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Native Americans and Westward Expansion - PowerPoint

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					      Coach Presnell
       US History




Native Americans and
Westward Expansion
Today’s Introduction
• Read the news article about present day relations
  between the US Government and Native American
  Tribes
Admin Issues
• Monday, meet in the Achievement Center between Lower 3
  and 4
• Take home quiz:
   • One paragraph essay on the following question:
      • How did westward expansion effect Native Americans?
   • Four square organizer on the following prompt:
      • Explain the areas, technology and hardships faced by Great Plains
        farmers, Miners and Ranchers during westward expansion.
• Turn in study guide Monday
   • Worksheets
   • Reflective Writing
Objectives for Today
• After today’s lesson, the student should be able to:
   • Understand the political issues that affected Native
     Americans
   • Investigate the dynamics between settlers and Native
     Americans
   • Identify the events and impact of western movement
     and Indian Wars on Native Americans
The Black Hills
Check on Learning
•   What were annuities?
•   What happened at Fetterman’s Massacre?
•   Explain the Sand Creek Massacre.
•   What was the result of the Battle at Little Big Horn?
•   Why did Wounded Knee occur?
•   What was important about the Dawes Act and
    assimilation?
Native Americans
                    Struggles of the Plains Indians

THE SETTLEMENT OF THE WEST DRAMATICALLY ALTERED THE WAY
                OF LIFE OF THE PLAINS INDIANS


    Farmers, hunters and nomads versus environmental exploitation.
Native Americans
       The Dakota Sioux
              Uprising
•   1862, Annuities and
    relocation
•   Little Crow and the uprising
•   38 sentenced to death
•   Native Americans go on the
    run…
Native Americans
                    Red Cloud’s War
•   Second Sioux tribe, Lakota in Montana
•   Red Cloud, Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull
•   Fetterman’s Massacre on Bozeman Trail
•   http://www.learn360.com/ShowVideo.aspx?SearchTe
    xt=fetterman&ID=365788
Native Americans
                     Sand Creek Massacre
•   Cheyenne and Arapaho’s Colorado land invaded by
    gold miners
•   Cheyenne fight fiercely against settlers
•   Chief Black Kettle decides to negotiate peace deal,
    camps at Sand Creek to await negotiations
•   History unsure of exactly what happened, but 14
    soldiers killed, up to 600 Cheyenne men, women and
    children killed.
Native Americans
              A Doomed Plan for Peace
• Indian Peace Commission, 1867
• Reservations in North America
• Medicine Lodge Creek Treaty
Native Americans
          The Last Native American Wars


SETTLERS AND NATIVE AMERICANS FOUGHT FOR
      LAND AND CULTURAL TRADITIONS.

 1870s, Native Americans leave reservations and the
             disappearance of the Buffalo
   Native Americans
 Battle of the Little Bighorn
• http://www.learn360.com/Show
  Video.aspx?SearchText=red+clo
  ud&MediaFormat=3360063&I
  D=350036
• George Custer responds to
  Lakotas’ violation of treaties
• Custer’s failed attack
• Encourages anti-Native
  American sentiment
Native Americans
                     Tragedy at Wounded Knee
• 1890, Ghost Dance outlawed
• Sitting Bull killed when Law Enforcement tries to arrest him
• December 1890, final battle at Wounded Knee Creek

http://www.learn360.com/ShowVideo.aspx?SearchText=wounde
          d+knee&MediaFormat=3360063&ID=348026
Native Americans
                     Dawes Act

• Attempts to assimilate Native Americans
• Encourage farming and ranching
• Native Americans have little patience for this
  approach, but becomes the official government
  stance in 1887 with Dawes Act
• Land allotments have little use
Check on Learning
•   What were annuities?
•   What happened at Fetterman’s Massacre?
•   Explain the Sand Creek Massacre.
•   What was the result of the Battle at Little Big Horn?
•   Why did Wounded Knee occur?
•   What was important about the Dawes Act and
    assimilation?
Native Americans
• Reflective Writing
   • Answer the following two questions using the lessons
     you have learned over the last three days about
     westward expansion:
      • Do you think Native Americans were treated fairly
        during westward expansion? Why or why not?
      • If you were a settler going west, what would be your
        plan of action? Why?

				
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posted:9/16/2011
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