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JAMAICA DOWNTOWN KINGSTON REDEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL CONTEXT Location: Island in the Caribbean Sea, south of Miami Florida Co-ordinates: 18 15N, 77 30 W REGIONAL CONTEXT UNITED STATES Port Canaveral ATLANTIC OCEAN Fort Lauderdale Miami Key West THE BAHAMAS TURKS AND CAICOS CUBA HAITI DOMINICAN REPUBLIC PUERTO US.VIRGIN RICO ISLANDS BRITISH JAMAICA VIRGIN ISLANDS CARIBBEAN SEA NATIONAL CONTEXT Introduction As a regional centre for trade and commerce Kingston has historically influenced the development and character of Jamaica. These factors which have shaped the development of the city are, today, as relevant in its redevelopment as they were in its historical moulding. Of importance too is the capital city status which naturally defines the nation in multiple ways – as seat of government, financial centre, cultural centre, industrial centre and gateway to the country. The sensibilities and aspirations of the nation are measured by the character of the capital city. As the nation’s capital, the physical, social and economic state of downtown Kingston have fallen short in meeting the needs and defining the aspirations of the Jamaican people. The urban environment of downtown Kingston is characterized by high levels of decay, and degradation of the physical landscape; inadequate infrastructure, and social services, poor housing conditions and high levels of poverty and social disorder. Kingston can, with focused planning and skillful execution of a relevantly designed master plan, be transformed into a highly productive environment that will foster economic and social development befitting a progressive country. Post independence Governments have preoccupied themselves with the pursuit of this goal with reasonably fair success, beset by internal and external factors that have constrained expending of capital resources required to realize full implementation of numerous redevelopment plans It is the intention of the current political administration and government to aggressively pursue the preparation of a redevelopment master plan, and execution of key elements of it that will catalyze continuous development at an even and productive pace, to achieve sustained physical, environmental and socio-economic improvements, within a framework of urban development policies that will encourage private sector participation and will promote social equability and order. The Urban Development Corporation (UDC) has undertaken the government’s charge of revisiting the 1968 Kingston Waterfront Redevelopment Master Plan and subsequent redevelopment plans to generate a new and relevant plan that will guide sustainable redevelopment of downtown Kingston and Port Royal. Background The downtown Kingston redevelopment programme was initiated by the UDC in the late 1960s when the British based company Shankland-Cox was engaged to prepare a redevelopment plan for the Kingston waterfront area. The waterfront redevelopment programme was undertaken utilizing the available GOJ and private investment resources. The main traffic artery of the project – Ocean Boulevard was completed; a 200-room hotel and conference centre were constructed along with substantial office and residential developments and supporting infrastructure projects. During the 1990s the plan was revisited through the establishment of the Kingston Restoration Company (KRC). The KRC commissioned several studies and prepared a master plan for (the redevelopment of) downtown Kingston – Vision 2020. The KRC undertook and carried out some aspects of the master plan, particularly the King Street Corridor Extension which included the restoration of some buildings for private and pubic use. In the late 1990s the UDC once again, with the support from the relevant public sector authorities, spearheaded another initiative to stimulate the economy of downtown Kingston through the launching of a Tax Incentive Programme (TIP) envisioned to facilitate the development in urban areas defined as “blighted”. Following on the TIP, in December 2002, the Prime Minister of Jamaica instructed that the Kingston Redevelopment Committee be formed to assess the Vision 2020 study document and other existing redevelopment plans to determine their respective relevance in terms of providing the proper framework for the regeneration of downtown Kingston as a vibrant economic unit. The Committee made several recommendations, amongst which was the establishment of a Business Improvement District (BID). The UDC, in furtherance of its commitment to the redevelopment of downtown Kingston and in light of the renewed thrust by the current political administration proposes to undertake, through alliances with local and international private sector developers, foreign Governments and local and international agencies, several development projects inter-related with the recommended initiatives to spearhead the urban renewal process. Downtown Kingston is potentially the most active growth centre of both public and private investment and job creation in the Kingston Metropolitan Area. Available public infrastructure, accommodating development incentive packages, along with advantageous rental rates and strong office space demand are making downtown the choice for new development. Between 2000 and 2007 more than J$750 million in private property investment alone has flowed into downtown for the renovation of existing buildings and the construction of new space. Additionally, the public sector is poised to spend more than J$20 billion on public improvements between 2008 and 2010. Downtown is anchored by significant cultural, economic and governmental institutions including the Bank of Jamaica, Parliament, Supreme Court, National Gallery of Art, the Ward Theatre, the Jamaica Conference Centre and Oceana Hotel and the Kingston Harbour waterfront. It is also home to some of the largest private corporations in the country. Examples are: Financial Institutions and Accounting Firms First Caribbean International Bank Bank of Nova Scotia National Commercial Bank First Global Bank Price Waterhouse Peat Marwick Retail and Distribution: Grace Kennedy and Company Limited Swiss Stores Ammars Musson Jamaica Limited Others: Air Jamaica West Indies Home Contractors Limited Shipping Association of Jamaica Gleaner Company Limited Jamaica Chamber of Commerce The Government’s commitment to downtown is evidenced by the fact that relocation of government agencies has begun with the Foreign Ministry’s move to commence construction of its headquarter in 2009, for completion by 2011; commissioning of planning for construction of a new Parliament building to commence in 2009 and completed in 2011, among many other public works planned or being undertaken at this time. Redevelopment Goals and Objectives The broad redevelopment goals are to: Arrest physical & social blight Improve economic and social conditions Define capital city status and the seat of Government Improve physical development infrastructure Create impetus for public/private investments The UDC expects that the activities related to and emanating from the proposed development projects will work in conjunction with other initiatives to stimulate renewed interest and increased economic vibrancy in the downtown Kingston region. This new economic vibrancy will: Lead to increases in income and employment generation Raise the standard of living of the affected persons Create demand and expanded spending and consumption which will provide a basis for urban regeneration, economic growth and human development AERIAL VIEW OF KINGSTON Redevelopment Strategy The strategy for realizing the plan includes: Accelerate public sector workers and businesses repopulation and concentration in the downtown area to provide critical mass required to catalyzed redevelopment Expand the redevelopment area boundary to net in critical entities to influence momentum of the process Eastern limit to Paradise Street Southern limit across the Kingston Harbour to Port Royal Western limit to Industrial Terrace, and Northern limit to Heroes Park Pursue public private partnership funding of specific projects Utilize entertainment and recreation as a catalyst to attract local population back downtown Include non-traditional participants including members of the diplomatic mission to broaden involvement in shaping diverse interests Undertake development on lands and physical infrastructure that are unencumbered and available for immediate development within the framework of the plan. Brief Description of the Redevelopment Plan *West Kingston Market District (ZONE IV) – The Oxford Market Project is proposed to replace and revitalize the existing West Kingston Redevelopment Project. The original project was formulated to upgrade the three existing agricultural markets along West Queen Street and build a new fourth market. The intention of this project is to relocate vendors from the Parade to a sanitary and securable environment. Its second purpose is to improve the commercial environment of the business districts and hopefully attract a greater market. The strategy is to start the project by developing on the West Queen Street Mall carrying on into the east wing of the new market. This is intended to provide an orderly westward progression of vendor relocation culminating with the eventual build-out of the new market and the connection of the commercial corridor with the new bus terminus and railroad to the south *Kingston Waterfront Festival Marketplace (ZONE II) – Located at the western end of the inner harbour and across Port Royal Street from the Transportation Centre, the planned Business Centre and Kingston Mall, the Festival Marketplace will unite these many fine components into a world- class tourist conference destination. The Festival Market place constitutes an attractive private sector venture with considerable market appeals and minimal need for additional public expenditure. Festival markets are commonly included in urban renewal plans because of their ability to attract new markets (tourists) and re-attract former customers (suburban population) back downtown. *Multi-Modal Transportation Hub (ZONE II) – The west edge of the downtown Kingston district has the potential of becoming a major multi-modal transportation hub. Located along this corridor are the West Kingston markets at the north and connecting southward to the existing west side bus terminal. These bus terminals are located immediately south of the Kingston Rail Terminal. Work has already begun on this project. A further phase is planned to respond to future increased commuter traffic. *Ward Theatre Cultural Square (ZONE V) - Jamaica is widely recognized for its cultural tradition and its uniquely talented population. The realization of a symbol of national culture celebrating this great legacy is urgently needed to demonstrate unity among metropolitan and downtown residents. Discussions have been underway for some time exploring the possibility of developing a Cultural Centre in Kingston, Jamaica’s capital city. The location and timeliness of the centre are potentially of great benefit to the redevelopment of downtown Kingston. Already, plans are advanced for construction of the Simon Bolivar Cultural Centre on the edge of the planned square. *The Business Centre (ZONE I) – A consolidation of existing office and retail commercial activities on the Kingston Mall, adjacent to the Festival Marketplace and the Transportation Hub. This will comprise a mix of high rise offices, high income residential, parking and institutional uses. The centre is strategically positioned to encourage the relocation of government and private offices back downtown and to provide the critical mass required to provide impetus for other related types of developments. *A 200-Room Hotel and Conference Centre (ZONE VIII) - The 200-room Oceana Hotel was built during the redevelopment of the Kingston Waterfront in the 1970s. In the 1990s it was converted to a government office building. Consideration is to return it to the use of a hotel and merge it with the Jamaica Conference Centre to form a conference community, as part of a larger financial and Foreign Mission District. *Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade Headquarters (ZONE VIII) – The Foreign Affairs Ministry will be the first large government ministry to relocate downtown and to construct a completely new headquarters. The site of the headquarters is part of a planned foreign mission district, intended to house foreign embassies. *Kingston Harbour Bridge –In order to enhance and modernize the road network and transport links between Kingston and the Norman Manley International Airport and historic Port Royal, the UDC plans to construct a modern tolled causeway. This provides excellent public/private sector opportunities similar to those offered by the Trans Jamaican-operated Highway 2000 toll road network. *Railway Museum & Trade Centre Jamaica (ZONE III) –had the first railway service in the Western Hemisphere. The rail service has contributed significantly to the development of the national economy and has influenced Jamaican culture for centuries. Increasing trade and the Government’s growing pursuit of entrepreneurship as a means of expanding the economy have resulted in greater demand for light manufacturing infrastructure. The planned trade centre is appropriately located in close proximity to the transportation centre and market district. It therefore represents a significant public/private investment opportunity. *City Centre Park (ZONE VI) - The St. William Grant city centre park embodies the rich social history of the evolution of Kingston. It represents the birthplace of modern political parties and trade unions and is the singular gathering place in downtown for passive recreation and entertainment. Opportunities exist for re-developing this park to include modern amenities and appropriate exhibition of its historical significance, architecturally. *New Parliament Building (ZONE V) - The Jamaican Government has undertaken to build a new Parliament building to improve the efficient management and accommodation of the Legislature. The new Parliament building will replace the single chamber Gordon House which was hastily built to accommodate the first Independent Government in 1962. It will be located on the symbolic land-water axis leading from the Kingston Harbour through Justice Square, City Centre Park and Ward Theatre Square. The building will be designed to embody and convey the sensibilities and aspirations of the Jamaican people and celebrate the nation’s long and outstanding traditions and ideals of democracy. Location of the Parliament building downtown confirms Government’s commitment to the revitalization of the capital city *Justice Square Jamaica is a nation of laws. Jamaicans have historically settled their disputes by yielding to a well established judicial system, comprising magistrate, supreme and appellate courts. In keeping with the current judicial reform process, it is intended to consolidate the supreme and appellate court infrastructure around a newly defined Justice Square within its historical precincts. Opportunity exists for Government to Government partnership in developing new and expanded judicial infrastructure. Conclusion The Urban Development Corporation has a record for achieving major urban transformation and development projects efficiently and effectively, singularly and in conjunction with local and international partners. Redevelopment of downtown Kingston is of the highest priority of the current Government, which is committed to fostering an investment climate that will facilitate mutual benefits to local and international investors who are interested in participating in this redevelopment project. Notwithstanding external shocks that will impact the pace of recovery of the Jamaican economy, based on current international trends for small states, there are signs that the strategy for long- term recovery, being pursued by the Government and the private sector will result in positive growth. It is against this background that the project DOWNTOWN KINGSTON REDEVELOPMENT is being presented with invitation for participation by local and international interests. DOWNTOWN KINGSTON REDEVELOPMENT AREA BOUNDARIES The boundaries of the development area are as follows: Eastern Boundary From the western corner of the northern boundary fence of Wolmer’s Boys School travelling east to its junction with Marescaux Road then south to Connolly Avenue, then east to South Camp Road, then south to Norman Road and travelling east to Elletson Road then south to Windward Road then east along Windward Road to Paradise Street and south along Paradise Street to the sea. Western Boundary From the western corner of the northern boundary fence of Wolmer’s Boys School and moving in a northerly direction along its western boundary to the road then moving in a westerly direction to Orange Street then south to North Street, west along North Street to the western boundary of the Kingston Public Hospital, then westerly to West Street then north west along Spanish Town Road to Darling Street then north westerly along the south western boundary of the Tivoli Gardens Community to Industrial Terrace then south west along Industrial Terrace to the sea. KINGSTON REDEVELOPMENT PLAN Greater Development Boundary Heroes Park Sabina Park Kingston Public Hospital Tivoli Gardens St. William Grant Park Manley Meadows MASTER PLAN DEVELOPMENT ZONES Zone II - Transportation Centre Zone III - Railway Lands Development Zone IV - Market District Zone V - Music and Cultural Village Zone VI - King Street Corridor Zone VII - Harbour Street Corridor Zone VIII - International Finance Centre Zone IX - Cultural Village Zone X - Retail/Office Commercial Renovation SCHEDULE OF PROPOSED PROJECTS 1. MULTIMODAL TRANSPORTATION CENTRE 2. FESTIVAL MARKET PLACE & WATERFRONT PROMENADE 3. BUSINESS CENTRE 4. 200 ROOM HOTEL & CONFERENCE CENTRE 5. MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS & FOREIGN TRADE HEADQUARTERS 6. KINGSTON HARBOUR BRIDGE 7. WEST KINGSTON MARKET DISTRICT 8. RAILWAY MUSEUM & TRADE CENTRE 9. CITY CENTRE & PARK 10. PROPOSED CULTURAL SQUARE 11. NEW PARLIAMENT BUILDING 12. JUSTICE SQUARE ( HIGH COURT) 13. RENOVATION OF EXISTING BUILDINGS ON WATERFRONT 14. HOUSING 2008-2012 PROPOSED PROJECTS 2008-2012 PHASING PLAN DOWNTOWN KINGSTON REDEVELOPMENT 12 Ocean Boulevard, Kingston Mall, Jamaica W.I. Telephone: (876) 922-8310-4. Telefax: (876) 922-9326 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.udcja.com
"JAMAICADOWNTOWN KINGSTON REDEVELOPMENT"