.

                                        Over time, chivalry became the ______
                                        of _____________ in Western society
The Hundred   P145/1 The Hundred Years war was a struggle between the ________ and ______
Years’ War    of _______and _______ that lasted from 1338-1453 (which is really ___ years). The
              war lasted so long because there were frequent long __________ and nobody fought
              during the _________ months. Even during active military campaigns, armies spent
              much of their time ______________ for position, __________________, trampling
              ________ and raiding farmers’ ________ stores.
                                      P145/3 The English had powerful weapons that the French
                                      did not: __________
                                      They were ordinary villagers ___________ in the use of the
                                      ________. They shot metre-long ______ from ____ almost
                                      __ meters in height. It was reported that an arrow from a
                                      longbow could _________ a knight’s ______________ and
                                      ______ him. The thrust was so powerful that it could send
                                      an arrow through the armoured ___ of a mounted _______,
                                      the body of his ____, and the knight’s leg on the ________.
              146/1 Many of the French _______ to fight with anyone of “___________” so they
              would ___ attack the ______…. The lowly English archer made the knight obsolete.

              P140 (Blue Box)          !              ,
                                              ,              -
              What advantage did the light dress of the archers give them over the heavily
              armoured French? ____________________________________________________
              ___________________________________________________________________
              ___________________________________________________________________
              ___________________________________________________________________
              ___________________________________________________________________
                                      .       !                     /     0
                           *              ,       +
                                                                           1
              Why were the French unable to change to the new, better version of warfare? Why
              didn’t the French become ‘extinct’ like Darwin’s theory suggests? ____________
              __________________________________________________________________
              __________________________________________________________________
              __________________________________________________________________
              __________________________________________________________________

              P148/1 Joan of Arc was a ____ year old _______ girl. She appeared in French court
              claiming that ______ voices had commanded her to drive the ______ out of France.
Joan of Arc   P148/2 She was an ________________ leader.
              P148/3 She enjoyed other triumphs, but _____ years after her victory at Orleans, she
              was ______. King Charles refused to ___ for her ransom, so she was put on trial for
              heresy and _________. Once piece of evidence considered important at her trial was
              that she dressed in _______, which was ________ clothing. On May 30, 1531 Joan
              was __________ at the stake. She was just ____________ years old.
              P148/4 Her death proved to be as ___________ as her life had been. She forced the
              French to start thinking of themselves as one _________ rather than a collection of
              fiefdoms always at ______ with each other. She also contributed to the end of
              _______________ in Europe
                                  Current Events                                       Canada in Afghanistan
                                  +    (                   *                   &               ? 6??@ M              *NN           "               " N             N        N6 ? ? @ N? 6 N ? N 3                   "           /'/ I            (shortened for SS8 content)



                                  #                                                                             23 /
                                                                                                                 3%
                                                                                                                "
             ' 6??O /                                                                          $
                                               4 5(                                              #                                                         &           B # & E"
                        3
                      23 3/                                                                    ;                                                                                     6                  "
         &                $                                    I       "           6??O /
                                                                               %                        '                          /                               #        "8
;                     %                                    $                                                                                   0                                                                    "
                                                                                                                                   "' ,                                  2 3 % 7/
                                                                                                                                                                          3) 3
             ";               /                                                        /                                                                                        "
                                                                                   9                                                       /                                                                                                 "#
                                                                                                                                               &                   6??@                                                     C
                                                                                                                                                                    C


                                                                                                                         /                         .
                                                                                                            (                #                                         % 23"
                                                                                                                                                                        % 3%                                                                                       9           )
                                                                                                                ;                                                  "
                                                                                                                              &                                6??6                                                     9
                                                                                                            9                . /                                +                                           0
     $                        "                                    (               #
                              3P                                                                                                                                                      ( "#"3        ;
!                 &                    "
&                             6??>             8                       6??Q /                       .                                                                                 ;
                                           0                                                                                                               &           " # &
                                                                                                            <                                                             <
                                                   6??Q"
         ;        5         > 6??O I                           ;
                          " # &                                                                                                                                                              0
                                                                       "
         + "3)                "8      -                                    '                                                                                            I        ;                                                          "1
                               = ??? I                     ;                     L                          6 6?? /                                            L                                    $                                                         3#                   6??O"
                                                                               6 Q??                         #                         "
                                                                                           #                                                           %                                                                                                               /
                                                                                                                     0                                             3%
                                                                                                                                                                   2%                                           1                /                        "
                                                                                                    /                                                                                                                                             +
                                                                                                                                                                        6??@
                                                                                                                                                                                                            /
                                                                                           0                         2%"
                                                                                                                       3%                                  $                                                                    4 5                                      3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       %3 3 1
                                                                                                                     ;
                                                                                                                     "
                                                                                           !                    6??@                                                                 I        ;                                         /
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    "
( "#" 9                           '                ;                                            I           ;                                                                                                                                                 $
/       .                                                                              6?                                                                              ( "#"          /                                                               ;                &
6??@"
1                                 "%           %                                       ( "#" 5                   /                         #                                         8                                          /           9
                                                       $                                "
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     9
                        .     !                                      :

In groups of 2-4 fill in the chart below focused on that question. Try to come up with as many ideas
and examples as possible using your notes and articles. Remember, ask if you’re not sure!

                                                                         ' (")      "   )' * ('
               +     , - )    * ('                                  100 yrs                  CND in Afg
         100 yrs               CND in Afg                       _____________           _____________
    _____________            _____________                      _____________           _____________
    _____________            _____________                      _____________           _____________
    _____________            _____________                      _____________           _____________
    _____________            _____________

                                                                                  ) - ' / !) ' (          (   "
                                                                                   100 yrs          CND in Afg
                                                                          _____________           _____________
           *        .! )      /, - / , 0                                  _____________           _____________
           -       ) +) , . /    - * ('                                   _____________           _____________
         100 yrs               CND in Afg                                 _____________           _____________
    _____________           _____________
    _____________           _____________                 ( /)    " / 1 ) +1 2
    _____________           _____________             100 yrs             CND in Afg
    _____________           _____________       _____________        26 NATO
                            _____________       _____________        countries, 10
                            _____________       _____________        partners & 2 non-NATO

                            _____________       _____________               (US, UK
                                                                     countries.
                                                                     & CND highest
                                                                     causalities)
                      Now, on your own (but you can still consult your group if you need clarification)
                     you’re going to write four paragraphs (use your own paper & double space )

                             !        %      will be your introduction. Briefly explain what the two wars
                       were fought over. Never use “this essay is about” or “I am going to tell you”…
                       Again, if you’re not sure, please ask me

!       % & will be what you see as the benefits of war… what good came out of either or both
wars? Explain why those events were good.

!       %     will be what are negatives of war… what negative things came out of either conflict?
Explain why those events were bad.

!        %    will be your opinion. In this paragraph tell your reader if you think, in general, that
wars are good ways to settle disputes or not. Tell the reader why you think so.


                                     For marking grid, see chalk board
Medieval            Since the ______ and _______ of a _____ depended upon his __________ to
Castles             ___________ himself, fief owners began to build _____________________.
                    Castles were designed to __________ a ______ and to _______ a ________.
                    At first castles were made of ______. But they were _________ to _____ down.
                    By 1100 CE, castles were built of __________.
                    ________________________________ a castle.
                    Inside these thick walls, there were _______________________.
                    At the ________ sign of ________, the ___________________ to get __side
                    the castle walls before the _____________________ and shut them out.
                    http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/lostempires/trebuchet/destroy.html
                    http://www.nationalgeographic.com/castles/enter.html



           % 3:                         %: One of the ________________
                                          $                                             +           Castles were
The chapel was                _______ the ________ was the keep. The                    usually built on ____ of
build _______                 keep was a __________ topped by a _____                   a _____, if one was
_________ the                 ____________ with _____________ for                       handy. That way, the
lord' ______
     s                        castle _______ to use. The keep stored ___,               ____________ guards
or as a _______               _____, and ____ in case of siege.                         could more _________
building place                                                                          _________________
to hold religious                                                                       approaching.
services

      ,                                                                                            : A moat was
- 3 : The Great
    3                                                                                 built ________ many of
Hall was a                                                                            the castles. This was a ____
_____________                                                                         ________ surrounding the
that __________                                                                       castle walls, filled with
the lord' ______
        s                                                                             ______. A _______ was
to the ________.                                                                      built to cross the moat. The
                                                                                      bridge was _____ during an
                                                                                      attack. The moat was loaded
                                                                                      with ______ and _______
,             The                                                                     ________ in case someone
gatehouse was a                                                                       tried to swim across.
building used by                        452      : The drawbridge was the
the _________ at              ______ built _____ the ____. This bridge                              6 : Other
the _______. The              could be raised and lowered for _______                 buildings made up the
__________ was                _______________ from intruders.                         barracks. the barracks were
the _________ of                                                                      the _____ of the _______
__________ at                                                                         and their _____________.
P147 Look at the large picture on this page. What is the “opened” building called left of center (you
may have to use your notes on the last page to help)? ______. What is behind the houses in the middle-
right side of the picture? ____________ What is probably on the other side of that (facing outwards)?
______ What type of roofs do the small houses have (we did learn this term!)? ______________

Now, read the yellow box labelled Figure 5-8. Make a list of the activities going on inside this castle.
If it is an activity that helps keep the castle protected for a long period of time from battle, explain how

                    Activity             Help protect
                                        over long time?
                                                                         How?
                                                          _____________________________________
           _______________                Yes      No     _____________________________________

                                                          _____________________________________
           _______________                Yes      No     _____________________________________

                                                          _____________________________________
           _______________                Yes      No     _____________________________________

                                                          _____________________________________
           _______________                Yes      No     _____________________________________

                                                          _____________________________________
           _______________                Yes      No     _____________________________________


Figure 5-7 (box on top of page, right hand side) What was used in attacking the castles? __________
_________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________

Trade Fairs        Trade: One of the _______ of the _______ is            P149/2 At first traders sold their
                   that crusaders brought back with them exotic           good in regular local _______ or
                   _______, soft _____, scented ____, glorious            _____ held in towns and villages
                                                                          and sponsored by ___________.
                   ________, colourful ____, and other ______
                   goods.
                                                                          The fairs were _________ events
                   Everyone wanted more of these wonderful                where people gathered to
                   luxury goods, and the answer on how to get             __________ and browse, not just
                   them was ______________.                               to buy.
                   In order to trade, you would need
                                                                          150/1 ordinary people realized
                       •   __________________________                     that they could _____ things and
                       •   Traders - _____ to do the actual trading       ___them in ________ for ______
                       •   Something to trade - everyone wanted           Here was their __________ from
                           luxury goods, but _______ did Western          _______________
                           ____ope ______ to ______ in return?
                       •   _________ - a safe place to store your         Fairs were soon filled with ____
                           goods                                          crafted goods made in western
                                                                          _______ as well as far-off lands.
                       •   _____________ - a place to offer your
                           goods for sale
   Medieval       Trade fairs ____________ in both size
    Banks         and importance. Goods were pouring in
                  by ship and by caravan from _______,                  How did Medieval bankers
                  _______, and other parts of _______.                  make a lot of money from
                  Along with goods, the traveling         a small percentage. Let’s understand
                                                          that better
                  merchants and traders brought their ___
                  __________________.                     OK Lord Clifton of Wallington wants to
                                                          borrow the modern equivalent of $1000
                  Banks: Traders needed                   for his daughter’s wedding dress.
                  _____________ who would exchange He goes to Borin the Banker who
                  one form of currency for another.
                                                          charges a 10% interest rate per month.
                  Moneychangers _________ for this          So Borin sits down with the Lord shows
                  service, just as bankers did in ancient   him how much it will cost him in
                  Greece, and just as banks do today.       “interest”.
                                                            He takes the $1000 x .1 = ____ + 1000 =
                  Moneychangers only charged a ______
                                                            $_______ Lord Clifford must pay back
                  __________________, but ______            in 1 month.
                  exchanges happened at the fairs that
                  most bankers became quite rich.           If his peasant’s crops get hit with a really
                                                            bad frost, he has to wait 12 months to
                  Money: _______ was _________ an           pay! Ughh! What will he owe?
                  ________ form of payment. Merchants       1000 x .1 = ____ x 12 months = $_____
                  wanted money for their goods.             + 1000 =$______ in 1 year! That is over
                                                            double the price of the initial dress!
                  To raise money, the nobles began to ___
                  their _______ for cash. They used the   So let’s try a harder one. Fendrel the
                  money they made to buy luxury goods.    Bold wants to buy his suit of armour for
                                                          the modern equivalent of $36 000.
                  Many ordered more luxury goods than       Brom the Banker offers him a 15%
                  they had cash to purchase. To get more    interest rate per year. What will he owe
                  cash, some nobles _______________         after 2 years?
                  from the new banks, offering their ____
                  as guarantee of payment.                  $36 000 x .___ =________ 1 yr interest
                                                            1 yr interest + 2nd yr interest =
                                                              $______ + $_______ = $_________
                  It ________________ to these nobles
                                                            $36 000 + 2 yrs interest ($________) =
                  that they ___________________ the         $_______________ Fendrel owes Borm
                  banks back.                               after 2 years WOW
                                                            (Some credit cards today charge over 19%! WOW, eh?)
Towns, Guilds     Serfs Buy Their Way to                    154/1 London today has more than ____
and trade fairs   Freedom: When faced with the need for     ______________ people.
                  _________, and to __________ their        In 1300 it had only ________ people
                  ______, nobles once again offered their   (Prince George has about __________
                                                            people)
                  ____ a ______ to ___ their _______,       154/2 Most towns and cities were the
                  just as their fathers and uncles and
                                                            ___________ for farm communities.
grandfathers had done before them,        Citizens usually built an _____________
when money was needed by the nobles       of ______ to protect against ____. They
to buy armour and weapons for the         also built ____ which they ___ at night.
crusades.                                 As the village developed into a town and
                                          then into a city, ever _____________ of
This time, money was needed to _____      walls were built.
__________ and to buy _________
_______________.                          154/3 Town houses were often _______
                                          _____________ high. With their upper
This time, because the _____ had ____
                                          floors _________________ the street.
goods at the growing local
______________, _____ were ____           In some places, swineherds drove _____
to ______ their ______________.           through the town to ________ the waste.
That was the __________ of the ____
                                          154/4 There was much more
of the __________________. As the         entertainment for people. People could
serfs left, the feudal system declined.   see bear baiting (see side yellow box
The serfs were free, but ___________      bear bating is a public spectacle in which
could they ____?                          _______________________) and other
                                          blood sports. Life in town was _______.
 o Some _________ on the land and
  ______ for the nobles for _______.
 o If a crusade was being organized,      Using the information to the side and
                                          above, draw what you think a street
  they could join the ___________
                                          scene in a bigger town would look like.
 o Most new freemen moved to the
  __________________ in search of
  work.

Rise of Towns: The _______ of ____
in Western Europe ______________.
Many _____________ along the sides
of the _____ on the _____________.
War between barbarian tribes had
declined, but there were ___________
_________________.
Townspeople built ________ around
the town to ___________themselves.
Early Town Life: Inside the wall, there
were ________ winding _______,
and __________________ piled high
with goods to trade.
Along each narrow street, there were
____________. Store owners ______
________ their shops. Shops were
made of ____ with ______________.
         ______ was a ________________.              P155/1 The towns drew people longing
                                                     for _________. Although the town was
         In the _________, people who lived in       _______ and ________, people had the
         _____ were ____ that ___________.           freedom to do as they _______, _______
         Towns were more of a grouping of            whom they pleased, and make ________
         traders, each with a permanent shops -      as they could.
         traders that had banded together to         According to the law, runaway _______
         protect themselves from outside attack.     could gain their freedom by __________
         There were some inns to house travelers,    ________________________________
         and some stables to take care of the        ________________________________.
         horses, and maybe a doctor or two.          Because the towns were so small, this
         But towns were small.                       was actually quite ____________ to do.
         As _______ and __________ moved
                                                     155/2 Most medieval towns were
         to the towns, the towns ______ in size.     _________; that is, they ______ or were
         Things were ____ as ____________.           ______ the right to exist by the _______
         Towns began to ______. There was __         or the local lord.
         __________ in the towns. ________           (see yellow box to side a charter is a
         and ______ was tossed into the _____.       written order _____________________
                                                     ________________________________)
         The _________ who ___________
         and burned the garbage were the _____       155/2 A charter gave a town certain
         _______ in the area who _________           privileges, one of which was that the
         to keep the _____ somewhat _______          town could ________ itself.
         so that people could come to their shops.   ________ citizens and the guilds usually
                                                     ____________ the town government.
         Much of the _______________ in the
         streets until it _______________.           P156/1 By referring to passages in the
                                                     Bible, the Church taught that ________
         People got ___________________.             lower social status was _____________.

         The ______ conditions were _______. 157/2 Town women were ___________
                                                     _____ than women who worked the field
         Unless you had a shop of your own, with because they ___________. In addition,
         customers that paid their bills, you either they ___________ their homes, went to
         ______ for someone in ________ for _________, _________ the meals, ____
         ____ and ______, or you ________. the wool, ______ the cloth, _______ the
                                                     ________ and ______ for their _______.
         In spite of the conditions, more and more
         people arrived in the towns, eager to       Women of wealthy families had many
                                                     opportunities. They often received a
         _______ their life as serfs on the          good ________, either through school or
         manors.                                     under a ________.
Guilds                   s
         During the 1100' CE, merchants, artists,    P151/2 Guilds were ________________
         bankers, and other ______________           organizations that set _________ for the
         _________________________ in                __________ of their products, controlled
                                                     ______ for them, kept out ___________
business associations called ________.     craftspeople, and _________________
The ______ belonged to the _______         competition.
_______. The ______ belonged to the        If a member of the candle-makers guild
___________________. And so on.            grew too sick to work, the other candle
                                           makers would ____________________
Purpose of the Guilds: The purpose of      ________________________________.
the guilds was to _____ each member's
__________________________.                P152/1 Acceptance into a guild came at
                                           the end of a _____ and difficult
If you were a baker, your guild            ____________________________.
________ you a _______________
_____ before another baker could build     Apprentice = ______________________
                                           _________________________________
a shop. As well, if your shop _______
                                           _________________________________
_____, the guild would ___________         _________________________________
and your family.                           _________________________________
                                           _________________________________
Guilds also arranged _____________         _________________________________
and festivals for its members.             _________________________________

Requirements for Guild                     Journeyman = ____________________
Membership: In exchange, guilds had        _________________________________
_____________ that you, as a guild         _________________________________
member, had to follows. Rules included:    _________________________________
   • _________: The guild decided          _________________________________
      on the price of each item. All
      bakers, for example, ________        Master = _________________________
                                           _________________________________
      the ___________ for a loaf of
                                           _________________________________
      bread, the price set by the guild.
                                           _________________________________
   • _____________: All workers            _________________________________
      had to be ______ the ______,
      so that the best workers could not
      be enticed away with better
      wages somewhere else.
   • _______________: Everyone
      had to satisfy the quality           R                        " R
      standards set by their respective                                   S
      guild. ____one was allowed to                " R
                                               $
      sell __________________.                               " R              6?
   • __________________: ___                             B                         E"
                                           -
      guild member could ________
      their wares. The guilds wanted           ________________________________
      people to think that all wares
      offered the ____________, no         _________________________________
      matter what shop sold them.          _________________________________
Teacher Guilds: As the towns grew,       ________________________________
guild leaders realized there was a _____ _________________________________
for __________ and ________.
                                         _________________________________
If they were going to _____________, ________________________________
they ________ a ______ of _____.         _________________________________
But almost ___________ how to ___
                                         _________________________________
and ________.
                                         ________________________________
To ____ this, one of the towns created a _________________________________
"_________", a ________ of _____
                                         _________________________________
__________________.
                                         ________________________________
The university was ___ a _________. _________________________________
School was held in ___________ and
                                         _________________________________
in _________. ______ were ______.
But classes met on a regular schedule.   ________________________________
                                          _________________________________
_____ just ______ could be a student.
To study at university, you had to ____   _________________________________
a _____ and be accepted.                  ________________________________
                                          _________________________________
By the end of the 1200' __________
                       s,
_______ (universities) had sprung up      _________________________________
all over Europe. There were ________      ________________________________
__________ students at any one time       _________________________________
studying Roman Law, Latin classics, the
teachings of Islamic scholars, and the    _________________________________
philosophies of Aristotle.                ________________________________

_______ who attended the universities _________________________________
were ___ the _____ of ______. They _________________________________
were the sons of the ______________ ________________________________
________.
                                          _________________________________
When _________ and ___ were added         _________________________________
to the curriculum, there was clearly a
                                          ________________________________
_______, the beginning of the ______
of __________.                            _________________________________
                                          _________________________________
The ___________ of the universities
                                          ________________________________
showed that things were __________,
and changing _______________.             _________________________________
Entertainment   Tournaments were ____________ of            '
                                                                              %                "
                _____ between ______. _________
                could ______ a tournament ___ they          ;                                      B                         TE
                had __________, a                           4              4             3
                _____________, a __________,                            .) 8 3        .) 8 ' 3                     5 9:
                and a ___________.
                                                            8
                                                                                  $                    C
                ________ could _____ a tournament,          ;
                including women and children.                                              C
                                                                                                   C
                Activities at the tournaments included
                                                            R                                                  N            Q3 ?
                _____________ and many forms of                     ,
                _____________.
                                                            '                                                       4                  *
                                                                "
                Two favourites were consistently the                                   C
                _______ and the _______. They were          6"
                both rough sports. Many knights died.               C                                      C
                                                            >" 8          $                                                        C
                Many horses bolted in panic. Some ran
                                                            8                                                           C
                into the audience and ____________
                _________. Yet still, the tournaments               My Code of Honour
                were a _________________ form of            ________________________________
                entertainment in the Middle Ages.           ________________________________
                                                            ________________________________
                      7      : The joust was a form of      ________________________________
                                                            ________________________________
                combat between ________________.
                                                            ________________________________
                A low wooden __________ separated           ________________________________
                the knights. The two competing knights      ________________________________
                started on ___________, holding long        ________________________________
                sharp ______. A lance was a _______         ________________________________
                ____ with a ____________. The two           ________________________________
                knights ______________________,             ________________________________
                with their lances up and ready, each on     ________________________________
                their own side of the fence. The goal was   ________________________________
                                                            ________________________________
                to ________ your ____________ his
                                                            ________________________________
                horse. This was pretty ___________.         ________________________________
                Saddles had a back piece that rose up       ________________________________
                about a foot. This was designed to help a   ________________________________
                knight keep his seat in battle, and it      ________________________________
                served the same purpose at the joust.       ________________________________
                                                            ________________________________
                          3    The melee was a ______
                                                            ________________________________
                sport. Each team of knights had
                                                            ________________________________
                _____________ on their ____. Each           ________________________________
                side tried to _______ their opponent’s      ________________________________
                                       ________ using _____ and blunt
                                       ________.                                    From what you have learned about the
                                       The _______ tried to ___ tournaments         Middle Ages so far, do you think that
                                                                                    your Code of Honor would allow you to
                                       because they were ___________. They
                                                                                    get along with people if you were
                                       ____________________. Interest in            magically transported back to that time?
                                       tournaments began to ______ with the         Explain your answer
                                       widespread introduction of ________.         ________________________________
                                                                                    ________________________________
                                            5       were _____________.             ________________________________
                                       They did ___ write ________ poems.           ________________________________
                                                                                    ________________________________
                                       They wrote _________ about ______
                                                                                    ________________________________
                                       and ___________.                             ________________________________
                                                                                    ________________________________
                                       These romances were told in the form of      ________________________________
                                       poems set to music. Their songs were         ________________________________
                                       __________ because they were about           ________________________________
                                       love and heroes and _____________.           ________________________________
                                                                                    ________________________________
                                       Troubadours probably helped to create        ________________________________
                                       chivalry. Their stories were so loved that   ________________________________
                                       the _________ seemed _____ to                ________________________________
                                       ____ ___ to the __________ they              ________________________________
                                       created.                                     ________________________________

The Black                              In the _____ century (the _____' a s),       P161/3 Doctors recommended burning
Death or                               horrible disease struck Asia, Africa, and    __________ and smelling _____ as
Bubonic                                Europe. The people called this illness the   ways of preventing the spread of the
Plague                                 ________________________.                    plague. __________ was helpful.
                                                                                    Thousands of villages became ________
                !                                                                   towns, not reappearing until centuries
                        (                                                     s.
                                       The disease started in Asia in the 1340'
                                                                                    later when their ________ were revealed
                                       It ___________________ to Africa,
    !                                                                               through _____________________ taken
                                       and throughout Europe.
                                                                                    during the _______________________.
                                   +   Infected people first broke out with ___     P161/4 The Black Death brought out the
.       !                   ! ((       _______________ with _________               _____ and the ______ in people. Many
            !
                        !              ______on their ____ and ____. They           priests, nuns and doctors _____ because
<= #                >                  would run __________. They became            they spent so much time _____________
                                       even more ill, and then they died.           _________ . At the other extreme, some
                                                                                    _______ abandoned their ___________,
                                       In just _________, _____________             and thieves ____________ or broke into
                                       people died of the plague.                   houses where _____________________.
                                                                                    Groups of religious fanatics called
                                                                                    “_____________” traveled from town to
                                       In _________, the plague had killed
                                                                                    town spreading the idea that the plague
                                       over ____ of Europe' population.
                                                          s                         was ____________________________.
                    People were sick everywhere. Whole         P166 3       ; “Persecution of the Jews”
                    families were wiped out. Whole villages    Jews lived all over Europe in the Middle
                    were wiped out.                            Ages. The most skilful and
        ! ?         At _____, people _______ their ____        knowledgeable ________ of the Middle
                    trying to protect themselves. They         Ages were _______, though usually they
                    carried ____________ to ward off the       were ____ allowed to treat __________.
                                                               Only a few occupations were open to
            (   +   smell of the dead and dying. The _____
                                                               Jews, so some concentrated on _______
!                   were filled with _________ as people       studies. Others flourished in
        + "         __________________ filled with the         _________, becoming prosperous
                    dead. __________ filled with the dead      ______________, money ___________,
(                   were ______________, to contain and        and merchants
        1           kill the disease. ________________.        Jews were not _____________ for their
                                                               successes, however. They were usually
    +               ___________ of the disease seemed to       forced to live in ___________ (a certain
                    come in __________. Just as people         section of town), had to wear identifying
                    thought it was ______, a new ______        __________ on their clothing, and did
                    of illness would hit the towns, and from   not have the ________ of other citizens.
                    the towns move to the villages.            Many Christians blamed Jews for the
                                                               __________ of Christ and accused them
                                                               of secret ___________ rituals. At times
                    People did not know that __________        of ________, Christians tended to _____
                    ________________. They thought it          Jews for their __________, making them
                    was a _____________from _____              ________. Many Jews were _________
                    for being _________. They believed if      during the Crusades and other times of
                    you were bad, you would get the plague     __________.
                    and die.                                   During a time of plague in the ________
                                                               city of Strasbourg, the townspeople
                    The _______ were hit the ________.         accused the Jews of starting the
                    There was ___________ in the towns.        epidemic by putting ______ in the city’s
                    People threw their garage out on the       ________. Despite the _____________
                    street. To a ____, coming off a ship       of the __________________. The mob
                    docked at port, the _________ must         dragged the _______ Jewish community
                                                               to the Jewish ___________ where they
                    have seemed like ______________.
                                                               _______ them to _______ in a _______.
                    They did have _________, and doctors       Now read the yellow box describing the
                    were highly respected, but medieval        burning. At the end, the author states the
                    ____________ of _________,                 only reason they were burned was
                                                               ________________________________
                    ________, and ________________             ____________________. Why did the
                    was ________________________.              village people benefit from killing them?
                                                               ________________________________
                    Commoners and nobles took                  ________________________________.
                    ________________. The ________             Why do you think that some of the
                    _______ and _______ in the ______          children were taken, baptised Christian
                    ________ for _____ and even                & kept alive? _____________________
                    ________ at a time without washing         ________________________________
                      themselves or their clothes. The ______              Effects of Black Death
                      were ________________________.                       P164/1 The Black Death not only killed
                                                                           so many people but also damaged the
                      _____ was made of _____, which was                   ______ system. The growth of _______
                      very ________ on the skin. There was                 and ________ had already weakened the
                      ______________ or ___________.                       system. After the Black Death, _______
                      People used _________________ on                     was in such short ________ that workers
                      their lips and teeth, but all that did was           could _____ from estate to estate and ask
                      briefly hide the smell of __________.                for __________. Because of this labour
                                                                           ________ this brought about and the
                      Peasants ________________ from                       _____ in _____, the Black Death caused
                                                                           many feudal estates to go ___________.
                      ______________ and the simplest of
                      diseases. ___________ in ________
                      from ignorance. People ___________
                      and then directly handled __________.
                                                                P164 Boccaccio’s Decameron (blue box
                      __________________________                with figure of death picture on side)
                      __________________________.               In a picky way, this story is considered a
                                                                secondary document because ________
                      The truth is, _____ the ___________ ______________ but most people think
                      ___________________________. it is a primary document because ______
                                                                _________________________________
                                                                _________________________________
                      But the strong had no defence against the
                                                                Read the yellow box. What would YOU
                      Black Death. __________________. do if you walked out of your house
                      And millions of people died.              tomorrow and saw that scene? ________
                                                                _________________________________
                      Outbreaks of the plague continued for     _________________________________
                      ________________. The cause of the _________________________________
                      plague was not discovered until the 20th _________________________________
                                     s.)
                      century (1900' Today, this disease is     _________________________________
                      called the ____________________. )                                    B > T EL 1 ; + !
                      We have a _______________ for the                                                  C,
                      plague should an outbreak ever happen
                      again.

                       Survey Says… it’s your turn to give me YOUR point of view
                         or the statements below you agree with!
                        If you saw 5 good priests, nuns and doctors pray work hard but still die from the Plague, would
                        you be more religious or less?    more    less same
If you saw your loved ones work hard their whole lives with very little pleasure or ‘free’ time only to die painfully would
you want to work as hard throughout your life?    work as hard      work less and have more fun
If you saw that medicine wasn’t helping during an outbreak of the Plague, would you be more or less interested in learning
new types of medicine, maybe from other areas that weren’t Christian? more info same info you’ve always had
If you saw children being abandoned on the street by their parents would your loyalty to your own parents and their
arranged marriages and rules be different? same relationship love & respect your parents more do more what you
want to do including who you will marry and what you’ll do as a job.
                                           !           <'     3
Using the information on pages 166-167 fill in the following chart

                                                                                                    3
       +         =>         Jacques Bonhomme was                           ______________ (a former soldier)
           '     3          the nickname for the                           ______________ (a stirring preacher)
                            peasants
                            When the French King was                       Black Death caused severe labour shortages
                            held in England for                            in the countryside. Food supplies when
                            random, the peasants of                        down and prices and wages both rose
                            Paris attacked his palace &                    dramatically. Lords passed a law returning
                            drove his son from the                         wages to the pre-plaque levels. Then to
                            capital                                        help finance the Hundred Years’ War
                                                                           Parliament approved a _______ which took
                                                                           a fixed amount ______________________
                                                                           __________________________________.
       - 4                  In the northern                                Peasant army was marching on London.
          9           3     countryside, the serfs ____                    When the army reached the city, ________
                            ______________________                         __________________________________
                            ______________________                         _______. Once inside, _______________
                            ______________________                         ___________________________________
                            ______________________                         ___________________________________
                            ______________________                         ___________________________________
                            ______________________                         ___________________________________
                            ______________________

       '                    ______________________                         Wat Tyler was _____ by the lord mayor of
                            ______________________                         London. John Ball was _______________
                            ______________________                         and later _________. The revolt _______,
                            ______________________                         and the serfs ____________ to their farms,
                                                                           where vengeful lords ________________

There is a popular phrase “nothing to lose”. How does that phrase apply to peasants in England and
France? ___________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________

                                                                      Current Events
               The Black Death and HIV/AIDS
               http://www.pearsoned.ca/school/secondary/soc_sci/bcsocsci/medialib/update_p161.pdf


   For western Europeans, the Black Death was one of the most devastating diseases in history. Today
the world faces what may be an even greater threat to the health of millions of people: the HIV/AIDS
pandemic (epidemics that occur over a wide geographic area).
   The virus that causes HIV/AIDS destroys the immune system, which protects the body from
disease. The virus passes from person to person primarily through sexual activity. It can also spread
through the sharing of hypodermic needles, and mothers who are infected can pass the disease on to
their children at birth. A cure for HIV/AIDS has not yet been discovered.
   The first case of HIV/AIDS was reported in Africa in the early 1980s. Since then, the disease has
spread to countries in Europe and North America, including Canada. By the beginning of the 21st
century, the disease had spread worldwide.
    A United Nations agency called UNAIDS believes that we are only at the beginning of the
HIV/AIDS pandemic. This agency researches the spread of HIV/AIDS and it believes that over the
next two decades, at least 68 million people will die of HIV/AIDS. The majority of these deaths will
occur in the poorest countries in the world. UNAIDS estimates there are 40 million people in the world
living with HIV/AIDS, including three million children. Africa is the continent hardest hit by
HIV/AIDS. The majority of infections and deaths are in central and southern Africa. In one African
country, Botswana, 39 per cent of adults are infected with the virus.
    While there is still no cure for HIV/AIDS, in some cases the disease can be controlled with
medication. A mixture of drugs, referred to as “drug cocktails,” can be effective in prolonging the life
of HIV/AIDS sufferers. The drugs are expensive, however, and many sufferers cannot afford to buy
them. There are approximately 730 000 HIV/AIDS sufferers receiving the drug cocktails, but only 30
000 of these are Africans. The president of South Africa, Thabo Mbeki, has warned that poverty is the
world’s biggest killer because people cannot afford to buy the drugs they need. If he is correct, the
UNAIDS estimates of numbers of people who could become infected in the future, may have to be
revised upward.



First, let’s figure out where Sub-Saharan Africa is. What does
sub mean (what does a sub do?) _______________________
What is the Sahara? _________________________________
So where is Sub-Saharan Africa? ______________________
_________________________________________________

Colour that in on the map (Figure 1) on the right




                                                    Figure 2 (left) How much of the world’s population
                                                    does Sub-Saharan Africa make up? ___-____%

                                                    Out of all the people in the world who have
                                                    HIV/AIDS, how many of them are living in Sub-
                                                    Saharan Africa? _____%

                                                    How many of all deaths from AIDS in 2007 came
                                                    from Sub-Saharan Africa? _____ %



According to the article above, what is the main killer of all these Africans? ____________________
Why? ____________________________________________________________________________.
Figure 3
What is this graph showing? ___________________
__________________________________________.

What is the percent of adults in Sub-Saharan African
living with HIV/ AIDS? ___ %
What area has the 2nd highest percentage of adults
living with HIV / AIDS? ___________ at _____%

Interestingly enough, what is the percent of Middle
East/ North Africa? ____ % What factors do you
think make up for such a big difference between two
areas so close geographically? __________________
___________________________________________

                                                       Figure 4. This chart is showing how many
                                                       people affected by HIV/ AIDS in an area are
                                                       women.

                                                       What percentage of people in Sub-Saharan
                                                       Africa with HIV/ AIDS are women? ____%

                                                       How many people infected with HIV/AIDS in
                                                       the world are women? ____%

                                                       Why do you think so many women get
                                                       HIV/AIDS in these areas (versus such a smaller
                                                       percentage in Europe and North America)?
                                                       ______________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________


; 0                     '       8   K         !         1 :N 8#                  /
                            1 :N 8#                       C B                4
                                  E
Churches and   In medieval times, religion _________   P158/1 Pilgrims would make a _______
Cathedrals     daily life.                             to a _____ place, especially a place
                                                       where a Christian _________ had been
               By _____ CE, there was __________ ______________ (killed for the sake of
                                                       religion). Many pilgrimages were ____,
               or _______ for every ___ people, with
                                                       ___________ journeys. The pilgrimage
               more churches being _____ all the time. was a way of making up for ______.

               All the _______________ of life took P158/2 Pilgrims usually tried to bring
               place in the medieval church - ______,
                                                    back ___________ of their journeys.
               ________________, _______, and Pilgrims brought back pieces of Christ’s
               ______________.                      ______, the nails used in the _________
                                                    and many other holy items. Or so they
                           3 Cathedrals were ______
                                                    thought. There were many __________
               churches.
                                                    who made themselves rich by selling
               It cost a ______ and _____________ ___________ (sacred object associated
               to build a cathedral.                with a saint).
               Cathedrals were splendid, with ______   P159/1 Churches in the Early Middle
               ____________________. They were         Ages were relatively ________.
               built to ___________________.           Engineers learned sometime in the 12th
                                                       century how to build much _________
               In France alone, between 1050 CE and
                                                       churches with _____ and how to replace
               1350 CE, over _______________ and wall space with huge ____________ of
               ________ parish churches were built.    brightly coloured __________________.
               Most cathedrals were built in the _____ To achieve greater heights, __________
                                                       ________ the ______ that supported the
               of a __________. They had high
                                                       cathedral roofs. By using massive
               arches and tall ceilings. Some ceilings
                                                       supports called ______________ to hold
               were ______________ high.               up the walls, they made cathedrals even
               __________________ the cathedral, ____ and allowed for the large _______.
               workers usually built a _______, which
                                                       P159/2 Thus began the age of the _____
               was a combination ______ area for the cathedral.
               town, and __________ for the clergy.    P159/3 Gothic cathedrals are among the
               Only the ______________ craftsmen most ____________________________.
               were allowed to work on a cathedral.
                                                        &       Q3 U            $
               Some spent their ________________
                                                            &      '        )
               building one church.
               Workers were paid with _______ and
               ___________. Some also received a
               ____________________ to spend at
               tradesmen shops in town.
               The _____________________ who
               worked on cathedrals lived a ________
              ______________ than did their fellow
              ________________ the ________. Considering the church services were
                                                                given in Latin and that most people
              Interior Decoration: Nearly all art in            could not read, what purpose did
              medieval times was created for ______             sculptures and stained glass windows
              ___________________________.                      serve? __________________________
                                                                ________________________________.
              Much of that art was showcased in the
              larger churches and cathedrals. But it
                                                                What frame of mind were the Gothic
              was ________________________.                     cathedrals supposed to achieve for
              It was ___________________. Even                  worshippers? _____________________
              when the candles were lit, it was hard to         ________________________________
              see the many beautiful statues and
              religious tapestries.
The           Around 1232 CE, the _______ started a inquisition-lesson
                                                        http://vodpod.com/watch/1597571-torture-for-kids-spanish-

Inquisition   __________. It was a _______              159/4 During the 14th C the Catholic
              system called The _______________. Church began to __________________.
                                                        In England, the teachings of an Oxford
                                                        ________ named John _______ became
              This court was staffed with _________
                                                        very popular with _________ and _____
              ____________ who were supposed to alike. Wycliffe believed that priests and
              ____________ and ________ people bishops, even the pope himself, had ___
              suspected of __________ the church.       ________________________________
                                                        160/1 He thought each person could only
              _______ is any act or action _______      gain salvation by following his or her
              the church or __________________. own ____________________________
                                                        P160/2 At the time, the Bible existed
              Once tracked down, if a heretic           only in its _______ version. Wycliffe
              ____________, they were _______. wanted to translate the Bible from people
                                                        into ______ so that the ________
                                                                                                            Latin

                                                        could _____it and decide for _________
              Punishment was quite ____________. what was _____ and _______. Church
                                                        leaders were ________ by his teachings.
              Punishment ranged from _______ of         He had __________ friends among the
              __________, to _______________, _________ however, so the Church was
              to _____. If a heretic did _________, ___________ to _____________ him.
              they were __________ until they ___
                                                        P160/3 One reason nobles liked John
              confess. There was ______________.
                                                        Wycliffe was that he _______________
                                                        __________________. The nobles and
              According to the Church, these
                                                        the common people were tired of paying
              punishments were _________ to ____ _____________ to the ____________ on
              the _________ of _____________.           top of what they had to pay to the king.

              It was an ___________. The court of               P160/4 Wycliffe’s teachings were
              Inquisition was open to ___________.              popular not just in England but also in
                                                                _______. There his disciple John _____
                 9           /      *! $                        had great success in converting people to
                                                                                    the new ideas. Hus, however, was
                                                                                    ______________ by the Church council
                    /
                                 B        E
                                                                                    and _________ at the _________. The
                             4                                           "          nobles ________ to protect him because
                                                                                    they were ____________ that his ideas
                                                                                    would lead to a ___________________.

    All of the changes of the Late Middle Ages will end Feudlaism forever.
                           Serfs cease to exist.
                    Church is divided & loses power.
         Wealth is not only for the noble but for trades people.
      Education & learning are revitalized due to the Crusades.

)        ;          3
                 4 3 3 6             33                                           %%                    -8,




                                                       Jousting & Medieval games
                                                    http://www.tudorbritain.org/joust/
                                        http://www.metmuseum.org/explore/knights/activities.html
                                        http://www.yourchildlearns.com/heraldrygame/index.html
                                     http://www.humanities-interactive.org/medieval/chivalry/game/
Causes             Causes               Cause
Crusades           Hundred Years’ War   Guilds and Trade
                                                            "




Effect on Europe   Effect on Europe     Effect on Europe
                                        when Trade Spread
Causes             Causes                            Cause
Magna Carta        Black Death                       Negative Power of the Church
                                                                                    "




Effect on Europe   Effect on Europe                        Effect on Europe
                   (social & economic & political)

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:14
posted:9/17/2011
language:English
pages:30