digestive system quizzes by CrisologaLapuz

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									                         AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM QUIZZES
1. Which division of the autonomic nervous system   8. What is NOT an effect of the Sympathetic
is energy conservation restorative?                 Nervous System?
a) Autonomic                                        a) speed up blood to brain
b) Sympathetic                                      b) speed up blood to digestive system
c) Parasympathetic                                  c) speed up heart rate
d) Somatic                                          d) slow down reproductive system
e) Somatomatic                                      e) speed up breathing

2. What are the two divisions of the Autonomic      9. What effect does the sympathetic nervous system
Nervous System?                                     have on glycogenolysis in the liver?
a) Autonomic                                        a) Has NO effect on the process
b) Somatic                                          b) Decreases the process
c) Parasympathetic                                  c) Maintains the process at a constant level
d) Somatomatic                                      d) Increases the process
e) Sympathetic
                                                    10. What nerves are NOT a part of the Sympathetic
3. What is another name for the 2nd motor nerve     nervous system?
cell?                                               a) Cranial # 9 & # 10
a) Postganglionic Nerve Cell                        b) T1 & T2
b) Preganglionic Nerve Cell                         c) Sacral S2 & S3
                                                    d) Thoracic
4. 90% of the Parasympathetic NS utilizes which     e) Lumber
cranial nerve?
a) # 7                                              11. Which region of the spinal cord has no
b) # 10                                             autonomic nerve cell bodies at all?
c) # 9                                              a) Sacral
d) # 3                                              b) Thoracic
                                                    c) Cervical
5. What nerves are NOT a part of the                d) Lumbar
Parasympathetic nervous system?
a) Sacral S2 & S4                                   12. Do both divisions of the nervous system
b) Cranial # 9 & # 10                               (autonomic & somatic) use the same input (afferent)
c) Cranial # 3 & # 7                                sensory pathways?
d) Thoracic                                         a) Yes
                                                    b) Most of the time
6. The effect of the sympathetic NS is more         c) Some of the time
widespread and long lasting than the                d) No
parasympathetic NS.
a) True                                             13. What is another name for the Sympathetic NS?
b) False                                            a) Sacroiliac
                                                    b) Thoracolumbar
7. What are the two physiological subdivisions of   c) Craniosciatic
the nervous system?                                 d) Thoracervical
a) Autonomic                                        e) Craniosacral
b) Somatomatic
c) Somatic
d) Sympathetic
e) Parasympathetic
14. What does biofeedback confirm about the         21. Which division of the nervous system has 2
autonomic nervous system?                           motor nerve cells?
a) It is completely independent on higher centers   a) Sympathic
b) It is somewhat dependent on higher centers       b) Autonomic
c) It is completely dependent on higher centers     c) Parasympathic
d) It is somewhat independent on higher centers     d) Somatic

15. Do both divisions of the nervous system use 1   22. Most but not all viscera have dual innervations
sensory nerve cell?                                 with the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems.
a) Yes                                              a) False
b) Only the sympathetic system                      b) True
c) No
d) Only the autonomic system                        23. What gland will release hormones at the
                                                    activation of the sympathetic nervous system?
16. The Parasympathetic Nervous System turns on     a) Hypothalamus
in life threatening situations.                     b) Pituitary
a) False                                            c) Adrenal Medulla
b) True                                             d) Thalamus
                                                    e) Pineal
17. What is another name for the Parasympathetic
NS?
a) Craniosacral
b) Thoracolumbar                                    ----------Key----------
c) Sacroiliac
d) Thoracervical                                    1. (c)
e) Craniosciatic                                    2. (c) (e)
                                                    3. (a)
18. The cerebral cortex controls the autonomic      4. (b)
nervous sytem when a person is...?                  5. (d)
a) in deep sleep                                    6. (a)
b) exercising                                       7. (a) (c)
c) stressed                                         8. (b)
d) relaxed                                          9. (d)
                                                    10. (a) (c)
19. What is another name for the 1st motor nerve    11. (c)
cell?                                               12. (a)
a) Preganglionic Nerve Cell                         13. (b)
b) Postganglionic Nerve Cell                        14. (b)
                                                    15. (a)
20. What is NOT an effect of the Parasympathetic    16. (a)
Nervous System?                                     17. (a)
a) slow down blood to skeletal muscles              18. (c)
b) slow down urinary system                         19. (a)
c) slow down heart rate                             20. (b)
d) slow down breathing                              21. (b)
e) speed up reproductive system                     22. (b)
                                                    23. (c)
1. Preganglionic fibers make what neurotransmitter?
a) Myelin                                             9. Cholinergic nerve cells make what
b) Acetylcholine                                      neurotransmitter?
c) Norepinephrine                                     a) Dopamine
d) Dopamine                                           b) Adrenaline
                                                      c) Epinephrine
2. Where is the sympathetic chain ganglia?            d) Acetylcholine
a) Near the organ stimulated                          e) Norepinephrine
b) On either side of the spinal cord
c) In the thalamus                                    10. What nerve cell has its body in the autonomic
d) In the anterior grey horn of the spinal cord       ganglion somewhere near the organ it is effecting?
                                                      a) 1st Motor nerve cell
3. Cholinergic nerves are stimulated by what          b) Cholinergic nerve cells
neurons?                                              c) Preganglionic nerve cell
a) Upper motor neurons                                d) Adrenergic nerve cells
b) Lower motor neurons
c) Postganglionic neurons                             11. What is an example(s) of a visceral effector?
d) 2nd motor neurons                                  a) Heart
e) Preganglionic neurons                              b) Tongue
                                                      c) Intestinal Tract
4. Adrenergic nerve cells make what                   d) Deltoid Muscle
neurotransmitter?                                     e) Pineal Gland
a) Myelin
b) Dopamine                                           12. Where are the ganglia of the sympathetic
c) Norepinephrine                                     systems?
d) Acetylcholine                                      a) Along the spinal cord
                                                      b) Dorsal Root of the Spinal Cord
5. Where does communication between the 1st &         c) By the organ stimulated
2nd motor nerve cells occur?                          d) Grey Matter of Spinal Cord
a) in the anterior grey horn of the spinal cord
b) in the thalamus                                    13. What do cholinergic neurons stimulate?
c) in ganglia                                         a) 1st motor neurons
d) only in the sympathetic chain ganglia              b) Preganglionic neurons
                                                      c) Postganglionic neurons
6. What is an example(s) of a Somatic effector?       d) Lower motor neurons
a) Intestinal Tract                                   e) Upper motor neurons
b) Pineal Gland
c) Deltoid Muscle                                     14. Where do the preganglionic and postganglionic
d) Tongue                                             nerve cells synapse?
e) Heart                                              a) in the anterior grey horn of the spinal cord
                                                      b) in the thalamus
7. In the parasympathetic NS which fiber is short?    c) in ganglia
a) Postganglionic                                     d) only in the sympathetic chain ganglia
b) 1st Motor Nerve
c) Preganglionic                                      15. Where are the ganglia of the parasympathetic
                                                      systems?
8. Beta-blockers block the effects of what?           a) White Matter of Spinal Cord
a) Acetylcholine on the heart to slow it down         b) By the organ stimulated
b) Norepinephrine on the heart to speed it up         c) Grey Matter of Spinal Cord
c) Norepinephrine on the heart to slow it down        d) Dorsal Root of the Spinal Cord
d) Acetylcholine on the heart to speed it up          e) Along the spinal cord
16. Adrenergic nerve cells are stimulated by what    22. In the parasympathetic NS which fiber is long?
motor nerve cell?                                    a) 2nd Motor Nerve
a) Postganglionic Nerve Cell                         b) Preganglionic
b) 2nd Motor Nerve Cell                              c) Postganglionic
c) Cholinergic Nerve Cell
                                                     23. What are two types of receptors for
17. Cholinergic nerves have nerve cell bodies        norepinephrine and epinephrine?
where?                                               a) Theta
a) Autonomic Ganglion somewhere near the organ       b) Alpha
it is effecting                                      c) Beta
b) Dorsal Root Ganglion                              d) Delta
c) White Matter of Spinal Cord
d) Grey Matter of Spinal Cord

18. What is NOT an example of a somatic efferent
response?
a) Adduction
b) Increased Heart rate
c) Extension                                         ----------Key----------
d) Abduction                                         1. (b)
e) Flexion                                           2. (b)
                                                     3. (a)
19. What effectors do adrenergic nerve cells         4. (c)
stimulate?                                           5. (c)
a) Cardiac Muscles                                   6. (c) (d)
b) Smooth Muscle                                     7. (a)
c) Visceral Effectors                                8. (c)
d) Blood Vessels                                     9. (d)
e) Skeletal Muscles                                  10. (d)
                                                     11. (a) (c) (e)
                                                     12. (a)
20. Name an enzyme that inactivates acetylcholine?   13. (c)
a) Acetylesterase                                    14. (c)
b) Cholinesterase                                    15. (b)
c) Adrenalin                                         16. (c)
d) Acetylcholinesterase                              17. (d)
                                                     18. (b)
21. Sympathetic Postganglionic fibers make what      19. (a) (b) (c) (d)
neurotransmitter?                                    20. (d)
a) Norepinephrine                                    21. (a)
b) Myelin                                            22. (b)
c) Dopamine                                          23. (b) (c)
d) Acetylcholine
                                                     EYES

1. What happens to the ciliary muscle when                  8. The iris is part of which layer of the eye?
focusing on close objects?                                  a) top layer
a) Contraction                                              b) bottom layer
b) Flattening of the lens                                   c) third layer
c) Reflection                                               d) middle layer
d) Relaxation                                               e) fourth layer

2. Convergence of the eyes occurs to allow what?            9. What do cones respond to?
a) depth of vision                                          a) Bright Light
b) Bending of the lens                                      b) Color vision
c) Near vision                                              c) Dim low Light
d) Far vision                                               d) Black and White vision

3. What does the aqueous humor do?                          10. Light must focus where for the best acuity
a) gives nutrients to the lens                              (resolution)?
b) keeps the retina in place                                a) Optic Disc
c) gives form to the cornea                                 b) Central Fovea
d) gives nutrients to the retina                            c) Central Fovea
e) gives nutrients to the cornea                            d) Back of Retina

4. What photoreceptors are located over the optic           11. What is the clouding of the lens?
disc?                                                       a) Glaucoma
a) Cones                                                    b) Macula Deteriation
b) Rods                                                     c) Seperated Retina
c) None                                                     d) Cataracts

5. Where are rods located?                                  12. Which of the photoreceptors are more
a) optic disc                                               numerous?
b) sides of retina                                          a) Rods
c) central fovea                                            b) Cones
d) macula lutea                                             c) None
e) back of retina
                                                            13. What is the pupil?
6. The spaces anterior to the lens are filled with          a) opening in the iris
what?                                                       b) site of cones of retina
a) Air                                                      c) site of rods of retina
b) Vitreous Humor                                           d) blind spot
c) Phospholipids                                            e) site of greatest visual acuity
d) Aqueous Humor
                                                            14. How do carrots help eyesight?
7. Where is the area of highest visual acuity?              a) Supplying vitamin K
a) Macula Lutea                                             b) Supplying vitamin A
b) Central Fovea                                            c) Supplying vitamin D
c) Back of Retina                                           d) Supplying vitamin B
d) Optic Disc
15. What does pressure on the retina & nerve         22. What is the white of the eye also called?
caused by too much aqueous humor cause?              a) pink eye
a) Seperated Retina                                  b) cornea
b) Cataracts                                         c) sclera
c) Glaucoma                                          d) conjunctiva
d) Macula Deteriation                                e) iris

16. What does the relaxation of the ciliary muscle   23. Blood shot eyes are dilation of blood vessels in
cause?                                               what?
a) A flattening of the lens for far vision           a) The conjunctiva
b) A bulging of the lens for near vision             b) The iris
c) A flattening of the lens for near vision          c) The sclera
d) A bulging of the lens for far vision              d) The cornea

17. What does the conjunctiva cover?                 24. How does the cornea get nutrients?
a) The iris                                          a) From the Aqueous Humor
b) The sclera                                        b) From the Choroid
c) The cornea                                        c) From the Vitreous Humor
d) The aqueous humor                                 d) From the Sclera
                                                     e) From the Conjunctiva
18. What does a scratch on the cornea interfere
with?                                                25. Where are cones located?
a) Vitreous Humor replacement                        a) central fovea
b) Refraction of light                               b) optic disc
c) Reflection of light                               c) back of retina
d) Aqueous Humor replacement                         d) sides of retina
e) Bending of light                                  e) macula lutea

19. Nutrients to the retina come mostly from what    26. Is aqueous humor produced continuously?
layer of the eye?                                    a) Yes
a) Aqueous Humor                                     b) No
b) Sclera
c) Vitreous Humor                                    27. Which photoreceptor is located in the macula
d) Choroid                                           lutea?
e) Conjunctiva                                       a) none
                                                     b) only rods
20. What does the ciliary muscle do?                 c) only cones
a) closes the pupil only                             d) both rods and cones
b) flexes the iris
c) opens the pupil only                              28. What is the retina held in place by?
d) bends the lens                                    a) Choroid Coat
                                                     b) Rods and Cones
21. What is the mucous membrane that lines the       c) Aqueous Humor
eyelids?                                             d) Vitreous Humor
a) choroid caot                                      e) Ciliary Body
b) visceral membrane
c) lacrimal membrane
d) conjunctiva
29. The spaces posterior to the lens are filled with
what?
a) Aqueous Humor
b) Vitreous Humor
c) Air
d) Phospholipids

30. What is the avascular, transparent coat in front
of the iris?                                           ----------Key----------
a) Pupil
b) Iris                                                1. (a)
c) Lens                                                2. (a)
d) Sclera                                              3. (a) (c) (e)
e) Cornea                                              4. (c)
                                                       5. (b)
31. Where does the aqueous humor drain?                6. (d)
a) Into the Canal of Schlemm                           7. (b)
b) Into the Lacrimal Canal                             8. (d)
c) It doesn't drain                                    9. (a) (b)
d) Into the Ciliary Body                               10. (c)
                                                       11. (d)
32. What do rods respond to?                           12. (a)
a) Bright Light                                        13. (a)
b) Black and White vision                              14. (b)
c) Color vision                                        15. (c)
d) Dim low Light                                       16. (a)
                                                       17. (b)
33. Where in the eye are photoreceptors located?       18. (b) (e)
a) Choroid Coat                                        19. (d)
b) Retina                                              20. (d)
c) Optic Disc                                          21. (d)
d) Rods                                                22. (c)
e) Cones                                               23. (a)
                                                       24. (a) (b) (e)
                                                       25. (a) (c) (e)
                                                       26. (a)
                                                       27. (c)
                                                       28. (d)
                                                       29. (b)
                                                       30. (e)
                                                       31. (a)
                                                       32. (b) (d)
                                                       33. (b)
                                         EARS TASTE AND SMELL

1. What moves to cause the oval window to move
the fluid in the inner ear in the cochlea - which       8. What do the circumvallate papillae contain
gives sense of sound?                                   receptors for?
a) Stapes                                               a) Taste
b) Malleous                                             b) Equilibrium
c) Vestibule                                            c) Hearing
d) Incus                                                d) Smell
e) Organ of Cochlea
                                                        9. What are the receptors in the utricle and saccule
2. What do the auditory tubes join?                     structures made of?
a) Middle Ear to back of Nose                           a) hair cells embedded in jelly like membrane
b) Eardrum to Cochlea                                   b) bone
c) Pinna to Eardrum                                     c) semicircular canals
d) Eardrum to Vestibularcochlear Nerve                  d) snail like canals

3. The middle Ear is filled with what?                  10. How many semicircular canals are there?
a) Air                                                  a) 5
b) Wax                                                  b) 3
c) Fluid                                                c) 4
d) Elbow                                                d) 2

4. What are the scala tympani and scala vestibuli a     11. Where are the semicircular canals found?
part of?                                                a) inner ear
a) cochlea                                              b) cochlea
b) middle ear                                           c) pinna
c) inner ear                                            d) middle ear
d) vestibule                                            e) vestibule
e) organ of corti
                                                        12. High frequency sounds cause what changes in
5. Olfactory sensations go to the brain by which        the basilar membrane?
cranial nerve?                                          a) Bend membrane close to oval window
a) #2                                                   b) permanent damage
b) #1                                                   c) partial hearing damage
c) #3                                                   d) Bend membrane close to round window
d) #10
e) #8                                                   13. What do the semicircular canals do?
                                                        a) help with equilibrium
6. Where is the organ of corti found?                   b) help with low frequency sounds
a) Cochlea                                              c) help with balance
b) Semicircular Canals                                  d) help with high frequency sounds
c) Vestibule
d) Ossicles                                             14. What does the utricle and saccule (inside
                                                        vestibule) monitor?
7. How do throat infections travel to the middle ear?   a) equilibrium
a) Vestibularcochlear Nerve                             b) low frequency sound
b) Through External Auditory Canal                      c) balance
c) Through the Eustachian Tubes                         d) high frequency sound
d) Gravity                                              e) all sound
15. What is the gelatinous material in contact with
the hair cells of the cochlea (spiral organ) called?
a) Scala Vestibuli
b) Organ of Corti
c) Tectorial Membrane
d) Basilar Membrane
e) Scala Tympani

16. What nerve takes the impulse from the
semicircular canals?
a) #7
b) #10
c) #6
d) #8
e) #9

17. Where are ossicles found?
a) Middle Ear
b) Auditory Tube
c) Cochlea
d) Inner Ear
e) Vestibule



----------Key----------

1. (a)
2. (a)
3. (a)
4. (a) (c)
5. (b)
6. (a)
7. (c)
8. (a)
9. (a)
10. (b)
11. (a)
12. (a)
13. (a) (c)
14. (a) (c)
15. (c)
16. (d)
17. (a)

								
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