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					       COUNTRY
        REPORT
PERSISTENT ORGANIC
    POLLUTANTS
IN THE PHILIPPINES


             NESTOR V. PATNUGOT
      Environmental Management Specialist II
 DENR-Environmental Management Bureau, Region XI
1. INFORMATION ABOUT THE

 PARTICIPANT
 Information About the Participants

 Name of Participant : NESTOR V. PATNUGOT
 Present Position     : Environmental Management Specialist II
 Present Duties in the Organization:
    I am presently assigned at the Environmental Impact Assessment and
 Monitoring Division specifically as Chief, Review, Assessment and
 Inspection Section of the DENR-EMB, Region XI, Lanang, Davao City,
 and performs the following duties and responsibilities, to wit:
• Evaluates and conducts on-site inspection on projects which generates
  hazardous and toxic wastes e.g. dump site, gold mining projects, banana
  plantation, hospitals, industrial plants, etc.;
• Review/evaluates documents application for ECC/CNC;
• Attends EIA Review Committee meetings for projects located within an
  ECA and which are required to submit EIS document;
• Assists in the conduct of Technical Conferences;
• Assists in the formation of Multi-Partite Monitoring team; and
• Assists in the implementation of various EMB mandated laws such as PD
  1586, PD 984, RA 6969, RA 8749 and RA 9003.
             Organizational Structure of Environmental Management Bureau
                                     Regional Office
                                  REGIONAL DIRECTOR
                                                                                   Interim Legal Section


        ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT    ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY DIVISION             ADMINISTRATIVE & FINANCE Division
          ASSESSMENT DIVISION
My present
                                                         Source Emission
assignment                                                                                   Planning Unit
                                                             Test Unit

                REVIEW,
              ASSESSMENT         Environmental         Chemicals & Hazardous                  Budget Unit
             & INSPECTION       Protection Section   Waste Management Section
               SECTION
                                                                                             Cashier Unit
                                                           Water Quality
                                 Environmental
                                                         Monitoring Section
                                 Protection Unit I
             MONITORING &                                                                   Accounting Unit
             INVESTIGATION
                                                          Special Concern/
               SECTION
                                 Environmental        Solid Waste Mgt. Section              Personnel Unit
                                Protection Unit II

                                                         Ambient Air Quality             Property/Supply Unit
                                 Environmental           Monitoring Section

                                  Protection III
                                                                                             Records Unit
                                                     Laboratory Services Section
          ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE



     ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU




PD 1586 PD 984 RA 6969 RA 8749 RA 8749 RA 9003
Expectation from the course:

I expect to gain additional information
relative to Persistent Organic Pollutants
(POPs),         their       management,
mitigation/remediation measures, including
the handling, storage, treatment and
disposal.


        On the other hand, I also expect to
gain insight about the culture, values, and
traditions of the host country.
2. General Description of
  Participant’s Country
Location
The Philippines extends 1,152 miles (1,855
kilometers) from North to South, between
Taiwan and Borneo, and 688 miles (1,108
kilometers) from East to West, and are bounded
by the Philippine Sea on the West.




Area

It comprises 7,100 islands and has a total area
of 300,000 square kilometers. The total land
area is about 298,170 square kilometers and
1,830 kilometers of its water.
Population
The population of the Philippines is increasing rapidly (from
21.8 million in 1955 to 76.5 million as of May 2002), placing
great strains on the economy and on social services. The
birthrate remains high despite government-sponsored
family—planning programs introduced in 1970, while the
death rate is about half that of the 1920s. About 50% of the
people live on Luzon, with sizable populations on Cebu,
Mindanao, Leyte, and Negros. Most Filipinos live in small
villages called barrios in rural areas. Recent years, however,
have seen large—scale migration from rural areas to the
cities, especially MANILA, the capital. Nearly one in eight
Filipinos lives in Metro Manila, which includes QUEZON CITY
(the capital from 1948 to 1976), Caloocan, and Pasay. Other
large cities include the ports of CEBU, DAVAO, and
ZAMBOANGA.
THE PEOPLE
Population (1996): 71,750,000
Life Expectancy (at birth): Males--66.0 yrs; females--70.0 yrs.
Official Languages: Pilipino
Major Religions: Roman Catholicism, Protestantism,
Aglipayan (Philippine Independent Church), Islam.

THE ECONOMY

Chief Agricultural Products: Crops--sugarcane, rice, coconuts, corn
(maize), bananas, cassava, pineapples, mangoes, coffee, tobacco.
Livestock--pigs, buffalo, goats, cattle, chickens.
Chief Mined Products: Coal, nickel ore, copper concentrate, silver,
gold, crude petroleum.
Chief Manufactured Products: Food items, petroleum products,
footwear and apparel, chemicals, electrical machinery, nonmetallic
mineral products, beverages, tobacco.
Foreign Trade: Imports, 61%; exports, 39%.
Chief Exports: Electrical machinery and parts, clothing, coconut
products, metalliferous ores and metal scrap, nonferrous metals,
chemicals, wood products, bananas.
Geography
The Philippines is within the Southeastern Asia, archipelago
between the South China Sea and Philippine Sea, east of
Vietnam. It has a 36,289 kilometer coastline. The terrain is
predominantly mountainous with narrow to extensive coastal
lowlands.    The lowest point measuring 0 meter is at the
Philippine Sea and the highest point with an elevation of 2,954
meters is the Mount Apo. Natural Resources such as gold, silver,
nickel, cobalt, copper, petroleum, timber, and salt are found in
the country. The Philippines is astride typhoon belt, usually
affected by 15 and struck by 5 to 6 cyclonic storms per year.
Landslides, active volcanoes, destructive earthquakes and
tsunamis are identified natural hazards in the country.


Climate
The Philippine climate is characterized by tropical marine;
Northeast monsoon from November to April; and Southwest
monsoon from May to October.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

The Philippine economy, on
the whole,continued to grow
and gather strength in the
first quarter of the year. Real
gross     domestic     product
(GDP), grew 3.8% in the first
quarter      this    year,   a
significant       improvement
over the 2.9% growth rate
registered in the same
period last year. Adjusted for
seasonality, real GDP grew
0.2% from the fourth quarter
of 2001.
                       Status of Environmental Industry


The Philippines, being both an agricultural and industrial
country, uses significant amount of fertilizers, pesticides
and herbicides. Moreover, harmful pollutants are also
emitted from various existing dumpsites and landfills.
Likewise, there are lots of electric utilities that might be
using transformers containing Polychlorinated Biphenyls
(PCBs).
3. Government intervention for
  Environmental Management
  and Control
The Organization
                                                         Environmental Management Bureau (EMB)
                                                         Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)

                                                                            OFFICE OF THE DENR SECRETARY




  Of f ice of the Undersecretary                      Of f ice of the                    Of f ice of the Undersecretary                      Of f ice of the                     Of f ice of the Undersecretary
      f or Local Gov ernment,                        Undersecretary                      f or Env ironment and Natural                     Undersecretary                  f or Focal Point or National Coordinator
 Indigenous Peoples and Media                    For Policy and Planning                     Resources Operations                      f or ENR Legal, Lands                      f or certain Commissions
                Af f airs                                                                                                             and International Af f airs


                                                     ASEC f or Policy
                                                      and Planning

                                                                                                                           Mines & Geo-                Environm ental            Land Mgt.                 Legal
     Planning &                 Forest                 Protected Areas          Eco. Sy stems                             Science Bureau                Management               Services                 Services
    Policy Studies            Management                & Wildlif e Mgt.         Research &                                                            Bureau (EMB)
       Serv ice                 Bureau                     Bureau               Dev ’t. Bureau



                                                                                                             Administrative &            Environmental               Standard Setting             Legal & Envt’l.
                                                                                                             Finance Service           Planning & Policy               & Monitoring                 Education
                            Of f ice of the Asst. Secretary for
                               Foreign Assisted & Special                                                                                   Service                      Service                    Services
                                          Projects



                                                                                                 Regional                                                 Regional
                       Foreign                      Local Investment &                            Office                                                   Office
                     Investment                      Program Support
                       Service                           Service

                                                                                                                   Admin. &         Pollution        Environm ental           Legal &                  Planning &
                                                                                                                   Finance          Control            Im pact &           Environmental              Programming,
                                                                                                                   Division         Division          Monitoring             Education                 MIS & Stat.
                                                                                                                                                        Division              Division                   Division


                                                                                                   PENRO
 ARED for                ARED for            ARED for                     ARED for
 Operations              Technical             Legal                    Administrative
                         Services            Services &                   Services                                                                                  My Function
                                               Public
                                               Affairs                                             CENRO
Organizational Function

Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)

The DENR is the premier governmental institution engaged in
environmental management and protection. As provided under
Section 4 of Executive Order 192, the DENR is mandated to be
the primary government agency responsible for the
conservation, management, development, licensing, regulation
and proper use of the country’s environment and natural
resources.


Environmental Management Bureau (EMB)

To spearhead the government’s efforts in environmental
protection and management. The EMB was created as a staff
bureau of the DENR and later became a line bureau as per
Republic Act 8749, otherwise known as the “Philippine Clean
Air Act of 1999”. The EMB Central Office is in-charge of the 16
Regional Offices throughout the country.
         National Level
    ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

              DENR



ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUREAU


      EMB REGIONAL OFFICES
The EMB Regional Offices



The Regional Offices is tasked to implement the
environmental protection laws. One of these laws is
the Republic Act 6969, otherwise known as ―Toxic
Substances, Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Control
Act of 1990‖. It describes the regulatory and
administrative framework currently in place in the
Philippines for the management of toxic chemicals
and hazardous wastes, which includes POPs.
             Organizational Structure of Environmental Management Bureau
                                     Regional Office
                                  REGIONAL DIRECTOR
                                                                                   Interim Legal Section


        ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT    ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY DIVISION             ADMINISTRATIVE & FINANCE Division
          ASSESSMENT DIVISION
My present
                                                         Source Emission
assignment                                                                                   Planning Unit
                                                             Test Unit

                REVIEW,
              ASSESSMENT         Environmental         Chemicals & Hazardous                  Budget Unit
             & INSPECTION       Protection Section   Waste Management Section
               SECTION
                                                                                             Cashier Unit
                                                           Water Quality
                                 Environmental
                                                         Monitoring Section
                                 Protection Unit I
             MONITORING &                                                                   Accounting Unit
             INVESTIGATION
                                                          Special Concern/
               SECTION
                                 Environmental        Solid Waste Mgt. Section              Personnel Unit
                                Protection Unit II

                                                         Ambient Air Quality             Property/Supply Unit
                                 Environmental           Monitoring Section

                                  Protection III
                                                                                             Records Unit
                                                     Laboratory Services Section
Organizational Functions

A. ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY DIVISION (EQD)



B. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT DIVISION (EIA)
    •   Review, Assessment & Inspection Section
    •   Monitoring and Investigation Section


C. ADMINISTRATIVE AND FINANCE DIVISION
     Laws and Regulations for Harmful Environmental
                    Contaminants

Republic Act 6969 - ―Toxic Substances and Hazardous and
                Nuclear Wastes Control Act of 1990‖

DENR Administrative Order No. 29 - ―The Implementing Rules
                 and Regulations of R.A. 6969‖

Republic Act 8749 - ―The Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999‖

DENR Administrative Order No. 2000-18 - ―The Implementing
                 Rules and Regulations of R.A. 8749‖

Presidential Decree No. 1144 - was promulgated to create the
                  Fertilizer and Pesticide Authority (FPA) under
                  the Department of Agriculture (DA). The FPA is
                  a separate regulatory agency governing
                  fertilizers and pesticides utilization in the
                  country.
    Laws and Regulations for Harmful Environmental
                   Contaminants

DENR Administrative Order No. 97-38 - ―The Chemical Control
                  Order      for   Mercury    and     Mercury
                  Compounds‖. This regulates the importation,
                  manufacture, processing, use, transport and
                  distribution of mercury and its compounds.

DENR Administrative Order No. 97-39 - ―The Chemical Control
                  Order      for    Cyanide     and   Cyanide
                  Compounds‖. This regulates the importation,
                  manufacture, processing, use, transport and
                  distribution of cyanide and its compounds.

DENR Administrative Order No. 2000-18 - ―The Chemical Control
                  Order for Ozone Depleting Substances‖. This
                  regulates the importation, manufacture,
                  processing, use, transport and distribution of
                  ozone depleting substances.
   Laws and Regulations for Harmful Environmental
                  Contaminants


DENR Administrative Order No. 2000-02 - ―The Chemical
                 Control Order for Asbestos‖. This is to
                 control and regulate the use, import,
                 storage, transport and disposal of
                 asbestos.


The Draft of the Chemical Control Order for Polychlorinated
                  Biphenyls (PCB) - This     regulates     the
                  importation, manufacture and industrial
                  uses of PCBs. It also addresses the storage
                  and disposal of wastes including the
                  containers and discarded materials
                  contaminated with this chemical.
  The Status of Environmental Contaminants by Harmful
                 Chemicals including POPs

Target to be achieved this year is to conduct inventory of all
sources of POPs in our country to include the Reduction and
Elimination of POPs (Year 2003). There is an on-going
nationwide survey on annual generation of hazardous
wastes from different manufacturing industries in our country.
Initial results showed an annual generation of 278,393 tons of
the said wastes. Seminars have also been conducted on
POPs attended by representatives of EMB coming from the
different regions.

With regards to pesticides, the Department of Agriculture (DA)
through the Fertilizer and Pesticides Authority (FPA) controls
the manufacture, distribution, sale and use of pesticides and
fertilizers in the market. Banning of certain agricultural
chemicals is already being enforced by the FPA.
However,monitoring has been quite difficult.
Programs/Projects regarding monitoring, remediation and
           research for harmful environmental
             Contaminants especially POPs


 •Ongoing inventory of all sources of POPsc especially
  PCBs in the Philippines

 •Preparation of the National Implementation Plan

•Banning of Incineration as a response to address the
 adverse effects of dioxins and furans emissions (RA 8749)

 •Initiate Public Awareness     Programs    and     conduct
 seminars relative to POPs.
Problems/ Possible Solutions

1- Limited knowledge on POPs, its effect to human health
and its remediation.
2- Limited financial resources and manpower to monitor
industries with potential source of POPs including laboratory
equipments.


   There is a need for a substantial financial assistance to be
given to developing countries like the Philippines that will
specifically enable us to meet our obligations under the
convention. Establishment of laboratory specifically for
testing of POPs will surely help our country comply with its
requirements to the convention. Finally, training such as this
one, is very necessary to enhance the groundwork needed
to fully implement our laws and regulations on hazardous
and toxic chemicals to include POPs.
4. Report on the Environmental
  Management Program of
  the Participant’s Institution
       Report on the Environmental Management
         Program of the Participant’s Institution


Philosophy/Mandate:
As provided for under Section 4 of Executive Order No. 192,
the DENR is mandated to be the primary government
agency responsible for the conservation, management,
development and proper use of the country’s environment
and natural resources, specifically forest and grazing
lands, mineral resources, including those in reservations,
watershed areas and lands of the public domain, as well
as licensing and regulations of all natural resources as
maybe provided for by law in order to ensure equitable
sharing of the benefits derived therefrom; for the welfare of
the present and future generations of Filipinos.
DENR Vision: The Philippines – a country of lush forests,
clear skies and waters, and bountiful land; a strong
dynamic nation of empowered people living in dignity,
at peace with each other and in harmony with nature.



DENR Mission: To promote the well-being of Filipino
through sustainable development of forest resources;
optimal utilization of lands and minerals; social equity
and efficiency in resource use; and effective
environmental management.
Programs/Projects regarding monitoring, remediation and
           research for harmful environmental
             Contaminants especially POPs


 •Ongoing inventory of all sources of POPsc especially
  PCBs in the Philippines

 •Preparation of the National Implementation Plan

•Banning of Incineration as a response to address the
 adverse effects of dioxins and furans emissions (RA 8749)

 •Initiate Public Awareness     Programs    and     conduct
 seminars relative to POPs.
Problems/ Possible Solutions

1- Limited knowledge on POPs, its effect to human health
and its remediation.
2- Limited financial resources and manpower to monitor
industries with potential source of POPs including laboratory
equipments.


   There is a need for a substantial financial assistance to be
given to developing countries like the Philippines that will
specifically enable us to meet our obligations under the
convention. Establishment of laboratory specifically for
testing of POPs will surely help our country comply with its
requirements to the convention. Finally, training such as this
one, is very necessary to enhance the groundwork needed
to fully implement our laws and regulations on hazardous
and toxic chemicals to include POPs.
Thank you.


Maraming Salamat Po.

				
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