Coach Presnell US History Native Americans and Westward Expansion Today’s Introduction • Read the news article about present day relations between the US Government and Native American Tribes Admin Issues • Monday, meet in the Achievement Center between Lower 3 and 4 • Take home quiz: • One paragraph essay on the following question: • How did westward expansion effect Native Americans? • Four square organizer on the following prompt: • Explain the areas, technology and hardships faced by Great Plains farmers, Miners and Ranchers during westward expansion. • Turn in study guide Monday • Worksheets • Reflective Writing Objectives for Today • After today’s lesson, the student should be able to: • Understand the political issues that affected Native Americans • Investigate the dynamics between settlers and Native Americans • Identify the events and impact of western movement and Indian Wars on Native Americans The Black Hills Check on Learning • What were annuities? • What happened at Fetterman’s Massacre? • Explain the Sand Creek Massacre. • What was the result of the Battle at Little Big Horn? • Why did Wounded Knee occur? • What was important about the Dawes Act and assimilation? Native Americans Struggles of the Plains Indians THE SETTLEMENT OF THE WEST DRAMATICALLY ALTERED THE WAY OF LIFE OF THE PLAINS INDIANS Farmers, hunters and nomads versus environmental exploitation. Native Americans The Dakota Sioux Uprising • 1862, Annuities and relocation • Little Crow and the uprising • 38 sentenced to death • Native Americans go on the run… Native Americans Red Cloud’s War • Second Sioux tribe, Lakota in Montana • Red Cloud, Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull • Fetterman’s Massacre on Bozeman Trail • http://www.learn360.com/ShowVideo.aspx?SearchTe xt=fetterman&ID=365788 Native Americans Sand Creek Massacre • Cheyenne and Arapaho’s Colorado land invaded by gold miners • Cheyenne fight fiercely against settlers • Chief Black Kettle decides to negotiate peace deal, camps at Sand Creek to await negotiations • History unsure of exactly what happened, but 14 soldiers killed, up to 600 Cheyenne men, women and children killed. Native Americans A Doomed Plan for Peace • Indian Peace Commission, 1867 • Reservations in North America • Medicine Lodge Creek Treaty Native Americans The Last Native American Wars SETTLERS AND NATIVE AMERICANS FOUGHT FOR LAND AND CULTURAL TRADITIONS. 1870s, Native Americans leave reservations and the disappearance of the Buffalo Native Americans Battle of the Little Bighorn • http://www.learn360.com/Show Video.aspx?SearchText=red+clo ud&MediaFormat=3360063&I D=350036 • George Custer responds to Lakotas’ violation of treaties • Custer’s failed attack • Encourages anti-Native American sentiment Native Americans Tragedy at Wounded Knee • 1890, Ghost Dance outlawed • Sitting Bull killed when Law Enforcement tries to arrest him • December 1890, final battle at Wounded Knee Creek http://www.learn360.com/ShowVideo.aspx?SearchText=wounde d+knee&MediaFormat=3360063&ID=348026 Native Americans Dawes Act • Attempts to assimilate Native Americans • Encourage farming and ranching • Native Americans have little patience for this approach, but becomes the official government stance in 1887 with Dawes Act • Land allotments have little use Check on Learning • What were annuities? • What happened at Fetterman’s Massacre? • Explain the Sand Creek Massacre. • What was the result of the Battle at Little Big Horn? • Why did Wounded Knee occur? • What was important about the Dawes Act and assimilation? Native Americans • Reflective Writing • Answer the following two questions using the lessons you have learned over the last three days about westward expansion: • Do you think Native Americans were treated fairly during westward expansion? Why or why not? • If you were a settler going west, what would be your plan of action? Why?
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