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					AUSTRALIA

   Daniela Fankhauser
       Camilla Hercus
     Carina Rauscher
Social, historical and
 cultural factors
The Flag
The History

 17th century Colonisation through
  Europeans
 1770 James Cook → New South
  Wales
 1788 „First Fleet“ – Transport of
  Prisoners- Sydney
 1901 six colonies became a
  federation -Commonwealth of
  Australia was formed
       The Land

 Australia is 91 times bigger than Austria,
  the population just 2.5 times
 6 states      and 2 territories
    Western Australia
    New South Wales
    South Australia        Northern Territory,
    Queensland       Australian Capital Territory,
    Victoria
    Tasmania
The Population

   21.9 million inhabitants (coming from
    more than 120 different countries)

   92 % of the people are of European
    descent ( 6% of Asian, 2% of
    Indigene)

   Only 15 % of white population are not
    from British/Irish descent
Important
Holidays



   National Holiday: January 26

   ANZAC Day: April 25

   Melbourne Cup: first Tuesday of Nov.
Intercultural Dimensions
by Hofstede
Intercultural Dimensions by
          Hofstede
PDI (Power Distance Index)

    If you are working with or going to a
    country with a higher PDI than yours then

   Give clear and explicit directions
   Be more authoritarian in your management
   Show respect and deference to those higher up
    the ladder
   Do not expect subordinates to take initiative
          IDV (Individualism)

    If you are working or doing business in a
    country with a higher individualism score
    than yourself then:

   Can't depend on the group for answers
   Business and personal life may very well be
    kept separate
   Bear in mind that a certain amount of individual
    expression is tolerated
           MAS (Masculinity)

    Below are some of the common traits found
    in countries that score high on the
    masculinity scale:

   Life's priorities are achievement, wealth and
    expansion
   Women and men have different roles in society
   Professionals often "live to work"
VAI (Uncertainty Avoidance)

    If you are working or doing business in a
    country with a lower uncertainty avoidance
    score than yourself then:

   Try to be more flexible or open in your
    approach to new ideas than you may be used
    to
   Allow employees the autonomy and space to
    execute their tasks on their own
Communication
Direct vs. Indirect


   More direct form of communication

   Don’t hide their feelings or opinions
    when giving feedback
Attached vs. Detached


   More detached form of
    communication

   Display of feelings not primary form of
    communication
Low vs. High Context


   Communication is more low context

   High importance is placed on words
Tone and Volume


   Australians often end statements on a
    high note

   Australians tend to be more soft
    spoken
Silence



 Silence can be laden with meaning
  too
 Can convey anger or indicate lack of
  comfort
 Avoid saying things you might regret
Greetings

 Friendly and easy to get to know
 Common greetings: “Hello” or “How
  are you”
Entertaining


 In a pub: each person pays for one
  round
 No unannounced visits. Australians
  don’t invite strangers to their homes
 Express your opinions frankly
Gestures

 Raising one or two fingers can be
  considered as rude
 Inappropriate for a man to wink at a
  woman
 Men should not be too physically
  demonstrative with other men
 Like to have at least two feet of
  personal space
       AUSTRALIA
Open LINK
    Bibliography
    “Australia in the world : perceptions and possibilities ; papers
    from the "Outside Images of Australia" ed. by Don Grant &
    Graham Seal
   „Australien : eine interdisziplinäre Einführung“ by Rudolf Bader
   “G'day boss!: Australian culture and the workplace” by Barbara
    A. West, Frances T. Murphy
   “Kiss, Bow, Or Shake Hands”, 2nd edition by Terri Morrison and
    Wayne A. Conway
   “The Macquarie Book of Slang”, edited by James Lambert
   Kwintessential (Hg.): Intercultural Business Communication.
    Online verfügbar unter
    http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/intercultural-business-
    communication/tool.php?culture1=3&culture2=2, zuletzt geprüft
    am 14.12.2009.
Thanks for your attention

				
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