Issues in Implementing Technology in Schools by yaoyufang

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									Issues in Implementing
 Technology in Schools
         Chapter 12
  Teaching and Learning with
         Technology
              By
 Lever-Duffy, McDonald, Mizell

  Presented by Laura Dacus
         Chapter Outline
• What Do I Need to Know about
  Technology Implementation?
• Strategic Planning for Technology
  – Strategic Planning Steps
  – The Action Plan
  – The Teacher’s Role in Technology
    Planning
• Current Issues in Technology
  Implementation
  – Legal Issues in the Digital Age
  – Copyright and Fair Use
  – Privacy
  – Acceptable Use
  – Software Piracy
• Social Issues in the Digital Age

• Ethical Issues in the Digital Age
  – Freedom of Speech
  – Privacy
  – Academic Dishonesty
  – Resources for Teachers
• Emerging Technologies and Issues
  in Today’s Schools
 – Emerging Technologies
 – Emerging Issues: The Changing
   Face of Instruction in the Digital Age
   What Do I Need to Know?
• Although many school have personnel
  responsible for implementing and
  planning technology use, often
  teachers are asked to serve on
  technology planning teams. Educators
  as end users should be prepared to
  participate in planning for their school
  district’s technology future.
    Strategic Planning for
         Technology
• BIG PICTURE
 – Takes into account long-range as well
   as short-range goals (need to have
   representatives of all concerned parties)
    7 Strategic Planning Steps:
1. Describe the Setting: “What are the
   significant features in the setting in
   which the plan will be implemented?”
2. SWOT: Strengths, Weaknesses,
   Opportunities, Threats---Factors that
   will affect the potential success of the
   plan.
3. Determine Mission and Goals:
   Describes the overall intent of the
   plan.
       Steps Continued…
4. State Objectives: What must happen
   in order to achieve the goals?
5. Develop Strategies: Provides the
   formal blueprint for implementation of
   technology.
6. Evaluation: Plan the process that will
   inform if the plan has been
   successfully carried out.
7. Dissemination: Sharing the plan with
   all involved parties and adjusting it
   based on input.
        The Action Plan
• After the technology plan has been
  developed the action plan creates
  a blueprint for activities to be
  carried out. (grant writers, etc.)
Current Issues in Technology
      Implementation
• Legal Issues
• Copyright and Fair Use
  – “Reproduction of Copyrighted Works
    by Educators and Librarians”
  – http://www.loc.gov/copyright
• Privacy
• Acceptable Use
• Software Piracy
 Social Issues in the Digital
            Age
• Equity and Accessibility
  – Some children leap ahead while
    others fall behind. This gap between
    the “haves” and the “have-nots” is
    known as the digital divide.
  –Government report “Falling
   Through The Net, 2000”- 46% of
   house holds earning $35-49K
   have internet access. 66% of
   households earning $50K or
   more have access.

• Socioeconomics is not the only
  indicator.
• Ethnic, gender, and education lines
  as well.
  – Although the number of men and
    women using the internet is about the
    same, few women have computer
    related degrees or work in computer
    related fields.
  – 60% of people with college degrees
    use the Internet, whereas only 7% of
    those whose education stopped at
    elementary school.
Ethical Issues in the Digital Age

• Freedom of Speech
 – Content is not regulated and
   therefore contains material
   inappropriate for children

 Access on a school’s network must be
  controlled.
• Privacy vs Control and Monitoring
  – “The controversy arises as to the
    rights of any agency whether
    governmental or commercial, to
    closely monitor and record an
    individual’s personal information or
    online activities.”
   Ten Commandments for
      Computer Ethics
• Thou shalt not use a computer to
  harm other people.
• Thou shalt not intefere with other
  people’s comptuer work.
• Thou shalt not snoop around in other
  people’s files.
• Thou shalt not use a computer to
  steal.
• Thou shalt not use a computer to
  bear false witness.
• Thou shalt not use or copy
  software for which you have not
  paid.
• Thou shalt not use other people’s
  computer resources without
  authorization.
• Thou shalt not appropriate other
  people’s intellectual output.
• Thou shalt think about the social
  consequences of the program you
  write.
• Thou shalt use a computer in ways
  to show consideration and respect.



• The Computer Ethics Institute
  – http://www.brook.edu/its/cei/cei_hp.htm
     Academic Dishonesty
• Papers online for sale
• Assignments done by others
• Copy and Pasting from web sites

• Schools can utilize anti-plagiarism
  software
 Emerging Technologies and
 Issues in Today’s School’s
• Virtual Environments
• Artificial Intelligence
  – Neural Networks: Software that learns and
    adjusts its responses.
  – Fuzzy Logic: Resembles human decision
    making.
  – Expert Systems: Offer suggestions and
    advice on the basis of a database of
    expertise.
  Adapt to individual student’s needs.
• Wireless Connectivity
  – Student laptops or PDA’s


• Convergence
  – Blending of technologies into a
    single multipurpose technology: text
    messaging on phones
  – Hopefully school resources would go
    farther
      Emerging Issues…
• Computers as Appliances
 – Despite the current digital divide
   eventually the computer will be a
   common fixture in every household.
 – Pocket PC’s for every student.
 – Educators must learn to design
   lessons for the digital age.
 – Opportunities for adults to become
   computer literate.
   Changing Teacher Roles
• Teachers will not become obsolete
• Facilitate learning on a larger scale
  – As distance education becomes more
    prevalent, teachers may have a
    global audience.
• Must stay current with technology
  skills

								
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