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					World Tour
Honours - Women’s
                                                                                www.fivb.org



Beijing 2008 Olympic Rankings
 Olympic Ranking   Team                                  Country        No. Tourn.           Points
 1                 Walsh-May-Treanor                      USA                  11            6,440
                                                                                                      FIVB 2007 Women’s Team Rankings
 2                 Tian Jia-Wang                          CHN                  23            5,500    Rank    Team                              Country   No. Tourn.    Points   Earnings (US$)
 3                 Juliana-Larissa                        BRA                  20            5,280    1       Larissa-Juliana                    BRA             13     7,140         328,400
 4                 Xue-Zhang Xi                           CHN                  23            4,700    2       Tian Jia-Wang                      CHN             15     6,920         300,600
 5                 Branagh-Youngs                         USA                  16            4,540    3       Xue-Zhang Xi                       CHN             15     5,870         218,800
 6                 Talita-Renata                          BRA                  26            4,400    4       Walsh-May-Treanor                  USA              8     5,840         309,500
 7                 Karantasiou-Arvaniti                   GRE                  23            3,840    5       Renata-Talita                      BRA             16     5,380         208,000
 8                 Goller-Ludwig                          GER                  20            3,760    6       Karantasiou-Arvaniti               GRE             13     4,100         113,400
 9                 Pohl-Rau                               GER                  22            3,700    7       Goller-Ludwig                      GER             12     3,860         121,500
 10                Barnett-Cook                           AUS                  15            3,460    8       Branagh-Youngs                     USA              8     3,700         114,400
 11                Hakedal-Torlen                         NOR                  20            3,070    9       Brink-Abeler-Jurich                GER             14     3,580         102,600
 12                Maaseide-Glesnes                       NOR                  26            2,700    10      Maria Clara-Carol                  BRA             12     3,360          91,700
 13                Fernandez Grasset-Larrea Peraza        CUB                  23            2,620    11      Leila-Ana Paula                    BRA             10     3,320          96,200
 14                Schwaiger-Schwaiger                    AUT                  26            2,360    12      Adriana Behar-Shelda               BRA             10     3,300         101,200
 15                Van Breedam-Mouha                      BEL                  26            2,290    13      Pohl-Rau                           GER             11     3,270          91,400
 16                Esteves Ribalta-M. Crespo              CUB                  25            2,280    14      Barnett-Cook                       AUS              8     3,220         103,400
 17                Koutroumanidou-Tsiartsiani             GRE                  28            2,160    15      L.Wang-Zuo                         CHN             15     3,190          85,300
 18                Uryadova-Shiryaeva                     RUS                  20            2,090    16      Maaseide-Glesnes                   NOR             15     2,880          82,900
 19                Kadijk R.-Mooren                       NED                  22            2,040    17      Boss-Ross                          USA              7     2,780         106,100
 20                Candelas-Garcia                        MEX                  20            1,760    18      Esteves Ribalta-M. Crespo          CUB             15     2,620          77,800
 21                Teru Saiki-Kusuhara                    JPN                  23            1,700            Hakedal-Torlen                     NOR             11     2,620          82,400
 22                Saka-Rtvelo                            GEO                  29            1,680    20      Fernandez Grasset-Larrea Peraza    CUB             13     2,500          67,600
 23                Kuhn-Schwer                            SUI                  22            1,650
 24                Augoustides-Nel                        RSA                   8              192
                                                                                                      FIVB 2008 Women’s Team Rankings                            * last updated on July 21, 2008

                                                                                                      Rank    Team                              Country   No. Tourn.    Points   Earnings (US$)
FIVB 2006 Women’s Team Rankings                                                                       1       Ana Paula-Shelda                   BRA             10     4,600         141,800
 Rank     Team                                 Country    No. Tourn.       Points    Earnings (US$)   2       Talita-Renata                      BRA             10     4,480         142,800
                                                                                                      3       Branagh-Youngs                     USA              8     4,060         136,900
 1        Juliana-Larissa                        BRA               13       7,060          367,200
 2        Tian Jia-Wang                          CHN               13       5,940          238,600    4       Ross-Boss                          USA              9     3,560          99,100
 3        Xue-Zhang Xi                           CHN               13       5,120          195,200    5       Xue-Zhang Xi                       CHN              8     3,460         127,600
 4        Walsh-May-Treanor                      USA                8       4,700          201,400    6       Tian Jia-Wang                      CHN              8     3,440         114,900
 5        Renata-Talita                          BRA               14       4,480          156,100    7       Juliana-Larissa                    BRA              7     3,360         126,500
 6        Ana Paula-Leila                        BRA               11       4,250          154,100    8       Wacholder-Turner                   USA              9     3,120          93,600
 7        Adriana Behar-Shelda                   BRA               10       4,220          136,650
                                                                                                      9       Pohl-Rau                           GER              9     2,940          87,900
 8        Hakedal-Torlen                         NOR               14       3,600          111,400
                                                                                                      10      Karantasiou-Arvaniti               GRE              8     2,780          80,600
 9        Karadassiou-Arvaniti                   GRE               12       3,420           96,850
 10       M. Crespo-Esteves Ribalta              CUB               12       3,000           82,600    11      Walsh-May-Treanor                  USA              3     2,400         130,500
 11       Brink-Abeler-Jurich                    GER               11       2,840           76,300    12      Maria Clara-Carol                  BRA              9     2,330          61,000
 12       Kadijk R.-Mooren                       NED               12       2,400           67,900    13      Barnett-Cook                       AUS              7     2,280          55,500
          Kuhn-Schwer                            SUI               12       2,400           64,000    14      Brink-Abeler-Jurich                GER              8     2,220          56,700
 14       Cook-Sanderson                         AUS               11       2,320           60,550    15      Fernandez Grasset-Larrea Peraza    CUB             10     2,140          53,600
          Fernandez Grasset-Larrea Peraza        CUB               10       2,320           61,200
                                                                                                      16      M. Crespo-Esteves Ribalta          CUB             10     2,120          53,100
          Pohl-Rau                               GER                8       2,320           68,800
                                                                                                      17      Claasen-Röder                      GER             10     2,110          51,500
 17       Schwaiger-Schwaiger                    AUT               14       2,120           65,700
 18       Nystrom-Nystrom                        FIN               13       2,060           55,150    18      Van Breedam-Mouha                  BEL              9     2,080          51,400
 19       Ji-L.Wang                              CHN               11       1,918           56,800    19      Antonelli-Leão                     BRA              5     2,000          57,800
 20       Maaseide-Glesnes                       NOR               15       1,870           53,200    20      Candelas-Garcia                    MEX             11     1,930          47,800


124                                                                                                                                                                                          125
World Tour
Honours - Men’s
                                                                                     www.fivb.org



Beijing 2008 Olympic Rankings
 Olympic Ranking    Team                                      Country        No. Tourn.          Points
                                                                                                           FIVB 2007 Men’s Team Rankings
 1                  Rogers-Dalhausser                          USA                  12           5,780
 2                  Ricardo-Emanuel                            BRA                  24           5,500     Rank    Team                       Country   No. Tourn.    Points   Earnings (US$)
 3                  Marcio Araujo-Fabio Luiz                   BRA                  26           4,860     1       Emanuel-Ricardo             BRA             15     6,940         347,700
 4                  Nummerdor-Schuil                           NED                  20           4,680     2       Fabio Luiz-Marcio Araujo    BRA             15     6,340         270,900
 5                  Xu-Wu                                      CHN                  23           4,600     3       Barsouk-Kolodinsky          RUS             13     5,610         198,200
 6                  Brink-Dieckmann Ch.                        GER                  22           4,560     4       Harley-Pedro                BRA             15     5,160         206,200
 7                  Barsouk-Kolodinsky                         RUS                  24           4,460     5       Franco-Cunha                BRA             12     5,040         179,900
 8                  Klemperer-Koreng                           GER                  15           4,360     6       Xu-Wu                       CHN             13     4,680         140,200
 9                  Gibb-Rosenthal                             USA                  14           3,540     7       Conde-Baracetti             ARG             15     4,160         138,100
 10                 Schacht-Slack                              AUS                  14           3,400     8       Schuil-Nummerdor            NED             11     4,060         144,000
 11                 Herrera-Mesa                               ESP                  24           3,360     9       Brink-Dieckmann Ch.         GER             12     4,000         116,100
 12                 Heyer-Heuscher                             SUI                  19           3,260     10      Reckermann-Urbatzka         GER             13     3,830         120,700
 13                 Conde-Baracetti                            ARG                  16           3,260     11      Heuscher-Heyer              SUI             11     3,560         107,400
 14                 Kais Kr.-Vesik                             EST                  17           3,170     12      Doppler-Gartmayer           AUT             15     3,500         101,100
 15                 Doppler-Gartmayer                          AUT                  25           3,060     13      Schacht-Slack               AUS             10     3,300         110,700
 16                 Boersma E.-Ronnes                          NED                  21           3,000             Rogers-Dalhausser           USA              6     3,300         136,500
 17                 Geor-Gia                                   GEO                  30           2,720     15      Geor-Gia                    GEO             17     3,060          92,100
 18                 Kjemperud-Skarlund                         NOR                  26           2,620     16      Herrera-Mesa                ESP             12     2,920          77,800
 19                 Gosch-Horst                                AUT                  23           2,360     17      Gosch-Horst                 AUT             13     2,750          75,700
 20                 Laciga M.-Schnider                         SUI                  16           2,290     18      Klemperer-Koreng            GER              7     2,680          90,000
 21                 Samoilovs-Plavins                          LAT                  27           2,260     19      Kais Kr.-Vesik              EST              9     2,540          87,100
 22                 Lione-Varnier (Lione-Amore will play)      ITA                  23           2,060     20      Kjemperud-Skarlund          NOR             16     2,440          77,700
 23                 Asahi-Shiratori                            JPN                  25           1,980
 24                 Fernandes-Morais                           ANG                  16             204
                                                                                                           FIVB 2008 Men’s Team Rankings                       * last updated on July 21, 2008

FIVB 2006 Men’s Team Rankings                                                                              Rank    Team                       Country   No. Tourn.    Points   Earnings (US$)
                                                                                                           1       Xu-Wu                       CHN             10     4,860         159,600
 Rank     Team                                      Country     No. Tourn.       Points   Earnings (US$)
                                                                                                           2       Harley-Pedro                BRA             12     4,820         163,600
 1        Ricardo-Emanuel                            BRA                14       6,380          355,000
                                                                                                           3       Ricardo-Emanuel             BRA              9     4,180         145,200
 2        Fabio Luiz-Marcio Araujo                   BRA                14       6,060          299,000
          Brink-Dieckmann Ch.                        GER                 9       4,740          177,400    4       Brink-Dieckmann Ch.         GER              8     4,120         143,300
 3
 4        Cunha-Franco                               BRA                14       4,720          173,600    5       Rogers-Dalhausser           USA              6     4,080         188,000
 5        Baracetti-Conde                            ARG                11       3,600          106,800    6       Nummerdor-Schuil            NED              7     3,260         106,200
 6        Wu-Xu                                      CHN                13       3,000           88,350    7       Marcio Araujo-Fabio Luiz    BRA             11     3,000          89,700
 7        Heuscher-Kobel                             SUI                 9       2,760           92,350    8       Barsouk-Kolodinsky          RUS              9     2,940          80,800
 8        Gibb-Rosenthal                             USA                 6       2,720          106,450            Gibb-Rosenthal              USA              8     2,840          85,300
                                                                                                           9
 9        Kais Kr.-Vesik                             EST                10       2,680           71,100
                                                                                                           10      Klemperer-Koreng            GER              6     2,800          84,200
 10       Rogers-Dalhausser                          USA                 6       2,480           98,700
          Kjemperud-Skarlund                         NOR                14       2,460           76,050    11      Fuerbringer-Jennings        USA              8     2,760          70,700
 11
 12       Schacht-Slack                              AUS                10       2,340           64,700    12      Herrera-Mesa                ESP             10     2,700          74,700
 13       Horrem-Pettersen E.P.                      NOR                12       2,240           64,750    13      Reckermann-Urbatzka         GER              8     2,680          77,700
 14       Harley-Benjamin                            BRA                10       2,200           67,100    14      Kjemperud-Skarlund          NOR             10     2,340          57,600
 15       Lambert-Metzger                            USA                 5       2,040           59,700    15      Boersma E.-Ronnes           NED              7     2,220          60,200
 16       Lione-Varnier                              ITA                 7       2,020           53,550            Geor-Gia                    GEO             12     2,184          50,000
                                                                                                           16
 17       Laciga P.-Heyer                            SUI                10       1,940           52,600
                                                                                                           17      Lione-Varnier               ITA              9     1,800          45,100
 18       Laciga M.-Egger M.                         SUI                 8       1,800           49,450
          Doppler-Gartmayer                          AUT                 9       1,680           45,550    18      Kais Kr.-Vesik              EST              7     1,680          41,400
 19
 20       Luizão-Nalbert                             BRA                10       1,480           40,900    19      Samoilovs-Plavins           LAT             12     1,660          40,700
          Klemperer-Schneider K.                     GER                 6       1,480           42,300    20      Doppler-Gartmayer           AUT              8     1,620          43,400


126                                                                                                                                                                                        127
Rules of the Game                                                                             www.fivb.org




 Game characteristics                                      When two teammates touch the ball simultaneously, it
                                                           is counted as two hits except at blocking. The ball may
                                                                                                                          Number of Time-Outs                                   Sand
Beach Volleyball is a sport played by two teams of two     touch any part of the body. The ball must be hit, not         Each team is entitled to a maximum of one 30 second   The sand must be at least 40-cm deep and
players each on a sand court divided by a net. Both        caught or thrown. It can rebound in any direction.            time out per set. In Set 1 and 2, one additional      composed of five loosely compacted grains. It must
players of each team must always be in play. There is no                                                                 30-second technical time-out is automatically         also be sifted to an acceptable size, not too coarse,
substitution or replacement of players during a game.                                                                    allocated when the sum of the points scored by the    free of stones and dangerous particles (see FIVB
                                                            Ball crossing the net                                        teams equals 21 points.                               sand requirements at www.fivb.org).

 Players                                                   The ball sent to the opponent’s court must go over
                                                           the net within the crossing space.                             Medical Time-Out                                      Net
There are two players on each side.                        While crossing the net the ball may touch the net.
                                                           A ball driven into the net may be recovered within            An injured player is given a maximum of five          The height of the net is 2.43 metres for men and 2.24
                                                           the limits of the three team hits.                            minutes recovery time one time per match.             for women. The net is 8.5-metres long and 1-metre deep
 To win a match                                                                                                                                                                when hung taut, placed vertically over the axis of the
                                                                                                                                                                               centre of the court. It is made of 10-cm square mesh.
The match is won by the team that wins two sets.            Reaching beyond the net                                       Intervals
In the case of a 1-1 tie, the deciding set (the 3rd) is
played to 15 points with a minimum lead of 2 points.       In blocking, a player may touch the ball beyond the           The interval between each set lasts one minute.        Ball
A set (except the deciding 3rd set) is won by the          net, provided that he/she does not interfere with the
team that first scores 21 points with a minimum            opponent’s play, before or during the latter’s attack hit.                                                          The ball is spherical featuring bright colours, with a
lead of two points.                                        A player is permitted to pass his/her hand beyond              Refereeing corps                                     circumference of 66 to 68 cm, weight of 260 to 280
In the case of a 20-20 tie, play is continued until a      the net after his/her attack hit, provided that his/                                                                grams and inside pressure of 171 to 221 mbar.
two point lead is reached (22-20, 23-21 etc).              her contact has been made within his/her own                  The refereeing corps for a match is composed of the
The teams switch after every 7 points (Set 1 and 2)        playing space.                                                following officials:
and 5 points (Set 3) played.                                                                                             The first referee.                                     Playing area
                                                           A player may enter into the opponent’s space, court           The second referee.
                                                           and/or free zone, provided that this does not interfere       The scorer.                                           The playing area includes the playing court and
 To win a rally                                            with the opponent’s play.                                     Four line judges.                                     the free zone. The playing court is a rectangle
                                                                                                                                                                                                            measuring      16X8
Whenever a team fails in its service or fails to return    Contact with the net or antenna is not a fault, unless it                                                                                        metres, surrounded
the ball, or commits any other fault, the opposing         is made during the action of playing the ball or inteferes                                                                                       by a free zone
team wins the rally, with one of the following             with play. Incidental contact of the hair is never a fault.                                                                                      with a minimum
consequences:                                              (This rule came into effect in 2007).                                                                                                            of 5 metres from
- If the opposing team served, it scores a point and                                                                                                                                                        the end lines/side
   continues to serve.                                                                                                                                                                                      lines and with a
- If the opposing team received the service, it gains       Service order                                                                                                                                   space free from any
   the right to serve and also scores a point.                                                                                                                                                              obstruction up to a
                                                           After the first service in a set, the player to serve is                                                                                         minimum height of
                                                           determined as follows:                                                                                                                           12.5 metres from
 Coin toss                                                 a) when the serving team wins the rally, the player                                                                                              the playing surface.
                                                               who served before, serves again.
The first service of a set is executed by the team         b) when the receiving team wins the rally,
determined by the coin toss.                                   it gains the right to serve and the player
                                                               who did not serve last time will serve.

 Team hits
                                                            Screening
Each team is entitled to a maximum of three hits for
returning the ball over the net.                           The teammate of the server must not prevent either
These team hits include not only intentional hits by the   opponent, through screening, from seeing the server
player, but also unintentional contacts with the ball.     or the path of the ball. On the opponent’s request,
Two players may touch the ball at the same moment.         they must move sideways.


 128                                                                                                                                                                                                                             129
Referees’ Signals                                               www.fivb.org




       1. Autorisation to serve
      Move the hand to indicate the direction of service.
                                                                                    9. Held ball
                                                                                   Slowly lift the forearm, palm of the hand facing upwards.
       2. Court switches
      Raise the forearms front and back and twist them around the body.
                                                                                    10. Double contact
                                                                                   Raise two fingers, spread open.
       3. Time-out
      Place the palm of one hand over the fingers of the other, held
      vertically (forming a t).                                                     11. Four hits
                                                                                   Raise four fingers, spread open.

       4. Misconduct sanctions
      Show   yellow card for warning.                                               12. Net touched by a player
      Show   red card for penalty.
      Show   both red/yellow together for expulsion.                               Touch the top of the ner or its palm facing downwards.
      Show   both red/yellow separately for disqualification.


       5. Screening                                                                 13. Reaching beyond the net
      Raise both arms vertically, palms forward.                                   Place a hand above the net, palm facing downwards.



       6. Ball « out »                                                              14. Attack-hit fault
      Raise the forearms vertically, hands open, palms towards the body.           Make a downward motion with the forearm, hand open.



       7. Ball touched                                                              15. Interference by penetration into the opponent’s court
      Brush with the palm of one hand the fingers of the other, held vertically.   Point to the center court.



       8. Ball « in »                                                               16. Double fault and replay
      Point the fingers towards the court.                                         Raise both thumbs vertically.




130                                                                                                                                             131
Referees’
      Profiles
                                                                               www.fivb.org



             Name: BERARD Marc                Profession: Hospital software/project manager    Name: FUJII Takashi           Profession: Office clerk
             Nationality: France              Hobby: Family, Volleyball, Computers             Nationality: Japan            Hobby: Reading books
             Date of Birth: 24.06.1966        Languages spoken: French, English                Date of Birth: 08.10.1962     Languages spoken: Japanese, English
             Age: 42                          Number of seasons on the FIVB WT: 7              Age: 46                       Number of seasons on the FIVB WT: 15
             Gender: Men                      Number of seasons on National Tour: 11           Gender: Men                   Number of seasons on National Tour: 18


                 Three most important matches refereed in career                               Three most important matches refereed in career
                 SWATCH FIVB World Championships, Berlin 2005 - Men’s Semi-Final               Olympic Games, Athens 2004 - All matches
                 SWATCH FIVB Grand Slam, Paris 2006 - Men’s Gold Medal                         SWATCH FIVB Adelaide Open 2008 - Women’s Gold Final 1st
                 SWATCH FIVB Grand Slam, Paris 2008 - Women’s Gold Medal                       SWATCH FIVB Korea Open 2007 - Women’s Final 1st




             Name: CASUTT Richard             Profession: Sport Development Manager            Name: FRIESEN Darryl          Profession: Professional Firefighter
             Nationality: New Zealand         Hobby: Coaching, Swimming, Sports Psychology     Nationality: Canada           Hobby: Wakeboarding, Snowboarding
             Date of Birth: 08.11.1971        Languages spoken: English, A little French       Date of Birth: 15.09.1967     Languages spoken: English, some Spanish, some Port.
             Age: 37                          Number of seasons on the FIVB WT: 12             Age: 41                       Number of seasons on the FIVB WT: 12
             Gender: Men                      Number of seasons on National Tour: 15           Gender: Men                   Number of seasons on National Tour: 12


                 Three most important matches refereed in career                               Three most important matches refereed in career
                 Asian Games, Doha 2006 - Women’s Gold Final                                   Olympic Games, Athens 2004 - Men’s Gold Final
                 SWATCH FIVB Grand Slam, Paris 2008 - Men’s Gold Final                         Olympic Games, Sydney 2000 - Men’s Semi-Final
                 SWATCH FIVB World Tour Open, Korea 2008 - Women’s Gold Final                  SWATCH FIVB World Championships, Berlin 2005 - Men’s Gold Final




             Name: CESARE Stefano             Profession: Electronic Engineer                  Name: HAAS Andrea             Profession: Housewife
             Nationality: Italy               Hobby: Soccer (five-a-side) - Movies             Nationality: Austria          Hobby: Reading and sailing
             Date of Birth: 16.02.1970        Languages spoken: English, Italian               Date of Birth: 11.05.1964     Languages spoken: German, English
             Age: 38                          Number of seasons on the FIVB WT: 14             Age: 44                       Number of seasons on the FIVB WT: 12
             Gender: Men                      Number of seasons on National Tour: 15           Gender: Women                 Number of seasons on National Tour: 13


                 Three most important matches refereed in career                               Three most important matches refereed in career
                 Olympic Games, Athens 2004 - 1st Ref Women’s Gold Final                       Olympic Games, Sydney 2000 - Men’s Gold Final
                 World Championships, Rio de Janeiro 2003 - 1st Ref Men’s Gold Final           Olympic Games, Sydney 2000 - Women’s Gold Final
                 CEV European Championships Final, The Hague 2006 - 1st Ref Men’s Gold Final   FIVB World Championships, Klagenfurt 2001 - Men’s Gold Final




             Name: DAHLE Geir                 Profession: Scientist                            Name: HAGENER Marc            Profession: CEO
             Nationality: Norway              Hobby: Volleyball                                Nationality: Germany          Hobby: Volleyball, Family
             Date of Birth: 16.04.1957        Languages spoken: Norwegian, English, German     Date of Birth: 13.12.1967     Languages spoken: German, English
             Age: 51                          Number of seasons on the FIVB WT: 12             Age: 41                       Number of seasons on the FIVB WT: 9
             Gender: Men                      Number of seasons on National Tour: 12           Gender: Men                   Number of seasons on National Tour: 12


                 Three most important matches refereed in career                               Three most important matches refereed in career
                 SWATCH FIVB World Tour Grand Slam, Paris 2006 - Men’s Gold Final              SWATCH FIVB World Tour Open, Roseto 2007 - Men’s Gold Final
                 SWATCH FIVB World Tour Open, Cape Town 2005 - Men’s Gold Final                SWATCH FIVB World Championships, Gstaad 2007 - Men’s Semi-Final
                 SWATCH FIVB World Tour Open, Montreal 2006 - Men’s Semi-Final, BRA-BRA        SWATCH FIVB Grand Slam, Berlin 2008 - Women’s Gold Final




132                                                                                                                                                                          133
Referees’
      Profiles
                                                                               www.fivb.org



             Name: LIU Hongyu                 Profession: Teacher                                    Name: SAPP Glenn                 Profession: Volleyball consultant
             Nationality: China               Hobby: Playing badminton, looking after my son         Nationality: United States       Hobby: Camping, golf
             Date of Birth: 29.03.1972        Languages spoken: Chinese, English                     Date of Birth: 31.03.1957        Languages spoken: English
             Age: 36                          Number of seasons on the FIVB WT: 6                    Age: 51                          Number of seasons on the FIVB WT: 7
             Gender: Women                    Number of seasons on National Tour: 7                  Gender: Men                      Number of seasons on National Tour: 9


                 Three most important matches refereed in career                                     Three most important matches refereed in career
                 SWATCH FIVB World Tour Shanghai Open 2008 - Women’s Final                           SWATCH FIVB World Championships, Gstaad 2007 - Men’s Bronze Medal Match
                 SWATCH FIVB World Tour Singapore Open 2007 - Women’s Semi-Final                     SWATCH FIVB World Tour Grand Slam, Klagenfurt 2007 - Men’s Gold Medal Match
                 SWATCH FIVB World Tour Shanghai Open 2006 - Women’s Final                           SWATCH FIVB World Tour Grand Slam, Stavanger 2006 - Men’s Bronze Medal Match




             Name: LU Weiping                 Profession: Teacher                                    Name: SEARLE Damien              Profession: Parks Enhancement Officer
             Nationality: China               Hobby: Swimming, tennis                                Nationality: England             Hobby: Handyman
             Date of Birth: 30.05.1962        Languages spoken: Chinese, English                     Date of Birth: 03.04.1973        Languages spoken: English
             Age: 46                          Number of seasons on the FIVB WT: 9                    Age: 35                          Number of seasons on the FIVB WT: 4
             Gender: Men                      Number of seasons on National Tour: 15                 Gender: Men                      Number of seasons on National Tour: 11


                 Three most important matches refereed in career                                     Three most important matches refereed in career
                 FIVB World Series, Macao 2000 - Men’s Bronze Medal                                  SWATCH FIVB Grand Slam, Paris 2006 - Women’s Gold Final
                 SWATCH FIVB World Tour Open, Seoul 2007 - Women’s Semi-Final                        SWATCH FIVB Open, Poland 2007 - Men’s Gold Final
                 FIVB World Championships U-21, Portrieux 2003 - Women’s Semi-Final                  FIVB World Championships U23, Porto Santo 2004 - Men’s Gold Final




             Name: PERSONENI Jonas            Profession: Student                                    Name: VILLAS-BOAS Maria Amélia   Profession: Physical education
             Nationality: Switzerland         Hobby: Volleyball, Beach Volleyball, surfing, guitar   Nationality: Brazil              Hobby: Workout
             Date of Birth: 21.08.1983        Languages spoken: Ger, Fre, Eng, Ita, Spa              Date of Birth: 07.05.1957        Languages spoken: Por, Eng, Spa, Fre
             Age: 25                          Number of seasons on the FIVB WT: 4                    Age: 51                          Number of seasons on the FIVB WT: 21
             Gender: Men                      Number of seasons on National Tour: 8                  Gender: Women                    Number of seasons on National Tour: 17


                 Three most important matches refereed in career                                     Three most important matches refereed in career
                 SWATCH FIVB World Championships, Gstaad 2007 - Men’s Bronze Final                   Olympic Games, Atlanta 1996 - Men’s Quarter-Final
                 SWATCH FIVB World Tour Grand Slam, Stavanger 2008 - Men’s Final                     SWATCH FIVB World Tour, Barcelona Open 2008 - Men’s Gold Final
                 SWATCH FIVB World Tour Grand Slam, Berlin 2008 - Men’s Final                        SWATCH FIVB World Tour, Zagreb Open 2008 - Men’s Gold Final




             Name: RAMIREZ Miguel             Profession: Cashier                                    Name: WANG Leijun                Profession: Public servant
             Nationality: Mexico              Hobby: Volleyball                                      Nationality: China               Hobby: Sport, music
             Date of Birth: 02.07.1959        Languages spoken: Spanish, basic English               Date of Birth: 30.01.1967        Languages spoken: Chinese, English
             Age: 49                          Number of seasons on the FIVB WT: 1                    Age: 41                          Number of seasons on the FIVB WT: 10
             Gender: Men                      Number of seasons on National Tour: 1                  Gender: Men                      Number of seasons on National Tour: 12


                 Three most important matches refereed in career                                     Three most important matches refereed in career
                 FIVB World Tour Acapulco Open 2005 - Women’s Gold Medal                             SWATCH FIVB World Tour Open, Moscow 2008 - Men’s Bronze Medal Match
                 Panam Games Winnipeg 1999 - Men’s Gold Medal                                        SWATCH FIVB World Tour Open, Adelaide 2008 - Men’s Bronze Medal Match
                 FIVB World Tour Acapulco Open 2006 - Men’s Gold Medal                               SWATCH FIVB World Tour Grand Slam, Stavanger 2008 - Men’s Bronze Medal Match




134                                                                                                                                                                                 135
FAQ                                                                www.fivb.org



Do men and women receive equal Prize Money? Yes.                                  What is the mission of the FIVB? To bring Volleyball
                                                                                  and Beach Volleyball to as many people in the world as
Do you have to have special sand for the tournaments?                             possible.
Yes. A top quality, clean sand, which is tested in a
specialised laboratory in Canada.                                                 When was Beach Volleyball introduced to the
                                                                                  Olympic Games programme? At the 1996 Atlanta
Is the net and court the same size for Beach                                      Olympics. It was a sell-out event.
Volleyball as in Volleyball? Yes, 2.43 meters for Men
and 2.24 meters for Women.                                                        What is the role of a National Federation? National
                                                                                  Federations affiliated to the FIVB manage and promote all
Which countries are growing the fastest in terms                                  kinds of Volleyball and Beach Volleyball activities through
of Beach Volleyball? Brazil, USA, China, Germany,                                 their own calendar and by supporting major events,
Switzerland, Norway, Austria, France, Australia, Netherlands,                     contributing to the growth with partners, hosting cities,
Russia, etc.                                                                      team programs, National Championships, referees and
                                                                                  officials.
Why isn’t mixed Beach Volleyball played? Firstly
the net is at a different height for men and women and,                           Are players professional or amateur? Top world-
secondly, the speed in which the game is played differs                           ranked players are professional.
between the two sexes. However, the FIVB does now
exclude the possibility of mixed Beach Volleyball being                           Who are the legends of Beach Volleyball? Men: Sinjin
played to enjoy the sport.                                                        Smith, Randy Stoklos, Karch Kiraly, Gene Selznick, Loiola,
                                                                                  Ricardo, Emanuel, Todd Rogers, Phil Dalhausser, Pablo
Do all Beach Volleyball players come from Volleyball?                             Herrera, Raul Mesa. Women: Misty May-Treanor, Kerri
While some Volleyball players have made the successful                            Walsh, Jia Tian, Jie Wang, Juliana, Larissa, Jackie Silva,
transition – Karch Kiraly and Jackie Silva to name two, Beach                     Kerri-Ann Pottharst, Karolyn Kirby, Natalie Cook, Sandra
Volleyball has such a presence now it is attracting professional                  Pires.
players who have dedicated their life to the sport.
                                                                                  What do the signals mean in Beach Volleyball? Signals
Is Beach Volleyball always played on beaches?                                     are meant to coordinate a strategy between players. One
No. You will see some venues located in the middle of                             index finger behind the back means the blocker will take
town squares (Paris, Berlin, Osaka, etc.), amongst the                            the line parallel to the outside of the court while the player
mountains (Gstaad), lakeside (Klagenfurt, Stare Jablonki),                        at the back covers the diagonal angle. Two index fingers
fjords (Stavanger), ocean side (Marseille, Adelaide, Seoul,                       means the blocker takes the diagonal while the player
etc.) and tennis facilities (Prague, Rome).                                       at the back covers the shot down the line. Other signals
                                                                                  are established to implement tactics which are meant to
Why does the FIVB force the women to play in                                      exploit the opponents’ weaknesses.
bikinis? It doesn’t. The women have the option of playing
in a one or two piece playing uniform.                                            What future does indoor Beach Volleyball have? The
                                                                                  FIVB only sanctions outdoor events to preserve the image
Do Beach Volleyball teams have captains? Yes. Usually                             and spirit of the sport. However, due to special weather
indicated on the score sheet, the captain is responsible for                      conditions, some northern countries may organise indoor
the coin toss among other things.                                                 events at national and continental level.

Is a ball on the line in or out? In.                                              What is the idea behind entertainment at world-level
                                                                                  Beach Volleyball events? The FIVB is implementing
What is the average length of a match? A typical game                             powerful entertainment programs to add value to the
consists of about 100 rallies or just less than an hour.                          game, without the two overlapping. Entertainment is
                                                                                  a key factor to attract audiences and enable the Beach
Is the ball the same as Volleyball? No it is heavier,                             Volleyball fans to enjoy a unique atmosphere throughout
bigger and less inflated in order to be slower for greater                        the competition.
control. The colours, patterns and type of production are
also different.



136                                                                                                                                         137
Glossary                                                                                               www.fivb.org



Ace (Pure) - A served ball that lands within the playing          Double fault - Two faults occurring at the same time.             Net - Piece of equipment that separates the opponent sides       Screening - An attempt by a player to conceal the start
boundaries, which is untouched by the receiving team and          Results in a replay (the same person serving again with no        of the court, placed vertically over the axis of the centre of   of a teammate’s serve by obstructing an opponent’s line of
scores a point.                                                   point scored).                                                    the court, made of small square meshes and hanging from          sight. Screening is illegal.
Ace (Statistical) - A served ball that a player on the            External space - The imaginary space outside the                  two poles by use of one cable at the top horizontal band         Serve - The act of putting the ball into play by a player who
receiving team cannot handle or pass cleanly.                     antennas and also not below the bottom of the net between         and one rope at the lower horizontal band.                       hits the ball with her hand or arm.
Antennae - A flexible rod placed vertically above the outer       the net poles. Not including the crossing and lower spaces.       Normal playing conditions - Playing conditions which are         Service order - The order in which players can legally
edge of the sidelines to mark the outer limit of the crossing     Extension of sideline - The imaginary line extended from          free from external interference from weather (e.g.: wind,        serve. Recorded on the score sheet after the coin toss has
space.                                                            the two sidelines in a straight line from the corners until the   rain). Generally based on whether players can accurately         been made (1st and 3rd set) or before the start of the set
Attack hit - The action of directing the ball into the            edge of the free zone.                                            hand set the ball.                                               (2nd set). Must be maintained throughout the set.
opponents’ court. Serving is not considered an attack hit.        Floater - A serve that follows an uneven trajectory               Off-hand Side - Right hand player, playing right side. The       Service zone - The area in which the player serves the
Considered completed when the ball completely crosses the         («floats») over the net.                                          ball comes across the body on a set to hit.                      ball. Bounded by the base (back line), the extension of
vertical plane of the net or touches a block.                     Foot faults - The illegal action of a player, who at the time     Offensive player (attacking player) - The player(s) from         the two sidelines and the outside of the free zone (usually
Ball mark - The disturbance or movement of the sand               of serving or jumping to serve, has their foot under the line,    the team who currently have committed the last contact.          delimited by panels).
created on the court surface by the contact of the ball with      has their foot outside the extension of the sideline, or their    The player(s) on the same side of the court as the ball.         Shoot - Two-handed set shot used as dink or deep
the sand. This mark may be checked to determine if the            foot, contacts the playing court (line included).                 On-hand side - Right hand player, playing left side. The         placement shot.
ball is “in” or “out”.                                            Free zone - The area outside the playing court but inside         ball is in front of a player on a set to hit.                    Side bands - Two colour bands, 5-8 cm wide (same
Ball-mark protocol - A procedure initiated by the 1st             the panels, signage, etc., which delimits the outer edges of      Out of bounds - The ball is out of bounds when it touches        width as the court lines) and 1-metre long, are fastened
referee for establishing whether the ball has landed in or        the free zone.                                                    any surface, object or ground outside the court.                 vertically to the net and placed above each sideline. They
out of the court.                                                 Hard-driven ball - An attack hit that is travelling with          Overhand finger action - The playing action of setting           are considered part of the net.
Between rallies - The time between the whistle to end             sufficient speed (quickly) and over distance such that a          the ball or passing the ball with 2 hands fingers spread,        Side out - Should the team that receives the service win
the completion of a rally and the whistle to authorize the        defending player only has time to only play the ball in a         contacting the ball. It is not legal to carry the ball with      the rally they have scored a sideout and they win the right
service to start the next rally. Under normal circumstances       reflexive defensive manner. In such defensive action the          underhand finger action (i.e.: wrists inverted).                 to now serve.
this is a maximum of 12 seconds.                                  ball can be slightly held overhand with fingers.                  Perpendicular trajectory - A ball that travels in a straight     Simultaneous contact - Contact of the ball made by two
Blocking - Is the action of player close to the net to            Hit ball - A ball that is clearly hit and does not come to rest   line from the player’s shoulders either forwards or backwards.   players at the same instant. If made by two opponents over
intercept the ball coming from the opponent by reaching           upon contact.                                                     The player’s position at the time of the contact determines      the net and the ball remains held for a certain period of
higher than the top of the net.                                   Illegal server - When a player serves contrary to the             the trajectory the ball should legally follow in the case the    time, this is called a joust.
Bump (Pass) - Technique of playing ball using forearms,           service order recorded on the score sheet and advice of the       player completes an attack-hit using an overhand pass.           Six pack (facial) - Refers to a player who was hit directly
hands together, to direct the ball.                               scorer. The other team gains the right to serve and a point.      Play over - The act of putting the ball in play again without    in the face by the ball.
Bump (Set) - A forearm pass used as a set.                        Incidental contact - Contact by a player with an opponent         awarding a point.                                                Sizzling the pits - A spike that sneaks by the blocker’s
Carry - A fault called if the ball comes to rest in the course    that did not have an effect on that player’s ability to           Point - If the serving team sends a ball that is not returned    armpits.
of contact by one player.                                         complete a subsequent play on the ball freely.                    or lands in the receiving team’s court, a point is then          Sky ball - A very high serve in its trajectory which is used
Coin toss - Action by the referees where the team’s               Incomplete team - When a team commences but is                    awarded to the serving team. If the receiving team returns       to gain advantage from wind, sun.
captains choose the team to serve and the starting side of        unable to legally complete a match with its two players,          a ball that is not returned or lands in the serving team’s       Spike - The play action of jumping and striking the ball
the court of each team.                                           i.e: because of injury, the other team would the gain the         court, a point is an awarded to the receiving team.              with one hand as an attack hit.
Contacted ball - A contacted ball is one that touches or is       match.                                                            Protest protocol - The formal process under the control of       Spiked ball - A ball (other than a served ball) hit forcibly
touched by any part of a player’s body or clothing.               Injury timeout (5-minute recovery period) - The time              the Delegate(s) in which the validity of a team’s protest is     from a height not less than the top of the net. Also known
Court - The playing surface divided into two equal areas          allowed for the player to recover from an injury.                 considered. This may occur before, during or after a match.      as bury, crush, hammer, kill, put away or slam.
by a net. In its official form, Beach Volleyball is played on     Interference - When a player through physical contact or          Protocol - The time from the end of the previous match to        Technical timeout - An official 30-second interruption to
a rectangular court 16 meters (52 feet, 5.921 inches) long        threat of contact prevents an opponent from a potential play      the commencement of the next match.                              the match that occurs in sets 1 and 2 when the sum of both
and 8 meters (26 feet, 2.841 inches) wide.                        on the ball. It may be the next shot or a subsequent shot.        Rally - The time that the ball is legally in play, from the      teams’ points is 21.
Court lines (boundary lines) - These lines delimit the            Joust - A classic confrontation above the net where the two       contact with the ball by the server, to the time of a fault by   Three hits per side - A team may contact the ball no
playing area. They are adjustable and made of resistant           opponent players simultaneously contact the ball, holding it      either team or when the ball hits the ground.                    more than three times before sending the ball over the net
material, contrast in colour to the sand and are 5-8              with open fingers.                                                Replay (Tie ball replay) - When the referee authorizes a         and into contact with either an opponent or his/her court.
centimetres wide. The ball must physically contact the line       Jump serve - The action of a serving player, who at the           service to be made again with no point or side out being made    Successive hits or contacts by the same player are illegal
to be considered as “in.”                                         time of the service is not in contact with the ground. The        to either team. This could be as a result of simultaneous        unless the player blocks at the net.
Court switches (side changes) - The moment in which the           action of jumping must commence legally from within the           fault, incorrect decision or external interference.              Timeouts - When the ball is dead, a player may request a
teams change their sides of the playing court. Occurs every       service zone but on landing may contact any part of the           Roll shot - Legal technique using rigid, closed fingers in       timeout. Each team will be allowed one, 30-second timeout
7 points (Sets 1 and 2) and every 5 points (3rd Set).             playing court or free zone.                                       an overhead single hand action to complete an attack hit.        per set per team. Each timeout must be approved by the
Coverage - Most often refers to a backing up a partner’s          Kong block - A huge one hand block used by Beach                  Usually travels a short distance into the opponent’s court.      officials.
hit when the block is up and the ball comes glancing back.        Volleyball legend Randy Stoklos.                                  Roof block (stuff block) - Block that puts the ball straight     Tip/dink - Illegal technique using open fingers (spread
Cross-court/cut shot - An offensive hit in which a player,        Line judges - Auxiliary officials responsible for assisting       down on the side of the attacking team.                          fingertips) to complete an attack hit.
instead of hitting with power, slices the ball just over and      the referees in determining faults esp. ball “in” “out” and       Rubber booties/sand-shoes/socks - Personal player’s              Toss - The action of releasing the ball from the player’s
nearly parallel to the net.                                       “touched”. Either 2 or 4 people can be used, situated at          equipment for protection of their feet. Usually used if sand     hands in the service zone with the intention of hitting a
Crossing space - The area above the net and inside the            corners of the court.                                             is too hot/cold or player is injured. Requires the referee’s     service.
antennas (and their imaginary extension upward) through           Lower space under net - The area below the bottom                 permission before use.                                           Warm-up period (Official warm up) - The time before the
which an attacked or served ball must pass.                       of the net between the net posts. It does not include the         Rules - All players must know and abide by the “Rules of         match officially allocated for teams to prepare on the court
Default - Where a team is unable to commence the match            Crossing and External spaces.                                     the Game.”                                                       for the match. Commences at the whistle (signal) of the 1st
legally with its players. It forfeits the match and gains no      Match format - The format for FIVB competition is best of 3       Sand - The material composing the court surface. Must            referee after the signing of the score sheet.
points.                                                           sets, the first 2 being played to 21 (with 2 point advantage)     be flat, uniform, and safe for participants and at least 40      Wipeoff - The attacking hit that deflects off the block of
Diagonals (Long / Short) - The distance diagonally across         and the 3rd set to 15 (with a 2 point advantage), both with       centimetres in depth.                                            the defending team.
the corners of the playing court (long diagonal 17.89 metres)     no maximum score.                                                 Sand anchors - The device, which secures the lines, by           Wind - Weather condition. Strength should be low enough
or across from one corner to the corner immediately under         Momentarily overhand with fingers/beach dig/beach                 use of a cord, to the court, surface (50 centimetres below       to enable normal playing conditions.
the net (short diagonal 11.31 metres).                            defence - A playing action (receiving a ball) that may be         the ground minimum). Material must be soft and flexible.
Dig (Save) - Ball brought up (saved) with any part of body,       legally used if the ball is hard driven. Players are allowed      Screen - The action of preventing the player(s) receiving
particularly from a spike attempt.                                legally to hold or carry the ball overhand slightly longer than   serve from having a clear and unobstructed view of the
Dink - Ball played just over net or blocker’s hands, instead      is usually allowed. The hands must be held with fingers up,       serving player. A screen is illegal and a screening player
of spiking and is legal as long as it is not with open fingers.   i.e.: not inverted to point downwards.                            must move if requested to move.


 138                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          139
FIVB and
BOCOG Officials
                                                                        www.fivb.org




FIVB Technical Delegates                                                                    FIVB Media Staff




Angelo SQUEO (ITA)           José CASANOVA (POR)                                            Fabrizio ROSSINI (ITA)   Tim SIMMONS (USA)            Andrea ZORZI (ITA)
                                                                                            Press Officer            Press Delegate               Press Delegate
                                                                                            press@fivb.org           bfishinc@aol.com




FIVB Control Committee Members


                                                                                            Mauro DE SANCTIS (ITA)   Fiorenzo GALBIATI (ITA)      Mauricio KAYE (BRA)
                                                                                            Photographer             Photographer                 Assistant Photographer



Holger BRUSCH (GER)          Miguel Angel QUINTANA (ESP)       Marcelo WANGLER (BRA)




                                                                                            BOCOG Officials


Rudolf KUNZ (SUI)            Roald BAHR (NOR)                  Peter Paul HRESZCZUK (AUS)




                                                                                            Naihong SHEN             Yu CAO                        Zhaohe CHENG
                                                                                            Venue Manager            Deputy Competition Manager    Technical Operation Manager



Edward DRAKICH (CAN)         Christopher St-John SMITH (USA)   Roberto REGGIANI (ITA)




                                                                                            Qian XIANG               Hongying WANG
                                                                                            Administration Manager   Results Manager
Jeffrey BREHAUT (ENG)



140                                                                                                                                                                         141

				
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