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					                                                                                    CABY               IRWMP

                                                                    IRWMP IMPLEMENTATION AND MANAGEMENT

11.1     CABY Institutional Structure
                                                                                                      C H AP T E R
CABY has initiated creation of a Regional          CABY has already completed the first of its
Entity to implement the IRWMP over the next
thirty years. The current stakeholder Planning
Committee (see Chapter 2, Planning Process),
comprised of public agencies with water
                                                   annual work plans. CABY envisions an
                                                   annual evaluation process in which its
                                                   Coordinating Committee recommends to
                                                   Planning Committee members and their
management responsibilities and diverse            boards the appropriate staffing, funding and
interests across all four watersheds, are in the   implementation schedule for the regional
process of signing a Memorandum of                 entity.
Understanding (MOU) to serve as the interim
Regional Entity. The MOU will provide a            CABY has also developed a contingency
management        structure   that    delegates    funding model in which agencies on the
management decision-making authority to the        Coordinating Committee are committing to
Planning Committee.                                underwrite CABY for the next three years in
                                                   the absence of adequate grant funding to
CABY is currently evaluating two possible,         sustain this effort. The four water agencies in
long-term governance structures: a Joint           the region, El Dorado Irrigation District, El
Powers Authority/Agreement and a non-profit        Dorado County Water Agency, Placer County
corporation.     The governance structure          Water Agency and Nevada Irrigation District
discussion is being held at the highest levels     will budget contingency funds to ensure
within the CABY partners and stakeholders.         IRWMP implementation for 2007 through
The final decision will be during the fall of      2009. Additional funding beyond 2009 will
2007, however, the formal filings needed to        be determined by the CABY Regional Entity
finalize the governance structure will take an     and will consist of public and private grant
additional several months – most likely by the     funds, fee for service contracts with CABY
end of March, 2008.                                members and interested parties, and other
                                                   means (see section 11.10 for more detail on
This final Regional Entity will be responsible     financing).
for ensuring the implementation, monitoring
and success of the IRWMP. During the               A Fiscal Committee comprised of the elected
interim period the Nevada Irrigation District      officers from the various agencies allocating
will act as a fiscal agent for CABY.               contingency funds will provide fiscal
                                                   oversight for agency funds.
The elected officials who govern entities that
have adopted the IRWMP and signed the              The CABY members and stakeholders
MOU, along with other Planning Committee           represent a highly professional and talented
members will have an opportunity to provide        team of individuals. Both the water agency
input regarding CABY project and policy            staff and the staff of the various non-profit
recommendations through out this timeframe.        organizations are talented, experienced and
                                                   highly educated individuals. These staffs
The Coordinating Committee, which includes         represent a very real resource to the various
the four water agencies in the region and four     project proponents. In recognition of this
non-governmental organizations, will play a        resource, all projects funded through CABY
vital role in providing guidance to the recently   will include a regional coordination task of
hired CABY Executive Director.              The    two to five percent of the total project budget.
Coordinating Committee will work closely           The “fee for service” monies allocated
with the Executive Director on IRWMP               through this task will augment the funding to
implementation and forming decision                the CABY regional entity. This coordination
proposals for the Planning Committee.              task is described in Section 11.1.2, Roles and
                                                   Responsibilities of the Regional Entity.


        During 2007, CABY will refine and formalize              minimum).          Facilitate stakeholder
        its institutional structure, and continue                coordination and support for regional
        coordinating and outreach in the region                  efforts.
        through Planning Committee meetings and            3.)   Select and prioritize projects in the
        regional briefings. The Regional Entity will             region. Solicit requests for proposals.
        identify funding critical to implementing                Review and prioritize projects for
        projects that have met CABY’s rigorous                   inclusion in the IRWMP and for funding
        project criteria to bring multiple benefits to           applications. Identify opportunities for
        the region.                                              integrating projects, avoiding duplication,
                                                                 and achieving multiple benefits. Track
        By early 2008, CABY will finalize its                    progress on all funded projects.
        governance structure by becoming either a          4.)   Act as the region’s fiscal agent. Prepare
        non-profit organization or forming a Joint               and submit grant applications for State
        Powers Authority. CABY will continue all                 and Federal funds.         Secure funding
        implementation aspects and begin to update               through grant applications and local
        the IRWMP. CABY will also continue its                   agency and organizational participation.
        data management, funding program, and                    Develop and prepare quarterly progress
        further its monitoring program. CABY will                and financial reports.
        be the principal organization in the region for    5.)   Ensure proper data management. Provide
        outreach and coordination among diverse                  consistent quality control and quality
        interests and CABY envisions that potential              assurance procedures for the region.
        projects will be vetted at CABY meetings to              Provide guidance in the preparation of
        ensure they are integrated to their full                 Project Assessment and Evaluation Plans
        potential and to maximize coordination among             for each CABY project. Link CABY to
        agencies and organizations. The full scope of            State databases and meet State data
        work for the CABY Regional Entity is                     requirements. Develop and implement
        described in the next section.                           GIS interactive software to store data and
                                                                 display information.
                                                           6.)   Monitor the performance of the plan.
                                                                 Develop performance measures to ensure
                                                                 plan implementation and success in
        11.2 Roles and                                           meeting objectives and goals. Ensure
             Responsibilities of the                             plan is implemented effectively and
                                                                 adaptive management occurs.
             CABY Regional Entity                          7.)   Coordinate and provide training in
                                                                 integrated regional water management
                                                                 and other relevant skills.
        The Regional Entity has hired an Executive         8.)   Advocate for the region. Participate in
        Director to coordinate and implement                     legislative activities that involve the
        activities. Below is a brief summary of the              CABY region. Participate in Statewide
        tasks identified for this work effort.                   programs such as the California Water
                                                                 Plan       updates      and      California
        1.) Finalize the institutional structure for the         Environmental       Protection     Agency
            region and develop a schedule for                    (Cal/EPA) Watershed Program.
            implementation.                                9.)   Provide regional IRWMP coordination.
        2.) Provide coordination and outreach.                   Meet       with      adjacent     IRWMP
            Conduct briefings for elected officials and          organizations twice a year or as needed to
            engage them in interpreting policy. Make             ensure adequate coordination with
            presentations on CABY throughout the                 projects and policy decisions. Participate
            region and State to raise awareness about            and coordinate with other regional efforts
            CABY and encourage support for CABY                  such as the Sierra Nevada Conservancy
            projects and planning. Meet with the                 and Mountain Counties Water Resources
            Planning Committee quarterly (at a                   Association.

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                                                                                  CABY              IRWMP

                                                                   IRWMP IMPLEMENTATION AND MANAGEMENT

                                                   improvement projects that seek to directly
                                                   improve water quality.

11.3 Regional Priorities                           Data collection efforts would establish
                                                   baseline conditions in selected waterways,
                                                   calculate or project impacts of global warming
11.3.1   Overview                                  throughout the watershed, create outreach and
                                                   training to increase awareness and technical
Regional priorities were developed to address      support skills, expand citizen monitoring
issues of importance which extend beyond the       efforts, completion of flood control and creek
individual priorities established within           master plans and develop and maintain
management plans and studies of CABY               extensive data bases.
member agencies, counties, cities, and
stakeholders.                                      Remediation or improvement projects would
                                                   increase water quality through cleanup of
Regional priorities take into the account the      known contamination using pilot level
collective needs of the watershed and reflect      projects, implementation of demonstration
the IRWMP goals and objectives.                    projects, direct removal of mercury from
                                                   selected sites, improvements to ditch delivery
                                                   system components, alteration of agricultural
11.3.2   Identified Regional Priorities            irrigation patterns and frequency, cleanup of
                                                   contaminated lands, reduction in erosion
CABY regional priorities were identified by        through targeted roadway and trail
the group following an extensive internal          improvements, improvements to selected
process, involving all CABY Planning               waste water treatment facilities, and creek
Committee members. This process, outlined          restoration     to   reduce    erosion     and
in 11.3.3 – Regional Prioritization Process,       sedimentation.
resulted in the identification of three regional
                                                   Even though most of the CABY projects will
                                                   support individual communities, it is in the
                                                   interest of the CABY region to support
    1.) Water Quality;
                                                   quantification of regional needs for
    2.) Water Supply; and
                                                   infrastructure and to work with the
    3.) Environmental Restoration and
                                                   communities and the local, state and federal
        Habitat Improvement.
                                                   agencies to find and develop funding; ensure
                                                   compliance with existing or proposed
These priorities were developed the guide the
                                                   standards and regulations; and protect public
Workgroups in the creation of CABY Goals
                                                   and environmental health. It is through this
and Objectives and, in the aggregate, address
                                                   universal approach that CABY plans on
the spectrum of management issues identified
                                                   addressing disadvantaged community needs;
as part of the overall IRWMP preparation
                                                   through     intra-community,    inter-regional
process (See Table 11.1, Regional Priorities
                                                   project       development,     disadvantaged
and CABY Goals)
                                                   community assets and resources will be
Water Quality                                      compounded.
Chapter 4, Water Quality, characterizes the
                                                   Water Supply
key water quality issues in the region as:
                                                   Chapter 5, Water Demand and Supply,
sediment, mercury, contamination (e.g.,
                                                   quantifies the key surface and ground water
hydrocarbons, bacteria, lawn chemicals, etc.)
                                                   supply issues as:      urban water supplies,
and temperature. CABY proposes to address
                                                   agricultural water supplies, and environmental
the water quality issues through two types of
projects: (1) research, data collection and
outreach efforts that can guide future policy
                                                   CABY projects will address these issues via
and project design, and (2) remediation or
                                                   improving water supply infrastructure;


        identifying and securing new water supplies
        through conservation, recycling and storage;
        and instituting improvements in water quality
        to increase the quality of area water, thereby
        increasing the availability of clean, healthy
        water to the watershed and its environment.

        Another regional issue, mirroring a situation
        felt nationally, is the question of aging public
        works-related capital infrastructure. These
        needs have not yet been fully defined or
        quantified. Over the next two years CABY
        will work with agency stakeholders in the
        community to identify areas of greatest need.
        Work will include evaluating current
        wastewater treatment needs, water supply
        distribution and storage requirements,
        including identifying which systems are at or
        near the standards or are risking regulatory

        Environmental Restoration and Habitat
        The primary issues affecting environmental
        and habitat resources in the watershed are:
        water       quality     (sediment,     mercury
        contamination, and temperature), diversions
        (of stream flow), fire and fuels, habitat
        alteration, and fish passage barriers.

        As with water quality and water supply,
        CABY projects will address these issues
        through a two-pronged approach of data
        collection and evaluation and implementation

        Quantifying the probable effects of global
        warming, assessing and identifying abandoned
        mining sites, clean up of contaminated areas,
        implementation of demonstration projects,
        habitat improvement and restoration projects,
        improvement       of    fish   passage,  and
        improvements to water quality will all
        contribute to meeting the regional priorities
        and plan goals and objectives with respect to
        habitat restoration and preservation.

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                                                                                    CABY                         IRWMP

                                                                                                     IRWMP IMPLEMENTATION AND MANAGEMENT
 Regional Priority               Applicable CABY Goal                                                            Comments
Water Quality        1. Achieve sustainable surface and groundwater   This regional priority seeks to ensure that water quality in the CABY region is sufficient to
                        supply.                                       support natural resources and sustain beneficial uses.
                     2. Provide multiple benefits from management     Ongoing monitoring will be essential to ensure that baseline conditions are documented, trends
                        of water resources, diversions, and           of pollutants of concern are updated and monitored, and to assess the success of projects and
                        infrastructure.                               programs aimed at water quality improvement.
                     4. Protect infrastructure, equipment, and        Data collection efforts would: establish baseline conditions in selected waterways; model
                        property from flooding.                       impacts of global warming throughout the watershed; create outreach and training to increase
                     6. Manage sediment for water resources,          awareness and technical support skills; expand citizen monitoring efforts: complete flood
                        infrastructure, and habitat value.            control and creek master plans and develop; and maintain extensive data bases.
                     7. Reduce mercury contamination in waterways.    Remediation or improvement projects would: increase water quality through cleanup of known
                                                                      contamination using pilot level projects; implement demonstration projects; remove mercury
                     8. Reduce contamination of surface and           from selected sites; improve ditch delivery system components, alter of agricultural irrigation
                        groundwater resources.                        patterns and frequency to increase conservation, cleanup contaminated lands; reduce erosion
                                                                      through targeted roadway and trail improvements; improve selected waste water treatment
                                                                      facilities; and creek restoration to reduce erosion and sedimentation.
Environmental        1. Achieve sustainable surface and groundwater   This regional priority seeks to restore and the preserve the integrity and value of natural
Restoration and         supply.                                       habitats and communities. This includes wetlands, streams, rivers, and riparian areas, as well
Habitat              2. Provide multiple benefits from management     as upland areas, forests and meadows.
Improvement             of water resources, diversions, and           Quantifying the probable effects of global warming, assessing and identifying abandoned
                        infrastructure.                               mining sites, clean up of contaminated areas, implementation of demonstration projects, habitat
                     3. Reduce impacts from catastrophic fire.        improvement and restoration projects, improvement of fish passage, minimizing the potential
                                                                      for catastrophic fire, and improvements to water quality (as cited above) will all contribute to
                     5. Protect and improve watershed resources       meeting the regional priorities and plan goals and objectives with respect to habitat restoration
                        through land use practices                    and preservation
                     6. Manage sediment for water resources,
                        infrastructure, and habitat value.
                     7. Reduce mercury contamination in waterways.
                     8. Reduce contamination of surface and
                     groundwater resources.


                            9. Protect and improve fisheries and aquatic
                               biota through water resources management.
        Water Supply        1. Achieve sustainable surface and groundwater   This regional priority seeks to ensure the provision of adequate and improved water supplies to
                               supply.                                       meet community and regional needs, consistent with sound ecosystem management.
                            2. Provide multiple benefits from management     CABY projects will address these issues via instituting improvements identified above in Water
                               of water resources, diversions, and           Quality to increase the quality of area water, thereby increasing the availability of clean,
                               infrastructure.                               healthy water to the watershed and its environment. The Plan also proposes to reduce demand
                                                                             of agriculture through the employment of “smart” technologies.
                            4. Protect infrastructure, equipment, and
                               property from flooding.
                            6. Manage sediment for water resources,
                               infrastructure, and habitat value.
                            7. Reduce mercury contamination in waterways.
                            8. Reduce contamination of surface and
                               groundwater resources.

          Table 11.1. Regional Priorities and CABY Goals

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11.3.3 Relationship of Regional Priorities      The identification of regional priorities was
       to Plan Goals and Objectives             the result of an extensive internal review and
                                                debate that included all CABY stakeholders.
The CABY regional priorities were identified    Chapter 10 refers to the specifics of this
concurrently with the Plan Goals and            process.     The CABY stakeholders have
Objectives. This process resulted in the        determined that on-going prioritization of
development of a set of goals that              regional issues will be necessary in response
intentionally address multiple management       to outcomes of project performance
strategies and key management issues. Table     evaluations, evolving conditions within the
11.1, Regional Priorities and CABY Goals,       region, and other factors. As a result CABY
presents the regional priorities and how they   will review the regional priorities annually to
correspond to CABY Goals.                       determine that the Goals and Objectives are
                                                based on currently available information.
As identified in Chapter 8, Integrated Goals    This process will be a coordinated effort that
and Objectives, CABY has developed nine         will include consideration of new projects as
primary IRWMP Goals, displayed below.           well as refinements to ongoing projects.
    1) Achieve sustainable surface and
    groundwater supply.
    2) Provide multiple benefits from           11.3.4 Development of Project Priorities
    management of water resources,
    diversions, and infrastructure.             After an initial set of projects was developed,
    3) Reduce impacts from catastrophic fire.   a review panel made up of planning
    4) Protect infrastructure, equipment, and   committee members ranked an assessed each
    property from flooding.                     project. Using the project ranking as a
    5) Protect and improve watershed            starting point, the full Planning Committee
    resources through land use practices.       was then able to prioritize the projects into
    6) Manage sediment for water resources,     two tiers (see Table 11.2 – Recommended
    infrastructure, and habitat value.          Projects, Prioritized by Tier). More detail on
    7) Reduce mercury contamination in          this process is available in Chapter 10, Project
    waterways.                                  Descriptions.
    8) Reduce contamination of surface and
    groundwater resources.                      Tier 1 projects are those projects which are
    9) Protect and improve fisheries and        ready to proceed, consistent with the adopted
    aquatic biota through water resources       water management strategies, responsive to
    management.                                 established state priorities, consistent with the
                                                CABY goals and objectives. Tier 2 projects
Chapter 8 also identifies 26 Objectives that,   include projects which may be consistent with
when integrated with the nine goals, form the   some, but not all criteria used to establish Tier
foundation for future water resources           1, or projects which are insufficiently
management in the CABY watershed.               developed to move into Tier 1. Five other
The process by which the regional priorities,   projects were submitted to the CABY review
goals and objectives were developed is          team; these were judged to be sufficiently
outlined below (Section 11.3.4) and is          incomplete, but of high enough quality, to
explained in greater detail in Chapter 2,       warrant a more thorough project development
Planning Process and Chapter 8, Integrated      process. These projects can be found in
Goals and Objectives.                           Chapter 10, section 10.6.3, page 10-48.

Regional Prioritization Process


 Tier 1 – Projects                                            Requested Funds - Total Cost
 Placer and Nevada County Fish Passage Improvement and
                                                              $4,300,000 – ($5,200,000)
 Habitat Restoration
 The Bear River Project: A Comprehensive Approach to
 Reducing the Legacy Mercury Contamination in Sierra          $4,133,513– ($5,108,213)
 Nevada Watersheds
 Addressing Sediment Issues in the CABY Region                $3,321,934 – ($4,282,853)
 Measuring Impact Project                                     $1,740,113 – ($2,740,113)
 Protecting the Headwaters: Groundwater Sources and
                                                              $1,116,732 – ($1,306,732)
 Mountain Meadows
 Abandoned Mines Lands Assessment                             $1,066,000 – ($1,319,000)
 Flow Augmentation: Assessing Needs and Implementing
                                                              $286,933 – ($361,933)
 Strategies in the CABY Region
 The Heat is On: Climate Change, Water Supply, and Aquatic
                                                              $169,575 – ($690,000)
 Habitat in the CABY Region
 Evapotranspiration Rates Measures in the Cosumnes,
                                                              $33,257 – ($67,697)
 American, Bear, and Yuba River Watersheds
 Ag Stewardship Project                                       $388,500 – ($634,859)
 Hangtown Creek Restoration                                   $21,960,050 – ($24,046,050)
 Riparian Conservation Area Evaluation and Dump Cleanup       $480,231 – ($498,231)
 Tribute Trail Bridge                                         $438,000 – ($473,000)
 Tier 2 – Projects                                            Requested Funds - Total Cost
 Regional Water System Reliability and Conservation Project   $9,000,000 – ($18,000,000)
 Caples Spillway Channel Stabilization                        $1,162,500 – ($1,443,750)
 Esmerelda Creek Restoration                                  $1,068,750 – ($1,795,500)

 Groundwater Response to Climate Variation                    $52,500 – ($105,000)
 Conservation and Increased Ag Water Use Efficiency           $48,544 – ($105,485)
 Wolf Creek Parkway Demonstration Projects                    $41,025 – ($62,825)
 North Fork Yuba River Fire Ecology/Assessment Project        $12,600 – ($16,000)
 Finnon Lake Dam Reconstruction Project                       $925,000 – ($1,343,750)
 Colfax WWTP                                                  $5,420,900 – ($12,122,200)
 Upper Lakes Project                                          $107,800 – ($215,758)
 Bridging Schools and Communities                             $310,654 – ($388,826)
 Sly Park Restoration Projects                                $305,000 – ($610,000)

    Table 11.2- Recommended Projects, Prioritized by Tier

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11.3.5 Short-term Priorities                       regional priorities can be met by both single-
                                                   and multi-proponent projects.
The near term priority for implementing the
IRWMP is to continue the development and           CABY will utilize the implementation actions
refinement of high priority projects that are      (see Chapter 10, Project Implementation) as a
ready to proceed and which have received           basis for both new project design development
high scoring in the project ranking. The Tier      and implementation, and ongoing refinement
1 implementation projects (identified as           of short, mid term, and long term priorities.
meeting the highest priority needs of the
region) are considered, by CABY, to be the         The process for modifying priorities in
short-term high priority projects.                 response to regional changes will be as
As part of the ongoing process of document                  semi-annually, as part of their
refinement, data collection, performance                    IRWMP review and evaluation
measure assessment, changing physical                       process, the CABY Coordinating
conditions in the watershed, and other                      Committee will review project
considerations, project tiers will be reassessed            performance data, reports and
periodically, when needed, to ensure continual              publications on global and state-wide
response to changing regional priorities. With              issues as well as the results of
limited funding resources, the focus of the                 stakeholder participants’ studies and
regional agencies must be on those projects                 technical evaluations;
that can provide the greatest degree of benefit.            Goals, Objectives, and performance
                                                            measures will be evaluated to
                                                            determine the need for revision,
11.3.6 Long-term Priorities                                 refinement, or necessary additions;
The      long-term    priority    for     plan              yhe CC will make formal
implementation is to meet the articulated plan              recommendations to the full PC for
goals and objectives. It is clear that, as                  changes to the document.
conditions change within the watershed and
more data becomes available, the objectives        CABY fully intends for this IRWMP to be a
identified in the plan may be revised or           “living document” and, as such, expects that
refined to reflect evolving understanding of       various portions of the document will be
watershed conditions.                              subject to regular review and revision.

Additional long-term priorities include:
development of CABY programs for
stakeholder assistance in project design and
development, deepening the collaborative
relationships and number of involved
stakeholders, developing more projects
answering the unmet needs of the CABY
community, and disseminating the results of
CABY projects and programs throughout the
State to inform the work plans and project
design efforts of other IRWMPs with similar

The ongoing process for review of Plan Goals,
Objectives, and priorities will be designed to
accommodate the ongoing evaluation of both
types of projects, under the assumption that


           Table 11.3. Project Implementation Schedule

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                                                    The program-level criteria for technical
11.4 Economic and Technical                         feasibility included availability of identified
     Feasibility                                    technology       in     the       market-place,
                                                    documentation of demonstration-level testing
                                                    of innovative or emerging technologies,
                                                    review of resource management and land use
11.4.1 Economic Feasibility                         management plans and policies developed by
                                                    CABY partners or stakeholders, regulatory
The program-level assessment of economic            parameters or technologies mandated by state
feasibility focused on projections, formulas,       and federal agencies, evaluation of best
and calculations contained in agency master         management practices (BMPs), and available
planning documents, availability of selected        agency guidelines. Table 11.4, Program-
technologies in the marketplace, cost               Level Technical Feasibility, provides a
estimates and budgets contained in individual       program-level presentation of technical
project proposals, and other similar factors.       feasibility, using plan objectives as the
                                                    screening level.
An additional aspect of economic feasibility is
the impact of collaboration and project
“bundling.” The ability of stakeholders to
combine planning and implementation
activities can lead to an economy of scale, as
can the grouping or “bundling” of projects to
achieve cost reduction or efficiency.

11.4.2 Technical Feasibility

The program-level technical feasibility
assessment took into account a variety of
issues identified during plan preparation.
There will be two primary categories of long
term     implementation    projects/programs:
projects/programs     that      would      be
independently implemented by stakeholders
and projects/programs that would be
coordinated as inter-group/multi-stakeholder

Projects that met all criteria and were ready to
proceed were given a higher priority than
those projects that were conceptual in nature
or which had not yet been sufficiently
described. In this context, technical feasibility
– as a minimum – included: presence of a
budget detailing projected costs, a timeline
which identified project tasks and key
milestones, initiated CEQA/NEPA review or
completed      environmental      review     and
permitting, documented commitment of
responsible agency/organizational board to
proceed with project, and availability of match
funds. See Chapter 10 for more project

CABY IRWMP │ 11-17

        1) Achieve sustainable surface   The technical feasibility was defined based on technologies
        and groundwater supply.          identified in agency master planning documents, regulatory agency
                                         compliance regulations, guidelines and policies, and evaluation of
                                         known technologies as well as documentation of available
                                         demonstration technologies.
        2) Provide multiple benefits     The technical feasibility was determined using evaluation of issues
        from management of water         such as temperature, water diversion, infrastructure, instream flow,
        resources, diversions, and       habitat alteration, and fisheries and aquatic biota contained in master
        infrastructure.                  planning documents and technical reports and memorandum
                                         developed by project proponents.
        3) Reduce impacts from           Technical feasibility was defined through forest management
        catastrophic fire.               actions and land use management identified in federal and local
                                         management plans.
        4) Protect infrastructure,       Because flooding is not a concern in all areas of the CABY region
        equipment, and property from     and some flooding is desired to maintain stream and riparian
        flooding.                        function, flooding is usually a localized problem. However,
                                         technical feasibility relates to management plans which focus on
                                         discrete flood hazard areas as well as regional plans that affect
                                         downstream areas potentially subject to cumulative flooding.
        5) Protect and improve           Technical feasibility is addressed in local state and federal
        watershed resources through      management plans, programs, and policies which relate to land-use
        land use practices.              practices.
        6) Manage sediment for water     Technical feasibility was defined using conventional technologies or
        resources, infrastructure, and   demonstration tests of new technologies from agencies within
        habitat value.                   CABY, as well as nation wide.
        7) Reduce mercury                Technical feasibility is defined via best management practices to
        contamination in waterways.      reduce mercury input as well s documented technologies for
                                         extracting mercury contamination.
        8) Reduce contamination of       Technical feasibility was defined using conventional or pilot tested
        surface and groundwater          technologies.
        9) Protect and improve           Technical feasibility determined through evaluation of the best
        fisheries and aquatic biota      management strategies based in plans on local and state federal
        through water resources          management plans guidelines and policies.
        Table 11.4. Program-Level Technical Feasibility

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11.5 Current Status of Plan

CABY has already begun to implement the
Plan within the CABY region. Stakeholders
engaged in a project identification and ranking
process in late 2006 and mid-2007, resulting
in a set of projects that are “ready to proceed.
CABY has also begun the design and
implementation of a data base system that will
enable the storage, interpretation, and
dissemination of data to stakeholders and
interested parties. CABY stakeholders have
participated in the development of
performance measures for currently identified
projects and for the CABY regional entity.
The entity has also identified an on-going
process for IRWMP refinement and revision.

As with all entities taking on large-scale
regional management, the shortfall is not in
creation of good ideas, but in finding funding
to support implementation. CABY is already
a line item in the annual budgets of the four
major water agencies. In addition, CABY is
implementing a strategic planning process to
develop a diversified fundraising plan, project
prioritization by watershed, finalization of the
regional       entity/governance       structure,
development of Prop 84 water management
strategies, and expanded outreach to regional
stakeholders (especially agencies with land
use management authority, energy providers,
and business interests).

CABY IRWMP │ 11-19

       Table 11.5. IRWMP Implementation Schedule

11-20 │ CHAPTER 11
                                                                                    CABY            IRWMP

                                                                    IRWMP IMPLEMENTATION AND MANAGEMENT

                                                   reduction in habitat values, and growing
                                                   shortage in water supply will affect the
11.6 Programmatic-level                            region both directly and indirectly in
     Impacts and Benefits                          significant ways.

                                                   Without       regional   and      sustainable
                                                   management of regional water resources,
11.6.1 Project Impacts and Benefits                the increase in population and growth will
                                                   stretch existing water supplies in the region
A wide variety of potential benefits and           and in some areas eliminate surplus supplies
impacts will result from implementation of         during the first 2-3 years of a drought.
projects described in the IRWMP.                   Increase in recreational use and urban
                                                   runoff will continue to degrade our
                                                   groundwater and surface water supplies,
11.6.2 Potential Benefits                          impacting both consumptive use and the
                                                   environment. In addition to the regional
Qualitative          benefits     of     project   impacts, state water supplies could also be
implementation will include, among other           impacted by the consumption of water
benefits, increased reliability of long-term       supply and degradation of quality in the
water supply, increased efficiency in water        CABY region.
storage      and      delivery,     sustainable
management of groundwater, integrated              Many of the CABY projects will be
management of water supply and storage             categorically or statutorily exempt from
infrastructure, reduced impact from                environmental review because they do not
catastrophic fire, decreased damage from           result in direct physical effects (e.g., WEAP
flooding,      increased     protection     and    modeling,      mountain       meadow      data
improvement of watershed resources                 collection, citizen-based water quality
(stream flow, water quality, habitat, and fish     monitoring, education programs in area
and wildlife), decrease in regional erosion        schools, irrigation rescheduling, etc.).
and sediment, reduction in mercury                 However, some individual projects which
contamination in waterways (source                 would require disruption to the physical
reduction and contamination remediation),          environment (e.g., abandoned mine clean-
and improvement of fishery and aquatic             up, removal of mercury from the Bear
habitats      through      water      resources    River, sediment control demonstration
management. The collective benefits of             projects, and dump cleanups) will need to
implementing the integrated projects               comply with CEQA, NEPA, or other state
identified in the plan will directly benefit       and      local    permitting     requirements.
the key water management issues identified         Necessary documentation will be prepared
during Plan preparation, including increased       by participating agencies, which will
water quality, increased habitat values,           identify potential adverse impacts in more
more      reliable    water     supply,     and    detail for each project.
development of policy and related
management practices that directly address         Additionally,     it   is    possible    that
the articulated goals and objectives of the        implementation of proposed projects could
region.                                            results in impacts to downstream or
                                                   adjacent planning areas outside of the
                                                   CABY boundaries. Short-term disruptions
11.6.3 Potential Impacts                           to water quality that cause increases in
                                                   sedimentation, disruption in traffic patterns
Potential impacts to the region of not             due to road closures or increases in
implementing the Plan will be far greater          construction-related trucks or vehicular
than the negative impacts that could occur         traffic, increase in particulates, and other
as a result of project implementation. The         similar impacts could occur as a result of
continued decline in water quality,                CABY project activities. These impacts

CABY IRWMP │ 11-21

        could result in changed conditions in areas
        immediately adjacent to or downstream of
        CABY projects. Similarly, increases in
        construction or vehicle related emissions as
        a result of project activities could also add
        to the cumulative regional air quality
        impact. Where necessary, these projects
        will be evaluated and comply with CEQA
        where deemed necessary by the lead

        However, as already mentioned, the
        environmental review of implementation
        projects that require physical change to the
        environment will be used to evaluate and
        mitigate potential short-term impacts of
        project implementation.         Table 11.6,
        Programmatic Level Impacts and Benefits,
        Correlated with Water Management Strategies
        & Regional Priorities, provides a qualitative
        discussion of implementation impacts and
        benefits of each project.

11-22 │ CHAPTER 11
                                                                                   CABY                    IRWMP

                                                                                                  IRWMP IMPLEMENTATION AND MANAGEMENT

Table 11.6 – Programmatic Level Impacts and Benefits, Correlated with Water Management Strategies & Regional Priorities
                                                 Water            Regional
                            Responsible          Management Priorities                                                  Possible Negative
PROJECT                     Agency/Partnership Strategy           Addressed      Qualitative Benefits                   Impacts
                                                                                   Establish baseline conditions,
                                                                                   inform on-going design of
                                                                  Water Quality,   projects/programs, interface with
The Heat is On: Climate                                           Water Supply,    Flow Augmentation Study (# 8),
Change, Water Supply and                          Climate         Environmental
Aquatic Habitat in the CABY
                                                  Change          Restoration
                                                                                   support design of projects which
Region                                                            and              benefit water quality, water supply
                                                                  Preservation     and environmental restoration and
                                                                                   habitat improvement regional
                                                                                   priorities                            None
                                                                                   Establish baseline conditions,
                                                                  Water Quality,                                         construction-related
                                                                                   enable targeted design of
                                                  Mercury and     Environmental                                          impacts, mitigation
Abandoned Mines Lands                                                              remediation projects, complete
                              USFS                other           Restoration                                            will be designed
                                                  contamination   and              cleanup of two known sites using
                                                                                                                         during project
                                                                  Preservation     pilot project design, provide data
                                                                                   for federal and state databases,
                                                                  Water Quality,
Protecting the Headwaters:                                        Environmental    Establish baseline conditions,
Groundwater Sources and       NHI
                                                                  Restoration      inform development of targeted
Mountain Meadows                                                  and              enhancement projects
                                                                  Preservation                                           None

                                                                                   Implementation of demonstrations      Short-term
                                                                  Water Quality,   projects, regional sediment           construction-related
                                                                  Environmental                                          impacts, mitigation
Addressing Sediment Issues                                                         monitoring, outreach and training,
                              NHI                 Land Use        Restoration                                            will be designed
in the CABY Region
                                                                  and              create initiative to design and
                                                                                   implement non-point source            during project
                                                                                   projects                              environmental

CABY IRWMP │ 11-23

                                                                                           Remove mercury contamination
                                                                          Water Quality,   from targeted river reaches, renew   Short-term
        The Bear River Project: A                                                          storage capacity in Combie           construction-related
                                                                          Water Supply,
        Comprehensive Approach to                         Mercury and
                                       NID, EID, ECWA,                    Environmental    Reservoir, habitat enhancement,      impacts, mitigation
        Reducing the Legacy                               Other
        Mercury Contamination in
                                                                          Restoration      reuse of extracted material,         will be designed
                                                                          and              renewed recreation and integrated    during project
        Sierra Nevada Watersheds
                                                                          Preservation     educational outreach as part of      environmental
                                                                                           project implementation               review
                                                                                           Expansion of exiting citizen-based
                                                                                           water quality monitoring programs,
                                                                                           increase collection of base line
        Measuring Impact Project       SYRCL              Land Use        Water Quality    data, inform development of site-
                                                                                           specific remediation projects,
                                                                                           inform development of NPS policy
                                                                                           locally                              None
        Flow Augmentation:                                                                 Evaluate management of flows
        Assessing Needs and
        Implementing Strategies in
                                       NHI                Stream Flow     Water Quality    through water systems to improve
        the CABY Region                                                                    water quality                        None
                                                                                           A suite of five projects, direct     Short-term
                                                                          Water Quality,   habitat improvement for steelhead,   construction-related
        Placer and Nevada County                          Environmental                    includes dam removal, stream         impacts, mitigation
        Fish Passage Improvement                          Restoration
        and Habitat Restoration
                                       Placer County
                                                                          Restoration      restoration and dam fish passage     will be designed
                                                                          and              modification, increase in water      during project
        Project                                           Preservation
                                                                          Preservation     quality as well as habitat           environmental
                                                                                           improvement                          review
                                                                                           Improve and optimize ditch
                                                                          Water Quality,   conveyance of water, improve
                                                                          Water Supply,    water conservation, reduce
        Region Water System
                                       EDCWA, NID, EID,   Water           Environmental
        Reliability and Conservation
                                       PCWA               Conveyance      Restoration
                                                                                           sediment loads, increase supply      Changes in flows
        Project                                                                            and storage volumes, possible        may impact isolated
                                                                          Preservation     dedication of portion of "saved"     or discrete wetlands
                                                                                           flows to in stream uses              or seepage areas

11-24 │ CHAPTER 11
                                                                      CABY                    IRWMP

                                                                                     IRWMP IMPLEMENTATION AND MANAGEMENT
                                                                      Direct outreach and education to
Agricultural Stewardship                                              targeted area growers to ensure
                             GDRCD   Water Quality   Water Quality
Project                                                               agricultural discharges meet water
                                                                      quality objectives                    None
                                                                      Establish weather station to
                                                                      calculate Evapotranspiration rates
                                                     Water Quality,   in watershed, calibrate "smart"
Evapotranspiration Rates                                              irrigation controllers, support
                                     Water           Environmental
Measures in the Cosumnes,
American, Bear, and Yuba
                             EID     Conservation    Restoration      modification of irrigation based on
                                     and Recycling   and              environmental inputs rather than
River Watersheds
                                                     Preservation     calendar scheduling, reduce over
                                                                      watering and consequent waste
                                                                      and contamination                     None
                                                     Water Quality,                                         construction related
                                                                      Complete flood control and area
                                                     Environmental                                          - impacts, mitigation
                                     Environment                      creek master plans, relocate sewer
Hangtown Creek Restoration   EDCWA                   Restoration                                            will be designed
                                     and Habitat
                                                     and Habitat      trunk line, upgrade sewage lift
                                                                                                            during project
                                                     Preservation     stations, ongoing creek restoration
                                                     Water Quality,                                         construction related
Riparian Conservation Area                           Environmental                                          - impacts, mitigation
                                                                      Cleanup and remediation of
Evaluation and Dump          USFS    Water Quality   Restoration                                            will be designed
Cleanup                                              and              dumps on public lands
                                                                                                            during project
                                                     Preservation                                           environmental
                                                                                                            construction related
                                                     Environmental    Completion of trail loop, reconnect
                                                                                                            - impacts, mitigation
                                                     Restoration      floodplain to creek, reestablish
Tribute Trail Bridge         FoDC    Land Use                                                               will be designed
                                                     and Habitat      native vegetation, create
                                                     Preservation                                           during project
                                                                      educational elements for trail

CABY IRWMP │ 11-25

                                                                                                                              impacts, mitigation
                                                                                        Plant upgrades to improve effluent
        Colfax WWTP               City of Colfax       Water Quality   Water quality                                          will be designed
                                                                                                                              during project
                                                                       Water Quality,   Stabilize spillway, reduce erosion    construction-related
                                                       Environmental                    and sedimentation , improve           impacts, mitigation
        Caples Spillway Channel                        restoration
                                                                       Restoration      habitat through higher water          will be designed
                                                                       and Habitat      quality, restore habitat through      during project
                                                                       Preservation     natural succession                    environmental
                                                       Environmental   Environmental    Restore reach of creek, allowing      impacts, mitigation
        Esmeralda Creek                                restoration     Restoration
                                                       and             and Habitat
                                                                                        for natural succession to riparian    will be designed
                                                       Preservation    Preservation     communities                           during project

                                                                                        Restore lake to original size via     construction-related
                                                                       Environmental    reconstruction of impoundment,
        Finnon Lake Dam                                Water Supply    Restoration                                            impacts, mitigation
                                                       Reliability     and Habitat
                                                                                        enhance habitat values, increase      will be designed
                                                                       Preservation     recreational opportunities, improve   during project
                                                                                        upland habitat                        environmental
                                                                                        Protect areas of higher value,        Short-term
                                                                       Water Quality,   restore selected six degraded         construction-related
        Wolf Creek Parkway        Wolf Creek           Restoration                      areas using demonstration             impacts, mitigation
        Demonstration Projects    Community Alliance   and                              projects (can then be applied         will be designed
                                                                       and Habitat
                                                       Preservation                     elsewhere in watershed in similar     during project
                                                                                        situations)                           environmental

11-26 │ CHAPTER 11
                                                                             CABY                    IRWMP

                                                                                            IRWMP IMPLEMENTATION AND MANAGEMENT
                                                                             Collect data using citizen
                                                             Environmental   participants, develop BMP's based
North Fork Yuba River Fire
                                             Resource        Restoration
Ecology / Assessment         SYRCL
                                             Mapping         and Habitat
                                                                             on study results, collect water
Project                                                                      quality data and leach field
                                                                             location data                         None
                                                                             Overall focus on effects of climate
                                                                             change on wells/groundwater,
                                                                             phase 1 - data collection,
                                                                             education program aimed at well
Groundwater Response to                      Groundwater                     owners, identification of high risk
                             ECWA                            Water Supply
Climate Variation                            Management                      areas, development of
                                                                             conservation program, Phase 2 -
                                                                             long-term monitoring program
                                                                             associated with possible policy
                                                                             nad mitigation assessments            None
                                                                             Establish irrigation scheduling
Conservation and Increased                                                   program for commercial
Agricultural Water Use       EID             Agriculture     Water Quality   agriculture, already being used by
Efficiency                                                                   EID with documented water
                                                                             savings, expand to full region        None
                                                                             Base line monitoring to establish
                                                                             control of recreational use and
Upper Lakes Project          EID             Water Quality   Water Quality
                                                                             leachate from on-site waste
                                                                             disposal systems                      None
                                                             Environmental   Create collaboration between
Bridging Schools and         Nevada County   Environment     Restoration     CABY members and area schools,
Communities                  Schools         and Habitat     and Habitat     teaching students about watershed
                                                             Preservation    science                               None

CABY IRWMP │ 11-27

                                                         and do provide benefits that extend beyond
        11.6.4 Advantages of Regional over               the needs of the region.
               Individual Efforts
                                                         Importantly, the design of projects by
        The advantages of a regional effort over         diverse stakeholders will increase public
        individual efforts have already been made        acceptance as they see projects proposed by
        clear by the demonstrable increase in            agencies and organizations that have not
        collaboration amongst CABY stakeholders.         traditionally cooperated. This also fosters
        The creation of a forum for identification of    an increasing sense of plan-level altruism –
        jointly held values, mutually agreed upon        as demonstrated by some CABY partners
        goals and objectives, and project                advocating to prioritize projects developed
        development and evaluation has already           by other agencies above their own. Once
        resulted in the identification of a number of    regional needs are known and understood it
        collaborative efforts between agencies, non      becomes easier to determine the relative
        profit organizations, and area stakeholders.     importance of individual agency issues.

        The advantages of the regional approach          Finally, CABY projects have the potential
        include opportunity to share knowledge and       to serve as demonstration projects to
        expertise; access data, studies, plans and       illustrate the economic viability and
        management strategies; avoid duplicative         technical merit of innovative approaches
        efforts or overlapping projects; allow for       which can then be applied throughout the
        consolidation of costs, effort and labor;        region and the State.
        identify issues which can only be addressed
        regionally (e.g., climate change, mountain
        meadow assessments, assessment of                11.6.5    Plan Objectives and the
        abandoned mines, monitoring or multiple                    Regional Solution
        parameters on multiple rivers, and cross-
        watershed collaborations on fish passage);       As described in Chapter 8, Integrated Goals
        ability to work on point and non-point           and Objectives, the Goals and Objectives
        source pollution strategies (pollutants do       identified in the plan were developed
        not respect political boundaries); and           through a collaborative process that
        evaluation of projects from a fresh              identified the long term regional vision, key
        perspective – addressing multiple issues         regional management issues, watershed
        through multiple strategies simultaneously       management strategies, and regional
        in one project or enabling cross-                priorities. As a result, the Goals and
        jurisdictional     collaborations    (more       Objectives identified in the plan are, by
        information on this in Chapter 10, section       their very nature, regional in scope. In fact,
        10.3).                                           the expectation of the stakeholders and
                                                         Planning Committee was that the outcome
        The requirements of plan preparation have        of their efforts would be an integrated set of
        mandated a level of increased regional           Goals and Objectives responding directly to
        understanding that did not exist prior to the    regional needs and priorities. Also, as
        formation of CABY.            The on-going       shown in Table 11.1, Regional Priorities
        dialogues, regular meetings, creation of         and CABY Goals, the identified priorities
        work groups, and implementation of joint         are innately regional in nature and could not
        planning has resulted in the ability of          be addressed without a comprehensive and
        organizations to realize an economy of           collaborative regional effort.
        scale, ability of agency and non-profit
        boards to engage in policy level
        collaboration, the fostering of support          11.6.6 Interregional Benefits and Impacts
        amongst small grass-roots organizations
        who feel empowered through the                   As part of its plan preparation process,
        identification of regional priorities, and the   CABY has purposefully and systematically
        realization that implemented projects can        interacted with adjacent IRWMPs and non-

11-28 │ CHAPTER 11
                                                                                  CABY              IRWMP

                                                                   IRWMP IMPLEMENTATION AND MANAGEMENT

IRWMP planning regions. As a result, the           opportunities, and continued sustainability of
“receiving waters” of the CABY region are          regional recreational tourism that provides
not directly included in the CABY IRWMP.           local employment opportunities.
It became obvious early on that, while the
CABY region supplies water to much of the          Potential     impacts      to    disadvantaged
state, its infrastructure for water delivery is    communities of plan implementation could
primarily local in nature. The valley floor        result from short-term physical changes
entities which gather and distribute water         during plan construction such as increased
that originates in the CABY region tend to         sediment, increased traffic congestion, and
be more infrastructure intensive.                  disrupted recreational access. However, the
                                                   measures to ameliorate both short and long
Frequently, projects improving local habitat       term negative project-related impacts will be
and water quality result in increased benefits     identified through the required CEQA and
to downstream users outside of the CABY            NEPA processes.         None of the projects
region.    The benefits of CABY project            proposed in the plan would result in a long-
implementation extend far beyond Plan-             term negative impact to disadvantaged
specific boundaries.                               minority, low income, or low income
                                                   communities. If the plan is not implemented,
                                                   there is the potential for the deepening of
11.6.7 Impacts and Benefits to                     conflicts with disadvantaged communities if
       Disadvantaged Communities and               water shortages remain unaddressed, public
       Environmental Justice                       health hazards continue, and water and
                                                   recreational standards decline within the
As discussed in Chapter 3, Section 3.7, the        region. CABY stakeholders seek to remedy
CABY region includes nine communities that         these potential ills before they become acute,
are designated disadvantaged. Additionally,        through the implementation of this IRWMP.
recognizing the special status of Native
American populations, CABY has is
developing     productive   and    inclusive
relationships     with    regional     tribal

Implementation of the Plan will have
significant benefits to the Disadvantaged
Communities and on Environmental Justice
issues. As discussed in Chapter 2, the CABY
stakeholder outreach efforts and governance
structure will allow representatives to actively
participate in the development and
implementation of the IRWMP. Through this
open process potential for grant funding,
partnership and matching funds will be
available to communities that previously were
overlooked by many previous regional
planning efforts.

In addition, the current IRWMP includes
projects from disadvantaged communities,
such as the Colfax Water Wastewater
Treatment Plant Project, that will provide
direct water quality improvements in that
community and regionally. Other projects and
program elements will provide high quality
drinking water, increased recreational

CABY IRWMP │ 11-29

                                                         measurement might be “linear feet of riparian
        11.7 Plan Evaluation                             vegetation restored on the Cosumnes River”,
                                                         which would fit under the CABY
                                                         programmatic Goal 5: Protect and improve
                                                         watershed resources through land use
        11.7.1 Importance of Monitoring and              practices.
               Performance Measures

        CABY has developed a performance measure         CABY System Monitoring
        framework for use in implementing the            The primary organizing concept for CABY
        IRWMP.       The goal of the performance         System Monitoring is based on a modified
        measure program is to ensure that the results    USEPA Scientific Advisory Board (SAB)
        achieved by implementation projects are          Report. This is a simple framework for
        available to CABY managers, stakeholders,        organizing and reporting on watershed health
        and founders. The framework is also designed     at various scales. The CABY modified-SAB
        to keep CABY partners focused on the goals       framework includes a set of Essential
        of the program, progressively refine ongoing     Attributes categorizes the breadth of
        new project design, and support development      information that describes the state of the
        and justification of project budgets by          CABY system. This logical framework is
        quantifying how the system has and will          grounded in current scientific understanding.
        benefit from investments. Adherence to the       The modified SAB Framework adds socio-
        identified performance measures will promote     economic and human attributes for a broader
        improved decision making, ongoing project        and integrated description of the CABY
        modification, project transparency, inter and    region.
        intra watershed learning, accountability,
        regular and systematic reporting, and            The indicators for each of these attributes,
        monitoring of focus project outcomes.            taken together, provide a picture of the status
                                                         and trends for the region. Some of the data
                                                         collected will be part of ongoing monitoring
                                                         in the region, and other data will need to be
        11.7.2 Framework for CABY
                                                         acquired as part of CABY IRWMP
               Performance Measures
                                                         implementation. The attributes and indices
                                                         that CABY will monitor to provide this
        CABY has adopted a three-prong framework
                                                         baseline and system information are presented
        for addressing performance measure needs.
        The first level of measurement will involve
        system level monitoring in the CABY region.
                                                         Socio-Economic Condition
        For this level, CABY will identify and
                                                             Number of unemployed residents (annual
        measure system indicators that will quantify
        the existing conditions within the system.
                                                             Population living at or below the federal
                                                             poverty level
        The second level of monitoring will focus on
                                                             Vacancy rate of hotel rooms
        measuring program performance and will
        ensure that CABY is on track with
                                                         Human Use
        implementing program goals and objectives.
                                                            Population served by water that meets all
                                                            health-based standards
        Lastly, CABY will collect performance data
                                                            Percent of river/lake miles under fish
        to determine if projects are achieving the
                                                            consumption advisory
        desired results. Project level performance
                                                            Percent impervious surface
        measurements will be “rolled up” into the
                                                            Road density
        broader programmatic performance measures.
                                                         Landscape Conditions
        For a more specific example, a CABY system
                                                            Area of wetlands, lakes and ponds
        indicator might be “linear feet of riparian
                                                            Land cover change
        vegetation restored”, while a project specific

11-30 │ CHAPTER 11
                                                                                CABY             IRWMP

                                                                 IRWMP IMPLEMENTATION AND MANAGEMENT

                                                 Each project will develop a Project
Biotic/Chemical/Physical Conditions              Assessment and Evaluation Plan (PAEP) that
    Number of native species that are at risk    will include these different types of
    of extinction                                performance     measures,    targets  and
    Mercury- level in fish tissues               timeframes. PAEPs will be compatible with
    Trends in macro-invertebrate assemblages     CERES, SWAMP, and GAMA reporting
    Monitoring of TMDL parameters                requirements and formats.
    including mercury, temperature, sediment
    River miles with water temperatures that     Types of Performance Measures:
    exceed thresholds for key species                    Input performance measures -
                                                         measure process and include such
Hydrology/geomorphology/natural                          indicators such as number of
disturbance                                              meetings held, number of people
    River miles with floodplains that are                trained, etc
    inundated at natural rates                           Output performance measures -
    Suspended sediment monitoring                        measure progress and include such
    Annual area disturbed by catastrophic                indicators as number of miles of
    wildfire                                             canals lined, number of riparian
                                                         seedlings planted, number of water
                                                         audits completed, etc
Performance of the CABY Plan                             Outcome performance measures -
The plan-level performance measurements are              measure project impact and include
associated with each of the CABY goals. In               such indicators as number of
addition, CABY has also developed                        migrating fish, acre-feet of water
performance measures that focus on the                   conserved, and degree change in
administrative and coordination role that                water temperature, etc
CABY intends to play. These are presented in
Table 11.7, CABY Initial Programmatic            In the early stages of CABY implementation
Performance Measures. These performance          (1-3 years), input and output performance
measurements represent an initial set of         measures will be used to demonstrate CABY
indicators; as implementation of the plan        IRWMP implementation. As the implications
proceeds, CABY will refine this set, develop a   of the actions accumulate, system response to
full-suite of performance measures, and settle   these actions should be increasingly
on firm and quantitative targets.                detectable, and outcome indicators will be
                                                 added to show results.
These performance measures have been
developed using the following criteria:
    o Data quality - based on scientifically
        valid data collection
    o Representativeness – reflect the goals
        and objectives of the CABY IRWMP
    o Sensitivity – able to detect
        meaningful differences in conditions
    o Decision-support – supply
        information that can support

Performance Monitoring of CABY Projects
Project level performance measurements will
be stated as inputs, outputs and outcomes, and
will incorporate targets and timeframes under
which the targets are expected to be achieved.

CABY IRWMP │ 11-31

 Table 11.7. CABY Initial Programmatic Performance Measures

  Plan Implementation         $ awarded to implement CABY by source/year

                              # of CABY Planning Committee and Coordinating Committee Meetings

                              % of supported projects that help achieve three or more CABY goals

                              Level of local government involvement in ongoing watershed initiatives by

                              # of individuals educated regarding integrated, regional water
                              management planning

                              Extent and quality of new and updated GIS layers developed
  Achieve sustainable         # water meters/1,000 people
  surface and ground
  water supply                reduction in water demand due to increased conservation

                              amount of recycled water produced

                              linear feet of recycled water pipeline

                              # of new customers connected to water supply

                              # of aquifers evaluated for potential potable supply

                              # of active monitoring wells

                              capacity of water treatment plants
  Provide multiple benefits   linear feet of ditches lined
  from management of
  water resources,            linear feet of dam stabilized
  diversions and
  infrastructure              # of hydrograph changes that provide multiple benefits due to
                              management changes

                              # of management decisions that consider climate change impacts

                              # of reservoirs re-operated to provide temperature appropriate flows

                              # of infrastructure improvements
  Reduce impacts from         # of acres under fuel reduction practices
  catastrophic fire
  Protect infrastructure,     Acres of floodplain wetlands restored
  equipment, and property
  from flooding               # of properties protected from flooding

                              acres of stormwater infiltration area
  Protect and improve         # of acres under sustainable agricultural practices
  watershed resources
  through land use            # of property owners that implement BMPs
                              # of stormwater BMPs implemented

11-32 │ CHAPTER 11
                                                                                          CABY              IRWMP

                                                                          IRWMP IMPLEMENTATION AND MANAGEMENT

                             Stormwater runoff quality

                             linear feet of riparian corridor restored

                             # of community and regional storm water management plans developed
                             and implemented
Manage sediment for          Linear feet of bank erosion repaired
water resources,
infrastructure and           Linear feet of roads/trails stabilized or decommissioned
habitat value
                             Linear feet of new trail constructed
Reduce mercury               % of fish tissue with elevated levels of mercury
contamination in
Reduce contamination of      # of TMDLs implemented
surface and ground
water resources              # of wastewater discharge facilities that regain NPEDS permit compliance

                             length of 303(d) listed stream enhanced
Protect and improve          % of watersheds and subwatersheds with completed assessments and
fisheries and aquatic        plans
biota through water
resources management.        miles of stream with restoration projects

                             # of fish passage barriers removed

                             # of fish successfully migrating to ancestral headwaters

                             # of BMI (benthic macroinvertebrate) population survey events

    11.7.3 CABY Assessment Process and                   and the important factors and stressors that
    Adaptive Management                                  influence them. In many cases there will not
                                                         be unanimity of opinion regarding the
    CABY proposes to use an adaptive                     attributes and linkages in the conceptual
    management approach to implementing the              models. However, the point of preparing and
    IRWMP. Adaptive management involves                  presenting these conceptual models is to begin
    designing and executing actions, monitoring          the discussion of the attributes, functions, and
    and assessing the responses of the system to         linkages described by the models; to enhance
    these actions, and thereby learning how              communication,         collaboration,        and
    actions affect the system. In the event that         understanding     amongst      a     range    of
    monitoring data demonstrates that CABY               stakeholders; to eliminate options that are
    actions are not meeting CABY goals and               unlikely to do much good; convey why certain
    objectives, these actions will be adapted or         management actions are expected to produce
    changed over time.                                   desirable effects; to formulate specific
                                                         questions and hypotheses to inform
    The process of adaptive management and the           management actions and monitoring; and to
    development of indicators begins with                identify knowledge gaps.
    confirming the major issues driving the
    system. Using existing knowledge, CABY
    will identify and describe key regional
    watershed attributes as they relate to CABY
    goals and objectives, their interrelatedness,

     CABY IRWMP │ 11-33

                                                           One of the first steps implementation actions
        11.7.4. Responsibilities and                       will be to conduct a data gaps analysis. Based
                Mechanisms for Adapting Plan               on this analysis, CABY will establish
                Implementation                             permanent monitoring stations in the four
                                                           watersheds to augment the existing data
        CABY has developed specific mechanisms to          collection efforts. These sites will record data
        ensure that data colleted as part of the           that can be used for long-term water quality
        performance measure process will be                and flow trend detection. The goal of this
        integrated into plan, program, and project-        monitoring program is to provide a broad and
        level decision making. Table 11.8, CABY            accurate view of the water quality and flows
        IRWMP         Assessment       Responsibilities,   in the CABY region.
        describes these assessment responsibilities.
        Additionally, every five years, CABY will          The main mechanism for data dissemination
        contract for an independent performance audit      will include an on-line CABY Assessment
        from an outside entity to be selected through a    Database that will be updated annually with
        competitive bid process.                           system and performance measures data and
                                                           information. It is envisioned that this will be
        Data Sources, Use and Dissemination                an internet- and map-based application web
        Sharing environmental and water-related            portal, allowing CABY members and
        information is a major component of the            stakeholders access to this data. It is also
        CABY IRWMP. Integrating historic and               anticipated that the CABY system would be
        current watershed information will enable          compatible with the developing DWR system,
        more efficient actions, help track IRWMP           IRIS.
        implementation, increase decision-making
        transparency, reduce the cost of data              CABY will also coordinate with state and
        collection, and avoid duplication of effort. The   federal monitoring efforts, including the
        CABY DMS and web portal are discussed in           Surface Water Ambient Monitoring Program
        Chapter 9; these will be instrumental in           (SWAMP), the Groundwater Ambient
        assisting CABY in aggregating, managing,           Monitoring Assessment (GAMA), and the
        distributing and presenting data for the CABY      California      Environmental          Resource
        Region.                                            Evaluation System (CERES). CABY data
                                                           will be supplied in a format that is compatible
        Measurements and data collected for                with these databases, and will include proper
        performance measures and indices outlined          quality control and assurances and will
        above will come from four major sources:           provide data back to these systems in formats
             • direct measurements undertaken by           compatible with state requirements.
             • measurements taken by projects
                supported by CABY;
             • data collected by local, state and
                federal agencies and water districts;
             • data collected by watershed groups,
                cities, counties, and universities.

        CABY staff and implementing parties will
        undertake the gathering and analysis of the
        various data sets and will manage the data in
        the proposed CABY DMS and web portal.

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                                                                              CABY             IRWMP

                                                                 IRWMP IMPLEMENTATION AND MANAGEMENT

Responsible Party        Reporting/Assessment Task                Frequency
Project Proponent        If funded, project proponents will be    Quarterly
                         required to develop a PAEP, and
                         monitor and report on project status
                         and progress towards achieving stated
                         goals and objectives using approved
                         output and outcome performance
CABY Staff               Collect and compile project              Quarterly
                         performance information from project
                         proponents, conduct site visits, and
                         report on status of projects
CABY Staff               Collect, analyze and report on           Annually
                         baseline data and trends
CABY Staff               Monitor and report on CABY               Quarterly
                         Program Status and Progress

CABY Coordinating        Assess CABY Performance in               Annually
Committee                contributing to CABY goals,
                         objectives, and vision and report to
                         CABY Planning Committee
CABY Planning            If necessary, adjust CABY IRWMP          Annually

 Table 11.8. CABY IRWMP Assessment Responsibilities

CABY IRWMP │ 11-35

        11.7.5 Quality Assurance
                                                           Also, CABY will produce a State of the
        CABY will implement quality assurance              CABY Report every five years that will
        approaches on a range of scales. On a project      include status and trends from the baseline
        level CABY will ensure that projects that          and ongoing monitoring, and an aggregation
        involve data collection, analysis, and reporting   of indicators into an evaluation and reporting
        will be done under a Quality Assurance             index similar to the scorecard method of
        Program Plan (QAPP) with an associated             reporting used in the Chesapeake Bay and
        Technical Advisory Committee (TAC). In             elsewhere.
        addition, all data that is collected will be in
        accordance with California’s Surface Water
        Ambient Monitoring Program (SWAMP),
        Groundwater Ambient Monitoring and
        Assessment      (GAMA),       and     California   11.9     Financing
        Environmental Resources Evaluation System
        (CERES) guidelines.
                                                           11.9.1 Implementation Funding Overview
        As described above, all CABY projects will                and Context
        develop PAEPs and report performance
        measurement data on a quarterly basis. CABY        Developing reliable funding sources for the
        staff will engage in project implementation        CABY projects will be a fundamental
        oversight through annual site visits to all        challenge to the group, as it will be for all of
        CABY projects, review of progress reports.         the regional IRWM Plans.
        In addition, every five years, CABY will           In the case of water agencies, there are a
        commit to an outside review of progress            variety of factors that can influence their
        towards implementing the IRWMP. This               ability to finance projects, ranging from the
        objective assessment will be invaluable in         steady increase of construction costs to the on-
        keeping the region on track to successfully        going need to maintain and replace aging
        reach stated goals and objectives. As part of      infrastructure. For non-profit organizations
        this assessment, there will be a review of the     the ability to raise general support funds to
        efficacy of the performance measurements           keep their operations going is notoriously
        process.                                           difficult, and project-specific funds are often
                                                           tightly restricted, making the use of such
                                                           funds for any uses not explicitly included in a
                                                           grant application impossible.

        11.8 Reporting                                     Nonetheless, the CABY members have
                                                           already demonstrated a firm commitment to
                                                           see the organization succeed and its projects
        As described above, the performance                funded. The four water agencies that are on
        measures will be used to communicate and           the Planning Committee and Coordinating
        report to the public and to policy and decision    Committee have made a three-year
        makers. A CABY Annual Report will include          commitment to fund the CABY organization.
        a description of the performance monitoring
        undertaken during the reporting period, an         This long-term commitment means that the
        analysis of the monitoring results, and            CABY staff can focus on developing funding
        progress towards meeting goals and objectives      sources for projects without having to “raise
        based on output and outcome indicators. The        their salaries;’ at the same time. Additionally,
        CABY DMS will be used to help staff                CABY members have agreed that the
        generate annual reports, project reports and       expertise encompassed in the CABY
        other information products for the community       membership will be provided to each CABY
        affairs efforts.                                   project via a CABY task allocation. This
        .                                                  allocation is not a fee for overhead but is,

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                                                                                    CABY              IRWMP

                                                                    IRWMP IMPLEMENTATION AND MANAGEMENT

rather, a fee for service. CABY has developed      State of California Funds - Proposition 50
a list of project support functions that will      (Chapters 6& 8), Proposition 84 (this
generate direct benefit to the project             legislation has 9 separate possible sources of
proponents, ensure consistency of project          revenues many of which are applicable to the
implementation across the watershed and also       CABY region or CABY issues and priorities),
enable non-profits which cannot generally          Proposition 1E, Sierra Nevada Conservancy
contribute funds to instead contribute in kind     grants, State Water Resources Control Board
services and support.                              watershed grants, Department of Health
                                                   Services grants.

11.9.2 Beneficiaries of CABY Projects              Federal Funds (via both legislatively
                                                   mandated and agency grant programs): Water
The benefits that will derive from CABY            Resources Development Act, Bureau of
projects are derived from and linked to the        Reclamation, Field Conservation Grants,
Goals and Objectives established in Chapter 8.     Natural Resource Conservation Service ,
The region has already benefited form the          National     Ocean     and    Atmospheric
high degree of collaboration that preparation      Administration, Army Corps of Engineers,
of the plan has engendered. Agencies and           and      the    Environmental    Protection
organizations are, though the Coordinating         Administration,
Committee, meeting monthly to discuss issues
and to develop projects of mutual design and       Local funds: FERC power revenue, fees,
benefit.      Additionally, the Planning           water rates, municipal bonds, augmentation
Committee meets quarterly to work on region        charges, loans, fee cost sharing, NGO in-kind,
wide issues of concern and to continue to the      etc.    Additional possible sources might
ongoing development of multi-stakeholder,          include: development fees, user fees, user rate,
multi-objective projects and programs. These       and bond debt financing.
on-going planning efforts will directly benefit
the region through the development of              If    CABY      forms  a    Joint  Powers
projects that are responsive to regional           Agreement/Authority (JPA) it will be
priorities and sensitive to the evolving           empowered to use any of the aforementioned
knowledge of the watershed as project              local funding options.
performance monitoring results become
                                                   11.9.4 Foundation Grants
The beneficiaries of CABY projects are many
and varied – residents of the project areas,       If CABY goes the route of a 501(c)(3), non-
residents of the region, the over millions of      profit organization, then in addition to many
tourists who visit the region yearly, the          of the sources outlined above, it will also be
agricultural    community,       the   business    able to pursue grants funds through
community, federal and state agencies and the      philanthropic     organizations.        While
water agencies which will experience               competition for such funds is very keen,
increased reliability of water supply and          CABY may be able to serve as a funding
quality, beneficial uses, other public agencies    partner with several of its member groups to
empowered to implement state plans and the         solicit joint funding opportunities.       The
future residents of the region are all direct or   diversity and high value of the CABY region
indirect beneficiaries of the plan.                resources also makes it a candidate for major
                                                   donor funding. It will take careful planning
                                                   and coordination to avoid unnecessary
11.9.3 Government Funding Sources                  competition for these scarce but powerful
                                                   funding sources within the region. CABY
Current funding sources that are being             members have already begun a dialogue about
pursued by CABY to fund projects include:          such funding, discussing the benefits and
                                                   detractants of forming a regional non-profit

CABY IRWMP │ 11-37

        11.9.5       Funding for Operation and             finalization of the Regional Entity
                     Maintenance                           governance structure (Fall, 2007);
                                                           preparation for the Prop 84 grant
        At this point, many of the CABY projects do        cycle;
        not involve the installation of infrastructure     prioritization of issues on a
        that will require significant operation and        watershed-by-watershed basis;
        maintenance funding. In fact, of the twenty-       development of a program-based
        five CABY prioritized projects, only three         project organization structure;
        involve the installation of infrastructure that    developing a diversified fundraising
        would require on-going O&M. In all cases,          plan to include local funding sources;
        the entities which have proposed the projects      additional stakeholder outreach to
        have already factored long-term O&M into           land use agencies, the business
        their instructional budgets.                       community, power generators;
                                                           continued outreach to tribal
        The nine projects involving in-stream or near-     communities; and
        stream improvements or habitat restoration         continued advances in addressing
        activities will experience some short-term         issues of Environmental Justice.
        monitoring expense (for ongoing monitoring
        of performance measures and project
        stability/function). In these cases, the expense
        of monitoring or post construction inspections
        is already included in the project cost

        11.9.6 Project-specific Budgets

        Project-specific budgets are presented in
        Table 11.2, Recommended list of Prioritized
        Project, by Tier, and are also listed in
        individual project descriptions, in section

        Table 10.1, Summary Budget, provides an
        overview of total project budgets with total
        project matches. This table illustrates the
        overall projects costs, the portion of the
        project costs that is being considered for Prop
        50 funding and the match made available by
        local/regional entities. CABY projects
        currently total $80,639,337.00 with a match of
        $24,615,556.00. CABY is seeking a total of
        $56,003,781.00 in grant funding for all of its
        projects. The CABY match thus totals 31%.

        11.10 Next Steps

        CABY has identified a number of “next steps”
        that will need to be undertaken to speed or
        facilitate plan implementation. These include:

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                               CABY                IRWMP


CABY IRWMP │ 11-39

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