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					                                                                              October-December 2010

             A Publication of the Connecticut Chapter of the American Planning Association


Canal Trail Is A Path                    President’s Message ............................................2
                                         Regional Permitting System Launched.................5
To The Future page 8                     Fiscal Realities Cloud a Rosy Outlook ..................10
                                         Hartford: A Suburban City? ................................12
                                         Lawns, Turf Grass and the Built Environment .....18
                                         The Chrysalis Center ..........................................21
                                         Planner Profile: Steven J. Brown ........................23
         Connecticut Chapter of APA –               PRESIDENT’S MESSAGE
         Officers & Directors
                                                    It’s my inaugural message — so much pressure, where do I begin?…
          Jason A. Vincent, AICP
          Mary F. Savage-Dunham, AICP
                                                    F    irst, I will stop daydreaming, get off Facebook and thank the
                                                         people who have supported me to this point. I guess this is the
                                                    best place to start. I truly appreciate that my peers thought enough of
            Secretary                               my abilities to support me in this endeavor. Your support has been a
          Robert A. Phillips, AICP                  blessing and I appreciate it.
            Treasurer                                    Next, I would like to outline initiatives I propose as CCAPA
          Donald J. Poland, AICP                    President. I like a challenge, so here
            Immediate Past President                is what I propose to accomplish
                                                    during my presidency:
                                                                                                 Who is Jason Vincent, AICP?
          Marcia A. Banach, AICP
            Member at Large
          Christopher J. Smith, Esq.
                                                      • Update/Implement the
                                                          Strategic Plan;                                         J
                                                                                                    ason Vincent is currently Vice President
                                                                                                    of Planimetrics in Avon, CT. Born in
                                                                                                 Plainfield, Jason is a graduate of Central
            Member at Large                           • Retain/Expand Membership; and            Connecticut State University and holds
          Khara Dodds, AICP                           • Expand/Optimize Membership               Bachelor’s Degree in Geography with a
            Member at Large                               Contributions                          Specialization in Planning. After complet-
          Daniel A. Tuba                                                                         ing his undergraduate work, Jason worked
                                                    Update / Implement the Strategic Plan        as the town planner for the Town of
            Member at Large
                                                         In 2002, the Chapter adopted a          Plainfield from 1996-2002. While working
          Neil S. Pade, AICP                        Strategic Plan. This document has set        for Plainfield, he became the Department
            Member at Large                         the foundation for many of the pro-          Head of the Planning and Engineering
          Christopher S. Wood, AICP                 grams and activities that the Chapter        Department and was engaged in land-use
            Committee Chair, Government Relations   has accomplished over the past eight         enforcement and grant administration.
          Alan L. Weiner, AICP                      years. As with any planning process, it          Jason left Plainfield in 2002 to work
            Committee Chair, Membership Services    is important to revisit this Plan to as-     for the Town of Stonington as a planner,
                                                    sess whether the goals and strategies        and was promoted to the Director of Plan-
          Emily J. Moos, AICP                       are still appropriate and to gauge our
            Committee Chair, Publicity &                                                         ning position within a year. As Director he
                                                    progress in implementing the Plan.           worked on the Plan of Conservation and
            Communications/CT Planning Magazine
                                                         I need your help during this            Development, updates to the Zoning Reg-
          John D. Pagini, AICP                      process. What do you think of our            ulations, and he created the Zoning Map
            Committee Chair, Professional           strategic plan (           Atlas. He was also involved in improving
            Development Officer                       ccapa_strategic_plan.pdf)?                   the permit process.
          Patrice L, Carson, AICP                                                                    Since 2004, Jason became more active
            Committee Chair, Program                Retain / Expand Membership                   in Chapter activities and was appointed to
                                                         CCAPA has had about 400 mem-            the Executive Committee, where he served
         For contact information, visit             bers for several years. I would like to      as the Communication Chair and as an                    see our membership increase, though          at-large member.
         executive.htm                                                  (continued on page 4)

                                                    CONNECTICUT PLANNING
                                                    is published quarterly by the Connecticut Chapter of the American Planning Association. Contributions
                                                    are encouraged. Submissions should be submitted via email or CD-ROM, and must include the name and
                                                    contact information of the contributor. Material may be edited to conform to space or style requirements.
                                                    Please address submissions to Executive Editor Emily Moos (see contact information below).
                                                       Executive Editor:                                    Layout/Advertising:
                                                       Emily J. Moos, AICP                                  Jeffrey H. Mills
                                                       Capital Region COG                                   J.M. Communications
                                                       241 Main Street, Hartford, CT 06106                  125 South St., Ste. 281, Vernon, CT 06066
                                                       Ph: (860) 522-2217; Fax: (860) 724-1274              Ph: (860) 454-8922; Fax: (801) 996-5525

Page 2
 FROM THE PAST PRESIDENT                      newest and younger planners that joined
                                              our Executive Committee. Their energy
Dear CCAPA Members:                           and enthusiasm are reflected in our pub-
                                              lications and programs. I personally want

I  write this presidents
   message as I sit in
my hotel room in Lon-
                                              to thank Emily Moos for her leadership,
                                              vision, and efforts with the Chapter
                                              newsletter, now our Connecticut Planning
                                                                                                 It has been my
don and I am already                          magazine. The content of this publica-             honor to work with
past-president. It has                        tion has improved greatly with topical             Jason on a number
been a great honor for                        articles on planning. I also want to thank
me to serve as president of CCAPA for         Khara Dodds for her continued efforts to           of CCAPA projects
the past three years. Our Chapter has         organize our young planners networking             over the past few
come a long way over the past 10-plus         events. These events have been a great
years with the leadership of Dan Tuba         success and I am confident they will only           years and I am
and Mark Pellegrini before me. During         get better. Last, I want to thank all of the       always impressed
this time, we have greatly improved our       members of the Executive Committee and
membership numbers, our revenues, and         the subcommittee members for their tire-
                                                                                                 by his efforts and
the quality of our member services. The       less efforts that go on behind the scene,          perspectives. I am
most notable of these improvements has        but are what make the Chapter work.
been our educational programs. Our                 I also want to congratulate Jason
                                                                                                 confident that Jason
June Hot Topics program has grown             Vincent, our new Chapter president. I              will be a great leader
and improved by leaps and bounds and          have known Jason for many years, going             for the Chapter and
the Southern New England Confer-              all the way back to our education in the
ence, held last year in Connecticut, set      Geography Department at Central Con-               I look forward to
another attendance record. In addition,       necticut State University. It has been my          continuing to work
CCAPA has been a leader among APA             honor to work with Jason on a number
Chapter in the implementation of the          of CCAPA projects over the past few                with him during his
AICP CM program. However, I cannot            years and I am always impressed by his             term and to support
take credit for all of this. The success of   efforts and perspectives. I am confident
the Chapter has been a collective effort      that Jason will be a great leader for the          his efforts.
of the CCAPA Executive Committee and          Chapter and I look forward to continu-
our subcommittee members — these are          ing to work with him during his term
the people who do all the heavy lifting in    and to support his efforts.
these efforts.                                     And finally, I want to thank you, the
     While I did not achieve all that I       members of CCAPA. It has been a great
had hoped to in my three-year term, I         pleasure to meet so many of you, to learn
believe that I was able to build upon the     about the work you do, and to see how
efforts of the presidents before me and       dedicated you are to the profession of
continued to move the Chapter forward.        planning. Thank you!
If there is one thing that I can reflect on
as a success during my term, it is the               — Donald J. Poland, AICP

                                                                                                    Is your Plan
                                                                                                    putting people
                                                                                                    to sleep?

                                                                                                    Call us.
                                                                                                    We can help.

                                                                         31 Ensign Drive   Avon, CT 06001   860-677-5267

                                                                                                                     Page 3
         President’s Message, cont’d
         not just for the sake of having bigger numbers. I
         want to expand our membership by improving the
         value of CCAPA and planning in Connecticut. It
         is my goal to make CCAPA an organization that
         more people want to belong to, and since we are
         an inclusive organization, feel like they belong.
             I am open to your suggestions on how CCAPA
         can provide value to the members.

         Expand / Optimize Membership Contributions
              There is always room for more participation by
         our members. I want to see more of our members
         participating in the Chapter, from attendance at
         programs, speaking at conferences, or as members
         of committees that are working to make planning
         relevant in Connecticut. I need to hear from you
         — how do we make this happen?
              If you see me coming towards you, hide! If
         you have not taken evasive action, you will most
         likely be asked to participate.
              Thanks again for this opportunity.
                     — Jason A. Vincent, AICP

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            72 Cedar Street
            Hartford, Connecticut 06106
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Page 4
Regional Permitting System Includes Planning and
Zoning Application Tracking/Approval
by Peter Sullivan

T    he Regional Permitting System
     launched on July 1 of this year in-
cludes powerful planning and zoning ap-
                                              delivered permit entry, plan review and
                                              inspection panels will be tailored to fit the
                                              P&Z cycle of: initial application submittal;    For Building
plication tracking functionality that will    followed by staff review and notification
be live in 2011! The first of its kind in      to regional planning agencies; followed         Department
Connecticut, the Regional Online Permit-      by Public Hearings and Final Plans sub-         employees, the
ting System has been a pilot project for      missions; followed by recording of plans
nine towns partially supported by funds       and compliance monitoring. The intent           current system
from the state’s Regional Performance         is that ViewPermit will become the elec-        gives them one
Incentive Program (RPIP) grant to the         tronic repository for all documentation,
Capitol Region Council of Governments.        deliberations and decisions related to zon-     place to record
    For Building Department employees,        ing variances, special exception permits,       their plan review
the current system gives them one place       wetlands permits, and similar community
to record their plan review comments, en-     development applications.
                                                                                              comments, enter
ter approvals, schedule inspections, docu-         For applicants, the system provides        approvals, schedule
ment results, and issue permits and Cer-      online capabilities to apply and pay for per-
tificates of Occupation. The system also       mits online, plus the ability to view their
comes with robust reporting capabilities,     application approval or permit completion       document results,
allows GIS views of property showing          status online, and request inspections.         and issue permits
wetlands and historic areas, verifies con-          Look for the debut of the “back-of-
tractor license data against state-provided   fice” Community Development permits              and Certificates of
information, and accepts plans and photos     module in January of 2011, and online           Occupation.
as attachments.                               functionality later in the year. A quick
    For Planning and Zoning and Inland        look at functions and features to expect:
Wetlands/ Engineering employees, the                                 (continued on page 6)

                                                                                                              Page 5
The online permit-                                     Permits, cont’d
ting system will save                                  Online System Features
Connecticut busi-                                              • Regional Home Page for Towns
nesses and residents                                             Selection
a significant amount                                            • Town pages for registration/sign-in
of time and money,                                             • Wizards to guide entry of applica-
avoid wasted trips to                                            tion data

town hall, and allow                                           • Ability to attach plans and photos

municipal staff to                                              • Online fee calculation and payment
                                                                 via PayPal                                                   • Automatic and manual assignment
operate more ef-                                                                                                                of reviewers
                                                               • System-generated receipts
ficiently,” said Mayor                                                                                                         • Capture of reviewers comments,
                                                               • On-line checking of review status
Melody Currey, Chair                                                                                                            approvals
of CRCOG and Mayor                                     Back-Office Application Functions                                        • Notifications to outsiders like
of East Hartford, one                                          • Mark online submissions as                                     CRCOG & DEP
of nine Connecticut                                                                                                           • Notifications to abutters
towns participating                                            • Emails to applicants re: missing re-                         • Schedule & Document Hearing
                                                                 quirements                                                     Results
in the program.
                                                               • Application entry from existing                              • Archive electronic copies of final
                                                                 forms                                                          documents

                                                                                                                                The nine towns participating in the
                       Conveyancing                    Financing                                Environmental Compliance   first phase of this program are: Bolton,
   Due Diligence                          Leasing                         Land Use Permitting                              Coventry, East Hartford, Glastonbury,
                                                                                                                           Manchester, Newington, Simsbury,
                                                                                                                           Tolland, and Wethersfield. The cities of
                                                                                                                           New Haven and Milford have also joined
                                                                                                                           the program. CRCOG is currently organiz-
                                                                                                                           ing future “waves” of participating commu-
                                                                                                                           nities, so those with interest are encouraged
                                                                                                                           to contact: Jennifer March-Wackers, Mu-
                                                                                                                           nicipal Services Manager; jwackers@crcog.
   Special Districts              Mixed Use Developments                       Dispute Resolution         Green Building
                                                                                                                           org; (860) 522-2217, ext. 239.
                       Real Estate Litigation                     Condominium and Construction Documents
                                                                                                                                Participation requires entry into the
                                                                                                                           CRCOG Purchasing Council program.
   ground rules - any set of rules adapted to                                                                              Contact Jennifer to arrange a demonstra-
                                                                                                                           tion of the software at or near your com-
   playing conditions in a specific location.                                                                               munity today!

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Page 6
Future National Conference                                      LAW OFFICES OF

Calendar                                                        Branse, Willis & Knapp,                                     LLC

It’s never too early to plan to attend a future APA
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    2011 Boston – April 9-13
    2012 Los Angeles
    2013 Chicago
                                                                         Zoning & Inland Wetlands
                                                                     Commercial & Residential Real Estate
                                                                       Business Law • Municipal Law
                                                                              Wills & Probate

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                                                                       ERIC KNAPP • RONALD F. OCHSNER
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                                                                                Glastonbury, CT 06033
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            Y O U R S O L U T I O N S S TA RT H E R E

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                                                                                                                                 Page 7
I urge you to walk or
bike the Farmington       Canal Trail Is A Path To The Future
Canal Trail. You will     by Sandra M. Fry
see how it creates

a new way to see              have glimpsed the future, and it is a   the most part, we rode peacefully along
                              10-foot-wide ribbon of asphalt mak-     the route of the Farmington Canal, at
and experience a              ing its way from New Haven north-       the gentle grades that you expect from a
community. Then           ward to the Massachusetts border.           former canal and railroad line, experienc-
dream — dream of              On a recent Sunday, I joined a group    ing the scenery of the passing landscape
                          of 35 bicyclists who hopped on their bi-    — urban, suburban and rural.
a time when all the       cycles at the Yale University School of          It was compelling to ride and to un-
communities of our        Engineering and followed the Farmington     derstand the transformative power of a
                          Canal Heritage Greenway to Simsbury.        trail wending its way through a commu-
region are linked not     There were gaps — incomplete sections       nity and linking communities. We saw
just by roads, but also   — in the trail, so we jumped off occa-      trail users of all sizes and ages, from the
                          sionally onto local roads, with some hill   very young to the very old, from the fit
by pathways like this.    climbs and jockeying with traffic. But for   to those trying out new exercise regimes.
                                                                      We saw trail users on bikes, scooters, roll-
                                                                      erblades and on foot. Occasionally we had
                                                                      to slow down because so many people
                                                                      were on the trail.
                                                                           Communities are energized by this
                                                                      new way to enjoy the outdoors. Businesses
                                                                      — a couple of stores and restaurants so
                                                                      far — have begun to market to the trail,
                                                                      drawing customers in the back door as
                                                                      well as the front. Developers have taken
                                                                      notice and have plans to transform old
                                                                      industrial sites to residential communities,
                                                                      allowing residents easy access to the trail.
                                                                           The thoughts that kept going through
                                                                      my head as we rode along were: “When
                                                                      more people experience this, more people
                                                                      will demand a path near their homes,”
                                                                      and “Every community needs one (or
                                                                      more) of these.”
                                                                           The Farmington Canal Trail is a part
                                                                      of the East Coast Greenway (www.gre-
                                                            , a pathway that will connect
                                                                      cities along the East Coast from Calais,
                                                                      Maine, to Key West, FL. In the Hartford
                                                                      region, the Greenway will begin on the
                                                                      Hop River Trail in Andover and travel
                                                                      through Bolton, meet the Charter Oak
                                                                      Greenway in Manchester and East Hart-
                                                                      ford, connect to the riverfront trails, pro-
                                                                      ceed through Hartford and Bloomfield
                                                                      and go through the gap in the ridge at
                                                                      Tariffville to connect to the canal trail.
 Photo: Lia Huang

                                                                           Much of the route needs to be final-
                                                                      ized and designed, but join me in imag-
                                                                      ining the possibilities of a trail that links
                                                                      our region from one end to the other:
                                                                                               (continued on page 9)
Page 8
Canal Trail, cont’d                                                                                                      It was compelling
                                                                                                                         to ride and to
A regular stream
of bicycle tourists                                                                                                      understand the
riding through                                                                                                           transformative power
Hartford as part of
a longer journey,                                                                                                        of a trail wending
perhaps from Bos-                                                                                                        its way through a

                                                                                    Photo (including cover): Sandy Fry
ton to New York
City; a trail system                                                                                                     community and
that is an integral                                                                                                      linking communities.
part of the fabric
of our communi-
ties — kids biking
to school, adults
biking to work,
and families out
for daily walks; the
trail as an economic driver encouraging     with your community and encourage the
new investment in communities.              completion of trails that have been started
     I urge you to walk or bike the Farm-   or planned. Your town deserves a trail;
ington Canal Trail. You will see how it     you deserve a trail.
creates a new way to see and experience
a community. Then dream — dream of          Sandra M. Fry is principal transportation
a time when all the communities of our      planner with the Capitol Region Council of
region are linked not just by roads, but    Governments. This article first appeared in
also by pathways like this. Get involved    The Hartford Courant’s Place Section.


                                                                                                                                           Page 99
Editor’s note: This
article first appeared   Fiscal Realities Cloud a Rosy Outlook for
in Spotlight on the
Region, a publication   Connecticut
of the Regional Plan    by Amanda Kennedy, Regional Plan Association

                        C     onnecticut residents have finally
                              caught up on their sleep after our
                        extended cliff-hanger of a gubernatorial
                                                                         and high-speed rail. He also believes
                                                                         that high-speed rail funds should only be
                                                                         spent where they will have the most im-
                        election. Now that we’ve finally got a            pact, such as upgrading rail service in our
                        governor-elect, it’s time to reflect on what      own Northeast Corridor. Some existing
With all these good     this and other personnel shifts mean for         high-speed rail funds may be re-allocated
                        the state’s growth prospects.                    because governors-elect in Wisconsin and
people in place, it’s        Changes at the state and federal level,     Ohio, who ran on anti-high-speed rail
hard to believe that    many of them part of the red tide sweep-         platforms, are poised to reject nearly a bil-
                        ing the country, will complicate efforts to      lion dollars of federal money that would
Malloy, Sharkey,        grow our state’s economy while meeting           have supported high-speed rail projects in
and other members       environmental and social goals.                           their states. The Northeast could
of the legislature           Despite the recession and                                benefit from this newly-avail-
                        a looming fiscal crisis, 2010                                      able money and from Mi-
might be so             promised good things for                                          ca’s focus on key corridors.
overwhelmed with        Connecticut’s future. High                                            Connecticut had only
                        profile development projects                                       one change in its repre-
solving our funding     in Stamford and New Haven                                         sentation at the federal
crisis that attention   brought in new residents and                                      level, but it’s a big one.
                        businesses. Connecticut won          The election of Malloy Connecticut Attorney Gen-
turns away from         federal funding for the New
                                                            to the governor’s office eral Richard Blumenthal
transit and TOD. But,   Haven-Springfield Commuter                                         takes over for the retiring
                                                            bodes well for policies Sen. Chris Dodd, who as
                        Rail, smart growth projects in
as Rahm Emanuel         New Haven and Bridgeport, encouraging smart growth. Chairman of the Senate
has famously said,      and transit-oriented develop-                                     Committee on Banking,
                        ment planning along the Metro North              Housing, and Urban Affairs has been a
“Never allow a crisis   and New Haven-Springfield corridors.              major proponent of the recent partnership
to go to waste.”        But progress could be stalled in 2011 by         uniting policies and projects under HUD,
                        debate in Washington over a new trans-           DOT, and EPA. Blumenthal made a name
                        portation bill and local preoccupation with      for himself as a consumer advocate in
                        Connecticut’s $3.4 billion budget deficit.        his twenty years as Attorney General and
                             Funding for other major infrastruc-         has campaigned on a green energy, pro-
                        ture projects that are down the line - such      environment platform that emphasizes
                        as rebuilding the Hartford viaduct or pre-       improving air and water quality. He’s said
                        paring Stamford’s main transit station for       he’s interested in assignments with the
                        the expected growth in ridership -- hinges       Judiciary, Commerce, or Veterans’ Affairs
                        on Congress passing a new transportation         Committees, but wherever he ends up,
                        bill, and, most importantly, finding a way        he won’t have the seniority and clout that
                        to fund it. A transportation bill, which has     Dodd held or be the same powerful advo-
                        languished in Congress, might emerge in          cate for Sustainable Communities.
                        the next session, but will likely be smaller          At the state level, the election of Dan
                        than the one proposed a year and a half          Malloy to the governor’s office bodes
                        ago by outgoing House Transportation             well for policies encouraging smart
                        and Infrastructure Committee Chair               growth. In his time as Mayor of Stamford,
                        James Oberstar.                                  Malloy was able to leverage the city’s
                             The new chair of the transportation         major advantages — a location just over
                        committee, Republican Rep. John Mica             the New York border, express service to
                        of Florida, is known to support transit                                 (continued on page 11)
Page 10
Fiscal Realities, cont’d                        sible for approving changes to the State
                                                                                                    CONNECT                 A
                                                Plan of Conservation and Development),
Manhattan, and industrial land waiting to       Sharkey led the Smart Growth Task
be repurposed — into expansion of high-         Force and later the MORE Commission
paying finance jobs and housing for the          (Municipal Opportunities and Regional
thousands of new residents that followed.       Efficiencies), helping towns save money           Stay current with
A policy of transit-oriented development        through shared services and exploring            CCAPA happenings!
(TOD) made obvious sense for Stamford,          ways to incentivize regional strategies for      Bookmark our online
which has better transit service than any       economic development. Partly due to
other place in Connecticut and the worst        Sharkey’s ongoing efforts, a 2010 bill has       events page at www.
highway congestion. TOD also fits in             mandated that the next State Plan (due in
with Malloy’s personal commitment to            2012) follow a New Jersey-style cross-ac-        so you don’t miss out!
fighting global warming. Malloy will             ceptance process that encourages towns,
now have to figure out how to promote            regions, and the State to align develop-
economic development in other regions           ment goals and policies.
of Connecticut desperate for new jobs                With all these good people in place, it’s
that lack the same locational advantages        hard to believe that Malloy, Sharkey, and
of Stamford.                                    other members of the legislature might be
    Malloy as governor should find               so overwhelmed with solving our funding
a partner in the House’s new Major-             crisis that attention turns away from tran-
ity Leader, Rep. Brendan Sharkey, who           sit and TOD. But a reduction in available
has been the leading advocate for smart         funding is the perfect time for Connecti-
growth policies in the General Assembly.        cut to evaluate its true funding priorities
In addition to co-chairing the Planning         and to make sure its transportation and
and Development Committee and the               development investments support strong
Continuing Legislative Committee on             communities that will generate long-term
State Planning and Development (respon-         economic growth.

                                                                    Expert Review of
                                                                    Environmentally-Sensitive Projects
                                                                       Wetlands
                                                                       Wildlife
                                                                       Stormwater Treatment
                                                                       Civil and Environmental Engineering
                                                                       Landscape Architecture
                           Need your regulations                       Land Use Planning
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                                                                    Middletown CT, call 1 860 635 8200
                           Call us. We can help.

                           31 Ensign Drive, Avon, CT 06001

                                                                                                                  Page 11
                         Hartford: A Suburban City?
                         by Donald J. Poland, AICP

                         I   n an earlier article that I wrote for
                             Connecticut Planning, I discussed the
                         Evangelical ideologies of home and fami-
                                                                       Jackson (1985) and Fishman (1987) as
                                                                       influential in spreading the suburban ide-
                                                                       ology in America.
                         ly, their influences on American suburban-          Hartford, while a small city, has a
                         ization, and their connection to Hartford     history that can rival many larger cities.
I have been able         and Nook Farm. Since then, I have been        Therefore, it is not surprising that Hart-
to establish that        able to establish that Hartford was in fact   ford would be an early innovator in sub-
                         a cradle of American suburbanization, and     urbanization — an urban form that would
Hartford was in fact     that Nook Farm is one of the earliest, and    become very much a part of our culture,
a cradle of American     possibly the first, English-style suburban     our American way of life. However, sub-
                         developments in the United States. Pur-       urbanization is often thought of as a post-
suburbanization,         chased by Hooker and Gillette in 1851,        World War II phenomenon. Andres Dua-
and that Nook            Nook Farm rivals the development of           ny et. al. in Suburban Nation: The Rise of
Farm is one of the       Llyewellyn Park, New Jersey referenced        Sprawl and the Decline of the American
                         by Jackson in Crabgrass Frontier: The Sub-    Dream (2000) provides an example of
earliest, and possibly   urbanization of the United States (1985)      this perspective. Duany states, “Suburban
the first, English-       and Fishman in Bourgeois Utopias: The         sprawl, now the standard North Ameri-
                         Rise and Fall of Suburbia (1987) as the       can pattern of growth, ignores historical
style suburban           first middle- and upper-class suburban de-     precedents and human experience. It is
developments in the      velopment built in the English tradition.     an invention, conceived by architects,
                         While both Llewellyn Park and Nook            engineers, and planners, and promoted
United States.           Farm developed during the same decade,        by developers in the great sweeping aside
                         Nook Farm was purchased, developed,           of the old that occurred after the Second
                         and inhabited by Evangelicals — the very      World War (Duany, Plater-Zyberk, Speck,
                         same Evangelicals who are recognized by                            (continued on page 13)

Page 12
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A scheme for development for an outlying district to give a system of streets on a uniform
plan, taking advantage of the lay of the land, with plots of ground suitable for small houses
and susceptible of picturesque and individual treatment.

4, 2000). James Howard Kunstler agrees           since World War II. Single-use zoning,
with Duany in The Geography of Nowhere:          massive road construction, and urban dis-
The Rise and Decline of America’s Man-           investment have turned a nation of eco-
Made Landscape (1993), that suburban-            logically sustainable neighborhoods into
ization is a new post-World War II experi-       a collection of far-flung monocultures,
ences when he states, “Eighty percent of         connected only by the prosthetic device of
everything ever built in America has been        the automobile” (Duany, Speck, Lydon,
built in the last fifty years, and most of        xv, xvi, 2010).
it is depressing, brutal, ugly, unhealthy,            Jackson (1985) and Fishman (1987)
and spiritually degrading” (Kunstler, 10,        document that American suburbaniza-
1993).                                           tion started well before World War II and
     These perspectives of post-World            document many suburban communities
War II suburbanization also assert that          that emerged before 1900. This calls into
it was the automobile, housing policies,         question Duany’s and Kunstler’s assertion
mortgages, highway policies, government          of this grand scheme of the automobile,
policy, the homebuilding industry, and           housing policies, mortgages, highway pol-
government planners (Duany, Plater-Zy-           icies, government policy, the homebuild-
berk, Speck, 2000) that conceived of and         ing industry, and government planners
created this suburban pattern of develop-        that conceived of and created this subur-
ment. They also believe that suburbaniza-        ban pattern of development. It was in this
tion is the cause of most of our social ills.    context that Hartford, in the early 1900s,
For example, “It is now clear that many          became even more interesting in the his-
current social, economic, environmental,         tory and emergence of suburbanization.
and physiological ills are direct outcomes            Most of us know, from our planning
of the way we have built our communities                              (continued on page 14)
                                                                                                                   Page 13
                                                                                                      What’s more inter-
                                                                                                  esting about the 1912
                                                                                                  Plan is not the influ-
                                                                                                  ences of the City Beau-
                                                                                                  tiful movement, but
                                                                                                  the plan’s recommen-
                                                                                                  dations for privately
                                                                                                  owned undeveloped
                                                                                                  land beyond the central
                                                                                                  city. Burnham’s three
                                                                                                  plans were grand vi-
                                                                                                  sions that focused on
                                                                                                  the built environment
                                                                                                  of the central-city, pub-
                                                                                                  lic spaces, and beauti-
                                                                                                  fication through good
                                                                                                  design as a means of
                                                                                                  improving the city. His
                                                                                                  plans did not focus on
                                                                                                  privately owned, unde-
                                                                                                  veloped land, and how
                                                                                                  such land would be or
                                                                                                  should be developed in
                                                                                                  the future. The 1912
                                                                                                  Hartford plan looked
                                                                                                  beyond the existing
“A Comprehensive Plan for the Organization of Street Circulation to Solve the Particular          central city, its govern-
Problems that Arise in Hartford, with a View to the Future Development of the City As Well        ment buildings, and
As to the Relief of the Present Conditions.”                                                      public spaces. The Plan
                                                                                                  made recommendations
                                                                                                  and created designs for
                                 Hartford: A Suburban City?, cont’d           future development in the undeveloped
                                                                              areas beyond the central-city developed
                                 history classes, that in 1907 Hartford       areas. From a historical perspective, the
                                 appointed the first permanent planning        Hartford 1912 Plan may be the first plan
                                 commission in America. However, what is      of its kind, dealing with privately owned
                                 not included in the histories of planning    land and recommending how such outly-
                                 is that in 1912 Hartford adopted one of      ing areas should be developed. (Unfortu-
                                 the first city plans in America (Burnham’s    nately, I do not have the time to research
                                 Chicago, Cincinnati, and San Francisco       this further at this time.)
                                 plans per-dated the Hartford plan). When          When reading the 1912 Plan and
                                 reading the 1912 City of Hartford Plan,      viewing the future development plans/
                                 it becomes evident that the City Beautiful   maps, it becomes evident just how influen-
                                 movement (led by Burnham in America)         tial the Evangelical ideals of suburban liv-
                                 greatly influenced the Hartford Plan and      ing had become. Approximately 30 years
                                 its recommendations. For example, the        before the end of World War II and the
                                 Plan focused on government buildings         demise of electric street cars in Hartford,
                                 and public spaces in the city center. The    and only four years after Henry Ford in-
                                 1912 Plan recommended a redesign of          troduced the mass produced automobile,
                                 the State Capitol property and Bushnell      the Hartford 1912 Plan had incorporated
                                 Park to include a grand mall with many       Evangelical ideals of single family homes,
                                 monuments and called for 400-foot-wide       with ornamental lawns, in a picturesque
                                 boulevards to radiate out from the city      setting, on curvilinear streets into the
                                 center. However, none of these recom-        Plan as the recommend form for future
                                 mendations were ever implemented.            development. Hartford in 1912 essentially
                                                                                                    (continued on page 15)
Page 14
Hartford: A Suburban City?, cont’d                  “Possible grouping of houses on fifty       Two maps in the
                                                    foot lots with resultant gardens &
abandoned the urban form of gridiron                open spaces in contrast to the usual       plan titled “General
streets, tenement buildings, and row                treatments of houses built in rows.”       Plan for the City of
houses, in favor of this new form of urban
development. Two maps in the plan titled
                                                 The phrases and words used in these           Hartford: Showing
                                                 quotes, “taking advantage of the lay of
“General Plan for the City of Hartford:
                                                 the land,” “small houses,” “picturesque,”     Proposed Program
Showing Proposed Program for Devel-
opment” and “Suggested Types of Lay-
                                                 “individual treatment,” “gardens” and         for Development”
                                                 “open space” are all used by Jackson
outs for Factory Sites and Workingmen’s
                                                 (1985) and Fishman (1987) to explain          and “Suggested
Housing” recommended and depict outly-
ing undeveloped land to be developed as
                                                 the emergence of suburban forms in Eng-       Types of Layouts for
                                                 land and those promoted by Evangelicals
small “garden city” style neighborhoods
                                                 in both England and America, including
                                                                                               Factory Sites and
around factory locations. These new
neighborhoods were designed with curvi-
                                                 the suburban designs of Fredrick Law          Workingmen’s Hous-
                                                 Olmsted. More telling is the phrase “in
linear streets, single family lots, and single
                                                 contrast to the usual treatments of houses
                                                                                               ing” recommended
family homes with ornamental lawns. The                                                        and depict outlying
                                                 built in rows,” which demonstrates in-
following two quotes, from the second
                                                 tent — not to build in the urban form of      undeveloped land
map mentioned above, demonstrate the
                                                 row houses, but to develop single family
incorporation of these suburban forms:
                                                 homes, on small lots, with individuals gar-   to be developed as
    “A scheme of development for outly-          dens (yards), in a picturesque setting.       small ‘garden city’
    ing district to give a system of streets         The 1912 Hartford Plan shows that
    on a uniform plan, taking advan-             the American suburban form did not be-        style neighborhoods
    tage of the lay of land, with plots of       gin with a grand scheme or conspiracy         around factory
    ground suitable for small houses and         after World War II. It began in the late
    susceptible of picturesque and indi-         1700s in England, where Evangelical           locations.
    vidual treatment.”                                                (continued on page 16)

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                                                                                                                Page 15
One does not have     Hartford: A Suburban City?, cont’d           moral benefits of country living. The
                                                                   Hartford 1912 Plan demonstrates how
to look hard to find   ideals of home, family, city, and coun-      after 70 years of these ideals and forms
early designs in      try merged with architectural design         being discussed, promoted, and built, that
                      (Fishman; 1985) and was promoted in          they percolated into mainstream society
Hartford that were    America by a number of individuals, many     and public policy as an effective means of
influenced by these    of whom lived in Hartford (Horace Bush-      organizing urban space and were adopted
                      nell, Catharine Beecher, Harriet Beecher     in the Plan as the recommended form of
suburban ideals and   Stowe, Fredrick Law Olmsted, Charles         future development for outlying and un-
forms that were       Loring Brace, Jacob Weidenmann). Be-         developed land.
                      ginning in 1840, each of these individuals       One does not have to look hard to
demonstrated on       and others published books and articles,     find early designs in Hartford that were
Nook Farm…first        preached in church sermons, and lived        influenced by these suburban ideals and
                      the very lifestyle and form they were pro-   forms that were demonstrated on Nook
the West End          moting. By the early 1900s, their ideas of   Farm. The majority of Hartford’s neigh-
along Farmington      family, home, and design had been well       borhoods were designed in this suburban
Avenue…and            established within middle- and upper-class   form. Two examples, first the West End
                      American society. In addition, the sub-      along Farmington Avenue (beyond Nook
second, along the     urban ideals and suburban forms did not      Farm) and second, along the Asylum Av-
Asylum Avenue         come into existence through an organized     enue corridor in the area of Woodlawn
                      planning movement, such as Ebenezer          Street and Scarborough Street. The Farm-
corridor.             Howard’s Garden Cities or Daniel Burn-       ington Avenue neighborhood is a tradi-
                      ham’s City Beautiful movement. The sub-      tional street-car suburb, dominated by
                      urban ideals and suburban forms emerged      now historic Victorian homes with small
                      as means to blend the economic benefits       front yards and large rear gardens. The
                      of proximity to city with the health and                          (continued on page 17)

                                                                                                                 Photo: DonaldPoland

Page 16
Hartford: A Suburban City?, cont’d                                                           “The shaded areas show
                                                                                             territory affected by
Asylum Avenue corridor was wealthier           persons in 1940 — a 90-year period of         proposed extension and
and is characterized by large lots and large   Hartford’s most significant growth. It         development.”
Georgian and Tudor style homes built in        was during the first half of this period
the English tradition.                         that the suburban Nook Farm commu-
    Other interesting examples include         nity developed and matured, and then
commercial development adjacent to             the 1912 Plan incorporated and recom-
Downtown, in the Asylum Hill neigh-            mended the suburban form of Nook
borhood. These include the corporate           Farm. Since this is the period of Hart-
headquarters of both Aetna and The             ford’s growth into a city, one can ask, did
Hartford — both facilities were designed       Hartford develop as a suburban city?
with the buildings set back from the
street to accommodate large ornamental         This article is based on some of Donald
front lawns. These two facilities can be       Poland’s findings as part of his literature
seen as early commercial that later be-        review papers for ongoing PhD studies at
came the suburban office park. Hartford         University College, London. This is the
is dominated by these suburban forms           second of three articles about Hartford
that were conceived, promoted, planned,        and suburbanization. The third article
and built, well before mass suburbaniza-       will appear in the next addition of Con-
tion that occurred post-1945. In 1850,         necticut Planning and will link Hartford
Hartford was a small urban village of          and these suburban forms to the Modernist
only 13,555 persons. It grew to 79,850         movement.
persons in 1900, and then 166,267

                                                                                                                 Page 17
                          Lawns, Turf Grass and the Built Environment
                          by Meghan Sloan, Graduate Student of Urban Studies, Southern Connecticut State University

                          T    he patches of vegetation in our cit-
                               ies and suburbs provide comfortable
                          spaces for community interaction, but de-
                                                                        sects by heavy application of chemicals,
                                                                        are monocultures. Unlike natural land-
                                                                        scapes that provide a diverse selection of
                          grade the diversity of the natural habitat.   food, shelter and protection to local wild-
                          When we look for the natural and organic      life, these lawns offer little habitat value.
                          in the built environment, we typically find    When a natural area is replaced with or
In Connecticut, turf is   patches of green lawn, or turf grass. Over    fragmented by turf grass, the biodiversity
estimated to make up      49,000 square miles of the continental        of an area is diminished, and habitat is lost.
7.7% of the state, or     United States, a little over 1.5% of total         Besides loss of habitat, weed free,
                          land cover, is estimated to be made up of     manicured expanses of lawn have been
381 square miles.         turf (Lindsey, 2005). In Connecticut, turf    criticized for other forms of environmen-
                          is estimated to make up 7.7% of the state,    tal degradation. Gasoline-powered lawn
                          or 381 square miles (CLEAR, 2006). Al-        mowers are sources of both air and noise
                          though miles of uninterrupted, weed free      pollution. The fertilizers, pesticides and
                          and evenly cut turf may be visually pleas-    herbicides used to maintain the lawn’s
                          ing, our natural environments are disrupt-    monoculture perfection contaminates
                          ed and degraded by this aesthetic.            both groundwater and local waterways.
                               Lawns dominated by non-native turf       These chemicals can be toxic to other
                          grass, and protected from weeds and in-                             (continued on page 19)
Photo: Meghan Sloan

Page 18
Page 18
Lawns, cont’d                                 neighborhood look like a cohesive unit,
                                              rather than a series of buildings. From a
plant species, fish and wildlife. The nitro-   safety perspective, lawns are spaces where
gen from fertilizer causes rapid, out-of-     activity can be observed, thus enhancing                            SPACE
control growth of aquatic plant life. In      the natural surveillance in a community.                         COULD BE
hot, dry weather, when our water supplies          As planners (or future planners, such
may already be running low, lawns require     as myself), we can promote a sustainable                           YOURS !
watering to stay green.                       built environment that offers habitat to
     Popular culture has used the lawn        local plants and wildlife, as well as cohe-
to symbolize suburban conformity. Un-         sive neighborhoods that encourage com-             FOR INFO ON ADVERTISING
interrupted crew cut style lawns were         munity. Enhancing Your Backyard Habi-              RATES AND AVAILABILITY,
                                                                                                PLEASE REACH JEFF MILLS A T
prominently featured in TV programs,          tat for Wildlife, by Peter Picone, although
                                              written for the homeowner, offers a vari-            (860) 454-8922
commercials, movies, illustrations and
                                                                                                     OR VIA EMAIL AT
photographs of 1950s suburban life.           ety of methods to develop a landscape so
However, there is no need to overexuber-      that it provides food, shelter and protec-
antly disparage lawns as enforced social      tion to local wildlife. Although birds are
conformity. In my experience, lawns have      the most visible (and welcome) visitors to
the opportunity to foster a sense of com-     these micro habitats, a mix of native trees,
munity in many neighborhoods, because         shrubs, perennials and grasses attract the
it is something suburban dwellers have in     insects that many birds prefer to dine on.
common. Discussing lawn care methods,         The publication includes plans for urban,
admiring a zealously cared-for lawn, and      suburban and rural lots, as well as plant
grumbling about the shortcomings of           lists that provide year-round sustenance
another neighbor’s lawn may seem petty,       and protection to wildlife — including
but other topics often arise in these con-    winter. The lawn still has a place in these
versations, and the dialogue can broaden      landscapes, but it is smaller, requires less
to getting to know a neighbor. For exam-      maintenance and does not have the per-
ple, when I was growing up, my parents        fect uniformity of the current turf ideal.
did not have much in common with our               Edible Estates, Attack on the Front
neighbors, but they could spend an hour       Lawn, a book that documents an art proj-
or two of a summer’s evening discussing       ect by artist/architect Fritz Haeg, takes a
grub control, moles, grass seed, weed kill-   more confrontational approach to the turf
ers and fertilizer with the neighbors. To-    grass lawn. The author views the modern
day, my neighbors and I debate the merits     lawn as an unproductive landscape — bet-
of push mowers over power mowers, and         ter used for food production. Besides
how we will mow the lawn tomorrow, or         including various anti-lawn literature, the
the next day, or maybe in a week.             most interesting (and inspiring) sections
     While trees, shrubs and fences delin-    of the book are the plans, photographs
eate boundaries, the lawn (especially in      and descriptions of the efforts of indi-
the front of a home) visually unites prop-    vidual homeowners to replace all of the
erties with one another, and can make a                             (continued on page 20)

                                                                                                                       Page 19
Sources, Organizations and                             Lawns, cont’d
Publications of Interest:
                                                       lawn in their front
Center for Land Use Education & Re-                    yard with fruit and
search. 2006. Statewide Land Cover                     vegetable gardens.
and Land Cover Change. University of                   Whenever I read
Connecticut. Retrieved September 15,                   this book (or just
2010 from                 look at the pic-
ects/landscape/statewide.htm                           tures), the bean
                                                       and cucumber trel-
Connecticut College. 2008. Smaller                     lises, heads of leafy
American Lawns Today (SALT). Re-                       green lettuce and,
trieved September 16, 2010 from                        of course, tomato
                                                       plants, inspire me

                                                                                                                                                     Photo: Meghan Sloan
                                                       to begin planning
Lindsey, Rebecca. 2005. Looking                        my front yard veg-
for lawns. NASA Earth Observatory.                     etable garden.
Retrieved September 15, 2010 from                           While these                  two publications
tures/Lawn/lawn.php                                    take very differ-
                                                       ent approaches to the lawn, they both           berry plants, nut trees, wildflowers and
Robbins, Paul. 2007. Lawn People.                      describe sustainable alternatives to our        native turf grass replaced even ten percent
Philadelphia: Temple University Press.                 current landscapes. The natural spaces of       of the 381 square miles of lawn in Con-
United States Department of                            our built environments should promote           necticut, we would reduce environmental
Environmental Protection. 1997. A                      community interaction and involvement,          degradation, increase habitat for wildlife,
Sourcebook on Natural Landscaping for                  but can also place less emphasis on turf. If    and maybe even have a little bit more to
Public Officials. Retrieved September                    evergreens, holly bushes, mountain laurel,      talk about with our neighbors.
16, 2010
Wild Ones.
Worrel, Gabriela, 2009. Lawn be gone.
Planning. American Planning

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Page 20
                      EDITOR’S TOPIC

                     The Chrysalis Center Strikes a Sustainability Chord
                     by Emily J. Moos, AICP, Connecticut Planning Editor

                          f you’ve been read-                       make the term “sustainable community”
                          ing my editor’s                           more tangible — you can sense a sustain-
                          topics you’ll know                        able community beginning to emerge in
                     that I write a lot about                       the neighborhood of Hartford where it
                     sustainability from dif-                       exists. It starts with the mission of Chrys-
                     ferent angles. Even                            alis, a private non-profit healthcare agency
                     over just the past year,                       which provides community support ser-
                     the term sustainability                        vices to people who are struggling with
                     and what it means for the planning pro-        mental illness, substance abuse, HIV/
                     fession has become more clearly defined,        AIDS, release from incarceration and
                     particularly with the announcement of          homelessness and who live substantially
                     nearly $200 million federal grant dollars      below the poverty line. Chrysalis helps
                     for regional and local sustainable com-        stabilize peoples’ lives — nearly 3,000
                     munities and transportation projects that      per year benefit from their services in the
                     span the nation. The aim of these monies       areas of housing, employment, education
                     seems to reinforce the idea that much of       and community integration — and em-
                     planning for sustainable communities is        power them with the ability to contribute
                     about thinking broadly and wholistically       meaningfully to their community.
                     about a set of issues, not just one issue in        This theme continues with the loca-
                     isolation. In keeping with this idea, this     tion and building that Chrysalis Center
                     approach is one that calls us to collaborate   chose to relocate to — a project that
                     — to connect issues and create opportu-        has taken place over the last six years. As
                     nities with a broader, more comprehen-         many as fifteen years ago, the organiza-
                                                                                                                   From helping
                     sive impact than we might have achieved        tion began looking to consolidate its ser-     individuals realize
                     on our own.                                    vices as it occupied six different buildings
                          This is most likely why Chrysalis         throughout the city of Hartford, most of
                                                                                                                   their true potential,
                     Commons and Freshplace, both part of           them on Farmington Avenue. When the            to realizing the
                     the Chrysalis Center, Inc. in Hartford,        former Sealtest Foods bottling and pro-        true potential of
                     struck a chord for me. I had the opportu-      cessing plant located at 255 Homestead
                     nity to take a tour of these facilities with   Avenue became available for purchase, the      an underutilized
                     Sharon Castelli, Executive Director of         Chrysalis Center saw this as an excellent      building and
                     Chrysalis Center Inc., who enthusiastical-     location not only to consolidate their of-
                     ly demonstrated how Chrysalis Commons          fices, allowing them to save energy and         site, to uplifting
                     and Freshplace are the types of places that    cost on office equipment and eliminate          and supporting
                                                                    the need for travel back and forth be-
                                                                    tween its old buildings, but also as a way     a neighborhood,
                                                                    to reuse a vacant, underutilized building,     Chrysalis Center,
                                                                    thereby helping to serve the community
                                                                    by revitalizing a portion of its built envi-   Inc. has approached
                                                                    ronment.                                       its mission in the
                                                                         Chrysalis has partnered with numer-
                                                                    ous local funding groups to convert the
                                                                                                                   broadest sense
                                                                    spaces within this old factory building        possible.
                                                                    into several new uses, an effort that has
                                                                    been recognized by the Connecticut
Photos: Emily Moos

                                                                    Main Street Center with the 2010 Award
                                                                    of Excellence for Adaptive Reuse of a
                                                                    Building. The organization is calling
                                                                                          (continued on page 22)
                                                                                                                                    Page 21
                         Editor’s Topic, cont’d

                                                                                                                         Photos: Emily Moos
                         its new location Chrysalis
                         Commons as it has become
                         a truly multi-use facility
                         housing 65 staff members,
                         a community center space
                         in its lower level that offers
                         computer training, exercise
                         and sewing classes and a
                         café-style eatery with both
                         indoor and outdoor seating.
                         The history of the building
                         came alive on my tour with
                         Sharon as many of the long
                         hallways and rooms used
A long, narrow           to inspect milk bottles have
                         been preserved in their original shape and        Hartford. Freshplace is a fresh food pan-
hallway once used        reinvigorated with new uses. A long, nar-         try with a unique mission — to provide
for conveyer belts       row hallway once used for conveyer belts          fresh fruit, vegetables, meat and milk
                         carrying milk bottles has been converted          products to residents in the community
carrying milk bottles    into an art gallery where Chrysalis dis-          where Chrysalis Commons is located.
has been converted       plays artwork created by clients and holds        Freshplace is a targeted effort to begin
                         art openings to feature the artists. A large      tackling one of the root causes of hunger
into an art gallery      open space with high ceilings once used as        in the community, which is lack of access
where Chrysalis          the main bottling and processing area has         to fresh foods. The collaborative effort
                         been converted into an open office floor            has also incorporated a research element
displays artwork         plan for the organization’s staff. Gradual-       in partnering with the UConn Health
created by clients and   ly, over time the hope is that some rooms         Center where baseline data on health and
                         that still remain unfinished, but have the         nutrition throughout the community
holds art openings to    potential to add more functionality to the        has been gathered. Over time, as visi-
feature the artists.     building, will be reused as well. There           tors to Freshplace benefit from cooking
                                                 is space to add 11        demonstrations aimed at helping them
                                                 dormitory-style           prepare the foods that are offered each
                                                 living spaces and a       day and seminars on food and nutrition,
                                                 conference center         it is hoped that the overall health and
                                                 that could provide        nutrition of the community’s residents
                                                 meeting space             will have improved and as a result the
                                                 for Chrysalis and         quality of life in the neighborhood will
                                                 other organizations       be uplifted. What is most exciting about
                                                 throughout the city       Freshplace is that it involves the greater
                                                 and region.               Hartford community as well by providing
                                                     In addition to        volunteer opportunities. Major corpora-
                                                 providing a home          tions in Hartford have begun to take on
                                                 to many of the ac-        food groups, which they will donate to
                                                 tivities that Chrysalis   Freshplace for a set period of time.
                                                 has traditionally              From helping individuals realize their
                                                 worked on, Chrysa-        true potential, to realizing the true po-
                                                 lis Commons is            tential of an underutilized building and
                                                 home to a new ini-        site, to uplifting and supporting a neigh-
                                                 tiative, Freshplace       borhood, Chrysalis Center, Inc. has ap-
                                                 Market, which is a        proached its mission in the broadest sense
                                                 collaborative effort      possible. It is through this type of think-
                                                 between Chrysalis,        ing and planning that we will begin to
                                                 Foodshare and the         attain the most sustainable, durable com-
                                                 Junior League of          munities for generations to come.
Page 22
                     Connecticut Planner Profile: Steven J. Brown
Current Position:       Planning Analyst, Wilbur Smith Associates, New Haven, CT
Favorite Cities:        Boston, MA; New Haven, CT
Hometown:               Newton, MA
Currently living in:    New Haven, CT
Why a career in planning?                                    Why join CCAPA?
I studied Civil Engineering in college and always had a      I have always felt
keen interest in planning, particularly in transportation    that APA has been
planning. As a result I pursued a Masters in urban and       the organization that
regional planning at the University of Iowa. I’m espe-       best represents my
cially concerned with the nexus between transportation       skills, interests, and
and land use.                                                the issues that matter
                                                             to me in my work. I
Why plan in Connecticut?                                     joined APA in gradu-
I went to grad school and began my professional ca-          ate school and have
reer in the Midwest, first in Iowa and then in Chicago.       remained a member
I wanted to be closer to my family, which is located         ever since. CCAPA is
mostly in Massachusetts and New York.                        the third local chapter that I have been affiliated with
                                                             as I have moved around the country. It’s important for
Currently working on?                                        staying on top of issues beyond my own specialization,
I work primarily on studies of existing and proposed         as planning is an extremely multidisciplinary field. It
highway and bridge tolling projects. These may in-           has also provided a valuable resource in meeting fellow
volve new toll roads, upgrades to existing toll roads,       planners, especially when I am new to a region.
managed lanes (such as High-Occupancy Toll lanes);
or regional pricing studies. I am currently involved in      Thoughts on planning in today’s world?
several regional congestion pricing studies, which hold      I think this is a very exciting time for our field as a
the potential to finance much-needed highway mainte-          whole, and for transportation in particular. The Obama
nance and capacity expansion while also providing new        administration has displayed an unprecedented com-
revenue sources for transit and other multimodal trans-      mitment to multi-modalism, particularly a new focus
portation improvements.                                      on high-speed rail. We’re already seeing the benefits of
    The federal gas tax has not increased in almost two      this with hundreds of millions in federal investments in
decades, and it appears that there is little to no politi-   passenger rail projects in Connecticut and throughout
cal will to find new sources of revenue to finance the         New England. A new transportation authorization bill
national transportation agenda. I believe that as a re-      is right around the corner, and I expect we’ll see a far
sult, tolling will continue to grow in prominence as the     greater emphasis on planning for all modes, as well as
states look for innovative ways to maintain and upgrade      a more performance-driven and less earmark-driven
their transportation assets.                                                                     (continued on page 24)

  Steven’s Favorite blogs:
  One of the most important ways that I stay informed these days is through my favorite planning- and
  transportation-related blogs.
      Streetsblog NYC:
      The Transport Politic:
      Toll Roads News:
  I’m also a huge data geek, and I’ve been very happy to find this site, which helps me constantly in my work:

                                                                                                                     Page 23
    Planner Profile, cont’d
    transportation policy. This will
    be to the benefit of all plan-
    ners, to our profession as a
    whole, and to the values that
    underlie our work.
         I was born and raised in
    the Boston area and will always
    hold a special place for the
    region where I was born and
    raised, and the place that first
    got me interested in planning.
    I also very much appreciate
    the history of New Haven, my
    current home town and one of
    America’s first planned cities.
         The old cities of New Eng-
    land are uniquely challenging
    in our field, as we try and fit
    21st century needs into a space
    that was laid out hundreds of
    years ago.

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