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					TALENTED AND GIFTED EDUCATION
See GIFTED AND TALENTED EDUCATION

TAMA
Indian settlement, see SAC AND FOX INDIAN SETTLEMENT

TAMPERING (JURY)
See JURIES AND JURORS

TAMPERING (WITNESS)
See WITNESSES

TANKS
Licensing, inspection, and regulation of weighing and measuring devices, see WEIGHT AND
        MEASUREMENT
Motor fuel storage, measuring, and dispensing tanks, pumps, and equipment
    See also subhead Petroleum Storage Tanks below
    Improvement of infrastructure, state financial incentives for, 15.104(8j), 15G.201–15G.205
Petroleum storage tanks
    See also subheads Motor Fuel Storage, Measuring, and Dispensing Tanks, Pumps, and
           Equipment above; Underground Storage Tanks below
    General provisions, ch 455G
    Comprehensive petroleum underground storage tank fund and board, see COMPREHENSIVE
           PETROLEUM UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANK FUND AND BOARD
    Diminution, environmental protection charge for, see PETROLEUM AND PETROLEUM
           PRODUCTS, subhead Diminution of Petroleum, Environmental Protection Charge
           for
    Insurance assistance programs, 507D.3(6)
    Motor vehicle fuel retail outlets, 101.12
    Public storage facilities, 101.5A
    Registration and regulation of aboveground tanks, 101.21–101.27
Septic tanks, see SEPTIC TANKS AND SEPTAGE
Underground storage tanks
    See also subhead Petroleum Storage Tanks above
    General provisions, 455B.471–455B.479
    Location information for excavators, see EXCAVATION WORK AND EQUIPMENT,
           subhead Planned Excavations, Notification to Operators of Underground Facilities in
           Area
    Property transfers, tank location disclosures in, 558.69
    Remedial action costs, property tax credit for small businesses, 427B.20–427B.22

TANK VEHICLES
See MOTOR VEHICLES

TANK WAGONS
Fuel transportation equipment, requirements for, 452A.12
Waste transportation equipment
  See also AGRICULTURE AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS, subhead Implements,
           Equipment, and Machinery
  General provisions, 321.1(80A)
  Product identification numbers, 321.1(54A), 321.463(4b), 714.8(11)
  Tracked implements, 321.1(83B)
  Weight restrictions for highway operation, 321.463(4b)

TANNING AND TANNING FACILITIES
General provisions, ch 136D
Taxation of sales price of services, 423.2(6)

TAPES (AUDIO AND VIDEO RECORDINGS)
See AUDIO COMMUNICATIONS AND EQUIPMENT, subhead Recordings of Audio and
       Audiovisual Works
See VIDEO COMMUNICATIONS AND EQUIPMENT, subhead Recordings of Video and
       Audiovisual Works

TARGETED SMALL BUSINESSES
See SMALL BUSINESS AND BUSINESSES

TARGET SHOOTING AND SHOOTING RANGES
Firearms discharge near buildings and feedlots, 481A.123
Nuisance actions against ranges, 657.9
Zoning authority approval requirement for ranges, 657.9

TASK FORCES
Meetings open to public, ch 21

TATTOOING AND TATTOOING ESTABLISHMENTS
Regulation, 135.37

TAVERNS
See ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES AND ALCOHOL

TAXATION
Subheads under this index heading include entries for taxes, entities imposing taxes, functions
       funded by taxes, and taxable items
Advice between taxpayers and tax practitioners, confidentiality of, 622.10A
Aging persons, see subhead Elderly Persons below
Agricultural assets transferred to beginning farmers, credits for, 2.48, 175.37, 422.11M,
       422.33(21)
Agricultural commodity checkoffs, see subhead under this index heading for specific
       agricultural commodity
Agricultural equipment, sales and use tax exemption for, 423.3(8)
Agricultural extension education, levies for, 176A.10
Agricultural institutions and societies, property tax exemptions for, 427.1(8, 14)
Agricultural land, see PROPERTY TAXES
Aircraft
    Fees in lieu of taxes, 328.25
    Fuel taxes, see subhead Fuels below
    Sales and use taxes on price of sales, rentals, and services, 328.26, 423.3(7, 73–77), 423.5(1),
            423.6(6, 12–15)
Alcoholic beverages
    Beer taxes, see subhead Beer Barrel Taxes below
    Wine taxes, see subhead Wine below
Alcoholic beverage warehouse project bonds, exemption for, 123.159
Annuities
    Income tax withholding, 422.16(1c)
    Inheritance taxes, value for, 450.51
    Nonresidents of state, income tax exemption for retirement-related income, 422.8(2)
Area hospitals, taxes for, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Hospitals
Area schools, taxes for, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Community College Taxes
Armed forces members, see subhead Military Service Members and Veterans below
Armories, exemption for, 29A.60
Art and facilities for art, exemptions for
    Inheritance taxes, 450.4(3)
    Property taxes, 427.1(2, 7)
    Sales and use taxes, 423.3(22)
Assessments and assessors, see ASSESSMENTS AND ASSESSORS (PROPERTY TAX)
Automobiles, see subhead Motor Vehicles below
Aviation, see subhead Aircraft above
Back-to-school purchases, sales and use tax exemption for, 423.3(68)
Banks
    See also subhead Financial Institutions below
    Capital stock loss, remission of taxes on, 445.62
    Income taxes, exemption from, 422.34(1)
    Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Financial Institutions
Barns, improvements for preservation, property tax exemption for, 427.1(31)
Bee colony and equipment disinfection or destruction costs, collection as taxes, 160.8,
        331.512(1d)
Beef cattle, see subhead Cattle below
Beer barrel taxes
    General provisions, 123.37, 123.136, 123.137, 123.143
    Use of revenues, 15E.117
Benevolent organizations, property tax exemption for, 427.1(8, 14)
Bingo games, see subhead Gambling Taxes below
Bison feed and feed supplements and additives, sales and use tax exemption for, 423.3(16)
Blind persons, income tax personal exemption credits for, 422.12
Blood testing facilities, sales to, sales and use tax exemptions, 423.3(26A)
Board of tax review, state
    General provisions, 421.1
   Financial disclosure, 68B.35, 68B.35A
   Hearings, contested case procedures, 421.17(19)
   Homestead credit claim disallowance appeals, 425.7(3)
   Military service tax exemption disallowance appeals, 426A.6
   Revenue department tax assessments, appeals to board, ch 429
Boats and vessels
   Fuel taxes, see subhead Fuels below
   Sales and use taxes
       General provisions, 462A.55
       Exemptions, 423.3(86), 423.6(11)
Bond payment, tax levies for, ch 76
Bovine animals, see subhead Cattle below
Boxing match receipts, 90A.9
Bridges charging tolls, 427.13
Brownfield sites, tax credits for redevelopment of, 2.48, 15.293A, 15.293B, 422.11V,
       422.33(26), 422.60(12), 432.12L, 533.329(2k)
Brucellosis eradication in animals, property tax levies for, 165.18
Buildings, see PROPERTY TAXES
Business corporations, see subhead Corporations below
Business investments, tax credits for, 2.48, 15E.41–15E.46, 15E.61–15E.70, 422.11F,
       422.33(12), 422.60(5), 432.12C, 432.12I, 533.329(2h–j)
Calves, see subhead Cattle below
Capital funds investments, tax credits for, 2.48, 15E.41–15E.46, 15E.61–15E.70, 422.11F,
       422.33(12), 422.60(5), 432.12C, 432.12I, 533.329(2h–j)
Cattle
   Brucellosis eradication, property tax levies for, 165.18
   Excise tax assessment on cattle
       General provisions, ch 181
       Exemption of refunds from legal process and transfer, 179.5A
   Facilities for cattle, special valuation of, 427B.7
   Tuberculosis eradication, property tax levies for, 165.18
Cemeteries and cemetery association property, taxation of
   Inheritance taxes, 450.10(3)
   Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
Charitable organizations and property used for charitable purposes
   Income taxes, exemption from, 422.34(2)
   Inheritance taxes, exemptions and rates, 450.4(2), 450.10(3)
   Property taxes, exemption from, 427.1(8, 14)
   Sales and use taxes, exemption from, 423.3(78)
Charitable trusts, ch 634
Checkoffs on agricultural commodities, see subhead under this index heading for specific
       agricultural commodity
Checkoffs on income taxes, 68A.601–68A.609, 173.22, 422.12D, 422.12E, 422.12H, 422.12J,
       422.12L, 456A.16
Chicken eggs, excise tax assessment on, ch 184
Churches, see subhead Religious Organizations and Property used for Religious Purposes below
Cigarettes
    General provisions, ch 453A
    Appeal of assessments of taxes, 421.10
Cigars, see subhead Tobacco Products below
City taxes
    General provisions, Const Iowa III §38A; 364.3(4)
    Garbage can taxes, assessment against property in special charter cities, 420.190
    Hotel and motel taxes, see subhead Hotel and Motel Room Rentals below
    Local option taxes, see LOCAL OPTION TAXES
    Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
    Revitalization area tax exemptions, see URBAN REVITALIZATION
    Sales and services taxes, see SALES, SERVICES, AND USE TAXES, subhead Local Option
            Taxes
    Special assessments, see SPECIAL ASSESSMENTS
    Waterfront improvement taxes in special charter cities, 384.12(16), 420.155, 420.157
Clothing purchases for back-to-school, sales and use tax exemption for, 423.3(68)
Combined recreational facility and water quality districts, property tax levies for, 357E.8,
        357E.10
Community action agencies, sales, rentals, and services to, sales and use tax exemption for,
        423.3(79)
Community clusters, tax sharing in, 28E.38, 28E.39
Community colleges, taxes for, see PROPERTY TAXES
Computers and computer software and services
    Information technology facilities in Iowa, sales and use tax refunds for, 423.4(8)
    Maintenance and support service contracts for software, sales and use taxes on sales price of,
            423.2(1a)
    Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
    Regents institutions, sales by, 262.54
    Sales and use taxes, exemptions from, 423.3(47, 65)
Condemned property
    Gains from involuntary conversions, income taxes on, 422.7(49), 422.35(22)
    Property tax exemption, 427.2
Condominiums, 427A.1(1), 499B.11
Construction services and equipment
    General provisions, ch 423D
    Sales and use taxes
        Exemptions, 423.3(37, 80, 85)
        Refunds, 423.4, 423B.8
Controlled substances, see subhead Drugs below
Conveyances of real estate, taxation of, see REAL ESTATE, subhead Transfer Taxes
Corn, excise tax assessment on
    General provisions, ch 185C
    Exemption of refunds from legal process and transfer, 179.5A
Corporations
    Income taxes, 422.32–422.41
    Liability of officers for taxes due, 421.26
   Nonprofit corporations, see subhead Nonprofit Corporations below
   Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
County mutual insurance associations, 518.18
County road improvement special assessments, ch 311, 331.362(3)
County taxes
   General provisions, Const Iowa III §39A; 331.301(7)
   Emergency medical services, taxes to support, ch 422D
   Hotel and motel taxes, see subhead Hotel and Motel Room Rentals below
   Local option taxes, see LOCAL OPTION TAXES
   Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
   Revitalization area tax exemptions, see URBAN REVITALIZATION
   Sales and services taxes, see SALES, SERVICES, AND USE TAXES, subhead Local Option
            Taxes
   Special assessments, see SPECIAL ASSESSMENTS
Credit unions
   See also subhead Financial Institutions below
   Income taxes, exemption from, 422.34(1)
   Moneys and credits taxes, see MONEYS AND CREDITS TAXES
   Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
Crops
   Corn excise taxes, see subhead Corn, Excise Tax Assessment on, above
   Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
   Soybeans, see subhead Soybeans, Excise Taxes on, below
Cultural districts, tax credits for rehabilitation projects in, 2.48, ch 404A, 422.11D, 422.33(10),
        422.60(4), 432.12A
Dams, property tax exemption for, 427.1(20)
Data centers, exemptions and refunds for, 423.3(95), 423.4(8), 427.1(37)
Death taxes, see subhead Estates below
Decedents, estates of, see subhead Estates below
Deed taxes, see REAL ESTATE, subhead Transfer Taxes
Disabilities, persons with
   Assistive devices, income tax credits for, 2.48, 15.119, 422.33(9)
   Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
Disaster damage to property, property tax exemptions for revitalization of, ch 404B
Distress warrants for collection by revenue department, 626.29–626.31
Drainage districts
   Taxes for drainage districts, see PROPERTY TAXES
   Tax exemption for drainage districts, 427.1(2)
Drugs
   Dealers in controlled substances, excise taxes on
        General provisions, ch 453B
        Criminal offenses, offenders, and penalties
            Driver's license suspension and revocation for offenders, 232.52(2a), 321.212–
                     321.213A, 901.5(10)
            Surcharge penalty, see LAW ENFORCEMENT INITIATIVE SURCHARGE
            Venue of criminal actions, 803.3(7c)
   Sales and use taxes, exemption from, 423.3(60)
Economic development incentives, use of public funds, ch 15A
Educational activities and property used for educational purposes
   Inheritance taxes, exemptions and rates, 450.4(2), 450.10(3)
   Sales and use taxes, exemption from, 423.3(78)
Eggs, excise tax assessment on, ch 184
Elderly persons
   Income taxes
        Exemption, 422.5(3B)
        Personal exemption credits, 422.12
   Property taxes, credits and reimbursements of, see PROPERTY TAXES
Elections for taxes, see ELECTIONS
Electricity and electricity providers, cooperatives, transmission facilities, and utilities
   See also subhead Utilities below
   Electric power agencies
        Electricity replacement taxes, see Replacement Taxes under this subhead below
        Property taxes, 427.1(2)
   Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
   Replacement taxes
        General provisions, ch 437A
        Appeals of assessments, 421.10
        Litigation expenses payment, 441.73
        School finance law, treatment under, 257.3
        Utility rates, effect of taxes on, 476.6(19)
   Sales and use taxes
        Agricultural production, electricity used in, sales tax exemption certificates for, 423.45(5)
        City services and utilities, sales to public, sales taxation of, 423.2(2)
        Exemptions, 423.3(36, 69, 84)
        Local option sales and services tax exemption, 423B.5
        Water companies, sales of electricity to, sales tax exemption for, 423.3(53)
   Solar energy systems, see subhead Solar Energy Facilities and Systems below
   Wind energy systems, see subhead Wind Energy Production and Conversion Systems below
Emergency management commissions and agencies, levies for, 331.424(1a), 384.12(22)
Emergency medical services, taxes to support, ch 357F, ch 357G, 357J.18, 384.12(19), ch 422D
Eminent domain, property acquired under, see subhead Condemned Property above
Endow Iowa tax credits, 2.48, 15E.305, 422.11H, 422.33(14), 422.60(6), 432.12D, 533.329(2j)
Energy
   Electricity, see subhead Electricity and Electricity Providers, Cooperatives, Transmission
            Facilities, and Utilities above
   Fuels, see subhead Fuels below
   Natural gas, see subhead Natural Gas and Natural Gas Providers, Pipelines, and Utilities
            below
   Solar energy, see subhead Solar Energy Facilities and Systems below
Enterprise zones, tax credits for businesses, 422.11F, 422.33(12), 422.60(5), 432.12C
Entertainment districts, tax credits for rehabilitation projects in, 2.48, ch 404A, 422.11D,
        422.33(10), 422.60(4), 432.12A
Equipment
    Agricultural equipment, sales and use tax exemption for, 423.3(8)
    Construction equipment, see subhead Construction Services and Equipment above
    Industrial and manufacturing equipment, see subhead Industrial and Manufacturing
            Equipment and Machinery below
Erosion control, levies for, 161E.9
Estates
    See also PROBATE CODE, subhead Taxes
    Generation skipping transfer taxes, see GENERATION SKIPPING TRANSFER TAXES
    Income taxes, 422.6
    Inheritance taxes, see INHERITANCE TAXES
    Iowa estate taxes, see ESTATE TAXES (IOWA)
    Principal and income adjustments relating to taxes, 637.506
Ethanol, see subhead Fuels below
Excise taxes, see EXCISE TAXES
Excursion boat gambling, see subhead Gambling Taxes below
Export taxes and duties, prohibition, Const US I §9
Fair society bond payments, standby taxes for, 174.17
Farm deer feed and feed supplements and additives, sales and use tax exemption for, 423.3(16)
Farms, see PROPERTY TAXES
Federal lands, exemption for, 1.4, 1.8
Federal taxes
    For provisions of the United States Constitution relating to federal taxes, see
            CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES, subhead Taxes
    Estate taxes, see subhead Estates above
    Gasoline taxes, refunds of, joint action agreements, 452A.81
    Income taxes, see INCOME TAXES
    Liens, recording of, 331.609
Fences, damages and fees collected as taxes, 359A.6
Ferry franchises, 427.13
Fiduciaries, income taxes on
    General provisions, 422.3(6), 422.4
    Payment, 422.27
    Return made, 422.6, 422.14, 422.15
Film production projects in Iowa, incentives for, 2.48, 15.119, 15.391–15.393, 422.7(52),
        422.11T, 422.11U, 422.33(23, 24), 422.35(23), 422.60(10, 11), 432.12J, 432.12K,
        533.329(2f), 533.329(2g)
Financial institutions
    See also subheads Banks; Credit Unions above; Production Credit Associations; Savings
            and Loan Associations; Trust Companies below
    Computers, sales and use tax exemptions for, 423.3(47)
    Franchise taxes, see FRANCHISE TAXES
    Income taxes, exemption from, 422.34(1)
    Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
    Service charges, sales taxation of, 423.2(6), 423.3(83)
Fire protection services, levies by fire districts for, 357B.3, 357B.8
Flood prevention and control
    Property tax levies for flood control, 161E.9
    Soil and water conservation district subdistrict taxation for flood prevention, 161A.20,
            161A.23–161A.41
Footwear purchases for back-to-school, sales and use tax exemption for, 423.3(68)
Forest reservations, property tax exemption for, ch 427C, 441.22
Franchise taxes on financial institutions, see FRANCHISE TAXES
Fraternal beneficiary associations, tax exemptions for, 422.34(1), 432.1, 432.6
Fruit-tree reservations, property tax exemption for, ch 427C, 441.22
Fuels
    Hydrogen fuel production, tax credits for, 2.48, 15.335, 422.11J, 422.33(16), 422.60(8),
            423.4(4), 432.12E, 437A.17B, ch 476C
    Local sales and services taxes, exemption from, 423B.5
    Manufacturers, fuel used by, sales and use tax exemption, 423.3(47)
    Renewable fuel promotion income tax credits, 2.48, 422.11N–422.11P, 422.33(11A–11C)
    Residential energy fuels, sales and use tax exemptions for, 423.3(84)
    Sales and use taxes
        Collection, 423.14(1c)
        Exemption, 423.3(56)
        Exemption certificates, 423.45(5)
    State fuel taxes
        General provisions, ch 452A
        Aircraft fuel tax moneys, deposits and transfers, 422.112
        Appeals of assessments, 421.10
        Collection, distress warrants for, 626.29–626.31
        Liability for payment, 421.26, 421.28
        Refunds, taking as income tax credits, 2.48, 422.110–422.112
        Revenue and proceeds disposition, see ROAD USE TAX FUND
        Urban transit companies and systems, exemption for, 321.19(2)
        Use of moneys, Const Iowa VII §8
Fund of funds, tax credits for investments in, 2.48, 422.11Q, 422.33(20), 422.60(9), 432.12I,
        533.329(2i)
Gambling taxes
    Bingo, see Games of Skill and Games of Chance, Prizes and Receipts from, under this
            subhead below
    Excursion boat gambling, receipts and winnings from
        Taxation of receipts, 99F.11
        Taxation of winnings, 99F.18, 422.16(1d)
    Games of skill and games of chance, prizes and receipts from
        Taxation of prizes, 99B.21, 422.16(1d)
        Taxation of receipts, 423.3(78)
    Houses used for gambling, mulct taxes on nuisances, 99.27–99.31, 331.512(1c)
    Income withholding taxes on prizes and winnings, 422.16(1d)
    Lottery tickets, shares, and winnings (state lottery)
        Income taxes on winnings, 422.16(1)
        Sales, services, and use taxes, exemptions from, 99G.4(2), 423.3(81), 423B.5
    Pari-mutuel wagering, wagered sums and winnings from
        Taxation of wagered sums, 99D.15
        Taxation of winnings, 99D.16, 422.16(1d)
    Racetracks, gambling games at, 99F.4A
    Raffles, prizes and receipts from
        Taxation of prizes, 99B.21, 422.16(1d)
        Taxation of receipts, 423.3(78)
    Sales taxes on receipts, 423.2(4), 423.3(78)
    Slot machine winnings, 99F.18, 422.16(1d)
Games of skill and games of chance, see subhead Gambling Taxes above
Garbage can taxes in special charter cities, 420.190
Gas and gas providers, pipelines, and utilities, see subhead Natural Gas and Natural Gas
        Providers, Pipelines, and Utilities below
Gasoline, see subhead Fuels above
General fund of state, levy for, 444.21–444.23
Generation skipping transfer taxes, see GENERATION SKIPPING TRANSFER TAXES
Gifts to municipalities, taxes to maintain, 565.15
Grain handling taxes, 428.35
Grayfield sites, tax credits for redevelopment of, 2.48, 15.293A, 15.293B, 422.11V, 422.33(26),
        422.60(12), 432.12L, 533.329(2k)
Hazardous waste, surcharge imposed on, 455B.455
Health insurance and insurance companies, see subhead Insurance and Insurance Companies
        below
Health maintenance organizations, 514B.31
Health service corporations, 432.2, 514.15
Healthy and well kids in Iowa program participating insurers, insurance company tax exemption
        for, 432.13
Higher education loan authority obligations, exemption for, 261A.27
High quality jobs program, tax credits under, 2.48, 15.119, 422.11F, 422.33(12, 19), 422.60(5,
        8), 432.12C, 432.12H, 533.329(2d), 533.329(2e)
Highways
    Taxes for highways
        Account of county treasurer, 331.555
        Local or special laws, prohibition, Const Iowa III §30
        Road use tax fund, see ROAD USE TAX FUND
    Tax exemption for highways, 427.2
Historic property rehabilitation, tax credits and exemptions for, 2.48, ch 404A, 422.11D,
        422.33(10), 422.60(4), 427.16, 432.12A
Hogs, excise tax assessment on, see subhead Porcine Animals, Excise Tax Assessment on, below
Homesteads, see PROPERTY TAXES
Horizontal property, 499B.11
Hospice programs, sales and use tax exemption for, 423.3(28)
Hospitals
    Taxes for hospitals, see PROPERTY TAXES
    Tax exemptions for hospitals, 347.32, 427.1(14), 450.4(3)
Hotel and motel room rentals
    Local option hotel and motel taxes
        General provisions, ch 423A
        Imposition by counties, 331.402(2f)
        Liability for payment, 421.26, 421.28
        Tax return information for administration purposes, exchange with state and
                 confidentiality of, 422.72(6)
    Local option sales and services taxes, exemption from, 423B.5
Housing
    Disaster areas, construction and rehabilitation of housing in, tax credits, 2.48, 16.211, 16.212,
            422.11X, 422.33(27)
    Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
Hydrogen fuel production, tax credits for, 2.48, 15.335, 422.11J, 422.33(16), 422.60(8),
        423.4(4), 432.12E, 437A.17B, ch 476C
Income taxes, see INCOME TAXES
Indian country, tax collection and distribution or refund by state in, agreements with Indian
        tribes, 421.47
Indian housing authority property, property tax exemption for, 427.1(14, 33)
Individual development accounts
    Closed accounts, 541A.2(7)
    Income taxes, deduction from net income, 422.7(28)
    Inheritance taxes, exemption from, 450.4(6)
Individual retirement accounts and payments from accounts, see subhead Retirement Payments
        below
Industrial and manufacturing equipment and machinery
    Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
    Sales and use taxes, exemption from, 423.3(47)
Industrial loan companies, see subhead Financial Institutions above
Industrial property, construction and improvement, exemptions for, 427B.1–427B.7
Information technology facilities in Iowa, sales and use tax refunds for, 423.4(8)
Inheritance taxes, see INHERITANCE TAXES
Insurance and insurance companies
    General provisions, ch 432
    Casualty insurance companies, computation of taxes, 515.24
    Computers, sales and use tax exemption for, 423.3(47)
    County mutual insurance associations, 518.18
    Credits, 2.48, 15.293A, 15.331C, 15.333A, 15.393, 15E.43, 15E.66, 15E.193B(6),
            15E.196(6), 15E.232, 15E.305, ch 404A, ch 476B, ch 476C
    Fire insurance companies, computation of taxes, 515.24
    Health maintenance organizations, 514B.31
    Health service corporations, 432.2, 514.15
    Income taxes, exemption from, 422.34(1)
    Interinsurance contracts, payment of taxes, 520.19
    Life insurance companies, payment of taxes, 511.14
    Marine insurance taxes, ch 432A
    Organized delivery systems for health care, payment of taxes, 135.120
    Property taxes, 432.6, 432.7
    Reciprocal contracts, payments of taxes, 520.19
    State mutual insurance associations, 518A.35
    Trade practices regulation, ch 507B, 508F.7
    Unauthorized insurer premiums, taxation of, 507A.9
    Workers' compensation insurance self-insurance associations, exemption for, 87.4
Internal Revenue Code, 422.3(5)
Internet access and services, see subhead Computers and Computer Software and Services above
Inventories, valuation for property taxation, 441.21(2)
Job training programs of community colleges, tax increment financing for, 260E.4, 403.21
Judgments against municipal corporation, taxes to pay, 626.24
Lake districts, property tax levies for, 357E.8, 357E.10
Land-leased communities, homes located in, 335.30A, 414.28A
Land recycling program response actions, tax increment financing for, 455H.309
Land use districts, property tax levies for, 303.66
Law enforcement districts, levies for, see PROPERTY TAXES
Laws of state, distinct statement of taxes required, Const Iowa VII §7
Leasehold interests, 427.15
Leases and leased property
    Motor vehicles leased, see subhead Motor Vehicles below
    Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
    Real estate transfer taxes, exemption from, 428A.2(5)
    Sale-leaseback (safe harbor) agreements, income taxation, 422.7(11), 422.35(8)
Levee districts
    Taxes for drainage districts, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Drainage and Levee Districts
    Tax exemption for drainage districts, 427.1(2)
Libraries
    Taxation of libraries
        Inheritance taxes, exemption from, 450.4(3)
        Property taxes, exemption from, 427.1(2, 7)
        Sales and use taxes, exemption from, 423.3(17)
    Taxes for libraries, 256.69, 384.12(21)
Liens, see LIENS, subhead Tax Liens
Life estates
    Homestead tax credit, eligibility of property owners for, 425.11(3)
    Inheritance taxes, 450.3, 450.27, 450.44–450.46, 450.51
    Real property donated to governmental entity, property taxes and special assessments on,
            427.2A
Life insurance and insurance companies, see subhead Insurance and Insurance Companies
        above
Limited liability companies and members of limited liability companies
    Income taxes paid by companies, 422.32–422.41
    Income taxes paid by members, franchise tax credit for, 422.11
    Liability of members for taxes due, 421.26
Liquor
    Beer taxes, see subhead Beer Barrel Taxes above
    Wine taxes, see subhead Wine below
Literary institutions and societies, property tax exemptions for, 427.1(8, 14)
Livestock, see subheads Cattle above; Porcine Animals, Excise Tax Assessment on; Sheep,
        Excise Tax Assessment on; Turkeys, Excise Tax Assessment on, below
Local option taxes, see LOCAL OPTION TAXES
Lottery tickets, shares, and winnings (state lottery), see subhead Gambling Taxes above
Low-income persons
    Manufactured home and mobile home taxes, reduction of
        Computation and claims for tax credit, 435.22
        Renters of spaces qualifying for reduced taxes, protections for, 435.33
    Property taxes, credits, reimbursements, and reductions, see PROPERTY TAXES
Machinery
    Agricultural machinery, sales and use tax exemption for, 423.3(8)
    Industrial and manufacturing machinery, see subhead Industrial and Manufacturing
            Equipment and Machinery above
Manufactured and mobile homes
    General provisions, 331.559(1), 331.653(17), 427A.1(1c), ch 435, ch 445
    Homestead credit eligibility, 425.17(4)
    Land-leased communities, homes located in, 335.30A, 414.28A
    Lodging facilities, see subhead Hotel and Motel Room Rentals above
    Military tax exemption, 426A.11(5)
    Records, destruction by county treasurers, 331.552(36)
    Travel trailers in storage, exemption from taxes, 321.123(2b)
    Use taxes
        General provisions, 423.6(9, 10), 423.26A, 423.43(2)
        Collection, 331.557(3)
Manufactured home community storm shelters, property tax exemption for, 427.1(30)
Manufacturing equipment and machinery, see subhead Industrial and Manufacturing Equipment
        and Machinery above
Marijuana dealers, excise taxes on, see subhead Drugs above
Marine insurance taxes, ch 432A
Martial arts match receipts, 90A.9
Medical assistance home and community-based service providers, sales and services to, sales and
        use tax exemption for, 423.3(18)
Memorial buildings of cities, levies for, 37.3, 37.8, 384.12(2)
Merchant marine service compensation bonus, exemption for, 35A.8
Merged area hospitals, taxes for, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Hospitals
Merged area schools, taxes for, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Community College Taxes
Military property, property tax exemption for, 29A.60, 427.1(2)
Military service members and veterans
    Advice for deploying members, 35A.5(16)
    Income taxes
        Exemptions, 422.7(20, 24, 25, 38, 40, 42)
        Filing time for returns, 422.21
        Forgiveness, 422.5(9)
    Property taxes, credits for and exemptions from, see PROPERTY TAXES
Milk, excise tax assessment on, ch 179
Mineral rights, 427A.1(1), 458A.18–458A.20
Mobile home park storm shelters, property tax exemption for, 427.1(30)
Mobile homes, see subhead Manufactured and Mobile Homes above
Modular homes
   General provisions, 427A.1(1c), 435.2(3)
   Sales and use taxes, exemption from, 423.3(64)
Moneys and credits taxes, see MONEYS AND CREDITS TAXES
Monuments of cities, levies for, 37.3, 37.8, 384.12(2)
Motel room rentals, see subhead Hotel and Motel Room Rentals above
Motor fuel, see subhead Fuels above
Motor vehicles
   Fuel taxes, see subhead Fuels above
   Local vehicle taxes
       General provisions, 321.130, 423B.1–423B.4
       Failure to pay, refusal of vehicle registration, 321.40(5)
       Liability for payment, 421.26, 421.28
   Rental vehicles, excise taxes on, ch 423C
   Revenues and proceeds, see ROAD USE TAX FUND
   Sales taxes
       Exemptions, 423.3(73)
       Reports and returns by dealers, deduction of vehicle sales receipts from, 423.28
   Use taxes
       General provisions, 423.14(2a), 423.16(1), 423.26, 423.43(2)
       Collection, 331.557(3)
Mulct taxes on gambling and prostitution houses, 99.27–99.31, 331.512(1c)
National guard
   Members, see subhead Military Service Members and Veterans above
   Property taxes, exemption from, 29A.60, 427.1(2)
Natural gas and natural gas providers, pipelines, and utilities
   See also subhead Utilities below
   Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Utilities
   Replacement taxes
       General provisions, ch 437A
       Appeal of assessments, 421.10
       Litigation expenses payment, 441.73
       School finance law, treatment under, 257.3
       Utility rates, effect of taxes on, 476.6(19)
   Sales and use taxes
       Agricultural production, electricity used in, sales tax exemption certificates for, 423.45(5)
       City services and utilities, sales to public, taxation of sales price, 423.2(2)
       Exemptions, 423.3(36, 69, 84)
       Local option sales and services tax exemption, 423B.5
Nonprofit corporations
   Federal tax liability, ch 504B
   Income taxes, exemption from, 422.34(2)
   Inheritance taxes, exemption from, 450.4
Nonresidents
    Corporations, income taxation of, 422.32–422.41
    Estate taxes, see subhead Estates above
    Individuals, income taxation of, 422.4(10), 422.5, 422.8, 422.13
Nuisances, mulct taxes on gambling and prostitution houses, 99.27–99.31, 331.512(1c)
Oil rights, 427A.1(1), 458A.18–458A.20
Older persons, see subhead Elderly Persons above
Organized delivery systems for health care, 135.120
Ovine animals, excise tax assessment on, see subhead Sheep, Excise Tax Assessment on, below
Pari-mutuel wagering, see subhead Gambling Taxes above
Partnerships
    Income tax returns, 422.15(2)
    Liability of partner for taxes due, 421.26
    Property listing, 428.1
Pensions, see subhead Retirement Payments below
Personal property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
Petroleum diminution environmental protection charge, see PETROLEUM AND PETROLEUM
        PRODUCTS, subhead Diminution of Petroleum, Environmental Protection Charge for
Pigs, excise tax assessment on, see subhead Porcine Animals, Excise Tax Assessment on, below
Pipelines and pipeline companies
    Natural gas replacement taxes, see subhead Natural Gas and Natural Gas Providers,
            Pipelines, and Utilities above
    Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
Platting of land by county auditors, costs assessed to parcels, 354.17
Pollution control equipment and facilities
    Property taxes, exemption from, 427.1(19)
    Sales and use taxes, exemption from, 423.3(47)
Poor persons, see subhead Low-Income Persons above
Porcine animals, excise tax assessment on
    General provisions, ch 183A
    Exemption of refunds from legal process and transfer, 179.5A
Poultry
    Eggs, excise tax assessment on, ch 184
    Turkeys, see subhead Turkeys, Excise Tax Assessment on, below
Practitioners in taxes, confidentiality of tax advice given by, 622.10A
Premium taxes, see subhead Insurance and Insurance Companies above
Private foundations, ch 504B, ch 634
Procedures and practices, 421.60
Production credit associations
    See also subhead Financial Institutions above
    Income taxes, exemption from, 422.34(1)
    Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Financial Institutions
Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
Prostitution, houses used for, mulct taxes on nuisances, 99.27–99.31, 331.512(1c)
Public property acquisitions, 427.2
Public utilities, see subhead Utilities below
Qualified use inheritance taxes, ch 450B
Racetracks, gambling game receipts from, 99F.4A
Raffles, see subhead Gambling Taxes above
Railroads
   Drainage improvements, benefits assessment, 468.42
   Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
   Special assessments, see SPECIAL ASSESSMENTS
   Telegraph lines owned and operated by railroads, 433.13, 434.2(6)
Real estate
   Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
   Transfers of real estate, see REAL ESTATE, subhead Transfer Taxes
Real estate improvement districts, taxes for
   General provisions, 358C.14
   Special assessments, see SPECIAL ASSESSMENTS
Real property
   Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
   Transfers of real estate, see REAL ESTATE, subhead Transfer Taxes
Rebates, see subhead Refunds and Rebates below
Recreational lake districts, property tax levies for, 357E.8, 357E.10
Recycling processes, property used in
   Property taxes, exemption from, 427.1(19)
   Sales and use taxes, exemption from, 423.3(47)
Refunds and rebates
   Debtors' interest in refunds, exemption from execution, 627.6(10)
   Fuel taxes, 2.48, 422.110–422.112
   Income taxes, see INCOME TAXES
   Inheritance taxes, 450.94–450.96
   Property taxes, 445.60
   Revenue department procedures and practices, 421.60
   Sales and use taxes, 15.331A, 15A.9(6), 422.73, 422.74
   Tobacco taxes, 453A.47
Regional transit districts, levies for, 28M.5, 384.12(10)
Religious organizations and property used for religious purposes
   Income taxes, exemption from, 422.34(2)
   Inheritance taxes, exemptions and rates, 450.4(2), 450.10(3)
   Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
   Sales taxes, exemptions from, 423.3(78)
   Taxes for maintaining buildings and ministers, prohibition, Const Iowa I §3
Replacement taxes on utilities
   Electricity providers, see subhead Electricity and Electricity Providers, Cooperatives,
            Transmission Facilities, and Utilities above
   Natural gas providers, see subhead Natural Gas and Natural Gas Providers, Pipelines, and
            Utilities above
Retirement payments
   Income taxes, withheld from periodic payments of income, 422.16(1)
   Inheritance taxes, exemption from, 450.4(5)
    Nonresidents of state, income tax exemption for retirement-related income, 422.8(2)
Returns
    Copying of records, 422.68(4)
    Destruction of useless records, 422.68(3)
    Income taxes, see INCOME TAXES
    Information, exchange with cities and counties and confidentiality of, 422.72(6)
    Inheritance taxes, 450.53, 450.94
    Preparers, information disclosure restrictions on, ch 421A
    Revenue department procedures and practices, 421.60
Revenue department in state government, see REVENUE DEPARTMENT
Review board, state, see subhead Board of Tax Review, State, above
Revitalization area tax exemptions, see URBAN REVITALIZATION
Risk retention groups, insurance company taxes on, 432.5
Roads, see subhead Highways above
Rural improvement zones, taxes for, 357H.8, 357H.9
Sales taxes, see SALES, SERVICES, AND USE TAXES
Sanitary districts, taxes for, 331.512(1i), 358.18
Savings and loan associations
    See also subhead Financial Institutions above
    Income taxes, exemption from, 422.34(1)
Scavenger sales, see TAX SALES
School corporations, taxes for
    Income tax surtaxes
        General provisions, 298.14
        Educational improvement programs, 257.29
        Instructional support programs, 257.18–257.27
        Physical plant and equipment levy, 298.2
    Infrastructure, construction and repair of, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS,
            subhead Infrastructure and Moneys for Infrastructure
    Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
Schoolhouses, one-room, improvements for preservation, property tax exemption for, 427.1(32)
School tuition, income tax credits related to, 2.48, 422.11S, 422.12(2), 422.33(28)
Scientific institutions and societies
    Income taxes, exemption from, 422.34(2)
    Property taxes, exemptions from, 427.1(8, 14)
Secondary road funds anticipatory certificates, tax exemption for, 309.51
Secondary road improvements, special assessments for, ch 311, 331.362(3)
Secondary road services districts, levies for, 357I.8, 357I.10, 357I.11
Semitrailers, see subhead Motor Vehicles above
Services taxes, see SALES, SERVICES, AND USE TAXES
Sheep, excise tax assessment on
    General provisions, ch 182
    Exemption of refunds from legal process and transfer, 179.5A
Shoe purchases for back-to-school, sales and use tax exemption for, 423.3(68)
Slot machines, winnings from, 99F.18, 422.16(1d)
Soil and water conservation district subdistrict improvements, taxes for construction and repair
        of, 161A.20, 161A.23–161A.41
Solar energy facilities and systems
    Renewable energy tax credits, 2.48, 15.335, 422.11J, 422.33(16), 422.60(7), 423.4(4),
            432.12E, 437A.17B, ch 476C
    Sales and use taxes, exemption for solar energy equipment, 423.3(90)
    Valuation of buildings with solar energy systems, 441.21(8)
Soybeans, excise taxes on
    General provisions, ch 185
    Exemption of refunds from legal process and transfer, 179.5A
Special assessments, see SPECIAL ASSESSMENTS
Special charter cities, see subhead City Taxes above
Special fuels, see subhead Fuels above
State employee benefit premiums, insurance company tax exemption for, 432.13
State mutual insurance associations, 518A.35
State taxes
    For provisions relating to specific state taxes, see subhead for taxable item under this index
            heading
    Administration agency, see REVENUE DEPARTMENT
Storm shelters in manufactured home communities and mobile home parks, property tax
         exemption for, 427.1(30)
Street lighting districts, property tax levies for, 357C.7, 357C.9
Subdivisions
    Assessment of platted lots, 441.72
    Housing development lots, taxation of, 405.1
Surtaxes, see INCOME TAXES
Swine, excise tax assessment on, see subhead Porcine Animals, Excise Tax Assessment on,
         above
Tax deeds, see CONVEYANCES (REAL ESTATE)
Tax increment financing, see TAX INCREMENT FINANCING
Tax liens, see LIENS, subhead Tax Liens
Tax review board, state, see subhead Board of Tax Review, State, above
Tax sales, see TAX SALES
Teachers' pension and annuity retirement systems, termination of, tax levies for payments,
         294.14
Telecommunications services and equipment
    Sales and use tax exemption for equipment, 423.3(47A)
    Sales price of services, taxation of, 423.2(1, 2, 9), 423.3(36)
Telegraph companies and telegraph lines, see PROPERTY TAXES
Telephone companies and telephone lines, see PROPERTY TAXES
Television production projects in Iowa, incentives for, 2.48, 15.119, 15.391–15.393, 422.7(52),
         422.11T, 422.11U, 422.33(23, 24), 422.35(23), 422.60(10, 11), 432.12J, 432.12K,
         533.329(2f), 533.329(2g)
Television services and stations
    Property tax exemption for public television stations, 427.1(26)
    Sales of services, 423.2(2, 6)
Tobacco products
    General provisions, ch 453A
    Appeal of assessments of taxes, 421.10
Toll bridges, 427.13
Township taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
Trailers, see subhead Motor Vehicles above
Transit regional districts, levies for, 28M.5, 384.12(10)
Transportation department equipment sales, exemptions for, 423B.5
Travel trailers, exemptions for, 321.123(2b), 435.23
Treasurer's deeds, see CONVEYANCES (REAL ESTATE), subhead Tax Deeds
Trust companies
    See also subhead Financial Institutions above
    Income taxes, exemption from, 422.34(1)
Trusts
    Income taxes, 422.6, 637.505
    Inheritance taxes on property transfers, 450.8
    Principal and income adjustments relating to taxes, 637.506
    Property tax listing by trustee, 428.1
Tuberculosis eradication in cattle, levies for, 165.18
Turkeys, excise tax assessment on
    General provisions, ch 184A
    Exemption of refunds from legal process and transfer, 179.5A
Unemployment compensation, withholding taxes on, 96.3(10)
United States lands, tax exemption for, 1.4, 1.8
United States taxes, see subhead Federal Taxes above
Urban renewal, tax increment financing for, 2.48, 403.19
Urban revitalization areas, tax exemptions in, see URBAN REVITALIZATION
Use taxes, see SALES, SERVICES, AND USE TAXES
Utilities
    See also subheads Electricity and Electricity Providers, Cooperatives, Transmission
            Facilities, and Utilities; Natural Gas and Natural Gas Providers, Pipelines, and
            Utilities above
    Annexation to city, 368.23
    Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
    Sales, services, and use taxes, see SALES, SERVICES, AND USE TAXES
Veal calves, excise taxes on, see subhead Cattle above
Vehicles, see subhead Motor Vehicles above
Vessels (watercraft), see subhead Boats and Vessels above
Veterans of military service, see subhead Military Service Members and Veterans above
Video production projects in Iowa, incentives for, 2.48, 15.119, 15.391–15.393, 422.7(52),
        422.11T, 422.11U, 422.33(23, 24), 422.35(23), 422.60(10, 11), 432.12J, 432.12K,
        533.329(2f), 533.329(2g)
Vineyards, property tax assessment of, 441.21(12)
Violations, venue of criminal actions, 803.3(7)
Voting system purchases, levies for, 52.3
Wagering taxes, see subhead Gambling Taxes above
Warehouses, property tax exemption for, 427B.1–427B.6
Watercraft, see subhead Boats and Vessels above
Water districts, taxes for
   Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
   Special assessments, 357.3, 357.19–357.22, 357.28
Waterfront improvement taxes in special charter cities, 384.12(16), 420.155, 420.157
Water quality districts, levies for, 357E.8, 357E.10
Waters and watercourses, property tax exemptions for, 427.1(22)
Watershed protection, taxation by soil and water conservation subdistricts for, 161A.20,
       161A.23–161A.41
Water utilities, see subhead Utilities above
Web search portal businesses, exemptions for, 423.3(92, 93), 427.1(35, 36)
Weed destruction costs, assessment against landowner, 317.21
Wheel taxes, see subhead Motor Vehicles above
Wind energy production and conversion systems
   Credits for production of electricity, 2.48, 422.11J, 422.33(16), 422.60(7), 432.12E,
            476.48(5), ch 476B, ch 476C
   Refunds and reimbursements for production systems, 423.4(4), 437A.17B
   Replacement taxes on electricity generated by conversion property, exemption from,
            437A.6(1c)
   Sales and use taxes on conversion property, exemption from, 423.3(54)
   Valuation of conversion property, 427B.26, 441.21(8)
Wine
   Gallonage taxes
       General provisions, 123.37, 123.183, 123.184
       Use of revenues, 15E.117
   Sales and use taxes, exemption from, 423.3(45)
Wool, excise tax assessment on
   General provisions, ch 182
   Exemption of refunds from legal process and transfer, 179.5A
Workers' compensation self-insurance associations, insurance company tax exemption for, 87.4
Wrestling match receipts, 90A.9

TAX DEEDS
See CONVEYANCES (REAL ESTATE)

TAXIDERMY AND TAXIDERMISTS
Licensing and regulation, 481A.126, ch 483A
Taxation of services, 423.2(6)

TAX INCREMENT FINANCING
Job training programs, 260E.4, 403.21
Land recycling program response actions, 455H.309
Rural improvement zones, 357H.9
Urban renewal projects, financing and funding of, 2.48, 403.19, 437A.15
TAXIS AND TAXI SERVICES
Air taxi operators, see AIRCRAFT AND AIR CARRIERS, subhead Air Taxi Operators
Cabs and cab services
    Assistance to cab companies by state, 324A.3
    Licensing and regulation by local authorities, 321.236(7), 325A.2(2)
    Smoking in taxicabs, restrictions on, ch 142D
    Study of systems by state, 307.25(2)

TAX REDEMPTION
See TAX SALES, subhead Redemption of Property Sold at Tax Sales

TAX SALES
General provisions, 331.559(22), ch 446
Certificates of sale, fees for, 331.552(23)
Cities under special charter, sales by, 331.512(2), 420.207, 420.213–420.226
Consultant services for owners of property in foreclosure, regulation of contracts for, ch 714E
Drainage and levee districts, land in, sales for delinquent taxes or assessments owed to districts,
        468.158
Legalizing Acts for tax sales, 589.16, 589.16A
Manufactured homes, sales for delinquent taxes and interest owed on, 435.25
Mineral rights and interests sold at tax sale, redemption by land owner, 458A.20
Mobile homes, sales for delinquent taxes and interest owed on, 435.25
Real estate improvement districts, property in, sales for delinquent taxes owed to districts,
        358C.14
Reconveyance transactions involving owners of property in foreclosure, regulation of, ch 714F
Records of tax sales, destruction of, 331.552(34)
Redemption of property sold at tax sales
    General provisions, 331.559(23), ch 447
    Cities under special charter, redemption from sales by, 420.207, 420.227, 420.238–420.240
    Evidence to prove redemption, 446.36
Sanitary districts, property in, sales for delinquent taxes owed to districts, 358.18
Special assessment payments, sales of assessed property for delinquent payments owed, 384.69
Titles conveyed by tax sale, see TITLES (PROPERTY), subhead Tax Titles

TAX TITLES
See TITLES (PROPERTY)

TDD (TELECOMMUNICATIONS DEVICES FOR THE DEAF)
See TELEPHONE SERVICE AND TELEPHONE COMPANIES

TEACHING AND TEACHERS
See also AREA EDUCATION AGENCIES, subhead Employees of Area Education Agencies
See also BLINDNESS AND BLIND PERSONS, subhead Braille and Sight Saving School
See also COMMUNITY COLLEGES AND MERGED AREAS, subhead Teachers and Instructors
See also DEAFNESS AND DEAF PERSONS, subhead School for Deaf, State
See also EDUCATION, EDUCATORS, AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS
See also SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Employees of Schools
General provisions, ch 272, ch 294
Absences of teachers, see subhead Leaves of Absence for Teachers below
Administrators, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Administrators of Schools
Agricultural education teachers, employment by school districts, 280.20
Ambassador to education, see EDUCATION DEPARTMENT, subhead Ambassador to Education
Annuities for teachers, see ANNUITIES, subhead School District Employee Benefits
Assistance for teachers and students in teacher training, see subhead Financial Assistance for
        Teachers and Students in Teacher Training below
Attendance recordkeeping by teachers, 294.4
Barber school instructors, licenses for, 158.7
Beginning teachers
    Contract termination for probationary teachers, 279.19
    Mentoring and induction programs for beginning teachers
        General provisions, 284.5
        Completion, requirement for teacher licensure, 272.2(1b), 272.28
Certifications for teachers, see EDUCATION, EDUCATORS, AND EDUCATIONAL
        INSTITUTIONS, subhead Licensing, Preparation, and Regulation of Educators
Child abuse reporting by teachers, see CHILD ABUSE, subhead Reporting and Reporters
Coaches of athletics and sports, see ATHLETICS, ATHLETES, AND ATHLETIC TRAINING
Collective bargaining by teachers
    General provisions, ch 20
    Agreement, validity, 279.13(3)
    Reorganized district, agreement, validity, 275.33
College preparation and training programs for teachers, see subhead Training of Teachers below
College teachers, see COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Faculty
Compensation for teachers
    General provisions, 279.13(1)
    Minimums and supplements, 284.7
    National board for professional teaching standards certification pilot project awards, 256.44
Contracts for teachers
   General provisions, 279.13
    Public employee collective bargaining, see subhead Collective Bargaining by Teachers
            above
    Reorganized districts, validity, 275.33(1)
    Termination, 279.15–279.19, 279.27
Cosmetology arts and sciences instructors, licenses for, 157.8
Credentials for teachers, see EDUCATION, EDUCATORS, AND EDUCATIONAL
        INSTITUTIONS, subhead Licensing, Preparation, and Regulation of Educators
Dental hygiene program faculty, permits for, 153.37
Dentistry college faculty, permits for, 153.37
Disabilities education preparation in teacher preparation programs, 256.16
Discharges of teachers, 279.27
Driver education instructors, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Drivers of Motor Vehicles
Education of teachers, see subhead Training of Teachers below
Elective office service by teachers, replacement teachers for, contract termination, 55.1
Employment of teachers by school districts
    Authority, 297.12
    Contracts, see subhead Contracts for Teachers above
Endorsements for teachers, see EDUCATION, EDUCATORS, AND EDUCATIONAL
        INSTITUTIONS, subhead Licensing, Preparation, and Regulation of Educators
Evaluations and evaluators of teachers
    General provisions, 256.7(3), 279.14, 284.8, 284.9
    Training program for evaluators, 284.10
Exchange program, 256.7(15), 256.9(40), 279.55–279.57
Financial assistance for teachers and students in teacher training
    Loans for students, see subhead Loans for Students below
    Tuition reimbursement, 279.12
Gifted and talented education, see GIFTED AND TALENTED EDUCATION
Homes for teachers, school district indebtedness and bonds authorized for, ch 296
Induction of teachers, see subhead Beginning Teachers above
Insurance benefits, 279.12
Kindergarten teachers, license requirement for, 256.11(2)
Leaves of absence for teachers
    Educational leaves, 279.12
    Sabbaticals, 256.21
    Sick leaves, 279.40
Licenses for teachers, see EDUCATION, EDUCATORS, AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS,
        subhead Licensing, Preparation, and Regulation of Educators
Loans for students
    Minority group members, reimbursement payments, 261.48
    Science and mathematics teachers, loan repayment by recipient, 261.54
    Shortage areas, forgivable loans and loan forgiveness for teachers employed in, 261.2(8),
            261.111, 261.112
Mathematics teaching and teachers, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead
        Mathematics Instruction
Mentoring of teachers, see subhead Beginning Teachers above
Minority persons in teaching, see MINORITY PERSONS, subheads College and University
        Faculty and Students; School Employees and Students
National board for professional teaching standards certification pilot project awards, 256.44
Nepotism prohibition, exception from, 71.1
New teachers, see subhead Beginning Teachers above
Para-educators, licensing, preparation, and regulation of, see EDUCATION, EDUCATORS, AND
        EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS, subhead Licensing, Preparation, and Regulation of
        Educators
Parent-teacher associations and organizations, see PARENT-TEACHER ASSOCIATIONS AND
        ORGANIZATIONS
Parent-teacher conferences, consideration as instructional time, 256.7(19)
Pay for teachers, see subhead Compensation for Teachers above
Pensions and pension systems for teachers, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead
        Employees of Schools
Performance improvement program, see EDUCATION, EDUCATORS, AND EDUCATIONAL
        INSTITUTIONS, subhead Licensing, Preparation, and Regulation of Educators
Performance reviews, 284.8
Prekindergarten teachers, license requirement, 256.11(1)
Preparation of teachers, see subhead Training of Teachers below
Principals of schools, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Principals of Schools
Probationary teachers, 279.19
Professional development, 256.7(25), 284.6
Qualifications of teachers, interstate agreement on, ch 272A
Quality of teaching and teachers, state program for, 256.7(25), 256.9(46), ch 284
Reading program preparation in teacher preparation programs, 256.16
Regents institution faculty, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS,
        subhead Teachers at Institutions
Regents institution preparation and training programs for teachers, see subhead Training of
        Teachers below
Registers, daily, 294.4
Replacement teachers for teachers serving in elective office, contract termination, 55.1
Reports, 294.5
Residence requirement, 279.22
Resignations of teachers, 279.13(2)
Retirement of and retirement systems for teachers, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS,
        subhead Employees of Schools
Sabbaticals, 256.21
Salaries for teachers, see subhead Compensation for Teachers above
Science teaching and teachers, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Science
        Instruction
Sharing of teachers, 256.12, 280.15
Shortage areas, forgivable loans and loan forgiveness for teachers employed in, 261.2(8),
        261.111, 261.112
Sick leave for teachers, 279.40
Special education, see SPECIAL EDUCATION
Student achievement and teacher quality program, 256.7(25), 256.9(46), ch 284
Student teaching and teachers
    See also subhead Training of Teachers below
    General provisions, 272.25
    College and university programs, contracts with schools, 272.27
    Cooperating teachers, incentives for, 262.75
    Loans for students, see subhead Loans for Students above
Substitute teachers for teachers serving in elective office, contract termination, 55.1
Superintendents of schools, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead
        Superintendents of Schools
Supply agents and dealers, acting as, restrictions, 301.28
Suspensions and readmissions of students, 282.4, 282.5
Temporary replacement teachers for teachers serving in elective office, contract termination,
        55.1
Textbook agents and dealers, acting as, restrictions, 301.28
Training of teachers
   See also subhead Student Teaching and Teachers above
   See also EDUCATION, EDUCATORS, AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS, subhead
           Licensing, Preparation, and Regulation of Educators
   General provisions, 256.7(3), 256.16
   Contracts between school districts and regents institutions, 262.30–262.32
   Cooperating teacher incentive program, 262.75
   Disabilities education preparation in teacher preparation programs, 256.16
   Financial assistance to teachers and students preparing to be teachers, see subhead Financial
           Assistance for Teachers and Students in Teacher Training above
   Gifted and talented education, assistance to teachers, 263.8A
   In-service training programs by area education agencies, 273.2(5a)
   Iowa state university course, 266.2
   Leaves for educational purposes, 279.12
   University of Iowa course, 263.1
   University of northern Iowa courses, 268.2
   Vocational education teacher training, federal and state aid for, 258.5
Tuition assistance, see subhead Financial Assistance for Teachers and Students in Teacher
       Training above
University preparation and training programs for teachers, see subhead Training of Teachers
       above
University teachers, see COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Faculty
Vocational agriculture teachers, employment by school districts, 280.20
Vocational education teacher training, federal and state aid for, 258.5
Wages for teachers, see subhead Compensation for Teachers above

TEASEL
Prohibition, 317.25

TECHNOLOGY
See also COMPUTERS AND SOFTWARE
See also INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
Biotechnology, see BIOTECHNOLOGY, BIOSCIENCE, AND BIOLOGY
Commercialization, 15.115–15.117
Educational technology
    See also COMPUTERS AND SOFTWARE, subhead Schools and School Districts
    Agricultural technology, vocational education, 280.20
    Instructional use, state assistance, 256.33
High technology apprenticeship programs at community colleges, 260F.6B
Information technology, see INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

TEETH
Dental health and care, see DENTAL CARE AND DENTAL CARE PRACTITIONERS
Swine needle teeth, clipping of, 169.3(1)

TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND TECHNOLOGY COMMISSION
General provisions, 8D.3–8D.7
Financial disclosure by members, 68B.35, 68B.35A
Iowa communications network administration, see TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND
       TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES, subhead Iowa Communications Network
       (ICN)

TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES
See also ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS, INFORMATION, AND EQUIPMENT
See also RADIO COMMUNICATIONS AND EQUIPMENT
See also TELEGRAPH SERVICE AND TELEGRAPH COMPANIES
See also TELEPHONE SERVICE AND TELEPHONE COMPANIES
See also TELEVISION AND TELEVISION EQUIPMENT
General provisions, ch 476
Broadband services and access, 12.87(1)
City utilities providing services
    See also TELEPHONE SERVICE AND TELEPHONE COMPANIES, subhead City Utilities
             Providing Services
    See also UTILITIES, subhead City Services, City Utilities, and Utilities in Cities
    General provisions, 388.10
    Audits, 11.6(1a)
    Cable communications services and systems, operation, 364.3(7)
Commission in state government, see TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND TECHNOLOGY
        COMMISSION
Councils, regional, 8D.5
Driving while using electronic devices, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Drivers of Motor
        Vehicles
Education telecommunications council, 8D.5(1), 8D.13(8)
Electronic surveillance, 727.8, ch 808B
E-mail, see E-MAIL
Emergency communications, criminal offenses, 727.5–727.7
Emergency communications systems, see EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS (911
        AND E911 SERVICE)
Interception of communications, 727.8, ch 808B
Internet and internet services, see INTERNET AND INTERNET SERVICES
Iowa communications network (ICN)
    General provisions, ch 8D
    Appropriations, 8.57(6c)
    Proprietary interests in competition with private enterprise, 23A.2(10n)
    School courses delivered via network, 257.11(7), ch 261E
Location and operation in public rights-of-way, see UTILITIES, subhead Rights-of-Way
Motor vehicle drivers using electronic devices, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Drivers of
        Motor Vehicles
Municipal utilities and municipally owned utilities, see subhead City Utilities Providing Services
        above
Public broadcasting, see EDUCATION DEPARTMENT, subhead Public Broadcasting Division
Railroad right-of-way crossings, 476.27
Real estate improvement districts, authorized improvements, 358C.4
Regional telecommunications councils, 8D.5
Rights-of-way, see UTILITIES, subhead Rights-of-Way
Sales of services and equipment, taxation of, see TAXATION, subhead Telecommunications
        Services and Equipment
Schools, use of telecommunications in instruction by, 256.7(7–9), 279.47
Security interests in collateral of transmitting utilities, see UTILITIES, subhead Security Interests
        in Collateral of Transmitting Utilities
State services and systems
    Cabling services, 8D.3(3k)
    Iowa communications network (ICN), see subhead Iowa Communications Network (ICN)
            above
    State interoperable communications system board, 80.28, 80.29
Surveillance by electronic means, 727.8, ch 808B
Taxation of sales of services and equipment, see TAXATION, subhead Telecommunications
        Services and Equipment
Underground facility location information for excavators, see EXCAVATION WORK AND
        EQUIPMENT, subhead Planned Excavations, Notification to Operators of Underground
        Facilities in Area
Wiretapping, 727.8, ch 808B

TELEGRAPH SERVICE AND TELEGRAPH COMPANIES
See also TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES
General provisions, ch 476
Actions against companies, 616.8, 617.3
Cables, see subhead Lines and Poles below
Construction of facilities
    General provisions, 477.1–477.4
    Actions against construction contractors, 616.9
Delays in message transmission and delivery, liability, 477.5–477.9
Deregulation and deregulated services, 476.1D, 477.9A
Eavesdropping and electronic surveillance, 727.8, ch 808B
Franchises from cities, see CITIES, subhead Franchises and Franchise Elections
Harassment by telegraph communication, criminal offense, 708.7
Highway rights-of-way, lines along and crossing, see subhead Lines and Poles below
Impairment of service, criminal offense, 716.3
Interception of communications, 727.8, ch 808B
Interruption of service, criminal offense, 716.3
Lines and poles
    See also HIGHWAYS, subhead Utility Systems on and along Highway Rights-of-Way
    Construction of facilities, see subhead Construction of Facilities above
    Highway bridges on state boundaries, use by telegraph lines, 314.11
    Interstate highway construction projects, relocation or removal of utilities, 306A.10–306A.13
    Underground facilities, location information for excavators, see EXCAVATION WORK AND
            EQUIPMENT, subhead Planned Excavations, Notification to Operators of
            Underground Facilities in Area
Maps, 433.14, 433.15
Mistakes in message transmission and delivery, liability, 477.5–477.9
Poles, see subhead Lines and Poles above
Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
Railroads, telegraph lines owned and operated by, taxation, 433.13, 434.2(6)
Rights-of-way, see UTILITIES, subhead Rights-of-Way
Surveillance of communications, 727.8, ch 808B
Taxation of companies and lines, see PROPERTY TAXES
Transmission systems, see subhead Lines and Poles above
Wires, see subhead Lines and Poles above
Wiretapping, 727.8, ch 808B

TELEPHONE SERVICE AND TELEPHONE COMPANIES
See also TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES
General provisions, ch 476
Actions against companies, 616.8, 617.3
Advertisements, pay-per-call services, regulation, ch 714A, 714H.3(2)
Affiliates of companies, regulation, 476.71–476.75
Agricultural areas, telephone company property within, 352.6(1)
Answering services, sales taxes, 423.2(6)
Automatic dialing-announcing devices (ADAD), use limitations, 476.57
Cables, see subhead Lines and Poles below
Calling cards, sales taxes, 423.2(1a)
Changes in telecommunications service
    Unauthorized changes in service, prohibition, 476.103
    Unfair and deceptive practices, criminal offenses, ch 714D
City utilities providing services
    See also TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS
             COMPANIES, subhead City Utilities Providing Services
    See also UTILITIES, subhead City Services, City Utilities, and Utilities in Cities
    Property tax exemption, 427.1(2)
    Regulation by state, 476.1B(3)
    Telephone company taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Telephone Companies and
             Telephone Lines
Communication-impaired persons, telecommunications service for, see subheads Dual Party
        Relay Service; Telecommunications Devices for the Deaf (TDD) below
Construction of facilities
    General provisions, 477.1–477.4
    Actions against construction contractors, 616.9
Cooperative associations, nonprofit, ch 498
Corporations, nonprofit, reorganization as cooperative associations, 499.5(4)
Correctional facility inmate telephone calls, fund for, 904.508A
Deaf and hard-of-hearing persons, telephone service for, see subheads Dual Party Relay Service;
        Telecommunications Devices for the Deaf (TDD) below
Delays in message transmission and delivery, liability for, 477.5–477.9
Deregulation and deregulated services, 476.1D, 477.9A
Dialing-announcing devices, automatic (ADAD), use limitations, 476.57
Directories and directory assistance
    Business listings misrepresenting locations, unlawful practice, 714.16(2n)
    Emergency communications obstruction and false claims, notice publication in directories,
            727.7
Disconnection, 476.20
Driving while using electronic devices, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Drivers of Motor
        Vehicles
Dual party relay service
    General provisions, ch 477C, 546.7
    Assessment for program paid by local exchange service providers, 476.101(1)
Eavesdropping and electronic surveillance, 727.8, ch 808B
Emergency communications, criminal offenses, 727.5–727.7
Emergency communications systems (911 and E911 service), see EMERGENCY
        COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS (911 AND E911 SERVICE)
Funds transfers, electronic systems for, ch 527
Harassment by telephone communication, criminal offenses, 708.7
Hearing-impaired persons, telephone service for, see subheads Dual Party Relay Service above;
        Telecommunications Devices for the Deaf (TDD) below
Highways, lines along and crossing, see subhead Lines and Poles below
Impaired persons, telecommunications service for, see subheads Dual Party Relay Service
        above; Telecommunications Devices for the Deaf (TDD) below
Impairment of service, criminal offense, 716.3
Improvement projects, financial support by cities and counties, ch 419
Interception of communications, 727.8, ch 808B
Interruption of service, criminal offense, 716.3
Lines and poles
    See also HIGHWAYS, subhead Utility Systems on and along Highway Rights-of-Way
    Construction of facilities, see subhead Construction of Facilities above
    Highway bridges on state boundaries, use by telephone lines, 314.11
    Interstate highway construction projects, relocation or removal of utilities, 306A.10–306A.13
    Underground facilities, location information for excavators, see EXCAVATION WORK AND
            EQUIPMENT, subhead Planned Excavations, Notification to Operators of
            Underground Facilities in Area
Listings, see subhead Directories and Directory Assistance above
Local exchange services
    Certificates of convenience and necessity, 476.29
    Long distance connections accessibility, 477.10–477.14
    Price regulation and competition, 476.95–476.102
Long distance services
    Competitive classification, 476.1D(10)
    Local exchange access, 477.10–477.14
Maps, 433.14, 433.15
Mistakes in message transmission and delivery, liability for, 477.5–477.9
Motor vehicle drivers using electronic devices, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Drivers of
        Motor Vehicles
Mutual telephone companies, exemption from rate regulation, 476.1
Obscene material, dissemination to minors, prohibition, 728.15
Operator services companies, alternative, regulation of, 476.91
Pay-per-call services, regulation of, ch 714A, 714H.3(2)
Poles, see subhead Lines and Poles above
Prize promotions, fraudulent practices, 714.8(15)
Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
Rates
    General provisions, 476.6
    Discounts, 476.5
    Filing, exemptions, 476.4A
    Regulation by utilities board, 476.1, 476.1D
    Schedule, 476.6(9)
Rights-of-way, see UTILITIES, subhead Rights-of-Way
Slamming, see subhead Changes in Telecommunications Service above
Speech-impaired persons, telephone service for, see subheads Dual Party Relay Service above;
        Telecommunications Devices for the Deaf (TDD) below
Surveillance of communications, 727.8, ch 808B
Taxation of companies and lines, see PROPERTY TAXES
Telecommunications devices for the deaf (TDD)
    Emergency communications systems (911 and E911), telecommunications devices for
            impaired persons required, 34.2(4), 34A.9
    Equipment distribution program
        General provisions, ch 477C, 546.7
        Assessment for program, 476.101(1)
Theft of service, criminal offense, 714.1(7)
Tolls between companies, 476.11
Transmission systems, see subhead Lines and Poles above
Wires, see subhead Lines and Poles above
Wiretapping, 727.8, ch 808B

TELEVISION AND TELEVISION EQUIPMENT
See also TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES
Advertising, see ADVERTISING
Cable television services and systems
    See also subheads City Services, City Utilities, and Utilities in Cities; Pay Television below
    General provisions, 477.1–477.4
    Debtor's property, exemption from execution, 627.6(5)
    Theft of services, criminal offense, 714.1(7)
    Underground facilities, location information for excavators, see EXCAVATION WORK AND
           EQUIPMENT, subhead Planned Excavations, Notification to Operators of
           Underground Facilities in Area
City services, city utilities, and utilities in cities
    See also subhead Cable Television Services and Systems above
    See also UTILITIES, subhead City Services, City Utilities, and Utilities in Cities
    Franchises from cities, see CITIES, subhead Franchises and Franchise Elections
   Sales taxes on pay services, 423.2(2)
   Translator systems owned by cities, rehabilitation and improvement, bond issues, 384.23–
            384.36
Court testimony in criminal trials, televising to courtroom, 915.38
Debtor's property, exemption from execution, 627.6(5)
Educational television, see subhead Public Television and Public Television Stations below
Freedom of the press, Const US Amend 1; Const Iowa I §7
Libel, see LIBEL
Lines, see subhead Cable Television Services and Systems above
Pay television
   See also subhead Cable Television Services and Systems above
   Taxation of sales of services, 423.2(2, 6)
Productions of television projects in Iowa, tax incentives for, 2.48, 15.119, 15.391–15.393,
        422.7(52), 422.11T, 422.11U, 422.33(23, 24), 422.35(23), 422.60(10, 11), 432.12J,
        432.12K, 533.329(2f), 533.329(2g)
Public television and public television stations
   Property tax exemption for stations, 427.1(26)
   State system and stations, see EDUCATION DEPARTMENT, subhead Public Broadcasting
            Division
Repair services, taxation of, 423.2(6)
Slander, see SLANDER
Taxation of services and stations, see TAXATION, subhead Television Services and Stations
Testimony of witnesses and victims in criminal trials, televising to courtroom, 915.38
Translator systems, city-owned, rehabilitation and improvement bond issues, 384.23–384.36
Victim testimony in criminal trials, televising to courtroom, 915.38
Wires, see subhead Cable Television Services and Systems above
Witness testimony in criminal trials, televising to courtroom, 915.38

TELLER'S CHECKS
See UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subheads Bank Deposits and Collections; Negotiable
      Instruments

TEMPERATURE AND TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEMS
Climate, see WEATHER AND CLIMATE
Comfort systems, see HVAC SYSTEMS (HEATING, VENTILATION, AIR CONDITIONING);
       HYDRONIC SYSTEMS
Food refrigeration and refrigeration equipment, see REFRIGERATION AND REFRIGERATION
       EQUIPMENT
Heating and heating equipment, see HEAT ENERGY AND HEATING EQUIPMENT
Thermostats, mercury-added, regulation of, 455D.16
Weather, see WEATHER AND CLIMATE

TENANTS AND TENANCIES
See also LANDLORD AND TENANT
Agricultural land tenants and tenancies, ch 562
Attornment to stranger, validity, 562.3
At will, presumption and termination notice, 562.4
Color of title against landlord, tenants not given, 560.2
Common, see subhead Tenants and Tenancies in Common below
Continuation, ch 562
Delivery of possession to stranger, validity, 562.3
Dwelling units, rental agreements, see LANDLORD AND TENANT
Farm tenants and tenancies, ch 562
Forcible entry and detainer actions, see FORCIBLE ENTRY AND DETAINER
Holding over, rent liability, 562.2
Housing cooperative members, 499A.11
Housing, public, requirements, 403A.7
Joint tenants and tenancies
    Death, simultaneous, property distribution, 633.525
    Inheritance tax liability, 450.3(5)
    Real property recovery actions, 646.4
    Waste committed on real property, liability of tenant, 658.1A–658.3
Life estates and life tenants, see subhead Life Tenants and Tenancies below
Life tenants and tenancies
    See also LIFE ESTATES
    Waste committed on real property, liability of tenant, 658.1A–658.3
Manufactured home communities and mobile home parks, see MANUFACTURED AND
        MOBILE HOMES, subhead Landlord and Tenant Law
Occupying claimants, color of title not given, 560.2
Real property recovery actions
    Joint tenants, actions by, 646.4
    Liability of tenant, 646.22
    Tenants in common, actions by, 646.4
Rent, see RENTAL PROPERTY, RENT, AND RENTERS
Residential dwelling units, rental agreements, see LANDLORD AND TENANT
Revitalization areas, displaced tenants relocation expense compensation, 404.6
Tenants and tenancies at will, presumption and termination notice, 562.4
Tenants and tenancies for life, see subhead Life Tenants and Tenancies above
Tenants and tenancies for years, waste committed on real property, liability of tenant, 658.1A–
        658.3
Tenants and tenancies in common
    General provisions, 557.15–557.17
    Forcible entry and detainer actions, notice of termination required, 648.4
    Owners and occupying claimants, 560.5
    Real property recovery actions, 646.4
    Redemption from execution sale, 628.24
    Walls in common, ch 563
    Waste committed on real property, liability of tenant, 658.1A–658.3
Termination
    General provisions, ch 562
    Forcible entry and detainer actions, notice of termination required, 648.4
Urban revitalization areas, displaced tenants' rent and relocation expense compensation, 404.6
Waste committed on real property, liability, 658.1A–658.3

TENDER
General provisions, ch 538
Legal tender, states' power to make, limitation, Const US I §10
Sales, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Sales

TERMINAL ILLNESSES AND CONDITIONS
See DISEASES

TERMINALS
Computers, see COMPUTERS AND SOFTWARE
Satellite terminals for electronic funds transfers, see SATELLITE TERMINALS

TERRACE HILL
General provisions, 8A.326
Operation and maintenance of governor's residence, 8A.321(3)

TERRORISM
Bioterrorism disasters, see DISASTERS, subhead Public Health Disasters
Compact for statewide mutual aid, 29C.22
Criminal offenses
   General provisions, ch 708A
   Murder by participants, 707.2(6)
Emergencies declared by president of United States, students affected by, financial aid program
       requirement modification or waiver, 261.5
Homeland security and defense, see HOMELAND SECURITY AND DEFENSE
Public health disasters, see DISASTERS, subhead Public Health Disasters
Victims of international terrorism, compensation, 915.85

TESTIMONY
See WITNESSES

TETANUS
Immunizations for children, see IMMUNIZATIONS, subhead Children
Vaccination program for first responders, 135.146

TEXTBOOKS
College textbooks, notice listing for students, 261.7
School textbooks, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Books and Textbooks

TEXT-MESSAGING
See TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES

THANKSGIVING DAY
Holidays, 1C.1, 1C.2
THEATERS
Explosives for use in theaters, sales of, 727.2(3)
Fire protection, standards for, 100.35
Loading zones, 321.360
Obscenity regulation, see OBSCENITY
Smoking in theaters, restrictions on, ch 142D
Toilets, standards for, 104B.1

THEATRE
Obscenity regulation, see OBSCENITY
School instruction in theatre, standards for, 256.11(3–5)

THEFT
See also BURGLARY
See also LARCENY
See also ROBBERY
See also SHOPLIFTING
General provisions, 702.19, ch 714
Identity theft, see IDENTITY AND IDENTIFICATION, subhead Theft of Identity, Criminal
        Offense for (Identity Theft)
Library materials and equipment, see LIBRARIES, subhead Equipment and Materials
Lottery tickets and shares, criminal offense, 99G.36
Motor vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Stolen Vehicles and Vehicle Parts
Penalty surcharge for offenses, see LAW ENFORCEMENT INITIATIVE SURCHARGE

THERAPY AND THERAPISTS
Marital and family therapists, see MARITAL AND FAMILY THERAPY AND MARITAL AND
       FAMILY THERAPISTS
Massage therapists, see MASSAGE THERAPY AND MASSAGE THERAPISTS
Occupational therapists, see OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY AND OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY
       PRACTITIONERS
Physical therapists, see PHYSICAL THERAPY AND PHYSICAL THERAPY PRACTITIONERS
Respiratory care therapy and therapists, see RESPIRATORY CARE AND RESPIRATORY CARE
       PRACTITIONERS
Sexual abuse by therapists, actions for damages, statute of limitations, 614.1(12)
Sexual exploitation by therapists, see SEXUAL EXPLOITATION

THERMAL ENERGY AND ENERGY SYSTEMS
Climate, see WEATHER AND CLIMATE
Comfort systems, see HVAC SYSTEMS (HEATING, VENTILATION, AIR CONDITIONING);
       HYDRONIC SYSTEMS
Deaths caused by thermal injuries, inquiries by medical examiners, 144.28(1), 331.802(3)
Food refrigeration and refrigeration equipment, see REFRIGERATION AND REFRIGERATION
       EQUIPMENT
Heating and heating equipment, see HEAT ENERGY AND HEATING EQUIPMENT
Weather, see WEATHER AND CLIMATE

THERMOSTATS
Regulation of mercury-added thermostats, 455D.16

THINGS IN ACTION
See CHOSES IN ACTION

THREATENED SPECIES PROTECTION
General provisions, ch 481B
Violations and penalties for violations
   General provisions, 481A.134, 481A.135
   Damage to threatened species in violation of game laws, payment for, 481A.130–481A.133

THREATS
Bomb threats, 712.6–712.8
Harassment, 708.7
Obstruction of justice, 719.3
Witnesses, 719.3

THRESHERS AND THRESHING SERVICES
Liens, see LIENS, subhead Harvesters' Liens

THRIFT CERTIFICATES
Industrial loan company certificates, regulation of, 536A.22

THRIFT INSTITUTIONS
See FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

TIF
See TAX INCREMENT FINANCING

TIGERS
Regulation of possession, breeding, and importation of tigers, ch 717F

TIMBER
See TREES

TIME
A.D., 4.1(16)
Commercial transactions, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE
Computation, 4.1(34)
Daylight saving time, ch 1D
Legal actions, time limit for commencement, see LIMITATIONS OF ACTIONS
Month, 4.1(16)
Standard time, ch 1D
Week, 4.1(36)
Year, 4.1(16, 40)

TIME-21 (TRANSPORTATION INVESTMENT MOVES THE ECONOMY IN THE
      TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY) FUND
General provisions, 312.2(15–17), ch 312A

TIME-SHARE PROGRAMS
General provisions, ch 557A
Securities representing time-share intervals, exemption from regulation, 502.201(9D)

TIRES
General provisions, 321.440
Chains on tires, use of, 321.236(12), 321.442
Disposal of waste tires, 455D.11–455D.11C, 455D.11G, 455D.11I, 455D.15(3i), 455D.22–
        455D.25, 455J.3(5)
Haulers of waste tires, registration of, 455D.11I, 455D.22–455D.25
Metal tires
    General provisions, 321.1(38)
    Prohibition, 321.441
Pneumatic tires, 321.1(53)
Recapping and retreading services, taxation of sales and use of, 423.2(1a), 423.5(1)
Repair services, taxation of sales of, 423.2(6)
Snow tires
    Lack of snow tires, violations for, 321.236(12)
    Studded tires, use of, 321.442(3)
Solid tires, 321.1(73)
Studded tires, use of, 321.442
Tracked vehicles, operation allowed, 321.443
Unsafe tires, violations for, 321.381

TISSUE (BODY PARTS)
See ORGANS AND TISSUE

TITHES
Prohibited, Const Iowa I §3

TITLE GUARANTY DIVISION
See FINANCE AUTHORITY

TITLE INSURANCE
See INSURANCE

TITLES (IOWA CODE SECTIONS)
See HEADNOTES (IOWA CODE SECTIONS)
TITLES (LEGAL ACTIONS)
Change of title, prohibition, 611.14

TITLES (PROFESSIONAL PRACTITIONERS)
See index heading for specific profession

TITLES (PROPERTY)
Abstracts of title
    Inheritance tax debt, deductible, 450.12
    Marketable record title, see MARKETABLE RECORD TITLE
    Recovery of real property, pleading, 646.7–646.9
    State school fund loans, 262.14
    Title guaranties and title guaranty program, see subhead Guaranties and Guaranty Program
             below
Actions involving titles to real estate, see REAL PROPERTY, subhead Actions
Adverse possession, see ADVERSE POSSESSION
Affidavits explanatory of defects in titles, filing and effect of, 558.8
After-acquired interest, estoppel by deed, 557.4
All-terrain vehicles, certificates of title for, 321I.30–321I.33
Ancient deeds and instruments, limitation of actions on, 614.14–614.23
Art work acquired by state, 304A.14
Bailees, documents of title provisions, see DOCUMENTS OF TITLE
Bank deposits and collections, warranties of titles, 554.4207
Bankruptcy, real estate involved in, title clearance, ch 626C
Bequests, see subhead Gifts, Devises, and Bequests below
Bills of lading, see BILLS OF LADING
Boats, see BOATS AND VESSELS, subhead Titles, Titleholders, and Titling of Boats and Vessels
Bond to convey real estate, foreclosure, 654.11, 654.12
Boundary disputes, determinations of titles, ch 650
Carriers, bills of lading, see BILLS OF LADING
Cemetery lots, abandoned, right of reversioner, 523I.315(2)
Certificate of entry, assignment carries title, 558.7
Certificates of title and property covered by certificates of title, see CERTIFICATES OF TITLE
Chain of title
    Claims to real estate before 1980, 614.17
    Defects, affidavits explanatory of, filing and effect, 558.8
    Legalizing Acts, see LEGALIZING ACTS
    Marketable record title, 614.29–614.38
    Record of title kept in land office, 9G.1
Change in title
    See also subhead Transfer of Title below
    Certification by district court, 602.8102(10), 602.8105(2d)
    Entry on transfer books, 558.66
City property, acquisition and disposition of, ch 569
Clear title, see MARKETABLE RECORD TITLE
Color of title, 560.2
Commissioner's conveyances, 624.29–624.35
Condemnation proceedings, evidence of title of condemnor, 6B.38(4)
Conveyances, see CONVEYANCES (REAL ESTATE)
Corporate stock, title divested by execution, right to vote, 491.55
County property, acquisition and disposition of, ch 569
Court judgments, titles acquired under, effect of reversal of judgments, 625A.16
Curative Acts, ch 589
Deeds, see CONVEYANCES (REAL ESTATE)
Devises, see subhead Gifts, Devises, and Bequests below
Documents of title, see DOCUMENTS OF TITLE
Dormitories at regents institutions, 262.37
Easements claimed by adverse possession, evidence establishing adverse possession, 564.1
Eminent domain proceedings, evidence of title of condemnor, 6B.38(4)
Federal lands
    Authority to acquire state lands, 1.4
    Fish and game refuges, 1.5–1.9
    Grants, 9G.9, 9G.11
    Land office records, 9G.1, 622.41–622.51
    National forests, 1.9
    Railroad land grants, recording, 558.9, 558.10
Forcible entry and detainer actions, see FORCIBLE ENTRY AND DETAINER
Forfeiture of real estate contracts, 656.1, 656.6
Forty-year marketable record, see MARKETABLE RECORD TITLE
Gifts, devises, and bequests
    Estate proceedings, see PROBATE CODE, subhead Wills and Codicils
    Public bodies, acceptance to pass title, 565.6
    State, acceptance to pass title, 565.3
    Townships, acceptance required, 359.29
Grantees and grantors
    After-acquired interests, inurement to grantees, 557.4
    Spouses or heirs, grantors described as, presumption, 558.14
Guaranties and guaranty program
    General provisions, 16.91
    Loans for real property purchases, title guaranty cost collection by lender, 535.8[2b(1)]
Highways
    Natural resources department jurisdiction, 461A.10, 461A.12, 461A.14
    Rights-of-way, 306.9
Insurance, see INSURANCE, subhead Title Insurance and Title Insurance Companies
Inurement of after-acquired interest to grantee, 557.4
Iowa-Missouri boundary compromise, effect on titles, see material at the end of Vol VI
Iowa-Nebraska boundary compromise, effect on titles, see material at the end of Vol VI
Islands in river channels, see subhead River Channels and Bars and Islands in Channels,
        Disposition by State, below
Judgments, titles acquired under, effect of reversal of judgments, 625A.16
Land office and patents, ch 9G
Legalizing Acts, ch 589
Life estate terminations, changes of title, 558.41(4)
Lost property, title of finder, 556F.5, 556F.11
Lost records, proceedings and proof, ch 647
Manufactured homes, see MANUFACTURED AND MOBILE HOMES, subhead Titles,
        Titleholders, and Certificates of Title
Marketable title, see MARKETABLE RECORD TITLE
Merchantable title, see MARKETABLE RECORD TITLE
Mobile homes, see MANUFACTURED AND MOBILE HOMES, subhead Titles, Titleholders,
        and Certificates of Title
Mortgagors, title to realty, 557.14
Motor vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Titles, Titleholders, and Certificates of Title
Name variations, effect of, 558.6
Notarial seals of nonresidents, 558.15
Occupying claimants, color of title, ch 560
Park lands under natural resources department jurisdiction, 461A.10, 461A.12, 461A.14
Partition actions, see PARTITION
Party walls, ch 563
Plats, see PLATS
Possession claims, ancient deeds, limitation, 614.23
Purchasers, titles acquired under court judgments, effect of reversal of judgments, 625A.16
Quieting title actions, judgments, and decrees
    General provisions, ch 649
    Legalization of judgments and decrees, 587.7
    Limitation of actions to set aside judgments and decrees, 614.1(7)
    Property records lost or destroyed, action to restore, quieting title, 647.2
Railroad lands
    Dubuque and Pacific railroad company, 9G.12
    Record, 558.9, 558.10
Recovery of real property, 646.3
Reversion of titles, see REVERSIONS
River channels and bars and islands in channels, disposition by state
    Action to determine title, 568.19
    Conveyance of title by state, 568.12
    Failure to convey, refund, 568.16, 568.20
    Rights of occupants on sale, 568.10
Sales of goods, 554.2403
Snowmobiles, certificates of title for, 321G.29–321G.32
Spouses
    Abandoned spouse, property rights, 597.10
    Surviving spouse, affidavit to change title, 558.66
State property
    General provisions, ch 569
    Dormitories at regents institutions, 262.37
    Fish and game, title in state, 481A.2, 481A.3
    Gifts to state, conditions, acceptance, 461A.12, 565.3
    Park lands and highways, 461A.10, 461A.12, 461A.14
   River channels and bars and islands in channels, disposition of, see subhead River Channels
           and Bars and Islands in Channels, Disposition by State, above
Tax titles
   See also CONVEYANCES (REAL ESTATE), subhead Tax Deeds
   Affidavit of holder, 448.15, 448.17
   Assessment irregularities, errors, and omissions, effect, 443.19
   Assignment of certificate of purchase, effect, 446.31
   Claims adverse, filing, 448.16, 448.17
   Failure to demand taxes, effect, 420.218
   Sale for erroneous taxes, effect, 445.61
   Tax sale advertisement irregularities, effect, 420.217, 446.14
Transfer of title
   See also subhead Change in Title above
   Fee, 331.507(2a)
   Taxation, see REAL ESTATE, subhead Transfer Taxes
United States lands, see subhead Federal Lands above
Vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Titles, Titleholders, and Certificates of Title
Vessels, see BOATS AND VESSELS, subhead Titles, Titleholders, and Titling of Boats and
        Vessels
Walls in common, ch 563
Warehouse receipts
   See also UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Documents of Title
   Agricultural products warehouses, negotiable receipts, restrictions, 203C.17–203C.19
Warranty of title by deed of conveyance, 558.19

TOBACCO AND TOBACCO PRODUCTS
General provisions, ch 453A
Age restrictions and violations
   General provisions, 453A.2, 453A.3
   Citations for violations, 805.6(3)
   Identification used in acquiring cigarettes and tobacco products, see subhead Sales, Sellers,
           and Purchases of Cigarettes and Tobacco Products below
   Magistrate hearing procedure for violations, 602.6405(2)
   Penalties for violations, 805.8C(3)
Buyers and buying of cigarettes and tobacco products, see subhead Sales, Sellers, and Purchases
       of Cigarettes and Tobacco Products below
Diseases caused by exposure to tobacco, time limitation for commencement of actions founded
       on, 614.1(2A)
Displays of tobacco products, see subhead Sales, Sellers, and Purchases of Cigarettes and
       Tobacco Products below
Distributing agents for cigarettes
   General provisions, 453A.1(9)
   Permits and regulation, 453A.13–453A.23
Distributors of cigarettes and tobacco products
   General provisions, 453A.1(11), 453A.42(4)
   Licenses, 453A.44, 453A.45
    Permits and regulation, 453A.13–453A.23
Fire safety standards for cigarettes, ch 101B
Litigation with tobacco manufacturers, see subhead Tobacco Settlement and Tobacco Settlement
         Authority below
Little cigars
    General provisions, 453A.42(5)
    Stamps, 453A.7–453A.12
    Taxation, 453A.43(1)
Manufacturers of cigarettes and tobacco products
    General provisions, 453A.1(15)
    Litigation against manufacturers, see subhead Tobacco Settlement and Tobacco Settlement
             Authority below
    Permits and regulation, 453A.13–453A.23
Purchases and purchasers of cigarettes and tobacco products, see subhead Sales, Sellers, and
         Purchases of Cigarettes and Tobacco Products below
Railway cars, sales on, 453A.23
Retailers of tobacco products
    See also subhead Sales, Sellers, and Purchases of Cigarettes and Tobacco Products below
    General provisions, 453A.1(21)
    Permits and regulation, 453A.13–453A.23, 453A.47A
Sales, sellers, and purchases of cigarettes and tobacco products
    See also subhead Retailers of Tobacco Products above
    Age restrictions and violations, see subhead Age Restrictions and Violations above
    Distributors, see subhead Distributors of Cigarettes and Tobacco Products above
    Identification used in acquiring cigarettes and tobacco products
         Criminal offense, 321.216C
         Retention of licenses and cards by tobacco licensees and permittees, 453A.4
    Railway cars, sales on, 453A.23
    Self-service displays
         General provisions, 453A.1(23)
         Sales through displays prohibited, 453A.36A
    Subjobbers, see subhead Subjobbers of Tobacco Products below
    Unfair sales, ch 421B
    Vending machines, see subhead Vendors and Vending Machines below
    Wholesalers of cigarettes, see subhead Wholesalers of Cigarettes below
Samples, distribution restrictions, 453A.39
School students, use by, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Tobacco Use by
         Students
Sellers, see subhead Sales, Sellers, and Purchases of Cigarettes and Tobacco Products above
Settlement of litigation with tobacco manufacturers, see subhead Tobacco Settlement and
         Tobacco Settlement Authority below
Smoking of cigarettes and tobacco products, see SMOKING
Stamps for cigarettes, 453A.7–453A.12
Subjobbers of tobacco products
    General provisions, 453A.42(14)
    Licenses, 453A.44, 453A.45
Taxation, see TAXATION, subheads Cigarettes; Tobacco Products
Tobacco settlement and tobacco settlement authority
   General provisions, ch 12E, ch 453C, ch 453D
   Bond issues, 12.30
   Public funds investment and custody requirements, exceptions, 12B.10(6j), 12B.10A(6i),
           12B.10B(3i), 12B.10C(4h)
   Sale of state's share to tobacco settlement authority, ch 12E
Underage restrictions and violations, see subhead Age Restrictions and Violations above
Use of cigarettes and tobacco, prevention and control of, ch 142A, ch 142D
Vendors and vending machines
   See also VENDING MACHINES
   General provisions, 453A.1(4, 5)
   Permits and regulation, 453A.13–453A.23
   Requirements, 453A.36(6)
Wholesalers of cigarettes
   General provisions, 453A.1(27)
   Permits and regulation, 453A.13–453A.23

TOES
See FEET (HUMAN LIMBS)

TOILETS
See also PLUMBING AND PLUMBERS
Cleaning and disposal of waste from toilet units, 455B.171(33), 455B.172(6)
Food establishments, 137F.14
Hotels, 137C.17
Installation and removal of facilities, performance of property owner's responsibility by city,
        costs assessed against property, 364.12–364.13B
Pay toilets, prohibition, 135.21
Public places for assemblies, plumbing facilities of, standards, 104B.1

~P MARGINS L *TM;I0-0,4;I1-2,6;I2-4,8;I3-6,10
TOLEDO
Juvenile delinquents unit, see JUVENILE FACILITIES AND INSTITUTIONS, subhead State
       Training School
Juvenile home, state, see JUVENILE FACILITIES AND INSTITUTIONS, subhead State Juvenile
       Home

TOLL BRIDGES
See BRIDGES

TOMBS AND TOMBSTONES
See CEMETERIES
See DEATHS AND DEAD PERSONS, subhead Burials and Interments of Remains

TON
Unit of weight, 210.4

TOOLS
Burglar tools in possession, criminal offense, 713.7
Debtor's property, exemption from execution, 627.6(11)
Prison labor, tools furnished for, 356.18, 356.20

TOOTH CARE
See TEETH

TOPSOIL
See SOIL

TORAH
Use in public schools and institutions, 280.6

TORNADOES
See also WEATHER AND CLIMATE
Insurance, see INSURANCE, subhead Weather Insurance
Property destroyed by tornadoes, tax abatement or refund for owners of, 445.62
School drills and warning systems, 100.31
Storm shelters in manufactured home communities and mobile home parks, requirements and tax
       exemption, 331.301(15), 364.3(8), 427.1(30)

TORTS AND TORT CLAIMS
Agricultural products warehouses
   Merchandisers for warehouses, liability of, 203C.4(3)
   Receivers for warehouses, liability of, 203C.3(8)
Agriculture-related products, adulterated or improperly labeled, claims for wrongful
       condemnation or seizure of, 189.18
Child abuse information dissemination violations, liability for, 235A.20
Children committing torts, liability of parents for, 613.16
Children given work assignments under juvenile justice law, liability of, 232.13(1)
Commercial tort claims under secured transactions law, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE,
       subhead Secured Transactions
Comparative fault, ch 668
Contributory fault, see NEGLECT AND NEGLIGENCE
Correctional institution inmates, tort claims by, payment and appeal of denials, 904.311
Correctional services departments, liability of, 905.2
Corrections department records confidentiality violations, liability for, 904.603
County liability and procedures, see subhead Governmental Liability and Procedures for Tort
       Claims below
Court appointed special advocates, liability of, 232.13(1)
Criminal defendants performing community service, liability of, 907.13(5)
Criminal history and intelligence data confidentiality violations, liability for, 692.6
Dependent adult abuse information dissemination violations, liability for, 235B.11
Disaster debris and wreckage clearance and removal, liability, 29C.6(4)
Early childhood Iowa area boards, liability of, 256I.7(4)
Emergency management local commissions, liability of, 29C.9(4)
Fair authority, state, liability of, 173.1
Farmers legal assistance program, exemption from tort claims Act, 13.22(6)
Farm mediation service, exemption from tort claims Act, 13.13(2)
Foster parents, tort actions against, liability, 234.41
Governmental liability and procedures for tort claims
    See also subhead under this index heading for specific governmental entity or function
    Comparative fault provisions, 668.10
    Limitations of actions, 614.8
    Local governmental subdivisions, liability of and procedures for, 331.303(10), ch 670
    State, liability of and procedures for
        General provisions, ch 669
        Interest payment on unpaid claims, exemption for tort claims, 8A.514(3)
        Risk management coordinator for executive branch, 8.6(15)
Grain dealers, receivers for, liability, 203.12B(5)
Hazardous chemicals risks right to know Act duties, exemption from tort liability, 89B.6
Hazardous substance and hazardous waste management duties, liability of state for, 455B.432
Hazardous waste facilities, construction, operation, and maintenance of, liability, 455B.448(3)
Health care facilities, receivers for, liability, 135C.30(4)
Health care providers in volunteer health care provider program, liability of, 135.24(3–6)
Human services department
    Records confidentiality violations, liability for, 217.31
    Volunteers, liability of, 217.13(3)
Legal services for persons in poverty program, exemption from tort claims Act, 13.34(4)
Mental illness advocates for hospitalized persons, liability of, 229.19
Negligence, see NEGLECT AND NEGLIGENCE
Nonresident persons and corporations committing torts in Iowa, commencement of actions
        against, 617.3
Personal injuries, see INJURIES
Physical exercise club regulation duties, liability of state for, 552.19
Primary road activities, payment of claims arising from, 313.16
Private land or waters used for public recreation, liability of holder of, ch 461C
Railroad inspection activities, liability for, 327C.4
Settlement of claims, structured settlements for, see STRUCTURED SETTLEMENTS
Spouse committing tort, liability of other spouse for, 597.19
State liability and procedures, see subhead Governmental Liability and Procedures for Tort
        Claims above
Student teachers in school districts, liability of, 272.27
Uniform commercial code duties, liability of state for, 554.10105
Volunteers
    Human services department volunteers, liability of, 217.13(3)
    Volunteer health care provider program service providers, liability of, 135.24(3–6)
Wrongful imprisonment actions, liability for, 663A.1(5)
TORTURE
Animal torture, see ANIMALS, subhead Tortured Animals

TOURISM
See also SCENIC AREAS
Advertising, 461A.79(3)
Bed and breakfast establishments, see BED AND BREAKFAST HOMES AND INNS
City assistance activities, competition with private enterprise prohibition exemption, 23A.2(10d)
Community attraction and tourism program, see COMMUNITY ATTRACTION AND TOURISM
        PROGRAM
County assistance activities, competition with private enterprise prohibition exemption,
        23A.2(10i)
Cultural grants, state program for, 303.3
Grants, 461A.79(2)
Highway signs, 306C.11, 321.1(82, 83), 321.252
Hotels and motels, see HOTELS AND MOTELS
Information centers, improvement projects for, financial support by cities and counties, ch 419
Information dissemination program, 15.273
Promotion, 15.108(5), 461A.79(3)
Recreation activities and facilities, see RECREATION
Vision Iowa program, see VISION IOWA PROGRAM
Welcome centers, 15.271, 15.272

TOWNS
See CITIES

TOWNSHIPS
General provisions, ch 359
Animal health, boards of, 165.35
Appointments and appointed persons, see subheads Employees of Townships; Officers of
       Townships below
Attorneys, 359.18, 359.19
Audits by state auditor, 11.6–11.21
Boards of township trustees, see subhead Trustees of Townships, Boards of, below
Bonds, see BONDS
Budgets, 331.502(29), 359.49, 359.50
Buildings, facilities, and grounds of townships
   See also subheads Halls; Property of Townships below
   See also PUBLIC BUILDINGS
   Cemeteries, see CEMETERIES
   Construction, improvements, maintenance, and repairs, see subhead Construction and
           Improvement of Facilities below
   Libraries, see LIBRARIES
   Memorial buildings, joint acquisition with city, 37.21, 360.4
   Parks, improvements, tax levies for, 359.30
   Playgrounds, lands condemned for, 359.28
    Roads, expenditures by county, publication, 349.16
    Unneeded property, reversion, 360.9
Cemeteries, see CEMETERIES
Cities, townships within, duties and funds transferred, 359.24–359.27
Claims against townships
    Settlements by insurers, public records, 22.13
    State, claims by, settlement, 25.6
    Tort claims liability and procedure, see TORTS AND TORT CLAIMS, subhead Governmental
            Liability and Procedures for Tort Claims
Clerks of townships
    See also subhead Officers of Townships below
    General provisions, 39.22, 359.11, 359.20–359.23
    Abolition of office, 359.24
    Affirmations, power to take, 63A.2(4)
    Compensation, 331.322(14), 331.324(1), 359.47
    Elections, see ELECTIONS, subhead Townships and Township Elections
    Oath administration power, 63A.2(4)
    Resignations, 69.4
    Vacancies, 69.8(5), 69.20
Coal mining, requirements, 207.11
Coal purchase and use, 73.6, 73.9, 73.10
Community centers, land condemned for, 359.28
Community clusters, inclusion, 28E.37
Community commonwealth government form, 331.260–331.263
Condemnation powers, 359.28
Construction and improvement of facilities
    See also PUBLIC IMPROVEMENTS
    General provisions, 359.28–359.40
    Bidding procedure, ch 73A
    Bond issues, see BONDS, subhead Townships
    Contracts, ch 73A
    Joint undertakings, see JOINT ENTITIES AND UNDERTAKINGS
    Park improvements, tax levy for, 359.30
Contracts, see PUBLIC CONTRACTS, subhead Township Contracts
Contributions by and to townships, see CONTRIBUTIONS, DONATIONS, AND GIFTS
Creation of townships, 359.2
Debt
    Bonds, see BONDS
    Limit, Const Iowa XI §3; 346.24
    Statement showing debt, filing and posting, 331.502(29), 359.21, 359.23
Disaster services, see subhead Emergency Services and Systems below
Dissolution of townships, 359.9
Division of townships, 359.5–359.8
Documents kept by townships, see subhead Records of Townships below
Donations by and to townships, see CONTRIBUTIONS, DONATIONS, AND GIFTS
Election precincts, 49.4
Elections, see ELECTIONS
Emergency services and systems
    General provisions, 359.42, 359.43, 359.45
    Fire protection services, see FIRES AND FIRE PROTECTION
    Medical services, see EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES
Eminent domain powers, 359.28
Employees of townships
    See also subhead Officers of Townships below
    For provisions relating generally to public employees, see PUBLIC EMPLOYEES
    General provisions, 331.324
    Applications for jobs, public notice requirements, 35C.1(3)
    Workers' compensation, see WORKERS' COMPENSATION
Expenditures by townships
    See also subhead Funds below
    Highways, expenditures by county, publication, 349.16
    State mandates, see MANDATES IMPOSED ON POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS
Facilities of townships, see subhead Buildings, Facilities, and Grounds of Townships above
Fence viewer duties, see FENCES, subhead Fence Viewers
Finances, see subhead Funds below
Fire districts, withdrawal of townships from, 357B.18
Fire protection services, see FIRES AND FIRE PROTECTION
Funds
    See also subhead Expenditures by Townships above
    Accounting, 359.51
    Budgets, 331.502(29), 359.49, 359.50
    Cemetery funds, 359.21, 359.34, 359.35
    Deposits and depositories, see PUBLIC FUNDS, subhead Deposits and Depositories
    Investments, 12B.10–12B.10C, 12C.9–12C.11
    Receipts and expenditures statement filing and posting, 331.502(29), 359.21, 359.23
    Taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
Gifts by and to townships, see CONTRIBUTIONS, DONATIONS, AND GIFTS
Grounds of townships, see subhead Buildings, Facilities, and Grounds of Townships above
Halls
    See also subhead Buildings, Facilities, and Grounds of Townships above
    Construction and maintenance, ch 360
    Gifts, devises, and bequests for halls, acceptance authorized, 359.29
Highways, expenditures by county, publication, 349.16
Improvement of facilities, see subhead Construction and Improvement of Facilities above
Indebtedness, see subhead Debt above
Insurance, reciprocal and interinsurance contracts, exchange, ch 520
Investments, 12B.10–12B.10C, 12C.9–12C.11
Jobs and jobholders, see subhead Employees of Townships above
Joint entities and undertakings, see JOINT ENTITIES AND UNDERTAKINGS
Lands, see subhead Property of Townships below
Legal counsel, 359.18, 359.19
Libraries, see LIBRARIES
Maintenance of facilities, see subhead Construction and Improvement of Facilities above
Memorial buildings, joint acquisition with city, 37.21, 360.4
Missouri river barge compact, powers and duties of townships preserved under, 307C.5
Moneys, see subhead Funds above
Monuments, joint acquisition with city, 37.21
Names of townships, changing, 359.14
New townships, elections, 359.10–359.13
Officers of townships
   See also subheads Clerks of Townships; Employees of Townships above; Trustees of
            Townships, Boards of, below
   For provisions relating generally to public officers, see PUBLIC OFFICERS
   General provisions, 331.324
   Public employees' retirement system coverage for elective officers, 97B.1A[8a(1)], 97B.42A
   Surety bonds for officers of townships, see PUBLIC OFFICERS, subhead Bonds for Officers
Park improvements, tax levies for, 359.30
Playgrounds, lands condemned for, 359.28
Population, determination, 9F.6
Property of townships
   See also subhead Buildings, Facilities, and Grounds of Townships above
   Accounting, 359.51
   Disposal procedure, 359.52
Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
Purchasing by townships, see PURCHASING, subhead Townships
Railroads in townships, laws and regulations applicable to rights-of-way, 327G.8
Real property of townships, see subhead Property of Townships above
Records of townships
   See also PUBLIC RECORDS
   Preservation requirements, 359.20
Repairs of facilities, see subhead Construction and Improvement of Facilities above
Roads, expenditures by county, publication, 349.16
School land division and appraisement duties, 257B.4
Services by townships, state mandates for, see MANDATES IMPOSED ON POLITICAL
        SUBDIVISIONS
Taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
Tort claims liability and procedure, see TORTS AND TORT CLAIMS, subhead Governmental
        Liability and Procedures for Tort Claims
Trustees of townships, boards of
   See also subhead Officers of Townships above
   General provisions, 39.22, 359.11, 359.17
   Abolition of office, 359.24
   Animal board of health duties, 165.35
   Bond requirement for public officers, exception for township trustees, 64.1A
   Compensation, 331.322(14), 331.324(1), 359.46
   Elections, see ELECTIONS, subhead Townships and Township Elections
   Fence viewer duties, see FENCES, subhead Fence Viewers
   Legal counsel, 359.18, 359.19
   Resignations, 69.4
   School land division and appraisement, 257B.4
   Surety bond requirement for public officers, exception for township trustees, 64.1A
   Vacancies, 69.8(5), 69.20
Volunteers, liability, 670.2
Warning systems for emergencies, 359.42, 359.43, 359.45
Windbreaks, demonstration, trees provided by state, 456A.20
Workers, see subhead Employees of Townships above

TOXINS
See POISONS AND POISONINGS

TOYS
Purchases for donation by nonprofit organizations, sales tax exemption, 423.3(87)

TRACKS (RACING)
See RACING

TRACKS (RAILROADS)
See RAILROADS

TRACTORS
Farm tractors, see AGRICULTURE AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS, subhead Tractors
Road tractors, see MOTOR VEHICLES
Truck tractors, see MOTOR VEHICLES

TRADE
See also BUSINESS AND BUSINESSES
See also COMMERCE
See also SALES
Customs of trade, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Custom and Usage
Fair trade provisions, see FAIR TRADE
Foreign trade offices, appropriations allotments, 8.31(6)
Law merchant, supplementary to uniform commercial code, 554.1103
Money, see MONEY
Uniform commercial code, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE
World trade center, ch 15C

TRADEMARKS
General provisions, ch 548
Counterfeiting, criminal offenses, 714.26
Financial institution trademarks, misuse of, criminal offense, ch 547A
Food, sale and delivery under false name or mark, prohibited, 190.10
Insurer trademarks, misuse of, criminal offense, ch 547A
Invention development services, ch 523G
Iowa logo, 15.108(2b)
Labeling, inclusion of trademark, 189.9
Theft of identity, see IDENTITY AND IDENTIFICATION, subhead Theft of Identity, Criminal
       Offense for (Identity Theft)

TRADE NAMES
General provisions, ch 547
Commercial feed, label requirements, 198.5
Counterfeiting, criminal offenses, 714.26
Farm names registered, 557.22–557.26
Food, sale and delivery under false name, prohibited, 190.10

TRADE SCHOOLS
See VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

TRADE SECRETS
General provisions, ch 550
Computer data, unauthorized access, criminal offense, 716.6B
Public records, confidentiality, 22.7(3)

TRADE UNIONS
See LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, subhead Unions, Associations, and Organizations of
      Employees

TRAFFIC
See HIGHWAYS
See MOTOR VEHICLES

TRAFFIC SAFETY BUREAU
Drunk driving public education campaign, 321J.1A
Trauma system advisory council membership, 147A.24

TRAFFIC VIOLATIONS
See MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Violations and Violators

TRAILERS
Manufactured homes and mobile homes, see MANUFACTURED AND MOBILE HOMES
Motorcycle trailers, registration plates for, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Registration and
       Registration Plates
Motor vehicle trailers and semitrailers, see MOTOR VEHICLES

TRAILS
General provisions, ch 465B
All-terrain vehicle trails, mowing, signing, and maintenance on, 321.234A(1e)
Bicycle trails and paths, see BICYCLES AND BICYCLING
Brushy creek recreation area, see BRUSHY CREEK RECREATION AREA
Donations of property for public use, recognition by state, 1C.15
Funding for recreational facilities, ch 461
Pedestrian trails and paths, see PEDESTRIANS, subhead Walkways for Pedestrians
River and lake facilities, promotion and enhancement of, financial assistance, see COMMUNITY
        ATTRACTION AND TOURISM PROGRAM
Snowmobile trails, see SNOWMOBILES
Trailblazing, tourist-oriented directional signs, 321.252(4e)
Water trails, see BOATS AND VESSELS, subhead Trails for Watercraft

TRAINING (ATHLETIC)
See ATHLETICS, ATHLETES, AND ATHLETIC TRAINING

TRAINING (JOBS)
See LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT

TRAINING SCHOOL, STATE
See JUVENILE FACILITIES AND INSTITUTIONS, subhead State Training School

TRAINS
See RAILROADS

TRANSCRIPTS
Appellate courts, transmission to, 625A.7
Bankruptcy transcripts, filing in state courts, 626C.1–626C.6
Circuit court transcripts, issuance of, 602.6701
Criminal actions prosecuted by cities and counties, payment of costs of transcripts for,
        602.1303(7), 815.13
Criminal appeals, indigent defendant's right to district court transcript, 814.9, 814.10
Destruction of records, 602.8103(4)
Evidence, admissibility as, 622.97–622.101
Fees for transcripts
    Shorthand reporter's compensation, 602.3202
    Taxation as court costs, 625.9

TRANSFER COMPANIES
See CARRIERS

TRANSFER ON DEATH SECURITY REGISTRATION
General provisions, 633.10(5), ch 633D

TRANSFERS TO MINORS
General provisions, ch 565B
Bank common trust funds, 633.126–633.129
Conservatorship termination, payment to custodian, 633.681
Procedure in lieu of conservatorship, 633.108, 633.574
Trust company common trust funds, 633.126–633.129
TRANSIENT PERSONS
See also MIGRANT PERSONS
Door-to-door sales, see DOOR-TO-DOOR SALES
Homeless persons, see HOMELESS PERSONS
Hotel and motel guests, see HOTELS AND MOTELS
Indigent and poor persons
    Burial assistance for nonresident indigent persons by counties, 252.27
    Removal of poor persons from state or county, 252.18
Merchants, licenses, ch 9C

TRANSIT SERVICES AND SYSTEMS
See PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SERVICES AND SYSTEMS

TRANSLATING AND TRANSLATORS
See INTERPRETING AND INTERPRETERS
See TRANSLITERATING AND TRANSLITERATORS

TRANSLITERATING AND TRANSLITERATORS
See also PROFESSIONS
General provisions, 135.11A, ch 147, ch 154E

TRANSMISSIBLE SPONGIFORM ENCEPHALOPATHIES (TSE)
See CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE

TRANSMISSION LINES
Cable television, see TELEVISION AND TELEVISION EQUIPMENT
Electric lines, see UTILITIES, subhead Electric Utilities
Gas lines, see PIPELINES AND PIPE SYSTEMS
Pipelines, see PIPELINES AND PIPE SYSTEMS
Telegraph lines, see TELEGRAPH SERVICE AND TELEGRAPH COMPANIES
Telephone lines, see TELEPHONE SERVICE AND TELEPHONE COMPANIES
Water lines, see WATER AND WATERCOURSES, subhead Supplies and Supply Systems

TRANSMITTING UTILITIES
Security interests in collateral of transmitting utilities, see UTILITIES, subhead Security Interests
       in Collateral of Transmitting Utilities

TRANSPLANTS OF ORGANS AND TISSUE
See ORGANS AND TISSUE

TRANSPORTATION
Aircraft, see AIRCRAFT AND AIR CARRIERS
Airports, see AIRPORTS
All-terrain vehicles, see ALL-TERRAIN VEHICLES
Bicycles, see BICYCLES AND BICYCLING
Boats, see BOATS AND VESSELS
Buses, see BUSES AND BUS SERVICES
Carriers, see CARRIERS
Highways, see HIGHWAYS
Motor carriers, see MOTOR CARRIERS
Motorcycles, see MOTORCYCLES
Motorized bicycles, see MOTORIZED BICYCLES
Motor vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES
Pipelines, see PIPELINES AND PIPE SYSTEMS
Public transit, see PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SERVICES AND SYSTEMS
Railroads, see RAILROADS
School transportation services and vehicles, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS
Services, state funding for eligible persons, 234.6(6)
Snowmobiles, see SNOWMOBILES
Street railways, see STREET RAILWAYS
Vessels, see BOATS AND VESSELS

~P MARGINS L *TM;I0-0,4;I1-2,6;I2-4,8;I3-6,10
TRANSPORTATION DEPARTMENT
See also STATE OFFICERS AND DEPARTMENTS
General provisions, 7E.5(1r), ch 307, ch 307A
Aircraft and airport regulation, ch 328
Audits by state auditor, expenses reimbursed, 11.5B
Brownfield redevelopment advisory council membership and duties, 15.294
Carrier regulation, ch 325A, ch 326, ch 327B–ch 327G
Competition with private enterprise prohibition, exemption for department, 23A.2(9)
Condemnation powers, ch 6B, 306.19, 589.27
Contracts, see PUBLIC CONTRACTS, subhead Transportation Department Contracts
Council Bluffs property, use as green space, 314.25
Driver education instructor certification, 321.178(1)
Driver's license issuance, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Drivers of Motor Vehicles
Emergency response commission membership and duties, 29.1, ch 30
Eminent domain powers, ch 6B, 306.19, 589.27
Employees of department
   See also subhead Peace Officer Employees of Department below
   For provisions relating generally to state employees, see STATE EMPLOYEES
   Expenses, 307.8, 307.12(2)
   Longevity pay, 307.48
   Oath administration by employees, 321.9
   Reassignment, 307.13
   Sales or leases of goods and services by employees, restrictions, 68B.4
   Transfer, 307.13
Energy center advisory council membership and duties, 266.39C
Equipment
   See also MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Transportation Department Vehicles
   Federal donations, acceptance, 307.43
   Sales by department, local tax exemptions, 423B.5
Fuel tax law administration and enforcement, 452A.57, 452A.76
Highways administration, see HIGHWAYS
Keep Iowa beautiful fund administration, 314.28
Law enforcement officers of department, see subhead Peace Officer Employees of Department
        below
Licenses for drivers, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Drivers of Motor Vehicles
Manufactured home distributor, manufacturer, and retailer licensing and regulation, see
        MANUFACTURED AND MOBILE HOMES, subheads Distributors of Homes;
        Manufacturers and Manufacturing of Homes; Retailers of Homes
Map of state, see MAPS
Mississippi river partnership council appointment and support, ch 28N
Missouri river authority membership and duties, 28L.1
Missouri river barge compact, jurisdiction and duties, 307C.2, 307C.3
Mobile home distributor, manufacturer, and retailer licensing and regulation, see
        MANUFACTURED AND MOBILE HOMES, subheads Distributors of Homes;
        Manufacturers and Manufacturing of Homes; Retailers of Homes
Motor vehicle dealer, distributor, and manufacturer licensing and regulation, see MOTOR
        VEHICLES, subheads Dealers of Vehicles and Licensing and Regulation of Dealers;
        Distributors, Distributor Branches, and Distributor Representatives for Vehicles;
        Manufacturers of Vehicles
Motor vehicle division, commercial motor vehicle violation citations, fines and fees from,
        deposit in road use tax fund, 602.8108(8), 602.8108A(1)
Motor vehicle law administration, see MOTOR VEHICLES
Motor vehicles of department, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Transportation Department
        Vehicles
Natural resources and outdoor recreation trust fund administration, ch 461
Nonoperator's identification card issuance, see IDENTITY AND IDENTIFICATION, subhead
        Nonoperator's Identification Cards
Peace officer employees of department
    See also subhead Employees of Department above
    See also PEACE OFFICERS
    General provisions, 321.476–321.481
    Age limit, 321.477
    Public employees' retirement system benefits, 97B.49B, 97B.49D, 97B.49G(10), 97B.50A,
            97B.52(2)
Primary road system administration, see HIGHWAYS, subhead Primary Roads and Road System
Private enterprise, prohibited competition with, exemption, 23A.2(9)
Public transit assistance, 307.25, ch 324A
Purchasing by department, see PURCHASING, subhead Transportation Department
Railroad regulation, see RAILROADS
Records, 305.15, 321.10–321.12, 321.31
Report, 7A.9
Roadside vegetation management, 314.22
Sales tax exemptions and refunds, 423.3(31), 423.4(1, 2)
Seal, 321.7
Secondary road administration, see HIGHWAYS, subhead Secondary Roads and Road System
Secondary road fund distribution advisory committee appointment, 312.3C
Statewide interoperable communications system board, 80.28, 80.29
Tax exemptions and refunds, 423.3(31), 423.4(1, 2)
Trail administration, see TRAILS
Transportation commission
    General provisions, ch 307, ch 307A
    Compensation, 7E.6(4)
    Financial disclosure, 68B.35, 68B.35A
    Retirement system for public employees, coverage of commission members, 97B.1A[8a(8)],
            97B.42A
Travel trailer dealer, distributor, and manufacturer licensing and regulation, see MOTOR
        VEHICLES, subhead Travel Trailers
Use tax refunds, 423.4(1, 2)
Vegetation on roadsides, management plan, 314.22
Vehicles of department, see MOTOR VEHICLES
Voter registration at driver's license stations, 48A.18, 48A.21
Weed control on highways, 317.11
Weighing vehicles, authority, 321.476–321.481

TRANSPORTATION INVESTMENT MOVES THE ECONOMY IN THE TWENTY-
      FIRST CENTURY (TIME-21) FUND
General provisions, 312.2(15–17), ch 312A

TRAP AND TRACE DEVICES
General provisions, ch 808B

TRAPPING AND TRAPS
Bird trapping, restrictions on, 481A.58
Fish trapping, restrictions on, 481A.76, 481A.145
Funding for programs and projects for recreational purposes, ch 461
Fur-bearing animal trapping and traps
    See also FUR-BEARING ANIMALS, subhead Harvesting, Hunting, and Trapping of Fur-
            Bearing Animals
    General provisions, 481A.51, 481A.87–481A.93
    Violations, see subhead Violations and Penalties for Violations below
Game trapping
    See also subheads Rabbit Trapping; Squirrel Trapping below
    Restrictions, 481A.48–481A.58
Interference with activities, prohibition, 481A.125
License revenue, expenditure restriction, Const Iowa VII §9
Minnow trapping, restrictions on traps, 481A.145
Open seasons
    General provisions, 481A.1(25)
    Established, 481A.48
    Fur-bearing animals, 481A.87
Persons, traps set for, criminal offense, 708.9
Private property, trapping on, liability of property owners, ch 461C
Rabbit trapping
    See also subhead Game Trapping above
    Box trapping, license requirement, 481A.92
Squirrel trapping
    See also subhead Game Trapping above
    Box trapping, license requirement, 481A.92
Trespassing by trappers, 716.7(2)
Violations and penalties for violations
    General provisions, 481A.32–481A.37
    Damage to animals in violation of game laws, payment for, 481A.130–481A.133
    Fines, 805.8B(3)

TRASH AND TRASH DISPOSAL
See WASTE AND WASTE DISPOSAL, subhead Solid Waste and Disposal of Solid Waste

TRAUMA INJURIES AND TRAUMA CARE SERVICES
See also EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES
Deaths caused by trauma, inquiries by medical examiners, 144.28(1)
Delivery system for services, 147A.20–147A.28

TRAVEL
Employees, compensation for travel to and from worksite, 91A.13
Public employees, expenses for travel of, see PUBLIC EMPLOYEES, subhead Compensation for
       Public Employees
State employees, expenses for travel of, see STATE EMPLOYEES, subhead Compensation for
       State Employees
Tourism, see TOURISM
Travel agencies, registration and regulation of, ch 9D

TRAVELER'S CHECKS
See also MONEY
See also UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Negotiable Instruments
Financial transaction reporting, ch 529
Payable sums, abandonment and disposition of abandoned property, see UNCLAIMED
       PROPERTY
Sales by money transmission businesses, licensing and regulation of, see MONEY, subhead
       Services for Transmission of Money and Exchange of Currency

TRAVEL TRAILERS
See MOTOR VEHICLES

TREASON
General provisions, Const US III §3; Const Iowa I §16
Charged persons fleeing to another state, removal to state of jurisdiction, Const US IV §2
Convicted persons, suspensions of sentence, pardons, commutations of sentence, executions of
      sentence, and reprieves for, Const Iowa IV §16

TREASURER OF STATE
See also STATE OFFICERS AND DEPARTMENTS
General provisions, Const Iowa IV §22; 12.1–12.30
Abandoned property disposition by treasurer, see UNCLAIMED PROPERTY
Accounts and accounting
    General provisions, 12.1–12.15
    Accounting methods prescribed, 8.6(1)
    Audits and examinations, ch 11, 12B.11–12B.14, 70A.8
Agricultural land tax credit fund, 425A.1, 426.1
Agricultural marketing fund, 159.23
Appeal board membership and duties, see APPEAL BOARD (STATE)
Bonds, debt obligations, state and local activities, 12.1, 12.30
Bonds required of treasurer
    Employment security funds, 96.13(1, 3)
    Liability for losses, 12.7, 12B.15, 12C.8
Cigarette sale proceeds from seizure, 453A.32
Collections from departments, deposit of, 8.32, 476.51
College savings plan trust administration, ch 12D
Compensation
    See also STATE OFFICERS AND DEPARTMENTS
    General provisions, 12.18
County treasurer, funds remitted, 12B.1A, 12B.10–12B.18, 331.555(1–3)
Credit card receipt processing for state agencies, 12.21
Credit card sponsored by state, selection of issuer, 12.61
Cultural trust administration duties, ch 303A
Deposits and depositories, see PUBLIC FUNDS
Educational savings plan trust administration, ch 12D
Election, Const Iowa IV §22; 39.8, 39.9
Election candidate nominations, hearing of objections to, 44.6
Employees
    For provisions relating generally to state employees, see STATE EMPLOYEES
    Collective bargaining exclusion, 12.9
    Merit system applicability exception, 8A.412(11)
Energy-efficient state building project, bonds and finances, 12.91
Executive council membership and duties, see EXECUTIVE COUNCIL
Financial literacy program, ch 12G
Fine payment to treasurer, 602.8108, 666.3
Forfeitures, payment to treasurer, 602.8108, 666.3
Funds, see PUBLIC FUNDS
Grain indemnity fund board membership, 203D.4
Higher education loan authority records, 261A.15(2)
Interest on bonds, funds for payment, 12.7, 12B.2
Interest rates paid for public obligations and assessments, committee to establish, duties, ch 74A
Interest rates paid for state public funds deposits, committee to establish, duties, 12C.6
Investments, see PUBLIC FUNDS
Iowa jobs program bonds and finances, 12.87–12.90
Island sales, 568.24
Judicial retirement investment, 602.9111
Linked investments programs, see LINKED INVESTMENTS
Lost property, proceeds of sale, 556F.15
Merit system for state employees, applicability to treasurer's employees, exception, 8A.412(11)
Oath administration power, 63A.2(1)
Pari-mutuel wagering taxes distributed, 99D.15
Pay, see subhead Compensation above
Prison infrastructure bonds and finances, 12.79, 12.80
Property purchases by state agencies, financing agreements for, 12.28
Public employees' health insurance funds, 514.16
Public employees' retirement fund custodian duties, 97B.7
Public employees' retirement system investment board duties, 97B.8A
Public funds, see PUBLIC FUNDS
Public safety peace officers' retirement, accident, and disability system trustees board
        membership, 97A.5(1)
Purchases by state agencies, financing agreements for, 12.28
Receipts, record and account of, 12.1–12.5
Records commission membership and duties, ch 305
Report, 7A.3, 12.17
Revenue anticipation notes, 12.26
Riot reinsurance fund, federal, 518B.2, 518B.5
River channel sales, 568.24
Road use tax fund administration, see ROAD USE TAX FUND
Salary, see subhead Compensation above
School funds, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Funds
School infrastructure program bonds and finances, 12.81–12.86
Second injury fund administration, 85.66, 85.67
Security of revenue, ch 12B
Settlement with auditor, 11.2, 12B.11–12B.14
Swampland indemnity money, payment to counties, 12.16
Targeted small business, waiver of bond requirement for, 12.44
Tax anticipation notes, 12.26
Term of office, Const Iowa IV §22; 39.8, 39.9
Tobacco settlement duties, see TOBACCO AND TOBACCO PRODUCTS, subhead Tobacco
        Settlement and Tobacco Settlement Authority
Unclaimed property disposition by treasurer, see UNCLAIMED PROPERTY
Vision Iowa board membership and duties, 15F.102
Vision Iowa program bonds and finances, 12.71–12.77
Warehouse, bond fees, remitted, 203C.33
Warrants, see STATE OFFICERS AND DEPARTMENTS, subhead Warrants
Workers' compensation second injury fund administration, 85.66, 85.67
TREASURERS (CITIES)
See CITIES

TREASURERS (COUNTIES)
See COUNTIES

TREASURER'S DEEDS
See CONVEYANCES (REAL ESTATE), subhead Tax Deeds

TREASURERS (SCHOOL DISTRICTS)
See SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS

TREATIES
General provisions, Const US II §2
State entering treaties, prohibited, Const US I §10
Supremacy as law of land, Const US VI

TREES
See also FORESTS AND FORESTRY
See also PLANTS AND PLANT LIFE
See also WOOD AND WOOD PRODUCTS
Arbor celebrations, 1C.10
Buyers of timber, surety bond requirement for, 456A.36
Cities
    Injury to trees in cities, liability for damages, 658.4
    Nuisance abatement, ch 657
    Removal and replacement of trees by cities, see subhead Removal and Replacement of Trees
            below
    Streets and adjacent areas, vegetation projects, see HIGHWAYS, subhead Vegetation on
            Roadsides
Counties, removal by, responsibilities of property owners and counties, 331.384
Cutting, damage, and destruction of trees, see subheads Injury to Trees; Removal and
        Replacement of Trees below
Diseases
    Dutch elm disease infected trees, nuisance abatement, ch 657
    Treatment and eradication, ch 177A
Drainage obstructions, removal and destruction of, 468.138, 468.139
Dutch elm disease infected trees, nuisance abatement, ch 657
Execution sales, land sold at, occupants taking timber, liability to purchaser, 658.7
Forest covers, tax exemption for, 427.1(22)
Forest reservations, see FORESTS AND FORESTRY, subhead Reservations
Fruit-tree reservations, see FRUIT
Groves, see FORESTS AND FORESTRY, subhead Reservations
Highways, see HIGHWAYS
Horticulture society, affiliation with forestry societies, 186.3
Injury to trees
    Damage payment, 658.4
    Execution sales, land sold at, occupants taking timber, liability to purchaser, 658.7
    Occupying claimants cutting, set off against claims by, 560.6
    State lands
        Prohibition, 461A.35
        Settlers taking and using timber, liability of, 658.8
    Wild animals, damage and depredation by, management, 481A.10A, ch 481C
Insect pests, control and eradication of, ch 177A
Lost property, rights and duties of finders of, see LOST PROPERTY
Nuisances, ch 657
Nurseries and nursery stock, see NURSERIES AND NURSERY STOCK
Occupying claimants cutting trees, set off against claims by, 560.6
Orchards, see ORCHARDS
Parks, see PARKS
Pests, control and eradication of, ch 177A
Preserves, see PRESERVES
Removal and replacement of trees
    Cities, powers of
        General provisions, 331.384, 364.12, 364.13, 364.13A, 364.13B
        Bond issues, 384.23–384.36
        Special assessments, 384.37–384.79
    Counties, powers of, 331.384
    Property owners, responsibility of, 331.384, 364.12, 364.13, 364.13A, 364.13B
    State lands, natural resource commission jurisdiction, 461A.52, 461A.53
    Taxation of removal services, 423.2(6), 423.31(7)
Sales
    Capital gain, income tax deduction, 422.7(21)
    Timber buyers, surety bond requirement for, 456A.36
    Uniform commercial code sales law applicability, 554.2107
Secured transactions, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Secured Transactions,
        thereunder Timber and Uncut Timber
Shade provided by trees, see SHADE
State lands
    Injuries to trees, liability for damages, 658.4
    Nursery stock, distribution, 456A.20
    Settlers taking and using timber, liability, 658.8
    Wood removal, natural resource commission jurisdiction, 461A.52, 461A.53
Timber buyers, surety bond requirement for, 456A.36
Trimming services, taxation of, 423.2(6), 423.31(7)
Uncut timber
    Sales law under uniform commercial code, applicability of, 554.2107
    Secured transactions law under uniform commercial code, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL
            CODE, subhead Secured Transactions, thereunder Timber and Uncut Timber
Waste, see subhead Injury to Trees above
Windbreaks, see WINDBREAKS
TRESPASS
General provisions, ch 716
Actions for trespass
    Accrual of cause of action, 614.4
    Damages recovered by tax certificate holders, disposition, 331.502(42)
    Legal remedies available, 648.17
Fishers trespassing while fishing, criminal offense, 716.7(2)
Hate crimes, see HATE CRIMES
Hunters trespassing while hunting
    Criminal offense, 716.7(2)
    License revocation or suspension for convicted offenders, 483A.21
Land sold for taxes, recovery for damages done by trespassers, 658.9, 658.10
Livestock, trespassing by, ch 169C, 359A.22A
Military facilities, trespassing upon, punishment, 29A.42
Penalties surcharge for offenses, see LAW ENFORCEMENT INITIATIVE SURCHARGE
Railroad property, trespassing on
    General provisions, 716.7, 716.8
    Penalty surcharge for offenses, see LAW ENFORCEMENT INITIATIVE SURCHARGE
Roads in area service system (county secondary roads), trespassing upon, 309.57(4)
Settlers on state public lands, nonliability, 658.8
Trappers trespassing while trapping, criminal offense, 716.7(2)

TRIAL COURTS AND PROCEDURE
See COURTS AND JUDICIAL ADMINISTRATION, subhead Trials, Trial Courts, and Trial
      Procedure

TRIAL INFORMATIONS
See INFORMATIONS

TRIBES
See AMERICAN INDIANS AND INDIAN TRIBES

TRISTATE GRADUATE CENTER
Creation of center, assistance by state, 262.9(22)

TROLLEY BUSES AND BUS SERVICES
See BUSES AND BUS SERVICES

TROLLEY CARS
See STREET RAILWAYS

TROOPERS (IOWA STATE PATROL)
See PUBLIC SAFETY DEPARTMENT, subhead State Patrol and Division of State Patrol

TROOPS
See MILITARY FORCES AND MILITARY AFFAIRS
TROUT
See FISH

TROY WEIGHT
General provisions, 210.4

TRUANCY
See SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Attendance

TRUCKING COMPANIES
See MOTOR CARRIERS

TRUCKS
See MOTOR VEHICLES

TRUCK STOPS
See also FUELS, subhead Dealers of Motor Fuel or Special Fuel
Fuel permits for interstate operators, availability of, 452A.53(4c)
Trip permit issuance, 326.23(2)

TRUCK TRACTORS
See MOTOR VEHICLES

TRUST CODE
See TRUSTS AND TRUSTEES

TRUST COMPANIES
See also FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
See also PROBATE CODE
See also UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Banks and Banking Organizations
General provisions, 524.103(43), 524.1005
Custodian banks, see CUSTODIAN BANKS
Deposits and collections, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Bank Deposits and
       Collections
Employees of trust companies, restrictions on who may serve as, 524.707(2)
Examinations, 524.217
Existing companies, continuation of, 524.1005
Fiduciary capacity, see PROBATE CODE, subhead Fiduciaries
Franchise taxes, see FRANCHISE TAXES
Funds transfers, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Funds Transfers
Income taxes, see TAXATION, subhead Trust Companies
Investments, 12.28(8)
Motor vehicle registration renewal application and fee receipt authorized, 321.105
Officers, restrictions on who may serve as, 524.606(2), 524.707(2)
Property held by trust companies, unclaimed by owner, abandonment and disposition of, see
       UNCLAIMED PROPERTY
Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Financial Institutions
Receivers and receiverships, claims payment priority applicability, 680.8, 680.9
Safe deposit boxes, see SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES
Taxation, see TAXATION

TRUST DEEDS
See CONVEYANCES (REAL ESTATE), subhead Deeds of Trust

TRUSTEES (GOVERNMENTAL BODIES)
Area hospitals, see HOSPITALS AND HOSPITAL SERVICES, subhead Public Hospitals and
        Hospital Trustees
Cemeteries, see CEMETERIES
City health care facilities, see HEALTH CARE FACILITIES, subhead City Facilities and
        Trustees of Facilities
City hospitals, see HOSPITALS AND HOSPITAL SERVICES, subhead Public Hospitals and
        Hospital Trustees
City utilities, ch 388
Combined recreational facility and water quality districts, ch 357E
County hospitals, see HOSPITALS AND HOSPITAL SERVICES, subhead Public Hospitals and
        Hospital Trustees
Drainage districts, 468.500–468.537
Emergency medical services benefited districts, ch 357F
Emergency medical services city districts, ch 357G
Fire and police retirement system, ch 411
Fire districts, ch 357B
Fire fighters' pension and retirement fund, ch 410, ch 411
Health care facilities, see HEALTH CARE FACILITIES, subhead City Facilities and Trustees of
        Facilities
Historical society of state, see CULTURAL AFFAIRS DEPARTMENT, subhead Historical
        Society, State
Hospitals, see HOSPITALS AND HOSPITAL SERVICES, subhead Public Hospitals and Hospital
        Trustees
Lake districts, ch 357E
Land use districts, 303.41–303.68
Law enforcement districts, ch 357D
Levee districts, 468.500–468.537
Libraries of cities, see LIBRARIES, subhead City Libraries and Boards of Trustees
Library districts, see LIBRARIES, subhead Districts and Boards of Trustees of Districts
Library service areas, see LIBRARIES, subhead Service Areas and Boards of Trustees of Service
        Areas
Mental health centers, ch 230A
Real estate improvement districts, ch 358C
Recreational lake districts, ch 357E
Rural improvement zones, ch 357H
Sanitary districts, ch 358
Secondary road services districts, ch 357I
Soil and water conservation district subdistricts, 161A.19
Street lighting districts, ch 357C
Townships, see TOWNSHIPS
Water districts, ch 357
Water quality districts, ch 357E

TRUSTS AND TRUSTEES
See also FIDUCIARIES
See also PROBATE CODE
General provisions, ch 633A
Agricultural landholdings, see AGRICULTURAL LAND
Agricultural operations, requirements and restrictions, ch 202B, 331.756(33)
Bank deposits, see subhead Deposits below
Bankruptcy trustees, see BANKRUPTCY, subhead Trustees
Beneficiaries, income taxes, 422.6
Cemetery merchandise sales under agreements for prepayment, ch 523A
Child support payments to trustee, 600B.27, 600B.28
Conveyances of real estate
    See also subhead Real Property Transfers below
    Authorization, 557.10
    Legalization, 589.11, 589.13, 589.24
Corporations, quo warranto proceedings, ch 660
Death of trustee
    Bank deposits, payment on trustee's death, 524.807
    Successor in interest substituted, 611.20, 611.22
Deposits
    See also subhead Investments below
    General provisions, 602.8104(2i), 602.8104(2j), 636.29–636.38
    Bank deposits, 524.805, 524.807
Disabilities, persons with, supplemental needs trusts, ch 634A
Disbursements, allocation to or between principal and income, ch 637
Discharge of trustee, deposit of trust funds, 636.32–636.34
Distribution
    Impossible, deposit of property, 636.31
    Income taxes, 422.6
    Trustee's death, 524.807
Execution levy against trustee, 626.13
Farming operations, requirements and restrictions, ch 202B, 331.756(33)
Farmland holdings, see AGRICULTURAL LAND
Finance authority, ch 16
Foreign trustees, acts affecting realty legalized, 589.8, 589.11, 589.18, 589.24
Forfeiture proceedings, trustee's duties, 809A.10
Funeral services and merchandise sales under agreements for prepayment, ch 523A
Gifts to governmental bodies for institutions, appointment of trustees, 565.7
Gifts to minors, see TRANSFERS TO MINORS
Higher education loan authority obligations and moneys, 261A.44, 261A.47, 261A.48
Income determination and distribution, ch 637
Income taxes, 422.6
Inheritance taxes, liability for payment, 450.8
Investments
    See also subhead Deposits above
    General provisions, 636.23–636.28
    Deposits in banks, 524.805, 524.807
Landholdings, see AGRICULTURAL LAND
Life insurance proceeds, 508.32
Mandamus proceedings, 661.1, 661.6
Medical assistance income and special needs trusts, see MEDICAL ASSISTANCE, subhead
        Trusts for Assets of Recipients of Assistance
Principal determination and distribution, ch 637
Private foundations, see CHARITABLE ORGANIZATIONS AND GIFTS
Public broadcasting division, acceptance and administration of trusts, 256.88
Quo warranto proceedings, ch 660
Real estate broker trust accounts, 543B.46
Real property transfers
    See also subhead Conveyances of Real Estate above
    Warranty to purchaser and adverse claims, limitation of actions, 614.14
Realty trusts, creation, 557.10
Receipts, allocation to or between principal and income, ch 637
Regents board, acceptance and administration of trusts, 262.9(9)
Safe deposit boxes of decedents, access by trustees, 524.812, 533.318
Savings and loan associations, trust powers, 534.103(6)
Supplemental needs trusts for persons with disabilities, ch 634A
Taxation, see TAXATION
Transfers to minors, see TRANSFERS TO MINORS
Workers' compensation payments to mentally incompetent dependents and minors, 85.49–85.52

TSE (TRANSMISSIBLE SPONGIFORM ENCEPHALOPATHIES)
See CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE

TUBERCULOSIS
Animals, control and eradication of tuberculosis in
   General provisions, 159.5(12), 159.6(2, 3), ch 163, ch 165
   Expenses, payment fund for, 165.18
   Quarantine or destruction of exposed or infected cattle, 163.10
Deceased persons who suffered from tuberculosis, notification of persons handling bodies of,
      141A.2(3)
Exposure of emergency medical care providers to tuberculosis, notification of, 139A.19

TUITION
Colleges and universities, see COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Costs of College
        Education
Community colleges, 260C.14(2)
Proprietary schools, payment and refunds, 714.17, 714.23
School districts, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS
State universities, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS
Student financial assistance, see COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Student Aid,
        Grants, Loans, and Scholarships

TUNNELS
Mine tunnels, see MINES AND MINING
Pedestrian tunnels, see PEDESTRIANS, subhead Tunnels and Underpasses for Pedestrians
Vehicle tunnels
   Obstructing vehicle in tunnel, removal of, 321.357
   Parking of vehicle in tunnel, prohibition, 321.358(12)
   Passing of vehicle on approach to tunnel, restrictions on, 321.304

TURKEYS
See BIRDS

TURPENTINE
Regulation, 189.1(1)

TURTLES
See also REPTILES
General provisions, 481A.1(34)
Catching of, fishing for, and harvesting of turtles
    See also FISHING, subhead Turtle Fishing
    General provisions, ch 482
    Fuel tax refunds, 452A.17–452A.19
    Limits on catching of turtles, 481A.67, 481A.121
    Violations, penalties for, 481A.134, 481A.135
Pets, see PETS

UNCLAIMED PROPERTY
See also ABANDONED PROPERTY
See also LOST PROPERTY
General provisions, ch 556
Claims for property, false information provided for, criminal offense, 714.8(16)
Correctional institution inmates, property of, disposition upon death, 904.508(3)
Deer venison, abandonment and disposition of, 556H.1
District court, fees possessed by, disposition of, 602.8105(3)
Dry cleaning, abandonment and disposition of, 556G.1
Electric cooperative patronage dividends, disposition of, 216A.102(2b)
Gambling prizes, disposition of, 99D.13, 99G.31(2)
Motor vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Abandonment of Vehicles and Abandoned
       Vehicles
Records of property, confidentiality of, 22.7(32, 59)
Recovery agreements, false information prior to entering into, criminal offense, 714.8(16)
Safe deposit box contents, abandonment and disposition of
   Bank boxes, 524.812, 524.1305(6)
   Credit union boxes, 533.320

UNDERGROUND FACILITIES
Excavations in area of underground facilities, location information for excavators, see
       EXCAVATION WORK AND EQUIPMENT, subhead Planned Excavations, Notification
       to Operators of Underground Facilities in Area
Gas facilities, regulation of, ch 479, ch 479A
Hazardous liquid facilities, regulation of, ch 479B
Landfills, see WASTE AND WASTE DISPOSAL, subhead Landfills
Mines, see MINES AND MINING
Pipelines, see PIPELINES AND PIPE SYSTEMS
Railroad crossings, see RAILROADS, subhead Crossings
Sewers, see SEWAGE AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL
Tanks, see TANKS
Tunnels, see TUNNELS
Underpasses and underground crossings, see UNDERPASSES AND UNDERGROUND
       CROSSINGS
Wells, see WELLS

UNDERINSURED MOTORISTS
Insurance coverage in liability policies, see INSURANCE, subhead Motor Vehicles and Motor
       Vehicle Operators

UNDERPASSES AND UNDERGROUND CROSSINGS
Cities
    Construction and repair, special assessments, 384.37–384.79
    Maintenance responsibility, 364.12
    Railroad underpasses, 364.8
Damage caused by vehicles, responsibility for, 321.456
Pedestrian underpasses, see PEDESTRIANS, subhead Tunnels and Underpasses for Pedestrians
Railroad underpasses and underground crossings, see RAILROADS, subhead Crossings
Snowmobile crossings, use of interstate highway and freeway underpasses, 321G.9(1)
Tunnels, see TUNNELS
Viaducts, see VIADUCTS

UNDERTAKERS
See FUNERALS, subhead Directing and Directors of Funerals

UNDULANT FEVER
See BRUCELLOSIS
UNEMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYED PERSONS
See also LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, subhead Layoffs of and Laid-off Employees
Compensation for unemployed persons, see UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION
Consumer credit insurance providing coverage for unemployment, regulation of, 537.2501(2)
Jobs program, see CONSERVATION CORPS

UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION
General provisions, 84A.5(3), ch 96
Child support debt withholding from compensation, 252B.5(6)
Conservation corps employees, ineligibility of, 84A.7(5)
Contested cases, 10A.601
Contributions by employers
   Garnishment under distress warrants for contributions, 626.29
   Liens for contributions, 331.602(8), 331.607(2)
Correctional institution inmates in private industry, ineligibility of, 904.809(1)
County employees, benefits for, payment by tax levy, 331.424(1a)
Education program for employers, 15.108(7e)
School district employees, benefits for, payment by tax levy, 298.4
Veterans, benefits for, 35A.13(6), 422.7(46A)

UNFAIR DISCRIMINATION
See DISCRIMINATION

UNGULATES
Hunting preserves for ungulates, see HUNTING, subhead Preserves for Hunting

UNICYCLING
Tort liability immunity of municipalities for unicycling activities in public facilities and on
        public property, 670.4(14, 15)

UNIFORM ACTS
Adult guardianship and protective proceedings jurisdiction, 633.700–633.722
Anatomical gift, ch 142C
Certification of questions of law, ch 684A
Child-custody jurisdiction and enforcement, ch 598B
Commission on uniform state laws, ch 5
Consumer credit code, ch 537
Controlled substances, ch 124
Criminal extradition, ch 820
Disclaimer of property interest, ch 633E
Disposition of unclaimed property, ch 556
Electronic transactions, 554D.101–554D.124
Enforcement of foreign judgments, ch 626A
Environmental covenants, ch 455I
Federal lien registration, 331.609
Foreign-country money judgments recognition, ch 626B
Fraudulent transfer, ch 684
Fresh pursuit, ch 806
Individual accident and health insurance minimum standards, ch 514D
Individual accident and sickness, ch 514A
Interstate family support, ch 252K
Limited liability companies, ch 489
Limited partnership, ch 488
Mediation, ch 679C
Money services, ch 533C
Partnership, ch 486A
Postconviction procedure, ch 822
Premarital agreement, ch 596
Principal and income, ch 637
Prudent investor, 633A.4301–633A.4309
Prudent management of institutional funds, ch 540A
Rendition of prisoners as witnesses in criminal proceedings, ch 819A
Residential landlord and tenant, ch 562A
Sales and use tax administration, 423.7–423.12
Secure witnesses from without the state, ch 819
Securities, ch 502
Simultaneous death, 633.523–633.528
Testamentary additions to trust, 633.275, 633.276
Trade secrets, ch 550
Transfer on death security registration, ch 633D
Transfers to minors, ch 565B
Unincorporated nonprofit association, ch 501B

UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE
General provisions, ch 554
Acceleration of payment or performance, options in agreements, 554.1309
Acceptance
   Bank deposits and collections, 554.4101
   Negotiable instruments, see subhead Negotiable Instruments below
   Sales, 554.2606
Accessions
   Leases, lessors' and lessees' rights, 554.13310
   Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Accommodation, nonconforming goods offered buyer, 554.2206
Accounts
   Bank deposit accounts, secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured
           Transactions below
   Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections below
   Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Actions
   Bank deposits and collections, conflict of laws, 554.4102
    Defined, 554.1201
    Enforcement of remedies, 554.1305
    Investment securities, evidentiary rules, 554.8115
    Limitation of actions, see subhead Limitation of Actions below
    Replevin under sales, buyer's rights, 554.2711, 554.2716
Administration, remedies, liberal administration, 554.1305
Affirmations, warranties, express warranty by seller, 554.2313
Afternoon defined, bank deposits and collections, 554.4104
Afternoon hour, bank deposits and collections, cutoff time, 554.4108
Age, checks, bank deposits and collections, 554.4404
Agents
    See also subhead Principal and Agent below
    Bank deposits and collections, collecting bank status as agent, 554.4201
    Seller, person in position of, inclusion in definition, 554.2707
Aggrieved party, defined, 554.1201
Agreements
    See also subhead Contracts below
    Bank deposits and collections, variation, 554.4103
    Defined, 554.1201, 554.2106
    Law governing agreements, 554.1301
Agricultural commodities and products
    See also subhead Farm Commodities and Products below
    Sales, see subhead Sales below, thereunder Animals and Unborn Animals; Crops and
            Growing Crops; Livestock and Unborn Livestock
    Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below,
            thereunder Farm Products
    Warehouse receipts for agricultural commodities, 554.7201
Agricultural liens, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Alcoholic beverages, warehouse receipts for, 554.7201
Allocation
    Risk, under sales contract, 554.2303
    Sales, performance, 554.2615, 554.2616
Alteration of instruments
    Bank items, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections below
    Documents of title, 554.7208, 554.7306
    Investment securities, 554.8206
Ancillary obligation or promise, sale contract, remedies for breach, 554.2701
Animals
    Agricultural liens on farm products, see subhead Secured Transactions below, thereunder
            Agricultural Liens
   Leases, see subhead Leases below
   Livestock, see subhead Farm Commodities and Products below
   Sales, see subhead Sales below
   Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below,
            thereunder Livestock and Unborn Livestock
Anticipatory repudiation, sales, see subhead Sales below
Appearance, sales, notice to seller to defend action for breach of warranty against buyer,
        554.2607
Apportionment, sales, delivery of goods, 554.2307
Approval sales, 554.2326, 554.2327
As-extracted collateral in secured transactions, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Assignments
   See also ASSIGNMENTS
   Damages, breach of sales contract, 554.2210
   Letters of credit, 554.5114
   Sales contract, 554.2210
Assortment of goods, sales, buyer's option, 554.2311
At will, acceleration of option at will, 554.1309
Auctions and auctioneers
   See also AUCTIONS AND AUCTIONEERS
   Completion of sale, 554.2328
   Forced sales, 554.2328
   Lots, 554.2328
   Reopen bidding, 554.2328
   Resale by bidder, 554.2706
   Reserve, 554.2328
   Without reserve, 554.2328
Bailments, bailees, and bailors
   See also BAILMENTS
   Documents of title, see subhead Documents of Title below
   Financial asset dealt with by bailee, liability to adverse claimant, 554.8115
   Risk of loss under leases, 554.13219
   Risk of loss under sales, 554.2509
   Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below
   Stoppage of delivery by lessor, 554.13523, 554.13526
   Stoppage of delivery by seller, 554.2703, 554.2705
   Tender of delivery under sales, 554.2503
Bank deposits and collections
   See also BANKS AND BANKING, subhead Deposits
   See also CREDIT UNIONS, subhead Deposits
   See also SAVINGS AND LOAN ASSOCIATIONS, subhead Deposits
   General provisions, 554.4101–554.4504
   Acceptance
        Death of customer, 554.4405
        Defined, 554.4104
        Incompetency of customer, 554.4405
        Notice of holding, 554.4210
        Warranties, 554.4207
   Accounts, defined, 554.4104
   Actions, conflict of laws, 554.4102
   Afternoon, defined, 554.4104
   Afternoon hour, cutoff time, 554.4108
Agency relationship, 554.4201
Age of check, 554.4404
Agreements, variations, 554.4103
Alterations of items
    Duty of customer, 554.4406
    Warranty, customer or collecting bank, 554.4207
Arrest, damages, wrongful dishonor, 554.4402
Banking day, defined, 554.4104
Banks, defined, 554.4105
Branch banks, 554.4107
Breach of warranties, damages, 554.4207
Burden of proof
   Damages, payment after stop payment order, 554.4403
    Reasonable time, 554.4202
Cashier's checks
    See also subhead Negotiable Instruments below
    Settlement of item, 554.4213
Certified checks
    See also subhead Negotiable Instruments below
    Time for presenting, 554.4404
Charge back, 554.4212
Charging items against accounts, 554.4401
Checks
    See also subhead Negotiable Instruments below
    Cashier's checks, see Cashier's Checks under this subhead above
    Certified checks, see Certified Checks under this subhead above
    Payment of checks more than six months old, 554.4404
    Settlement, 554.4213
    Teller's checks, see Teller's Checks under this subhead below
Clearing houses
    Defined, 554.4104
    Provisional settlement for item through, 554.4213
    Return, item received through, 554.4301
    Rules varied by agreement, 554.4103
Closing time, item or deposit received after, 554.4108
Collecting banks
    Care required, 554.4202
    Charge back, 554.4212
    Death of customer, 554.4405
    Defined, 554.4105
    Delay, 554.4108
    Final payment, 554.4213
    Holder in due course, 554.4211
    Incompetence of customer, 554.4405
    Insolvency and preference, 554.4216
    Instructions, 554.4203, 554.4204
   Methods of sending and presenting, 554.4204
   Modification of time limits, 554.4108
   Nonpayment, 554.4202
   Notice of dishonor, 554.4202, 554.4212
   Ordinary care required, 554.4202
   Payments suspended, 554.4214
   Presentment, 554.4202
   Presumption and duration of agency status, 554.4201
   Refund, 554.4212
   Seasonable action, 554.4202
   Security interests of collecting banks, 554.4210, 554.9109, 554.9203, 554.9309,
            554.9322
   Sending direct to payor bank, 554.4204
   Warranties, 554.4207, 554.7508
Communication facilities, delay caused by interruption, 554.4108
Conflict of laws, 554.4102
Conversion, 554.4203
Credits
   Charge back or refund, 554.4212
   Provisional status, 554.4201
   Withdrawal, availability for, 554.4213
Customers
   General provisions, 554.4401–554.4406
   Defined, 554.4104
   Warranties, 554.4207
Damages
   General provisions, 554.4103
   Breach of warranties, 554.4207
   Payment after stop payment order, 554.4403
   Wrongful dishonor, 554.4402
Death of customer, 554.4405
Default, 554.4202
Deferred posting, 554.4301
Definitions, 554.4104, 554.4105
Delays, 554.4109
Demand drafts, warranties, 554.4207, 554.4208
Depositary banks
   Charge back, 554.4214
   Defined, 554.4105
   Final payment, 554.4215
   Holder of unendorsed item, 554.4205
Discharge, damages for breach of warranty, 554.4207
Dishonor
   Documentary draft, 554.4504
   Items not payable at bank, 554.4212
   Notices of dishonor, see Notices of Dishonor under this subhead below
    Presenting bank, collections, 554.4503
    Sending notice, 554.4202
    Time, 554.4301
    Warranties, 554.4207
    Wrongful, damages, 554.4402
Documentary drafts
    General provisions, 554.4501–554.4504
    Defined, 554.4104
    Handling, 554.4501
    Presentment, see Presentment under this subhead below
    Privilege of presenting bank to deal with goods, 554.4504
    Referee, 554.4503
    Report of reasons for dishonor, 554.4503
    Security interests of presenting banks, 554.4504
Drafts
    Defined, 554.4104
    Demand drafts, warranties, 554.4207, 554.4208
    Documentary drafts, see Documentary Drafts under this subhead above
Emergencies, collection of items, delays, 554.4108
Endorsements, 554.4201–554.4205
Expenses, 554.4503, 554.4504
Extension, time limits, 554.4108
Federal reserve regulations, 554.4103
Final payment, 554.4215
Foreign currency, charge back or refund, 554.4214
Holder, acquisition of rights, 554.4201
Holder in due course
    General provisions, 554.4211
    Subrogation of bank, 554.4407
Identity, transferor bank, 554.4206
Incompetence of customer, rights of bank, 554.4405
Insolvency
    General provisions, 554.4202
    Collecting or payor bank, 554.4216
    Warranties of transferor, 554.4207
Instructions
    Documentary drafts, presentment, 554.4503
    Method of sending and presenting instruments, 554.4203, 554.4204
Intermediary banks
    Charge back or refund, 554.4214
    Defined, 554.4105
Investments, securities, application, 554.4102
Items, defined, 554.4104
Late return of item, 554.4302
Liens of presenting banks, 554.4504
Limitation of damages, agreement, 554.4103
Lost or destroyed property, notice to transferor, 554.4202
Methods, sending and presenting, 554.4204
Midnight deadline
   Defined, 554.4104
   Late return of item, 554.4302
   Return of items, 554.4301
   Seasonable action, 554.4202
Misconduct, 554.4202
Mistakes
   General provisions, 554.4202
   Wrongful dishonor, 554.4402
Modification, time limit, 554.4108
Neglect, liability, 554.4202
Negligence, other banks, 554.4202
Nonaction, liability, 554.4102
Nonpayment, collecting bank, 554.4202
Notice, 554.4205, 554.4212
Notices of dishonor
   General provisions, 554.4301
   Collecting bank, 554.4202
   Documentary draft, 554.4501, 554.4503
   Warranties, 554.4207
"On arrival" drafts, presentment, 554.4502
Oral stop payment order, 554.4403
Order, charge or certification of items, 554.4303
Orders, stop payment, 554.4107, 554.4303, 554.4403
Overdraft, charging against account, 554.4401
Payable through or payable at bank, 554.4106
Payments
   Charging against accounts, 554.4401
   Check, time limit for presenting, 554.4404
   Death of customer, 554.4405
   Final payment, 554.4215
   Incompetence of customer, 554.4405
   Nonaction, 554.4102
   Nonbank as payment place, 554.4212
   Nonpayment, collecting bank, 554.4202
   Notice of holding, 554.4212
   Revocation, 554.4301
   Suspended, 554.4216
   Warranties, 554.4207
Payor banks
   Death of customer, 554.4405
   Defined, 554.4105
   Delayed beyond time limits, 554.4108
   Excuse for delay, 554.4108
    Final payment, 554.4215
    Incompetence of customer, 554.4405
    Insolvency, 554.4216
    Late return of item, 554.4302
    Notice, items subject to, 554.4303
    Payments suspended, 554.4216
    Reimbursement, 554.4214
    Revocation of payment, 554.4301
    Sending direct to banks, 554.4204
    Stop orders, 554.4303
    Subrogation, 554.4407
Preferences and preferred claims, 554.4216
Presenting banks
    Defined, 554.4105
    Documentary drafts, see Documentary Drafts under this subhead above
    Security interests and liens of presenting banks, 554.4504
Presenting items, methods, 554.4204
Presentment
    Collecting bank, 554.4202
    Direct to payor bank, 554.4204
    Documentary drafts, 554.4501–554.4504
    Electronic, 554.4110
    Nonaction, 554.4102
    Time limit, check, 554.4404
Presumptions, agency status of collecting bank, 554.4201
Process, items subject to, time, 554.4303
Prosecution, wrongful dishonor, damages, 554.4402
Provisional settlement, 554.4214–554.4216
Proximate cause, damages, wrongful dishonor, 554.4402
Questions of fact, damages caused by wrongful dishonor, 554.4402
Recovery of payment by return of items, 554.4301
Refunds, 554.4214
Reimbursement, payor bank, 554.4214
Restrictive endorsements, 554.4203
Revocation of payment, 554.4301
Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Sending item, method, 554.4204
Setoff
    General provisions, 554.4201
    Payor bank, 554.4303
Settle, defined, 554.4104
Settlement, agency, 554.4201
Settlement of item, 554.4213, 554.4214
Signatures, unauthorized, duty of customer, 554.4406
Standard of care, 554.4103
Stop payment orders, 554.4107, 554.4303, 554.4403
   Subrogation, payor bank, 554.4407
   Suspends payments, defined, 554.4104
   Suspension of payments by collecting or payor bank, 554.4216
   Teller's checks
       See also subhead Negotiable Instruments below
       Settlement, 554.4213
   Time
       General provisions, 554.4108
       Claims, 554.4207
       Damages for breach of warranty, 554.4207
       Dishonor, 554.4301
       Limit for presenting check, 554.4404
       Modification, 554.4108
       Receipt of items, 554.4108
       Seasonable action for collection, 554.4202
       Stop payment orders, 554.4403
   Title, warranties, customer and collecting bank, 554.4207
   Transfer between banks, 554.4206
   Unauthorized signatures, duty of customer, 554.4406
   Value, determination of status as holder in due course, 554.4211
   Variation, agreement, 554.4103
   Waiver, time limits, 554.4108
   War, delay caused by, 554.4108
   Warranties
       General provisions, 554.4207
       Encoding and retention, 554.4209
       Presentment, 554.4208
   Withdrawal, 554.4215
   Wrongful dishonor, damages, 554.4402
Bank deposits and deposit accounts
   Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above
   Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below,
           thereunder Deposit Accounts
Banker's credit, defined, 554.2325
Banking day, defined, 554.4104
Bankruptcy, supplemental principles of law to uniform commercial code, 554.1103
Banks and banking organizations
   See also BANKS AND BANKING
   See also CREDIT UNIONS
   See also SAVINGS AND LOAN ASSOCIATIONS
   See also TRUST COMPANIES
   Branch, defined, 554.1201
   Defined, 554.1201
   Deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above
   Documents of title, delivery, 554.2308
   Funds transfers, see subhead Funds Transfers below
    Letters of credit, see subhead Letters of Credit below
    Negotiable instruments, see subhead Negotiable Instruments below
    Securities intermediaries, see subhead Financial Assets below
Bearer, defined, 554.1201
Between merchants, defined, 554.2104
Beverage, merchantable warranty, 554.2314
Bids, see subhead Auctions and Auctioneers above
Bills of lading and goods covered by bills of lading, see subhead Documents of Title below
Boats covered by certificates of title
    Leases of boats, see subhead Leases below
    Secured transactions and security interests in boats, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Boats, shipping by, see subhead Carriers of Goods below
Bona fide purchasers
    Holders in due course, 554.3302
    Resale by seller, 554.2706
    Seller, right to reclaim goods, 554.2702
    Title to goods, 554.2403
Bonds, see subhead Investment Securities below
Brands and labels, merchantability requirements, 554.2314
Breach, claim or right from, discharge, 554.1306
Breach of contract, see subhead Sales below
Breach of warranty
    Bank deposits and collections, damages, 554.4207
    Sales, see subhead Sales below
Brokers, securities, see subhead Investment Securities below
Burden of establishing a fact, defined, 554.1201
Burden of proof
    Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above
    Lack of good faith, 554.1309
    Nonconformance of goods, 554.2607
    Option to accelerate at will, lack of good faith, 554.1309
    Reasonable time, bank collections, 554.4202
Bus operators, security interests in transmitting utility collateral, see subhead Secured
        Transactions below, thereunder Transmitting Utilities
Buyers and buying
    See also subhead Sales below
    Buyer in ordinary course of business, defined, 554.1201
C. & F. (cost and freight), see subhead Sales below
Cancellation of sales, see subhead Sales below
Captions of sections, part of uniform commercial code, 554.1107
Carriers of goods
    Bills of lading, see subhead Documents of Title below
    F.A.S. (free alongside), 554.2319
    F.O.B. (free on board), 554.2319, 554.2323
    Liens, 554.7307, 554.7308
    Transmitting utilities, security interests in transmitting utility collateral, see subhead Secured
            Transactions below, thereunder Transmitting Utilities
Cashier's checks, see subheads Bank Deposits and Collections above; Negotiable Instruments
        below
Cash sale, title to goods, 554.2403
Catchwords of sections, part of uniform commercial code, 554.1107
Certainty, sale contract, 554.2204
Certificated securities, see subhead Investment Securities below
Certificates of deposit, see subheads Bank Deposits and Collections above; Negotiable
        Instruments below
Certificates of title and goods covered by certificates of title
    Leases of goods, see subhead Leases below
    Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Certified checks, see subheads Bank Deposits and Collections above; Negotiable Instruments
        below
Charge back, bank deposits and collections, 554.4214
Charges, see subhead Rates and Charges below
Chattel mortgages, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Chattel paper, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Checks, see subheads Bank Deposits and Collections above; Negotiable Instruments below
Children and minors
    Irrevocable offer, 554.2205
    Price settlement, 554.2321
Choice of law
    General provisions, 554.1301
    Bank deposits and collections, 554.4102
    Investment securities, 554.8110
    Letters of credit, 554.5116
    Negotiable instruments, 554.3102
    Secured transactions, 554.9301–554.9306
C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight), see subhead Sales below
Clearing corporations
    See also CLEARING CORPORATIONS
    Defined, 554.8102
    Obligations issued to participants, 554.8103
    Rules, effectiveness, 554.8111
Clearing houses, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above
C.O.D. (collect on delivery), inspection of goods, 554.2513
Coercion, supplemental principles of law to uniform commercial code, 554.1103
Collateral
    See also subhead Secured Transactions below
    Requirement, option in agreements, 554.1309
Collecting banks, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above
Collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above
Commercial paper, see subhead Negotiable Instruments below
Commercial unit
   Acceptance of part, 554.2606
   Defined, 554.2105
Commingled goods
   Security interests in commingled goods, 554.9336
   Warehouse-stored goods, 554.7207
Commission, merchant buyer after rejection of goods, 554.2603
Commodity contracts and accounts, see subhead Investment Property below
Communication facilities, bank deposits and collections, delay caused by interruption, 554.4109
Communications utilities, security interests in transmitting utility collateral, see subhead Secured
       Transactions below, thereunder Transmitting Utilities
Computer software, secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured
       Transactions below, thereunder Software
Conditional sales contracts, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Conduct of parties, contract for sale of goods, existence recognized, 554.2204, 554.2207
Confirmation
   Letters of credit, see subhead Letters of Credit below
   Sales contract, additional terms, 554.2207
Confirmed credit, defined, 554.2325
Conflict of laws, see subhead Choice of Law above
Conforming, defined, 554.2106
Consequential damages, 554.1305
Consideration
   Failure as defense, 537A.3
   Firm offers, 554.2205
   Letters of credit, 554.5105
   Sales contract, agreement modifying, 554.2209
   Waiver or relinquishment of claim or right, 554.1306
Consignments, consignees, and consignors
   See also CONSIGNMENTS, CONSIGNEES, AND CONSIGNORS
   Bills of lading, see subhead Documents of Title below
   Goods for sale on consignment, claims by creditors of sellers, 554.2326
   Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Conspicuous, defined, 554.1201
Construction mortgages, see subhead Mortgages below
Consular invoice, prima facie evidence, 554.1307
Consumer, defined, 554.1201
Consumer goods and consumer-goods transactions, secured transactions and security interests,
       see subhead Secured Transactions below
Consumer laws
   Leases, applicability to, 554.13104
   Secured transactions, applicability to, 554.9201
Consumer leases, see subhead Leases below
Consumer transactions, secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured
       Transactions below
Containers, sale warranty, 554.2314
Contracts
   See also subhead Agreements above
   See also CONTRACTS
   Defined, 554.1201
   Sales, see subhead Sales below
Conversion
   Bank deposits and collections, 554.4203
   Sales, merchant buyer, rejected goods, 554.2603, 554.2604
Counterclaims, see subhead Setoff and Counterclaim below
Course of dealing, 554.1303
Course of performance, 554.1303, 554.2202
Cover, defined, 554.2712
Credit
   See also CREDIT
   Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above
   Letters of credit, see subhead Letters of Credit below
   Sales
        Beginning of period, 554.2310
        Reclaiming goods upon insolvency of buyer, 554.2702
Creditors, see subhead Debtors and Creditors below
Credit unions, see subhead Banks and Banking Organizations above
Crimes and offenses
   Forgery, see subhead Forgery below
   Fraud, see subhead Fraud below
Crops, see subheads Agricultural Commodities and Products above; Farm Commodities and
        Products below
Custom and usage
   Notice, offer of evidence of usage, 554.1303
   Sales, see subhead Sales below
   Usage of trade, 554.1303
Customers, bank deposits, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above
Damages
   Arrest, wrongful dishonor of bank item, 554.4402
   Assignment, breach of sales contract, 554.2210
   Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above
   Breach of warranty, 554.2316
   Consequential damages, 554.1305
   Incidental damages, sales, 554.2710
   Penal damages, 554.1305
   Proximate cause, wrongful dishonor, 554.4402
   Sales, see subhead Sales below
   Special damages, 554.1305
   Wrongful dishonor of bank item, 554.4402
Death, bank customer, authority of bank, 554.4405
Debtors and creditors
   Definition of creditor, 554.1201
   Insolvency, seller's remedies, 554.2702
   Sale on approval or return, 554.2326
   Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below
   Unsecured creditors, rights against buyer, 554.2402
Deceit, see subhead Fraud below
Default
   Bank deposits and collections, 554.4202
   Secured transactions, 554.9601–554.9624
Defects in sales, see subhead Sales below
Defendant, defined, 554.1201
Definitions
   General provisions, 554.1201
   Bank deposits and collections, 554.4104, 554.4105
   Documents of title, 554.7102
   Funds transfers, 554.12103–554.12105
   Investment securities, 554.8102
   Letters of credit, 554.5102
   Negotiable instruments, 554.3102
   Sales, 554.2103–554.2106
   Secured transactions, 554.9102
Delays
   Bank collections, 554.4109
   Sales, excuse, 554.2311, 554.2615, 554.2616
Delegation, sales, performance, 554.2210
Delivered weights, C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight) or C. & F. (cost and freight) contracts, basis
        of price, 554.2321
Delivery, defined, 554.1201
Demand drafts
   Bank deposits and collections, warranties, 554.4207, 554.4208
   Negotiable instruments, see subhead Negotiable Instruments below
Depositary banks, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above
Deposits and deposit accounts in banks
   Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above
   Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Deposits, sales, see subhead Sales below
Destroyed property, see subhead Lost or Destroyed Property below
Deterioration of goods
   Buyer's option, 554.2613
   C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight) or C. & F. (cost and freight) contracts, risk on seller,
            554.2321
   "No arrival, no sale" term, goods no longer conforming to contract, 554.2324
   Warehouse-stored goods, right to sell, 554.7206
Diplomatic and consular officers, invoice, prima facie evidence, 554.1307
Discharge
   Bank deposits and collections, damages, breach of warranty, 554.4207
   Claim or right arising out of breach, 554.1306
Dishonor
   Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above
   Checks, payment of instrument, 554.2511
   Letters of credit, see subhead Letters of Credit below
   Negotiable instruments, 554.3501–554.3513
Disputes, evidence of goods, preservation, 554.2515
Distilled spirits, warehouse receipts for, 554.7201
Dock receipts, see subhead Documents of Title below
Dock warrants, see subhead Documents of Title below
Documentary drafts, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above
Documents of title
   See also DOCUMENTS OF TITLE
   See also TITLES (PROPERTY), subhead Warehouse Receipts
   General provisions, 554.7101–554.7603
   Alterations of warehouse receipts and bills of lading, effect of, 554.7208, 554.7306
   Claims to goods, multiple, response by bailees, 554.7603
   Defeat of documents, 554.7205, 554.7503
   Defined, 554.1201
   Deliveries of documents, 554.7501–554.7509
   Deliveries of goods
        Bailees, obligations of, 554.7403, 554.7404
        Carriers, deliveries by, 554.7303
        Diversions, effect of, 554.7504
        Good-faith deliveries, 554.7404
        Stoppages, 554.7504
   Descriptions of goods in documents, 554.7203
   Destination bills, 554.7305
   Destroyed documents, 554.7601, 554.7601A
   Duplicate documents, 554.7402
   Electronic documents
        Control, 554.7106
        Issuance, 554.7105
   Endorsements and endorsers, see Indorsements and Indorsers under this subhead below
   Financial assets, status of documents as, 554.8103(7)
   Form of warehouse receipt, 554.7202
   Holders of documents, rights of, 554.7502
   Indorsements and indorsers
        Compelling indorsement, 554.7506
        Delivery without indorsement, 554.7506
        Liability of indorsers, 554.7505
        Negotiation, 554.7501
   Issuance and issuers
        Obligations on issuers, 554.7401
        Overissues, see Overissues of Documents under this subhead below
        Warehouse receipts, 554.7201
   Lease contracts, adequacy of documents as, 554.7509
   Legal interest before issuance of document, 554.7503
    Letters of credit, adequacy of document as, 554.7509
    Liability of warehouses and carriers, 554.7204
    Liens on goods covered by documents
        Attachment of liens, 554.7602
        Bailees, liens of, satisfaction, 554.7403
        Carriers, liens of, 554.7307, 554.7308
        Warehouses, liens of, 554.7209, 554.7210
    Lost documents, 554.7601, 554.7601A
    Misdescriptions of goods, liability of issuers of documents, 554.7203, 554.7301
    Negotiability, 554.7104
    Negotiation, 554.7501–554.7509
    Nonreceipt of goods, liability of issuers of documents, 554.7203, 554.7301
    Overissues of documents
        Fungible goods, liability of warehouses, 554.7207
        Liability of issuers for overissue, 554.7402
    Sales contracts, adequacy of documents as, 554.7509
    Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below
    Separation of goods kept by warehouses, 554.7207
    Stolen documents, 554.7601, 554.7601A
    Stoppage of delivery
        Exercise of right, 554.7403
        Seller, 554.7504
    Tangible bills of lading, 554.7304
    Terminations of warehouse storage, 554.7206
    Through bills of lading, 554.7302
    Titles to goods under warehouse receipts, defeat of, 554.7205
    Transfers of documents, 554.7501–554.7509
    Warranties
        Intermediaries holding documents, warranties by, 554.7508
        Transferors of documents, warranties by, 554.7507
Drafts
    See also DRAFTS
    Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above
    Delivery of documents, 554.2514
    Demand drafts, see subhead Demand Drafts above
    Documentary drafts, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above
    Negotiable instruments, see subhead Negotiable Instruments below
    Purchases, rights of financing agency, 554.2506
Duress, supplemental principles of law to uniform commercial code, 554.1103
Effective date, 554.10101
Electricity producing and transmitting businesses, security interests in transmitting utility
        collateral, see subhead Secured Transactions below, thereunder Transmitting Utilities
Encumbrances
    Liens, see subhead Liens below
    Mortgages, see subhead Mortgages below
    Secured transactions, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Endorsements and endorsers
    See also subhead Signatures below
    Bank deposits and collections, 554.4201–554.4205
    Documents of title, see subhead Documents of Title above, thereunder Indorsements and
            Indorsers
    Investment securities, see subhead Investment Securities below, thereunder Indorsements
            and Indorsers
    Negotiable instruments, see subhead Negotiable Instruments below
Entrusting, defined, 554.2403
Equipment, see subhead Goods below
Equity, supplemental principles of law to uniform commercial code, 554.1103
Estoppel, supplemental principles of law to uniform commercial code, 554.1103
Evidence
    Burden of proof, see subhead Burden of Proof above
    Consular invoice, 554.1307
    Custom and usage, admissibility, 554.1303
    Market price, sales, 554.2723
    Parol evidence, see subhead Parol Evidence below
    Presumption, defined, 554.1201
    Prevailing prices, sales, 554.2724
    Prima facie evidence, 554.1307
    Sales, see subhead Sales below
    Unconscionable contract or clause, 554.2302
    Usage of trade, 554.1303
Examination of goods
    See also subhead Inspections and Inspectors below
    Buyers, implied warranties, 554.2316
Exclusive dealings, sale agreement, obligations, 554.2306
Excuse, bank deposits and collections, delay by collecting or payor bank, 554.4109
Express warranties, see subhead Warranties below
Ex-ship, goods, delivery, 554.2322
Family, warranties of seller, extension of members, 554.2318
Farm commodities and products
    See also subhead Agricultural Commodities and Products above
    Agricultural liens, see subhead Secured Transactions below
    Definition of farm products, 554.9102
    Sales, see subhead Sales below, thereunder Animals and Unborn Animals; Crops and
            Growing Crops; Livestock and Unborn Livestock
    Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below
F.A.S. (free alongside), 554.2319
Fault, defined, 554.1201
Federal reserve regulations, bank deposits and collections, 554.4103
Filing rules, 554.1110
Filings, recording, 331.606B(4)
Financial assets
    See also subhead Investment Securities below
    Acquisition, 554.8104
    Clearing corporations, see subhead Clearing Corporations above
    Control, 554.8106
    Defined, 554.8102
    Determination rules, 554.8103
    Entitlement orders
        Effectiveness, 554.8107
        Securities intermediary compliance duty, 554.8507
        Warranties to securities intermediary by originator, 554.8109
    Priority of claims between entitlement holders and creditors of securities intermediaries,
            554.8511
    Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below
    Securities accounts
        Defined, 554.8501
        Investment property, see subhead Investment Property below
    Securities intermediaries
        General provisions, 554.8501–554.8511
        Changing holder's position, duty, 554.8508
        Clearing corporations, see subhead Clearing Corporations above
        Defined, 554.8102
        Duties, 554.8504–554.8509
        Entitlement orders, compliance duty, 554.8507
        Exercise of rights as directed, duty, 554.8506
        Financial asset maintenance duties, 554.8504
        Liability to adverse claimant, 554.8115
        Payments and distributions by issuer, duties, 554.8505
        Purchaser for value, 554.8116
        Transfers of accounts to other intermediaries, duty, 554.8508
    Security entitlements and entitlement holders
        General provisions, 554.8501–554.8511
        Acquisition, 554.8501
        Adverse claims asserted against holders, prohibition, 554.8502
        Control of security entitlements, 554.8106
        Debtor's interest, creditor's reach, 554.8112
        Defined, 554.8102
        Entitlement orders, see Entitlement Orders under this subhead above
        Investment property, see subhead Investment Property below
        Priority of claims, 554.8511
        Property interests in financial assets, 554.8503
        Purchasers from entitlement holders, rights, 554.8510
Financial institutions, see subhead Banks and Banking Organizations above
Financing agency, defined, 554.2104
Financing statements, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Firm offers, sales, 554.2205
Fitness, warranties, 554.2314–554.2317
Fixtures
    Leases law, rights of lessors and lessees, 554.13309
    Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below
F.O.B. (free on board), see subhead Sales below
Food, warranty sales, 554.2314
Forced sales, auctions, 554.2328
Foreclosure of security interests and agricultural liens, 554.9601–554.9627
Foreign currency, collecting bank, charge back or refund, 554.4214
Foreign nations, transactions bearing relation to, choice of law, 554.1301
Forgery
    Letters of credit, 554.5109
    Unauthorized signature, defined, 554.1201
Fraud
    Letters of credit, 554.5109
    Sales, see subhead Sales below
    Statute of frauds, see subhead Statute of Frauds below
    Supplemental principles of law to uniform commercial code, 554.1103
Freight, C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight) and C. & F. (cost and freight), definition, 554.2320
Funds transfers
    General provisions, 554.12101–554.12507
    Amendment, see Payment Orders under this subhead below
    Banks
        Beneficiary's bank, defined, 554.12103
        Defined, 554.12105
        Originator's bank, defined, 554.12104
        Receiving bank, defined, 554.12103
    Beneficiaries
        Defined, 554.12103
        Misdescription in payment order, 554.12207
    Beneficiary's banks
        Defined, 554.12103
        Misdescription in payment order, 554.12208
    Cancellation, see Payment Orders under this subhead below
    Consumer transactions excluded, 554.12108
    Creditor process, 554.12502
    Customers, defined, 554.12105
    Defined, 554.12104
    Definitions, 554.12103–554.12105
    Errors, 554.12205
    Federal reserve system regulations, 554.12107
    Governing law, 554.12507
    Interest, 554.12506
    Intermediary banks
        Defined, 554.12104
        Misdescription in payment order, 554.12208
    Originator's banks, defined, 554.12104
    Originators, defined, 554.12104
   Payment orders
       Acceptance, 554.12209
       Amendment
           General provisions, 554.12211
           Receipt, time of, 554.12106
           Security procedures, 554.12201
       Authorized orders, 554.12202
       Cancellation
           General provisions, 554.12211
           Receipt, time of, 554.12106
           Security procedures, 554.12201
       Defined, 554.12103
       Errors, 554.12205
       Execution, 554.12301–554.12305
       Issuance, 554.12201–554.12212
       Payment, 554.12401–554.12406
       Receipt, time, 554.12106
       Rejection, 554.12210
       Security procedures, 554.12201
       Transmission, 554.12206
       Unaccepted orders, liability of receiving bank, 554.12212
       Verified orders
           General provisions, 554.12202
           Unenforceability, 554.12203
   Receiving banks
       Defined, 554.12103
       Execution of payment orders, 554.12301–554.12303
   Senders
       Defined, 554.12103
       Payment obligation, 554.12402, 554.12403
Fungible goods
   Commingling, effect of, 554.7202
   Defined, 554.1201
   Implied warranties, 554.2314
   Merchantability, 554.2314
   Undivided shares, identification, 554.2105
Fungible securities, defined, 554.1201
Future goods
   Defined, 554.2105
   Insurable interest, time of acquisition, 554.2501
Gas
   Sales and sellers, 554.1201(2i), 554.2107
   Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Gas producing and transmitting businesses, security interests in transmitting utility collateral, see
       subhead Secured Transactions below, thereunder Transmitting Utilities
Gender words, reference to other gender, 554.1106
General intangibles, secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured
        Transactions below
Give notice, defined, 554.1201
Good faith
    Accelerate payments or performance, 554.1309
    Bailees, receipt and delivery by, liability, 554.7404
    Defined, 554.1201
    Duties, obligation of, 554.1304
    Obligation, 554.1304
    Purchasers, voidable title, 554.2403
    Rejected goods, duties of buyer, 554.2603
    Sales, specifications for performance, 554.2311
Goods
    See also GOODS
    Bills of lading, see subhead Documents of Title above
    Defined, 554.2105, 554.7102, 554.9102
    Documentary drafts, bank presenting, 554.4503, 554.4504
    Documents of title, see subhead Documents of Title above
    Leases, see subhead Leases below
    Sales, see subhead Sales below
    Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below
    Warehouse receipts, see subhead Documents of Title above
Growing crops, see subheads Agricultural Commodities and Products; Farm Commodities and
        Products above
Guests, seller's warranty extending to, 554.2318
Headnotes of sections, part of uniform commercial code, 554.1107
Holders, defined, 554.1201
Holders in due course, 554.3302
Household, seller's warranties, extensions to members of household, 554.2318
Identification
    Defined, 554.2501
    Purchaser, rights of transferor, 554.2403
Implied repeal, construction, 554.1104
Implied warranties, see subhead Warranties below
Indefiniteness, sale contracts, validity, 554.2204
Indorsements and indorsers
    Documents of title, see subhead Documents of Title above
    Investment securities, see subhead Investment Securities below
    Signatures, see subhead Signatures below
Infants, see subhead Children and Minors above
Infringement, claims, duties, of buyer, 554.2607
Insolvency proceedings, defined, 554.1201
Insolvent, defined, 554.1201
Inspections and inspectors
    See also subhead Examination of Goods above
    Certificates, prima facie evidence, 554.1307
    Resale of goods, right of inspection, 554.2706
Installment contract, defined, 554.2612
Insurable interest, sales, buyer, 554.2501
Insurance
    Buyer under sales, 554.2501
    C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight), sales, 554.2320
    Documents evidencing insurance, authenticity and genuineness, 554.1307
    Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Intangibles, secured transactions, see subhead Secured Transactions below, thereunder General
        Intangibles
Intermediary banks
    Bank deposits and collections, defined, 554.4105
    Restrictive endorsements, transfer, effect, 554.4205
    Unpaid items, charge back, 554.4214
Intoxicating liquors, warehouse receipts for, 554.7201
Inventory, secured transactions, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Investment property
    See also subhead Investment Securities below
    Defined, 554.9102
    Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Investment securities
    See also subheads Financial Assets; Investment Property above
    See also SECURITIES
    General provisions, 554.8101–554.8511
    Accounts, see subhead Financial Assets above
    Acquisition, 554.8104
    Actions, evidentiary rules, 554.8114
    Bank deposits and collections, applicability of investment securities law, 554.4102
    Bearer form, defined, 554.8102
    Brokers
        Defined, 554.8102
        Liability to adverse claimant, 554.8115
    Certificated securities
        Control, 554.8106
        Debtor's interest, reach by creditor's legal process, 554.8112
        Defined, 554.8102
        Endorsement, see Indorsements and Indorsers under this subhead below
        Evidentiary rules, 554.8114
        Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below,
                thereunder Financial Assets; Investment Property
    Certificates, defined, 554.8102
    Choice of law, 554.8110
    Claims
        Adverse, notice of, 554.8105
        Liability of securities intermediary, 554.8115
    Clearing corporations, see subhead Clearing Corporations above
Conflict of laws, 554.1301
Contracts for sales, statute of frauds inapplicability, 554.8113
Control, 554.8106
Debtor's property, reach by creditor's legal process, 554.8112
Definitions, 554.8102
Delivery of securities, 554.8301
Destroyed certificates, notification and replacement, 554.8405, 554.8406
Determination, 554.8103
Endorsements and endorsers, see Indorsements and Indorsers under this subhead below
Entitlements, entitlement holders, and entitlement orders, see subhead Financial Assets
        above
Indorsements and indorsers
    General provisions, 554.8304
    Defined, 554.8102
    Effectiveness of indorsement, 554.8107
    Guarantee, effect, 554.8306
    Warranties by indorsers, 554.8108
Instructions
    General provisions, 554.8305
    Defined, 554.8102
    Effectiveness, 554.8107
    Guarantee, effect, 554.8306
    Warranties to purchaser, 554.8108
Intermediaries, see subhead Financial Assets above, thereunder Securities Intermediaries
Investment company securities, 554.8103
Issue and issuers of securities
    General provisions, 554.8201–554.8210
    Agents, obligations, 554.8407
    Defined, 554.8201
    Overissue, 554.8210
    Registration duties, see Registration of Securities under this subhead below
Law applicable, 554.1301
Liens by issuers, validity, 554.8209
Lost certificates, notification and replacement, 554.8405, 554.8406
Overissue, 554.8210
Protected purchasers of securities, see Purchases and Purchasers of Securities under this
        subhead below
Purchases and purchasers of securities
    See also Sales of Securities; Transfers and Transferors of Securities under this subhead
            below
    Delivery, 554.8301
    Protected purchasers
        Defined and rights, 554.8303
        Priority over security interests, 554.9331
    Requisites for registration, purchaser's right, 554.8307
    Rights acquired, 554.8302
       Securities entitlement purchasers, rights, 554.8510
       Securities intermediaries, see subhead Financial Assets above
       Warranties, see Warranties under this subhead below
   Registered form, defined, 554.8102
   Registration of securities
       General provisions, 554.8401–554.8407
       Agents for issuers, obligations, 554.8407
       Demand to not register transfer, 554.8403
       Indorsements and instructions, assurances of effectiveness, 554.8402
       Issuer's duty, 554.8401
       Wrongful, issuer's liability, 554.8404
   Sales of securities
       See also Purchases and Purchasers of Securities under this subhead above; Transfers
               and Transferors of Securities under this subhead below
       Statute of frauds applicability, 554.8113
   Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below,
           thereunder Financial Assets; Investment Property
   Securities accounts, see subhead Financial Assets above
   Securities intermediaries, see subhead Financial Assets above
   Security entitlements and entitlement holders, see subhead Financial Assets above
   Signature, see Indorsements and Indorsers under this subhead above
   Statute of frauds, applicability, 554.8113
   Stolen certificates, notification and replacement, 554.8405, 554.8406
   Transfers and transferors of securities
       See also Purchases and Purchasers of Securities; Sales of Securities under this subhead
               above
       Indorsements, see Indorsements and Indorsers under this subhead above
       Instructions, see Instructions under this subhead above
       Registration of securities, see Registration of Securities under this subhead above
       Requisites for registration, purchaser's rights, 554.8307
       Restriction by issuer, effectiveness, 554.8204
       Warranties to purchaser, 554.8108
   Uncertificated securities
       Control, 554.8106
       Debtor's interest, reach by creditor, 554.8112
       Defined, 554.8102
       Instructions, see Instructions under this subhead above
       Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below,
               thereunder Financial Assets; Investment Property
   Warranties
       In direct holding, 554.8108
       In indirect holding, 554.8109
       Signers, 554.8208
Invoices
   C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight) and C. & F. (cost and freight) terms, preparation by seller,
           554.2320
   Consular invoice, prima facie evidence, 554.1307
Labels, 554.2314
Laches, investment securities, 554.8203
Land, see subhead Real Property below
Law merchant, supplemental principles of law to uniform commercial code, 554.1103
Leases
   See also LEASES
   General provisions, 554.13101–554.13532
   Acceptance of goods
       General provisions, 554.13515
       Effect, 554.13516
       Revocation of acceptance
           General provisions, 554.13517
           Damages, measure of, 554.13519
           Lessees' rights on revocation, 554.13508
           Wrongful, lessor's remedies, 554.13523
   Accessions, lessors' and lessees' rights, 554.13310
   Alteration, 554.13208, 554.13406
   Animals and unborn animals
       Goods definition, 554.13103
       Identification of goods covered by lease, 554.13217
   Attachment, liens of creditors of lessees under, priority, 554.13307
   Boats and vessels covered by certificates of title
       Applicable law, 554.13105
       Leases subject to certificate of title statutes, 554.13104
       Subleases, rights of lessee, 554.13305
       Subsequent leases, rights of lessee, 554.13304
   Cancellation
       Default, rights and remedies of lessees and lessors, see Default under this subhead below
       Defined, 554.13103
       Effect, 554.13505
   Casualty to goods, effect on lease contract, 554.13221
   Certificates of title and goods covered by certificates of title
       See also CERTIFICATES OF TITLE
       Applicable law, 554.13105
       Leases subject to certificate of title statutes, 554.13104
       Subleases, rights of lessee, 554.13305
       Subsequent leases, rights of lessee, 554.13304
   Construction mortgages, priority over lessor's interest in fixtures, 554.13309
   Consumer leases
       See also CONSUMER CREDIT CODE
       Defined, 554.13103
       Law applicable and judicial forum, 554.13106
       Unconscionability, 554.13108
   Contracts
       General provisions, 554.13101–554.13311
   Default, see Default under this subhead below
   Enforceability, 554.13201, 554.13301
   Formation, 554.13204
   Installment lease contracts, 554.13103
   Modification, 554.13208
   Offers, 554.13205, 554.13206
   Performance, see Performance under this subhead below
   Recision, 554.13208
   Repudiation, 554.13401–554.13403
   Seals inoperative, 554.13203
   Statute of frauds, 554.13201
   Unconscionability, 554.13108
   Waiver, 554.13208
Creditors
   Enforceability of lease contracts, 554.13301
   Liens held by creditors, priority, 554.13307
   Special rights, 554.13308
Damages
   Lessee's damages, measure of, 554.13519
   Lessee's incidental and consequential damages, 554.13520
   Lessor's damages, measure of, 554.13528
   Lessor's incidental damages, 554.13520
   Liquidation, 554.13504
Default
   General provisions, 554.13501–554.13532
   Cancellation of lease contract, 554.13103
   Claims and rights arising under default, discharge, 554.13107
   Cover by lessee, 554.13518
   Damages, see Damages under this subhead above
   Limitation of actions, 554.13506
   Rights and remedies
        General provisions, 554.13503
        Lessee's default, lessor's remedies, 554.13523–554.13530, 554.13532
        Lessor's default, lessee's remedies, 554.13508–554.13522
   Risk of loss, effect on, 554.13220
   Statute of limitations, 554.13506
   Substitute goods, 554.13518
   Third parties, damage to goods, lessor's and lessee's rights of action, 554.13531
Definitions, 554.13103
Delivery of goods
   Stoppage, 554.13526
   Substituted performance, 554.13404
Encumbrances, fixtures, rights of lessors and lessees, 554.13309
Finance leases
   Defined, 554.13103
   Promises of lessee, irrevocable and independent, 554.13407
    Risk of loss, passage to lessee, 554.13219
    Supply contracts, benefits extension to lessee, 554.13209
Fixtures, rights of lessors and lessees, 554.13309
Goods
    Acceptance, see Acceptance of Goods under this subhead above
    Accessions, rights of lessors and lessees, 554.13310
    Defined, 554.13103
    Disposal by lessor after lessee's default, 554.13527
    Fixtures, rights of lessors and lessees, 554.13310
    Identification, see Identification of Goods under this subhead below
    Possession, 554.13302
    Recovery when lessor insolvent, 554.13522
    Rejection, see Rejection of Goods under this subhead below
    Title, 554.13302
Identification of goods
    General provisions, 554.13217
    Lessee's default, lessor's right, 554.13524
Insolvent lessee, lessor's right to possession of goods, 554.13525
Insolvent lessor, recovery of goods by lessee, 554.13522
Insurable interests and insurance, 554.13218
Leasehold interest, defined, 554.13103
Lessees
    Default, see Default under this subhead above
    Defined, 554.13103
Lessors
    Default, see Default under this subhead above
    Defined, 554.13103
Liens
    Creditors' liens, priority, 554.13307
    Priority over lessor's or lessee's interest, 554.13306
Lots
    Defined, 554.13103
    Revocation of acceptance by lessees, 554.13517
Manufactured and mobile homes covered by certificates of title
    Applicable law, 554.13105
    Leases subject to certificate of title statutes, 554.13104
    Subleases, rights of lessee, 554.13305
    Subsequent leases, rights of lessee, 554.13304
Modification, 554.13208, 554.13406
Motor vehicles covered by certificates of title
    Applicable law, 554.13105
    Leases subject to certificate of title statutes, 554.13104
    Subleases, rights of lessee, 554.13305
    Subsequent leases, rights of lessee, 554.13304
Nondelivery, measure of damages, 554.13519
Offers, 554.13205
Payment
    Acceleration at will, option, 554.13109
    Substituted performance, 554.13404
Performance
    Acceleration at will, option, 554.13109
    Excused, 554.13405, 554.13406
    Specific performance, lessee's right, 554.13521
    Substituted, 554.13404
Purchase money leases of fixtures, priority over other interests, 554.13309
Recision
    General provisions, 554.13208
    Effect, 554.13505
Rejection of goods
    Damages, measure of, 554.13519
    Lessees' rights on rejection, 554.13508
    Preclusion, 554.13516
    Wrongful, lessor's remedies, 554.13523
Remedies, see Default under this subhead above
Rent
    Lessor's action for rent, 554.13529
    Payment for accepted goods, 554.13516
Replevin, lessee's right, 554.13521
Repudiation, damages, measure of, 554.13519
Residual interest in goods
    Defined, 554.13103
    Lessor's rights, 554.13532
Revocation of acceptance of goods, see Acceptance of Goods under this subhead above
Risk of loss, 554.13219, 554.13220
Secured transactions and security interests in goods
    See also subhead Secured Transactions below
    Lessees' security interests after rejection or revocation of acceptance of goods, 554.13508
    Priority of security interests, 554.13307
Specific performance, lessee's right, 554.13521
Statute of frauds, 554.13201
Subleases
    General provisions, 554.13305
    Defined, 554.13103
Supply contracts
    Benefits to lessee, 554.13209
    Defined, 554.13103
Termination
    Default, rights and remedies of lessees and lessors, see Default under this subhead above
    Defined, 554.13103
    Effect, 554.13505
Unborn animals, see Animals and Unborn Animals under this subhead above
Unconscionability, finding and relief, 554.13108
    Vehicles covered by certificates of title, see Motor Vehicles Covered by Certificates of Title
            under this subhead above
    Vessels covered by certificates of title, see Boats and Vessels Covered by Certificates of Title
            under this subhead above
    Waiver, 554.13208
    Warranties
        General provisions, 554.13210–554.13216
        Breaches of warranty
            Claims and right arising from breaches, discharge of, 554.13107
            Damages from breaches, measure of, 554.13519
        Cumulation and conflict, resolution, 554.13215
        Exclusion, requirements, 554.13214
        Express warranties by lessor, 554.13210
        Fitness, 554.13213
        Interference and infringement, 554.13211
        Merchantability, 554.13212
        Modification, requirements, 554.13214
        Third-party beneficiaries, 554.13216
Lessees and lessors, see subhead Leases above
Letters of credit
    See also LETTERS OF CREDIT
    General provisions, 554.5101–554.5118
    Actions to enforce, 554.5115, 554.5116
    Advice and advisers
        Defined, 554.5102
        Requirements, 554.5104
        Rights and obligations of advisers, 554.5107
    Amendment
        Effect of amendment, 554.5106
        Requirements, 554.5104, 554.5105
    Applicants, subrogation rights, 554.5117
    Assignment of proceeds, 554.5114
    Beneficiaries, defined, 554.5102
    Cancellation
        Effect of cancellation, 554.5106
        Requirements, 554.5104, 554.5105
    Collateral, security interests in, see Documents Presented under Letters of Credit, Security
            Interests of Issuers or Nominated Persons; Proceeds and Rights to Proceeds under
            this subhead below
    Confirmation and confirmers
        Defined, 554.5102
        Requirements, 554.5104
        Rights and obligations of confirmers, 554.5107
    Consideration, not required, 554.5105
    Definitions, 554.5102
    Dishonor
       Defined, 554.5102
       Sales contract term, 554.2325
       Wrongful, remedies, 554.5111
   Documents of title, adequacy as letters of credit, 554.7509
   Documents presented under letters of credit, security interests of issuers or nominated
           persons
       General provisions, 554.5118
       Secured transactions, 554.9109, 554.9203, 554.9309, 554.9322
   Duration, 554.5106
   Expiration, 554.5106
   Honor, defined, 554.5102
   Issuance and issuers
       Effect of issuance, 554.5106
       Requirements, 554.5104, 554.5105
       Rights and obligations of issuers, 554.5108, 554.5118
       Subrogation rights, 554.5117
   Letter-of-credit rights, security interests, see Documents Presented under Letters of Credit,
           Security Interests of Issuers or Nominated Persons, under this subhead above;
           Proceeds and Rights to Proceeds under this subhead below
   Nominated persons
       Defined, 554.5102
       Rights and obligations, 554.5107, 554.5118
       Subrogation rights, 554.5117
   Proceeds and rights to proceeds
       Assignments, 554.5114
       Secured transactions, see subhead Secured Transactions below
   Requirements, 554.5104
   Sales contract term, 554.2325
   Secured transactions and security interests in letters of credit, see Documents Presented
           under Letters of Credit, Security Interests of Issuers or Nominated Persons; Proceeds
           and Rights to Proceeds under this subhead above
   Subrogation, 554.5117
   Transfer
       General provisions, 554.5112
       Operation of law, 554.5113
       Requirements, 554.5104, 554.5105
   Warranties, 554.5110
Liens
   Agricultural liens, see subhead Secured Transactions below
   Bailees, liens of, see subhead Documents of Title above, thereunder Liens on Goods Covered
           by Documents
   Bank deposits and collections, liens of presenting banks, 554.4504
   Carriers, liens of, see subhead Documents of Title above, thereunder Liens on Goods
           Covered by Documents
   Documents of title, goods covered by, see subhead Documents of Title above
   Investment securities issuers, liens of, validity, 554.8209
   Leases, see subhead Leases above
   Sales, see subhead Sales below
   Secured transactions, see subhead Secured Transactions below
   Warehouses, liens of, see subhead Documents of Title above, thereunder Liens on Goods
            Covered by Documents
Limitation of actions
   Bank deposits and collections, unauthorized signature or alteration, 554.4406
   Sales, 554.2725
Livestock, see subhead Farm Commodities and Products above
Lost or destroyed property
   Bank deposits and collections, notice to transferor, 554.4202
   Documents of title, 554.7601, 554.7601A
   Investment securities, replacement, 554.8405
   Risk of loss, see subhead Risk of Loss below
   Sales, payment, time, 554.2321
Lots, see subheads Leases above; Sales below
Manufactured homes
   Leases of homes covered by certificates of title, see subhead Leases above
   Secured transactions and security interests in homes, see subhead Secured Transactions
            below
Market price, 554.2713, 554.2723
Market quotations, evidence, admissibility, 554.2724
Memorandum, sales, contract for sale, 554.2201
Merchantability, sales, implied warranty, 554.2314
Merchant, defined, 554.2104
Minerals
   Sales and sellers, 554.1201(2i), 554.2107
   Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Minors, see subhead Children and Minors above
Misconduct, bank deposits and collections, 554.4202
Misrepresentation, see subhead Fraud above
Mistakes, supplemental principles of law to uniform commercial code, 554.1103
Mobile homes covered by certificates of title
   Leases of homes, see subhead Leases above, thereunder Manufactured and Mobile Homes
            Covered by Certificates of Title
   Secured transactions and security interests in homes, see subhead Secured Transactions
            below, thereunder Manufactured Homes, Manufactured-Home Transactions, and
            Mobile Homes
Models, see subhead Sales below
Money
   See also MONEY
   Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above
   Defined, 554.1201
   Funds transfers, see subhead Funds Transfers above
   Negotiable instruments, see subhead Negotiable Instruments below
   Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Mortgages
   See also MORTGAGES
   Construction mortgages
       Priority over lessor's interest in fixtures, 554.13309
       Priority over security interests, 554.9334
   Defined, 554.9102
   Secured transactions, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Motor vehicles covered by certificates of title
   Leases of vehicles, see subhead Leases above
   Secured transactions and security interests in vehicles, see subhead Secured Transactions
           below
Motor vehicles, shipping by, see subhead Carriers of Goods above
Negligence, bank deposits and collections, other banks, 554.4202
Negotiable instruments
   See also NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS
   General provisions, 554.3101–554.3605
   Acceptance and acceptors
       Cause of action against acceptor, 554.3118
       Defined, 554.3103, 554.3409
       Mistake, 554.3418
       Obligation of acceptor, 554.3413
       Varying from terms, 554.3410
   Accommodation parties, obligation, 554.3419
   Accord and satisfaction, 554.3311
   Alteration
       Defined, 554.3407
       Negligence contributing to alteration, allocation of loss, 554.3406
   Antedating, 554.3113
   Bearer, payable to, 554.3109
   Breach, notice of action to third parties, 554.3119
   Cancellation, discharge by, 554.3604
   Cashier's checks
       See also subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above
       Defined, 554.3104
       Destroyed, lost, or stolen, claims for amount, 554.3312
       Issuer's obligations, 554.3412
       Payment, refusal, 554.3411
   Certificates of deposit
       Cause of action against obligor, 554.3118
       Defined, 554.3104
   Certified checks
       See also subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above
       Acceptance, 554.3409
       Defined, 554.3409
       Destroyed, lost, or stolen, claims for amount, 554.3312
       Payment, refusal, 554.3411
Checks
   See also subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above
   Cashier's checks, see Cashier's Checks under this subhead above
   Certified checks, see Certified Checks under this subhead above
   Defined, 554.3104
   Teller's checks, see Teller's Checks under this subhead below
   Traveler's checks, defined, 554.3104
Contradictory terms, 554.3114
Conversion, 554.3420
Date, 554.3113
Defined, 554.3104
Demand drafts
   Defined, 554.3104
   Warranties, 554.3416, 554.3417
Destroyed instruments
   Cashier's checks, certified checks, and teller's checks, claim for amount, 554.3312
   Enforcement, 554.3309
Discharge and payment, 554.3601–554.3605
Dishonor, 554.3501–554.3513
Documents of title, see subhead Documents of Title above
Drafts
   Acceptance and acceptors, see Acceptance and Acceptors under this subhead above
   Defined, 554.3104
   Drawees, see Drawees under this subhead below
   Drawers, see Drawers under this subhead below
Drawees
   Acceptance, see Acceptance and Acceptors under this subhead above
   Defined, 554.3103
   Liability on unaccepted draft, 554.3408
Drawers
   Cause of action against, 554.3118
   Defined, 554.3103
   Obligation, 554.3414
Employees, fraudulent endorsements by, employer's responsibility, 554.3405
Endorsements and endorsers
   General provisions, 554.3204–554.3206
   Cause of action against, 554.3118
   Employees, fraudulent endorsements by, employer's responsibility, 554.3405
   Obligation, 554.3415
Enforcement, 554.3301–554.3312
Fiduciaries, breach of duty, notice to takers of instruments, 554.3307
Holders in due course
   General provisions, 554.3302
   Priority over security interests, 554.9331
Identification, 554.3110
Incomplete instruments, definition, alteration, and enforcement, 554.3115
Indorsements and indorsers, see Endorsements and Endorsers under this subhead above
Interest, provision in instrument, 554.3112
Issue and issuers
    Defined, 554.3105
    Obligation, 554.3412
Liability of parties
    General provisions, 554.3401–554.3420
    Joint and several liability, 554.3116
Lost instruments
    Cashier's checks, certified checks, and teller's checks, claim for amount, 554.3312
    Enforcement, 554.3309
Makers
    Cause of action against, 554.3118
    Defined, 554.3103
Negotiation
    Defined, 554.3201
    Recision, 554.3202
Notes
    Defined, 554.3104
    Issue and issuers, see Issue and Issuers under this subhead above
Orders
    Defined, 554.3103
    Unconditional, 554.3106
Overdue, 554.3304
Parties
    Defined, 554.3103
    Liability, see Liability of Parties under this subhead above
Payable at definite time, 554.3108
Payable in foreign money, 554.3107
Payable on demand, 554.3108
Payable to bearer, 554.3109
Payable to order, 554.3109
Payees
    Identification, 554.3110
    Imposters and fictitious persons, 554.3404
Payment
    General provisions, 554.3602
    Mistake, 554.3418
    Place, 554.3111
    Tender of payment, 554.3603
Postdating, 554.3113
Presentment
    General provisions, 554.3501
    Warranties to drawees, 554.3417
Promises
    Defined, 554.3103
        Unconditional, 554.3106
    Reacquisition, 554.3207
    Remitters, defined, 554.3103
    Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below
    Signatures
        General provisions, 554.3401
        Endorsements, see Endorsements and Endorsers under this subhead above
        Forged, negligence contributing to, allocation of loss, 554.3406
        Proof, 554.3308
        Representatives, 554.3402
        Unauthorized, 554.3403
    Stolen instruments
        Cashier's checks, certified checks, and teller's checks, claim for amount, 554.3312
        Enforcement, 554.3309
    Teller's checks
        See also subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above
        Defined, 554.3104
        Destroyed, lost, or stolen, claims for amount, 554.3312
    Transfers
        General provisions, 554.3203
        Warranties to transferees, 554.3416
    Traveler's checks
        See also TRAVELER'S CHECKS
        Defined, 554.3104
    Unconditional promises and orders, 554.3106
    Warranties
        Presentment warranties, 554.3417
        Transfer warranties, 554.3416
Negotiation
    Documents of title, 554.7501–554.7509
    Negotiable instruments, see subhead Negotiable Instruments above
Net landed weight, sales, C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight) or C. & F. (cost and freight) contracts,
        payment, 554.2321
Nonconforming goods, see subhead Sales below
Nonpayment, collecting bank, 554.4202
Notes, see subhead Negotiable Instruments above
Notices of dishonor
    Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above
    Negotiable instruments, 554.3503
Notifies, defined, 554.1201
Oaths, warranties, express warranty by seller, 554.2313
Objections, sales, waiver of buyer's objections to defects, 554.2605
Offers, 554.2203–554.2207
Oil
    Sales and sellers, 554.1201(2i), 554.2107
    Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Opinion, express warranties, creation, 554.2313
Orders
    Bank deposits and collections, charge or certification of items, 554.4303
    Negotiable instruments, see subhead Negotiable Instruments above
    Stop payment
        Bank deposits and collections, 554.4303, 554.4403
        Branch banks, 554.4107
Organization, defined, 554.1201
Output, sales, measure of quantity, 554.2306
Overdraft, bank deposits and collections, 554.4401
Overissue
    Documents of title, see subhead Documents of Title above
    Investment securities, 554.8210
Overseas, defined, 554.2323
Overseas shipments, bill of lading required, 554.2323
Parol evidence
    Contract for sale, 554.2202
    Sale or return, 554.2326
Partial performance, usage of trade, interpretation of agreement, 554.1303
Part interest, sales, 554.2105
Party, defined, 554.1201
Pawnbrokers, buyer in the ordinary course of business, defined, 554.1201
Payment orders, see subhead Funds Transfers above
Payor bank, defined, 554.4105
Penal damages, restrictions, 554.1305
Perfection of security interests and agricultural liens, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Performance, 554.1308, 554.1309
Petroleum, see subhead Oil above
Pipelines, security interests in transmitting utility collateral, see subhead Secured Transactions
        below, thereunder Transmitting Utilities
Plural words, inclusion of singular, 554.1106
Preferred claims, bank deposits and collections, 554.4216
Presentation and presenter, letters of credit, defined, 554.5102
Presenting bank, defined, bank deposits and collections, 554.4105
Presentment
    Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above
    Negotiable instruments, see subhead Negotiable Instruments above
Present sale, defined, 554.2106
Present value, defined, 554.1201
Presumption of and presumed fact, 554.1206
Price, see subhead Sales below
Prima facie evidence, 554.1307
Principal and agent
    See also subhead Agents above
    See also PRINCIPALS AND AGENTS
    Supplemental principles of law to uniform commercial code, 554.1103
Priority of security interests and agricultural liens, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Proceedings, see subhead Actions above
Promissory notes, see subhead Negotiable Instruments above
Prosecution, bank deposits and collections, damages for wrongful dishonor, 554.4402
Protests, reservation of rights by use of words, 554.1308
Provisional settlement, 554.4214–554.4216
Proximate cause, damages, wrongful dishonor, 554.4402
Public-finance transactions, secured transactions, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Purchase, defined, 554.1201
Purchase money leases of fixtures, priority over other interests, 554.13309
Purchase-money security interests, secured transactions, see subhead Secured Transactions
        below
Purchaser, defined, 554.1201
Questions of fact
    Course of dealing, 554.1303
    Damages caused by wrongful dishonor, 554.4402
    Usage of trade, 554.1303
Quota, sales, 554.2615, 554.2616
Railroad operators, security interests in transmitting utility collateral, see subhead Secured
        Transactions below, thereunder Transmitting Utilities
Railroads, shipping by, see subhead Carriers of Goods above
Rates and charges
    Collecting bank, charge back, 554.4214
    Payor bank, charge of customer's account, 554.4401
Ratification, sales, acceptance of goods, 554.2606
Real estate, see subhead Real Property below
Real property
    Fixtures, see subhead Fixtures above
    Goods severed from realty, sales law applicability, 554.2107
    Sales price of goods, payable in realty, 554.2304
    Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Receipt of goods
    Defined, 554.2103
    Delivery under C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight) and C. & F. (cost and freight) terms, 554.2320
    Delivery under F.A.S. (free alongside) terms, 554.2319
Receivers, creditors, defined, 554.1201
Receives notice, defined, 554.1201
Reclamation, goods, seller's remedy on discovery of buyer's insolvency, 554.2702
Records
    Definition of record, 554.1201
    Filing and indexing rules, 554.1110
Recoupment, actions, defined, 554.1201
Redemption of collateral, rights of debtor under secured transactions law, 554.9623
Referees, bank deposits and collections, dishonor, 554.4503
Refunds, bank deposits and collections, 554.4214
Remedy
    Defined, 554.1201
    Liberal administration, 554.1305
Replevin under sales, buyer's right, 554.2711, 554.2716
Representative, defined, 554.1201
Requirements, sales, output measured by requirements of buyer, 554.2306
Reserve, auctions, 554.2328
Residence, goods, place of delivery, 554.2308
Rights, defined, 554.1201
Risk of loss
    Leases, 554.13219
    Sales, 554.2509
Sales
    See also subhead Buyers and Buying above
    See also SALES
    General provisions, 554.2101–554.2725
    Acceptance
        General provisions, 554.2206, 554.2606
        Additional terms, 554.2207
        Assurance of future performance, 554.2609
        Conditional, 554.2207
        Damages
            Nonacceptance, 554.2708
            Nonconformity of tender, 554.2714
        Defined, 554.2606
        Draft, documents delivered, 554.2514
        Improper delivery, 554.2601
        Inspection of goods, 554.2513
        Nonconforming goods, 554.2206
        Nonconformity of tender, 554.2714
        Obligation of buyer, 554.2301
        Part of unit, 554.2606
        Payment
            General provisions, 554.2607
            Before inspection, 554.2512
        Rejection precluded, 554.2607
        Sale on approval, 554.2327
        Substituted performance, 554.2614
        Written confirmation, 554.2207
    Actions
        Good faith conduct, buyer, 554.2603
        Limitation of actions, 554.2725
        Price, 554.2709
        Replevin, 554.2716
        Specific performance
            General provisions, 554.2711, 554.2716
            Unconscionable contract or clause, 554.2302
    Third party actions, 554.2722
Admissions, oral contract, 554.2201
Affirmation of fact, express warranty, 554.2313
Agent, position of seller, 554.2707
Agreement
    Defined, 554.2106
    Limitations of actions, 554.2725
Agricultural commodities and products, see Animals and Unborn Animals; Crops and
        Growing Crops; Livestock and Unborn Livestock under this subhead below
Allocation
    Delay in performance, 554.2616
    Performance, 554.2615
    Risk, shifting, 554.2303
Ancillary promises, breach, 554.2701
Animals and unborn animals
    See also Livestock and Unborn Livestock under this subhead below
    Goods definition, 554.2105
    Insurable interest, 554.2501
    Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below,
            thereunder Livestock and Unborn Livestock
Anticipatory repudiation
    Market price, 554.2723
    Performance not due, 554.2610
    Retraction, 554.2611
Appearance, notice to seller to defend action for breach of warranty against buyer, 554.2607
Application of law, 554.2102
Apportionment of price, lots, 554.2307
Approval, sales on, 554.2326, 554.2327
Assignment of rights, 554.2210
Assortment of goods, option, 554.2311
Assurance of due performance, 554.2609
Auctions, see subhead Auctions and Auctioneers above
Bailee in possession
    Acknowledgment goods held for buyer, 554.2705
    Risk of loss, 554.2509
    Tender of delivery, 554.2503
Banker's credit, defined, 554.2325
Between merchants
    Assurance of performance, 554.2609
    Contract for sale, 554.2201
    Defined, 554.2104
    Modification of contract, 554.2209
    Recision of contract, see Recision under this subhead below
Beverage, merchantable warranty, 554.2314
Bills of lading, see subhead Documents of Title above
Bona fide purchaser
   Resale by seller, 554.2706
   Seller's right to reclaim goods, 554.2702
   Title, 554.2403
Brands and labels, merchantability, requirements, 554.2314
Breach of contract
   Collateral contract, 554.2701
   Damages, assignment, 554.2210
   Deduction of damages from price, 554.2717
   Delegation of duty, 554.2210
   Letter of credit, 554.2325
   Limitation of actions, 554.2725
Breach of warranty
   Consequential damages, 554.2715
   Damages, 554.2316, 554.2714
   Incidental damages, 554.2715
   Notice to seller, 554.2607
   Personal injury, 554.2318
Burden of proof, conformance, 554.2607
Buyers
   Acceptance, 554.2301
   Acceptance of goods, 554.2606
   Assignment of rights, 554.2210
   Cover, 554.2711
   Defined, 554.2103
   Deterioration of goods, option, 554.2613
   Insolvency of seller, 554.2502
   Insolvency, remedy of seller, 554.2702
   Inspection, 554.2513
   Insurable interest, 554.2501
   Limited interest, 554.2403
   Merchant buyer, rejection, duties, 554.2603
   Objections, waiver, 554.2605
   Obligations, exclusive dealings, 554.2301, 554.2306
   Perishable goods rejected, 554.2604
   Rejection of goods, 554.2401
   Rejection, time, 554.2602
   Replevin, 554.2716
   Resale, 554.2711
   Rights on improper delivery, 554.2601
   Risk of loss, 554.2509
   Special property, identification of goods, 554.2401
   Specific performance, 554.2716
   Third party actions, 554.2722
   Title acquired, 554.2403
C. & F. (cost and freight)
   General provisions, 554.2320, 554.2321
    Overseas shipments, 554.2323
Cancellation
    Buyer's remedy, 554.2711
    Defined, 554.2106
    Effect on claims for antecedent breach, 554.2720
    Seller's remedy, 554.2703
Cash sales, 554.2403
Casualty, identified goods, 554.2613
Certainty of contract, 554.2204
Checks
    General provisions, 554.2403, 554.2514
    Dishonored, 554.2403
    Tender of payment, 554.2511
C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight)
    General provisions, 554.2320, 554.2321
    Inspection of goods, 554.2513
    Overseas shipments, 554.2323
Claims, adjustment, 554.2515
C.O.D. (collect on delivery), inspection of goods, 554.2513
Collateral promises, breach, 554.2701
Commercial unit, 554.2105, 554.2106
Commission, 554.2603
Conditional sales contracts, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Confirmed credit, defined, 554.2325
Conflict of laws, 554.1301
Conformance to description, warranty, 554.2313
Conforming, defined, 554.2106
Conforming goods
    Identity to contract, 554.2704
    "No arrival, no sale", 554.2324
Consequential damages
    Breach of warranty, 554.2715
    Limitation, 554.2719
Consideration, 554.2205, 554.2209
Consignment sales, creditors' claims, 554.2326
Consumers' sales, application, 554.2102
Containers, warranty, 554.2314
Contract, defined, 554.2106
Contract for sale
    Conduct of parties, 554.2207
    Confirmation, additional terms, 554.2207
    Course of dealing, 554.2202
    Course of performance, 554.2202
    Defined, 554.2106
    Explained or supplemented, 554.2202
    Extension, statute of limitations, actions of, 554.2725
   Form, 554.2204
   Growing crops, 554.2107
   Indefiniteness, 554.2204
   Interest in land, 554.2107
   Minerals, 554.2107
   Open terms, 554.2204
   Price, 554.2305
   Requirements, 554.2201
   Seal, 554.2203
   Single delivery, 554.2307
   Specially manufactured, 554.2201
   Structures on realty, 554.2107
   Termination, notice, 554.2309
   Timber, 554.2107
   Usage of trade, 554.2202
   Written agreement, 554.2201
Conversion, merchant buyer, 554.2603, 554.2604
Cooperation between parties, 554.2311, 554.2319
Cover by buyer, 554.2711, 554.2712
Creditors of seller, rights, 554.2402
Creditors, sale or return, 554.2326
Credit period, duration, 554.2310
Credit, reclaiming goods upon insolvency of buyer, 554.2702
Crops and growing crops
   Goods definition, 554.2105
   Insurable interest, 554.2501
   Sales law applicability, 554.2107
   Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Custom and usage
   Implied warranty
        General provisions, 554.2314
        Exclusion, 554.2316
   Shipment by seller, 554.2504
   Usage of trade, 554.2202
Damages
   Action for price, 554.2709
   Assignment, breach of contract, 554.2210
   Breach of warranty, consequential damages, 554.2316, 554.2714, 554.2715
   Cancellation construed, 554.2720
   Consequential damages, limitation, 554.2715, 554.2719
   Cover, 554.2711, 554.2712
   Deduction from price, 554.2717
   Fraud, 554.2721
   Incidental damages
        General provisions, 554.2710
        Action for price, 554.2709
        Breach of warranty, 554.2715
   Limitation, 554.2718
   Liquidated, 554.2718
   Market price, determination, 554.2713, 554.2723
   Modification, 554.2719
   Nonacceptance, 554.2703, 554.2708, 554.2709
   Nonconforming goods, 554.2714
   Nondelivery, 554.2713
   Person in position of seller, 554.2707
   Prevailing price, evidence, 554.2724
   Recision, see Recision under this subhead below
   Replevin, 554.2716
   Repudiation, 554.2708
   Repudiation by seller, 554.2713
   Resale, 554.2706
   Specific performance, 554.2716
   Third party actions, 554.2722
Defects
   Documents, reimbursement of financing agency, 554.2506
   Waiver by buyer, 554.2605
Definitions, 554.2103–554.2106
Delay in delivery
   Breach of duty, 554.2615
   Excuse, 554.2311
   Notice of excuse, 554.2616
Delay, repudiation of contract, 554.2611
Delegation of performance, 554.2210
Delivery
   Apportionment, 554.2307
   C.O.D. (collect on delivery), inspection of goods, 554.2513
   Delay, 554.2615, 554.2616
   Documents on acceptance, 554.2514
   Entrusting as including delivery, 554.2403
   Ex-ship, 554.2322
   Failure, buyer's right to cancel, 554.2711
   F.A.S. (free alongside), 554.2319
   Financing agency, right to stoppage, 554.2506
   F.O.B. (free on board), see F.O.B. (Free on Board) under this subhead below
   Improper
        Acceptance, 554.2609
        Buyer's rights, 554.2601
   Insolvent buyer, 554.2702
   Inspection, 554.2513
   Installment contract, 554.2612
   Letter of credit, 554.2325
   Nonconformance, risk of loss, 554.2510
   Nondelivery, 554.2711, 554.2713
   Obligation of seller, 554.2301
   Option, 554.2311
   Place, 554.2308
   Rejection
       General provisions, 554.2508
       Seller's remedy, 554.2703
   Risk of loss, shipment by seller, 554.2509
   Shipment by seller, 554.2504
   Single delivery, 554.2307
   Stoppage, financing agency's rights, 554.2506, 554.2705
   Substitute, 554.2614
   Time, 554.2309
Deposits
   Buyer's right to return on breach, 554.2718
   Restitution on buyer's breach, 554.2718
Descriptions
   Inconsistent specifications, 554.2317
   Warranty of conformance, 554.2313
Deterioration, 554.2321, 554.2324
Dishonor
   Checks, payment of instruments, 554.2511
   Letter of credit, 554.2325
   Sale of goods for dishonored check, 554.2403
Disputes, evidence of goods, preservation, 554.2515
Division of risk, 554.2303
Document, draft drawn, 554.2514
Draft
   Delivery of document, 554.2514
   Purchases, rights of financing agency, 554.2506
Drinks, merchantable warranty, 554.2314
Duration, contract calling for successive performances, 554.2309
Encumbrances, warranties, 554.2312
Enforcement
   Contract for sale, 554.2201
   Unconscionable contract, 554.2302
Entrusting, defined, 554.2403
Evidence
   Market price, 554.2723
   Preservation, goods in dispute, 554.2515
   Prevailing price, 554.2724
   Unconscionable contract or clause, 554.2302
Examination of goods, implied warranties, 554.2316
Exclusion, warranty of merchantability, 554.2316
Exclusive dealing, 554.2306
Excuse
    Delayed performance, 554.2311, 554.2615, 554.2616
    Failure of presupposed conditions, 554.2615
    Performance of agreements, 554.2311
    Substituted performance, 554.2614
Exemptions, 554.2102
Expenses
    Inspection of goods, liabilities, 554.2513
    Rejected goods, buyer's security interest, 554.2711
    Rights of buyer, 554.2603
    Seller's incidental damages after breach, definition, 554.2710
Express warranties, see Warranties under this subhead below
Ex-ship, delivery, 554.2322
Extension, contracts, limitations, 554.2725
Farm commodities and products, see Animals and Unborn Animals; Crops and Growing
        Crops under this subhead above; Livestock and Unborn Livestock under this subhead
        below
F.A.S. (free alongside), 554.2319
Financing agency
    Defined, 554.2104
    Letter of credit, 554.2325
    Rights, 554.2506
Firm offers, 554.2205
F.O.B. (free on board)
    General provisions, 554.2319
    Overseas shipments, 554.2323
Food, warranty, 554.2314
Forced sales, auctions, 554.2328
Foreign shipment, letter of credit, 554.2325
Form, contract for sale, 554.2204
Fraud
    Buyer's misrepresentation of solvency, 554.2702
    Remedies, 554.2721
    Rights of creditor, 554.2402
Freight, C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight) and C. & F. (cost and freight), definitions, 554.2320
Fungible goods
    Implied warranties, 554.2314
    Undivided share, 554.2105
Future goods
    Defined, 554.2105
    Insurable interest, time of acquisition, 554.2501
Future performance, assurance, 554.2609
Future sales, identification of goods, 554.2501
Gas, sales law applicability, 554.2107
Gifts, extension of seller's warranties, 554.2318
Good faith
    Defined, 554.2103
    Rejected goods, duties of buyer, 554.2603
    Specification for performance, 554.2311
Good faith purchaser, voidable title, 554.2403
Goods, defined, 554.2105
Governmental regulations, 554.2614, 554.2615
Growing crops, see Crops and Growing Crops under this subhead above
Guest in home, seller's warranty extending to, 554.2318
Household, seller's warranties, extension to members, 554.2318
Identification, defined, 554.2501
Identification of goods
    General provisions, 554.2501
    Action for price, 554.2709
    Purchaser, rights of transferor, 554.2403
    Resale of goods by seller, 554.2706
Identified goods to contract
    General provisions, 554.2704
    Casualty, 554.2613
    Place of delivery, 554.2308
Identity of goods, passing title, 554.2401
Implied warranties, see Warranties under this subhead below
Improper delivery, buyer's rights, 554.2601
Indefiniteness, contracts, validity, 554.2204
Infringement
    Burden of proof, 554.2607
    Buyer's warranties, 554.2312
    Claims, duties of buyer, 554.2607
Insolvency of buyer, 554.2702, 554.2705
Insolvency of seller, 554.2502
Inspection of goods
    General provisions, 554.2310
    Buyer, 554.2513
    Conformance of goods, 554.2515
    Payment, 554.2321, 554.2512
    Resale of goods, right of inspection, 554.2706
Installment contracts, 554.2612, 554.2616
Instructions
    Delivery instructions, 554.2319
    Rejected goods, 554.2603
Insurable interest, buyer, 554.2501
Intention of parties, warranties, 554.2317
Interest in land, sales law applicability, 554.2107
Invoice, C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight), 554.2320
Irrevocable offers, period of irrevocability, 554.2205
Lack of consideration, revocation of offer, 554.2205
Letter of credit, 554.2325
Liens
   Delivery of goods "ex-ship", liens discharged by sellers, 554.2322
   Freedom from liens, warranty of sellers, 554.2312
Limitation of actions, 554.2725
Limitation of damages, 554.2718, 554.2719
Limitation of warranty, 554.2316
Limited interest, 554.2403
Liquidated damages, 554.2718
Livestock and unborn livestock
   See also Animals and Unborn Animals under this subhead above
   Implied warranties in sales, exemption, 554A.1
Lost or destroyed property
   C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight) and C. & F. (cost and freight) terms, payment, time,
           554.2321
   "No arrival, no sale", 554.2324
Lots
   Auctions, 554.2328
   Defined, 554.2105
   Delivery and payment, 554.2307
   Installment contracts, 554.2612
   Revocation of acceptance by buyer, 554.2608
Market price, 554.2713, 554.2723
Market quotations, evidence, admissibility, 554.2724
Memoranda, contract for sale, 554.2201
Merchantability, warranty, 554.2314
Merchant buyer, rejection, duties, 554.2603
Merchant, defined, 554.2104
Minerals, sales law applicability, 554.2107
Models
   Examination, implied warranty, 554.2316
   Inconsistent specifications, 554.2317
   Warranty of conformance, 554.2313
Modification
   Contract, 554.2209
   Damages, 554.2719
   Warranty of merchantability, 554.2316
Money, payment of price, 554.2304
Negation of warranty, 554.2316
Net landed weights, C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight) or C. & F. (cost and freight) contracts,
        payment, 554.2321
"No arrival, no sale"
   Casualty, identified goods, 554.2613
   Conforming goods, 554.2324
Nonacceptance, damages, 554.2708, 554.2709
Nonconforming goods
   Acceptance, effect, 554.2206, 554.2607
   Damages, 554.2714
    Identification, rights of buyer, 554.2501
    Installment contracts, 554.2612
    Payment before inspection, 554.2512
    Rejection, 554.2508
    Revocation of acceptance, 554.2608
    Risk of loss, 554.2510
Nonconforming tender, 554.2508, 554.2510
Nondelivery, damages, 554.2713
Notice
    Allocation of performance, 554.2616
    Buyer's rights in realty, 554.2107
    Delay in performance, 554.2616
    Rejection, 554.2602
    Stopped delivery, 554.2705
    Tender of delivery, 554.2503
Objections, waiver of buyer's objections to defects, 554.2605
Obligations, 554.2301, 554.2306
Offers, 554.2203–554.2207
Oil, sales law applicability, 554.2107
Open price term
    General provisions, 554.2204
    Contracts, cure, 554.2305
Operation of law, rejection, revesting title in seller, 554.2401
Opinions, 554.2313
Option, 554.2311
Oral agreements, contract for sale, 554.2202
Output, requirements, 554.2306
Overseas, defined, 554.2323
Overseas shipment, bill of lading, form, 554.2323
Parol evidence
    Contract, 554.2202
    Sale or return, 554.2326
Part interest, 554.2105
Passing of title, 554.2401
Payment
    Acceptance of goods, 554.2607
    Arrival of goods, 554.2321
    Before inspection, 554.2512
    C. & F. (cost and freight), see C. & F. (Cost and Freight) under this subhead above
    Check, 554.2511
    C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight), see C.I.F. (Cost, Insurance, Freight) under this subhead
             above
    F.A.S. (free alongside), 554.2319
    F.O.B. (free on board), see F.O.B. (Free on Board) under this subhead above
    Insolvent buyer, 554.2702
    Inspection of goods, 554.2321, 554.2513
    Obligation of buyer, 554.2301
    Price, 554.2304
    Substituted performance, 554.2614
    Tender, 554.2511
    Tender of delivery, 554.2507
    Time and place, 554.2310
Performance
    Anticipatory repudiation, 554.2610, 554.2611
    Assurance, 554.2609
    Course of performance, 554.2202
    Delegation of duty, 554.2210
    Specified by parties, 554.2311
    Substitute, 554.2614
Perishable goods rejected, 554.2603, 554.2604
Person in position of seller, defined, 554.2707
Place, 554.2308, 554.2310
Pleading, contracts, statute of frauds, 554.2201
Possession, 554.2602, 554.2603
Postdating invoice, credit period, beginning, 554.2310
Present sale, defined, 554.2106
Prevailing price, evidence, 554.2724
Price
    Action to recover, 554.2709
    C. & F. (cost and freight), see C. & F. (Cost and Freight) under this subhead above
    C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight), see C.I.F. (Cost, Insurance, Freight) under this subhead
            above
    Contract for sale, 554.2305
    Deduction of damages, 554.2717
    F.A.S. (free alongside), 554.2319
    F.O.B. (free on board), see F.O.B. (Free on Board) under this subhead above
    Lots, 554.2307
    Payment, 554.2304
Promises, express warranties, creation by seller, 554.2313
Quantity, 554.2306
Quota, 554.2615, 554.2616
Ratification, acceptance of goods, 554.2606
Real estate, price payable in, 554.2304
Reasonable time, firm offers, revocability, 554.2205
Receipt
    Delivery under C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight) and C. & F. (cost and freight) terms,
            554.2320
    Delivery under F.A.S. (free alongside) terms, 554.2319
Receipt of goods, defined, 554.2103
Recision
    General provisions, 554.2209
    Effect on claims for antecedent breach, 554.2720
   Effect on remedies for fraud, 554.2721
Reclamation, seller's remedies on discovery of buyer's insolvency, 554.2702
Rejection of goods
   Buyer, 554.2401
   Improper delivery, 554.2601
   Installment, 554.2612
   Merchant buyer, duties, 554.2603
   Nonconformance, 554.2508
   Option by buyer to salvage, 554.2604
   Perishable goods, 554.2604
   Precluded by acceptance, 554.2607
   Remedies of buyer, 554.2711
   Remedies of seller, 554.2703
   Time, 554.2602
   Waiver, 554.2605
Remedies
   General provisions, 554.2701–554.2725
   Action for price, 554.2709
   Breach of collateral contract, 554.2701
   Breach of warranty, 554.2714
   Consequential damages, 554.2715, 554.2719
   Cover, 554.2711, 554.2712
   Delivery not made, 554.2711
   Fraud, 554.2721
   Identified goods to contract, 554.2704
   Incidental damages, breach of warranty, 554.2710, 554.2715
   Insolvency of buyer, 554.2702
   Limitation, 554.2719
   Misrepresentation, 554.2721
   Nonacceptance, 554.2708, 554.2709
   Nonconforming goods, 554.2714
   Nondelivery, 554.2713
   Person in seller's position, 554.2707
   Rejection of goods, 554.2703
   Replevin, buyer, 554.2716
   Repudiation, seller, 554.2708, 554.2713
   Resale, see Resale under this subhead below
   Revocation of acceptance, 554.2703
   Seller, 554.2703
   Specific performance, 554.2716
   Stoppage in transit, 554.2705
   Substitution, 554.2719
   Unfinished goods, 554.2704
Replevin, buyer's right, 554.2711, 554.2716
Repudiation
   Damages, 554.2708
   Performance not due, 554.2610
   Remedy of buyer, 554.2711
   Seller, 554.2713
Requirements of buyer, quantity, 554.2306
Resale
   General provisions, 554.2706
   Buyer, 554.2711
   Damages, 554.2703
   Liquidated damages, 554.2718
   Unfinished goods, 554.2704
Reservation, shipments under, rights of seller, 554.2310
Residence, place of delivery, 554.2308
Retraction
   Anticipatory repudiation, 554.2611
   Waiver of executory portion of contract, 554.2209
Return, 554.2326, 554.2327
Revocation, 554.2205
Revocation of acceptance
   General provisions, 554.2608, 554.2703
   Remedies of seller, 554.2401, 554.2703, 554.2704
   Remedy of buyer, 554.2711
Risk of loss
   General provisions, 554.2509
   Assignment of rights, 554.2210
   Breach, effect, 554.2510
   Casualty, identified goods, 554.2613
   C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight), 554.2320
   Deterioration, 554.2321
   Division, 554.2303
   Ex-ship, delivery, 554.2322
   F.O.B. (free on board), 554.2319
   "No arrival, no sale" terms, 554.2324
   Nonconforming tender, 554.2510
   Return, sale on approval, 554.2327
   Sale on approval, 554.2327
   Sale or return, 554.2327
   Shifting allocation, 554.2303
   Shrinkage, 554.2321
Sale on approval or return, 554.2326, 554.2327
Salvage
   Buyer's options, rejected goods, 554.2604
   Unfinished goods, 554.2704
Samples
   Examination, implied warranties, 554.2316
   Inconsistent specifications, 554.2317
   Warranty of conformance, 554.2313
Seal, contract for sale, 554.2203
Secured transactions and security interests
    See also subhead Secured Transactions below, thereunder Goods
    Security interests in goods
        Buyers' security interests in rejected goods, 554.2711
        Secured transactions, see subhead Secured Transactions below
        Sellers' reservations of security interests, 554.2401, 554.2505
Sellers
    Action for price, 554.2709
    Assignments of rights, 554.2210
    Cancellation of contract, 554.2703
    Creditors, rights, 554.2402
    Cure of nonconformance, 554.2508
    Defined, 554.2103
    Identified goods to contract, 554.2704
    Incidental damages, 554.2710
    Insolvency, rights of buyer, 554.2502
    Insurable interest, 554.2501
    Nondelivery, 554.2713
    Obligations, exclusive dealing, 554.2301, 554.2306
    Persons included, 554.2707
    Repudiation, damages, 554.2713
    Resale, 554.2706
    Risk of loss, nonconforming goods, 554.2509, 554.2510
    Security interests, 554.2401, 554.2505
    Shipment, 554.2504
    Stop delivery, 554.2703
    Stoppage in transit, 554.2705
    Tender of delivery, 554.2503, 554.2507
    Third party actions, 554.2722
Shipment by seller, reservation, 554.2310, 554.2504, 554.2505
Shrinkage risk, 554.2321
Signs, creditor's claims on sale or return, sign of consignor's interest, 554.2326
Specially manufactured, 554.2201
Specification of performance, 554.2311
Specifications, 554.2312, 554.2317
Specific performance
    General provisions, 554.2711, 554.2716
    Unconscionable contract or clause, 554.2302
Statute of frauds
    General provisions, 554.2201
    Modification, sales contract, 554.2209
    Sale or return, 554.2326
Stop delivery, insolvent buyer, 554.2702
Stoppage in transit
    General provisions, 554.2705
    Damages, expenses, 554.2710
    Person in position of seller, 554.2707
Stopping delivery, person in position of seller, 554.2707
Structure to be moved from realty, 554.2107
Substituted performance, delay in delivery, 554.2614, 554.2615
Substitute goods, buyer's procurement, cover, 554.2712
Successive performances, termination, 554.2309
Tender
    Delivery
        Manner, 554.2503
        Rejection, 554.2508
        Risk of loss, 554.2509, 554.2510
    Payment, 554.2511
    Substituted performance, 554.2614
Termination
    Defined, 554.2106
    Notice requirements, 554.2309
Third parties
    Inspection of goods, 554.2515
    Notice of buyer's right, 554.2107
Third party actions, 554.2722
Timber, sales law applicability, 554.2107
Time
    Anticipatory repudiation, 554.2610
    Assurance of due performance, 554.2609
    Delivery, 554.2309
    Payment, 554.2310
    Rejection, 554.2602
    Revocation of acceptance, 554.2608
    Tender of delivery, 554.2503
Title
    General provisions, 554.2403
    Passing, 554.2401
    Sale on approval, 554.2327
    Seller's creditors, rights against sold goods, 554.2402
    Warranty, 554.2312
Transfer
    Interest in realty, price, 554.2304
    Obligation of seller, 554.2301
Trees, sales law applicability, 554.2107
Unborn animals, see Animals and Unborn Animals under this subhead above
Unborn livestock, see Livestock and Unborn Livestock under this subhead above
Unconscionable contract, enforcement, 554.2302
Undivided share in identified bulk, 554.2105
Unfinished goods, 554.2704
Unit of goods, defined, 554.2105
   Unsecured creditors, rights against buyer, 554.2402
   Value, opinion, 554.2313
   Voidable title, good faith purchaser, 554.2403
   Waiver
        General provisions, 554.2209
        Rejection, 554.2605
   Warranties
        General provisions, 554.2312–554.2318
        Livestock sales, exemption from implied warranties, 554A.1
   War risk insurance, C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight), 554.2320
   Wood, sales law applicability, 554.2107
   Written instruments
        Confirmation of acceptance, 554.2207
        Contract for sale, 554.2201
        Modification, 554.2209
        Offers, 554.2205
        Recision, see Recision under this subhead above
        Seal, 554.2203
Salvage
   Buyer's options, rejected goods, 554.2604
   Unfinished goods, sales, 554.2704
Samples, see subhead Sales above
Savings and loan associations, see subhead Banks and Banking Organizations above
Savings banks, see subhead Banks and Banking Organizations above
Seals, contract for sale, 554.2203
Seasonableness, 554.1205
Section captions, part of uniform commercial code, 554.1107
Secured parties, see subhead Secured Transactions below
Secured transactions
   General provisions, 554.9101–554.9710
   Accessions
        General provisions, 554.9335
        Attachment of security interests in accessions, 554.9203
        Defined, 554.9102
        Enforcement of security interests in accessions, 554.9601–554.9624
   Account debtors
        Defined, 554.9102
        Discharge, 554.9406
   Accounts
        Assignments of accounts, perfection as security interests, 554.9309
        Defined, 554.9102
        Obligated persons, see Account Debtors under this subhead above
        Perfection of security interests in accounts, see Perfection of Security Interests and
                Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
        Priority of security interests in accounts, see Priority of Security Interests and
                Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
    Secured transactions law applicability, 554.9109
After-acquired property, 554.9204
Agricultural commodities and products, see Farm Products under this subhead below
Agricultural liens
    Collateral, see Collateral under this subhead below
    Default, 554.9601–554.9624
    Defined, 554.9102
    Enforcement, 554.9601–554.9624
    Financing statements, see Financing Statements and Amendments under this subhead
            below
    Perfection of agricultural liens, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens
            under this subhead below
    Priority of agricultural liens, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens
            under this subhead below
Amendments of financing statements, see Financing Statements and Amendments under this
        subhead below
Animals and unborn animals, see Livestock and Unborn Livestock under this subhead below
Aquatic goods from aquacultural operations, see Farm Products under this subhead below
As-extracted collateral
    Defined, 554.9102
    Enforceability of security interests in timber, 554.9203
    Financing statements
        Contents, 554.9502
        Fees for filing and indexing, 554.9525
        Filing and indexing, 554.9519
        Filing office, 554.9501
    Mortgage of real property, effectiveness as financing statement, 554.9502
    Perfection of security interests in as-extracted collateral, see Perfection of Security
            Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
    Priority of security interests in as-extracted collateral, see Priority of Security Interests
            and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
Attachment of security interests, 554.9203, 554.9315, 554.9336
Bailments, bailees, and bailors
    Financing statement filing by bailors, 554.9505
    Goods in possession of bailees, perfection of security interests in, see Perfection of
            Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
Bank deposits and collections
    Security interests of collecting banks, 554.4210, 554.9109, 554.9203, 554.9309
    Security interests of presenting banks, 554.4504
Bank deposits and deposit accounts, see Deposit Accounts under this subhead below
Boats and vessels covered by certificates of title
    Definition of certificate of title, 554.9102
    Perfection of security interests in goods covered by certificate of title, see Perfection of
            Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
    Priority of security interests in goods covered by certificate of title, see Priority of
            Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
Certificated securities, see Financial Assets; Investment Property under this subhead below
Certificates of title and goods covered by certificates of title
   See also CERTIFICATES OF TITLE
   Definition of certificate of title, 554.9102
   Perfection of security interests in goods covered by certificate of title, see Perfection of
            Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
   Priority of security interests in goods covered by certificate of title, see Priority of
            Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
Chattel paper
   Control by secured party, 554.9105
   Defined, 554.9102
   Electronic chattel paper, 554.9102
   Obligated persons, see Account Debtors under this subhead above
   Perfection of security interests in chattel paper, see Perfection of Security Interests and
            Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
   Priority of security interests in chattel paper, see Priority of Security Interests and
            Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
   Purchaser's priority over security interests in chattel paper, 554.9330
   Secured transactions law applicability, 554.9109
   Tangible chattel paper, 554.9102
Collateral
   See also subhead Collateral above
   As-extracted collateral, see As-Extracted Collateral under this subhead above
   Defined, 554.9102
   Description, 554.9108
   Disposition of collateral after default, 554.9205, 554.9610–554.9624
Commercial tort claims
   Defined, 554.9102
   Secured transactions law applicability, 554.9109
Commingled goods, security interests in, 554.9336
Commodity accounts, see Investment Property under this subhead below
Commodity contracts, see Investment Property under this subhead below
Communications transmitting businesses, see Transmitting Utilities under this subhead
        below
Computer software, see Software under this subhead below
Consignments, consignees, and consignors
   Financing statement filing by consignors, 554.9505
   Secured transactions law applicability, 554.9109
Consumer transactions
   Consumer debtor, 554.9102
   Consumer goods, 554.9102
   Consumer-goods transaction, 554.9102
   Consumer obligor, 554.9102
   Defined, 554.9102
   Description of collateral, 554.9108
   Secured transactions law applicability, 554.9109
Continuation statements, see Financing Statements and Amendments under this subhead
        below
Crops and growing crops
   See also Farm Products under this subhead below
   Enforcement of security interests and agricultural liens in crops, 554.9601–554.9624
   Perfection of security interests and agricultural liens in crops, see Perfection of Security
            Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
   Priority of security interests and agricultural liens in crops, see Priority of Security
            Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
Debtors
   Account debtors, see Account Debtors under this subhead above
   Consumer debtor, 554.9102
   Location, 554.9307
   New debtors, 554.9102, 554.9203, 554.9326
   Transfers of debtors' rights, effectiveness, 554.9401
Default, 554.9601–554.9624
Definitions, 554.9102
Deposit accounts
   Banks' rights relating to deposit accounts, 554.9340–554.9342
   Control by secured party, 554.9104
   Defined, 554.9102
   Perfection of security interests in deposit accounts, see Perfection of Security Interests
            and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
   Priority of security interests in deposit accounts, see Priority of Security Interests and
            Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
Documents of title
   General provisions, 554.9331
   Perfection of security interests in documents and covered goods, see Perfection of
            Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
   Priority of security interests in negotiable documents, see Priority of Security Interests
            and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
Electricity producing and transmitting businesses, see Transmitting Utilities under this
        subhead below
Enforceability of security interests, 554.9203
Enforcement of security interests and agricultural liens, 554.9601–554.9624
Equipment
   Defined, 554.9102
   Perfection of security interests in equipment, see Perfection of Security Interests and
            Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
   Priority of security interests in equipment, see Priority of Security Interests and
            Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
Farm products
   See also Crops and Growing Crops under this subhead above; Livestock and Unborn
            Livestock under this subhead below
   Defined, 554.9102
   Liens on farm products, see Agricultural Liens under this subhead above
Filing, see Financing Statements and Amendments under this subhead below
Financial assets
    Perfection of security interests in financial assets, see Perfection of Security Interests and
            Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
    Priority of security interests in financial assets, see Priority of Security Interests and
            Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
    Security interests arising in purchase or delivery, 554.9206
Financing statements and amendments
    General provisions, 554.9501–554.9527, 554.9705–554.9708
    Continuation statements, 554.9102
    Defined, 554.9102
    Filing and filing offices, 331.606B(4), 554.9310–554.9312
    Termination statements, 554.9102
Fixtures
    Defined, 554.9102
    Fixture filings, see Financing Statements and Amendments under this subhead above
    Perfection of security interests in fixtures, see Perfection of Security Interests and
            Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
    Priority of security interests in fixtures, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural
            Liens under this subhead below
    Secured transactions law applicability, 554.9109
    Security agreements covering fixtures, enforcement, 554.9604
Future advances, 554.9204, 554.9323
Gas
    As-extracted collateral, see As-Extracted Collateral under this subhead above
    Buyers' rights, 554.9320
Gas producing and transmitting businesses, see Transmitting Utilities under this subhead
        below
General intangibles
    See also Software under this subhead below
    Defined, 554.9102
    Obligated persons, see Account Debtors under this subhead above
    Payment intangibles, 554.9102
    Secured transactions law applicability, 554.9109
Goods
    See also subhead Sales above, thereunder Secured Transactions and Security Interests
    Accessions, see Accessions under this subhead above
    Attachment of security interests in goods, 554.9203, 554.9315, 554.9336
    Commingled goods, security interests in, 554.9336
    Consumer goods, see Consumer Transactions under this subhead above
    Crops and growing crops, see Crops and Growing Crops under this subhead above
    Defined, 554.9102
    Enforcement of security interests in goods, 554.9601–554.9624
    Equipment, see Equipment under this subhead above
    Farm products, see Farm Products under this subhead above
    Fixtures, see Fixtures under this subhead above
    Inventory, see Inventory under this subhead below
    Liens on farm products, see Agricultural Liens under this subhead above
    Liens on goods, see Liens under this subhead below
    Manufactured and mobile homes, see Manufactured Homes, Manufactured-Home
            Transactions, and Mobile Homes under this subhead below
    Perfection of security interests in goods, see Perfection of Security Interests and
            Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
    Priority of security interests in goods, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural
            Liens under this subhead below
    Purchase-money security interests, see Purchase-Money Security Interests under this
            subhead below
    Timber, see Timber under this subhead below
Growing crops, see Crops and Growing Crops under this subhead above
Insurance policies and interests in and claims under policies
    Health care insurance receivables
        Assignments of health care insurance receivables, perfection as security interests,
                554.9309
        Defined, 554.9102
    Secured transactions law applicability, 554.9109
Intangibles, see General Intangibles under this subhead above
Inventory
    Defined, 554.9102
    Perfection of security interests in inventory, see Perfection of Security Interests and
            Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
    Priority of security interests in inventory, see Priority of Security Interests and
            Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
Investment property
    Attachment of security interests, 554.9203
    Control by secured party, 554.9106
    Defined, 554.9102
    Description of collateral, 554.9108
    Perfection of security interests in investment property, see Perfection of Security Interests
            and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
    Priority of security interests in investment property, see Priority of Security Interests and
            Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
    Secured parties having control, duties, 554.9208
Investment securities, see Financial Assets; Investment Property under this subhead above
Leases and leased goods
    See also subhead Leases above
    Lessees' security interests after rejection or revocation of acceptance of goods, 554.9109,
            554.9110, 554.9203, 554.9309, 554.9322, 554.9325
Letters of credit and letter-of-credit rights
    Assignment restrictions on letter-of-credit rights, effectiveness, 554.9409
    Control of letter-of-credit rights by secured party, 554.9107
    Definition of letter-of-credit right, 554.9102
   Documents presented under letters of credit, security interests of issuers or nominated
           persons, 554.5118, 554.9109, 554.9203, 554.9309, 554.9322
   Perfection of security interests in letter-of-credit rights, see Perfection of Security
           Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
   Priority of security interests in letter-of-credit rights, see Priority of Security Interests and
           Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
   Proceeds and rights to proceeds, 554.9107, 554.9109
Liens
   Farm products, liens on, see Agricultural Liens under this subhead above
   Possessory liens, priority over security interests, 554.9333
   Secured transactions law applicability, 554.9109
Livestock and unborn livestock
   See also Farm Products under this subhead above
   Enforcement of security interests in livestock, 554.9601–554.9624
   Perfection of security interests and agricultural liens in livestock, see Perfection of
           Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
   Priority of security interests and agricultural liens in livestock, see Priority of Security
           Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
Manufactured homes, manufactured-home transactions, and mobile homes
   Certificates of title and homes covered by certificates of title
       Definition of certificate of title, 554.9102
       Perfection of security interests in goods covered by certificates of title, see Perfection
               of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
       Priority of security interests in goods covered by certificates of title, see Priority of
               Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
   Defined, 554.9102
   Financing statements for transactions, effectiveness of, 554.9515
Minerals
   As-extracted collateral, see As-Extracted Collateral under this subhead above
   Buyers' rights, 554.9320
Mobile homes covered by certificates of title, see Manufactured Homes, Manufactured-
       Home Transactions, and Mobile Homes under this subhead above
Money
   Perfection of security interests in money, see Perfection of Security Interests and
           Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
   Priority of security interests in money, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural
           Liens under this subhead below
   Transfers, security interests in money, 554.9332
Mortgages
   Defined, 554.9102
   Effectiveness as financing statements, 554.9502
Motor vehicles covered by certificates of title
   Definition of certificate of title, 554.9102
   Perfection of security interests in goods covered by certificates of title, see Perfection of
           Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
    Priority of security interests in goods covered by certificates of title, see Priority of
            Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
Negotiable instruments
    Holders in due course, rights and priority over security interests, 554.9331
    Perfection of security interests in instruments, see Perfection of Security Interests and
            Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
    Priority of security interests in instruments, see Priority of Security Interests and
            Agricultural Liens under this subhead below
Noncompliance with law, remedies and liabilities, 554.9625–554.9628
Obligors, 554.9102
Oil
    As-extracted collateral, see As-Extracted Collateral under this subhead above
    Buyers' rights, 554.9320
Payment intangibles, see General Intangibles under this subhead above
Perfection of security interests and agricultural liens
    General provisions, 554.9301–554.9316
    Accessions, 554.9335
    Bailments, 554.9312
    Commingled goods, 554.9336
    Future advances, 554.9323
    Negotiable documents (documents of title), 554.9312
Pipelines, see Transmitting Utilities under this subhead below
Priority of security interests and agricultural liens
    General provisions, 554.9301–554.9307, 554.9317–554.9339
    Transition provisions for 2001, 554.9709
Promissory notes
    Assignment restrictions, effectiveness, 554.9406, 554.9408
    Default, 554.9601–554.9624
    Defined, 554.9102
    Discharge of account debtor, effectiveness, 554.9406
    Financing statements, 554.9505
    Sales of notes, 554.9318
    Secured transactions law applicability, 554.9109
    Security interest perfection in sales of notes, see Perfection of Security Interests and
            Agricultural Liens under this subhead above
Public-finance transactions
    Defined, 554.9102
    Financing statements for transactions, effectiveness of, 554.9515
Purchase-money security interests
    General provisions, 554.9103
    Perfection, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead
            above
    Priority, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead
            above
Railroad operators, see Transmitting Utilities under this subhead below
Real property
    Fixtures, see Fixtures under this subhead above
    Mortgages, see Mortgages under this subhead above
    Security agreements covering real property, enforcement, 554.9604
Records, see Financing Statements and Amendments under this subhead above
Secured parties
    Defined, 554.9102
    Rights and duties, 554.9207–554.9209, 554.9601–554.9628
Securities, securities accounts, and securities entitlements, see Financial Assets; Investment
        Property under this subhead above
Security agreements
    Defined, 554.9102
    Effectiveness, 554.9201–554.9206
    Parties, see Debtors; Secured Parties under this subhead above
Security interests
    Attachment and enforceability, 554.9201–554.9206
    Enforcement, 554.9601–554.9624
    Perfection, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead
            above
    Priority, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead
            above
    Purchase-money security interests, see Purchase-Money Security Interests under this
            subhead above
Sewer utilities, see Transmitting Utilities under this subhead below
Software
    See also General Intangibles under this subhead above
    Defined, 554.9102
    Perfection of security interests in software, see Perfection of Security Interests and
            Agricultural Liens under this subhead above
    Priority of security interests in software, see Priority of Security Interests and
            Agricultural Liens under this subhead above
    Purchase-money security interests, see Purchase-Money Security Interests under this
            subhead above
Steam producing and transmitting businesses, see Transmitting Utilities under this subhead
        below
Street railway operators, see Transmitting Utilities under this subhead below
Subway operators, see Transmitting Utilities under this subhead below
Telecommunications transmitting businesses, see Transmitting Utilities under this subhead
        below
Termination statements, see Financing Statements and Amendments under this subhead
        above
Third party rights, 554.9401–554.9409
Timber and uncut timber
    Enforceability of security interests in timber, 554.9203
    Fees for filing and indexing financing statements, 554.9525
    Financing statements
        Contents, 554.9502
            Fees for filing and indexing, 554.9525
            Filing and indexing, 554.9519
            Filing office, 554.9501
        Mortgage of real property, effectiveness as financing statement, 554.9502
        Perfection of security interests in timber, see Perfection of Security Interests and
                 Agricultural Liens under this subhead above
        Priority of security interests in timber, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural
                 Liens under this subhead above
    Tort claims, see Commercial Tort Claims under this subhead above
    Trailers covered by certificates of title, see Motor Vehicles Covered by Certificates of Title
            under this subhead above
    Transition to 1974 amendments, 554.11101–554.11104, 554.11106–554.11109
    Transition to 2001 law, 554.9701–554.9710
    Transmitting utilities
        See also UTILITIES, subhead Security Interests in Collateral of Transmitting Utilities
        Defined, 554.9102
        Effectiveness of financing statements, 554.9515, 554.9705
        Filing office for financing statements relating to collateral of utilities, 554.9501
    Trees, see Timber and Uncut Timber under this subhead above
    Trolley bus operators, see Transmitting Utilities under this subhead above
    Unborn animals, see Livestock and Unborn Livestock under this subhead above
    Uncertificated securities, see Financial Assets; Investment Property under this subhead
            above
    Uncut timber, see Timber and Uncut Timber under this subhead above
    Utilities, see Transmitting Utilities under this subhead above
    Vehicles covered by certificates of title, see Motor Vehicles Covered by Certificates of Title
            under this subhead above
    Vessels covered by certificates of title, see Boats and Vessels Covered by Certificates of Title
            under this subhead above
    Water producing and transmitting businesses, see Transmitting Utilities under this subhead
            above
    Wood, see Timber and Uncut Timber under this subhead above
Securities, see subhead Investment Securities above
Securities accounts, see subheads Investment Property; Investment Securities above
Security agreements, see subhead Secured Transactions above
Security interests
    See also SECURITY INTERESTS
    Bank deposits and collections, security interests of collecting banks, see subhead Bank
            Deposits and Collections above
    Defined, 554.1201
    Goods covered by certificates of title, see subhead Secured Transactions above
    Leases, security interests under, see subhead Leases above
    Letters of credit, security interests under, see subhead Letters of Credit above
    Sales, security interests under, see subhead Sales above
    Secured transactions, see subhead Secured Transactions above
Sellers, see subhead Sales above
Send, defined, 554.1201
Setoff and counterclaim
    See also COUNTERCLAIMS
    Action, defined, 554.1201
    Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above
Settle, defined, 554.4104
Severability of provisions, 554.1105
Sewers, security interests in transmitting utility collateral, see subhead Secured Transactions
        above, thereunder Transmitting Utilities
Shippers and shipping of goods, see subhead Carriers of Goods above
Shrinkage, sales, risk of loss, 554.2321
Signatures
    See also subheads Endorsements and Endorsers; Indorsements and Indorsers above
    Bank deposits and collections, unauthorized signature, 554.4406
    Letters of credit, 554.5104
    Negotiable instruments, see subhead Negotiable Instruments above
    Unauthorized signature, defined, 554.1201
    Waiver or renunciation of claim or right after breach, 554.1306
Signed, defined, 554.1201
Signs, sales, creditor's claims against goods on sale or return, sign of consignor's interest,
        554.2326
Singular words, inclusion of plural, 554.1106
Software, secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions above
Special damages, restriction, 554.1305
Specially manufactured goods, sales, exception, 554.2201
Specifications
    Inconsistent sample or model, 554.2317
    Warranties, sales, 554.2312
Specific performance, sales contracts, 554.2711, 554.2716
Statute of frauds
    Investment securities sales, 554.8113
    Sales contracts, 554.2201
Statute of limitations
    Bank deposits and collections, forgery, 554.4406
    Sales, 554.2725
Steam producing and transmitting businesses, security interests in transmitting utility collateral,
        see subhead Secured Transactions above, thereunder Transmitting Utilities
Stocks, see subhead Investment Securities above
Stolen property
    Documents of title, 554.7601, 554.7601A
    Investment securities, replacement, 554.8405
Stoppage in transit, see subhead Sales above
Stop payment, order, bank deposits and collections, 554.4303, 554.4403
Storage of goods, documents of title, see subhead Documents of Title above
Suits, see subhead Actions above
Surety, defined, 554.1201
Suspends payments, defined, 554.4104
Suspension of payments by collecting or payor bank, bank deposits and collections, 554.4216
Teller's checks, see subheads Bank Deposits and Collections; Negotiable Instruments above
Tender, see subhead Sales above
Termination
    Defined, 554.2106
    Sales contract, notice, 554.2309
Term of agreement, defined, 554.1201
Terms defined, see subhead Definitions above
Territorial application of law, 554.1301
Third parties
    Action for injury to goods, 554.2722
    Documents, prima facie evidence, 554.1307
    Inspection of goods, 554.2515
    Warranties, sales, 554.2318
Timber
    Sales, 554.2107
    Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions above
Title
    Bank deposits and collections, warranty of title, customer and collecting bank, 554.4207
    Unaccepted delivery order, title of goods based on, 554.7503
Trailers covered by certificates of title
    Leases of trailers, see subhead Leases above
    Secured transactions and security interests in trailers, see subhead Secured Transactions
             above
Transmitting utilities, security interests in collateral of, see subhead Secured Transactions above
Transportation and transporters of goods, see subhead Carriers of Goods above
Traveler's checks, see subhead Negotiable Instruments above
Trees, see subhead Timber above
Trust companies, see subhead Banks and Banking Organizations above
Unauthorized signature, defined, 554.1201
Unborn animals
    Agricultural liens on farm products, see subhead Secured Transactions above, thereunder
             Livestock and Unborn Livestock
    Leases, see subhead Leases above, thereunder Animals and Unborn Animals
    Sales, see subhead Sales above, thereunder Animals and Unborn Animals
    Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions above,
             thereunder Livestock and Unborn Livestock
Unconscionable sales contract or clause, enforcement, 554.2302
Uncut timber, see subhead Timber above
Under protest, reservation of rights by use of words, 554.1308
Unit of goods, defined, 554.2105
Usage of trade, 554.1303
Utilities, security interests in transmitting utility collateral, see subhead Secured Transactions
        above, thereunder Transmitting Utilities
Value, 554.1204
Variance of uniform commercial code by agreement, 554.1302
Vehicles covered by certificates of title
   Leases of vehicles, see subhead Leases above
   Secured transactions and security interests in vehicles, see subhead Secured Transactions
           above, thereunder Motor Vehicles Covered by Certificates of Title
Vehicles, shipping by, see subhead Carriers of Goods above
Vessels covered by certificates of title
   Leases of vessels, see subhead Leases above
   Secured transactions and security interests in vessels, see subhead Secured Transactions
           above, thereunder Boats and Vessels Covered by Certificates of Title
Vessels, shipping by, see subhead Carriers of Goods above
Voidable title, 554.2403
Warehouse receipts and goods covered by warehouse receipts, see subhead Documents of Title
       above
Warranties
   Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above
   Documents of title, see subhead Documents of Title above
   Leases, see subhead Leases above
   Letters of credit, 554.5110
   Negotiable instruments, see subhead Negotiable Instruments above
   Sales, see subhead Sales above
War risk insurance, C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight), sales, 554.2320
Water producing and transmitting businesses, security interests in transmitting utility collateral,
       see subhead Secured Transactions above, thereunder Transmitting Utilities
Weighers and measurers, certificate, prima facie evidence, 554.1307
Wood, see subhead Timber above
Writing and written, defined, 554.1201

UNIFORMS
Bail enforcement agents, 80A.9
Civic, social, or benevolent organizations, uniform wearing allowed under military code, 29A.31
County sheriffs, 331.322(9), 331.657
National guard, see NATIONAL GUARD
Private investigation and private security businesses, 80A.1(9), 80A.9
Public safety department members, 80.18

UNINCORPORATED NONPROFIT ASSOCIATIONS
General provisions, ch 501B
Agricultural landholdings by associations, restrictions on, ch 9H

UNINSURED MOTORISTS
Insurance coverage in liability policies, see INSURANCE


UNIONS (LABOR)
See LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, subhead Unions, Associations, and Organizations of
      Employees

UNITED KINGDOM AND U.K. GOVERNMENT
Investments by insurance companies, 511.8, 515.35(4)

UNITED STATES AND U.S. GOVERNMENT
See FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

UNIVERSAL PRODUCT CODES (UPC)
Fraudulent universal product code labels, creation or use of, 714.8(18)

UNIVERSITIES
See COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES

UNIVERSITY OF IOWA
See also COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES
See also REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS
General provisions, Const Iowa XI §8; 262.7, ch 263
Advanced placement summer program, 263.8C
Agricultural health and safety, center for, see AGRICULTURE AND AGRICULTURAL
        PRODUCTS, subhead Center for Agricultural Health and Safety
Appropriations, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead
        Appropriations to Board and Institutions
Archaeologist, state, appointment from faculty, 263B.1
Buildings, see subhead Property of University below
Campus organizations moneys, interest earned, expenditure, 263.8B
Child behavior and development institute, 263.5, 263.6
Child development coordinating council membership and duties, 256A.2
Clinics, see subhead Hospitals and Clinics below
Communications network, state, see TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND
        TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES, subhead Iowa Communications Network
        (ICN)
Construction of buildings and facilities, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS
        INSTITUTIONS, subhead Construction and Improvement of Buildings, Facilities, and
        Grounds
Costs, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Fees
Courses, 263.1
Dental hygiene program, head of, certification of faculty, 153.37
Dentistry college and dean of college
    See also COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Dentistry Colleges and Schools
    Faculty certification, 153.37
Disabilities and development center, see DISABILITIES AND DISABLED PERSONS, subhead
        Center for Disabilities and Development (University of Iowa)
Dormitories, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead
        Dormitories
Economic development board membership, 15.103
Employees, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Employees
        of Board and Institutions
Enrollees, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Students at
        Institutions
Environmental contamination health center, see HEALTH EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL
        CONTAMINATION, CENTER FOR
Environmental safety deficiencies, identification and correction of, 262.33A
Facilities, see subhead Property of University below
Faculty
    See also REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Teachers at
             Institutions
    Election and compensation, 262.9(2)
    Leaves of absence, 262.9(14)
    Minority persons and women, recruitment to university, 262.81, 262.82, 262.93
Family development and self-sufficiency council membership and duties, 216A.107
Fees
    See also REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Fees
    Student fee committee, 262.34B
Fire protection and safety, 262.33, 262.33A
Flood center, 466C.1
Funds
    See also REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Funds of Board
             and Institutions
    Appropriations, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead
             Appropriations to Board and Institutions
    Campus organizations moneys, interest earned, expenditure, 263.8B
    Motor vehicle collegiate registration plate fees, 321.34(7)
    Permanent fund, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Funds, thereunder
             State Funds
Gifted and talented education, international center for, see GIFTED AND TALENTED
        EDUCATION, subhead Center for Talented and Gifted Education
Grounds, see subhead Property of University below
Health effects of environmental contamination, center for, see HEALTH EFFECTS OF
        ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION, CENTER FOR
High school student enrollment, see COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Students
Homeopathic hospital, 263.4
Hospitals and clinics
    See also subhead Medical College and Dean of College below
    General provisions, 262.7(1), 263.18–263.23, ch 263A
    Autism assistance program, 256.35
    Center for disabilities and development, see DISABILITIES AND DISABLED PERSONS,
             subhead Center for Disabilities and Development (University of Iowa)
    Homeopathic hospital, 263.4
    Low-income persons, services to, ch 249J
    Psychiatric hospital, see PSYCHIATRIC ILLNESSES, subhead State Psychiatric Hospital
Hygienic laboratory, see HYGIENIC LABORATORY
Improvement of buildings and facilities, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS
        INSTITUTIONS, subhead Construction and Improvement of Buildings, Facilities, and
        Grounds
Injury prevention research center, trauma system advisory council membership, 147A.24
Innovation council membership and duties, 15.117A
Instructors, see subhead Faculty above
Laboratory schools, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Laboratory Schools
Lands, see subhead Property of University below
Law college
    General provisions, 263.1
    Prosecutor intern program, 13.2(1m)
Liberal arts college, 263.1
Maintenance of buildings and facilities, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS
        INSTITUTIONS, subhead Construction and Improvement of Buildings, Facilities, and
        Grounds
Medical assistance advisory council membership and duties, 249A.4B
Medical college and dean of college
    See also subhead Hospitals and Clinics above
    See also COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Medical Colleges and Schools
    General provisions, 263.1
    Dead bodies, use for scientific purposes, ch 142
    Governor's disability, conference for examination of governor, membership and duties, 7.14
    Homeopathic materia medica and therapeutics department, 263.4
    Medical assistance advisory council membership, 249A.4B
    Occupational disease investigation, designation and duties, 85A.20
    Pesticides advisory committee membership and duties, 206.23
    Psychiatric hospital, see PSYCHIATRIC ILLNESSES, subhead State Psychiatric Hospital
    Residency program for family practice physicians, ch 148D
Moneys, see subhead Funds above
Motor vehicle collegiate plates designed for university, 321.34(7)
Motor vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Regents Board and Regents Institution
        Vehicles
Natural history cabinet, 263.3
Oakdale campus, see OAKDALE CAMPUS
Parking regulations, 262.69
Pesticides advisory committee membership and duties, 206.23
President of university
    See also REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Presidents of
            Universities
    Child behavior and development institute advisory board appointment by president, 263.8
Professors, see subhead Faculty above
Property of university
    See also REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Property of
            Board and Institutions
    Control, management, and proceeds, Const Iowa IX (2nd)
   Hospital buildings and facilities, ch 263A
   Tax sales of university lands, rights and interests of purchasers and state, 446.34
Psychiatric hospital, see PSYCHIATRIC ILLNESSES, subhead State Psychiatric Hospital
Purchasing by university, see PURCHASING, subhead Regents Board and Regents Institutions
Real property of university, see subhead Property of University above
Records of extinct educational institutions, depository for, ch 264
Renewable fuels and coproducts research, 159A.6A, 159A.7
Repair of buildings and facilities, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS,
        subhead Construction and Improvement of Buildings, Facilities, and Grounds
Research activities, commercialization of, ch 262B
Residence halls, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead
        Dormitories
Scholarships for students, see COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Student Aid, Grants,
        Loans, and Scholarships
Secretarial officer of university, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS,
        subhead Secretarial Officers of Institutions
Security officers, 262.13, 801.4(11)
Speed limits, 262.68
Students, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Students at
        Institutions
Talented and gifted education, international center for, see GIFTED AND TALENTED
        EDUCATION, subhead Center for Talented and Gifted Education
Teachers, see subhead Faculty above
Teacher training, see TEACHING AND TEACHERS, subhead Training of Teachers
Traffic control, 262.68, 262.69
Treasurer of university, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead
        Treasurers of Institutions
Tuition, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Tuition at
        Universities
Vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Regents Board and Regents Institution Vehicles
Work-study programs, see COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Work-Study Programs

UNIVERSITY OF NORTHERN IOWA
See also COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES
See also REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS
General provisions, 262.7, ch 268
Agriculture energy efficiency education program, 268.6
Appropriations, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead
       Appropriations to Board and Institutions
Buildings, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Property of
       Board and Institutions
Campus organizations moneys, interest earned, expenditure, 268.3
Child development coordinating council membership and duties, 256A.2
Communications network, state, see TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND
       TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES, subhead Iowa Communications Network
       (ICN)
Construction of buildings and facilities, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS
        INSTITUTIONS, subhead Construction and Improvement of Buildings, Facilities, and
        Grounds
Costs, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Fees
Courses, 268.2
Dormitories, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead
        Dormitories
Economic development board membership, 15.103
Employees, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Employees
        of Board and Institutions
Enrollees, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Students at
        Institutions
Environmental safety deficiencies, identification and correction of, 262.33A
Facilities, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Property of
        Board and Institutions
Faculty
    See also REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Teachers at
             Institutions
    Election and compensation, 262.9(2)
    Leaves of absence, 262.9(14)
    Minority persons and women, recruitment to university, 262.81, 262.82, 262.93
Family development and self-sufficiency council membership and duties, 216A.107
Fees, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Fees
Fire protection and safety, 262.33, 262.33A
Funds
    See also REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Funds of Board
             and Institutions
    Appropriations, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead
             Appropriations to Board and Institutions
    Campus organizations moneys, interest earned, expenditure, 268.3
    Motor vehicle collegiate registration plate fees, 321.34(7)
Grounds, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Property of
        Board and Institutions
High school student enrollment, see COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Students
Improvement of buildings and facilities, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS
        INSTITUTIONS, subhead Construction and Improvement of Buildings, Facilities, and
        Grounds
Innovation council membership and duties, 15.117A
Instructors, see subhead Faculty above
Laboratory schools, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Laboratory Schools
Lands, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Property of
        Board and Institutions
Maintenance of buildings and facilities, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS
        INSTITUTIONS, subhead Construction and Improvement of Buildings, Facilities, and
        Grounds
Moneys, see subhead Funds above
Motor vehicle collegiate plates designed for university, 321.34(7)
Motor vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Regents Board and Regents Institution
        Vehicles
Parking regulations, 262.69
President of university, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead
        Presidents of Universities
Professors, see subhead Faculty above
Property of university, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead
        Property of Board and Institutions
Purchasing by university, see PURCHASING, subhead Regents Board and Regents Institutions
Reading recovery and literacy programs of school districts, funds for, 257B.1B(1)
Real estate education program, 543B.54
Real property of university, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS,
        subhead Property of Board and Institutions
Renewable fuels and coproducts research, 159A.6A, 159A.7
Repair of buildings and facilities, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS,
        subhead Construction and Improvement of Buildings, Facilities, and Grounds
Research activities, commercialization of, ch 262B
Residence halls, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead
        Dormitories
Scholarships for students, see COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Student Aid, Grants,
        Loans, and Scholarships
Science academy appropriations, use restrictions, 268.5
Secretarial officer of university, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS,
        subhead Secretarial Officers of Institutions
Security officers, 262.13, 801.4(11)
Speed limits, 262.68
Student fee committee, 262.34B
Students, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Students at
        Institutions
Teachers, see subhead Faculty above
Teacher training, see TEACHING AND TEACHERS, subhead Training of Teachers
Traffic control, 262.68, 262.69
Treasurer of university, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead
        Treasurers of Institutions
Tuition, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Tuition at
        Universities
Vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Regents Board and Regents Institution Vehicles
Waste reduction center for the safe and economic management of solid waste and hazardous
        substances, see WASTE AND WASTE DISPOSAL, subhead Reduction Center (University
        of Northern Iowa)
Work-study programs, see COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Work-Study Programs

UNIVERSITY OF OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE (DES MOINES UNIVERSITY)
See DES MOINES UNIVERSITY—OSTEOPATHIC MEDICAL CENTER
UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
See IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

UNLAWFUL ASSEMBLY
See ASSEMBLIES

UNSOLICITED GOODS
Goods received by mail, acceptance as gift, 556A.1

UNSOUND MIND, PERSONS OF
See also INSANITY
See also MENTAL HEALTH AND DISABILITIES
Judgment vacation and modification proceedings, time limit for commencement by persons of
       unsound mind, 624A.1
Poison sales to persons of unsound mind, prohibition, 205.9
Property sold at tax sale, redemption period for persons of unsound mind, 447.7
Wards, conservator or guardian appointment for, effect as adjudication as persons of unsound
       mind, 633.636

UNUSED PROPERTY MARKETS
General provisions, ch 546A

UPC (UNIVERSAL PRODUCT CODES)
Fraudulent UPC labels, creation or use of, 714.8(18)

URBAN RENEWAL
General provisions, ch 403
Bond issues, 331.441–331.449, 384.23–384.36, 419.17
Economic development financial assistance to persons and businesses in blighted areas, 15A.1(5)
Eminent domain, power of and acquisitions by, 6A.22(2a)
Financing and funding, 2.48, 423B.1(6c), 423B.7(1b, 6), 423B.10, 437A.15

URBAN REVITALIZATION
General provisions, ch 404
Bond issues by cities for projects in revitalization areas, 419.17
Services to tax exempt property, 364.19

URBAN TRANSIT SERVICES AND SYSTEMS
See PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SERVICES AND SYSTEMS

URINE AND URINE TESTING
Alcohol and drug intoxication and testing
   Boat and vessel operators, intoxication testing of, 462A.14–462A.14F
   Employees and prospective employees, testing by private sector employers, 730.5
   Motor vehicle drivers, intoxication testing of, ch 321J
   Public intoxication offenders, 123.46
Animal waste, see MANURE AND MANURE DISPOSAL
Sewage, see SEWAGE AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL
Toilets and urinals, see TOILETS

USAGE OF TRADE
Uniform commercial code, 554.1303

USE TAXES
See SALES, SERVICES, AND USE TAXES

USURY
General provisions, 535.4, 535.5
Assignees of usurious contracts, recovery from usurer, 535.7
Claim or defense of usury, limitation on use, 535.2(2)
Loans, contracts, and mortgages, construction as usurious, 589.22

UTILITIES
See also ENERGY AND ENERGY SYSTEMS
General provisions, ch 476
Accounting methods, 422.93
Actions against utilities, 616.8, 617.3
Advertising costs included in rates, prohibition, 476.18(3)
All-terrain vehicle operation by utilities, 321.234A(1c), 321I.14(1h)
Antitrust complaints, 476.55
Board for utilities in state commerce department, see COMMERCE DEPARTMENT, subhead
        Utilities Division
Boards of city utilities, see subhead City Services, City Utilities, and Utilities in Cities below
Bridges, location and operation of utilities on, see subhead Rights-of-Way below
Buses and bus services, see BUSES AND BUS SERVICES
Charges
    See also subhead Rates below
    Energy assistance, see ENERGY AND ENERGY SYSTEMS, subhead Assistance for Low-
            Income and Indigent Persons
    Impermissible, 476.18
    Late payment, 476.54
City services, city utilities, and utilities in cities
    See also subhead Water Utilities and Waterworks below
    See also GASES, subhead Lines used for Transmission of Gases
    See also SEWAGE AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL, subhead Cities
    See also TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS
            COMPANIES, subhead City Utilities providing Services
    See also TELEPHONE SERVICE AND TELEPHONE COMPANIES, subhead City Utilities
            providing Services
    See also TELEVISION AND TELEVISION EQUIPMENT, subhead City Services, City
            Utilities, and Utilities in Cities
    See also WASTE AND WASTE DISPOSAL
General provisions, 362.2(6), 364.3(10), ch 388, 476.1B
Annexation, consolidation, or incorporation actions by city
    Electric utility's rights, 476.26
    Fees and taxes imposed, 368.23
    Notification to utility, 368.24
Boards of city utilities
    Investment of funds, 384.21
    Joint action, 364.5
Budgets, approval, 384.2
Charges, billing and collection of, 384.84
Coal mining by publicly owned utilities, 207.11
Coal purchase and use, 73.6, 73.9, 73.10
Connections
    Fees for water and sewer connections, 384.38(3)
    Public improvements, inclusion of underground connections, 384.40
    Special assessments for connections, 384.37–384.79
Consolidation into city, see Annexation, Consolidation, or Incorporation Actions by City
        under this subhead above
Contracts for utilities, city officers' and employees' interest prohibition, exception, 362.5(3 'l')
Discontinuance of services, 384.84(3)
Employees of city utilities, retirement systems for, see Retirement Systems for Employees of
        City Utilities under this subhead below
Existing utilities, condemnation of, 6B.46–6B.51
Financing
    Bonds, 384.23–384.36, 384.80–384.94
    Joint facilities and financing, ch 28F, ch 389, ch 390
Fiscal year of municipal utilities, 384.2
Franchises from cities, see CITIES, subhead Franchises and Franchise Elections
Funds
    Deposit in financial institutions, ch 12C
    Investment, 384.21
    Surplus, transfer of, 384.89
Improvements, special assessments for, 384.37–384.79
Incorporation into city, see Annexation, Consolidation, or Incorporation Actions by City
        under this subhead above
National guard, use granted to, 29A.60
Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Utilities
Rates, billing and collection of, 384.84
Records of municipal utilities
    Computer data, unauthorized access, criminal offense, 716.6B
    Discussions in governmental body meetings, closed sessions, 21.5(1k)
Retirement systems for employees of city utilities
    General provisions, ch 412
    Election for coverage under systems, 97B.42A(5)
    Merger with and into public employees' retirement system, 97B.42C
        Public employees' retirement system coverage of water utility and waterworks
                 employees, 97B.1A[8a(11)]
        Public funds investment and custody requirements, exceptions, 12B.10(6k), 12B.10B(3j),
                 12B.10C(4i)
   Taxation
        Property of utilities, see TAXATION, subhead Utilities
        Sales by and to utilities, 423.2(2), 423.3(31a)
Cogeneration facilities, see subhead Electric Utilities below
Collateral of transmitting utilities subject to security interests, see subhead Security Interests in
        Collateral of Transmitting Utilities below
Communications utilities, see TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND
        TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES
Complaints, 476.3
Computer data of utilities, unauthorized access to, criminal offense, 716.6B
Condemnation power and acquisitions by condemnation, see EMINENT DOMAIN, subhead
        Utilities, Power of and Acquisitions by Eminent Domain
Consumer advocate division and consumer advocate, see ATTORNEY GENERAL, subhead
        Consumer Advocate Division and Consumer Advocate
Costs for utility services, disclosure for property receiving services, 476.56
County utilities
   Bond issues, 331.441–331.449
   Financing by public agencies, ch 28F
   Use by national guard, 29A.60
Criminal mischief against utilities, 716.3
Deposits for services, debtor's exemption from execution, 627.6(15)
Disconnection and discontinuance of services, 476.20
Displaced persons from property acquired by utilities, relocation assistance for, 6B.42
Division for utilities in state commerce department, see COMMERCE DEPARTMENT, subhead
        Utilities Division
Easements, see EASEMENTS
Electric utilities
   See also HYDROELECTRIC POWER AND FACILITIES
   General provisions, ch 476, ch 476A, ch 478
   Actions against utilities, 616.8
   Alternate energy production facilities, regulation and development of, 476.41–476.48
   Alternate energy purchase programs, 476.1A(1f), 476.1B(1n), 476.47
   Antitrust complaints, 476.55
   Bridges on state boundaries, use by electric transmission lines, 314.11
   City utilities and utilities in cities, see subhead City Services, City Utilities, and Utilities in
            Cities above
   Coal-fueled generation facilities, emissions management, 476.6(21)
   Condemnation power and acquisitions by condemnation, see EMINENT DOMAIN, subhead
            Utilities, Power of and Acquisitions by Eminent Domain
   Construction of generation and transmission facilities, 476.53, 476A.1–476A.15
   Cooperative associations, nonprofit, ch 498
   Disconnection and discontinuance of services, 476.20
  Electric cooperatives
      General provisions, 476.1A
      Membership classes, 499.14A
      Patronage dividends, unclaimed by owner, disposition of, 216A.102(2b)
      Replacement taxes on electricity providers, see TAXATION, subhead Electricity and
              Electricity Providers, Cooperatives, Transmission Facilities, and Utilities
      Transmission lines taxation, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Electricity Providers and
              Electrical Systems
  Electric power agencies
      Facilities for electric generation and transmission, financing of, 390.9–390.25
      Funds, deposits in financial institutions, ch 12C
      Taxation of agencies, see TAXATION, subhead Electricity and Electricity Providers,
              Cooperatives, Transmission Facilities, and Utilities
      Transmission reliability requirements, 476.1B(1m)
  Eminent domain power and acquisitions by eminent domain, see EMINENT DOMAIN,
          subhead Utilities, Power of and Acquisitions by Eminent Domain
  Energy costs for property receiving services, disclosure of, 476.56
  Energy management program, 476.6(14)
  Franchises from cities, see CITIES, subhead Franchises and Franchise Elections
  Franchises from state for transmission lines, ch 478
  Fuel, costs review, 476.6(13)
  Highway rights-of-way, utility systems on and along, see HIGHWAYS, subhead Utility
          Systems on and along Highway Rights-of-Way
  Improvement projects, financial support by cities and counties, ch 419
  Interruption of services, criminal offense, 716.3
  Location in public rights-of-way, see subhead Rights-of-Way below
  Nuisance actions against utilities, defenses against, 657.1(2)
  Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Electricity Providers and Electrical
          Systems
  Railroad rights-of-way, lines located along and crossing, see RAILROADS, subhead Utilities
          Located along and Crossing Rights-of-Way
  Ratemaking principles, 476.53, 476A.4(5)
  Real estate improvement districts, 358C.4
  Rights-of-way in public rights-of-way, see subhead Rights-of-Way below
  Rural subdivisions, filing and approval of plans for, 306.21
  Security interests in collateral of transmitting utilities, see subhead Security Interests in
          Collateral of Transmitting Utilities below
  Service areas, establishment of, 476.22–476.26
  Substation construction, protection of homesteads from condemnation for, 478.15
  Taxation, see TAXATION, subhead Electricity and Electricity Providers, Cooperatives,
          Transmission Facilities, and Utilities
  Theft of services, criminal offense, 714.1(7)
  Underground facilities, location information for excavators, see EXCAVATION WORK AND
          EQUIPMENT, subhead Planned Excavations, Notification to Operators of
          Underground Facilities in Area
Eminent domain power and acquisitions by eminent domain, see EMINENT DOMAIN
Energy center, state, see ENERGY AND ENERGY SYSTEMS, subhead Center for Energy (Iowa
        Energy Center)
Fees imposed upon utilities as result of annexation to city, effective, 368.23
Foreign companies, ch 495
Franchises
    Bridges, interstate, use by utilities, 313A.27
    City franchises, see CITIES, subhead Franchises and Franchise Elections
    Electric transmission lines, construction and operation franchises, ch 478
Gas utilities and gasworks
    General provisions, ch 476
    City services, city utilities, and utilities in cities, see subhead City Services, City Utilities,
            and Utilities in Cities above
    Costs for property receiving services, disclosure of, 476.56
    Disconnection and discontinuance of services, 476.20
    Franchises from cities, see CITIES, subhead Franchises and Franchise Elections
    Interruption of services, criminal offense, 716.3
    Location in public rights-of-way, see subhead Rights-of-Way below
    Mains, laying in highways, 320.4–320.8, 331.362(8), 589.29
    Natural gas supply and cost review, 476.6(12)
    Pipelines, see PIPELINES AND PIPE SYSTEMS
    Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Utilities
    Real estate improvement districts, 358C.4
    Rights-of-way in public rights-of-way, see subhead Rights-of-Way below
    Security interests in collateral of transmitting utilities, see subhead Security Interests in
            Collateral of Transmitting Utilities below
    Taxation, see TAXATION, subhead Natural Gas and Natural Gas Providers, Pipelines, and
            Utilities
    Theft of services, criminal offense, 714.1(7)
    Underground storage and transportation facilities, location information for excavators, see
            EXCAVATION WORK AND EQUIPMENT, subhead Planned Excavations,
            Notification to Operators of Underground Facilities in Area
Generation facilities for electricity, see subhead Electric Utilities above
Global and regional environmental research center, funding for, 476.1A(1e), 476.1B(1k),
        476.1C(1), 476.10A
Heat services and heating plants in cities, see subhead City Services, City Utilities, and Utilities
        in Cities above
Highways and highway rights-of-way, use by utilities, see HIGHWAYS, subhead Utility Systems
        on and along Highway Rights-of-Way
Hydroelectric utilities, see HYDROELECTRIC POWER AND FACILITIES
Interruption of services, criminal offense, 716.3
Lighting, utility-owned, energy efficiency required, 474.5(2), 476.62
Light plants, see subhead Electric Utilities above
Location of utilities
    Information on underground facilities for excavators, see EXCAVATION WORK AND
            EQUIPMENT, subhead Planned Excavations, Notification to Operators of
            Underground Facilities in Area
   Relocation due to highway construction, see HIGHWAYS, subhead Utility Systems on and
            along Highway Rights-of-Way
   Rights-of-way, see subhead Rights-of-Way below
Low-income persons, energy assistance for, see ENERGY AND ENERGY SYSTEMS, subhead
       Assistance for Low-Income and Indigent Persons
Maintenance vehicles, stationary, operation of approaching vehicles, 321.323A
Manufactured home utility connections, installation of, 103A.52(4)
Meters, tampering with, prohibition, 714.1(7)
Mobile home utility connections, installation of, 103A.52(4)
Motor vehicles, see subhead Vehicles below
Municipal utilities and municipally owned utilities, see subhead City Services, City Utilities, and
       Utilities in Cities above
Natural gas utilities, see subhead Gas Utilities and Gasworks above
Peak-load management, 476.17
Pipelines, see PIPELINES AND PIPE SYSTEMS
Poor persons, energy assistance for, see ENERGY AND ENERGY SYSTEMS, subhead Assistance
       for Low-Income and Indigent Persons
Property acquired by condemnation, displaced persons relocation assistance, 6B.42
Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES
Publicly owned utilities, see subheads City Services, City Utilities, and Utilities in Cities; County
       Utilities above
Railroad rights-of-way, use by utilities, see RAILROADS, subhead Utilities Located along and
       Crossing Rights-of-Way
Railroads, see RAILROADS
Rates
   See also subhead Charges above
   General provisions, 476.4–476.8
   City services, billing and collection, 384.84
   Electric generation and transmission facilities, 476.53, 476A.4(5)
   Judicial review, 17A.19
Real estate improvement districts, improvements authorized, 358C.4
Relocation due to highway construction, see HIGHWAYS, subhead Utility Systems on and along
       Highway Rights-of-Way
Replacement taxes, see TAXATION, subheads Electricity and Electricity Providers,
       Cooperatives, Transmission Facilities, and Utilities; Natural Gas and Natural Gas
       Providers, Pipelines, and Utilities
Rights-of-way
   See also HIGHWAYS, subhead Utility Systems on and along Highway Rights-of-Way
   Bridges, interstate, franchises for use by utilities, 313A.27
   Management cost charge by local governments
       General provisions, ch 480A
       Recovery by utilities, 476.6(20)
   Railroad rights-of-way, use by utilities, see RAILROADS, subhead Utilities Located along
            and Crossing Rights-of-Way
   Structures required by utilities, location in highway rights-of-way, 318.9
Roads and road rights-of-way, use by utilities, see HIGHWAYS, subhead Utility Systems on and
        along Highway Rights-of-Way
Sales taxes, see SALES, SERVICES, AND USE TAXES
Sanitary districts, see SANITARY DISTRICTS
Sanitation utilities, see WASTE AND WASTE DISPOSAL
Security interests in collateral of transmitting utilities
    See also UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Secured Transactions, thereunder
             Transmitting Utilities
    Filing, perfection, and recordation, 554.1110, ch 554B
Sewage disposal and sewer utilities and services, see SEWAGE AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL
Sidewalks, location and operation of utilities in public rights-of-way, see subhead Rights-of-Way
        above
Snowmobile operation by utilities on railroad rights-of-way, 321G.13(1h)
Solar energy and solar energy systems, see SOLAR ENERGY AND SUNLIGHT
Solid waste disposal utilities, see WASTE AND WASTE DISPOSAL, subhead Solid Waste and
        Disposal of Solid Waste
State buildings, 8A.322
Steam production and transmission, security interests in transmitting utility collateral, see
        subhead Security Interests in Collateral of Transmitting Utilities above
Storm sewers and storm water drainage, see SEWAGE AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL, subhead
        Storm Sewers and Storm Water Drainage
Streetcars, see STREET RAILWAYS
Street railways, see STREET RAILWAYS
Streets and street rights-of-way, use by utilities, see HIGHWAYS, subhead Utility Systems on and
        along Highway Rights-of-Way
Subways, see SUBWAYS
Tariffs, filing of, 476.4, 476.4A
Taxation, see TAXATION
Telecommunications service, see TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND
        TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES
Telegraph service, see TELEGRAPH SERVICE AND TELEGRAPH COMPANIES
Telephone service, see TELEPHONE SERVICE AND TELEPHONE COMPANIES
Television, see TELEVISION AND TELEVISION EQUIPMENT
Theft of services, criminal offense, 714.1(7)
Transmission facilities for electricity, see subhead Electric Utilities above
Transmitting utilities, security interests in transmitting utility collateral, see subhead Security
        Interests in Collateral of Transmitting Utilities above
Transportation utilities, see CARRIERS
Trolley buses and bus services, see BUSES AND BUS SERVICES
Trolley cars, see STREET RAILWAYS
Underground facilities
    Information on underground facilities for excavators, see EXCAVATION WORK AND
             EQUIPMENT, subhead Planned Excavations, Notification to Operators of
             Underground Facilities in Area
    Relocation due to highway construction, see HIGHWAYS, subhead Utility Systems on and
             along Highway Rights-of-Way
   Rights-of-way, see subhead Rights-of-Way above
Vehicles
   All-terrain vehicle operation by utilities, 321.234A(1c), 321I.14(1h)
   Maintenance vehicles, stationary, operation of approaching vehicles, 321.323A
   Snowmobile operation by utilities on railroad rights-of-way, 321G.13(1h)
Waste disposal utilities, see WASTE AND WASTE DISPOSAL
Water districts and water associations, see WATER AND WATERCOURSES, subhead Districts
       and Associations
Water utilities and waterworks
   See also WATER AND WATERCOURSES, subhead Supplies and Supply Systems
   General provisions, ch 476
   City services, city utilities, and utilities in cities
       See also subhead City Services, City Utilities, and Utilities in Cities above
       Annexed territory, failure to provide to, 368.25
       Construction and improvement
            Bond issues, 384.23–384.36, 384.80–384.94
            Special assessments, 384.37–384.79
       Employees, civil service, 400.31
       Establishment and operation, legalizing Act, 592.9
       Fees for connections, 384.38(3)
       Franchises from cities, see CITIES, subhead Franchises and Franchise Elections
       Joint facilities and financing
            General provisions, ch 389
            Property taxes, exemption, 427.1(28)
            Sales tax on sales, 423.2(2)
       Services within two miles of city limits, 357.1A, 357A.2
       Special assessments for connections, 384.37–384.79
       Street paving projects, notice to water utility, 384.55
   Cooperative associations, see WATER AND WATERCOURSES, subhead Districts and
            Associations
   Counties, bond issues, 331.441–331.449
   Disconnection and discontinuation of services, 476.20
   Electricity sold to water companies, sales tax exemption, 423.3(53)
   Federated associations, membership authorized, 499.5A
   Interruptions of services, criminal offense, 716.3
   Location in public rights-of-way, see subhead Rights-of-Way above
   Mains, laying in highways, 320.4–320.8, 331.362(8), 589.29
   Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Utilities
   Real estate improvement districts, 358C.4
   Rights-of-way, see subhead Rights-of-Way above
   Security interests in collateral of transmitting utilities, see subhead Security Interests in
            Collateral of Transmitting Utilities above
   Taxation, see TAXATION, subhead Utilities
   Theft of services, criminal offense, 714.1(7)
   Treatment facilities operation, 455B.211–455B.224
   Underground facilities, location information for excavators, see EXCAVATION WORK AND
          EQUIPMENT, subhead Planned Excavations, Notification to Operators of
          Underground Facilities in Area
   Water districts and water associations, see WATER AND WATERCOURSES, subhead
          Districts and Associations
Wind energy, see WIND, subhead Energy and Power from Wind

UTILITIES DIVISION
See COMMERCE DEPARTMENT

UTILITY EQUIPMENT
Dealership agreements
   Franchise law exclusion, 523H.1(3c), 537A.10[1c(3)]
   Termination and repurchase of dealer's inventory, ch 322F

VACANT PROPERTY
Abandoned property, see ABANDONED PROPERTY
Industrial and commercial property, redevelopment of, see GRAYFIELD SITES
School buildings, lease of, availability and authorization, 7.20, 297.4, 331.361(7), 364.21

VACATION LEAVE
State employees, 70A.1(2, 7)
Wage payments to employees, ch 91A

VACCINES AND VACCINATIONS
See also IMMUNIZATIONS
Brucellosis vaccinations for animals, 164.3
First responders, vaccination program for, 135.146
Hepatitis vaccinations, see HEPATITIS
Hog-cholera serums and viruses, distribution of, 159.6(4), ch 166
Pseudorabies vaccinations for swine, 166D.11
Rabies vaccinations for dogs, 351.33–351.43
State purchase, storage, and distribution of vaccines, 7D.29(3), 135.11(5), 139A.8A

VALUES PROGRAM
See GROW IOWA VALUES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM

VALVES
Backflow prevention assembly testers, registration, ch 135K

VANDALISM
See also CRIMINAL MISCHIEF
See also MALICIOUS MISCHIEF
Insurance for vandalism, 515.48(1, 5e, 9), 515F.30–515F.38
Railroad vandalism
    General provisions, 716.10
   Penalty surcharge for offenses, see LAW ENFORCEMENT INITIATIVE SURCHARGE

VAN POOLS
General provisions, 325A.12(6)
Exemption from motor carrier regulation, 325A.13(4)
Resource and referral source, 307.10(10)

VANS
Motor vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Multipurpose Vehicles

VAPORS
See GASES

VARICELLA
Immunizations for children, see IMMUNIZATIONS, subhead Children

VAULTS
Funeral merchandise, see FUNERALS, subhead Services and Merchandise Sales and Sellers
Hotels and steamboats, keepers' and owners' liability for guests' property, ch 671
Public funds, treasurers to keep in safes and vaults, 12B.10
Safe deposit boxes, see SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES

VEGETABLES
See also PLANTS AND PLANT LIFE
Corn, see CORN AND CORN PRODUCTS
Farmers markets, see FARMERS MARKETS
Oil from vegetables, use as fuel, see FUELS, subhead Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blended Fuel
Potatoes, see POTATOES
Sales of vegetables, measurements and containers for sold commodities, 210.10–210.12
Seeds, see SEEDS
Soybeans, see SOYBEANS AND SOY PRODUCTS
Transportation of vegetables, preference in time by carrier, 327D.8
Vinegar, see VINEGAR

VEGETATION
See PLANTS AND PLANT LIFE

VEHICLES
All-terrain vehicles, see ALL-TERRAIN VEHICLES
Animal-drawn vehicles, see ANIMALS, subhead Vehicles Drawn by Animals
Bicycles, see BICYCLES AND BICYCLING
Horse-drawn vehicles, see ANIMALS, subhead Vehicles Drawn by Animals
Motorcycles, see MOTORCYCLES
Motorized bicycles, see MOTORIZED BICYCLES
Motor vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES
Mule-drawn vehicles, see ANIMALS, subhead Vehicles Drawn by Animals
Snowmobiles, see SNOWMOBILES

VEHICULAR HOMICIDE
See HOMICIDE, subhead Motor Vehicle Operation Causing Homicides

VENDING MACHINES
See also FOOD, subhead Vending Machines
See also TOBACCO AND TOBACCO PRODUCTS, subhead Vendors and Vending Machines
Coin-operated devices, tokens and devices used in, fraudulent practices, 714.8(7)
Lottery ticket (touchplay) machines, prohibition, 99G.30A

VENDORS AND VENDEES
See also SALES
Execution sales, purchasers at, waste and trespass rights, 658.7
Foreclosure of title bond, 654.11, 654.12
Forfeiture under realty contract, ch 656
Fraudulent conveyance, by vendee, 557.19
Fraudulent practice, 714.8
Liens by vendors, enforcement, 557.18, 557.19
Lis pendens, see LIS PENDENS
Real estate actions, constructive notice, 617.10–617.15
Real property sales, see REAL PROPERTY
Tax certificate holders, damages for waste or trespass, 658.9, 658.10
Tax liens, see LIENS
Title under judgment, effect of appellate court reversal, 625A.16

VENEREAL DISEASES
See also SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES
Diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of venereal disease, self-medication for, false advertising,
       126.16
Migrant labor camp food handlers with venereal disease, restrictions on, 138.13(9g)
Prophylactics for venereal disease, see CONTRACEPTIVE DRUGS, DEVICES, AND SERVICES
Sexual assault crime victims, treatment for prevention of venereal disease, cost payment for,
       13.31(5), 915.41, 915.94

VENISON
See DEER

VENTILATION AND VENTILATION EQUIPMENT
See HVAC SYSTEMS (HEATING, VENTILATION, AIR CONDITIONING)

VENTURE CAPITAL
See CAPITAL FUNDS AND INVESTMENTS

VENUE
Civil actions
   General provisions, ch 616
   Changes of venue, bonds filed for, approval by district court clerks, 602.8102(150)
Criminal actions
   General provisions, ch 803
   Changes of venue
        Appearance by county attorneys, 331.756(2)
        Delivery of defendants by county sheriffs, fees for, 815.8
        Discretionary review by appellate courts, 814.5, 814.6
        District court proceedings, duties of clerks, 602.8102(139)
   Federal lands, crimes committed on, 1.9, 1.10
   Fines, recovery actions, 616.3
Scheduled violations, 805.13
Traffic violations, 805.13

VESICULAR EXANTHEMA
Control of vesicular exanthema in animals, 159.6(2), ch 163

VESSELS (STEAM PRESSURE CONTAINMENT)
See STEAM ENERGY AND EQUIPMENT, subhead Pressure Vessels for Steam

VESSELS (WATERCRAFT)
See BOATS AND VESSELS

VETERANS AFFAIRS DEPARTMENT
See also STATE OFFICERS AND DEPARTMENTS
General provisions, 7E.5(1v), ch 35A
Chemical exposure of Vietnam Conflict veterans, information collection and investigations,
       36.1–36.9
Counseling program for veterans, 35.12
High school diploma award program for veterans, 256.9(44)
Home for veterans, state, see VETERANS AND VETERANS AFFAIRS, subhead Homes for
       Veterans
Homelessness council membership and duties, 16.100A
Information furnished by county commissions, 35B.11
Records of military personnel recorded by counties, confidentiality requirements for department,
       331.608(6e)
War orphans educational assistance fund administration, 35.8–35.11

VETERANS AND VETERANS AFFAIRS
See also MILITARY FORCES AND MILITARY AFFAIRS
General provisions, ch 35–ch 36
Agent Orange exposure during Vietnam Conflict, see VIETNAM CONFLICT, subhead Chemical
       Exposure of Vietnam Conflict Veterans
Alcohol abuse and dependency, reduction of, state assistance, 35.12
Assistance for veterans
   General provisions, 35A.13, 99G.9A, 422.7(46A), 422.12G
    Bonus compensation for veterans, see subhead Bonus Compensation for Veterans from State
            below
    Burial and funeral expenses, payment by county, 35B.13–35B.15, 331.381(6)
    Counseling program for veterans, 35.12
    County services for veterans, see subhead County Services for Veterans below
    Education services, see EDUCATION, EDUCATORS, AND EDUCATIONAL
            INSTITUTIONS, subhead Military Persons and Families, Education of
    Employment, see subhead Employment below
    Fraudulent practices to obtain assistance for veterans, 714.8(12)
    Health and medical care services for veterans, see subhead Health and Medical Care
            Services for Veterans below
    Home for veterans, state, see subhead Homes for Veterans below, thereunder State Veterans
            Home
    Home ownership assistance program, 16.54
    Injured veterans grant program, 35A.14, 422.7(46, 47)
    Preferences in public employment, see subhead Public Employment and Employees below
    Prisoners in jails and holding facilities, assistance for, 356.6A
    Small businesses, assistance for, 15.108(7g)
    Tax advice for deploying members, 35A.5(16)
Associations of veterans, see subhead Organizations and Associations of Veterans below
Benefits for veterans, see subhead Assistance for Veterans above
Bingo game operation by veterans associations, effect on property tax exemption of association,
        427.1(5)
Bonus compensation for veterans from state
    Merchant marine bonus, 35A.8(4)
    Vietnam Conflict bonuses, 35A.8(5), 35A.8A, 422.7(51)
Burials, see subhead Deaths and Dead Persons below
Card game tournaments conducted by veterans organizations, 99B.7B, 99B.8(6), 423.2(4)
Cemeteries and cemetery lots, see CEMETERIES, subhead Veterans of Military Service,
        Cemeteries and Cemetery Lots for and Graves of
Ceremonies for veterans, see subhead Honoring of Veterans below
Chemical exposure during Vietnam Conflict, see VIETNAM CONFLICT, subhead Chemical
        Exposure of Vietnam Conflict Veterans
Children of veterans
    See also subhead Families of Veterans below
    See also MILITARY FORCES AND MILITARY AFFAIRS, subhead Children of Military
            Forces Members
    Assistance and benefits, see subhead Assistance for Veterans above
    Property tax exemption, 426A.12
City civil service employment, preference for veterans, 400.10
Commemorations for veterans, see subhead Honoring of Veterans below
Commission of veterans affairs in state government, see VETERANS AFFAIRS DEPARTMENT
Commissions of veteran affairs, county
    See also subhead County Services for Veterans below
    General provisions, 35A.5(3, 6, 9, 14), 35A.16, 35A.17, ch 35B
    Appointment of members, 331.321(1g)
    Combination of duties with other county officers, 331.323(1)
    Removal of members, 331.321(3)
    Surety bonds for members, approval of, 331.502(14)
Commitment to facility under court order from another state, force and effect in Iowa, 229.30
Compensation from state, see subhead Bonus Compensation for Veterans from State above
Conservatorships for veterans, administration of, 633.614, 633.615, 633.617, 633.622
Corporations of veterans, see subhead Organizations and Associations of Veterans below
Counseling program for veterans, 35.12
County services for veterans
    See also subhead Commissions of Veteran Affairs, County, above
    General provisions, 331.381(6), 331.427(3h), 331.502(15), 331.508(5)
Day for honoring of veterans (Veterans Day), see VETERANS DAY
Deaths and dead persons
    Burial and funeral expenses, payment by county, 35B.13–35B.15, 331.381(6)
    Cemeteries, cemetery lots, and graves, see CEMETERIES, subhead Veterans of Military
             Service, Cemeteries and Cemetery Lots for and Graves of
    Flag presentation to spouse and family by governor, 35A.18
    Recording by counties, 22.7(46), 331.607(1), 331.608
Defoliant exposure during Vietnam Conflict, see VIETNAM CONFLICT, subhead Chemical
        Exposure of Vietnam Conflict Veterans
Department of veterans affairs in state government, see VETERANS AFFAIRS DEPARTMENT
Disabled and injured veterans
    Assistance, see subhead Assistance for Veterans above
    Fishing licenses, 483A.24(14)
    Grant program for injured veterans, 35A.14, 422.7(46, 47)
    Homes for disabled veterans, property tax exemption for, 427.1(10)
    Homesteads of disabled veterans, property tax credit for, 425.15
    Hunting licenses, 483A.24(14)
    Motor vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Military Forces Members and Veterans,
             Vehicles of
    Public employment, see subhead Public Employment and Employees below
Discharges from service, recording by counties, 22.7(46), 331.606A, 331.607(1), 331.608
Drug abuse and dependency, reduction of, state assistance, 35.12
Educational assistance and benefits, see EDUCATION, EDUCATORS, AND EDUCATIONAL
        INSTITUTIONS, subhead Military Persons and Families, Education of
Employment
    Public employees, see subhead Public Employment and Employees below
    Time off on Veterans Day for veterans, 91A.5A
Facilities for veterans, see subhead Homes for Veterans below
Families of veterans
    See also subheads Children of Veterans above; Spouses of Veterans below
    Educational assistance and benefits, see EDUCATION, EDUCATORS, AND
             EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS, subhead Military Persons and Families, Education
             of
    Flag presentation to family by governor, 35A.18
Fire fighter retirement system, military service credits for veterans, 410.7, 411.9
Fishing licenses for persons with disabilities and prisoners of war, 483A.24(14)
Funerals, see subhead Deaths and Dead Persons above
Gambling game operation by veterans associations
    Bingo game operation by associations, effect on property tax exemption of association,
            427.1(5)
    Card game tournaments conducted by organizations, 99B.7B, 99B.8(6), 423.2(4)
Graves of veterans, see CEMETERIES, subhead Veterans of Military Service, Cemeteries and
        Cemetery Lots for and Graves of
Health and medical care services for veterans
    Advance directive documents, validity and enforceability, 144A.3(4), 144B.3(4)
    Assisted living program tenants, federal benefits eligibility identification, 231C.5A
    Health care facility residents, federal benefits eligibility identification, 135C.31A
    Knoxville veterans hospital, jurisdiction of state, 1.11
    State and political subdivision facilities, contracts with federal government, 35.6
Herbicide exposure during Vietnam Conflict, see VIETNAM CONFLICT, subhead Chemical
        Exposure of Vietnam Conflict Veterans
High school diploma award program for veterans, 256.9(49)
Holiday for honoring veterans (Veterans Day), see VETERANS DAY
Homes and homesteads owned by veterans
    Home ownership assistance program, 16.54
    Manufactured homes and mobile homes of veterans, tax credits and exemptions for,
            426A.11(5), 435.26(1a)
    Tax credit for homesteads of veterans with disabilities, 425.15
Homes for veterans
    State veterans home
        See also STATE INSTITUTIONS
        General provisions, ch 35D
        Audits by state auditor, expenses reimbursement, 11.5B
        Construction, repair, and improvement program, 35A.10
        Contracts, see PUBLIC CONTRACTS, subhead Veterans Home Contracts
        Discharge of residents, rules for, 135C.14(8f)
        Smoking prohibitions, exemption from, 142D.4(11)
        Transporters of patients and residents, 321.1(8h)
    Tax exemption for soldiers homes, 427.1(10)
Homesteads owned by veterans, see subhead Homes and Homesteads Owned by Veterans above
Honoring of veterans
    Day for honoring of veterans (Veterans Day), see VETERANS DAY
    Honor guard services performance, 35A.12
    Memorials and monuments, see MEMORIALS AND MEMORIAL BUILDINGS;
            MONUMENTS (COMMEMORATIVE AND MEMORIAL)
    Trailers for flags in parades and ceremonies, exemption from vehicle registration, 321.18(10)
Hospitalization under court order from another state, force and effect in Iowa, 229.30
Hospitals and hospital services for veterans, see subhead Health and Medical Care Services for
        Veterans above
Hunting licenses for persons with disabilities and prisoners of war, 483A.24(14)
Husbands of veterans, see subhead Spouses of Veterans below
Incompetency, persons under, conservatorship administration for, 633.614, 633.615, 633.617,
         633.622
Indigent veterans, assistance for, see subhead Assistance for Veterans above
Injured veterans, see subhead Disabled and Injured Veterans above
Institutions for veterans, see subhead Homes for Veterans above
Knoxville veterans hospital, jurisdiction of state, 1.11
Manufactured homes of veterans, tax credits and exemptions for, 426A.11(5), 435.26(1a)
Married persons, see subhead Spouses of Veterans below
Marshalltown state veterans home, see subhead Homes for Veterans above, thereunder State
         Veterans Home
Medal recipients for military service, motor vehicle registration plates for, see MOTOR
         VEHICLES, subhead Registration and Registration Plates, thereunder Military Forces
         Members and Veterans, Plates and Fees for
Medical services for veterans, see subhead Health and Medical Care Services for Veterans
         above
Memorials to veterans, see MEMORIALS AND MEMORIAL BUILDINGS
Mental illness treatment, insurance coverage of, 514C.27
Merchant marine service, see MERCHANT MARINE
Mobile homes of veterans, tax credits and exemptions for, 426A.11(5), 435.26(1a)
Monuments to veterans, see MONUMENTS (COMMEMORATIVE AND MEMORIAL)
Motor vehicles of veterans, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Military Forces Members and
         Veterans, Vehicles of
Organizations and associations of veterans
    Commemorative property, protection of, 35A.5(11), 37A.1
    Gambling game operation, see subhead Gambling Game Operation by Veterans Associations
             above
    Honor guard services performance, 35A.12
    Misrepresentation of membership for solicitation purposes, criminal offense, 714.8(6)
    Property tax exemption, 427.1(5, 14)
Orphan children of veterans, educational assistance for, 35.8–35.11, 35A.5(4)
Pearl Harbor veterans, motor vehicle special registration plates for, 321.34(17)
Personnel records, recording by county, 22.7(46), 331.607(1), 331.608
Police officer retirement system military service credits for veterans, 410.7, 411.9
Preferences in public employment for veterans, see subhead Public Employment and Employees
         below
Prisoners in jails and holding facilities, assistance for, 356.6A
Property tax credits and exemptions for veterans, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Military
         Service Members and Veterans, Credits and Exemptions for
Public employment and employees
    Preferences in public employment
         General provisions, ch 35C
         City civil service positions, 400.10
         State personnel rules, 8A.413(22)
    Retirement benefits, credit for service, 97A.10A, 97B.80
    State government employment, 8A.402(2f)
Records, recording by county, 22.7(46), 331.607(1), 331.608
Relief for veterans, see subhead Assistance for Veterans above
Remembrances of veterans, see subhead Honoring of Veterans above
Reserves of United States armed forces, see MILITARY FORCES AND MILITARY AFFAIRS
Retired United States armed forces members, motor vehicle registration plates for, 321.34(19)
Services for veterans, see subhead Assistance for Veterans above
Small businesses owned and operated by veterans, assistance for, 15.108(7g)
Solicitations by veterans, misrepresentation in, criminal offense, 714.8(6)
Spouses of veterans
    See also subhead Families of Veterans above
    Assistance and benefits, see subhead Assistance for Veterans above
    Flag presentation to spouse by governor, 35A.18
    Property tax exemption, 426A.12
    Veterans home admission, 35D.4, 35D.5
State services for veterans, see subhead Assistance for Veterans above
Substance abuse and dependency in veterans, see SUBSTANCE ABUSE
Suicides by veterans, reduction of, state assistance, 35.12
Taxation, see TAXATION, subhead Military Service Members and Veterans
Vehicles of veterans, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Military Forces Members and Veterans,
        Vehicles of
Vietnam Conflict veterans
    Bonuses, 35A.8(5), 35A.8A, 422.7(51)
    Exposure to chemicals, see VIETNAM CONFLICT, subhead Chemical Exposure of Vietnam
            Conflict Veterans
Wards, conservatorship administration for, 633.614, 633.615, 633.617, 633.622
Wives of veterans, see subhead Spouses of Veterans above
Wounded veterans, see subhead Disabled and Injured Veterans above

VETERANS DAY
Designation and recognition, 1C.6
Employee time off for veterans, 91A.5A
High school diploma award ceremonies for veterans, 256.9(44)
Holidays, 1C.1, 1C.2, 1C.6

VETERINARY MEDICINE AND VETERINARY MEDICINE PRACTITIONERS
General provisions, 159.6(6), ch 169, ch 272C
Abandoned animals, destruction by veterinarians, 162.19
Agriculture and land stewardship department veterinarians, see AGRICULTURE AND LAND
        STEWARDSHIP DEPARTMENT
Brucellosis vaccination and testing, ch 163A, ch 164
Cattle health regulation and care, see subhead Livestock Health Regulation and Care below
Cholera eradication in hogs, see subhead Hog-Cholera Eradication below
Colleges of veterinary medicine, see COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Veterinary
        Medicine Colleges and Schools
Controlled substance dispensing and prescription, see CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES, subheads
        Dispensing and Distribution of Controlled Substances; Prescriptions of Controlled
        Substances and Prescriber Authority
Corporations for practice of veterinary medicine, see PROFESSIONAL CORPORATIONS
Drug dispensing and prescription, see DRUGS AND DRUG CONTROL, subheads Dispensing
        and Distribution of Drugs and Devices; Prescription Drugs and Devices, Prescriptions,
        and Prescriber Authority
Facilities for veterinary practice, see ANIMALS, subhead Facilities used for Animals
Hog-cholera eradication
    Destruction of infected and exposed swine, ch 166B
    Serum and viruses, compensation for, 166.38
Hog health regulation and care, see subhead Livestock Health Regulation and Care below
Hospitals for animals, regulation of, 162.11(2)
Insurance coverage for veterinary services, see INSURANCE
Liens of veterinarians for treatment of livestock, see LIENS, subhead Veterinarians' Liens
Limited liability companies for practice of veterinary medicine, see LIMITED LIABILITY
        COMPANIES
Livestock health regulation and care
    See also LIVESTOCK, subhead Health Regulation and Care for Livestock
    Brucellosis vaccination and testing, ch 163A, ch 164
    Hog-cholera eradication, see subhead Hog-Cholera Eradication above
    Liens for treatment of livestock, see LIENS, subhead Veterinarians' Liens
    Pseudorabies control, see PSEUDORABIES
    Scabies control in sheep, ch 166A
    Tuberculosis testing for cattle, ch 165
Poison purchases, 205.2
Prescription drug prescription and dispensing, see DRUGS AND DRUG CONTROL, subhead
        Prescription Drugs and Devices, Prescriptions, and Prescriber Authority
Pseudorabies control, see PSEUDORABIES
Rabies vaccinations by veterinarians, 351.33, 351.35, 351.36
Racing and gaming commission veterinarians, 99D.23(2)
Radiation machines, use of, ch 136C
Scabies control in sheep, ch 166A
Schools of veterinary medicine, see COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Veterinary
        Medicine Colleges and Schools
Sheep health regulation and care, see subhead Livestock Health Regulation and Care above
State veterinarian
    Hog-cholera eradication duties, 166B.2
    Pork producers council membership and duties, 183A.2
    Veterinary medicine board secretary duties, 169.5(4)
Swine health regulation and care, see subhead Livestock Health Regulation and Care above
Tuberculosis testing for cattle, ch 165
Violations of veterinary practice regulations, prosecution of, 331.756(31)

VETOES
Administrative rules, nullification of, Const Iowa III §40
Congressional bills, vetoes by president of United States, Const US I §7
General assembly bills, vetoes by governor, Const Iowa III §16; 3.4
VIADUCTS
Cities
    Construction and improvement, financing of, 384.23–384.36
    Primary road extensions, construction and maintenance of, 313.27
Mechanics' liens, attachment of, 572.7
Passing vehicles on approaches to viaducts, restrictions on, 321.304
Railroad viaducts, vandalism of, see VANDALISM, subhead Railroad Vandalism

VIATICAL SETTLEMENTS AND SETTLEMENT INVESTMENT CONTRACTS
Regulation of viatical settlement investment contracts
   General provisions, 502.102(28f, 31A)
   Exemption from securities registration, 502.201(9E)
   Issuer, 502.102(17d)
Regulation of viatical settlements
   General provisions, ch 508E
   Violations of insurance trade practices regulatory law, 507B.3(1)

VICE
General provisions, ch 725
Penalty surcharge for offenses, see LAW ENFORCEMENT INITIATIVE SURCHARGE

VICE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES
For provisions of the United States Constitution relating to the vice president, see
       CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES
For provisions of state law relating to the election of the vice president, see ELECTIONS,
       subhead President and Vice President of the United States

VICTIMS AND VICTIM RIGHTS
General provisions, ch 915
Adult abuse victims, ch 235B
Assistance program, 13.31
Children, protection of, see CHILDREN, subhead Protection Services
Communications with counselors, confidentiality of, 915.20A
Compensation for victims
   See also RESTITUTION, subheads Criminal Offenders, Restitution by; Juveniles Committing
           Delinquent Acts, Restitution by
   General provisions, 13.31(2), 602.8108(3), 915.80–915.94
   Correctional facilities inmates, witness fees paid to, application to compensation, 622.69
   Seized property disposition proceeds, use for compensation, 809.17
   Tax exemption for recipients of payments, 422.7(50)
Counseling and counselors for victims
   Communications to counselors, confidentiality and disclosure of, 915.20A
   Crime victim counseling services, compensation for, 915.86
   Presence of counselors at proceedings related to public offenses, 915.20
Court testimony from victims, see subhead Testimony from Victims below
Crime proceeds received by convicted felons, distribution to victims, 910.15, 915.100(2h)
Dependent adult abuse victims, ch 235B
Developmental disabilities, persons with, method of taking court testimony from, 915.38
Disaster victims, housing in public housing projects, 403A.8
Domestic abuse victims, see DOMESTIC ABUSE AND VIOLENCE
Forcible felony victims, liability of perpetrator to, ch 670A
Holocaust (World War II) victims, see WARS, CONFLICTS, AND BATTLES, subhead Victims
        Persecuted by World War II Axis Regimes
Juvenile delinquency victims, see JUVENILE JUSTICE, subhead Juvenile Delinquency
Mental illness, persons with, method of taking court testimony from, 915.38
Mental retardation, persons with, method of taking court testimony from, 915.38
Minors testifying in court, protection of, 915.38
No-contact and protective orders, ch 664A
Restitution for victims of criminal activities, see RESTITUTION, subheads Criminal Offenders,
        Restitution by; Juveniles Committing Delinquent Acts, Restitution by
Sexual abuse and assault victims, see SEXUAL ABUSE
Sexual harassment victims, past sexual behavior of, use as evidence in civil actions, 668.15
Sexual predation and violence victims, notification of discharge of offender, 915.45
Testimony from victims
   Protection of victims, 915.38
   Sexual abuse victims, jury instructions regarding, 709.6
War victims persecuted by World War II Axis regimes, see WARS, CONFLICTS, AND
        BATTLES
Witness testimony in court, see subhead Testimony from Victims above

VIDEO COMMUNICATIONS AND EQUIPMENT
Franchises for video services provider network construction and operation, ch 477A
Productions of video projects in Iowa, tax incentives for, 2.48, 15.119, 15.391–15.393,
       422.7(52), 422.11T, 422.11U, 422.33(23, 24), 422.35(23), 422.60(10, 11), 432.12J,
       432.12K, 533.329(2f), 533.329(2g)
Recordings of video and audiovisual works
   Invasion of privacy, see PRIVACY
   Minors engaged in sexual acts, depictions of, reporting by film and photographic processors,
           728.14
   Obscenity regulation, see OBSCENITY
   Playing machines, debtor's property, exemption from execution, 627.6(5)
   Rental and rental property
       General provisions, 702.20A
       Information on individual use of items, confidentiality and disclosure of, 727.11
       Sales tax exemption for rental, 423.3(41)
       Theft of video rental property, 714.1(9), 714.6A
   School textbook adoption and purchase, 301.1
Telecommunications services and service providers, see TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE
       AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES

VIETNAM CONFLICT
See also WARS, CONFLICTS, AND BATTLES
Bonus compensation for Vietnam Conflict veterans, 35A.8(5), 35A.8A, 422.7(51)
Chemical exposure of Vietnam Conflict veterans
   Damages received pursuant to judgments, exclusion from assets and taxation, 36.10,
          422.7(20)
   Information collection and investigations by veterans affairs department, 36.1–36.9

VILLAGES
Fire departments, federal flood control projects affecting, receipts allocation, 161E.15
Schoolhouse sites, location and size limit of, 297.1, 297.3
Telephone exchanges, 477.10–477.14

VINEGAR
Coloring, 190.8
Labeling requirements, 191.8
Standards for foods, 190.1(12)

VINES
See PLANTS AND PLANT LIFE

VINEYARDS AND VINTNERS
See ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES AND ALCOHOL

VINTON
Braille and sight saving school, see BLINDNESS AND BLIND PERSONS, subhead Braille and
        Sight Saving School

VINYL
Plastic container labeling, 455D.12

VIRAL DISEASES AND VIRUSES
See DISEASES

VISION
See also EYES
Blindness, see BLINDNESS AND BLIND PERSONS
Children, vision and vision impairments of
    Education of blind children, see BLINDNESS AND BLIND PERSONS, subhead Education of
            Blind Persons
    School programs for student eye care, 280.7A
    Treatment of eyes of newborns, 139A.38
Contact lenses, prescription and dispensing of, 147.108, 148C.9, 154.1(4b)
Disabilities, see BLINDNESS AND BLIND PERSONS
Eyeglasses and lenses for eyeglasses
    Prescription and dispensing of lenses, 147.109, 148C.9
    Sellers of glasses, applicability of optometry law to, 154.2
Impairments and impaired persons, see BLINDNESS AND BLIND PERSONS
Optometry, see OPTOMETRY AND OPTOMETRISTS

VISION IOWA BOARD
Community attraction and tourism program, administration of, see COMMUNITY ATTRACTION
       AND TOURISM PROGRAM
Vision Iowa program, administration of, see VISION IOWA PROGRAM

VISION IOWA PROGRAM
General provisions, 15F.301–15F.304
Employees of projects funded by program, medical insurance provision for, 15F.106
Finance, 12.71–12.77
School districts receiving vision Iowa program assistance, ineligibility for school infrastructure
       program assistance, 292.2(9)

VISITATION (OF CHILDREN)
See CHILDREN

VITAL STATISTICS AND RECORDS
See also ADOPTIONS, subhead Records and Statistics of Adoptions
See also ANNULMENTS OF MARRIAGE, subhead Records and Statistics of Annulments
See also BIRTHS, subhead Records and Statistics of Births
See also DEATHS AND DEAD PERSONS, subhead Records and Statistics of Deaths
See also DISSOLUTIONS OF MARRIAGE, subhead Records and Statistics of Dissolutions
See also MARRIAGE AND SPOUSES, subhead Records and Statistics of Marriages
See also NAMES, subhead Changing of Names
See also PATERNITY AND FATHERHOOD, subhead Records Relating to Paternity
See also PUBLIC RECORDS
General provisions, 135.11(9), ch 144, 331.601(4), 331.605(1f), 331.611

VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
General provisions, 256.7(2), ch 258
Agricultural technology programs of school districts, 280.20
Child labor law applicability, 92.9
Community colleges, see COMMUNITY COLLEGES AND MERGED AREAS
Courses of instruction, advertising and sales of, regulation, 714.17–714.23
Job training programs, 84A.6
Nonpublic schools, 256.11B
School-to-work programs, see SCHOOL-TO-WORK PROGRAMS
School-to-work transition system, 256.38
Tuition grants, 261.17

VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION
General provisions, 256.1(1d), ch 259
Division for vocational rehabilitation services in state education department, see EDUCATION
       DEPARTMENT, subhead Vocational Rehabilitation Services Division
Job placement and training program for persons with disabilities, 84A.6(3)
Workers' compensation recipients, additional payment for vocational rehabilitation, 85.70

VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION SERVICES DIVISION
See EDUCATION DEPARTMENT

VOICE
See also SPEECH
Electronic communications, see TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND
        TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES
Identification of voice samples in criminal investigations, nontestimonial identification
        procedures, ch 810
Recordings of voice, see AUDIO COMMUNICATIONS AND EQUIPMENT, subhead
        Recordings of Audio and Audiovisual Works

VOLUNTEERS AND VOLUNTEERISM
See also COMMUNITY SERVICE (PUBLIC SERVICE)
Ambulance drivers, workers' compensation for, 85.36(9), 85.61(11)
Commission on volunteer service
    General provisions, ch 15H
    Youth development council membership and duties, 216A.140
Conservators, state program for, 217.13
Cooperative associations, volunteers for, liability and indemnification, 497.33, 497.34, 498.35,
        498.36, 499.59, 499.59A
Corporations, nonprofit, volunteers for, personal liability, 504.901
Cultural affairs department, 303.1(2)
Emergency medical care providers, see EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES
Emergency vehicle operators, liability of volunteer operators, 613.17
Fire fighters, see FIRES AND FIRE PROTECTION, subhead Fire Fighters and Fire Fighting
Guardians, state program for, 217.13
Health care providers, state program for, 135.24
Human services department
    Service area office volunteers, record checks of, 217.44
    Services, 217.13
Local government, liability of volunteers for, 670.2
Medical care providers, state program for, 135.24
Nonprofit organizations, liability of volunteers for, 613.19
Peace officers, see PEACE OFFICERS, subhead Reserve Peace Officers
Ski patrol, national, liability for acts and omissions in emergency assistance, 613.17
State government, liability of volunteers for, 669.24
Tort liability, see TORTS AND TORT CLAIMS
Voter registration drives, 48A.22

VOTERS AND VOTING
See ELECTIONS

VOUCHERS
Claims payable by state, voucher required, 8A.514
Official misconduct, 721.2
State vouchers open to investigation, 70A.8

WAGERING
See GAMBLING

WAGES
See SALARIES AND WAGES

WAGONS
See MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Trailers and Semitrailers

WALKING AND WALKWAYS
Hiking, see HIKING
Moving walks, see MOVING WALKS
Pedestrians, see PEDESTRIANS
Sidewalks, see SIDEWALKS
Trails, see TRAILS

WALLS
Construction on state lands and waters, restrictions on, 461A.4–461A.6
Walls in common, ch 563

WARDENS (ANIMAL LAW ENFORCEMENT)
See ANIMALS, subhead Wardens for Enforcement of Animal Laws

WARDENS (CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES AND INSTITUTIONS)
See CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES AND INSTITUTIONS, subhead Superintendents of Facilities
      and Institutions

WARDS (CITY DIVISIONS)
See CITIES

WARDS (PERSONS)
See also CONSERVATORS AND CONSERVATORSHIPS
See also GUARDIANS AND GUARDIANSHIPS
See also PROBATE CODE, subheads Conservators and Conservatorships; Guardians and
       Guardianships
Lawsuits by wards against conservators and guardians, insurance for defendant's costs and
       damages, 237.13
Marriages and annulments of marriage, capacity of wards to contract and obtain, 595.3(5),
       598.29(4), 633.635(4)
Nonsupport of wards, see SUPPORT OF PERSONS, subhead Nonsupport of Children or Wards

WARDS (SCHOOL CORPORATION DIVISIONS)
General provisions, 279.11

WAREHOUSES AND WAREHOUSE OPERATORS
See also UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE
Agricultural products, warehouses for
    See also GRAIN, subhead Storage and Facilities for Storage of Grain
    Crop operation property, criminal offenses against, ch 717A
    Grain handling taxes, 428.35
    Licensing and regulation by state
       General provisions, 159.6(12), ch 203C
       Financial regulation by state, state tort claims immunity, 669.14(11)
       Financial statements for licenses, confidentiality, 22.7(12)
    Loss claims against warehouse operators, indemnification for, see GRAIN, subhead
           Depositors of Grain, Indemnification for Losses in Warehouses
    Taxation of services, 423.2(6)
Alcoholic beverages, warehouses for, see ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES AND ALCOHOL, subhead
       Warehouses for Liquor
Crops, warehouses for, see subhead Agricultural Products, Warehouses for, above
Feed, warehouses for, see subhead Agricultural Products, Warehouses for, above
Fraudulent practices, 714.8
Grain, warehouses for, see subhead Agricultural Products, Warehouses for, above
Improvement projects, financial support by cities and counties, ch 419
Liens of warehouse operators, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Documents of
       Title, thereunder Liens on Goods Covered by Documents
Liquor, warehouses for, see ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES AND ALCOHOL, subhead Warehouses
       for Liquor
Railroad access construction, eminent domain power, 6A.9
Receipts issued for stored goods
    See also DOCUMENTS OF TITLE
    See also UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Warehouse Receipts and Goods
           Covered by Warehouse Receipts
    Fraudulent practices relating to warehouse receipts, 714.8(1)
Speculative shell buildings, see SPECULATIVE SHELL BUILDINGS
State warehouses for alcoholic beverages, see ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES AND ALCOHOL,
       subhead Warehouses for Liquor
Tax exemptions for new warehouse construction, 427B.1–427B.6

WARMTH AND WARMING EQUIPMENT
See HEAT ENERGY AND HEATING EQUIPMENT

WARNING SYSTEMS
See ALARM SYSTEMS
See EMERGENCIES, EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT, AND EMERGENCY RESPONSES

WARRANTIES
Art buyers, protection of, ch 715B
Bank deposits and collections, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Bank Deposits
        and Collections
Computer software maintenance and support service contracts, sales taxes on, 423.2(1a)
Disabilities, persons with, assistive devices, ch 216E
Documents of title, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Documents of Title
Leases, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Leases
Letters of credit, 554.5110
Livestock sales, exemption from implied warranties under uniform commercial code, 554A.1
Motor vehicles, lemon law for, see LEMON LAW (MOTOR VEHICLES)
Negotiable instruments, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Negotiable Instruments
Sales, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Sales

WARRANTS
Administrative inspections, 124.502
Anticipatory warrants
    County limestone quarries, 353.6, 353.7
    School districts, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Warrants
    Self-supported municipal improvement districts, 386.12
    State, 7D.8
Arrest warrants, ch 804
Arson inspection warrants, 100.51–100.54
Bench warrants, judgment debtors, 630.11, 630.14
Boats or rafts, seizure, 667.1–667.5
Cigarettes and conveyances seized, 453A.32
Condemnation damages paid, 6B.31
Confidential information, 804.29, 808.13
Contempt, commitment, 665.7, 665.10
Conveyance under interstate extradition compact, 818.9
County warrants, see COUNTIES
Distress warrants, see DISTRESS WARRANTS
Fees for service by sheriffs, 331.655(1)
Interest on state warrants, 12B.2
Interest rates for public obligations and assessments, ch 74A
Public obligations unpaid for lack of funds, ch 74
School district warrants, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS
Search warrants, see SEARCHES AND SEIZURES
State warrants, see STATE OFFICERS AND DEPARTMENTS
Strip searches, 804.30
Supplementary assistance, 249.6, 249.8

WARRANTY DEEDS
See CONVEYANCES (REAL ESTATE), subhead Deeds

WARS, CONFLICTS, AND BATTLES
See also CIVIL WAR; NATIONAL DEFENSE AND SECURITY; VIETNAM CONFLICT
Commemorations of wars and conflicts, see MEMORIALS AND MEMORIAL BUILDINGS;
       MONUMENTS (COMMEMORATIVE AND MEMORIAL)
Debts of war, contracting by Iowa, Const Iowa VII §4
Declaration of war by United States Congress, Const US I §8
Engagement in war by states, prohibition, Const US I §10
Flag collection of Iowa, 303.2(2k)
Japanese persons, restitution for, see JAPANESE PERSONS
Looting during battle, criminal offense, 714.2(1)
Memorials of wars and conflicts, see MEMORIALS AND MEMORIAL BUILDINGS
Mental health institutes, emergency provisions for, 226.40–226.42
Military forces, see MILITARY FORCES AND MILITARY AFFAIRS
Missing persons and persons missing in action, see MILITARY FORCES AND MILITARY
       AFFAIRS, subhead Missing Military Persons and Persons Missing in Action (MIA)
Monuments to wars and conflicts, see MONUMENTS (COMMEMORATIVE AND MEMORIAL)
National guard, federal service by, 29A.53
Prisoners of war, see MILITARY FORCES AND MILITARY AFFAIRS, subhead Prisoners of War
       (POW)
Theft during battle, criminal offense, 714.2(1)
Treason, see TREASON
Veterans of wars and conflicts, see VETERANS AND VETERANS AFFAIRS
Victims persecuted by World War II Axis regimes
    Debt recoupment exemption for payments and income, 217.39
    Government benefit and entitlement eligibility, effect of payments and income on, 217.39
    Income tax exemption for payments, 422.7(35)
    Lien enforcement against payments and income, 217.39

WASHINGTON, GEORGE
Holiday for Washington's birthday, 1C.1

WASTE AND WASTE DISPOSAL
See also UTILITIES, subhead City Services, City Utilities, and Utilities in Cities
General provisions, ch 455B
Air pollution, see POLLUTION AND POLLUTION CONTROL
Animal waste and disposal of animal waste, see MANURE AND MANURE DISPOSAL
Composting, see COMPOSTING AND COMPOSTED MATERIALS
County solid waste facilities and services, bond issues for, 331.441–331.449, 331.461–331.471
Dumps and dumping grounds, see subhead Solid Waste and Disposal of Solid Waste below
Excrement and disposal of excrement, see SEWAGE AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL
Garbage and disposal of garbage, see subhead Solid Waste and Disposal of Solid Waste below
Gas, waste of, prohibition, ch 458A
Hazardous waste and disposal of hazardous waste
    General provisions, 455B.411–455B.432, 455B.441–455B.455, 455B.461–455B.468,
            455B.480–455B.488
    Cleanup costs, liability for, 455B.392
    Contaminated property, liabilities and responsibilities of owners, 455B.751–455B.754
    Household products disposal, 455B.488, 455E.11(2a), ch 455F, 455J.3(2)
    Incinerators, see subhead Incinerators below
    Infectious waste, see subhead Infectious Waste and Disposal of Infectious Waste below
    Radioactive waste and disposal of radioactive waste, 455B.315, 455B.331–455B.340,
            455B.486, 455B.487, 457B.1
    Sellers of property, reporting required, 558.69
    Spills, 455B.381–455B.399
    State property, disposal from, 8A.321(5)
    Storage of hazardous waste, unlawful, 716B.4
    Transportation of hazardous waste, see HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES AND MATERIALS,
            subhead Transportation of Hazardous Substances and Materials
    Treatment of hazardous waste, unlawful, 716B.4
    Waste reduction center, see subhead Reduction Center (University of Northern Iowa) below
Household waste and disposal of household waste, 455B.488, 455E.11(2a), ch 455F
Illegal discarding and dumping of solid waste, see subhead Litter and Littering below
Incinerators
    General provisions, 455B.301(10)
    Open burning prohibition, exception from, 100.40(3)
    Siting, local approval of, 455B.305A
Infectious waste and disposal of infectious waste
    General provisions, 455B.501, 455B.503–455B.505
    Emission standards for treatment or disposal facilities, 455B.133(4)
    Incinerators for waste, local approval procedure, 455B.305A
    Pathological radioactive waste incinerators, emission requirements, 455B.335A
Junkyard beautification, 306C.1–306C.9
Keep Iowa beautiful fund, 314.28
Landfills
    See also subhead Solid Waste and Disposal of Solid Waste below
    General provisions, 455B.301(22)
    Closure and postclosure care by cities and counties, liens for costs, 455B.302
    Junkyard beautification, 306C.1–306C.9
    Methane gas conversion property, tax exemption for, 427.1(29)
    Vehicles transporting waste to landfills, see subhead Solid Waste and Disposal of Solid
            Waste below, thereunder Transportation of Solid Waste
Litter and littering
    General provisions, 455B.307A, 455B.307B, 455B.361–455B.364
    County beautification program, 350.12
    Highways and roads, see HIGHWAYS, subhead Debris Thrown or Left on Highways
    Parks, 461A.43
    Prevention plan funding, 314.28
    Public property, 462A.12(3)
    Violation penalties, revenue from, disposition, 602.8108(9)
Livestock waste and disposal of livestock waste, see MANURE AND MANURE DISPOSAL
Manure and disposal of manure, see MANURE AND MANURE DISPOSAL
Medical waste and disposal of medical waste, see subhead Infectious Waste and Disposal of
        Infectious Waste above
Methane gas conversion property, tax exemption for, 427.1(29)
Oil, waste of, prohibition, ch 458A
Paper recycling, see RECYCLING AND RECYCLED PRODUCTS
Plumbing systems, see PLUMBING AND PLUMBERS
Radioactive waste and disposal of radioactive waste, 455B.315, 455B.331–455B.340, 455B.486,
        455B.487, 457B.1
Recycling, see RECYCLING AND RECYCLED PRODUCTS
Reduction center (university of northern Iowa)
    General provisions, 268.4
    Appropriations, 455E.11(2a)
    Confidentiality of assistance information held by center, 455B.484A
    Environmental auditor training program, 455K.10
Refuse and disposal of refuse, see subhead Solid Waste and Disposal of Solid Waste below
Rubbish and disposal of rubbish, see subhead Solid Waste and Disposal of Solid Waste below
Sanitary disposal projects, see subhead Solid Waste and Disposal of Solid Waste below,
        thereunder Collection and Disposal Facilities and Services
Sewage and sewage disposal, see SEWAGE AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL
Solid waste and disposal of solid waste
    See also subhead Landfills above
    See also GARBAGE AND GARBAGE DISPOSAL
    Baled solid waste, disposal at landfill, prohibition, 455D.9A
    Collection and disposal facilities and services
        See also Transportation of Solid Waste under this subhead below
        General provisions, 455B.301–455B.316, ch 455J
        City facilities and services
            Expansion, 455B.306A
            Financing, 384.23–384.36, 384.80–384.94
            Garbage can taxes in special charter cities, assessment against property, 420.190
            Garbage disposal plants, bond issues legalized, 592.1
        Closure and postclosure care
            Appropriations from counties, 331.427(3m)
            Costs of care provided by cities and counties, liens for, 455B.302
        County facilities and service, financing of, 331.441–331.449, 331.461–331.471
        Financing by public agencies, ch 28F
        Intergovernmental services, ch 28G
        Sales taxes on services, 423.2(7)
        Sellers of property, reporting required, 558.69
    Illegal discarding of solid waste, see subhead Litter and Littering above
    Litter and littering, see subhead Litter and Littering above
    Methane gas conversion property, tax exemption for, 427.1(29)
    Pick-up services, see Transportation of Solid Waste under this subhead below
    Recycling, see RECYCLING AND RECYCLED PRODUCTS
    Reduction of volume, ch 455D
    Sanitary disposal projects, see Collection and Disposal Facilities and Services under this
            subhead above
    Transportation of solid waste
        See also Collection and Disposal Facilities and Services under this subhead above
        Overweight vehicles, unloading of excess weight, 321.465
        Permits for operation of compacted rubbish vehicles, 321.236(8), 321.473
        Slow vehicle identification devices for garbage collection vehicles, 321.383(3)
    Waste reduction center, see subhead Reduction Center (University of Northern Iowa) above
Storm water, drainage and sewers for, see SEWAGE AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL, subhead Storm
        Sewers and Storm Water Drainage
Tank wagons, see TANK WAGONS
Tires, disposal of, 455D.11–455D.11C, 455D.11G, 455D.11I, 455D.15(3i), 455D.22–455D.25,
        455J.3(5)
Toilets, see TOILETS
Trash and disposal of trash, see subhead Solid Waste and Disposal of Solid Waste above
Trees, waste of, see TREES, subhead Injury to Trees
Wastepaper, recycling of, see RECYCLING AND RECYCLED PRODUCTS
Wastewater
    See also SEWAGE AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL
    On-site systems of homeowners, improvements of, financing program, 466.8, 466.9
    Rural water district facilities and services, 357A.11(11, 13)
    Treatment and facilities for treatment, 16.134, 16.135, 455B.211–455B.224
Water pollution, see POLLUTION AND POLLUTION CONTROL
Yard waste, disposal of, 455D.9, 455D.15(3h), 455J.3(1)

WASTE OF PROPERTY
General provisions, ch 658
Conservators, volunteer, liability for waste, 217.13(3)
Damages recovered by tax certificate holders, disposition, 331.502(42)
Guardians, volunteer, liability for waste, 217.13(3)

WATCHES
See also JEWELRY
Gold fineness standard for watchcases, 556E.1
Repair services, taxation of, 423.2(6)

WATCHPERSONS
Cemetery officers of townships, oath and police powers, 359.38, 359.39
Levee watchpersons in counties, employment, duties, and compensation, 468.169

WATER AND WATERCOURSES
Accretion, land formed by, jurisdiction and ownership, 456B.9, 568.18–568.20
Agricultural areas, water use priority, 352.11(2)
Agricultural production, water used in, sales tax exemptions, 423.3(6), 423.45(5)
Aircraft using lakes, restrictions, 462A.30
Allocation of water, see subheads Groundwater Conservation, Protection, and Use; Surface
       Water Conservation, Protection, and Use below
Aquaculture and aquatic products, see AQUACULTURE AND AQUATIC PRODUCTS
Aquifers, see subhead Groundwater Conservation, Protection, and Use below
Artesian waters, geological survey study, 456.3
Associations, see subhead Districts and Associations below
Attractions, promotion and enhancement of, financial assistance state program, see
        COMMUNITY ATTRACTION AND TOURISM PROGRAM
Avulsion, land formed by, jurisdiction and ownership, 456B.9, 568.18–568.20
Backflow prevention assembly testers, registration of, ch 135K
Bars in stream channels, sale by state, ch 568
Bathing facilities, see PLUMBING AND PLUMBERS
Bathrooms, see TOILETS
Benefited districts, see subhead Districts and Associations below
Beverages, see subhead Drinking Water below
Big Sioux river, see subhead Rivers and Streams below
Boats and boating, see BOATS AND VESSELS
Boundaries in watercourses
    County boundaries, concurrent jurisdiction over watercourses, 331.361(1)
    State boundaries, see STATE BOUNDARIES
Bridges, see BRIDGES
Canals, see CANALS
Canoes and canoeing, see BOATS AND VESSELS
Cedar river, see subhead Rivers and Streams below
Channels of water, see subhead Rivers and Streams below
Cities
    Flood control, see FLOODS AND FLOOD CONTROL
    Recreational areas, 461A.59–461A.78
    Services and utilities, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems below
Cleanliness of water, see subhead Quality of Water below
Conditioning services, taxation of sales of, 423.2(6)
Conservation and control of water, see subheads Groundwater Conservation, Protection, and
        Use; Surface Water Conservation, Protection, and Use below
Coordinator, appointment and duties, 455B.105(10)
County boundaries in watercourses, concurrent jurisdiction of watercourses, 331.361(1)
Craft, see BOATS AND VESSELS
Creeks, see subhead Rivers and Streams below
Crops, moisture content of, measuring devices, ch 215A
Culverts, see CULVERTS
Damage caused by water, insurance for, 515.48(1, 5c)
Dams, see DAMS
Deficiencies of water, see DROUGHTS
Des Moines river, see subhead Rivers and Streams below
Distribution systems, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems below
Districts and associations
    General provisions, 331.382(8), ch 357, ch 357A, 499.5(3)
    Annexation by cities, costs apportioned to annexed area, 384.84(8)
    Computer data of rural water districts, unauthorized access of, criminal offense, 716.6B
    Conservation districts, see SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION DISTRICTS
    Construction materials sold to rural water districts, sales tax exemption, 423.3(38)
    Cooperative associations, rural water districts organization as, 499.5(3)
    Federated association membership authorized, 499.5A
    Investments of funds of rural water districts, 331.555(6), 384.21, 905.6(4)
    Planning commissions, creation by water districts, ch 28I
    Public utility rate and service regulation applicability, 476.1
    Records of rural water districts
        Computer data, unauthorized access of, criminal offense, 716.6B
        Discussions in governmental bodies, closed sessions, 21.5(1k)
    Recreational lake districts, 331.382(8), ch 357E
    Rights-of-way, see UTILITIES, subhead Rights-of-Way
    Taxes for districts, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Water Districts, Taxes for
    Water quality districts, 331.382(8), ch 357E
Ditches
    Animal feeding operation structure location, separation distance from water sources, 459.310
    Drainage ditches, see DRAINAGE AND LEVEE DISTRICTS
    Highway ditches, reseeding of, 314.19
    Manure disposal proximity to water sources, 459.313, 459.314
Diversion of water, state jurisdiction of, 455B.261–455B.282
Docks, see DOCKS
Drainage, see DRAINAGE AND DRAINAGE SYSTEMS
Dredging, see DREDGING
Drinking water
    See also subhead Supplies and Supply Systems below
    See also BEVERAGES
    Emergencies, plan for providing water, 455B.173(7)
    Financing program for drinking water facilities, 16.131–16.133A, 455B.291–455B.299
    Standards, 455B.173(5)
Droughts, see DROUGHTS
Electricity generation, see HYDROELECTRIC POWER AND FACILITIES
Erosion and control of erosion by water, see EROSION AND EROSION CONTROL
Eurasian water milfoil, prevention, control, and eradication of, 456A.37, 805.8B(5)
Falls of water, water power rights from, acquisition and utilization, 464B.25
Farm ponds
    General provisions, 462A.2(15)
    Animal feeding operation structure location, separation distance from water sources, 459.310
    Manure disposal proximity, 459.313, 459.314
Faucets, see PLUMBING AND PLUMBERS
Federal water resources projects, easements for, 306.39, 306.40
Fire protection, water supplies for, see FIRES AND FIRE PROTECTION
Fish, see FISH
Fishing, see FISHING
Floodplains
    Animal feeding operation structure construction, 459.310(3)
    State jurisdiction, 455B.261–455B.282
    Zoning regulations, applicability of, 335.2
Floods and control of floods, see FLOODS AND FLOOD CONTROL
Fords
    Motor vehicle use, 462A.34A(2)
    Snowmobile use, 321G.13(1g)
Geology, see GEOLOGY AND GEOLOGISTS
Grain moisture content, measuring devices for, ch 215A
Groundwater conservation, protection, and use
    See also subhead Quality of Water below
    General provisions, 159.6(10), ch 161C, 455B.261–455B.282, ch 455E
    Agricultural drainage well regulation, see DRAINAGE AND DRAINAGE SYSTEMS, subhead
             Agricultural Drainage Wells and Well Areas
    Fertilizer and pesticide regulation, 206.24
    Sinkholes, contamination through, prevention program, 460.305
Groundwater professionals, certification of, 455B.474(9)
Harbors, see HARBORS
Hazardous substances, accidents reported, 321.266
Heaters, see PLUMBING AND PLUMBERS
Highway obstructions caused by alteration of water breaks, prohibition, ch 318
Hydroelectric power, see HYDROELECTRIC POWER AND FACILITIES
Hydrology and hydrologists, certification as groundwater professionals, 455B.474(9)
Hygienic laboratory, see HYGIENIC LABORATORY
Ice, see ICE
Impoundments and impoundment structures, property tax exemptions for, 427.1(20)
Improvement of water quality, see subhead Quality of Water below
Invasive species of animals and plants, prevention, control, and eradication, 456A.37, 805.8B(5)
Irrigation, see IRRIGATION
Islands in stream channels, sale by state, 461A.31, ch 568
Kayaks and kayaking, see BOATS AND VESSELS
Lagoons
    Animal feeding operation anaerobic lagoons, siting requirements, 455B.134(3f)
    Industrial anaerobic lagoon facilities, sulfate content rules, applicability, 455B.133(7)
    Sewage treatment, see SEWAGE AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL
Lakes
    See also subhead Surface Water Conservation, Protection, and Use below
    Aircraft using lakes, restrictions, 462A.30
    Animal feeding operation structure location, separation distance from water sources, 459.310
    Artificial lakes
        Construction, soil conservation requirements for, 456B.10
        Motorboat restrictions, 462A.31
    Attractions, promotion and enhancement of, financial assistance state program, see
             COMMUNITY ATTRACTION AND TOURISM PROGRAM
    Boats, see BOATS AND VESSELS
    Buoys, 462A.32
    Dams, see DAMS
    Districts, 331.382(8), ch 357E
    Docks, see DOCKS
    Dredging, see DREDGING
    Enhancement projects for attractions and tourism, 15F.201–15F.206, 15G.111(2b)
    Fish, see FISH
    Fishers and fishing, see FISHING
    Ice, see ICE
    Improvement, 461A.3
    Islands, sale by state, 461A.31
    Manure application proximity to water sources, 459.313, 459.314
    Motorboat operation, 462A.31
    Natural materials, removal of, restrictions, 461A.35, 461A.52–461A.57
    Parks, state, lakes established into, 461A.18
    Piers, see PIERS
    Recreation, see subhead Recreational Facilities and Uses below
    Renovation and restoration, 452A.79A, 456A.33B
    Rural improvement zones, 331.382(8), ch 357H
    State jurisdiction, 461A.18
    State waters, see STATE PROPERTY
    Tourism, promotion and enhancement of, financial assistance state program, see
            COMMUNITY ATTRACTION AND TOURISM PROGRAM
    Wharves, see WHARVES
    Wildlife conservation, ch 481A
Levee districts, see DRAINAGE AND LEVEE DISTRICTS
Levees, see LEVEES
Lines, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems below
Littering, prohibition, 462A.12(3)
Littoral lands and rights, see subhead Riparian Lands and Rights below
Losses caused by water, insurance for, 515.48(1, 5c)
Mains, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems below
Manure application proximity to water sources, 459.313, 459.314
Meandered streams, see subhead Rivers and Streams below
Milfoil prevention, control, and eradication, 456A.37, 805.8B(5)
Mississippi river, see subhead Rivers and Streams below
Missouri river, see subhead Rivers and Streams below
Motorboats, see BOATS AND VESSELS
Motor vehicle operation in and on water
    Ice on lakes and streams, 462A.33
    Rivers and streams, 462A.34A
Mussels, see MUSSELS
Natural river areas, ch 462B
Navigable waters
    Impairment of navigability, 455B.267(3)
    Public use, 462A.69
    Soil conservation law protection, 161A.2
Navigation by boats and vessels, see BOATS AND VESSELS
Nuisances and abatement of nuisances
    General provisions, 455B.275(1, 2), ch 657
    Dams without fishways, 481A.14
Obstructions by and in water
    Flooding, see FLOODS AND FLOOD CONTROL
    Highway obstructions caused by alteration of water breaks, prohibition, ch 318
    Nuisances, see subhead Nuisances and Abatement of Nuisances above
    State waters, removal of obstructions in, 461A.4–461A.6
Permits for use of water, 455B.261–455B.282
Pesticide application to water, prohibition, 455B.186
Piers, see PIERS
Pipes and pipe systems, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems below
Plumbing systems, see PLUMBING AND PLUMBERS
Pollution and control of pollution, see POLLUTION AND POLLUTION CONTROL
Ponds
    Animal feeding operation structure location, separation distance from water sources, 459.310
    Corruption or diversion, nuisance abatement, ch 657
    Farm ponds, see subhead Farm Ponds above
    Impoundments, property tax exemption, 427.1(20)
    Manure application proximity to water sources, 459.313, 459.314
    Wildlife, state ownership, 481A.2
Pools for swimming, see SWIMMING
Ports, see PORTS
Power from water
    Falls, acquisition and utilization for power, 464B.25
    Hydroelectric, see HYDROELECTRIC POWER AND FACILITIES
Precipitation, see ICE; RAIN; SNOW
Private property
    Improvements by state, authority, 456B.7–456B.9
    Public use, ch 461C
Private supplies and supply systems, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems below
Processing, water used in, sales tax exemption certificates, 423.45(5)
Property tax exemptions, 427.1(22)
Protection of water quality, see subhead Quality of Water below
Public property, see STATE PROPERTY
Public supplies and supply systems, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems below
Purple loosestrife prevention, control, and eradication, 456A.37, 805.8B(5)
Quality of water
    See also subheads Groundwater Conservation, Protection, and Use above; Surface Water
            Conservation, Protection, and Use below
    General provisions, 455B.171–455B.299
    Districts, see subhead Districts and Associations above
    Improvement initiatives and grants, ch 466, ch 466A
Races and raceways for water
    Banks, protection by mills and machineries, 464B.23, 464B.24
    Improvements, effect on water power rights, 464B.25
Rafts and rafting, see BOATS AND VESSELS
Railroad facilities and uses
    Changes in streams and watercourses by railroads, 6A.13, 6A.14
    Crossings by railroads, requirements, 327F.1–327F.3
   Engine water supplies, condemnation of land for, rights of landowners, 6A.11, 6A.12
Rain, see RAIN
Recreational facilities and uses
   Attraction and tourism promotion and enhancement, financial assistance for, see
           COMMUNITY ATTRACTION AND TOURISM PROGRAM
   Districts contiguous to recreational lakes, 331.382(8), ch 357E
   Establishment and use of recreational areas, 331.382(1b), 461A.59–461A.78
   Funding, ch 461
   Hazards from low head dams, warning and elimination of, 464A.11
   State and federal projects, 456A.29–456A.33
   Tax exemption for recreational lakes, 427.1(22)
   Trails for watercraft, see BOATS AND VESSELS, subhead Trails for Watercraft
Reservoirs
   Animal feeding operation structure location, separation distance from water sources, 459.310
   Condemnation of land for reservoirs
       Configuration of land set aside, 6A.11
       Rights of landowners, 6A.12
   Construction on land taken under eminent domain, limitation, 6B.26(2)
   Impoundments, property tax exemption, 427.1(20)
   Manure application proximity to water sources, 459.313, 459.314
   Railroad engine water supplies, land condemnation for, rights of landowners, 6A.11, 6A.12
Riparian lands and rights
   Access to water by owners after condemnation, 6A.12
   Boundary rivers
       Cities under special charter, state lands granted, riparian rights, 420.165
       Railroads on riparian land, requirements for construction and operation, 327F.5
       Rights of owners, 327F.4, 420.165
   Coal mining operations, effect on water rights and replacement of supply, 207.24
   Conservation easements, ch 457A
   Falls of streams, water power rights, 464B.25
Rivers and streams
   See also subhead Surface Water Conservation, Protection, and Use below
   See also BIG SIOUX RIVER
   See also CEDAR RIVER
   See also DES MOINES RIVER
   See also MISSISSIPPI RIVER
   See also MISSOURI RIVER
   Abandoned channels, sale by state, ch 568
   Accretion and avulsion, land formed by, ownership and jurisdiction, 456B.9, 568.18–568.20
   Animal feeding operation structure location, separation distance from water sources, 459.310
   Attractions, promotion and enhancement of, financial assistance for, see COMMUNITY
           ATTRACTION AND TOURISM PROGRAM
   Boats, see BOATS AND VESSELS
   Boundary waters, see STATE BOUNDARIES
   Bridges, see BRIDGES
   Cable system construction across rivers, ch 477
    Cities under special charter, improvements to waterfront, 420.155
    Craft, see BOATS AND VESSELS
    Dams, see DAMS
    Enhancement projects for attractions and tourism, 15F.201–15F.206, 15G.111(2b)
    Fish, see FISH
    Fishers and fishing, see FISHING
    Floods and flood control, see FLOODS AND FLOOD CONTROL
    Fords, see subhead Fords above
    Ice, see ICE
    Islands, sale by state, 461A.31, ch 568
    Manure application proximity to water sources, 459.313, 459.314
    Meandered streams
        Islands, sale of, restrictions, 461A.31
        State jurisdiction, 461A.18
    Motor vehicle operation in rivers and streams, 462A.34A
    Natural river areas, ch 462B
    Obstructions, see subhead Obstructions by and in Water above
    Railroads, changing streams and watercourses, powers, 6A.13, 6A.14
    Recreation, see subhead Recreational Facilities and Uses above
    Riparian lands and rights, see subhead Riparian Lands and Rights above
    Sand bars, sale by state, 461A.31, ch 568
    Scenic rivers in protected water area systems, 462B.15
    Snowmobile operation in rivers and streams, 321G.13(1g)
    State waters, see STATE PROPERTY
    Telegraph and telephone line construction across rivers, ch 477
    Tourism, promotion and enhancement of, financial assistance for, see COMMUNITY
            ATTRACTION AND TOURISM PROGRAM
    Vessels, see BOATS AND VESSELS
Rural areas and services
    Corporations for distribution and sales of water, property tax exemption, 427.1(17)
    Districts, see subhead Districts and Associations above
Sailing, see BOATS AND VESSELS
Sand bars, state property, sale authorized, ch 568
Saving of water, see subheads Groundwater Conservation, Protection, and Use above; Surface
        Water Conservation, Protection, and Use below
Scenic rivers in protected water area systems, 462B.15
Sewage and sewage disposal, see SEWAGE AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL
Shores and shore lands
    Obstructions to pedestrians along state waters, prohibition, 461A.4(1)
    Riparian lands and rights, see subhead Riparian Lands and Rights above
Showers, see PLUMBING AND PLUMBERS
Sinks, see PLUMBING AND PLUMBERS
Skiing, see BOATS AND VESSELS, subhead Water Ski Operation
Snow, see SNOW
Snowmobile operation in rivers and streams, 321G.13(1g)
Softening services, sales taxation, 423.2(6)
Spas, see SPAS
Spillways, see SPILLWAYS
State waters, see STATE PROPERTY
Steam, see STEAM ENERGY AND EQUIPMENT
Storage of water, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems below
Storm water
    Discharge, permits, 455B.103A
    Drainage and sewers, see SEWAGE AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL, subhead Storm Sewers and
            Storm Water Drainage
Streams, see subhead Rivers and Streams above
Supplies and supply systems
    See also subhead Drinking Water above
    See also HIGHWAYS, subhead Utility Systems on and along Highway Rights-of-Way
    See also PIPELINES AND PIPE SYSTEMS, subhead Water Lines and Water Mains
    See also UTILITIES, subhead Water Utilities and Waterworks
    General provisions, 455B.171–455B.199C
    Districts and associations, see subhead Districts and Associations above
    Financing by public agencies, ch 28F
    Fire protection, supplies for, see FIRES AND FIRE PROTECTION, subhead Water Supplies
            used for Fire Protection
    Hazardous conditions affecting water supplies, report to operator, 455B.386
    Highway rights-of-way, ch 320, 331.362(8)
    Location of underground facilities, information for excavators planning excavations in area,
            see EXCAVATION WORK AND EQUIPMENT, subhead Planned Excavations,
            Notification to Operators of Underground Facilities in Area
    Mains, laying permitted in highways, 320.4–320.8, 331.362(8), 589.29
    Plumbing systems, see PLUMBING AND PLUMBERS
    Railroad water supplies, condemnation of land for, rights of landowners, 6A.11, 6A.12
    Treatment, see subhead Treatment of Water below
    Wells, see WELLS
Surface water conservation, protection, and use
    See also subheads Lakes; Quality of Water; Rivers and Streams above
    General provisions, 159.6(10), ch 161C, 455B.261–455B.282, 456A.33, 456A.33A,
            456A.34, ch 466B
    Protected water area system, ch 462B
Swamplands, see SWAMPLANDS
Swimming, see SWIMMING
Tax exemptions, 427.1(22)
Tillage of land around water, prohibition, 455B.275(7)
Toilets, see TOILETS
Tourism, promotion and enhancement of, financial assistance state program, see COMMUNITY
        ATTRACTION AND TOURISM PROGRAM
Trails for watercraft, see BOATS AND VESSELS, subhead Trails for Watercraft
Transmission of water, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems above
Transportation of water, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems above
Treatment of water
    Certification of operators, ch 272C, 455B.211–455B.224
    Sales of treatment systems, consumer fraud protection, 714.16(2h–j)
    Wastewater treatment, see WASTE AND WASTE DISPOSAL, subhead Wastewater
Underground water
    Conservation, protection, and use of groundwater, see subhead Groundwater Conservation,
             Protection, and Use above
    Supplies and supply systems, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems above
    Wells, see WELLS
Use of water, see subheads Groundwater Conservation, Protection, and Use; Surface Water
        Conservation, Protection, and Use above
Utilities for provision of water, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems above
Vessels, see BOATS AND VESSELS
Wastewater, see WASTE AND WASTE DISPOSAL
Watercraft, see BOATS AND VESSELS
Water districts, see subhead Districts and Associations above
Watershed conservation, protection, and use, see subhead Surface Water Conservation,
        Protection, and Use above
Waterworks, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems above
Wells, see WELLS
Wetlands, see WETLANDS
Wharves, see WHARVES
Wildlife, see WILDLIFE
Withdrawal of water, see subheads Groundwater Conservation, Protection, and Use; Surface
        Water Conservation, Protection, and Use above

WATER CLOSETS
See TOILETS

WATERCRAFT AND WATERBORNE VESSELS
See BOATS AND VESSELS

WATERFOWL
Hunting, see HUNTING, subhead Game Hunting and Hunters

WEAPONS
See also EXPLOSIVE DEVICES AND MATERIALS
Acquisition of weapons, see subhead Carrying of Weapons below
Age restrictions for possession of weapons, 724.22
Airport fire fighters, acquisition of weapons permit as condition of employment, 724.6(2)
Ammunition
   Forfeited property, disposition, 809.21, 809A.17
   Offensive weapons, 724.1
Antique firearms, 724.1(9a), 724.25
Armed forces members, see subhead Military Forces Members below
Arrows, see ARCHERY AND ARCHERY EQUIPMENT
Assault, ch 708
Bearing of arms, right of, Const US Amend 2
Bows, see ARCHERY AND ARCHERY EQUIPMENT
Brandishing of weapons, criminal offenses by street gangs, ch 723A
Bullets, see subhead Ammunition above
Burglary offenses, ch 713
Carrying of weapons
   General provisions, 724.2, 724.3, 724.4
   Age restrictions for possession of weapons, 724.22
   All-terrain vehicles, restrictions on firearms carried on, 321I.14(2)
   Bearing of arms, right of, Const US Amend 2
   Felons, restoration of firearm rights to, 724.27, 914.7
   Highways, restrictions on vehicles carrying weapons on, 483A.36
   Permits to carry weapons, see subhead Permits to Carry Weapons below
   Rights of citizenship, restoration of, prohibition, 914.7
   School grounds, carrying of weapons on, criminal offense, 724.4B
   Snowmobiles, restrictions on firearms carried on, 321G.13(2)
Concealed weapons, prohibition, 724.4
Controlled substance violations, weapon possession, penalties, 124.401(1f)
Conveyance of weapons, see subhead Carrying of Weapons above
Correctional officers
   Permits, see subhead Permits to Carry Weapons below
   Possession and carrying of weapons authorized, 724.2(4), 724.4(4)
Criminal offenders, see subhead Felons below
Criminal offenses, ch 724
Daggers, see subhead Dangerous Weapons below
Dangerous weapons
   See also subhead Knives below
   General provisions, 702.7
   Assault with dangerous weapon, 708.1
   Brandishing of weapons by criminal street gangs, ch 723A
   Carrying of dangerous weapons, see subhead Carrying of Weapons above
   Going armed with intent to use weapon, criminal offenses, 708.8
   Intimidation with dangerous weapon, criminal offenses, 708.6, 723A.1(1c)
   Peace officers, disarming of, criminal offenses, 708.13
Debtor's property, exemption from execution on, 627.6(2)
Discharging of weapons
   Discharge near buildings and feedlots, prohibition, 481A.123
   Hunting activities, see HUNTING
   Reckless discharge of firearms, criminal offenses, 724.30
   Target shooting and shooting ranges, see TARGET SHOOTING AND SHOOTING RANGES
Emergency medical care providers, acquisition of weapons permit as condition of employment,
        724.6(2)
Emergency rescue technicians, acquisition of weapons permit as condition of employment,
        724.6(2)
Felons
   Eligibility for weapons permits, 724.8, 724.15, 724.25, 724.27
    Forcible felonies, firearm possession, minimum sentence for, 902.7
    Rights to firearms, restoration of, 724.27, 914.7
Firearms
    See also subheads Guns; Muskets; Pistols; Revolvers; Rifles; Shotguns below
    All-terrain vehicles, firearms carried on, restrictions, 321I.14(2)
    Antique firearms, 724.1(9a), 724.25
    Assault with firearms, 708.1
    Discharging of firearms, see subhead Discharging of Weapons above
    Forcible felony conviction, minimum sentence for, 902.7
    Hunting use, see HUNTING, subhead Weapons used in Hunting
    Nonambulatory persons, carrying of weapons on all-terrain vehicles and snowmobiles,
            321G.13(2), 321I.14(2)
    Parks, firearms use in, prohibition, 461A.42
    Political subdivision ordinances regulating firearms, prohibition, 724.28
    Powder used in firearms, exemptions from explosive materials regulation, 101A.11
    Repair services, sales taxation of, 423.2(6)
    Snowmobiles, firearms carried on, restrictions, 321G.13(2)
    Training program, 724.9
    Trigger activating devices, sales of, criminal offense, 724.29
Fire fighters, acquisition of weapons permit as condition of employment, 724.6(2)
Firing of weapons, see subhead Discharging of Weapons above
Forfeited property, disposition of, 809.21, 809A.17
Gang activities involving weapons, criminal offenses, ch 723A
Gifts of weapons, age restrictions for recipients, 724.22
Guns
    See also subhead Firearms above
    Spring guns, prohibition, 708.9
    Vehicles on highways, restrictions on guns transported, 483A.36
Hotel guests bringing in weapons, denial of services to and ejection of guests, 137C.25,
        137C.25C
Hunting use, see HUNTING, subhead Weapons used in Hunting
Injuries by weapons, see WOUNDS
Intimidation with dangerous weapon, criminal offenses, 708.6, 723A.1(1)
Investigation division investigators, carrying of weapons by, prohibition, 10A.403
Investigative agencies, private, weapons permits for, 724.6
Keeping of arms, right of, Const US Amend 2
Knives
    See also subhead Dangerous Weapons above
    Carrying of knives, criminal offenses, 724.4
Law enforcement officers, see subhead Peace Officers below
Loans of weapons, age restrictions for recipients, 724.22
Military forces members
    Possession authorized, 724.2(2), 724.4(4)
    Right to bear arms, Const US Amend 2
Muskets
    See also subhead Firearms above
    Debtor's property, exemption from execution on, 627.6(2)
National guard members, possession and carrying of weapons authorized, 724.2(2), 724.4(4)
Offensive weapons
    General provisions, 724.1
    Controlled substance violations, possession of weapon, penalties for, 124.401(1f)
    Felons, possession and transportation of weapons by, prohibition, 724.26
    Possession of weapons, prohibition, 724.2, 724.3
Parks, use of weapons in, see PARKS, subhead Weapons Use in Parks
Peace officers
    Disarming of peace officer, criminal offenses, 708.13
    Possession and carrying of weapons authorized, 724.2(1), 724.4(4)
    Reserve officers, carrying of weapons by, 80D.7, 724.2A
Permits to carry weapons
    General provisions, 724.2A, 724.5–724.13, 724.15–724.21
    Felons, eligibility for permits, 724.25, 724.27
    Records of permits and revocations of permits, 724.23
Pistols
    See also subhead Firearms above
    Acquisition of pistols, permits for, 724.15–724.21
    Dangerous weapons, see subhead Dangerous Weapons above
Police officers, see subhead Peace Officers above
Possession of weapons, see subhead Carrying of Weapons above
Preserves, use of weapons in, restrictions, 461A.42
Professional persons, weapons permits for, see subhead Permits to Carry Weapons above
Purchases of weapons, see subhead Sales of Weapons below
Ranges for shooting, see TARGET SHOOTING AND SHOOTING RANGES
Razors, see subhead Dangerous Weapons above
Receipt of weapons, see subhead Carrying of Weapons above
Reckless discharge of firearms, criminal offenses, 724.30
Registration records, disposal by county recorders, 331.606(3)
Revolvers
    See also subhead Firearms above
    Acquisition of revolvers, permits for, 724.15–724.21
    Dangerous weapons, see subhead Dangerous Weapons above
Rifles
    See also subhead Firearms above
    Dangerous weapons, see subhead Dangerous Weapons above
    Debtor's property, exemption from execution on, 627.6(2)
Robbery offenses, ch 711
Sales of weapons
    Age restrictions for buyers, 724.22
    Forfeited property, sales of, 809.21
    Permits, see subhead Permits to Carry Weapons above
    Records of sales, disposal by county recorders, 331.606(3)
Schools and nearby areas, possession of weapons in, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS,
        subhead Weapons Possession on and near School Property
Security agencies
    College security officers, requirements for, 80A.13
    Private security officers, weapons permits for, see subhead Permits to Carry Weapons above
Shells, see subhead Ammunition above
Shooting of weapons, see subhead Discharging of Weapons above
Shotguns
    See also subhead Firearms above
    Debtor's property, exemption from execution on, 627.6(2)
Spring guns, prohibition, 708.9
Stilettos, see subhead Dangerous Weapons above
Stolen weapons, trafficking in, criminal offenses, 724.16A
Switchblade knives, see subhead Knives above
Target shooting and shooting ranges, see TARGET SHOOTING AND SHOOTING RANGES
Terrorism, see TERRORISM
Training program for firearms, 724.9
Transportation of weapons, see subhead Carrying of Weapons above
Trigger activating devices for firearms, sales of, criminal offense, 724.29
Vehicles, guns carried in or on, see subhead Carrying of Weapons above
Weapons free zones, criminal offenses in, penalties, 724.4A
Wounds by weapons, see WOUNDS

WEARING APPAREL
See CLOTHING

WEASELS
See FUR-BEARING ANIMALS

WEATHER AND CLIMATE
See also FOG
See also RAIN
See also TORNADOES
Data on weather, collection and dissemination of, 159.5(4–6)
Disasters, see DISASTERS
Division of weather in state agriculture and land stewardship department, 159.5(4)
Droughts, see DROUGHTS
Floods, see FLOODS AND FLOOD CONTROL
Greenhouse gas emissions, see GREENHOUSE GASES
Insurance, see INSURANCE, subhead Weather Insurance
Research center, see GLOBAL AND REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, CENTER
        FOR
School bus loading and unloading in bad weather, 279.8, 321.372
Shelters for protection from weather, see STORM SHELTERS
State climatologist, appointment and duties of, 159.5(4)
Study of climate change by state, 455B.851, 473.7(12)

WEATHERIZATION
Delivery of community action programs, 216A.93
Funding for low-income weatherization, 216A.99, 476.51(5), 476.66(1)
Heads of household, qualification for weatherization assistance, 476.20

WEB AND WEBSITES
See INTERNET AND INTERNET SERVICES

WEDDINGS
See MARRIAGE AND SPOUSES

WEEDS AND WEED CONTROL
General provisions, ch 317, 331.321(1j, 3), 331.323(1), 331.362(6), 331.428(2a), 331.756(56)
Highways, weed control on, 331.362(6)
Marijuana, see MARIJUANA
Nuisance abatement, ch 657
Open prairies, tax exempt, weed control requirements, 427.1(22)
Property owner's responsibilities, county and city performance costs assessment to property,
       331.384, 364.12–364.13B
Railroad lands, weed control on, 327F.27–327F.29
Seed regulation, ch 199
Wildlife habitats, weed control requirements for tax exemption, 427.1(24)

WEEK
General provisions, 4.1(36)

WEIGHT AND MEASUREMENT
General provisions, Const US I §8; ch 210
Agricultural product moisture content, measuring devices for, ch 215A
Fraudulent practices, criminal offenses, 714.8(9)
Humans, obesity and overweight prevention, 135.27
Licensing, inspection, and regulation of scales, meters, and pumps, ch 214, ch 215
Livestock, weight and weighing of, see LIVESTOCK, subhead Weight and Weighing of Livestock
Manufactured homes, measurements of, taking and reporting by assessors, 441.17(10)
Metrologist, state, 213.1
Mobile homes, measurements of, taking and reporting by assessors, 441.17(10)
Motor fuel, see FUELS, subhead Pumps for Measuring and Dispensing of Motor Fuel
Motor vehicles, weight and size of, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Size, Weight, and Load
Railroads, weighing of transported commodities, see RAILROADS, subhead Weighing of
        Transported Commodities
Utility meters, tampering with, criminal offense, 714.1(7)

WELCOME CENTERS
Development program, 15.271, 15.272
Tourism information, dissemination, 15.273

WELFARE
See PUBLIC ASSISTANCE

WELLNESS
See HEALTH, HEALTH CARE, AND WELLNESS

WELLS
General provisions, 455B.171(40)
Abandoned wells
    General provisions, 455B.171(1), 455B.172(7, 9), 455B.173(9)
    Closing of abandoned private wells, grants for, 135.11(26)
    Plugging, 455B.190
    Reporting of locations of wells by sellers of property, 558.69
Agricultural drainage wells and well areas, see DRAINAGE AND DRAINAGE SYSTEMS,
        subhead Agricultural Drainage Wells and Well Areas
Construction and reconstruction of wells
    See also subhead Contractors and Drillers below
    General provisions, 455B.171(2), 455B.172(7, 9), 455B.173(9), 455B.187, 455B.188
    Emergency replacement, 455B.188
    Grants for rehabilitation of private wells, 135.11(26)
Contractors and drillers
    See also subhead Construction and Reconstruction of Wells above
    General provisions, 455B.171(3)
    Certification, 455B.172(8, 9), 455B.173(9), 455B.190A
    Council, 455B.190A
    Registration, 455B.172(8, 9), 455B.173(9), 455B.187
    Taxation of sales price of services, 423.2(6)
    Wastewater discharge from drilling sites, 455B.198
Drilling and drillers of wells, see subheads Construction and Reconstruction of Wells;
        Contractors and Drillers above
Gas wells, ch 458A
Interference with wells, compensation for, 455B.281
Locations of wells, reporting requirement for sales of property, 558.69
Manure disposal in proximity to wells, 459.313, 459.314
Oil wells, ch 458A
Reconstruction, rehabilitation, renovation, and replacement of wells, see subhead Construction
        and Reconstruction of Wells above
Sales of property, reporting of well locations by sellers, 558.69
Testing of private wells, grants for, 135.11(26)
Unused wells, see subhead Abandoned Wells above
Waste injection into wells, prohibition, 455B.465

WETLANDS
See also SWAMPLANDS
General provisions, 456B.1(4, 5)
Acquisition of wetlands by state, 456B.11
Conservation easements, ch 457A
Conservation reserve enhancement program, 466.5
Highway construction and maintenance, protection of land, 314.23, 314.24
Migratory game bird fee revenue use for wetlands, 484A.4
Protection, inventory, and designation of wetlands, 456B.12–456B.14, 654A.16
Tax exemption for wetlands, 427.1(23)

WHARVES
See also PORTS
Construction on state lands and waters, restrictions, 461A.4–461A.6

WHEAT
See CROPS
See GRAIN

WHEELCHAIRS AND WHEELCHAIR USERS
Lifts for wheelchairs, safety regulation and enforcement for
    General provisions, 84A.5(4), ch 89A, 91.4(9), 331.304(4)
    Changes and amendments to regulatory laws, 91.4(5)
    Judicial review of enforcement orders, 602.8102(25)
    Remedial actions, reporting of, 88.19
Motor vehicles for wheelchair users, registration fee, 321.109(1b), 321.124(3h)
Parking spaces and parking cones for persons with disabilities, 321L.2A
Seat belt use requirements for vehicle occupants, exceptions for wheelchair users, 321.445(5)
Trailers used to transport wheelchairs, registration plates for, 321.34(14), 321L.2(1a)

WHEEL TAXES
See TAXATION, subhead Motor Vehicles, thereunder Local Vehicle Taxes

WHISKEY
See ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES AND ALCOHOL

WHISTLES
Bicycles, restrictions on equipment and use of equipment, 321.434
Motorboats, equipment on, 462A.9
Motor vehicles, equipment on, see MOTOR VEHICLES

WHITE CANE SAFETY DAY
Notice and proclamation, 216C.8

WHITETAIL
Farm deer regulation, see FARM DEER
Hunting of whitetail, see HUNTING

WHOLESALERS AND WHOLESALE SALES
Alcoholic beverage wholesalers, see ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES AND ALCOHOL, subhead
      Wholesalers of Alcoholic Beverages
Cigarette wholesalers, see TOBACCO AND TOBACCO PRODUCTS, subhead Wholesalers of
       Cigarettes
Drug wholesale businesses and wholesalers, see DRUGS AND DRUG CONTROL, subhead
       Wholesale Businesses and Wholesalers
Motor vehicle wholesalers, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Wholesalers of Vehicles

WHOOPING COUGH (PERTUSSIS)
Immunizations for children, see IMMUNIZATIONS, subhead Children

WIDOWS AND WIDOWERS
See MARRIAGE AND SPOUSES, subhead Surviving Spouses

WILDLIFE
See also index heading for specific form of wildlife
General provisions, 456A.23, ch 481A
Areas for wildlife
    See also subhead Habitats for Wildlife below
    Commercial concessions, 461A.4
    Tax exemption, 427.1(22)
Bounties for wild animals, restrictions on county authority, 331.401(3)
Conservation of wildlife, see subhead Protection of Wildlife below
Damage and depredation by wild animals, management of, 481A.10A, ch 481C
Dangerous wild animals, regulation of possession, breeding, and importation of, ch 717F
Distressed or diseased wild animals, destruction and disposition of, 717B.6
Endangered species, protection of, see ENDANGERED SPECIES PROTECTION
Fur-bearing animals, see FUR-BEARING ANIMALS
Game animals, regulation of, see GAME
Habitats for wildlife
    See also subhead Areas for Wildlife above
    Bonds, 483A.3(2), 483A.50–483A.56
    Conservation easements, ch 457A
    Development of habitats, moneys for, 483A.1, 483A.3, 483A.3B, 483A.7(1, 3), 483A.8(1, 3),
            484B.10(2)
    Donations of property for habitats, recognition by state, 1C.15
    Tax exemption, 427.1(24)
Hunting of wildlife, see HUNTING
Injured wild animals, destruction and disposition of, 717B.6
Pets, regulation of possession, breeding, and importation of dangerous wild animals as, ch 717F
Preserves, state, ch 465C
Protection of wildlife
    Endangered and threatened species, see ENDANGERED SPECIES PROTECTION;
            THREATENED SPECIES PROTECTION
    Enforcement of laws and rules, interstate compact for, 456A.24(14)
    Moneys for protection of wildlife, Const Iowa VII §9; 422.12H, 456A.16–456A.19
Refuges for wildlife, see GAME, subhead Refuges for Game
Restoration of wildlife, cooperative projects for, 456A.27
Taking of wildlife, see HUNTING; TRAPPING AND TRAPS
Threatened species, protection of, see THREATENED SPECIES PROTECTION
Trapping of wildlife, see TRAPPING AND TRAPS
Violators of laws and rules relating to wildlife, interstate compact for enforcement, 456A.24(14)

WILLS
See also PROBATE CODE
General provisions, 4.1(37)
Alteration of will instrument, criminal offense, 716.5
Anatomical gifts, ch 142C
Destruction of will instrument, criminal offense, 716.5
Legalizing Acts, see LEGALIZING ACTS
Living wills, ch 144A
Married women, right to dispose of property by will, 597.1
Proof as evidence, exception for wills, 622.26

WIND
Breaks, see WINDBREAKS
Energy and power from wind
   See also ENERGY AND ENERGY SYSTEMS
   Building code standards to facilitate renewable energy development and use, 103A.8(8)
   Development initiatives and incentives, ch 469
   Electricity generation
       Improvement projects, financial support by cities and counties, ch 419
       Interconnection of small wind energy systems with electric utilities, 476.48
       Regulation and development of alternate facilities, 476.41–476.47
   Investment in facilities by banks, 524.802(14)
   Loans for systems, funding by Iowa finance authority, 16.37
   Taxation of production and conversion systems, see TAXATION, subhead Wind Energy
           Production and Conversion Systems
Erosion by wind, see EROSION AND EROSION CONTROL
Storms and weather events, see WEATHER AND CLIMATE

WINDBREAKS
Correctional institutions, soil resources productivity protection, 904.302(7)
Demonstration windbreaks in townships, trees provided by state, 456A.20
Highway ditch and drain obstructions, removal or destruction of, exemption for windbreaks,
       468.346, 468.347
Human services department institutions, soil resources productivity protection, 904.302(7)
Solar access easement grants, removal of trees providing windbreaks, 564A.5
Tax valuation for property with trees, 441.22

WINDMILLS
See WIND, subhead Energy and Power from Wind

WINDOWS
Motor vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES

WINDSHIELDS
Motor vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES

WINDSTORMS
See WEATHER AND CLIMATE

WINDSURFING VESSELS
See BOATS AND VESSELS, subhead Sailboards

WIND TURBINES
See WIND, subhead Energy and Power from Wind

WINE
See ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES AND ALCOHOL

WINERIES
See ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES AND ALCOHOL, subhead Vineyards, Vintners, and Wineries

WIPERS
Motor vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES

WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE
See TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES

WIRES
Barbed wire fences, see FENCES
Communication services, see TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND
        TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES
Electrical systems, see ELECTRICITY, ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS, AND ELECTRICIANS
Electric utility transmission wires, see UTILITIES, subhead Electric Utilities
Fence wires, see FENCES
Highways, utility wires on, see HIGHWAYS, subhead Utility Systems on and along Highway
        Rights-of-Way
Telegraph wires, see TELEGRAPH SERVICE AND TELEGRAPH COMPANIES, subhead Lines
        and Poles
Telephone wires, see TELEPHONE SERVICE AND TELEPHONE COMPANIES, subhead Lines
        and Poles
Television cable systems, see TELEVISION AND TELEVISION EQUIPMENT, subhead Cable
        Television Services and Systems
Underground facilities, location information for excavators, see EXCAVATION WORK AND
        EQUIPMENT, subhead Planned Excavations, Notification to Operators of Underground
        Facilities in Area

WIRETAPPING
General provisions, 727.8, ch 808B

WITHHOLDING TAXES
See INCOME TAXES

WITNESSES
Accidents involving vehicles, reports from witnesses, 321.267
Accused persons, see subhead Criminal Cases, Witnesses in, below
Adverse parties, examination, 624.1
Affidavits, see AFFIDAVITS
Appearance required, see subhead Attendance Required below
Arbitration proceedings, 679A.7
Arrests of witnesses
    Material witnesses, 804.11
    Persons from another state entering or passing through Iowa, exemption from arrest, 819.4
Attendance required
    Civil cases, 622.66, 622.67, 622.76
    Criminal cases, residents to attend in another state and persons from another state, ch 819
    Failure to attend, see subhead Failure to Attend or Testify below
    Subpoenas, see SUBPOENAS
Attestations and attesting witnesses
    See also subhead Subscribing Witnesses below
    Wills, 633.279–633.281, 633.295–633.297
Attorneys, information in confidential communications, disclosure of, 622.10
Bribery of witnesses
    See also subhead Tampering with Witnesses below
    Criminal offenses, 722.1, 722.2
    Subornation of perjury, offenses and penalties for offenses, 665.3(4), 720.3
Character of witnesses, evidence to impeach, 622.97
Children and minors
    Prosecuting witnesses, guardians ad litem for, 915.37
    Testimony in court, protections, 915.38
Citizens' aide investigations
    Fees, allowances, privileges, and immunities, 2C.21
    Subpoenas, 2C.9(4)
City criminal prosecution actions, payment of fees and mileage, 602.1303(7), 815.13
Civil rights commission hearings, 216.5
Communications, privileged and confidential, 622.8–622.11
Compensation for witnesses, see subhead Fees and Mileage for Witnesses below
Competency of witnesses, effect of religious opinions, Const Iowa I §4; 729.1–729.3
Contempt of court
    Failure to attend or testify, proceedings for contempt, 622.76, 622.77
    Punishment, ch 665
Contracts, unwritten, establishment by maker, 622.35
Coparties, costs of witnesses, taxation entitled, 625.12
Costs for witnesses, see subhead Fees and Mileage for Witnesses below
County attorney investigations, witnesses called to, fees and mileage, 331.756(81), 602.1303(8),
       815.3
County criminal prosecution actions, payment of fees and mileage, 602.1303(7), 815.13
Credibility of witnesses
   Facts shown to lessen credibility, 622.2
   Motor vehicle violation convictions, effect on credibility, 321.490
Criminal cases, witnesses in
   Cities, actions prosecuted by, payment of fees and mileage, 602.1303(7), 815.13
   Confrontation by accused persons with witnesses, rights, Const US Amend 6; Const Iowa I
            §10
   Counties, actions prosecuted by, payment of fees and mileage, 602.1303(7), 815.13
   Employment discrimination against witnesses, prohibition, 915.23
   Fees for witnesses, see subhead Fees and Mileage for Witnesses below
   Harassment or intimidation, prohibition, 915.22
   Indigent defendants, witnesses secured for, compensation, 815.4, 815.5
   Material witnesses, see subhead Material Witnesses below
   Mileage for witnesses, see subhead Fees and Mileage for Witnesses below
   Obtaining witnesses by accused persons, compulsory process entitlement rights, Const US
            Amend 6; Const Iowa I §10
   Persons in another state and persons from another state, securing, ch 819
   Prisoner witnesses, rendition to and from another state, ch 819A
   Protection of victims, 915.37, 915.38
   Self-incrimination prohibition, Const US Amend 5
   Televising testimony to courtroom, 915.38
Criminalistics laboratory employees, legal proceedings, 691.2
Cross-examination of witnesses
   General provisions, 624.1
   Affidavits given, 622.90
   Affidavits, taking, 622.89
Deaf and hard-of-hearing persons, interpreter appointed for, ch 622B
Defendants in criminal cases, see subhead Criminal Cases, Witnesses in, above
Depositions, see DEPOSITIONS
Detaining witnesses, contempt, 665.2
Developmental disabilities, persons with, method of taking testimony, 915.38
Disqualification, 622.9–622.11
Dissolution of marriage hearings, 598.8
Duces tecum, 622.65
Evidence, court reporter's notes and transcripts, 622.97–622.101
Examination of witnesses
   General provisions, 624.1
   Cross-examination, see subhead Cross-Examination of Witnesses above
   Discovery, see DISCOVERY
   Interrogatories, see INTERROGATORIES
Expenses for witnesses, see subhead Fees and Mileage for Witnesses below
Expert witnesses
   Actions by and against state, expenses awarded, 625.28, 625.29
    Compensation, 622.72
    Criminal cases, compensation awarded, 815.5
    Handwriting, evidence given, 622.25
    Medical malpractice cases, qualification, 147.139
    Professional liability cases, under comparative fault, disclosure, 668.11
Failure to attend or testify
    Civil liability not grounds, 622.13
    Contempt of court, 622.76, 622.77, ch 665
    Inducing, criminal offense, 719.3
    Liability, 622.76
    Material witnesses, failure to appear, penalty, 811.2(8)
Fees and mileage for witnesses
    General provisions, 331.506(2), 602.1302(3, 4), 622.69–622.75, 815.13
    Assessed against losing party, limitation, 625.2
    County attorney investigations, witnesses called to, 815.3
    Criminal cases
        Cities and counties, actions prosecuted by, payment of fees and mileage, 602.1303(7),
                 815.13
        Exclusion of fees from publication by counties, 349.16
        Payment by counties, 331.506(2)
    Depositions, 622.104
    Deposit with clerk, subpoena issued, 622.67
    Garnishees as witnesses, 642.8
    General assembly, witnesses before, 2.24
    Grand jury witnesses
        Exclusion of fees from publication by counties, 349.16
        Payment by counties, 331.506(2)
    Indigent defendants, witnesses secured for, 815.4
    Judgment debtor examinations, 630.13
    Juvenile court proceedings, 232.141
    Legislative committees, 2.24
    Material witnesses, fees, 815.6
    Mental retardation adjudication, 222.48
    Publication by county, exclusion from, 349.16
    Public officers removal proceedings, 66.28
    Revenue department hearings, 421.23
    Taxation as costs, 625.2, 625.12, 625.14
Fire fighters, volunteer, compensation for, 622.71A
Foreign language speakers, interpreters for, appointment, ch 622A
Garnishees as witnesses, 642.6–642.9
General assembly, witnesses before
    Appearance compelled, 2.23
    Assault against or prevention of appearance of general assembly witnesses, punishment of
            offenders, 2.18(5)
    Compensation, 2.24
    Tampering with witnesses, see subhead Tampering with Witnesses below
Grand jury witnesses
    Deaf and hard-of-hearing persons, interpreters for, appointment, ch 622B
    Fees and mileage for witnesses, see subhead Fees and Mileage for Witnesses above
    Non-English speaking persons, interpreters for, appointment, ch 622A
    Persons in and from another state, securing, ch 819
    Prisoner witnesses, rendition to and from another state, ch 819A
Guardians ad litem for child witnesses, 915.37
Hiding witnesses, subpoena service on, 622.78
Hospital license hearings, 135B.6
Husbands as witnesses, 622.8, 622.9, 726.4
Impeachment of witnesses
    General provisions, 624.1
    Court reporter's notes and transcripts, use for impeachment, 622.97
Impeachment trials
    Compensation, 68.14
    Process for compelling attendance, 68.12
    Subpoenas, 68.10, 68.11
Incrimination, see INCRIMINATION
Indigent defendants, witnesses secured for, compensation, 815.4, 815.5
Inmates of correctional facilities, see subhead Prisoners below
Interested persons, Const Iowa I §4; 622.3
Interpreters for witnesses
    Deaf and hard-of-hearing persons, appointment for, ch 622B
    Non-English speaking persons, appointment for, ch 622A
Jail prisoners, see subhead Prisoners below
Judgment debtor examination, 630.5
Jurors as witnesses
    Fees and mileage, 622.70
    Restrictions, 624.14
Juvenile court proceedings, 232.141
Labor disputes, arbitration, 679B.8–679B.11
Land surveyors, authority to administer oaths, 542B.19
Legislature, witnesses before, see subhead General Assembly, Witnesses Before, above
Lottery authority chief executive officer's inquiries, investigations, and hearings, 99G.6
Marriage dissolution hearings, 598.8
Married persons as witnesses, 622.8, 622.9, 726.4
Material witnesses
    Arrest and initial appearance, 804.11, 804.23
    Defendants released from custody, failure to appear, penalty, 811.2(8)
    Fees, 815.6
    From another state, presence secured, ch 819
    Prisoner witnesses, rendition to and from another state, ch 819A
Mental illness, persons with, method of taking testimony, 915.38
Mental retardation, persons with, method of taking testimony, 915.38
Mileage for witnesses, see subhead Fees and Mileage for Witnesses above
Military courts, see MILITARY FORCES AND MILITARY AFFAIRS, subhead Justice and
        Judicial Procedure for Military Forces
Minors, see subhead Children and Minors above
Motor vehicle accidents, reports from witnesses, 321.267
Motor vehicle law violations, effect on credibility of witness, 321.490
Natural resources department hearings, oil, gas, and metallic mineral production, 458A.12
Non-English speaking persons, interpreters for, appointment, ch 622A
Nonresidents, criminal proceedings, securing presence, ch 819
Outside of state, securing from, ch 819, ch 819A
Parole board, subpoena powers, 906.8
Parties to actions, Const Iowa I §4; 622.3
Pay for witnesses, see subhead Fees and Mileage for Witnesses above
Peace officers, fees for, 622.71
Perjury, see PERJURY
Physicians and surgeons, information in confidential communications, disclosure of, 622.10
Prisoners
    Correctional facility inmates, fees applied to restitution or victim compensation, 622.69
    Examination method, 622.82
    Rendition to and from another state of prisoner witnesses in criminal proceedings, ch 819A
Privileged communications, 622.9–622.11
Professional practitioners, communications in confidence, disclosure of, 622.10
Prosecuting witnesses, guardian ad litem appointment for children, 915.37
Protection, 915.35–915.38
Public officers, examinations as to communications in official confidence, 622.11
Refusal to attend or testify, see subhead Failure to Attend or Testify above
Religious opinions, effect on competency, Const Iowa I §4; 729.1–729.3
Rendition of prisoner witnesses in criminal proceedings, ch 819A
Reputation, to test credibility, 622.2
Revenue department hearings, fees and mileage, 421.23
Securing from without the state, ch 819, ch 819A
Self-incrimination by witnesses, prohibition, Const US Amend 5
Sexual abuse and assault witnesses, see SEXUAL ABUSE, subhead Victims of and Witnesses to
        Sexual Abuse and Rights of Victims and Witnesses
Spouses as witnesses, 622.8, 622.9, 726.4
State officer removal proceedings, 66.27, 66.28
State officer suspension proceedings, 67.2, 67.3
Stenographers, information in confidential communications, disclosure of, 622.10
Subornation of perjury, offenses and penalties for offenses, 665.3(4), 720.3
Subpoenas, see SUBPOENAS
Subscribing witnesses
    See also subhead Attestations and Attesting Witnesses above
    Execution of instrument, proof by other evidence, 622.24
Tampering with witnesses
    See also subhead Bribery of Witnesses above
    Criminal offense, 720.4
    Gang activities, criminal offenses, ch 723A
Testimony
   Children, minors, and persons with mental illness, mental retardation, and developmental
           disabilities, method of taking testimony, 915.38
   Court reporter's notes and transcripts, 622.97–622.101
   Depositions, see DEPOSITIONS
   Failure to testify, see subhead Failure to Attend or Testify above
   Perjury, see PERJURY
   Subpoenas, see SUBPOENAS
   Televising to courtroom, 915.38
Victims in criminal cases, protection of, 915.37, 915.38
Wills, witnesses to
   Attesting witnesses, 633.279–633.281
   Proving of wills, 633.295–633.297
Without the state, securing from, ch 819, ch 819A
Wives as witnesses, 622.8, 622.9, 726.4

WIVES
See MARRIAGE AND SPOUSES

WOLVES
See CANINE ANIMALS

WOMEN
See also GENDER
Abortions, see ABORTIONS
Assistance for women, 216A.51–216A.54
Births of children, see BIRTHS
Breast cancer, see CANCER
Businesses owned, operated, or managed by women, assistance for, see SMALL BUSINESS AND
         BUSINESSES, subhead Assistance for Small Business
Cervical cancer, see CANCER
Comparable worth compensation for state employees, 70A.18
Deaths of women, measure of recovery in actions for damages, 613.15
Displaced homemakers, service providers for, ch 241
Equality of women, Const Iowa I §1
Farm program publicized to women, 159.18
Food program for women, see FOOD, subhead Programs for Provision of Food
Health and health care, see HEALTH, HEALTH CARE, AND WELLNESS, subhead Maternal
         Health, Health Care, and Wellness
Indigent persons, obstetrical and newborn care for, 135.152
Injuries to women, measure of recovery in actions for damages, 613.15
Jail prisoners, separation from men, 356.4
Mammography, see MAMMOGRAPHY
Marriage and married persons, see MARRIAGE AND SPOUSES
Maternity and motherhood, see MATERNITY AND MOTHERHOOD
Minority programs and services, see MINORITY PERSONS
Obstetrical care, see HEALTH, HEALTH CARE, AND WELLNESS, subhead Maternal Health,
       Health Care, and Wellness
Parenthood, see PARENTS
Perinatal care, see HEALTH, HEALTH CARE, AND WELLNESS, subhead Maternal Health,
       Health Care, and Wellness
Pregnancy, see PREGNANCY
Regents institutions faculty recruitment program for women, 262.81, 262.82, 262.93
Rights of women, Const US Amend 19; Const Iowa I §1
School administrator advancement program for women, 256.23
Services for women, 216A.51–216A.54
Small businesses owned, operated, or managed by women, assistance for, see SMALL BUSINESS
       AND BUSINESSES, subhead Assistance for Small Business
Spouses, see MARRIAGE AND SPOUSES
State employees, compensation based on comparable worth, 70A.18
Violence against women program and federal grants, administration of, 13.31(6)
Voting rights for women, Const US Amend 19
Wellness, see HEALTH, HEALTH CARE, AND WELLNESS, subhead Maternal Health, Health
       Care, and Wellness
Widows, see MARRIAGE AND SPOUSES, subhead Surviving Spouses
Wives, see MARRIAGE AND SPOUSES

WOMEN'S CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION (MITCHELLVILLE)
See CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES AND INSTITUTIONS, subhead Correctional Institution for
      Women (Mitchellville)

WOOD AND WOOD PRODUCTS
See also LUMBER AND LUMBERYARDS
See also TREES
Advertising of wood for sale, information disclosure in, 714.16(2m)
Lost property, duties and rights of finders of, see LOST PROPERTY
Measure of wood by standard log rule, 210.26
Recycling of wood, property used for, tax exemption, 427.1(19)
Removal of wood from state land, permits for, 461A.52, 461A.53

WOODCHUCKS
Shooting of woodchucks, 483A.24(1)

WOODLANDS
See FORESTS AND FORESTRY

WOODWARD
State resource center, see RESOURCE CENTERS, STATE

WOOL
Board for promotion of sheep and wool, see subhead Sheep and Wool Promotion Board below
Excise taxes on wool, see TAXATION, subhead Wool, Excise Tax Assessment on
Grading of wool, 203C.20
Sheep and wool promotion board
   General provisions, ch 182
   Excise taxes on wool, see TAXATION, subhead Wool, Excise Tax Assessment on
   State aid for board, 159.6(8)
   State fair convention representation for board, 173.3
Taxation of wool, see TAXATION
Weighing of wool, 203C.20

WORK
See LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT

WORKERS' COMPENSATION
See also OCCUPATIONAL DISEASE COMPENSATION
See also OCCUPATIONAL HEARING LOSS COMPENSATION
General provisions, ch 85
Agricultural workers, 85.1(3)
Alien dependents, benefit payments to, 85.31(5), 85.51–85.53
Ambulance drivers, volunteer, computation of compensation for, 85.36(9)
Apprentices, 85.36(9)
Area education agency employees, see subhead Public Employees and Public Officers below
Assignment of income from benefits, 627.13
Athletes, professional, 85.33(6), 85.34(6), 85.36(12)
Attachment of benefits, 627.13
Child support enforcement, assignment of income from, garnishment of, attachment of, and
        execution against workers' compensation, 627.13
City employees
    See also subhead Public Employees and Public Officers below
    Fire fighters, see subhead Fire Fighters below
    Police officers, see subhead Police Officers below
    Self-insurance associations, 87.4
Coal producers within state making sales to government agencies, compliance with workers'
        compensation law, 73.6
Community college employees
    See also subhead Public Employees and Public Officers below
    Self-insurance associations, 87.4
Compensation liability insurance, see INSURANCE, subhead Workers' Compensation Liability
        Insurance and Workers' Compensation Liability Insurance Companies
Contested cases, 68B.7(3), 86.14–86.43
Corporation officers
    Computation of benefit rate for officers, 85.36(10)
    Exemption of officers from coverage, 85.1(5), 87.22
Correctional facility inmates, see subhead Prisoners below
County employees
    See also subhead Public Employees and Public Officers below
    General provisions, 331.324(1)
    Jail inmates, 85.62
    Self-insurance associations, 87.4
Criminal offenders doing community service, 85.59, 907.13(6)
Division for workers' compensation in state workforce development department, see
         WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT, subhead Workers' Compensation
         Division
Education program for employers, 15.108(7e)
Emergency forces members under statewide mutual aid compact, 29C.22
Emergency medical care providers
    See also subhead Public Employees and Public Officers below
    Computation of compensation for providers, 85.36(9)
Employers liability insurance, see INSURANCE, subhead Workers' Compensation Liability
         Insurance and Workers' Compensation Liability Insurance Companies
Execution against benefits, 627.13
Fair and association of Iowa fairs employees, self-insurance associations for, 87.4
Fire fighters
    See also subhead Public Employees and Public Officers below
    City fire fighters, 85.1(4)
    Deduction from pensions and benefits, 410.18, 411.6(10), 411.15
    Volunteer fire fighters, computation of compensation for, 85.36(9)
Garnishment of benefits, 627.13
Genetic testing of employees to investigate workers' compensation claims, 729.6(9)
Government employees, see subhead Public Employees and Public Officers below
Information regarding employee injuries or deaths, confidentiality of, 22.7(49), 86.45
Injuries, second injury compensation, see subhead Second Injury Compensation below
Inmates of correctional facilities, see subhead Prisoners below
Insurance for workers' compensation liability, see INSURANCE
Jail prisoners, see subhead Prisoners below
Judicial review of contested case decisions, 86.26, 86.29, 86.32, 86.42, 86.43
Liability insurance, see INSURANCE, subhead Workers' Compensation Liability Insurance and
         Workers' Compensation Liability Insurance Companies
Liens, see LIENS
Limited liability company members
    Computation of benefit rate for members, 85.36(10)
    Exemption and coverage election by members, 85.1(3), 85.1A
Medical history disclosure in civil actions, applicability of, 622.10(3f)
Medical support enforcement, assignment of income from, garnishment of, attachment of, and
         execution against workers' compensation, 627.13
Minors
    Death payments to dependents of minor, 85.31(2)
    Payments of benefits to minors, 85.49, 85.50
National guard members, 29A.27
Nuclear incidents, aiding personnel dispatched to another state, 15D.4
Partners and partnerships
    Benefit rate computation, 85.36(10)
    Exemption from and election of coverage, 85.1(3), 85.1A
Payments not paid, interest rate for, 535.3(2)
Peace officers
    See also subhead Public Employees and Public Officers below
    City police officers, see subhead Police Officers below
    Public safety department peace officers, offset against pensions, 97A.6(11)
    Reserve peace officers, 80D.12, 85.36(9)
Police officers
    See also subhead Public Employees and Public Officers below
    Applicability, 85.1(4)
    Deductions from pensions and benefits, 410.18, 411.6(10), 411.15
Prisoners
    General provisions, 85.59
    Jail prisoners, 85.62
    Private industry employees, eligibility, 904.809(1)
    State institutions, inmates of, 85.36(9), 85.59
PROMISE JOBS program employment, applicability to, 239B.21, 239B.22
Public employees and public officers
    See also subheads City Employees; Community College Employees; County Employees;
             Emergency Medical Care Providers; Fire Fighters; Peace Officers; Police Officers
             above; School Employees; State Employees; Township Employees below
    Compulsory provisions, 85.2
    Computation of compensation, 85.36(11)
Railroad employees, claims by, liens against railroads, 624.27, 624.28
School employees
    See also subhead Public Employees and Public Officers above
    School district employees injured by violence, 280.21A
    Self-insurance associations of school corporations, 87.4
School-to-work program participants, 258.10(3)
Second injury compensation
    General provisions, 84A.5(4), 85.63–85.69
    Changes and amendments to laws, recommendations, 91.4(5)
    Payments to fund, 86.12
Settlements of claims
    Procedure for settlements, 85.35, 86.27
    Structured settlements, see STRUCTURED SETTLEMENTS
Spousal support enforcement, assignment of income from, garnishment of, attachment of, and
        execution against workers' compensation, 627.13
State employees
    See also subhead Public Employees and Public Officers above
    Liability of state under tort claims law, 669.14(5)
    Payment of claims, 8A.457, 8A.512(1b)
Support obligations enforcement, assignment of income from, garnishment of, attachment of,
        and execution against workers' compensation, 627.13
Township employees
    See also subhead Public Employees and Public Officers above
    General provisions, 331.324(1)
   Fire fighters, see subhead Fire Fighters above
Unemployment compensation for recipients of workers' compensation
   Calculation, 96.23
   Disqualification, 96.5(5)

WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT
See also STATE OFFICERS AND DEPARTMENTS
General provisions, 7E.5(1h), ch 84A
Amusement ride and device regulation and inspection, see AMUSEMENTS
Asbestos removal or encapsulation regulation, see ASBESTOS
Athletics commissioner duties, see ATHLETICS, ATHLETES, AND ATHLETIC TRAINING,
        subhead Commissioner of Athletics, State
Audits by state auditor, expenses reimbursed, 11.5B
Boiler inspection and regulation, see BOILERS
Boxing match regulation, see BOXING
Child labor enforcement, see CHILDREN, subhead Labor by and Employment of Children
        (Child Labor)
Conservation corps, see CONSERVATION CORPS
Construction contractor registration, see CONSTRUCTION WORK AND EQUIPMENT, subhead
        Registration of Construction Contractors
Customer tracking system, 15.344, 84A.5(1, 2), 260G.5
Debts owed to department, collection of, see DEBTS, DEBTORS, AND CREDITORS, subhead
        Collection of Debts
Distress warrants issued by department, garnishment proceedings in service of, 626.29
Dumbwaiter safety regulation and enforcement, see DUMBWAITERS
Early childhood Iowa state board membership and duties, 256I.3, 256I.4
Elevator safety regulation and enforcement, see ELEVATORS (PASSENGER AND FREIGHT
        CONVEYANCES)
Emergency response commission membership and duties, ch 30
Employees of department
    See also subhead Labor Services Division below
    For provisions relating generally to state employees, see STATE EMPLOYEES
    Sales or leases of goods and services by employees, restrictions, 68B.4
Employment agency regulation, see LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, subhead Employment
        Agencies
Escalator safety regulation and enforcement, see ESCALATORS
Family development and self-sufficiency council membership and duties, 216A.107
Field offices, 96.7A, 96.51
Fiscal year, 8.36
Food stamp employment and training program, job placement and training, 84A.6(2)
Garnishment proceedings by department under distress warrants for debts owed to department,
        626.29
Hazardous chemicals risks right to know law administration, ch 89B
Homelessness council membership and duties, 16.100A
Iowa jobs board membership and duties, 16.191, 16.192
Labor regulation, see LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT
Labor services division
    General provisions, 84A.1, 84A.5(4), ch 91
    Amusement ride and device regulation and inspection, see AMUSEMENTS
    Asbestos removal or encapsulation regulation, see ASBESTOS
    Athletics commissioner duties, see ATHLETICS, ATHLETES, AND ATHLETIC TRAINING,
            subhead Commissioner of Athletics, State
    Boiler inspection and regulation, see BOILERS
    Boxing match regulation, see BOXING
    Child labor enforcement, see CHILDREN, subhead Labor by and Employment of Children
            (Child Labor)
    Construction contractor registration, see CONSTRUCTION WORK AND EQUIPMENT,
            subhead Registration of Construction Contractors
    Dumbwaiter safety regulation and enforcement, see DUMBWAITERS
    Elevator safety regulation and enforcement, see ELEVATORS (PASSENGER AND FREIGHT
            CONVEYANCES)
    Employees of division
        See also Inspectors and Inspections under this subhead below
        See also subhead Employees of Department above
        Traveling expenses allowance, 91.8
    Employment agency regulation, see LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, subhead Employment
            Agencies
    Escalator safety regulation and enforcement, see ESCALATORS
    Fire service and emergency response council membership, 91.4(10), 100B.1
    Hazardous chemicals risks right to know law administration, ch 89B
    Inspectors and inspections
        See also Employees of Division under this subhead above
        General provisions, 91.9
        Prosecution of violations, 91.11
    Lift safety regulation and enforcement, see LIFTS
    Martial arts match regulation, see MARTIAL ARTS
    Minimum wage law administration, see SALARIES AND WAGES
    Moving walk safety regulation and enforcement, see MOVING WALKS
    Non-English speaking employees, obligations of employers, enforcement of, see LABOR
            AND EMPLOYMENT, subhead Non-English Speaking Employees, Obligations of
            Employers of
    Occupational safety and health regulation, see OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
    Second injury fund duties, see WORKERS' COMPENSATION, subhead Second Injury
            Compensation
    Steam pressure vessel inspection and regulation, see STEAM ENERGY AND EQUIPMENT,
            subhead Pressure Vessels for Steam
    Wage payment collection law administration, see SALARIES AND WAGES
    Wheelchair lift safety regulation and enforcement, see WHEELCHAIRS AND WHEELCHAIR
            USERS
    Wrestling match regulation, see WRESTLING
Legal counsel, 13.7
Lift safety regulation and enforcement, see LIFTS
Martial arts match regulation, see MARTIAL ARTS
Mentoring program, 84A.5(7), 84A.9
Minimum wage law administration, see SALARIES AND WAGES
Moving walk safety regulation and enforcement, see MOVING WALKS
New employment opportunity program, 84A.10
Occupational disease compensation administration, see OCCUPATIONAL DISEASE
        COMPENSATION
Occupational hearing loss compensation administration, see OCCUPATIONAL HEARING LOSS
        COMPENSATION
Occupational safety and health regulation, see OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
PROMISE JOBS program, see PROMISE JOBS PROGRAM
Reports, 86.9, 91.4(5), 96.11(3)
School-to-work transition system, 256.38
Statistics, report, 96.11(3)
Steam pressure vessel inspection and regulation, see STEAM ENERGY AND EQUIPMENT,
        subhead Pressure Vessels for Steam
Unemployment compensation administration, see UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION
Wage payment collection law administration, see SALARIES AND WAGES
Wheelchair lift safety regulation and enforcement, see WHEELCHAIRS AND WHEELCHAIR
        USERS
Workers' compensation administration, see WORKERS' COMPENSATION
Workers' compensation division
    General provisions, 84A.1, 84A.5(5), ch 86
    Employees of division, see subhead Employees of Department above
    Employers compensation liability insurance regulation, ch 87
    Merit system exemption for chief deputies of workers' compensation commissioner,
             8A.412(20)
    Occupational disease compensation administration, see OCCUPATIONAL DISEASE
             COMPENSATION
    Occupational hearing loss compensation administration, see OCCUPATIONAL HEARING
             LOSS COMPENSATION
    Workers' compensation administration, see WORKERS' COMPENSATION
    Workers' compensation insurance regulation, ch 87
Workforce development centers, 84A.5(7), ch 84B
Workforce development corporation, 84A.1C
Workforce investment program, 84A.5(7), 84A.8
Wrestling match regulation, see WRESTLING
Youth development council membership and duties, 216A.140

WORK RELEASE AND RELEASEES
General provisions, 904.901–904.910, ch 904A, ch 906
Community-based supervision, ch 905
Corrections continuum and intermediate criminal sanctions program, 901B.1
Detention facility prisoners, 356A.4
Disease testing for work releasees, 905.15
Domestic abuse assault offenders, eligibility for work release, 708.2A
Employment of work releasees, income tax deduction for employers, 422.7(12, 12A), 422.35(6,
         6A)
Escapees and escapes from work release
    See also subhead Violators and Violations of Work Release below
    Arrest warrant and announcement issuance, 915.17
Felons, eligibility for work release, 902.11, 902.12
Jail prisoners, 356.26–356.35
Medical care for work releasees, 263.22, 263.23
Misdemeanants in confinement, sentences for, 903.3
Notification to victims of release of criminal offenders, 915.17
Recommendation from trial court, 901.9
Restitution, condition of work release, 910.5
Revocation of work release
    See also subhead Violators and Violations of Work Release below
    Disease testing of work releasees, revocation for failure to test, 905.15
Sex offenders, work release for, ch 903B
Sexually predatory offenses law violators, work release for, 901A.2(1, 8)
Small business employees who are persons on work release, income tax deduction for employers
         of, 422.7(12), 422.35(6)
Supervision of releasees by community-based correctional programs, ch 905
Transporters of releasees, 321.1(8c)
Vehicular homicide offenders, eligibility for work release, 902.12
Violators and violations of work release
    See also subhead Escapees and Escapes from Work Release above
    Confinement, 904.207

WORKSHOPS
General provisions, 91.15
Health and safety law enforcement, 91.5
Inspection by labor services division, 91.9
Reports by workshops, 91.12
Violations, 91.16

WORK-STUDY PROGRAMS
See COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES

WORLD FOOD PRIZE
General provisions, 15.368
Designation and observance of World Food Prize Day, 1C.12

WORLD TRADE CENTER
General provisions, ch 15C

WORLD WARS AND CONFLICTS
See WARS, CONFLICTS, AND BATTLES
WORLD WIDE WEB AND WEBSITES
See INTERNET AND INTERNET SERVICES

WORSHIP
See RELIGIONS AND RELIGIOUS ORGANIZATIONS

WOUNDS
Military service persons, see VETERANS AND VETERANS AFFAIRS, subhead Disabled and
       Injured Veterans
Treatment administered by or requested from health-related professionals, reports and
       investigations, 147.111–147.113

WRECKS
See ACCIDENTS

WRESTLING
General provisions, 84A.5(4), ch 90A, 91.4(9)
Changes and amendments to regulatory laws, 91.4(5)

WRITING AND WRITINGS
See also BOOKS AND PAPERS
See also DOCUMENTS
See also HANDWRITING
General provisions, 4.1(39)
Acknowledgments within state, 558.20
Actions on written instruments
   Consideration implied, 537A.2
   Evidence, proof of signatures, 622.24
   Inconsistency, written and printed parts, 622.21
   Limitations of actions, 614.1(5)
   Parties to action, 613.7
   Understanding of parties different, 622.22
Assignment, rights, ch 539
Debt revived by admission in writing, 614.11
Evidence, 622.21–622.62
Tender offer in writing, 538.6–538.8

WRITS
Attachment, writs of, see ATTACHMENT
Certiorari, writs of, see CERTIORARI
Court of appeals, issuance, 602.5103
Ejectment, writs of, see REAL PROPERTY, subhead Recovery of Real Property
Error, writs of, see CIVIL PROCEDURE AND CIVIL ACTIONS, subhead Errors
Execution of writs, sheriff's duties, 331.653(1)
Execution, writs of, see EXECUTION (JUDGMENTS AND DECREES)
Habeas corpus, writs of, see HABEAS CORPUS
Interference with official acts, 719.1
Mandamus, writs of, see MANDAMUS
Possession, writs of, 646.24
Quo warranto, see QUO WARRANTO
Replevin, writs of, see REPLEVIN
Resistance to execution of writ, penalty, 719.1
Supersedeas, writs of, see SUPERSEDEAS
Supreme court, issuance, Const Iowa V §4
Waste, writs of, see WASTE OF PROPERTY

WRONGFUL DEATHS
See DEATHS AND DEAD PERSONS

WRONGFUL IMPRISONMENT
General provisions, 663A.1

X RAYS
See also RADIATION AND RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS
Exposure to x rays, prohibition, 727.4
Hospital services and facilities, 135B.19–135B.32

YARD EQUIPMENT
Dealership agreements, see OUTDOOR POWER EQUIPMENT

YARD (MEASUREMENT UNIT)
General provisions, 210.2

YARDS (PROPERTY)
Junkyards, see JUNK AND JUNKYARDS
Lawns, see LAWNS AND LAWN EQUIPMENT
Livestock yards, see LIVESTOCK, subheads Feeders of Livestock, Feeding Operations, and
       Feedlots; Sales, Sellers, Purchases, and Purchasers of Livestock
Lumberyards, see LUMBER AND LUMBERYARDS
Railroad yards, see RAILROADS
Waste from residential yards, collection and composting of, 455D.9, 455D.15(3h)
Zoning regulation, see ZONING

YEAR
General provisions, 4.1(16, 40)
Fiscal year of governmental entities, see FISCAL YEAR
School year, 279.10

YOUTHS
See also CHILDREN
Conservation corps, see CONSERVATION CORPS
Councils for youth issues, 216A.140
Criminal offenders, peer review courts, 602.6110
Day of honor for youth (Youth Honor Day), 1C.7
Public service employment, see CONSERVATION CORPS
School-based youth services program, 279.51
Summer youth corps, 15H.5
Survey of Iowa youth, administration of, 135.11(30)
Volunteers, see VOLUNTEERS AND VOLUNTEERISM

ZINC
See also METALS
Batteries, regulation and disposal of, 455D.10A, 455D.10B

ZONING
Airport zoning
    General provisions, 307.25(4), ch 329, 331.304(5)
    Appointment and removal of zoning commission members by counties, 331.321(1m, 3)
City zoning
    General provisions, ch 414
    Airport hazard prevention, see subhead Airport Zoning above
    Appointment and removal of commission and board members by counties, 331.321(1u, 3)
    Legislation on zoning, recording of, 380.11
County zoning
    General provisions, 331.304(6), ch 335
    Airport hazard prevention, see subhead Airport Zoning above
    Appointment and removal of commission and board members and officers, 331.321(1r, 3)
    Legislation on zoning, recording of, 331.302(13)
Elder group homes, 231B.4
Legislation on zoning, recording of, 331.302(13), 380.11
Livestock feedlots, compliance by, 172D.4
Obscenity regulation, effect on city and county zoning authority, 728.11
Shooting ranges, zoning authority approval for, 657.9
Water areas of state, 462A.26(2a)

ZOOS AND ZOOLOGICAL GARDENS
Construction and operation by cities, bond issues and tax levies for, 384.23–384.36, ch 394

				
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