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					In the book, Esperanza Rising, there are
many things going on! For instance, the
  story takes place in Mexico and the
       United States, in the 1930s.
This is also during the time of the Great
   Depression, the Dust Bowl, and the
           Mexican Revolution.

Let’s explore this time period and events

       Mrs. Thornton 2011
• It was from 1929 to the early                 The Great
  1940s                                      Depression was
                                           anything BUT great.
• The official beginning of the            Here are some facts
                                             about the Great
  Great Depression was on:                     Depression.
  Tuesday, October 29, 1929,
  the day the stock market
• Millions of Americans were
  out of work and in poverty

 How do you think people felt
      during this time?
                      Mrs. Thornton 2011
              I’m still confused.
What do you mean a “stock market crash”????
 And, why would a stock market crash help
      create the Great Depression????

 “Stocks” are pieces of a company that anyone can
 purchase for a price. So, you can own part of a
 company by buying that company’s stock.

 When the stock market “crashed” companies were not
 making money, and people that owned stocks became

 People panicked and sold their stocks, and even tried
 to take their money out of the banks.

 This panic and loss of money is what started the Great

          Mrs. Thornton 2011
                     People crowding around the New
                       York Stock Exchange after the
                        Stock Market Crash in 1929.

Mrs. Thornton 2011
  Here are
some images
of the Great

                                    People would travel to different towns
                                    looking for work and food. This sign is
                                    telling men looking for work, to leave
                                                  their town.

                                    People are waiting in line for food.
                                       It’s a sad picture because the
                                    billboard behind them is showing
                                    happy Americans, but really most
                                        people are sad and hungry.
               Mrs. Thornton 2011
  Here are
some images
of the Great
 Depression.       These men are
               trying to find jobs by
                  advertising with
                 signs as they walk
                    around town.

                                          These people are in a bank
                                        trying to get money from their
                                             accounts. During the
                                        Depression banks did not have
                                            enough money to give.

                   Mrs. Thornton 2011
• School Tube Video on The Great Depression
This video is a combination of images from the
  Depression, and narrated by middle school
• Riding the Rails: Teens During the Depression
This is a looonnngg video about teenagers
  during the Depression. Only watch the first 10

                    Mrs. Thornton 2011
Click Here: About the Dust Bowl

           Mrs. Thornton 2011
As we read through that website we learned a lot about the
Dust Bowl.

- The Dust Bowl started in 1930s and lasted about a decade

- People that lived on the plains faced droughts, wind storms, and
agricultural devastation ( that meant that crops and plants would not grow)

- Poor farming practices and years of continuous drought (not enough
water) caused this problem

- Author John Steinbeck wrote about the Dust Bowl in his novel, The Grapes
of Wrath

                                Mrs. Thornton 2011
  Here are
some images
 of the Dust

               Mrs. Thornton 2011
• PBS Presents: Surviving the Dust Bowl
This is a wonderful video with lots of information from
  people that lived through the experience. (Watch the
  first 11 minutes)

How did the Dust Bowl affect people?
Were the Plains always dusty and dangerous?
What was the main crop that was planted there?
How did tractors transform farming?
                       Mrs. Thornton 2011
In a nutshell…
People were unhappy with the way the dictator, Porfirio Diaz was
   running the country.
In 1911 a man named, Francisco I. Madero overthrew the dictator.
Several men tried to take over being the dictator, or ruler of
Unfortunately, the Mexican people did not think these men were
   doing a good job. The people rebelled and fought against the
The fighting and rebelling finally calmed down in 1920 when Alvaro
   Obregon became the president of Mexico.

                            Mrs. Thornton 2011
  Here are
some images
   of the

                                            Porfirio Diaz was not
     Francisco I.
  overthrew dictator
   Porfirio Diaz out
         of the

                       Mrs. Thornton 2011
      Here are
    some images
       of the

                                        Children and families
                                           the revolution.

                   Mrs. Thornton 2011
•   February 4 and 5, 1911: First Battle of Bauche        •    November 22 - 25, 1913: Battle of Tierra Blanca
•   February 7, 1911: Battle of Smelter View              •    January 1 - 4, 1914: Battle of Ojinaga
•   March 6, 1911: Battle of Casas Grandes                •    March 22 - 26, 1914: Battle of Gómez Palacio
•   April 9, 1911: Second Battle of Bauche                •    March 26 - April 2, 1914: Second Battle of
•    April 13, 1911: Battle of Agua Prieta                     Torreón
•    May 8 - 10, 1911: First Battle of Juárez             •    April 21 - November 14, 1914: Veracruz Incident
•   March 23, 1912: First Battle of Rellano               •    June 23, 1914: Battle of Zacatecas
•   May 23, 1912: Second Battle of Rellano                •    April 4 - 10, 1915: First Battle of Celaya
•   February 9 - 18, 1913: Ten Tragic Days                •    April 13 - 15, 1915: Second Battle of Celaya
•   March 13, 1913: Battle of Nogales                     •    End of April - June 3, 1915: Battle of León
•   April 17 - 18, 1913: Battle of Jonacatepec            •      January 10, 1916: Massacre at Santa Isabel
•   April 23, 1913: Siege of Cuautla                      •      March 8 - 9, 1916: Raid on Columbus, NM
•   September 25, 1913: Battle of Aviles                  •      June 21, 1916: Battle of Carrizal
•   September 29 - October 1, 1913: First Battle of       •      July 16, 1916: Battle of Tlayacapa
    Torreón                                               •      October 4, 1916: Battle of Xochimilco
•   November 12, 1913: Second Battle of Juarez            •      June 15 - 16, 1919: Third Battle of Juárez

                                              Mrs. Thornton 2011
Mrs. Thornton 2011
• Click here: Mexican Revolution History
This video provides an overview of the people
  involved in the Mexican Revolution. Great
  imagery and narration!

                    Mrs. Thornton 2011

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