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JAMAICADOWNTOWN KINGSTON REDEVELOPMENT

VIEWS: 250 PAGES: 18

									JAMAICA
          DOWNTOWN
          KINGSTON
          REDEVELOPMENT
INTERNATIONAL CONTEXT




 Location: Island in the Caribbean Sea, south of Miami Florida
 Co-ordinates: 18 15N, 77 30 W
   REGIONAL CONTEXT
UNITED
STATES
         Port Canaveral                            ATLANTIC    OCEAN


           Fort Lauderdale

          Miami

  Key West                   THE BAHAMAS


                                           TURKS AND
                                           CAICOS
                    CUBA



                                     HAITI    DOMINICAN
                                              REPUBLIC    PUERTO   US.VIRGIN
                                                          RICO     ISLANDS BRITISH
               JAMAICA                                                       VIRGIN
                                                                             ISLANDS



  CARIBBEAN               SEA
NATIONAL CONTEXT
Introduction

As a regional centre for trade and commerce Kingston has historically influenced the development
and character of Jamaica. These factors which have shaped the development of the city are, today,
as relevant in its redevelopment as they were in its historical moulding. Of importance too is the
capital city status which naturally defines the nation in multiple ways – as seat of government,
financial centre, cultural centre, industrial centre and gateway to the country. The sensibilities and
aspirations of the nation are measured by the character of the capital city.

As the nation’s capital, the physical, social and economic state of downtown Kingston have fallen
short in meeting the needs and defining the aspirations of the Jamaican people. The urban
environment of downtown Kingston is characterized by high levels of decay, and degradation of
the physical landscape; inadequate infrastructure, and social services, poor housing conditions
and high levels of poverty and social disorder.

Kingston can, with focused planning and skillful execution of a relevantly designed master plan,
be transformed into a highly productive environment that will foster economic and social
development befitting a progressive country. Post independence Governments have preoccupied
themselves with the pursuit of this goal with reasonably fair success, beset by internal and external
factors that have constrained expending of capital resources required to realize full implementation
of numerous redevelopment plans

It is the intention of the current political administration and government to aggressively pursue
the preparation of a redevelopment master plan, and execution of key elements of it that will
catalyze continuous development at an even and productive pace, to achieve sustained physical,
environmental and socio-economic improvements, within a framework of urban development
policies that will encourage private sector participation and will promote social equability and
order.

The Urban Development Corporation (UDC) has undertaken the government’s charge of revisiting
the 1968 Kingston Waterfront Redevelopment Master Plan and subsequent redevelopment plans
to generate a new and relevant plan that will guide sustainable redevelopment of downtown
Kingston and Port Royal.


Background

The downtown Kingston redevelopment programme was initiated by the UDC in the late 1960s
when the British based company Shankland-Cox was engaged to prepare a redevelopment plan
for the Kingston waterfront area. The waterfront redevelopment programme was undertaken
utilizing the available GOJ and private investment resources. The main traffic artery of the project
– Ocean Boulevard was completed; a 200-room hotel and conference centre were constructed
along with substantial office and residential developments and supporting infrastructure projects.
During the 1990s the plan was revisited through the establishment of the Kingston Restoration
Company (KRC). The KRC commissioned several studies and prepared a master plan for (the
redevelopment of) downtown Kingston – Vision 2020. The KRC undertook and carried out some
aspects of the master plan, particularly the King Street Corridor Extension which included the
restoration of some buildings for private and pubic use. In the late 1990s the UDC once again,
with the support from the relevant public sector authorities, spearheaded another initiative to
stimulate the economy of downtown Kingston through the launching of a Tax Incentive Programme
(TIP) envisioned to facilitate the development in urban areas defined as “blighted”.

Following on the TIP, in December 2002, the Prime Minister of Jamaica instructed that the Kingston
Redevelopment Committee be formed to assess the Vision 2020 study document and other existing
redevelopment plans to determine their respective relevance in terms of providing the proper
framework for the regeneration of downtown Kingston as a vibrant economic unit. The Committee
made several recommendations, amongst which was the establishment of a Business Improvement
District (BID).

The UDC, in furtherance of its commitment to the redevelopment of downtown Kingston and in
light of the renewed thrust by the current political administration proposes to undertake, through
alliances with local and international private sector developers, foreign Governments and local
and international agencies, several development projects inter-related with the recommended
initiatives to spearhead the urban renewal process.



Downtown Kingston is potentially the most active growth centre of both public and private
investment and job creation in the Kingston Metropolitan Area. Available public infrastructure,
accommodating development incentive packages, along with advantageous rental rates and strong
office space demand are making downtown the choice for new development. Between 2000 and
2007 more than J$750 million in private property investment alone has flowed into downtown for
the renovation of existing buildings and the construction of new space. Additionally, the public
sector is poised to spend more than J$20 billion on public improvements between 2008 and 2010.

Downtown is anchored by significant cultural, economic and governmental institutions including
the Bank of Jamaica, Parliament, Supreme Court, National Gallery of Art, the Ward Theatre, the
Jamaica Conference Centre and Oceana Hotel and the Kingston Harbour waterfront. It is also
home to some of the largest private corporations in the country.
Examples are:

Financial Institutions and Accounting Firms

       First Caribbean International Bank
       Bank of Nova Scotia
       National Commercial Bank
       First Global Bank
       Price Waterhouse
       Peat Marwick
Retail and Distribution:
        Grace Kennedy and Company Limited
        Swiss Stores
        Ammars
        Musson Jamaica Limited

Others:

          Air Jamaica
          West Indies Home Contractors Limited
          Shipping Association of Jamaica
          Gleaner Company Limited
          Jamaica Chamber of Commerce

The Government’s commitment to downtown is evidenced by the fact that relocation of government
agencies has begun with the Foreign Ministry’s move to commence construction of its headquarter
in 2009, for completion by 2011; commissioning of planning for construction of a new Parliament
building to commence in 2009 and completed in 2011, among many other public works planned
or being undertaken at this time.


Redevelopment Goals and Objectives

The broad redevelopment goals are to:
     Arrest physical & social blight
     Improve economic and social conditions
     Define capital city status and the seat of Government
     Improve physical development infrastructure
     Create impetus for public/private investments

The UDC expects that the activities related to and emanating from the proposed development
projects will work in conjunction with other initiatives to stimulate renewed interest and increased
economic vibrancy in the downtown Kingston region. This new economic vibrancy will:

             Lead to increases in income and employment generation
             Raise the standard of living of the affected persons
             Create demand and expanded spending and consumption which will provide a basis
             for urban regeneration, economic growth and human development
AERIAL VIEW OF KINGSTON
Redevelopment Strategy

The strategy for realizing the plan includes:

     Accelerate public sector workers and businesses repopulation and concentration in the
     downtown area to provide critical mass required to catalyzed redevelopment
     Expand the redevelopment area boundary to net in critical entities to influence momentum
     of the process
               Eastern limit to Paradise Street
               Southern limit across the Kingston Harbour to Port Royal
               Western limit to Industrial Terrace, and
               Northern limit to Heroes Park
               Pursue public private partnership funding of specific projects

     Utilize entertainment and recreation as a catalyst to attract local population back downtown
     Include non-traditional participants including members of the diplomatic mission to broaden
     involvement in shaping diverse interests
     Undertake development on lands and physical infrastructure that are unencumbered and
     available for immediate development within the framework of the plan.


Brief Description of the Redevelopment Plan

*West Kingston Market District (ZONE IV) – The Oxford Market Project is proposed to replace
and revitalize the existing West Kingston Redevelopment Project. The original project was
formulated to upgrade the three existing agricultural markets along West Queen Street and build
a new fourth market. The intention of this project is to relocate vendors from the Parade to a
sanitary and securable environment. Its second purpose is to improve the commercial environment
of the business districts and hopefully attract a greater market.

The strategy is to start the project by developing on the West Queen Street Mall carrying on into
the east wing of the new market. This is intended to provide an orderly westward progression
of vendor relocation culminating with the eventual build-out of the new market and the connection
of the commercial corridor with the new bus terminus and railroad to the south

*Kingston Waterfront Festival Marketplace (ZONE II) – Located at the western end of the inner
harbour and across Port Royal Street from the Transportation Centre, the planned Business Centre
and Kingston Mall, the Festival Marketplace will unite these many fine components into a world-
class tourist conference destination. The Festival Market place constitutes an attractive private
sector venture with considerable market appeals and minimal need for additional public expenditure.

Festival markets are commonly included in urban renewal plans because of their ability to attract
new markets (tourists) and re-attract former customers (suburban population) back downtown.
*Multi-Modal Transportation Hub (ZONE II) – The west edge of the downtown Kingston district
has the potential of becoming a major multi-modal transportation hub. Located along this corridor
are the West Kingston markets at the north and connecting southward to the existing west side
bus terminal. These bus terminals are located immediately south of the Kingston Rail Terminal.
 Work has already begun on this project. A further phase is planned to respond to future increased
commuter traffic.
*Ward Theatre Cultural Square (ZONE V) - Jamaica is widely recognized for its cultural tradition
and its uniquely talented population. The realization of a symbol of national culture celebrating
this great legacy is urgently needed to demonstrate unity among metropolitan and downtown
residents. Discussions have been underway for some time exploring the possibility of developing
a Cultural Centre in Kingston, Jamaica’s capital city. The location and timeliness of the centre are
potentially of great benefit to the redevelopment of downtown Kingston. Already, plans are
advanced for construction of the Simon Bolivar Cultural Centre on the edge of the planned square.

*The Business Centre (ZONE I) – A consolidation of existing office and retail commercial activities
on the Kingston Mall, adjacent to the Festival Marketplace and the Transportation Hub. This will
comprise a mix of high rise offices, high income residential, parking and institutional uses. The
centre is strategically positioned to encourage the relocation of government and private offices
back downtown and to provide the critical mass required to provide impetus for other related
types of developments.

*A 200-Room Hotel and Conference Centre (ZONE VIII) - The 200-room Oceana Hotel was built
during the redevelopment of the Kingston Waterfront in the 1970s. In the 1990s it was converted
to a government office building. Consideration is to return it to the use of a hotel and merge it
with the Jamaica Conference Centre to form a conference community, as part of a larger financial
and Foreign Mission District.

*Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade Headquarters (ZONE VIII) – The Foreign Affairs
Ministry will be the first large government ministry to relocate downtown and to construct a
completely new headquarters. The site of the headquarters is part of a planned foreign mission
district, intended to house foreign embassies.

*Kingston Harbour Bridge –In order to enhance and modernize the road network and transport
links between Kingston and the Norman Manley International Airport and historic Port Royal,
the UDC plans to construct a modern tolled causeway. This provides excellent public/private
sector opportunities similar to those offered by the Trans Jamaican-operated Highway 2000 toll
road network.

*Railway Museum & Trade Centre Jamaica (ZONE III) –had the first railway service in the Western
Hemisphere. The rail service has contributed significantly to the development of the national
economy and has influenced Jamaican culture for centuries. Increasing trade and the Government’s
growing pursuit of entrepreneurship as a means of expanding the economy have resulted in
greater demand for light manufacturing infrastructure. The planned trade centre is appropriately
located in close proximity to the transportation centre and market district. It therefore represents
a significant public/private investment opportunity.
*City Centre Park (ZONE VI) - The St. William Grant city centre park embodies the rich social
history of the evolution of Kingston. It represents the birthplace of modern political parties and
trade unions and is the singular gathering place in downtown for passive recreation and
entertainment. Opportunities exist for re-developing this park to include modern amenities
and appropriate exhibition of its historical significance, architecturally.
 *New Parliament Building (ZONE V) - The Jamaican Government has undertaken to build a new
Parliament building to improve the efficient management and accommodation of the Legislature.
The new Parliament building will replace the single chamber Gordon House which was hastily
built to accommodate the first Independent Government in 1962. It will be located on the symbolic
land-water axis leading from the Kingston Harbour through Justice Square, City Centre Park and
Ward Theatre Square. The building will be designed to embody and convey the sensibilities and
aspirations of the Jamaican people and celebrate the nation’s long and outstanding traditions and
ideals of democracy. Location of the Parliament building downtown confirms Government’s
commitment to the revitalization of the capital city

*Justice Square
Jamaica is a nation of laws. Jamaicans have historically settled their disputes by yielding to a well
established judicial system, comprising magistrate, supreme and appellate courts. In keeping with
the current judicial reform process, it is intended to consolidate the supreme and appellate court
infrastructure around a newly defined Justice Square within its historical precincts. Opportunity
exists for Government to Government partnership in developing new and expanded judicial
infrastructure.

Conclusion

The Urban Development Corporation has a record for achieving major urban transformation and
development projects efficiently and effectively, singularly and in conjunction with local and
international partners. Redevelopment of downtown Kingston is of the highest priority of the
current Government, which is committed to fostering an investment climate that will facilitate
mutual benefits to local and international investors who are interested in participating in this
redevelopment project.

Notwithstanding external shocks that will impact the pace of recovery of the Jamaican economy,
based on current international trends for small states, there are signs that the strategy for long-
term recovery, being pursued by the Government and the private sector will result in positive
growth.

It is against this background that the project DOWNTOWN KINGSTON REDEVELOPMENT
is being presented with invitation for participation by local and international interests.
         DOWNTOWN KINGSTON REDEVELOPMENT AREA
                     BOUNDARIES


The boundaries of the development area are as follows:

Eastern Boundary
From the western corner of the northern boundary fence of Wolmer’s Boys School travelling east
to its junction with Marescaux Road then south to Connolly Avenue, then east to South Camp
Road, then south to Norman Road and travelling east to Elletson Road then south to Windward
Road then east along Windward Road to Paradise Street and south along Paradise Street to the
sea.



Western Boundary
From the western corner of the northern boundary fence of Wolmer’s Boys School and moving
in a northerly direction along its western boundary to the road then moving in a westerly direction
to Orange Street then south to North Street, west along North Street to the western boundary of
the Kingston Public Hospital, then westerly to West Street then north west along Spanish Town
Road to Darling Street then north westerly along the south western boundary of the Tivoli Gardens
Community to Industrial Terrace then south west along Industrial Terrace to the sea.
KINGSTON REDEVELOPMENT PLAN
                     Greater Development Boundary




                                         Heroes Park




                                                       Sabina Park

            Kingston Public Hospital


    Tivoli Gardens


                             St. William Grant
                                    Park




                                                                     Manley Meadows
    MASTER PLAN DEVELOPMENT ZONES




Zone II - Transportation Centre
Zone III - Railway Lands Development
Zone IV - Market District
Zone V - Music and Cultural Village
Zone VI - King Street Corridor
Zone VII - Harbour Street Corridor
Zone VIII - International Finance Centre
Zone IX - Cultural Village
Zone X - Retail/Office Commercial Renovation
SCHEDULE OF PROPOSED PROJECTS
 1.    MULTIMODAL TRANSPORTATION CENTRE
 2.    FESTIVAL MARKET PLACE & WATERFRONT PROMENADE
 3.    BUSINESS CENTRE
 4.    200 ROOM HOTEL & CONFERENCE CENTRE
 5.    MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS & FOREIGN TRADE HEADQUARTERS
 6.    KINGSTON HARBOUR BRIDGE
 7.    WEST KINGSTON MARKET DISTRICT
 8.    RAILWAY MUSEUM & TRADE CENTRE
 9.    CITY CENTRE & PARK
 10.   PROPOSED CULTURAL SQUARE
 11.   NEW PARLIAMENT BUILDING
 12.   JUSTICE SQUARE ( HIGH COURT)
 13.   RENOVATION OF EXISTING BUILDINGS ON WATERFRONT
 14.   HOUSING
2008-2012 PROPOSED PROJECTS
2008-2012 PHASING PLAN
                              DOWNTOWN KINGSTON REDEVELOPMENT




12 Ocean Boulevard, Kingston Mall, Jamaica W.I. Telephone: (876) 922-8310-4. Telefax: (876) 922-9326 Email: info@udcja.com Website: www.udcja.com

								
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