Jesus' Disciples

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					          Jesus’ Disciples - Peter
- Always listed first; most vocal and outgoing
- Strong personality, brash and arrogant
- Mt. 16 – confesses Jesus as the Christ; Jesus promises
    to build His church around Peter
-   Mt. 16 – tries to persuade Jesus NOT to suffer & die; is
    rebuked as “Satan”
-   Mt. 26 – promises to stand by Jesus even to the death;
    three times denies knowing Jesus
-   Jn. 18 – draws his sword and strikes out when the
    soldiers arrest Jesus
-   Jn. 21 – after the resurrection, affirmed as the leader of
    the early church, the shepherd for Jesus’ sheep
-   Faithfully serves Christ the rest of his life; spreads the
    Gospel; leads the Church; is crucified upside-down by
    Caesar
        Jesus’ Disciples - Andrew
- Jn. 1 – follows Jesus immediately after His baptism
- Jn. 1 – tells his brother Simon (Peter) that he has “found
    the Messiah”; brings Peter to Jesus
-   Soon supplanted by his brother Simon – Andrew is rarely
    mentioned in any of the Gospels
-   Overshadowed by his dominant brother Simon Peter
-   Carries the Gospel to Asia (Afghanistan, India); martyred
    by crucifixion
Jesus’ Disciples – James & John
- Sons of Zebedee; also called Sons of Thunder
- Apparently from a wealthy family – their father was not
    just a fisherman, but had servants as well; John has
    contacts inside the Sanhedrin
-   Lk. 9 - Ask to call down fire from heaven against Jesus’
    opponents
-   Mk. 10 – Ask to sit at Jesus’ right and left hands in His
    glory
-   Misunderstand the mission of Christ; ambitious; self-
    seeking; vengeful
-   John: probably died a natural death; lived into his 90s
-   James: killed by King Herod (Acts 12)
          Jesus’ Disciples - Philip
- The only Greek Jew
- Timid – always approaches Jesus through another
    disciple (usually Andrew)
-   NOT the same Philip as Philip the Evangelist (Acts 8)
 Jesus’ Disciples - Bartholomew
- Perhaps the same as Nathanael in John 1
- An invisible disciple – rarely mentioned; never in a
  prominent position
       Jesus’ Disciples - Thomas
- The doubter – refuses to believe in Jesus’ resurrection
    until he sees Jesus with his own eyes
-   Confused – John 14:5 - admits not understanding where
    Jesus is going or what He is doing
-   Like an agnostic – verbally and openly admits to not
    understanding and not knowing and not believing
Jesus’ Disciples – Matthew & Simon

- Matthew: a tax collector
- Simon: a Zealot – anti-Roman revolutionary; Zealots
    despised Jews who were co-operating with the Roman
    authorities, like tax collectors
-   A tax collector & a Zealot would be natural enemies, not
    friends; yet Jesus calls both to follow Him together!
-   Natural enmity or hatred are meaningless amongst
    Jesus’ disciples; Jesus is the Lord of all
         Jesus’ Disciples – James &
                     Thaddaeus
- Almost totally unknown; never appear in prominence or
    mentioned individually
-   Thaddaeus is also called Judas son of James in Luke’s
    list of the disciples
-   James is distinguished from James the son of Zebedee
    (John’s brother) by being called James the son of
    Alphaeus
              Jesus’ Disciples
Matthew 10: Simon Peter, Andrew, James son of
     Zebedee & John, Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas,
     Matthew, James son of Alphaeus, Thaddaeus,
     Simon the Zealot, Judas Iscariot
Mark 3: Simon Peter, Andrew, James son of Zebedee
     & John, Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthew,
     James son of Alphaeus, Thaddaeus, Simon the
     Zealot, Judas Iscariot
Luke 6: Simon Peter, Andrew, James son of Zebedee
     & John, Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthew,
     James son of Alphaeus, Judas son of James,
     Simon the Zealot, Judas Iscariot
          Jesus’ Disciples - Judas
- Judas Iscariot – probably the only Judean disciple
- Betrays Jesus to the soldiers to be arrested in return for
    30 silver pieces; method of betrayal is a kiss
-   Grief-stricken and guilt-ridden after Jesus’ trial
-   Commits suicide
    Jesus’ Disciples – A Summary
- Natural enemies (Matthew & Simon the Zealot)
- Overshadowed & unknown disciples (Andrew,
    Thaddaeus, Bartholomew, James son of Alphaeus)
-   Violent-tempered men (James son of Zebedee, John,
    Peter)
-   A traitor (Judas)
-   Confused doubters (Thomas)
-   Shy men (Philip)
-   Proud, ambitious men (Peter, James son of Zebedee,
    John)
- People a lot like us in their imperfect service of Christ

				
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posted:9/16/2011
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