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Chemistry Test Review - 1D

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Chemistry Test Review - 1D Powered By Docstoc
					SNC 1D1                                                  Name: _____________
                            Chemistry Unit               Date: _____________

                          Review and Study Guide

Vocabulary Provide a definition and/or examples for the following terms:

1. Chemistry:     ________________________________________________
2. Matter: _____________________________________________________
3. Mass:    _____________________________________________________
4. Volume: _____________________________________________________
5. Density: _____________________________________________________
6. Pure Substance: ____________ or ___________; ex. ________________
7. Mixture: two or more ________ ________________; ex. _____________
8. Heterogeneous Mixture: contains ______________ phases; ex.___________
9. Homogeneous Mixture: contains ____________ phases; ex. ____________
10. Phase: a visible ______________________________________________
11. Element: any substance found listed in the_____________ __________
                  Ex. ____________, ______________, _____________
                  Smallest particle of any element is called a(n) ____________
12. Compound: formed from _____________________________________
                  Ex. ____________, ______________, _________________
                  Smallest particle of any compound is called a(n) ___________
13. Atom: the smallest ___________________________________________
14. Nucleus: located ____________________________________________;
                  contains _______________ and _______________________
15. Orbit: _____________________________________________________
              Synonyms: _________________             _____________________
16. Atomic number: ________________________________; symbol ______
17. Mass number: _________________________________; symbol ______
18. Atomic mass: __________________________________; symbol ______
19. Isotope: ______________________________________; symbol ______
20. Chemical symbol: used to represent _______________; ex. _________
21. Chemical formula: used to represent ________________; ex. _________
22. Chemical (word) equation: used to represent ______________________;
      ___________ (written on the left) and __________ (written on the right)
      ex. of a word equation ________________________________________
23. WHMIS: ___________________________________________________
24. MSDS: ____________________________________________________
25. PPE: ______________________________________________________
26. Route of Entry: ______________________________________________
27. Chemical Salt: ________________________________Ex. ___________
28. Catalyst: _____________________________________Ex. ___________
Physical Change and Physical Properties

1. Name and describe the 3 types of physical change; provide an example for
   each one:

   1) _________________________________________________________
      _________________________________________________________

   2) _________________________________________________________
      _________________________________________________________

   3) _________________________________________________________
      _________________________________________________________

2. Physical Properties:

   1) List all the ones that are specific to metals, and describe what each one
      means:
      _________________________________________________________
      _________________________________________________________

   2) List the one that is specific to fluids, and describe it:
      _________________________________________________________

   3) List as many as you can that can be detected by each of the five
      senses:

      Touch: ____________________________________________
      __________________________________________________

      Taste: _____________________________________________

      Smell: _____________________________________________

      Sound: _____________________________________________
      ___________________________________________________

      Sight: _____________________________________________
      __________________________________________________

   4) Do physical properties change in physical changes? Why or why not?
   _________________________________________________________
3. Draw the “change of state” triangle in the space below. Label each arrow:




Chemical Change and Chemical Properties

1. List the five clues that a chemical change has taken place:

   1)    ______________________
   2)   _______________________
   3)   _______________________
   4)   _______________________
   5)   _______________________

2. Ultimately, what is the one thing that decides for sure that a chemical
   change has taken place? _____________________________________

3. What is another way to say “chemical change?” ___________________

4. What are the substances called before a chemical change takes place?
        _________________________________________

5. What are the substances called after a chemical change takes place?
        _________________________________________

6. Complete the following chart:


           Gas                     Test           What observation you expect

          oxygen

                              limewater

                                                             pop
The Atom

     1. Draw and label the parts of the atom:




     2. Complete the following chart:

     Subatomic            Charge             Location           Relative Size         Short form
      Particle        (+ve, -ve, zero)    (nucleus, orbit)
      proton

                                               orbit

                           zero


     3. Label the following diagram:

                             12             ______________


                                   C        ______________
                               6            ______________

     4. Complete the following chart (use your periodic table where necessary):

Symbol    Atomic Number     Mass Number     Atomic Mass      # protons   # neutrons     # electrons
               (Z)              (A)             (M)

27
     Al
13


40
 Ca
20




                 73                                                         107             73
Particle Theory:

List the 5 points of the Particle Theory:

            1. ______________________________________

            2. ______________________________________

            3. ______________________________________

            4. ______________________________________

            5. ______________________________________

Atomic Theories:

Draw the model picture for each atomic theory, and, under each one, list the
main points about its structure.
The Periodic Table

Use your colour-coded periodic table for any of the questions in this section.
You will be expected to use your colour-coded periodic table during the test and
the exam. Please make sure that it is complete and correct.

1. Complete the following:

  a. Explain what the role of the staircase is in the periodic table:
     ___________________________________________________________

  b. What does “diatomic” mean? ___________________________________

  c. List which elements are “diatomic.”        __________________________

  d. Which metallic element is a liquid at room temperature? _____________

  e. What is the name of the group that Calcium is in? __________________

  f. What is the name of the group that Krypton is in, Superman?
                     ___________________________

  g. What is the name of the group that Chlorine is in, Poolboy?
                     ___________________________

  h. What is the name of the group that Potassium is in? ________________

  i. What is the name of the group that Ytterbium is in? ________________

  j. Vanadium is found in Group # ___________.

  k. Tungsten is found in Group # ___________.

  l. Write the atomic mass of Nitrogen __________________. What (strong)
     tissue in your body is very dependent on Nitrogen? _________________.

  m. What is true for all of the elements in the periodic table past lead, Pb?
          ____________________________________________
Chemical Formulas

Complete the chart below:


   Formula       # of Elements   Name of each   # of atoms of    Total # of
                     in the      Element(in a   each element    atoms in one
                  compound           list)                        molecule

     CH4




   C6H12O6




     N2O




    CaSO4




    H2CO3




   Mg3(PO4)2




   CH3COOH




  (NH4)2SO4




   B(BrO2)3
Safety

1. Draw and label the fire diamond (tetrahedron).




2. Use the fire diamond to help answer the following questions:

  a) Which part of the fire diamond has been “removed” when water is used to
     put out a paper fire? ________________________________________

  b) Which part of the fire diamond has been “removed” when a lid is used to
     put out a frying pan fire? ______________________________________

  c) If your clothes are on fire, you are told to roll on the ground. Explain why
     in terms of the fire diamond. __________________________________
     __________________________________________________________

3. Lab Safety:

     1) If you were using ACID, what PPE should you use?
     _________________________ ______________________________

     2) If you were dealing with a chemical that was a fine dust, what PPE
        should you use? _________________________________________

     3) If the experiment in the lab was expected to give off toxic vapours,
        what should the teacher ensure? ____________________________

     4) If you were using an open flame, what precautions about yourself and
        the area at your bench should you take? ______________________
        _______________________________________________________

     5) If a glass beaker fell and broke, what should you do? _____________
        ________________________________________________________

     6) List three other lab safety scenarios that are possible:

             1) __________________________________________________
             2) __________________________________________________
             3) __________________________________________________
4. List 3 hazardous chemicals in each of the 4 areas of your home - kitchen,
   bathroom, basement/laundry room, garage and shed – and for each one,
   draw the HHPS safety symbol.

 Area in    Hazardous Chemical 1    Hazardous Chemical 2     Hazardous Chemical 3
the Home    Nature of    HHPS       Nature of    HHPS        Nature of    HHPS
             Hazard     Symbol       Hazard     Symbol        Hazard     Symbol

 Kitchen



Bathroom

Basement/
 Laundry

 Garage/
  Shed



5. List and describe the 4 routes of exposure, and for each one, identify at least
   one PPE.

            Route of Exposure       Brief Description       Example of a PPE

      1) _________________ ___________________ __________________

      2) _________________ ___________________ __________________

      3) _________________ ___________________ __________________

      4) _________________ ___________________ __________________



6. a) What is an MSDS?
      _________________________________________________________

   b) What 3 main things does a worker need to have an MSDS for?

      1) ____________________________

      2) ____________________________

      3) ____________________________
Density Word Problems

Solve the following density problems using the GRASP method. Report your
final answer in scientific notation and with the correct significant digits and
units.

      1) Determine the density of a small rock if the volume is 28.5 cm3 and the
         mass is 40.0 g.




      2) Calculate the volume of a steel bar if the density is 235.75 g/cm3 and
         the mass is 752. 65 kg.




      3) What must the mass of a fluid be if its density is 42.00 g/cm3 and it
         occupies a volume of 35 000 cm3?
Drawing Bohr Diagrams and Ions



  Metal        Bohr       Ion in Square   Non-metal       Bohr       Ion in Square
 Element    Diagram of      Brackets       Element     Diagram of      Brackets
           Neutral Atom                               Neutral Atom



   Na                                        Cl
           P=             P=                          P=             P=
           E=             E=                          E=             E=



   Be                                        O
           P=             P=                          P=             P=
           E=             E=                          E=             E=



   Mg                                        N
           P=             P=                          P=             P=
           E=             E=                          E=             E=




   Ca                                        P
           P=             P=                          P=             P=
           E=             E=                          E=             E=


                                             *
   Al                                        Si
           P=             P=                          P=             P=
           E=             E=                          E=             E=

				
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