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					Advocacy

                         Bob Buckley
            Autism Aspergers Advocacy Australia (A4)




24/3/2004                  www.a4.org.au
The autism spectrum …




24/3/2004   www.a4.org.au
What is advocacy?
from Advocate meaning …
• verb
     – Push for something
     – Speak, plead, or argue in favour of
• Noun
     –…
     – lawyer who pleads cases in court
… focus on success …
24/3/2004             www.a4.org.au
Types of advocacy
• Systemic advocacy
     – relates to service & support systems
• Individual advocacy
     – meeting an individual’s needs
• Self advocacy
     – without anyone helping


24/3/2004             www.a4.org.au
Advocacy: JFDI … just do it




 “what you achieve will surprise you”
24/3/2004        www.a4.org.au
Successful advocacy
• Get what your client needs/wants
     – get the services and resources required
     – effective negotiation
• Strategies for success
     –      Ask those who can decide
     –      Make them want to help
     –      Pathetic and deserving
     –      Persistent and flexible

24/3/2004                 www.a4.org.au
Negotiate goals first
• Goal describes an outcome
     – How is goal/outcome achieved? Yes/No
     – … progress towards the goal? Yes/No
     – … how much progress?
• Written agreement on goals
     – Minutes or notes of meetings (signed!)
            or confirm by letter or email (paper copy)
     – Keep your own records/paper-trail

24/3/2004                    www.a4.org.au
Strategies and methods
How to achieve agreed goals
• Treatment/teaching methods
     complete or partial implementation?
• Services and resources
     Who delivers the service needed?
     What else do they need to do the job?
• Setting for service delivery
• Measures of outcomes
24/3/2004             www.a4.org.au
In negotiation
Do …                        Don’t …
• Listen                    • Whinge or complain
• Be polite, flexible       • Argue and criticise
  and reasonable            • Be sarcastic, rude or
                              aggressive
• Be factual & truthful
                            • Talk too much
• Remember the goals
                            • Use absolutes
  and priorities
                            • Threaten legal
• Say thanks                  action
24/3/2004           www.a4.org.au
Advanced negotiation
Make them want to help you
     Help them decide in your favour
• Always refer to the client/child
• Help them to find a solution
• Let them own their solution
• Avoid unnecessary problems
• Accept any offer of service
24/3/2004            www.a4.org.au
Barriers
… block goals; prevent or inhibit access to
  services and resources
• Identify barriers
     People, policies, perceptions, resources, …
• Strategies for barriers
     – Avoid or ignore
     – Eliminate or overcome

24/3/2004             www.a4.org.au
Advocacy in schools
Barrier: recognise gap between what is
  achieved and what is possible.
• Keep/make the school your ally
• Know your child’s classroom
• Bring resources to your classroom
• Expect to be surprised


24/3/2004        www.a4.org.au
24/3/2004   www.a4.org.au
Role for Individual’s Advocate

Advocate on behalf of an individual
• client’s agenda; not advocate’s agenda
• specific & agreed goals, no assumptions
• take a client’s own words if possible
• know your client’s rights
• avoid client confusion
24/3/2004        www.a4.org.au
Advocacy process
• Decide goal(s)
• Identify barriers
• Prioritise strategies
• Flexible plans
• Implementation
• Follow-up

24/3/2004          www.a4.org.au
… over to you!




24/3/2004    www.a4.org.au

				
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