Answer the questions called “Analyzing
Graphs” on p. 8 of your textbook…
Wish Malachi Lowe a Happy Birthday and
tell him to get good grades ha ha
Answer the “Cultutral Diversity” question
with the picture on p. 11. Use complete
Please complete the questions with the
“Time Political Cartoon” on p. 12.
Unit 1: Your Government & You
What is this class?
First: What is a
Is it an imaginary line around
Is it people with similar culture?
What do you think?
1: an indefinite usually extended
expanse of land : region <miles
of open country>
2 a: the land of a person's birth,
residence, or citizenship b: a
political state or nation or its
3 a: the people of a state or
district : populace b: jury
c: electorate 2
Questions to Ponder….
1. What is government?
Definition, Purpose, Responsibilities, Forms
2. What is a citizen?
Definition, Purpose, Responsibilities
What is citizenship?
3. What is Civics?
Definition, Purpose, Responsibilities
4. Why require a civics course?
People, as rational animals, see submission to
a government dominated by a sovereign as
preferable to anarchy.
What is government?
“the ruling power in a political society.”
Anarchy, Democracy, Despotism,
Dictatorship, Monarchy, Theocracy…
Fundamental purpose is the basic
security and public order of its people.
Hobbes’ Social Contract Theory: a
balance between Freedom and Security.
Ex) Airports and Airplanes.
What is a government?
List what the
government does for
you and what.
Why do people think
the word “authority”
is a dirty word?
Isn’t it needed in a
What would life be
“The rise and fall of a nation rests with
every one of its citizens.” – Chinese
What is a citizen?
“A native or naturalized member of a
nation who owes allegiance to its
government and is entitled to its
Citizens of America enjoy all the rights
and responsibilities afforded by the
Who is this?
membership in a society,
that of a city or town but
now usually for a
country) and carries with
it rights to political
What about civics?
“A different world cannot be built by
indifferent people.” – Horace Mann
The study of citizenship and government
and their partnership with special
attention to the role of the citizen.
Idea began with Plato in Ancient Greece
and Confucius in Ancient China.
Make a list of what you think civics is?
Civics- is the study of citizenship
and government with particular
attention given to the role of citizens
Why are we here…in Civics?
"We are bound by ideals that teach us
what it means to be citizens. Every child
must be taught these ideals. Every citizen
must uphold them.... I ask you to be
citizens. Citizens, not spectators. Citizens,
not subjects. Responsible citizens building
communities of service and a nation of
character." - George W. Bush (2001).
Is being an active citizen important in a
Importance of Civics…
"The tyranny of a prince is not so
dangerous to the public welfare as the
apathy of a citizen in a democracy." -
Democracy is like blowing your nose. You
may not do it well, but it's something you
ought to do yourself.
Four Functions of Gov’t:
1. Keep Order
2. Provide Security
3. Provide Services
4. Guide the Community (public policy)
Dictatorship vs. Democracy
Depends on who has the power
What type of government is
U.S. is a Federal Republic:
Federal: National gov’t shares power.
Republic: Elected representatives vote for
Three Levels of Gov’t:
Three Levels of Gov’t
5 Principles of American
1. Rule of Law: no one is above the law.
2. Limited Government: minimal gov’t
involvement in private matters.
3. Consent of the Governed: citizens agree
4. Individual Rights: gained by just being
human (e.g., food, shelter)
5. Representative Gov’t: “Reps” are chosen
to speak for citizens.
Above all else, remember….
We are a “Government of the people, by
the people, and for the people”
What is our goal in this class?
To make you all informed
citizens who are engaged
in your community and
world. Maybe even
influence the all
important election and
policy decisions that you
can’t vote in yet.
This is called political
power which you already
have but do not realize.