October 2007

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					AFS Fish Culture Section                                                                                  October 2007

         Fish Culture Section of the
         American Fisheries Society
   Inside this issue:                           BY    CURRY WOODS
                                As Mike Barnes figuratively handed         During the
   •   AA 2008                  me the gavel (the actual gavel was in a    past     two
       Announcement...2         cardboard box somewhere between            years,    we
                                Spearfish, SD and San Francisco, CA),      have been a
   •   FCS Annual               and with it the Presidency of the Fish     positive
       Meeting                  Culture Section at our annual meeting      presence in
       Minutes..............3   last month, I had a real sense of          this regard at our annual and mid-ear
                                CONFIDENCE in our Section’s                meeting venues with over 20 symposia
   •   APHIS Funding
                                future. Serving under Mike and on          and or sessions organized and chaired
       Information...6, 15
                                behalf of you, the Section members         by our members! We have held
                                over the past two years as President-      technology workshops at regional
   •   FDA Seafood
                                Elect and Chair of the Program             AFS meetings across the nation and
                                Committee has been very rewarding.         sponsored this year a continuing
                                My personal sense of CONFIDENCE            education workshop that actually
   •   Fish Meal
                                stems from the pride I have in our         made money for the Section!
       Alternatives.11, 16
                                organization, knowing how we began,
                                seeing how we have persevered              We are currently cooperating and
   •   FAO
                                through a couple of tough decades,         collaborating at an all time high with
                                and most importantly- recognizing          other associations, both within and
                                where we are today.                                          outside of AFS to
   •   FCS Committee
                                Members, as you                                              promote             and
       Information.......18                                   My personal sense of
                                read this column, let                                        “advance the science
                                there be no doubt –
                                                          CONFIDENCE stems from
                                                                                             and technology of
                                we are back!                 the pride I have in our
                                                                                             fish culture”.        We
                                                                 organization...             are actively engaged
                                We        as      an                                         with the Education,
                                organization, through you the              Genetics, History, Management and
                                members, are actively and significantly    Physiology Sections of AFS to develop
                                involved in the primary objective of       special sessions that address issues of
                                the Fish Culture Section: “to maintain     mutual concern for future meetings.
                                an association of individuals              We have appointed members to serve
                                interested in advancing the science        as Liaison to the U.S. Aquaculture
                                and technology of fish culture by          Society. Cooperation between our two
                                conducting and promoting scientific        organizations is positive and growing
                                research, workshops, and projects”.                                (Continued on page 2)
AFS Fish Culture Section                                                                                 Page 2

                     President’s Message (continued)
                      as evidenced by:                                may still doubt to join in our growing
                          · Our Section’s approval of a travel        number of efforts with CONFIDENCE.
                            award for a FCS student to attend a
                            USAS annual meeting.                      I would ask you, the Fish Culture
                                                                      Section members, to recruit for the
                           · The creation of a Special Session on
                                                                      fastest growing Section of AFS (that’s
                             the ‘Role of Hatcheries in Stock
                                                                      right… this straight from AFS
                             Enhancement and Conservation of
                                                                      Executive Director Gus Rassam at the
                             Endangered Species’, co-organized
                                                                      most recent Governing Board Meeting
                             by the USAS and the AFS Fish
     Recruit                                                          that I attended as your new President).
                             Culture Section to be held at the
       old                                                            Recruit old members to come back and
                             next USAS annual meeting:
                                                                      assure them that they will be made
    members                  Aquaculture America ’08- this
                                                                      welcome. Recruit your students to join
     to come                 session is intended to be the first in
                                                                      and promise them the opportunity to
                             a series of collaborative efforts by
    back and                                                          experience active professional service as
                             the two professional organizations
      assure                 to enhance the visibility and role of
                                                                      well as those important additional lines
    them that                                                         on their curriculum vitae, and please
                             utilizing cultured aquatic animals in
                                                                      continue to engage with the many
    they will                natural resource management.
                                                                      other fine folks working hard to
     be made               · Our Section’s collaborative              promote fish culture and the Fish
    welcome.                 activities with the USAS on a            Culture Section. Finally, I hope you
                             significant aquaculture initiative:      will do so as I do, with a growing sense
                             the “National Assessment of              of pride and with CONFIDENCE!
                             Aquaculture Trends in
                                                                           I want to empower those
                      My goals for the Fish Culture Section                  members interested in
                      during my Presidency are simple. I want             advancing the science and
                      to empower those members interested in             technology of fish culture...
                      advancing the science and technology of
                      fish culture and encourage those who

 A Q UAC U LT U R E A M E R I C A 2 0 0 8 S P E C I A L S E S S I O N A N N O U N C E M E N T :

 Co-Chairs: Jim Bowker, Mark Gaikowski and Dave Straus

 This Special Session is a forum to exchange scientific information related to research on therapeutic
 drugs for use in aquaculture and fisheries. We always encourage discussion of information that may
 interest others between or after presentations, outside of the meeting room, etc. As in the past, we will
 also have a meeting of the National Aquaculture Drug Research Forum after our session to discuss
 efforts being made on each technical project team and other activities.
AFS Fish Culture Section                                                                                                   Page 3

                                  Fish Culture Section Business Meeting Minutes,
                                          San Francisco, CA, 9-2-07
                         1.      Call to order by Mike Barnes (MB), establishment of quorum by Curry Woods (CW).
                         Jesse Trushenski (JT) served as Secretary for Carl Kittel, who could not attend.
                                 a. Attendees
                                        i. Mike Barnes, Curry Woods, Vince Mudrak, Heidi Lewis, Chris Kohler,
                                            Sue Kohler, Mary Nickum, John Nickum, Jerry Ludwig, Chris Green,
                                            Steve Lochmann, Scott Stuewe, Don Brader, Carl Burger, Robin Schrock
                                            Brett Timmons, Christine Moffitt, M. Igelman, Fukutaro Hiraki, Alex Godinez,
                                            Michael Trask, John Cassinelli, Roger Rulifson, Tom Flagg, Des Maynard,
                                            Jesse Trushenski

     2.   Introductions—MB
              a. MB introduced officers and recognized past Presidents in attendance
     3.   Approval of minutes—MB
              a. MB requested approval of the past meeting’s minutes as published in the FCS newsletter—Minutes approved as
     4.   Treasurer’s Report—MB for Andy Gray
              a. Report covering January through June 2007 was distributed.
              b. MB noted income for continuing education from corporate sponsors, which was a first for the Section.
     5.    Committee Reports
              a. Hall of Fame—MB for Steve Brimm (SB)
                         i. Report covering activities over the past year was distributed.
                                 1. No inductions in 2007, however, two inductions (John Nickum and Harry Dupree)
                                      planned for 2008.
                                 2. Income from brick sales indicates the endowment established for the HOF will not need
                                      to be utilized to support HOF operations for ~3 years.
                         ii. MB indicated SB is considering retirement and the Section needs to begin planning for
                               identifying SB’s successor in managing HOF operations and chairing the HOF            Committee.
                         iii. Chris Kohler (CK) brought up the question of providing travel/lodging support for inductees
                               for the induction ceremonies.
                                 1. Vince Mudrak (VM) stated his belief that at least part of the travel cost is supported for
                                      the inductees and one guest
                                 2. MB will confirm this and follow-up with CK and VM.
              b. Hall of Fame Display—MB for Randi Smith
                         i. Work is ongoing to develop new brochures, etc.
              c. Newsletter—Jesse Trushenski (JT)
                         i. JT indicated that Heidi Lewis (HL) is taking over as newsletter editor, effective with the
                             publication of the next issue in October.
              d. Membership—CW and MB
                         i. Mike currently acting as membership committee chair.
                         ii. Currently, we are at 450 members—still aiming to get to the goal of 500.
                         iii. Two lists being maintained (official and list including
                              associate members)—total including associate
                              members is ~530.
              e. Program—CW
                         i. Triennial meeting, AQUA 2007 (San Antonio)
                                 .    16 sessions sponsored by FCS—unprecedented
                                      level of involvement
                         ii. AFS 2007 (San Francisco)
                                 .    Alternative Disease Management Strategies
                         iii. Midwest Fish and Wildlife Conference

                                                                                                             (Continued on page 4)
AFS Fish Culture Section                                                                                                     Page 4

 (Continued from page 3)
                                  1. 1st FCS-sponsored session to be held at the
                         iv. Aquaculture America 2008 (Orlando)
                                  1. Co-organized a symposium with USAS on
                                       hatchery management
                         v. Aquaculture American 2009 (Seattle)
                                  1. Kahrs/sturgeon culture session in
                                       preparatory stages
                         vi. Fish Biology Congress 2008 (Portland)
                                  1. JT working with AFS Physiology Section to
                                       put together a symposium on growth and
                                                                                    Best student abstract travel award winners with
                         vii. Interest expressed by the AFS Genetics and
                                                                                    Immediate Past President Mike Barnes
                             History Sections to work with FCS to put together
                                                                                    (pictured left to right: Chris Green, Mike Bar-
                             joint symposia for AFS 2008.
                                                                                    nes, John Cassinelli, and Heidi Lewis
              f. Continuing Education Committee Section—MB for Mike
                  Frinsko (MF) and Jeff Heindel (JH)
                         i. Unprecedented number of CE activities, with courses at 2007 Triennial and various regional
                         ii. Genetics Section expressed interest in putting together a joint CE course on breeding programs
                             for conservation hatcheries
              g. Student Committee—HL
                         i. HL commented on the increased student presence at business meetings and within the Section in
                         ii. T-shirt design competition was extended to a new deadline (December 1st) to garner additional
                             design entries.
                         iii. Quiz Bowl to be held at Aquaculture America 2008, sponsored using student committee seed
                             money appropriated during last business meeting.
                                  1. Chris Green (CG) added that questions for the quiz bowl are currently being solicited.
                         iv. Steve Lochmann announced winners of the best student abstract travel awards.
                                  1. Three travel awards of $250 each, given to John Cassinelli, CG and HL
                                  2. Largest number of award applications to date.
     6.   Unfinished Business—MB
              a. Section brochures and display
                         i. Still in progress, need additional pictures
              b. Procedural manual
                         i. Still in the works, but need additional assistance to get project up and running
              c. USAS collaboration
                         i. Max Mayeaux has been appointed to replace CW as FCS Liaison to USAS
              d. Budget
                         i. Proposed budget for 2008 was distributed
                                  1. New line item for Continuing Education
                                  2. Includes travel funding for President and President-Elect for Aquaculture America 2008,
                                       AFS 2008, and Fish Biology Congress 2008
                         ii. Changes made to budget during meeting
                                  Travel funding for officers eliminated for Aquaculture 2008. Student Committee to receive
                                  1. CK moved to donate $500 to the Education Section’s Skinner Award Challenge, SL seconded,
                                       motion passed.
              e. Awards
                         i. Plaques for recognition of service were presented to out-going chairs/officers/etc.
                                  1. Cortney Ohs, Webmaster
                                  2. JT, Newsletter Editor
                                  3. CW, President-Elect
                                                                                                               (Continued on page 5)
AFS Fish Culture Section                                                                                                       Page 5

 (Continued from page 4)
                                   4. JH, Continuing Education Chair
                                   5. MB, President
     7.   Installation of Officers
              a. CW—President, JT—President-Elect, Carl Kittel—Secretary/Treasurer
              b. MB turned meeting over to CW
     8.   New Business—CW
              a. NAJA monetary awards for best paper
                          i. Society commitment to fund monetary awards for 5 years has now elapsed.
                          ii. CK moved the Section should continue to fund the awards $500 per year in perpetuity, Sue Kohler (SK)
                                   1. John Nickum (JN) moved to refer the matter to the Executive Committee, Christine Moffitt (CM)
                                       seconded, motion failed
                                   2. Original motion passed
              b. Other items
                          i. SL requested feedback from the Section regarding the criteria for student travel award
                              applications, specifically whether the student must be giving a presentation in order to apply
                                   1. SK indicated this was the case when she was in charge of reviewing applications
                                   2. SL moves that the official criteria for applications be:
                                                       ·     the student must be a Section member
                                                       ·     must attend the annual meeting
                                                       ·     must give a presentation
                                  3. SK seconded, motion passed
                          ii. CG moved to reduce the fee for student membership in the Section to $0, MB seconded, motion failed
                          iii.         JN announced the 2010 Triennial meeting will be in San Diego, CA.
                          iv.          CM moved to adjourn, SK seconded, meeting adjourned

                     Aquaculture gets share of $1.3 million marketing grants
                                           Source: August 6, 2007

US - Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns has awarded                  In Mississippi, the Department of Agriculture and
over $1.3 million in 26 matching grants to 21 states                 Commerce and Mississippi State University has been
supporting agricultural market research and                          given a $55,875 grant to fund investigations inot the
demonstration projects - including two consumer-                     market for farm-raised freshwater prawn. The money
related studies on farmed fish and seafood.                          will be used to set up consumer and chef focus groups
                                                                     in three target cities.
The grants, provided under the Federal-State
Marketing Improvement Program, explore new and                       "These 26 projects reflect the new realities of today's
innovative approaches to marketing US food and                       increasingly competitive global marketplace," said Mr
agricultural products and help improve the efficiency                Johanns. "They are focused on developing innovative,
and performance of the marketing system.                             more efficient and market-oriented ways to benefit our
                                                                     agricultural sector and support our nation's growing
Florida's Department of Agriculture and Consumer                     economy in the 21st century."
Services has been awarded $72,000 to fund projects to
identify consumer attitudes and preferences for
seafood and aquaculture products in people aged 55
and more. It will also develop a marketing campaign
based on the findings. The work will be done in co-
operation with the University of Florida, the South
Eastern Fisheries Association, and the Florida
Aquaculture Association.
AFS Fish Culture Section                                                                                    Page 6

 APHIS Makes Funding Available for Activities Related to the Control of
 Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia
 Source:, October 24, 2007

The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA)               cooperative agreements with state departments of
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)        natural resources, state departments of agriculture,
is making $1.5 million in contingency funds available     tribal agencies and other appropriate agencies for
for activities related to the control of viral            surveillance and compliance efforts. Surveillance data
hemorrhagic septicemia (VHS). Such control activities     collected in the coming months will give APHIS more
include confirmatory testing, surveillance and            information on VHS to better target future
compliance, and education and outreach efforts.           surveillance and regulatory actions.
These activities will help to prevent the spread of VHS
into aquaculture facilities.                              On Oct. 24, 2006, APHIS issued a Federal Order to
                                                          immediately prohibit the importation of 37 susceptible
VHS is a destructive pathogen that causes internal        species of live fish into the United States from Ontario
hemorrhaging and death in a wide range of fish            and Quebec, Canada-the two provinces that have
species. Dead and diseased wild fish have been            reported VHS outbreaks. The order also prohibited the
reported in the St. Lawrence River and in Lake Erie,      interstate movement of the same fish species from
Lake Huron, Lake Michigan, Lake Ontario and Lake          eight states in the United States (Illinois, Indiana,
St. Clair. Outbreaks of VHS have also been reported       Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania
in inland lakes in Michigan, New York and                 and Wisconsin) that have reported incidences of VHS
Wisconsin.                                                in wild fish or that are at immediate risk of acquiring
                                                          the disease because they share watershed areas with
The disease does not pose a risk to people, but it has    states in which the disease has been detected.
been found to affect many different species of fish,
including several commercially farm-raised species in     APHIS amended the order on Nov. 14, 2006, to allow
the United States previously not known to be              for movement and importation of susceptible fish
susceptible to the disease.                               species under conditions that mitigate the risk of
                                                          spreading VHS; and on May 4, 2007, to allow for
The contingency funding that APHIS is providing will      catch-and-release fishing activities. Restrictions under
be used for surveillance and compliance activities and    the Federal Order will continue until APHIS
other VHS-related efforts. These include: laboratory      publishes an interim rule establishing appropriate
upgrades to USDA's National Veterinary Services           VHS-related fish importation and interstate movement
Laboratories to support confirmatory testing; and an      criteria.
educational campaign that promotes biosecurity
efforts and addresses human-related activities which -    For additional information, please contact P. Gary
though not easily regulated- could spread the disease.    Egrie by telephone at (301) 734-0695 or by e-mail at
Surveillance activities will be risk-based and focus on
states in the Great Lakes watershed and those states in
surrounding watersheds. APHIS will develop

               For more information contact:
                       P. Gary Egrie
                     (301) 734-0695 or
AFS Fish Culture Section                                                                                                 Page 7

 EPA Announces Agricultural Advisory Committee

Continuing efforts to strengthen relations with the               The agricultural industry -- through the development of
agriculture community, EPA has announced the                      renewable energy sources -- can play a significant role in the
establishment of the first-ever Farm, Ranch and Rural             nation's ability to reduce its dependence on oil imports, as
Communities Federal Advisory Committee. The committee             well as be a source and repository of greenhouse gas
is being formed under the guidelines of the National              emissions.
Strategy for Agriculture, and it will advise the administrator
on environmental policy issues impacting farms, ranches           --An environmental strategy for livestock operations that
and rural communities and operate under the rules of the          considers regulatory and voluntary approaches and
Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA).                            provides tools for producers to attain superior
                                                                  environmental performance.
"We at EPA appreciate that agriculture isn't just the
producer of the food, agriculture is the producer of              --Development of a constructive approach to advancing
environmental and economic solutions," said Administrator         sustainable agriculture and protection of the environment,
Stephen L. Johnson. "This committee provides an                   addressing communication between environmental and
opportunity to improve dialogue between EPA and the               agricultural interests and urban encroachment in rural
farming community. By sitting down at the same table,             areas.
together we can do what's good for agriculture and good for       In other agency actions, this past summer under the
our environment."                                                 National Agriculture Strategy, Administrator Johnson
The committee will meet approximately twice yearly and is         presided over EPA's first-ever face-to-face dialogue with
intended to consist of approximately 25 members                   leaders of the agriculture industry. The agency also
representing: (1) large and small farmers, ranchers and rural     announced a new Web site containing an easy and succinct
communities; (2) rural suppliers, marketers and processors;       look-up tool listing federal environmental regulations that
(3) academics and researchers who study environmental             could potentially apply to agriculture.
issues impacting agriculture; (4) tribal agricultural groups;
and (5) environmental and conservation groups. EPA's               EPA's Agriculture Strategy:
request for member nominations will be posted in the            
Federal Register. The U.S. Dept. of Agriculture and other
federal agencies will also be invited to nominate members.         Agriculture regulatory Web site:
Initially, EPA will ask the committee to focus on the
following three issues:                                            More information about the Federal Advisory
                                                                   Committee Act:
-- How EPA's policies and regulations on climate change
and renewable energy will affect the agriculture community.     

 USFWS Lists Black Carp as Injurious Wildlife
 Source:, October 24, 2007
The final rule adding all forms of live black carp to the list    cidental introduction and subsequent establishment of black
of injurious wildlife under the Lacey Act published in the        carp in the ecosystems of the United States. Live black carp,
Federal Register today,October 18, 2007. The final rule will      gametes, viable eggs, and hybrids can be imported only by
become effective November 19, 2007.                               permit for scientific, medical, educational, or zoological
                                                                  purposes, or without a permit by Federal agencies solely for
SUMMARY: The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service              their own use. Interstate transportation of live black carp,
or we) adds all forms of live black carp (Mylopharyngodon         gametes, viable eggs, and hybrids currently held within the
piceus), gametes, viable eggs, and hybrids to the list of inju-   United States will be allowed only by permit. Interstate
rious fish under the Lacey Act. By this action, the Service       transportation permits may be issued for scientific, medical,
prohibits the importation into or transportation between the      educational, or zoological purposes.
continental United States, the District of Columbia, Ha-
waii, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or any territory or
possession of the United States of live black carp, gametes,
viable eggs, and hybrids. The best available information in-
dicates that this action is necessary to protect the interests                           for official rule
of wildlife and wildlife resources from the purposeful or ac-
AFS Fish Culture Section                                                                                              Page 8

 Smith Named USDA-APHIS Administrator
 Source:, October 24, 2007
Bruce Knight, undersecretary for marketing and regulatory   protection unit.
programs at the United States Department of Agriculture
(USDA), today announced the appointment of Cindy J.         Smith has been serving
Smith as administrator of the Animal and Plant Health       as acting administrator
Inspection Service (APHIS).                                 since August 3, and as
                                                            APHIS'         associate
"With 28 years in the Agency, Cindy Smith has learned       administrator since April.
APHIS from the ground-up, and her diverse experience is     Before that, beginning in 2002, she
an asset to APHIS and USDA," Knight said. "I look           served as deputy administrator for BRS and played a major
forward to working with Cindy in this new capacity."        role in shaping the agency's biotechnology regulatory
                                                            structure, establishing more rigorous requirements for field
As administrator, Smith will further APHIS' mission of      tests of genetically engineered crops and initiating efforts to
protecting American agriculture and ensuring the health     review and strengthen the agency's overarching
and care of animals and plants. Smith replaces Dr. Ron      biotechnology regulations. From 2001 to 2002, Smith was
DeHaven, who retired on August 3, after 28 years with       the associate deputy administrator for WS, which provides
APHIS. DeHaven served as administrator since 2004.          federal leadership and expertise in resolving conflicts caused
                                                            by wildlife.
Smith began her career with APHIS in 1979 and has
advanced through the ranks, holding clerical, technical,    In 1983, Smith completed her bachelor of science degree in
administrative, supervisory and executive leadership        microbiology from the University of Maryland. She went
positions in the Agency. Throughout her years, Smith has    on to earn her master of science degree in business
gained diverse experience in a broad range of APHIS         management from the University of Maryland in 2000.
programs, including plant protection and quarantine,
wildlife services (WS), biotechnology regulatory services   A native Marylander, Smith resides with her husband in
(BRS) and the former biotechnology, biologics and           Woodstock, Md., close to her family that includes six
environmental                                               children and three grandchildren.

FDA reviewing Chinese seafood imports
Source: October 10, 2007
The Food and Drug Administration will check to see            Under scrutiny by the House Energy and Commerce
whether seafood shipments from China on an agency           Committee, the agency said funding for screening has
watch list were properly tested for banned drugs and        not kept pace with surging imports, and that its 450
chemicals, the agency said Wednesday.                       inspectors were stretched too thin to guarantee food
                                                            safety (Justin Pritchard, AP/Wilmington [Del.] News
The announcement came one day after the Associated          Journal, Aug. 9).
Press reported that 28 shipments of frozen shimp,
catfish and eel arrived under an FDA "import alert,"        Last week, several southern states announced that
but were never sent to a lab. The FDA said it believes      they found traces of banned drugs and chemicals in
the 1 million pounds of fish did not escape screening       Chinese, Malaysian, Thai and Vietnamese seafood
and would not have posed an immediate public health         shipments that cleared inspections and were on their
risk anyway.                                                way to supermarket shelves (Greenwire, Aug. 3).

The AP investigation reviewed 4,300 seafood                 Meanwhile, the FDA's Chinese equivalent said
shipments from China between October 2006 and               Wednesday that it would begin meeting on a regular
May 2007 while the FDA was monitoring certain               basis with its U.S. counterpart and will invest $1.1
companies, which led to an announcement in June             billion in a multiyear campaign to crack down on
that all farm-raised shrimp, catfish and eel needed         counterfeit drugs and better food inspection practices.
                                                                                                         (Continued on page 9)
AFS Fish Culture Section                                                                                     Page 9

(Continued from page 8)
Yan Jiangying, a spokeswoman for the Chinese State        problems in this area but I think the safety level is
Food and Drug Administration, said the country            gradually improving."
approved funding to build new safety testing labs in
2005, but waited until construction was underway to       Concerns about the safety of other Chinese products
announce the initiative. The money will also be used      such as toothpaste and dog food have led several
to upgrade inspection facilities at 16 ports and          countries to ban or recall the goods. China said
improve basic infrastructure.                             yesterday that it temporarily banned exports by two
                                                          toy manufacturers hit by massive recalls in the United
"The foundation is weak and infrastructure and            States (Audra Ang, AP/Houston Chronicle, Aug. 8). -
technology still lag behind," Yan said. "There are        - LBD

 Feds decline to alter fish consumption standards for women
 Source: October 16, 2007

The Food and Drug Administration and U.S. EPA             fish, Alaska says
announced yesterday that they will not alter their
recommendations that pregnant and breast-feeding          Women of childbearing age and small children should
women eat no more than 12 ounces of fish weekly.          be careful about how much and how often they eat
                                                          certain kinds of fish, the Alaska Department of Health
Last week, a health advocacy group called the             and Social Services announced yesterday.
National Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies Coalition
said that women should eat more fish despite the          Previously, state health officials said that all Alaskans
health risks posed by the ingestion of methyl mercury     could eat an unlimited amount of fish from state
that precipitated the government's recommendations.       waters without the risk of overexposing themselves to
                                                          methyl mercury.
National Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies Coalition
executive director Judy Meehan said that the National     Although they say Alaska seafood is generally safe to
Fisheries Institute gave her group $60,000 to help        eat on a daily basis, women and children should limit
publicize the position that women should eat more         their consumption of large halibut, shark, large
than 12 ounces of fish weekly. The National Fisheries     lingcod, yelloweye rockfish and spiny dogfish due to
Institute also gave $16,000 to more than 14               their mercury levels.
independent experts to help push the point of view,
she added.                                                The state changed its position on fish consumption
                                                          because new information emerged this year about
Despite the funding from the industry group, the          mercury levels in species that were not tested before
integrity of the recommendations is not compromised,      and in larger specimens of previously tested species,
Meehan said. "Our position is that fish is critical for   the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services
brain development. There's a lot of science supporting    said in a health bulletin (Elizabeth Bluemink,
that," she said.                                          Anchorage Daily News, Oct. 16). -- RJD

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the
National Institute of Child Health and Human
Development and the Health Resources and Services
Administration all said they collaborated in the past
with the coalition but did not endorse or help
formulate the group's new fish consumption advice
(Will Dunham, Reuters, Oct. 15).
Women should limit consumption of some kinds of
AFS Fish Culture Section                                                                                       Page 10

                     Indiana Soybean Alliance Names Aquaculture Director
                     Source: October 24, 2007

                      The Indiana Soybean Alliance
                      (ISA) has named Steven Hart of        According to ISA director Mike Yoder, the
                      Lebanon, IN. as the                   aquaculture initiative represents the ISA’s continuing
                      organization’s new Aquaculture        search for new and innovative uses for the soybean.
                      Director. In August, the ISA          “We were early investors and supporters of soy
board of directors created an Aquaculture Initiative as     biodiesel - a product that showed great potential as a
a part of the ISA’s Strategic Plan. The new program         new use for soybeans and offered a more
focuses on increasing the use of soybean meal in            environmentally-friendly alternative for improving air
Indiana farm-raised fish diets through the growth of        quality than petroleum,” said Yoder, a farmer from
the state’s aquaculture industry. “Raising awareness        Middlebury, Ind. and chairman of ISA’s Supply
among farmers that aquaculture is a viable form of          Committee. “Aquaculture shows similar promises of
agriculture in Indiana is one of my top priorities,” said   not only developing into a significant new use for
Hart, who joined ISA in October. “I look forward to         soybeans, but also helping to meet the needs for an
working with farmers, feed manufacturers, food              expanding market demand for fish and other seafood
processors, government representatives and other key        items.”
stakeholders to make Indiana a national leader in
supplying our country’s demand for fresh seafood.”          The groundwork for the aquaculture initiative was
                                                            started earlier this year with the development of a
Currently, research and feeding trials have shown that      strategic plan for growing the state’s aquaculture
soy protein can partially or, in some cases, totally        industry. The strategic plan looked at the current
replace fish meal in more than 50 fish species - many       environment for aquaculture in the state, as well as
that can be raised in Indiana. Hart plans to work           the potentials for the industry and the barriers it faces.
towards the development of soy-based feeds that can         “My initial activities will be geared towards creating
be used by Indiana fish farmers. “The combination of        awareness of the aquaculture initiative and generating
new producers and soy-based feeds should open new           excitement and participation from a variety of
markets for Indiana soybeans within the state,” he          individuals and organizations,” said Hart. “One of the
said. “The long-term goal of this initiative is to create   first major tasks is the formation of an Indiana
a demand for Indiana-branded, soy-fed fish.”                Aquaculture Advisory Council.”

ISA Executive Director Chris Novak noted that the           According to Hart, the purpose of the council will be
aquaculture initiative and Hart’s addition to the staff     to assist in the implementation of the aquaculture
reflect Indiana’s commitment to building new markets        strategic plan by assigning key activities to the
for soybean producers. “Aquaculture represents a            appropriate individuals or groups. Council members
major new market for soybean meal, but to grow this         will include fish farmers, extension educators,
industry requires a long-term commitment to                 researchers, feed manufacturers, and government
connecting aquaculture production, processing and           agency representatives, among others.
marketing,” said Novak. “The majority of seafood
consumed in the U.S. today comes from imported              Once the council is set, Hart’s next project is a series
sources. Our goal with this program is to make              of educational workshops around the state that will
Indiana-fresh aquaculture the premier choice for U.S.       convey information on a variety of aquaculture
consumers. We’re excited to have Steve on-board             production and business-related topics. The meetings
leading this effort.”                                       will be open to current fish farmers and anyone
                                                            interested in learning what it takes to
Hart has worked in the aquatic science/aquaculture          run an aquaculture operation.
field since 1996. Most recently, he was the Soy-in-         The meetings
Aquaculture Project Coordinator at Purdue                   will take place
University. Hart earned his Bachelor’s and Master’s         in early 2008.
degrees from Michigan State University and his
Doctorate degree from Purdue University.
AFS Fish Culture Section                                                                                            Page 11

     Ethanol Co-Products Could Lower Cost of Freshwater Fish Production
                                      Source: October 23, 2007

The investigations show that ethanol co-products can         The scientists found that catfish thrived on feed
provide protein for fish feeds at a lower cost than the      comprising up to 40 percent DDGS plus lysine. In
soybean-corn combinations commonly used.                     addition, they observed that catfish raised on diets that
                                                             included DDGS demonstrated greater resistance to at
The recent proliferation of ethanol processing facilities    least one major disease: enteric septicemia of catfish.
has led to a surplus of distiller's dried grains with        Catfish raised on DDGS-containing diets were more
solubles, or DDGS—a nutrient-rich processing co-             likely to resist infection.
product that is often used to feed livestock.
                                                             Surviving catfish raised on a diet without DDGS had
DDGS is relatively protein-rich and lacks some of the        fewer antibodies than those raised on the DDGS
undesirable characteristics that make many plant             feed—particularly fish on the 20 percent DDGS diet,
protein sources less suitable for use in fish feeds. In      whose antibodies were significantly higher than those
addition, DDGS is cheaper and more palatable to fish         of the control fish.
than soybean-corn combinations. However, it lacks
some essential amino acids, such as lysine.                  This work has potential economic benefits for both
                                                             ethanol and aquaculture. Finding markets for DDGS
In the ARS Aquatic Animal Health Research Unit at            is essential to economical ethanol production. And
Auburn, Ala., nutrition scientist Chhorn Lim and his         substituting soybean-corn combinations with a
colleagues are evaluating how diets including DDGS           cheaper protein source could
influence growth performance and disease resistance          help reduce the cost of
in catfish and tilapia.                                      fish feed, thereby
                                                             reducing      overall
The scientists gave the fish feeds that included 0, 10,      production costs.
20, 30 or 40 percent DDGS. All five feeds had similar
levels of energy, protein and fat. Results showed that       ARS is the chief
tilapia thrive on feed with up to 20 percent DDGS.           scientific
Adding supplemental lysine to the feed increased that        research agency
percentage to 40 percent.                                    of the US
                                                             Department of Agriculture.

              Fisheries release final plan for restoration of Columbia River
                          chinook salmon, steelhead, bull trout
                                         Source: October 11, 2007

The National Marine Fisheries Service this week released a   The 352-page plan suggests analyzing the harm done by
final plan for restoring populations of endangered chinook   destruction of habitat, the effects of hydroelectric operations
salmon and steelhead and the threatened bull trout on the    and the effects of hatcheries management on the popula-
upper Columbia River in Washington.                          tions. The three species could be removed from the endan-
                                                             gered and threatened lists within 10 to 30 years, NMFS
The recovery plan, submitted in draft by the board at the    concluded. The estimated cost is at least $296 million over
end of 2005, is now the third federally approved salmon      the first
recovery plan for ESA-listed salmon in the Northwest. The    10 years.
others are Puget Sound chinook and Hood Canal summer
AFS Fish Culture Section                                                                                   Page 12

          New aquaculture course serves employer needs and student
             preferences             Source: October 9, 2007

US - A new Aquaculture Minor starts at the                 The minor in Aquaculture/Fish Culture consists of 27
University of Wisconsin Stevens Point (UWSP) this          credits, which students can accumulate by studying a
autumn 2007. The certificate of higher education has       number of courses. Topics covered within the courses
been designed so students interested in commercial         the include:
fish farming, aquarium trade, or state, federal, and
tribal hatchery programs can specialize in specific          * Biology
areas.                                                       * Aquatic invertebrate zoology
                                                             * Water chemistry
With a leading College of Natural Resources, the             * Fisheries ecology
University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point is a natural           * Animal parasitology
location for studies in aquaculture, says Chris Hartleb,     * Principles of fishery management
professor of biology and co-director of the Northern         * Environmental toxicology and risk assessment
Aquaculture Demonstration Facility.                          * Wetlands ecology and management
                                                             * Techniques of captive wildlife management
"We already offered courses, but I put together a panel      * Marketing
of people who work in fisheries and asked them what
they needed future employees to know," he explained.       The program is designed so that students can
                                                           specialize in key areas of aquaculture through elective
His discussions revealed that UWSP offered all but         courses which meet their areas of interest.
one of the necessary courses, and so he decided to
create a minor in aquaculture.

                  Deadline Extended to
                  December 1, 2007!!!
AFS Fish Culture Section                                                                                     Page 13

               FAO's fisheries latest statistics mark a milestone
               Source: October 8, 2007

               This month the FAO's Global                   projects. Additional research is often required so that
               Fisheries Statistics Yearbook marks a         estimates can be produced when data are lacking or
               milestone for the UN agency - it is the       unreliable.
               100th volume of the publication.
                                                             Managing the data and publishing it involves the
               The agency has been collecting and            creation of databases, undertaking analyses, writing
publishing     data on fishing and fisheries for over        statistical yearbooks, reports, and the online
60 years, amassing a wealth of information that is           dissemination of information.
simply not available elsewhere. Speaking in an
interview for the organistion, FAO chief of fisheries        But achieving the right picture is not easy. Different
information and statistics Richard Grainger says the         research groups compare data and methods and
work is vital in the global fight against hunger and         although most of them are working towards the same
malnutrition.                                                goal, there can be anomalies. "However, the ultimate
Why count fish?                                              goal is to present the clearest picture of the world's
Mr Grainger says that the survey involves much more          fisheries and aquaculture so that humankind can
than counting fish. FAO collects all sorts of data,          responsibly manage them. There's a lot at stake," says
ranging from how many fish there are produced in a           Mr Grainger.
given area, to how many boats are fishing for them
and how much of a country's protein consumption              Some of these controversies have centred on the
incomes from fish and aquatic resources.                     reliability of the information that governments provide
                                                             to FAO and there are some valid concerns.
The statistics are really about people and the millions
that depend on fishing and fish farming for food and         FAO is dependent on countries to provide with
income. Of particular concern are those in the               reliable data; and many FAO members have
developing world, who make up the vast majority -            expressed concern about the quality of some sets of
around 40 million people.                                    fishery statistics and have adopted a strategy to
                                                             improve them.
Another 100 million people are involved in the small-        The FAO does operate a strict quality control process
scale post-harvest sector, with millions more working        for submitted data, comparing it to alternative sources
in seasonal or occasional fishing activities, says the       of information and past trends, etc. and it will make
FAO. And, all this activity means food and jobs for          necessary adjustments and corrections to ensure that
people who often urgently need both.                         the numbers are as solid as possible.

Mr Grainger explained that without the statistics,           Obtaining
policy and management amounts to 'stabs in the dark'.        reliable source
                                                             data     is   of
"We spend a great deal of time making sure countries         paramount
are measuring the same things in the same way. If one        importance,
person measures landings of whole “Cornish salmon”           particularly for
in one place and another person fillets of “hake”            policy-making
someplace else, well that doesn't tell us much, even         a       n      d
though they are, as it turns out, measuring different        management at the national and regional levels. The
products of the same kind of fish. Now imagine this          FAO has a team of experts that are sent out to
on a global scale across scores of different languages.      different countries to bring them up to date with
Some fish have dozens of different names just within         collection and reporting techniques and processed.
the same country or region," he added.                       And this is an area where FAO is uniquely qualified.
Getting the right results                                    It has more than 60 years experience and also operates
Fisheries statistics are obtained from national              an ongoing international working party that regularly
reporting offices and, wherever possible, verified from      evaluates these issues and makes proposals on data
other sources such as regional fishery bodies or field       collection and reporting.
AFS Fish Culture Section                                                                                      Page 14

 Catch question: Is live a better option?
NORWAY - Capture-based aquaculture will give                t a k e
Norwegian seafood a competitive advantage.                  longer
However, uncertainty about profitability means that         time as
few fishermen are opting for live catches, says a           the catch must be handled gently and the vessel can
Fiskeriforskning study.                                     load less fish.
There is an increasing demand for fresh fish.               Weather conditions must also be more favourable
However, large seasonal fluctuations in the fisheries       than during traditional catches, which provides further
mean there are long periods with insufficient supply of     uncertainty.
fresh fish products.
                                                            The fishermen also say there are too few plants able to
Capture-based aquaculture is being seen as an               receive live fish, which leads to increased transport
important solution in achieving continual supply.           costs. Capture-based aquaculture will reduce time for
Despite this, figures for 2006 show a reduction in the      other fishing and, as such, reduce incomes.
quantity of live cod taken ashore.
                                                            As live cod deliveries have so far occurred in spring,
Of an annual cod quota of around 212,000 tonnes,            the fishermen say this offers economic uncertainty as
only 800 tonnes was delivered live, even though the         they must wait to take the fish. Last winter, cod prices
average price was 25 percent higher than with               were higher and many opted to take the cod in the
traditional methods.                                        traditional manner early in the season.
Uncertainty and time restraints                             Strategy for fresh fish
Uncertainty about profitability means that fishermen        The Government is now preparing a strategy to
are choosing to retain traditional catching methods,        increase the delivery of fresh fish to the industry. One
shows the study carried out by Fiskeriforskning for the     of the means proposed is increasing the cod quota by
Fishery and Aquaculture Industry Research Fund.             10 percent when fish is delivered live.
Vessels utilising purse seine were selected for the study   "The effect of this means relies on the fishermen
as they are relatively well adapted technically to          perceiving this as economically attractive compared to
handle live fish.                                           traditional catches," says Hermansen. "If there is little
                                                            effect, it's possible to make it more attractive by
The boat owners did not see technical adjustments or
                                                            further increasing the additional quota."
cash infusion as obstacles, and believed catching
methods and their own skills did not prevent starting       Spread knowledge
with live fish deliveries.
                                                            The study shows many boat owners had little
"About half the boat owners believe the higher prices       knowledge about time use or economic conditions for
offered for live fish are not enough to provide better      delivering live fish. Such knowledge is important in
profitability than traditional catching methods," says      order to increase deliveries of live cod.
researcher Øystein Hermansen.
                                                            "It's important there is a systematic collection of
The boat owners also point out that this method will        information about this method and that such
                                                            knowledge is passed onto fishermen and the industry,"
                                                            says Hermansen adding: "This can also prevent
                                                            vessels unsuitable for capture-based aquaculture
                                                            investing in unprofitable rebuilding."

                                                              Source: October 5, 2007
AFS Fish Culture Section                                                                        Page 15

 Senator Clinton Calls for Federal Funding to Control Spread of VHS
 Source: September 14, 2007

WASHINGTON DC – Senator Hillary Clinton              that authorises assistance to states like New
joined several of her colleagues in urging the       York that border the Great Lakes is critical in
Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and      controlling the VHS problem,” added Mrs
Forestry to provide assistance in the upcoming       Clinton.
2007 Farm Bill to states whose aquaculture and       In October 2006, the Animal and Plant Health
fishing industries have been blighted by the         Inspection Service (APHIS) issued an order to
deadly fish disease, Viral Hemorrhagic               prevent the spread of VHS. It stopped the
Septicemia (VHS).                                    interstate movement within the Great Lakes
                                                     states of more than three dozen species of live
In a letter to Committee Chairman Tom Harkin         fish that are susceptible to the disease.
and Ranking Member Saxby Chambliss, the              However, these states do not have adequate
lawmakers stressed the need for language to be       capacity to perform the necessary quantity of
included in the Farm Bill that would ensure          testing. Also, the APHIS order did not provide
assistance is provided to Great Lakes states for     any assistance to states to help with required
testing, monitoring, and enforcement of VHS          testing, monitoring, and enforcement. All such
guidelines.                                          responsibilities have been placed on the Great
                                                     Lakes states and tribal management
“The effort made by the USDA and APHIS in            authorities.
combating the spread of VHS and other animals
and diseases that threaten the Great Lakes and       The authorisation of additional federal funds
many smaller New York water bodies is                will provide the necessary assistance to states
encouraging, but I am still very concerned about     and monitoring agencies that are working to
the negative impact that the virus continues to      isolate, and curb the spread of the disease in
have on the environment and on businesses in         the Great Lakes region.
our state,” said Senator Clinton.

She said that the APHIS order did not provide
the necessary resources and it was unfair to think
that states like New York should shoulder the
entire burden of testing, monitoring, and
"Our fisheries and marine industries are vital to
New York’s economic wellbeing, and that
requires maintaining a healthy ecosystem in the
Great Lakes. Adding language to the Farm Bill
AFS Fish Culture Section                                                                                         Page 16

                           Insect protein: Real replacement potential
                                    Source: September 4, 2007

FLORIDA - Aqua Biologics has begun Phase Two                metric tonne of fishmeal travels an average of 5000
research trials on its patent pending Ento-Protein™, a      km before it reaches the end user. This has enormous
high quality sustainable protein derived from insects.      economic implications in supplying the global
The research, in conjunction with Mississippi State
University, will establish how the product can be           Viable
integrated into farmed-fish diets. It is intended to be a   If insect derived protein is viable, then production
replacement for fishmeal products which are a key           sites could be set up worldwide.
ingredient in aquaculture formulations, but
surrounded by controversy.                                  "It would provide a viable solution to what is a serious
                                                            problem. The key to the rapid and successful
Feeding trials with the insect protein will now start on    expansion of global seafood production is through the
hybrid striped bass using diets substituting 100 per        sustainable commercial production of a high quality
cent of the dietary fishmeal component with Ento-           dietary protein. Ento-Protein™ is the logical choice to
Protein™ meal. Concurrently, the Company is                 eliminate the industry's dependence upon wild
structuring the final Phase three research for extended     fishmeal as a dietary protein," said Mr Cherch.
growth trials, which are expected to start in October.
The successful completion of these trials would pave        Based in Boca Raton, Florida, Aqua Biologics is a
the way for commercial trials and eventual                  division of Neptune Industries, a company which
implementation, says the company.                           prides itself on sustainable aquaculture production.
                                                            Other products include Aqua-Sphere™ and Aqua-
Mr. Sal Cherch, Chief Operating Officer, said that          Cell™ a production system that successfully addresses
initial results were very pleasing. "We strongly believe    the environmental concerns of most operations by
that Ento-Protein™ will successfully provide a              controlling and recycling all waste products. It
sustainable, all-natural fishmeal substitute," he added.    operates Blue Heron Aqua Farms in Florida City, and
                                                            is a leading producer of hybrid striped bass. It also has
A staggering 25 per cent of all world fish production       interests in the organic certification of farm-raised
goes into fishmeal and fish oil. The world supply of        seafood.
fishmeal is so isolated geographically, that every

USDA Awards $73,516 Grant for Aquaculture Business Park August 15, 2007 Written by Tom Walsh

GOULDSBORO — Long-simmering plans to convert                Development’s state director. “They are creating cost-
the former U.S. Navy communications center in               effective opportunities for aquaculture businesses and
Corea into an aquaculture business park are off the         allowing for economic growth and job creation in
back burner after the U.S. Department of Agriculture        rural Maine.”
(USDA) announced last week that it is awarding a
$73,516 grant to the project.                                The USDA funds are being combined with a
                                                            $400,000 Maine Community Development Block
The Rural Business Enterprise Grant is being                Grant (CDBG) awarded last year to the town of
provided through the USDA’s Rural Development               Gouldsboro to help underwrite the costs of designing
division.                                                   and building a seawater circulation system at the
                                                            proposed Gulf of Maine Aquaculture Business Park.
“These funds are important as they support an
industry essential to Maine’s economy and way of            The    Maine     Technology      Institute    also      has
life,” said Michael W. Aube, USDA Rural                                                            (Continued on page 17)
AFS Fish Culture Section                                                                                    Page 17

(Continued from page 16)                                   Since 2000, the company has been developing
conditionally approved up to $200,000 for the project,     methods of growing halibut from eggs to market size
according to John Holden, director of business             at a facility within the University of Maine’s Center
development for the Eastern Maine Development              for Cooperative Aquaculture in Franklin.
Corp. (EMDC).
                                                           “The Corea park will be similar to what’s in place in
“This is going to happen,” Holden told the                 Franklin, but that facility is used by the University of
Gouldsboro Board of Selectmen at an Aug. 9 briefing        Maine as an incubator for new companies,” Holden
on the project. “This will be a unique business park in    said. “This park is for companies that have
North America that will be producing taxable income        ‘graduated’ and are ready to go into commercial
and jobs in Gouldsboro.”                                   business.”

The Acadia Capital Corp. (ACC), a Bangor-based             Holden said Maine Halibut Farms has committed
nonprofit affiliate of EMDC, now owns 40 acres of          $92,000 to the project in addition to in-kind
the former U.S. Navy complex that once occupied 450        engineering services related to the design of the
acres off Route 195 between the Gouldsboro villages        seawater circulation system.
of Prospect Harbor and Corea.
                                                           Maine Halibut Farms President Alan Spear has said
Holden said he expects the business park to attract as     the company plans to hire at least eight full-time
many as 15 businesses involved in land-based               workers to oversee production of 100,000 halibut a
commercial aquaculture activities, such as fish            year. The company sells halibut ranging in size from 2
farming.                                                   to 10 pounds to upscale restaurants throughout the
As a condition of the $400,000 CDBG grant, the
project is required to create at least 13 full-time jobs   Holden said ACC is also in negotiations with
within two years of the first expenditure of grant         Downeast Salmon, a company that plans to stock
funds. As a condition of acceptance of the grant, the      above-ground ponds with locally farmed salmon to
town would be required to repay the grant should           provide seasonal recreational fishing opportunities for
those jobs not materialize, as promised.                   fly fishing enthusiasts.

ACC has indemnified Gouldsboro from that risk by           Local, state and federal permits required for the
securing an irrevocable letter of credit from three        project are now being finalized, Holden said. So are
banks: United Kingsfield Bank, Machias Savings             bid packages for construction of the piping and
Bank and Bar Harbor Banking and Trust.                     pumping systems required for the park’s seawater
                                                           circulation infrastructure.
“Acadia Capital is a nonprofit that does not pay
taxes,” Holden explained. “But, when property is sold      Holden told the Board of Selectmen that bids may be
to tenants, it becomes taxable. The nonprofit will         solicited as soon as October, or could be held back
retain ownership of the park’s infrastructure.”            until January to attract the lowest prices for spring
Tenants would share access to the seawater intake,
circulation and discharge system while doing business      “It may be as soon as this time next year that this site
on sites they lease or purchase from ACC.                  will be producing halibut for sale on the commercial
                                                           market,” he told the Gouldsboro selectmen.
Among the park’s first tenants, Holden said, would be
Maine Halibut Farms of Holden, which has an option         “This is pretty exciting,” said Dana Rice, the
on a 7.6-acre parcel on the site.                          chairman of the Gouldsboro Board of Selectmen.
AFS Fish Culture Section                                                                                         Page 18

 FCS Program Development—we need your help!
Member attendance at the WAS Triennial Conference this spring was excellent—at or near
an all-time high. One reason for this success can be attributed to the broad participation we
had from FCS professionals in program development. Drawing from a great group of
individuals, we were able identify and organize about 16 sessions of interest. At this time,
we are again moving forward planning the 2010 Triennial and will try to expand our
participation even more. To ensure the sessions will be pertinent to YOUR needs, we want
your input. Thus, after discussions amongst the FCS leadership, it was decided to canvass
members on program needs for the 2010 Triennial and other upcoming meetings.

Below are listed the principal meetings most of our FCS members are likely to participate in or attend. Under each
meeting heading are listed 5 program topics we believe you would be interested in. For the meetings you plan to
attend, please rate the topics by number, with 1 the most important and 5, the least important. In the blank areas. #6-
#10, please add other topics you would like to see in addition to or in place of, those on the list. Please add more if
you’d like. We are open to suggestions; this is the time to share your ideas!

The Program Committee will compile your responses and use this information to develop our basic agenda, ensuring
we will deliver the type of programming to meet your needs. If you have any questions, have additional topics to
                                                      suggest, and/or want to be considered as a presenter or
                                              session organizer, please contact us. We look forward to hearing
                                              from you by December 5. Thanks

                                                        Mike Frinsko ( and Jesse Trushenski

        l. WAS Triennial Conference 2010                          lll. Aquaculture America, 2009

        1) Larval Nutrition of Fishes                             1) Improved Broodstock Management
        2) General Fish Larviculture                              2) Broodstock Nutrition
        3) Innovations in Fish Transport                          3) Use and Preparation of Larval Feeds
        4) Management Options for Reducing Fish Stress            4) Pond Fertilization in Larviculture
        5) Incidence and Management of Digenetic Grub             5) Tools for Counting and Grading Larval and
                 Disease                                          Juvenile Fishes
        6) __________________Other                                6) __________________Other
        7) __________________Other                                7) __________________Other
        8) __________________Other                                8) __________________Other
        9) ___________________Other                               9) ___________________Other
        10) __________________Other                               10) __________________Other

        ll. AFS National Meeting, 2008                            lV. Fish Biology Congress, 2008

        1) Gynogens in Fish Culture                               1) Anesthetics and Fish Physiology
        2) History of North American Fish Culture                 2) Insights in Stress Physiology
        3) Paddlefish Culture                                     3) Chemoreception and Fish Feed Formulation
        4) Genetics and Hatchery Reform                           4) Significance of Broodstock Nutrition to Egg and
        5) Bowfin and Gar Culture                                            Larval Development
        6) __________________Other                                5) Improving Immunity with Probiotics
        7) __________________Other                                6) __________________Other
        8) __________________Other                                7) __________________Other
        9) ___________________Other                               8) __________________Other
        10) __________________Other                               9) ___________________Other
                                                                  10) __________________Other
                         Newsletter of the Fish Culture Section
                           of the American Fisheries Society
                                     October 2007
                   President............................................Curry Woods
                               Past-President.................Mike Barnes
                   Immediate Past-President.................
                                                                ........Jesse Trushenski
                   Secretary-Treasurer...........................Carl Kittel
Committee Chairpersons (Standing):
     Auditing................................................................................. Chris Green
     Hall of Fame.......................................................................... Mike Barnes
     Membership...........................................................................Curry Woods
     Newsletter..............................................................................Heidi Lewis
     Nominating.............................................................,..............Mike Barnes
     Program................................................................................. Jesse Trushenski

Committee Chairpersons (Ad Hoc):
     Continuing Education...........................................................Mike Frinsko
     Student Awards.....................................................................Steve Lochmann
     Student...................................................................................Brett Timmons
                                                                                               and Heidi Lewis

President’s Appointees:
       FCS Representative to PFIRM..............................................Vince Mudrak
       FCS Representative to Triennial Program Committee........Mike Frinsko
       FCS Representative to Triennial Steering Committee.........John Nickum
       FCS Liaison to USAS..............................................................Max Mayeaux
       FCS Webmaster......................................................................Cortney Ohs

Contact Information:

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